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There is one singularity about this Tech. And that made vs the friends of
Tamburlaine, play which merits observation, and that is, that, unlike by far the greater To lift our swords against the Persean number of historical plays of that pe
Vsum. For as when Ioue did thrust old riod, it is divided with much exact
Saturn down, ness into acts and scenes. Tambur
Neptune and Dis gain'd each of them a laine first overcomes Mycetes, King
crowne, of Persia, and subsequently his bro- So do we hope to raigne in Asia, ther Cosroe, who took upon himself If Tamburlaine be plac'd in Persza. the government. The following is Cos. The strangest men that euer Napart of a scene immediately after ture made! wards, in which Tamburlaine, with I know not how to take their tyrannies. subtlety, justifies his usurpation by My bloodlesse bodie waxeth chill and colde, high authority and natural impulses.
And with my blood my life slides through
my wound; Enter to the Battel, and after the Battel My soule begins to take her fight to hell,
enter Cosroe wounded, Theridamas, Tam. And summones all my senses to depart : burlaine, Techelles,' Vsumcasane, with The heat and moisture which did feed each others.
For want of nourishment to feed them both, Cos. Barbarous and bloody Tamburlaine, Is drie and colde; and now doth gastly Thus to deprive me of my crown and life !
death, Treacherous and false Theridamas,
With greedie tallents, gripe my bleeding Euen at the morning of my happie state,
hart, Scarce being seated in my royall throne,
And like a harpye tires on my life. To worke my downfall and vntimely end.
Theridamas and Tamburlaine, I die, An vncouth paine torments my grieued And fearefull vengeaunce light vpon you soule,
both ! And death arrests the organe of my voyce, Who ent’ring at the breach thy sword hath offensive, nothing revolting to come
Now, in all this there is nothing made, Sackes euery uaine and artier of my heart. mon sense, nothing that is not proper Bloodie and insatiate Tamburlaine !
to the characters in the situations in Tam. The thirst of raigne and sweetnes which they are placed ; if any thing, of a crowne,
the language is rather too cold instead That caus'd the eldest sonne of heauenly of being too fervid, while the artful Ops
and artificial justification of himself To thrust his doting father from his chaire, by Tamburlaine might be objected to And place himselfe in the Emperiall hea- by a fastidious few as out of place, if uen,
it be not out of character. These reMoou'd me to menage armes against thy marks will not apply to the succeedWhat better president than mightie Ioue ? ing extract from Act IV. scene 2,
where the hero, having conquered his Nature, that fram'd vs of foure elements, Warring within our breasts for regiment,
greatest enemy, Bajazet, carries him Doth teach vs all to haue aspyring minds : about in an iron cage, and compels the Our soules, whose faculties can compre. wretched Turk to bend his body as a hend
footstool to enable Tamburlaine to The wondrous architecture of the world, mount his throne. And measure euery wand'ring planet's course,
Tamburlaine, Techelles, Theridamas, Vs. Still climbing after knowledge infinite, umcasane, Zenocrate, Anippx, two Moores And alwaies mouing as the restless spheares, drawing Baiazeth in his cage, and his Wills vs to weare our selves, and neuer Wife following him. Vntil we reach the ripest fruites of all, Tamb. Bring out my footstoole. That perfect blisse and sole felicitie,
( They take him out of the cage. The sweet fruition of an earthly crowne. Bai. Ye holy priests of heavenly MahoTher. And that made me to ioyne with met, Tamburlaine,
That, sacrificing, slice and cut your flesh, For he is grosse, and like the massie earth Staining his altars with your purple blood, That moues not vpwards, nor by princely Make heauen to frowne and euery fixed deeds
starre Doth meane to soare aboue the highest To sucke vp poison from the Moorish fens,
And poure in this glorious tyrant's throat.
Tamb. The chiefest God, first moouer of what was wanting in the scenery and that spheare,
dresses, he was, in a manner, bound Enchac'd with thousands euer shining to make up for in the glitter and glare lamps,
of description. As for any rhodomonWill sooner burne the glorious frame of tades put into the mouth of Tambur
heauen, Then should it so conspire my ouerthrow. laine, (for they are confined almost But, villaine, thou that wishest this to me, exclusively to him,) they are not half Fall prostrate on the low disdainful earth, so exaggerated and wind-swollen as And be the footstoole of great Tambur. the sentiments Dryden has in many laine,
places given to his favourite AlmanThat I may rise vnto my royall throne. zor in “ The Conquest of Grenada.” Bai. First shalt thou rip my bowels with Nathan Lee's “ Alexander the Great” thy sword,
has also gone beyond it in several well And sacrifice my soule to death and hell, known instances; and if Marlow has Before I yield to such a slauery. Tamb. Base villain, vassal, slaue to Tam- represented his hero as drawn in his
car by captive princes, he but comburlaine, Vnworthy to imbrace or touch the ground plied with the popular notion of the That beares the honor of my royall weight. truth of history, as far as either was
character of Tamburlaine and the Sloope, villaine, stoope, stoope ; for so he bids
known to audiences at theatres. I That may command thee peecemeale to be will venture to assert, that there is torne,
nothing from the beginning to the Or scattered like the lofty cedar trees end of the two parts of Tamburlaine Strooke with the voice of thund'ring Inpi. to compare with the absurd, not to ter.
say ridiculous speeches of Cethegus Bai. Then as I looke downe to the in' Ben Jonson's “ Catiline.” How damned feends,
often has Lucan been lashed for the Feends looke on mee, and thou dread God inflated and disgusting picture he has
of hell, With eban scepter strike this hateful earth, given of the slaughters of Marius and And make it swallow both of vs at once.
Sylla; but Ben Jonson has not only [He gets vp vpon him to his chaire. put the whole of it into the mouth Tam. Now cleare the triple region of of Cethegus, but he has out-heroded the aire,
Herod in the accumulation of bloated And let the maiestie of heauen behold epithets and offensive impossibilities. Their scourge and terrour treade on Em. I could easily verify what is stated by perours :
quotations, but they would lead us Smile stars that raign'd at my natiuity, And dim the brightnesse of their neighbor necessary. Recollecting, with Dray
out of the way, and are perhaps unlamps; Disdaine to borrow light of Cynthia,
ton, that Marlow's “ raptures were For I the chiefest lamp of all the earth,
all air and fire," and that he was giftFirst rising in the east with mild aspect,
ed with that “ fine madness," with But fixed now in the meridian line, which poets' brains ought to be posWill send vp fire to your turning spheares, sessed, we may read the subsequent And cause the sun to borrow light of you. description of Zenocrate, the mistress
of Tamburlaine, with much admiraIt is not to be denied that this ad- tion. dress of Tamburlaine is extravagant, perhaps bombastic; but besides the Ah faire Zenocrate, diuine Zenocrate, author's purpose to surprise by strik- Faire is too foule an epithite for thee, ing novelty, we ought to take into ac- That in thy passion for thy countries loue, count the country in which his scene And feare to see thy kingly father's harme, principally lies--Persia—the seat of With haire discheiveld wipst thy watery
cheeks: grandeur and luxury; and in order to keep up mere probability, accord- And like to Flora in her morning's pride, ing to existing notions, Marlow was Rain'st on the earth resolued pearle in
Shaking her siluer tresses in the aire, obliged to make his language corre
showers, spond with the nature of the clime, And sprinklest saphyrs on thy shining face, and the dignity of the characters re- Where beauty, mother to the muses, sits presented, as far as the properties of And comments volumes with her iuory the theatre would allow in the utmost
pen. gorgeousness of oriental splendour: If all the pens that euer poets held,
Had fed the feeling of their maister's “ The Pages for Mind and Heart;" thoughts,
but, when we had learned the usual And euery sweetnes that inspir'd their nature of their contents, we generally, heartes,
if we sought political news, took up Their mindes, and muses on admyred the “Opposition Paper," or the Hamtheames;
burgh, Bremen, or Frankfort news. If all the heauenly quintessence they stil From their immortal Rowers of poesy,
papers. If we sought literary and Wherein as in a myrrour we perceiue
theatrical information, we had recourse The highest reaches of the humaine wit, to the Morning Paper ; † and if we If these had made one poems period,
were desirous to collect scraps of a And all combin'd in beauties worthynesse, scientific and general nature, we read Yet should there hover in their restlesse the “ Isis, or Encyclopædiacal News heads,
paper.” # There are probably as many One thought, one grace, one wonder at the periodicals in Germany as in America; least,
and we never had any liking for the Which into words no vertuc can digest.
Stamp Act till we discovered, by these Nor is the whole of this play mere- two countries, in which no such reguly“ in King Cambises vein:" there lation as applied to journals exists, are parts that have considerable pa- how much this inimitable measure thos, more especially the scenes be- curbs the ready pens of authors. We tween the unfortunate Bajazet and do not intend to furnish our readers his queen Zabina, and the interview with a catalogue of German periodiof Tamburlaine with certain virgins cals, but merely to notice a very fer in deep mourning, who, like Volum- of a single class. The great difference nia and the Roman ladies in Corio- between the contents of American and lanus, throw themselves at the feet of German journals is, that the former the conqueror to induce him to spare are nearly exclusively political, the Damascus. At present, however, no latter almost wholly literary and scienspace is left for further extracts or tific. We even think we trace far less observations, and a notice of the se- political matter, and less freedom of cond part of this play, with a few re- remark, in the reviews we recently re
• Edward II.” the ceived, than they were wont to con“ Massacre of Paris," and some other tain-as if the congress of Carlsbad dramatic pieces by Marlow, must be and the tribunal at Manheim had alreserved for next month.
ready bound with their icy chains the
I. P. C. whole stream of German thought. London, May 1820.
We are acquainted with no German reviews of equal merit with the Halle, the Jena, and the Leipsic, Universal Literary Journals ; § and of these that
published at Jena has the merit of No, II.
being most liberal. It is edited by
the Geheime Hofrath Eichstädt."li We never found any thing disa- All these are large quartos, each congreeable in any of those subscription
taining on an average 215 closely reading-rooms which collect and a- printed half pages, published monthmuse the inhabitants of every town in ly: They review new books, and supGermany, but the too great number ply literary information of every speof journals scattered on their tables. cies, including the death or promoOur attention was so much distracted
Blätter für Herz und Geist, by the various claims of these, that
+ Das Morgen Blatt. half the short space we could allot to Isis, ou Encyclopedisch Zeitung.glance over thein was lost before we Published at Weimar, and edited by Procould determine with which we should fessor Oken. begin. We were sometimes seduced § Allgemeine Literature Zeitung. One by such flattering titles as the “News- under the same title is published at each of paper for the Elegant World,"
these towns. « The Entertaining Journal,” +-or
|| We have no titles which correspond to the innumerable marks of distinction which
are added as an honour to, or, according to • Zeitung für die Elegante Welt. the German phrase, “ laid by," (heyge→ Unterhaltungs Blatt.
leght,) the names of celebrated men.
tion of literary men. We are in pos- much notice. It was the result also session only of the Halle and Jena of a momentary illness and melanjournals up to January, and from them choly, Neither of these illustrious we shall furnish up the present article. authors, in the maturity of their ge
The Germans are certainly improv- nius, ever wrote any thing resembling ing in taste. A musical tragic-comic these ; yet, of all their numerous proquodlibet has been written, for the ductions, these alone have become popurpose of laughing at the celebrated pular in our country. Already Mr Ahnfrau, or Ancestress, of Mr Grill- Müllner, the most celebrated living parzer, and, as the reviewer calls dramatic author, in his own remarks them, the rest of the “unholy tra- on Guilt, has shown he is half discongedies of fatalism."* Unfortunately, tented with this production; and he does not enable us to judge of the he disliked his “Twenty-ninth of piece ; he merely says it is rich in both February” so much, as to censure it humour and wit, and a thousand tiines himself in his Almanack for the Theamore valuable than the tragedies it ric tre, and as to give it quite a different dicules. Mr Clovenfoot, Gaspar Iron- and a happier termination. Already, teeth, a four-footed Spanish devil, and too, has Mr Grillparzer left the wild a modern German poetess, can, we are horrors of the melo-drama for the mopersuaded, from their names and cha- notonous regularity of French tragedy. racters, be fit vehicles only for very Since the Ahnfrau, he has written a dull common jokes. This is neither the play called Sappho; and we have no first nor the only work which has suc- doubt, should he ever attain celebrity cessfully ridiculed the love in German as an author, he will equally, with poets and German audiences for melo- Schiller and Müllner, condemn the dramatic horrors. A drama, unfit, first flight of his frantic muse. however, for representation, called
Whether it is that foreigners are gea “ The Stocking of Fate," † has been nerally incapable of seizing the finer read, laughed over, and admired by al- shades of thought and the tenderer most all Germany. Potier, in his ad- emotions which are found in the doinirable representation of the unhappy mestic literature of every cultivated Werter, did not more excite the mirth people, or whether it is that our own of the Parisians than the Mr Fatals $ taste is already too much perverted to have made the Germans laugh at the scenes of cruelty, we will not decide ; Ancestress and at the Guilt of Müll- but it is certain that we have translatner. We are sorry to observe the ed only the most horrific parts of Gerwaste of genius and eloquence with man literature, and have neglected its which these productions of the Ger- more gentle and kindlier productions, man muse, of which every sensible Thus the greater part of the animated German is ashamed, have lately been and truly glorious poems of Schiller, brought forward as worthy of the no- his beautifully poetical histories of the tice and admiration of the British pub- thirty years' war, and of the separalie. Indeed, we may remark in gene- tion of the Netherlands from Spain, ral, that most of the writers who have his William Tell,--and his Maria translated works from the German Stuart,-ire almost unknown to the have, in some measure, done that lan Englislı reailer. Thus also the horrid guage and people discredit in the mind story of the Erl König of Goethe, and of the English reader, by choosing the still more horrid Leonore of Bürwhat may be called the wild shoots ger, have both found a translator in of German literature for the objects of one of the most eminent of our poets. their labours. The Robbers of Schil. But the little poem of the former auler was the production of his boiling thor in one of our late Numbers is one youth, which he regarded in his after of a very few attempts which have life as unworthy of his reputation been made to render into our language The Sorrows of Werter was the very any of his very tender and beautifirst of Goethe's works which excited. ful smaller pieces; and we believe it
is only, too, in our pages that any Jenaishe Allgemeine Literature Zeit.
one has ever thought of giving spe
cimens of the broad and characterisung. Sept. 1819. + Das Schicksals Strümpf.
tic humour of Bürger. The producThis work remains anonymious, but the authors styled themselves the “* Gebrü Soe Numbers for October and Novem der Fatales."
tions of Goethe of a soft and tender hero has his skull clove down to the nature are so numerous and so excel- very neck, and he afterwards rises lent, that we hardly know which of from the dead. As the author seems, them to select to illustrate our opi- in general, anxious to account for nion. Perhaps “ Der Gott und die Ba- every appearance, we have no doubt hadere” is as pleasing and tender a he explains, in a satisfactory manner, poem for a short fiction as can be the reunion of the two parts of the found in the compass of our own lite- head. The reviewer, however, has ratare. And we have no hesitation unfortunately left us in the dark on in saying, that “ Der Abt und der this subject, or we should have graleKäiser" of Bürger is as good a speci- fully imported the knowledge for the men of broad humour as is to be found benefit of our own writers. The in any language. We are persuaded, German author is a professor, and a if the illustrious poet who, in his man of learning, and he appears to youth, translated the Erl König and have adopted this agreeable form of Leonore, were now to translate from writing as a vehicle for his philologithe German, that he would not select cal and etymological knowledge. He these monstrous fictions ; and we has appended in long notes his learntrust the ingenious translator of Mül- ing to his wit, and has scarcely used ner will yet light upon productions any extraordinary word without exmore worthy of his fine powers of ex- plaining to his readers its origin and pression. Indeed we believe, by such accurate meaning. We have receutly “ ugly-headed monsters" having been acquired, by the assistance of our so often selected by youthful authors, poets, no despicable acquaintance with à more unfavourable opinion of Ger- the manners of the East, and of our man literature than it merits has been own ancestors. This gentleman teaches formed by the British public.
his readers philology in a tale. We We have in the same review, how- have been taught politics in novels
, ever, a sufficient proof that German and geology in poems, and we have authors are not yet fully cured. Mr no doubt that we shall soon learn maOchlenschläger, 'we are informed, has thematics in some agreeable fiction. published his drama, entitled “ Lud- The bards will be restored to all their lam's Höhle,” which is said to resem ancient honours, and will not merely ble the Ahnfrau. And if it had amuse, but, as heretofore, instruet not nearly equal success, it was not mankind. And when we have ex. owing to any deficiency in horror. changed hoary professors for youthWe are pleased to learn that this piece ful poets, there can be no question failed, though much was done for it that the acquisition of knowledge will by the dresses of the Highlanders. be, at least to one sex, no longer a The scene is laid in Scotland; and the toil, but a pleasure. German misses have since taken pains From knowing it to be Goethe's to ascertain if the garments which de- fantastical opinion, that, after a man lighted them so much are in daily arrives at the age of thirty, he can
We shall not be surprised if never acquire a new idea, and that all they should become enthusiastic the after period of his life must be tourists, and cross the sea to visit our employed in working up the materials mountains and their brave inhabitants. he had before acquired, we really did And we shall be very much surprised, not expect to meet this veteran in a after this exhibition on all the theatres new corner of the field of literature. of Germany, if some of the Princes Our readers have, perhaps, no accu. do not change a regiment of Croats or rate knowledge of what Goethe has Uhlans into Highlanders.
performed ; and, before saying any Bad customs circulate with rapidi- thing of his new work, therefore, we ty. In the same review, a romance shall embrace this opportunity of inin verse is mentioned, entitled “ The forming them, as far as our memory Inward Voice,"* in which the principal serves us. We believe there is neither
living nor dead an example, except Adelheid von Bergau, oder innere Voltaire, of an author attempting so Stimmung, Eine Roman, von G. Fereyherr many subjects as Goethe has attemptvon Seckendorf, Dr. und Prof. am Collegio ed, and, at the same time, attaining Carolina, zu Braunschweig. Jenaische Åll so large a share of popularity for some Literature Zeitung for September 1819. of his performances. He has enrichi