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as you have done her. My Lady New. the warmest heart, hers was not one in port goes into Shropshire on Monday next which such feelings were exclusive. come fortnight, so that she says she must “ There seems, indeed, to be as great a defer her Stratton journey till another year. variety in the powers of human hearts, as I am writing in my sister Die's bed-cham- of human intellects. Some are found hardber; my Lord is just looking in, and bids ly equal to the modified selfishness which me send you his affectionate remembrance, produces attachment to their most imme. and hopes to see you on Saturday. I shall diate connections ; some have naturally be thought very long writing, for we are strong feelings concentrated on a few ob going abroad when I am done ; but not jects, but which diffuse no warrath out of for my diversion, I am sure you will be their own narrow focus ; while others aplieve, when, to do so, I must leave what I pear endowed with an almost boundless am now about, which yet I cannoi till I capacity for every virtuous affection, which have signed, with great truth, myself contracts undiminished to all the minute your's,

R. VAUGHAN." duties of social life, and expands unex. “ These letters (says the intelligent

hausted to all the great interests of humaEditor) are written with such a neglect

nity. of style, and often of grammar, as may in which her friends, her country, her re

6. Such was the heart of Lady Russell, disgust the admirers of well-turned per ligion, all found a place. She recurs to riods, and they contain such frequent the character of her sister, under the name repetitions of homely tenderness, as may of a " delicious Friend,' and uniting a fond shock the sentimental readers of the pre- remembrance of her feelings for her, in all sent day. But they evince the enjoyment those of her happiness with an adored of a happiness, built on such rational foundations, and so truly appreciated by its husband, gratefully exclaims, . Sure, nopossessors, as too seldom occurs in the his body has ever enjoyed more pleasure in the tory of the human heart. They are im- conversations and tender kindness of a

husband and a sister than myself.'” pressed, too, with the marks of a cheerful mind, a social spirit, and every indication Her eldest daughter was born in of a character prepared, as well to enjoy 1674, another daughter in 1676, and the sunshine, as to meet the storms of life. her only son in 1680. Again we quote

“ Thus gifted, and thus situated, her from the fair editor. tender and prophetic exhortations both to her Lord and herself, to merit the conti “ The frequent mention made of these nuance of such happiness, and to secure its children in the following letters of their perfect enjoyment by being prepared for its health, their progress, and their amuseloss, are not less striking than his entirements, prove how much every thing that and absolute confidence in her character, concerned them occupied as well as inteand attachment to her society. It was rested their parents. Such details would thus, surely, that intellectual beings of dif- he tedious, were it not consoling to trace ferent sexes were intended by their great the minute features of tenderness in cha. Creator to go through the world together; racters, capable at the saine time of the thus united, not only in hand and heart, sternest exertions of human fortitude. but in principles, in itstellect, in views, and “ Although Lady Russell felt all the in dispositions ;-each pursuing one com- soul-sufficing enjoyments of perfect affecmon and noble end, their own improve. tion in the society of her husband, she al. ment, and the happiness of those around lowed no exclusive sentiment to withdraw them, by the different means appropriate either him or herself from the world, in to their sex and situation ;-mutually cor- which they were born to live, nor from the recting, sustaining, and strengthening each society which made that of each other other; undegraded by all practices of ty. more dear to them. Their summers at ranny on the one part, and 'of deceit on Stratton, to which she always adverts with the other ;-each finding a candid but sc. pleasure, were diversified by their winters vere judge in the understanding, and a spent at Southampton House, from whence, warm and partial advocate in the heart of if business, or country sports, called her their companion ;-secure of a refuge from companion, she sought society, and collectthe vexations, the follies, the misunder- ed for him in her letters, all the little anecstandings. and the evils of the world, in dotes, public or private, that could serve to the arms of each other, and in the inesti- amuse his absence ; proving how compati. mable enjoyments of unlimited confidence, ble she deemed cheerfulness to be with de. and unrestrained intimacy.

votion, and the reasonable enjoyment of “ In the death of her beloved sister, trifles in this world, with an attentive reLady Elizabeth Noel, in 1679, Lady Rus. gard to the great interests of the next. sell experienced a severe afiliction. Al “ From devotion, and devoted resignathough happy, and consciously happy in tion to the will of Heaven, wlio ever re. an husband and children, who called torth quired or obtained more than Lady Rusevery feeling that either could inspire to sell? Whose implicit faith in the inscrut

VOL. VI.

3 z

able ways of the Almighty was ever ex. which they listened to infamous per. posed to severer trials? And where, and sons, whose evidence was often in the when, were the consoling doctrines of highest degree inconsistent, greatly Christianity ever applied to more poignant injured the good cause they had at distress, or productive of more admirable heart. There is a principle of rectieffects, than on her life, her conduct, and tude and compassion always alive in her character? Yet her devotion separated her in no degree either from the affections, the British mind, which makes it danthe interests, or the amusements of the gerous, in a political view, to follow world. She appeared at a court, in the pro- violent measures too far, even towards fligacy of which she did not participate ; offending individuals. There are no and amused herself in a society, whose fri- people in whom indignation so soon volity she avoided.”

melts into pity, as appears in many Of the fatal French influence which signal instances, particularly in that

of James the Second's forced abdica. pervaded the councils and depraved

tion. Driven as he was from the the court of Charles the Second, too throne by the resentment of his injurmuch is known to make it necessary ed and oppressed subjects,--forsaken to dwell at length on what makes so painful a part of the history of this by his friends and his children,-decountry during that turbulent period, the populace, when he attempted to

serted by his army,--and insulted by which called forth the virtuous resistance of Lord Russell and his com back, and forced to return to London,

escape in disguise, and was driven patriots. That fatal influence derived

the aid from a religion, which, giving the

very mob showed feelings of repower of absolution to a fellow-sinner, tunate sovereign, and forgot for the

morse and humanity to their unfordeadens the horror at meditated crime, and lulls the conscience of the crimi- moment his faults, while they wit

nessed his fallen fortunes, and saw nal to false peace when wickedness is

him, as it were, in their power. become habitual. Conscious that a

There seems to have been a similar mong the secret votaries of such a re- revulsion of feeling with regard to the ligion, a lurking enemy to peace and Catholics at the period of time immefreedom was ever ready to start up diately preceding that in which the for their

annoyance ;-remembering, too, the horrors of what was then no

piety and fortitude of Lady Russell distant period, the massacre of St Bar- severest calamity that could assail a

were called to support her under the tholomew, and, nearer home, the Gun- virtuous and devoted heart like here. powder Plot and the Irish Massacre, And the cruelty and injustice with which many then living had witness- which the court pursued the victims ed, we cannot wonder though the of their smothered vengeance could apprehension of a Popish successor should create a lively terror in the never have taken effect, had they not

upon the crisis in which this minds of Protestants less pious and dubious and self-accusing feeling had public-spirited than the band of pa- produced a general timidity and want triots who struggled to exclude from of adhesion and energy among the the throne a prince whom they knew to be a bigot to that intolerant reli: friends of civil liberty. But, in order

to have a just sympathy with the sufgion. Nor was it to be wondered at that they should regard with anti- sad story we are considering, we must

ferings of the admirable person whose pathy and terror any intimate con, have some idea of the height of felinection with France, the manners and city from which she was precipitated, the politics of that country having al

--of the depth and strength of her afways had a fatal influence on this, even fections, -and of the worth and exwhen unconnected with the mean and cellence of the object on which they treacherous compact which disgraced the private history of Charles the Se

were placed. cond. Nothing could be objected to

Thomson, in an apostrophe to Li

berty, says, the antigallican and anticatholic zeal of these patriots, which were amply The generous Russell, too, whose tempered justified by succeeding events; yet

blood, the eagerness with which they pur- With calmest cheerfulness for thee resignsued the Papists implicated in the fa ed, mous plot, and the credulity with Stained the sad annals of a giddy reign ;

and every memorial of these unhappy more properly speaking, looking for times, by writers of every party, bears ward beyond this transient scene to ample testimony to the private worth an union indissoluble, and a felicity and public rectitude of his character. interminable. But the glimpses of their domestic “ If I were more fortunate in my exlife which we catch through all the pression, I could do myself more right careless familiarity of their corre when I would own to my dearest Mr Russpondence are conclusive in regard to sell what real and perfect happiness I enthe principles and feelings of this il- joy, from that kindness he allows me every lustrious pair. It is to be observed, day to receive new marks of, such as, in that they were not at any time long spite of the knowledge I have of my own enough separated to correspond in wants, will not suffer me to mistrust i such a manner as to give occasion sirable a blessing ; but, my best life, you

want his love, though I do merit, to so deeither to narrative or discussion.-- that know so well how to love and to obTheir lives actually.“ flowed in one lige, make my felicity entire, by believing clear united stream," so that, in these my heart possessed with all the gratitude, short absences which gave occasion to honour, and passionate affection to your the brief notices of daily occurrences, person, any creature is capable of, or can they had no occasion to compare opi- be obliged to ; and this granted, what have nions, or let light in upon each other's I to ask but a continuance (if God see fit) minds. From Stratton Lady Russell of these present enjoyments ? if not, a subsends a few notices of her domestic mission, without murmur, to his most matters, sweetened by the language dence; having a thankful heart for the

wise dispensations and unerring proviof endearment, flowing from the heart as it were unconsciously, and the lit

years I have been so perfectly contented

in : He knows best when we have had tle stories of the nursery, so delight, enough here ; what I most earnestly beg ful to those whom they concern, and from his mercy is, that we both live so as, so characteristic of unsophisticated which ever goes first, the other may not minds. From London she sends the sorrow as for one of whom they have no manna of the day; the transcript of hope. Then let us cheerfully expect to be all she hears and sees, without selec- together to a good old age; if not, let us tion, or any intention but that of sof. not doubt but he will support us under tening absence, by making him as

what trial he will inflict upon them. These present with her as possible; and

are necessary meditations sometimes, that like a magical glass, presenting to his

we may not be surprised above our strength view every passing image that floated Excuse me, if I dwell too long upon it;

by a sudden accident, being unprepared. before her own. It is only to the it is from my opinion, that if we can be profane vulgar that such letters can prepared for all conditions, we can with appear trifling, or such familiar sim- the greater tranquillity enjoy the present, plicity inelegant. To those worthy which I hope will be long; though when of being admitted to witness the care we change, it will be for the better, I trust, less and easy intercourse of such through the merits of Christ. Let us daily hearts and minds, this total negli- pray it may be so, and then admit of no gence of form, this perfect conscious- fears; death is the extremest evil against ness that nothing that concerns the nature, it is true ; let us overcome the imone can be without interest to the moderate fear of it, either to our friend or other, forms the principal charm of live with ? But I am immoderate in my

self, and then what light hearts may we the correspondence. Yet serious and length of this discourse, and consider this deep reflections and sentiments, equal to be a letter. To take myseif off, and ally lofty and tender, break forth occa ter the subject, I will tell you the news sionally in the midst of this family came on Sunday night to the Duke of chat. Through the overflowing of York, that he was a married man; he was that full contentment of which she talking in the drawing-room, when the speaks with such complacence, the French ambassador brought the letters in, germ of the saint and the heroine and told the news; the Duke turned aseems already visible in her early let- bout, and said, " Then I am a married We insert one only, the third Modena ; for it was rather expected to be

It proved to be to the Princess of in the collection, which shews, that, Canaples' niece; she is to have 100,000 in the bright morning of her prospe- francs paid here ; and now we may say rity, she was preparing defensive wea she has more wit than ever woman had bepons to protect her from “ the slings fore; as much beauty, and greater youth and arrows of outrageous fortune," or, than is necessary; he sent his daughter,

ters.

Lady Mary, word the same night, he had remembered, how you had accepted Bed. provided a playfellow for her. Mr Neale, fordshire, and the reports here of Sir who interrupts me in this my most pleasant Richard Knight, or such, being set up. If employment, tells me, my Lord Mulgrave I had news, I should not be very ready to has the Garter given him," &c.

send it you, being sure my Lord Marquis The fifth letter which follows is a therefore I have been the less inquisitive.

would have it better expressed from several, good specimen of the daily written My sister Northumberland had, last night, talk of the heart, in the first instance,

a letter from the Lady Northumberland; and then of the intelligence with all the account she gives her is, that if which she is at pains to amuse him her grandchild likes the addresses of my for whom she lives, and thinks, and Lord Ogle better than any others, she shaí feels.

accept them : this is the whole ; for all the

rest of the letter is some kind of notice how “ I was very sorry to read any thing severe she hears she is against her in her under your hand, written so late as I had one brought me to Montague House ; but ordinary discourse. My Lord Ogle is

come to town for certain, I think. I heard yesterday morning, by a servant

“ Your aunt tells me your cousin New. of my Lord Marquis

, you got well to Ted, port will be chosen, it is declared; but she dington, so I hope you did to Basing, and did not tell me how her lord took it. My our poor Stratton, and will by Saturday sister was told yesterday Mr Montague night to the creature of the world that loves you best. I have lived as retired, since but was for some borough. Mr

was off for standing knight of the shire, you went, as the severest and jealous helps him too, and the election-day would husband could enjoin a wise: so that I am not fitted to entertain you with passages in from him, or any thing else. Her little

be Saturday; but she knew nothing of this the town, knowing no more how the world girl has been so ill two days, she feared the goes than an Italian lady, they say, usual. small-pox : I have not seen it, but she sent ly does. The weather has been of the worst kind here, continually either snow, hail, or thought it would prove an ague. Your

me word this morning Dr Micklethwart high winds: God keep you from colds !, I sister is as well as is to be expected; but wish you may know when you are well,

we hear nothing of Lady Die. Our small and not stir from my Lord Marquis, whose humble servant I am, and must be Miss writes and lays the letters by, that

ones are as you left them, I praise God : very the more so, because I think he is so kind papa may admire them when he comes : it to you, as that my Lord would willinglyis a moment more wished for than to be agree to my wish." To take up as little of expressed by all the eloquence I am nisyour time as I can, I have sent you my

tress of, yet you know how much that is; sister's letter to read ; my answer to it you but my dear abuser I love more than my may guess at.

I wrote at large what was life, and am entirely his. said in my chamber : it might have been

* R. RUSSELL." * “ The following letter, written at this

The sixteenth seems to contain time from Basing, is among the very few, some indications of the coming storm. yet extant, from Lord Russell to his wife: Many of the intermediate contain

Basing, February the 8th, 1678-9. snatches of intelligence relative to “ I am stole from a great many gentle- Oates and Bedloe, and the Popish men into the drawing-room at Basing, for plot, but unconnected as they are, it a moment, to tell my dearest I have is difficult to make any thing intellithought of her being here the last time, gible about the transactions of the and wished for her a thousand times; but

time. in vain, alas ! for I am just going now to Stratton, and want the chariot, and my “ Sending your victuals by the higler, I dearest dear in it. I hope to be with you on take the same opportunity to let my dearSaturday. We have had a very trouble. est know I have his by the coach, and do some journey of it, and insignificant humbly and heartily praise my God for enough, by the fairness and excess of civi- the refreshing news of his being well : yet lity of somebody :--but more of that when you do not in words tell me if you are I see you. I long for the time, and am, very well; and your going to the House more than you can imagine, your

tells no more than that you are not very

« RUSSELL. ill. If your nose bleeds as it did, pray let “ I am troubled at the weather for our nie beg of you to give yourself time to own selves, but much more for my sister. bleed in the arm. My heart, be assured, Pray God it may have no ill effect upon mine is not easy, till I am where you are ; her, and that we may have a happy meet- therefore, send us a coach as soon as you ing on Saturday. I am miss's humble can: it shall find us ready whenever it comes, servant."

it God bless us to be well. I wrote more

fully to this purpose in the morning, only the wise from seeking aid and couna I am willing to hint it again, in case of its sel from her experience, her fortitude, miscarriage. I have sent up one maid this and piety. day, and op Monday all follow. It seems to me the ladies at Petworth are as parti

LETTER XX. cular to the Marquis as they were to the Duke before ; but the wondrous things he amiss any action of mine, from seven

" I hope my dearest did not interpret tells, I may aim at, but shall never guess, o'clock Thursday night, to nine on Friday por care to do it; or any thing else, but to morning; I am certain I had sufficient ter life, as I wish to see him, well and punishment for the ill conduct I used, of mine, as I am his, and so to be to an old the short time then left us to spend toage ; but above all, praying for hearts and gether, without so terrible an addition: minds fitly disposed to submit to the wise besides, I was really sorry I could not and merciful dispensations of the great

scribble as you told me you designed I

should, not only that I might please myGod. I mean to keep your friend Chesterfield's letter ; and hope you will make self with remembering ! had done you good his character in all accidents of your I might have prevailed for the laying by a

some little service at parting, but possibly life. From the sharpest trials good Lord

smart word or so, which will now pass preserve us, if it may be. I guess my lord will be soon in town; pray present my eleven years, by making such a sacrifice to

current, unless you will oblige a wife, after duty to him. Our girls are very well : we were altogether at the farm-house this her now and then, upon occasions offered. day. They are plastering the granary: Oxford, though it is not noon ; but being

I hope, as I write this, you are safe near Pray keep good hours, and take care of hackney coaches. Believe me your tague House, I thought this the best time

to meet Lady Inchiquin at dinner at Monobedient wife,

R. RUSSELL."

to dispatch this affair with pleasure. If The twentieth letter is from Lon- any thing offers itself, fit to be inserted, I don to Oxford, and here the clouds shall gladly do it ; but I doubt it. Charl

ton going to-day to his lady's at Barnet, he begin to thicken.

Lord Russell had promised me, if he knew any thing before gone down to attend that Parliament he set out, he would impart it

. Lord Caat Oxford which began with such evil vendish keeps a soldierat liis back still. auguries, and was so abruptly dis- Vendome, another nephew, is come over; missed. Lady Russell appears to have so they say he shall take Lord Cavendish's had a very just idea of the duties concern ; but fighting must be in the end : which, in extreme cases, are incum- what Lord Mordant has done can never be bent on a woman of sense and spirit, put up; nor he will not submit

. We con. and allowed capacity. She

clude nothing but the great Earl of Ayles

appears, with all feminine modesty and do- bury can assist this matter ; he must come

up of necessity. mestic quietness, to have confined herself to the ordinary paths of occu- praise God, is very good. Master improves

“ The report of our nursery, I humbly pation and enjoyment, till particular really, I think, every day. Sure he is a exigencies called forth the more mas- goodly child; the more I see of others, the culine powers of her mind to the as better he appears: I hope God will give sistance and support of her beloved. him life and virtue. Misses and their She appears never to have obtruded mamma walked yesterday after dinner to herself till required, and never to have see their cousin Alington. Miss Kate shrunk back when urged by the cir- wished she might see him ; so I gratified cumstances of the times to obey the her little person. Unless I see cause to dictates of stern necessity. Unmed- add a note, this is all at this time from

R. RUSSELL. dling and unpretending, the judguent yours only entirely

“ Look to your pockets : a printed paand civil courage which she displayed in the terrible exigencies that proved to them, and then witnesses to swear."

per says you will have fine papers put inthe strength of her character, had the effect of making her the object of un We close, rather reluctantly, these bounded confidence and respect to all extracts, with the twenty-fourth, in who knew her. Thus, while these ot- the end of which there is a hint of ficious and restless characters, who, enemies and ill wishers, which shows quitting the true sphere of female ex- the storm that wrecked her peace was cellence, live upon notoriety, were then gathering ; but has still that shunned and dreaded, the seclusion wholesome tone of undecaying affecin which she took shelter to weep in tion and thorough confidence which secret, could not prevent the great and animates the whole correspondence,

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