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“ To sec any body preparing, and taking Lord Russell was committed to the their way to see what I long to do a thou- Tower on the 26th June, tried on the sand times more than they, makes me not 13th July, and executed in Lincoln's endure to suffer their going, without saying Inn Fields on the 21st July 1633. The something to my best life; though it is a kind of anticipating my joy when we shall particulars of this atrociously unjust meet, to allow myself so much before the sentence, and the shameful managetime but I confess I feel a great deal, ment of the trial which preceded it, that, though I left London with great re

as also the heroic conduct of Lady luctance, (as it is easy to persuade men a Russell upon that occasion, and the woman does,) yet that I am not like to calm and pious magnanimity of her leave Stratton with greater. They will lord, have been a favourite theme tell you how well I got hither, and how with all the writers of history or mewell I found our dear treasure here : your moirs at the time ; and even the inboy will please you; you will, I think, veteracy of party prejudice has never find him improved, though I tell you so raised å dissenting voice against those before hand." They fancy he wanted you; honours and culogies that decked the fos, as soon as l'alighted, he followed, untimely grave of Lord Russell, and calling Papa ; but, I suppose, it is the word he has most command of; so was

shed a lustre over the sorrowful seclunot disobliged by the little fellow. The sion of his afflicted widow. The edigirls were fine, 'in remembrance of the tor of this work, speaking of the time happy 29th of September ; and we drank when he was apprehended, (not chusyour health, after a red-deer pie ; and at ing to shun a trial when the escape night your girls and I supped on a sack was put in his power,) says, posset : nay, master would have his room, and for haste burnt his fingers in the pos " From this moment, till after her husset; but he does but rub his hands for it. band's death, we know little of Lady RusIt is the most glorious weather here that sell, but what is recorded in the history of ever was seen. The coach shall meet you her country, where her name will be emat the cabbage-garden : be there by eight balmed with her Lord's, while passive cou. o'clock, or a little after ; though I guess rage, devoted and unblemished purity, are you can hardly be there so soon, day honoured in the one sex, or public patriot. breaks so late ; and indeed the mornings ism, private virtues, or unshaken principles, are so misty, it is not wholesome to be in revered in the other." the air so early. I do propose going to my neighbour Worseley to-day. I would fain A letter to Dr Fitzwilliam, a disbe telling my heart more things—any senting clergyman who deservedly thing to be in a kind of talk with him ; shared much of her confidence, gives but, I believe, Spencer stays for my dis- the first notice that appears of the patch : he was willing to go early ; but state of her mind under the pressure this was to be the delight of this morning, of this aggravated calamity. The and the support of the day. It is perform- Doctor had written to endeavour to ed in bed, thy pillow at my back, where assist her in lifting up her mind to thy dear head shall lie, 1 hope, to-morrow heaven, when all other consolation night, and many more, I trust in His mercy, notwithstanding all our enemies or

must have been useless. She replies, ill-wishers. Love, and be willing to be

"* I need not tell you, good Doctor, loved, by

R. RUSSELL.

how little capable I have been of such an " I have not seen your brother ; yet I exercise as this. You will soon find how wish matters go well."

unfit I am still for it; since my yet dis

ordered thoughts can offer me no other There are only six more preserved, than such words as express the deepest perhaps the shortness of her absences sorrow, and confused as my yet amazed from her lord gave occasion to no mind is. But such men as you, and par. more; this one was dated 20th Sep- ticularly one so much my friend, will, 1 tember 1631. In less than two years know, bear with my weakness, and comthe fatal event took place that over- passionate my distress, as you have already whelmed this admirable person with done, by your good letter, and excellent the deepest and most lasting aftlic- prayer: tion, filled the country with astonish, and how we lived, must allow I have just

“ You, that knew us both, ment, sorrow, and indignation, and cause to bewail my loss. I know it is finally was not a little instrumental common to others to lose a friend; but to in paving the way for the expulsion have lived with such a one, it may be of that prince to whose jealousy and questioned how few can glory in the like resentment her lord was sacrificed. happiness, so, consequently, lament the

a blow!

like loss. Who can but shrink from such son, who appears to have been very

amiable, and the object of the most Lord let me understand the tender and unbounded affection, died reason of these dark and wounding provi- of the small-pox in the thirty-third dences, that I sink not under the discouragement of my own thoughts! I know

I year of his age, after being for several have deserved my punishment, and will be years happily married, leaving chilsilent under it; but yet secretly my heart dren to reap the benefit of his mo

Our mourns, too sadly, I fear, and cannot be ther's wisdom and experience. comforted, because I have not the dear extracts have been so ample, that we companion and sharer of all my joys and cannot afford room, at present, for sorrows. I want him to talk with, to walk a valuable letter of advice addresswith, to eat, and sleep with. All these ed to him, nor for a very affectthings are irksome to me. The day un- ing one addressed to Archbishop Tilwelcome, and the night so too; all com- lotson after his death. She was despany and meals I would avoid, if it might tined to have all her Christian fortibe: get all this is, that I enjoy not the tude called forth, to support her unworld in my own way ; and this sure hin. der the loss of her younger daughter, ders my comfort. When I see my chil. dren before me, I remember the pleasure the Duchess of Rutland, who died in he took in them : this makes my heart child-bed in the same year. From shrink. Can I regret his quitting a lesser seeing this beloved child laid in her good for a greater ? Oh! if I did but coffin, she went to visit the Duchess steadfastly believe, I could not be dejected; of Devonshire, likewise in child-bed, for I will not injure myself to say, I offer who inquiring anxiously for her sismy mind any inferior consolation to sup- ter, her mother, with extraordinary ply this loss. No; I most willingly for presence of mind, said to her,

" I sake this world, this vexatious, trouble- have to-day seen your sister out of some world, in which I have no other bu- bed.” The afflictions which Lady siness, but to rid my soul of sin, secure by Russell felt so deeply, yet supported faith and a good conscience my eternal interests, with patience and courage bear

so firmly, would have overwhelmed

my eminent misfortune, and ever hereafter be any ordinary mind, but in hers they above the smiles and frowns of fortune.'” only called forth greater powers of

exertion, and furnished occasion for Yet so was her mind borne up un- the exercise of more severe and exder this severest trial by her true alted virtues. Her life, useful and piety, and the love that devolved to exemplary to the last, was prolonged her from him adding a holy fervour to her eighty-sixth year, and in enuto maternal solicitude, that she left merating, with humble gratitude, the no duty undone to his children, but blessings that still remained to her watched over their health, their in, after her signal misfortune, she menterest, and their instruction, with the tions the continuance of a greater devigilance of a mind occupied by no gree of health than common, which other care.

She was loved, honoured, was even improved, since all worldly and sought to in her retirement, by pleasures had become indifferent to all that was most estimable and most her, for in her happiest days she had exalted by character as well as rank been subject to severe and frequent in the kingdom. Her husband's at- headaches, which never returned in tainder was early reversed by an act the days of her affliction. There is of William and Mary, in which his an extremely interesting fragment, execution was declared to be a mur- written when she was very old, in der. And she appears to have been which she had begun to take a sort of in intimate correspondence with Queen review of her life, in a supplication to Mary, and entitled to ask any favour Heaven for pardon on the transgresfor those she deemed worthy of her sions she recapitulates ; and, as is well patronage. Her daughters proved remarked by the Editor, the scrupulworthy of their parents, and of the ous exactness with which she dissects judicious care bestowed on their edu- these, may assure us she had not cation. Sh had the satisfaction weightier matters to bring forward in seeing them, at an early age, mar- the account. ried to the heirs of the two most illustrious families in England, one of 5 I Vanity cleaves to me, I fear, 0 them being Duchess of Devonshire, Lord ! in all I say, in all I do. In all I and the other of Rutland. Her only suffer, proud, not enduring to slights or

neglects, subject to envy the good parts of enough so, my servants went to church, if others, even as to worldly gifts. Failing in I did, or did not go myself. my duty to my superiors; apt to be soon 6 • Some time after in London, and then angry with, and without cause too often; with my father's wife at Tunbridge, and and by it may have grieved those that de after with her at Bath, gave too much of sired to please me, or provoked others to my time to carelessly indulging in idleness. sin by my rash anger. Not ready to own At Bath too well contented to follow the any advantage I may have received by common way of passing the time in diver. good advice or example. Not well satis- sion, and thinking but little what was sefied if I have not all the respect I expected, rious : considering more health of body even from my superiors. Such has been than that of my soul. Forgive my heavi

. the pride of my naught heart, I fear, and ness and sloth in spirituals, for Christ also neglect in my performances due to my Jesus' sake. superiors, children, friends, or servants “ • After this, I must still accuse myself I heartily lament my sin. But, alas ! in that sometimes in Wales, and other times my most dear husband's troubles, seeking in England, my care in good has not suithelp from man, but finding none. His life ed to my duty, not with the active and dewas taken away, and so sorely was my vout heart and mind I should in the even. spirit wounded, even without prospect of ing have praised thee, my God, for the future comfort or consolation—the more mercies of the past day, and recollected my faulty in me, having three dear children to evil doings, or omissions of doing good in perform my duty to, with thankfulness for my power. Not in the morning carefully such a blessing left me, under so heavy fixing my will and purpose to pass the day a dispensation as I felt the loss of him to pleasing in thy sight, and giving good ex. be. But, alas ! how feeble did I find ample to man, particularly such as under myself both then, and also poorly prepared my care ; more especially after my second to bear the loss of my dear child and only marriage, forgetting by whose blessing I son, in 1711.

was so happy, consuming too much time "• If I carry my sorrow to the grave, with him.'” O Lord, in much mercy let it not be im. puted as sin in me! His death was a

No one, who has the happiness of piercing sorrow to me, yet thou hast sup. knowing the distinguished female to ported me, Lord ! even in a very old age, whom the public owe this selection of and freer from bodily pains and sickness materials, can read without emotion than most feel—I desire thankfully to re- the conclusion of the memoir. Beaucollect.

ty, grace, wit, elegance, all the charm. ** • Alas! from my childhood I can re- of polished and intelligent conversacollect a backwardness to pray, and cold. tien, all, in short, that is calculated to ness when I did, and ready to take or seek excite admiration, added to the more cause to be absent at the public ones. solid virtues that exalt the female Even after a sharp sickness and danger at Chelsea, spendirg my time childishly, if

character, we see verging to decline not idly; and if I had read a few lines in with a feeling like that of watching a a pious book, contented I had done well. beacon light on the point of extince Yet, at the same time, ready to give ear to tion. But we shall quote the pasreports, and possibly malicious ones, and sage, and conclude our extracts with telling my mother-in-law, to please her. this testimonial to female excellence, At seventeen years of age was married; which may be truly styled praise from continued too often being absent at the the praise-worthy. public prayers, taking very slight causes to be so, liking too well the esteemed di. 66 May the writer of these pages be versions of the town, as the Park, visiting, permitted to hope, while fast sinking to plays, &c. trifling away my precious time, the grave that must shortly close on an in. At our return to London, I can recollect significant existence—may she be allowed that I would choose upon a Sunday to go to hope, that existence rescued from the to church at Lord B.'s, where the sermon imputation of perfect inutility, by having would be short, a great dinner, and after, thus endeavoured to develope, and hold up worldly talk; when at my father's, the to the admiration of her countrywomen, so sermon longer, and discourse more edifying. bright an example of female excellence as And too much after the same way, I much the character of Lady Russell ? a characfear, at my several returns to W'ales and ter whose celebrity was purchased by the England. In the year 1665, was brought sacrifice of no feminine virtue, and wbose to bed of my first child ; with him too in. principles, conduct, and sentiments, equal. dulging 1 fear to get strength soon, and ly well adapted to every condition of her spend my time as before, much with my sex, will in all be found the surest guides loved sisters ; I doubt not heedful, or not to peace, honour, and happiness."

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.

Weights and Measures.—The commer. of Persia, with a specimen of the naphtha cial world will learn with satisfaction, that in the purest state in which it occurs. It a plan has been commenced, under the is colourless as water, has the specific graauspices of the British Government, for de- vity 0.753, and precisely the same smell termining the relative contents of the weights and taste as the naphtha which is made in and measures of all trading countries. this country from the distillation of coal. This important object is to be accomplished Indeed, our artificial naphtha and the Per. by procuring from abroad correct copies of sian naphtha resemble each other in all Foreign standards, and comparing them their chemical properties, as far as I have with those of England at his Majesty's compared them together. I have never got Mint. Such a comparison, which could be any naphtha made in this country from effected only at a moment of universal coal quite so light as the Persian. The peace, has never been attempted on a plan specific gravity of the lowest which I sufficiently general or systematic: and have met with was 0.817, but probably hence the errors and contradictions which had it been rectified once or twice more, it abound in tables of Foreign weights and would have become as light as the Per, measures, even in works of the highest au- sian.” thority. In order, therefore, to remedy an New Acoustic Instrument.-Baron inconvenience so perplexing in commerce, Cagniard de la Tour has invented a new Lord Castlereagh has, by the recommenda- Acoustic Instrument, designed to measure tion of the Board of Trade, issued a circu. the vibrations of air which constitute sound. lar, dated March 16, 1818, directing all the wind of a pair of bellows is made to the British Consuls abroad to send home issue through a small orifice, covered by a copies of the principal standards used with- circular plate, moveable on a centre placed in their respective consulates, verified by at a little distance from the aperture. The the proper authorities, and accompanied by circular plate has a number of oblique eexplanatory papers and other documents quidistant holes made through it, in a cirrelative to the subject. Most of his Lord. cle round the axis, which passes over the ship's orders have been already executed orifice of the bellows: when this plate is in a very full and satisfactory manner. made to revolve, (which, by the obliquity The dispatches and packages transmitted of the holes, may be affected by the current on the occasion are deposited at the Royal of the air, or otherwise by proper mechaMint, where the standards are to be forth. nism,) the aperture is alternately open and with compared. The comparisons are to shut to the passage of the air ; and thus a be made by Robert Bingley, Esq. the King's regular series of blows are given to the exAssay Master of the Mint, and the calcu- ternal air, and sounds analogous to the hulations by Dr Kelly, of Finsbury Square, man voice are produced, and more or less who originally submitted the plan to Go acute according to the velocity with which vernment; and who will publish the results the plate revolves. In place of one aperof those comparisons and calculations, as ture many are used, which are opened and soon as they are completed, in the second shut simultaneously, by which means, withedition of his " Universal Cambist." out interfering with the height of the sound,

Improvement on Boats.- We congratu. its strength is increased. The instrument late the public on the application or a sim- is a circular copper box four inches in diaple mechanical apparatus to impel boats, meter. 1 ts upper surface is pierced by 100 instead of oars. It consists of the machi- oblique apertures, each a quarter of 2 nery of stean.vessels, but the moving pow. line in width and two lines long : on the er is the hand applied to a windlass. Boats centre of this surface is an axle upon which were first used on this principle with suc the circular plate turns: this plate has also cess on Whit-Monday, between London 100 apertures corresponding to those below, and Greenwich. The labour is much less and with an equal obliquity, but in an opthan that of oars, and the impulse of the posite direction. The obliquity is not neLoat through the water much increased in cessary to the production of the sounds, swiftness.

but it serves to give motion to the plate by Naphtha. Mineralogists and chemists the currents of air. The box is, by a tube, are aware of the existence of naphtha in connected with the bellows that supply the Persia, and of the many wonderful stories air. In the experiments to ascertain the vi. that have been related of its volatility and brations for each sound, the plate was made combustibility. “I have," says Dr Thom- to revolve by wheel-work moved by a weight. son, in his Annals, “ been lately favoured, The bellows were then used only for the through the kindness of a gentleman, who purpose of judging whether the sounds of has spent many years in the neighbourhood the machine accorded with the notes of a

VOL, VI.

4 A

standard instrument, namely, the Harmo Empiricism..The Prefecture of Police, nicom consisting of an arrangement of steel as authorized by the secretary-general on bars made to vibrate by a bow. Thus are the part of the French minister of state, ranged, the machine was made to produce issued strict orders, dated October 3, 1819, the diatonic notes of the gamut, and some that all the privileges, whether temporary beyond them : the revolutions of the plate or unlimited, formerly attached to the were ascertained by the revolutions of a Charlatans (irregular medical practitioners) wheel, which made one revolution while be annused. The venders of secret medi. the plate made thirteen and a half. cines, who affected to be ignorant of the

Christianity in China.-M. Perrocheau, legislative decree enacted on this subject, Bishop of Maxula, arrived at Macao, August 18, 1810, and continued their foron the 8th of March last, with the inten- mer traffic, for themselves and their heirs, tion of proceeding into China. After have received notices to discontinue their some previous study of the Chinese lan. preparations, and a great number of Char. guage, he embarked on the 7th of April, with latans have been accordingly put down ; M. Thomassin, for Upper Cochin China, among other instances, the Sieur de Belloste whence he was to repair to Tonquin, and had obtained in 1781 (in the antichamthere wait for conductors that would intro- ber of the prince or niinister, like many oduce him into the country of China. M. thers) a privilege for the composition and Thomassin wus to remain in Cochin China. sale, during thirty years, of the pills bear

A letter from a Catholic Missionary, at ing the name of Belloste ; but though the Macao, dated April 1, 1819, affords some thirty years were elapsed, this individual details relative to the persecution of the still continued to vend his pills, but, in comChristians in China. Every European mon with many others, he has had an orpriest that is discovered is instantly seized der inhibiting the preparation, the publishand put to death ; Chinese Christian priests ing for sale, or filling any shop or wareundergo the same fate. Christians of the house with them. laity, unless they will apostatize, are first M. Dufour, of St Sever, in the departdreadfully tortured, and then banished into ment of the Landes, intends inaking an ese

Tartary. This year, 1819, in the prisons cursion into such districts of the Pyrenees of one province alone, Sutcuen, two hun- as have not yet been explored by botanists, dred Christians were expecting the orders and to augment the French Flora with an for their exile. A Chinese priest had just accession of non-descript plants. The mi. been strangled, and two others were also nister of the interior has engaged to defray under sentence of death. Throughout the the charges of the undertaking. whole empire, there are but ten missiona Two young naturalists, the Messrs ries, five of whom, at Pekin, have no com- Godefroy, selected by the professors of the munication with the inhabitants unless it Jardin du Roi, are to set out on a voyage be secret. The emperor has moreover de to the Philippine Islands, which have beclared that he will no longer tolerate either ver been visited by French botanists. The painters or watchmakers, or even mathe. youngest of the brothers has been a student maticians. The Bishop of Pekin has in of medicine, &c. in the faculty of Rennes. vain attempted to introduce himself, under The purchase of instruments, and all other this title, into his diocese. The only way expences, are by the French governleft to the missionaries to penetrate into ment. the country, is by gaining the messengers A voyage to Lapland and the scas be. or couriers that pass from Macao to Pekin, yond is preparing by the French governbut if discovered, both the missionary and ment. It will embrace the interest of the the courier suffer death on the spot. sciences and arts, will proceed beyond the

France. Botany.-A new mode of faci- North Cape, in the Frozen Ocean, and litating the study of botany has lately been is expected to terminate about the end of invented by Mr Lefebvre, consisting of a September 1820. This mission is confi. pack of cards containing the elements of ded by the minister of interior to M. de the science. He places all the flowers in la Morinière, Inspector of the Fisheries. the world in four classes ;-Polypedales, Germany. - The police of Munich has Monopedales, Perigones, and compound lately put under arrest all copies of the flowers. These supply the place of the pamphlets entitled “ Results of the Confour suits, diamonds, clubs, spades, and gress of Vienna," and, “ Antistourdza," : hearts. The other divisions are likewise work written in opposition to the Memor the same as at cards, viz. twelve matadors of Mr Stourdza, presented to the Sovereigns or figures ; and the plain cards from ace at Aix-la-Chapelle. to ten. The latter are expressed by the In Vienna, since the 22d of January, all stamina of the flowers; and Linnæus's Foreign, French, or German Journals, are twelve last classes supply the place of king, prohibited from being exposed to perusa! queen, and knave, on each of the four prin- in coffee-houses, and other public places or cipal divisions. Thesc cards are called reading-rooms. Certain of the Foreign "Boston de Flore."

journals are excepted; the regulation, bor.

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