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the Judge; and, although they were ap- of the police, and apprehension of some of prised that sentence of death must follow the conspirators. upon their plea, yet they were permitted to Hydon (the man who divulged the plot understand that a more lenient ultimate to Lord Harrowby) deposed, that immedoom was likely to await them. The tre- diately upon the assassination of Ministers men dous sentence of the law was then pas- being effected, the houses of Lords Castle. sed upon the whole, and they were removed reagh, Sidmouth, and Harrowby, the Duke from the bar.
of Wellington, Bishop of London, &c. The great body of evidence against the were to be set on fire ; that these fires prisoners (for it was similar in each sepa were to be exterded, and kept up for three rate case) arose from the testimony of four nights and days, with the view of distractaccomplices Robert Adams, Thomas Hy- ing public attention, while the Provisional don, John Monument, and Thomas Dwy- Government was arranging its measures at er; but they were corroborated by other their Palace, the Mansion House. Hydon witnesses in many important points. All said also, that he understood several parties the prisoners were identified with the con were prepared to rise as soon as the first spiracy in some of its stages ; and the blow was struck. whole of its ramifications were most dis Dwyer, in the course of a similar recital, tinctly elicited by the examination of stated that he was appointed to go with a Adams. He detailed with accuracy the party to the Foundling Hospital, where proceedings that took place at each meet- they were to knock at the lodge, put a pising of the conspirators, prior to their as- tol to the porter's breast, and then seize sembling in Cato Street, on the celebrater 25 stand of arms kept there. He commuevening of the 23d of February, for the nicated these proceedings to Major James, avowed purpose of going to the residence by whom he was sent to the Secretary of of Earl Harrowby, in Grosvenor Square, State's Office. where they had determined to assassinate The Police Officers proved the apprethe whole of his Majesty's Ministers, (thir- bending of the conspirators in Cato Street ; teen in number,) whom they expected to and Ruthven positively swore to Thistlefind met there at a Cabinet dinner. On wood being the person who murdered the prior communication of this expected Smithers, by running him through the meeting, at one of their deliberations, the body with a long sword. witness stated, that Brunt exultingly ex This witness (Adams) gave the followclaimed, “ I'll be hang'd if I don't believe ing account of himself on his cross-examinow that there is a God; I have often pray- nation. I was born at Ipswich ; I am ed that these thieves might be brought to
now a Christian. There was a time I was gether, in order that they might be de. not a Christian ; I was what they termed stroyed together; and now God has answer a Deist. I renounced Christianity, and ed my prayer !” Ings offered to enter the believed only in God. I recommenced room first, with a brace of pistols, a cutlass, Christian after 23d of February, and my and a knife in his pocket, and with a deter- faith as a Christian last August. I never mination to cut off every liead there, and pronounced my disbelief in God-nor ever to bring away Lord Castlereagh's and Lord denied Christ, till I read that cursed work Sidmouth's heads in a bag, which he was
of Paine's! to have for the purpose.
He said he would The prisoners were found guilty on the say on entering the room, “ Well, my third and fourth counts of the indictment, Lords, I have got as good men here as the charging them with levying war against Manchester Yeomanry! Enter citizens, and the king, and with assembling with intent do your duty !" On this signal froin Ings, to assassinate the members of the Privy two swordsmen, followed by others with Council, with a view to compel his Majespikes and pistols, were to come in, and to ty to change his measures. fall to work murdering as fast as they Before sentence was pronounced, each could. After the execution of this diabolic of the prisoners addressed the Court in cal business, other parties were to set fire long speeches, the effect of which was to to the King Street barracksto take pos- impugn the evidence of Adams, the accomsession of two cannon that were in Gray's plice ; and to assert that they had been Inn Lane, and six at the Artillery Ground, entrapped and led on to the conspiracy by which were to be planted at the Mansion one Edwards, a spy, who was among the House, and a fire opened upon it, if it list of witnesses, but had not been called should refuse to surrender to their sum- in Court. This man, they declared, planmons, for the purpose of being converted ned all their proceedings, and furnished into the seat of a Provisional Government- them with money to purchase the warlike an attack was then to be made on the Bank instruments found in Cato Street, when of England, the funds to be removed, but they were apprehended. Gilchrist cried the books to be preserved, as evidence of bitterly, and declared that lie knew nothing the
villany of the country for years past. of the plans of his fellow prisoners, until - The witness finally spoke of the arrival he was introduced to them on the afternoon
of their apprehension ; that at that time a hardened smile. There was a partial he had been nearly two days without food, cheering when he made his appearance. and had borrowed a halfpenny to buy Ings then came out. The conduct of bread, from the person who led him to this man was truly horrible. The moCato Street; and that when he discovered meat he had taken his station, he moved their purposes to be illegal, he wished to his head to and fro, and cried “ Huzza !" leave the loft, but was prevented by the three times. He then commenced singing, witness Adams, who threatened with a “O give me death of liberty!" Here drawn sword to run him through if he of- there was a partial cheering from the top fered to depart.
of the Old Bailey. He continued now and Exccution of the Conspirators.-At a then exclaiming, “ Here we go my lads. meeting of the Privy Council on Saturday you see the last remains of James Ingsthe 29th, the sentence of death passcd up- remember I die the enemy of tyranny, and on the six last named conspirators was would sooner die in chains than live in changed to that of transportation for life, slavery.” When Mr Cotton addressed him, with the exception of Gilclirist, who was he said laughingly, “ I am not afraid to go tespited during pleasure, and who, it is ex. before God and man;" then addressing pected, will get off with a much more leni. the executioner, he exclaimed, " Now old ent punishment. At the same time a war- gentleman, finish me tidy! Put the halter rant was signed for the execution of the a little tighter, it might slip!” He then, five convicted criminals on Monday morn as well as he could, waved a handkerchief ing on the roof of Newgate. With the three times, and said he hoped Mr Cotton exception of Davidson, the man of colour, would give him a good character. He who, after the warrant was intimated to laughed on looking at the coffins, and said, him, seemed to awaken to a sense of his turning his back on them, “ I'll turn my situation, and gladly received the conso back upon death! Is this the gallows they lations of religion, the others behaved with always use? Those coffins are for us, I the niost harlened depravity ; avowing suppose !”—Tidd, who stood next him, themselves confirmed Deists, and threat and had the moment before been in coniening, as it were, defiance both to God and versation with Thistlewood, turned about
and said, “ Don't Ings." There is no use in On the morning of Monday the 1st in- all this noise. We can do without making stant, the necessary preparations were com a noise !” When the executioner threw the pleted, for putting into execution the rope round the beam, Ings said—“Give me dreadful sentence of the law. This sen. a better fall; the others won't have fall tence was, that they should be hanged una enough.” When the executioner put on til dead, and afterwards their heads to be the cap, Ings said—“I have got a cap of cut off, and their bodies divided into quar. my own; put it over this night-cap, and ters. The last and most revolting part was I'll thank you.” The executioner proceed. remitted by the king, in signing the war- ed to do so; but Ings said " It will do rant for their execution. When the irons when we are going off'; let me see as long were displaced, and their hands secured in as I can." He then pushed the cap fronı the usual way, the prisoners were led to the his eyes. The others had raised the caps entrance of the prison ; and, at a quarter be- from their eyes.-Ings exclaimed, turning fore eight o'clock cxactly, Thistlewood came to a person belonging to the public press, on the scaffold. He walked with a firm step, who was taking notes, “ I die an enemy and appeared perfectly collected. He look- to all tyrants-recollect and put that down. ed round upon the crowd and bowed twice. Do it now, my young man; I know you. His demeanour was serious and becoming Don't forget me. Come, now." He then his situation. While the final arrange. smiled and bowed. Then, after a pause, le ments were making by the executioner, added, “ I am not afraid to go before God Mr Cotton stood beside the wretched man, or man-I know there is a God and I and continued exhorting him to pray, and hope he'll be merciful.” Again Tidd turualso put some question, if he repented of ed round to Ings, and, as it appeared, at his crimes; he exclaimed several times, the suggestion of Thistlewool, requested " No: not at all !" He was also heard to that he would not continue the noise. say, “ I shall soon know the last grand Mr Cotton approached Tidd and Ings, secret :" and added, “I have but a few but they turned away from him. Ings moments to live ; I hope you will report smiled at his interference, but Tidd turned to all the world that I died a sincere friend round to Thistlewood and spoke a fer to liberty.” He then bowed to a gentle words, in which he complained of the inman who stood near the railings, and re clination of the Ordinary to break in on peated the above words, as he had fre- their last moments. quently seen that individual at public Davidson, the man of colour, came out meetings.
His behaviour presented a pleasing Tidd was the next brought up. He ran contrast to that of his companions. His swiftly up the steps, and bowed round, with deportment was mild, yet firm, and he
prayed with great fervency. When he block, a surgeon, as it is supposed, disstepped upon the scaffold, he said to those guised in a rough jacket and trowsers, and within, “ God bless you all! good bye." a mask on his face, appeared with his amHe joined in the Lord's prayer, and said, putating knife, and the head was almost “ God bless the King !" He repeatedly momentarily severed from the body, and expressed great penitence for his crimes. given to the executioner's assistant, who
Brunt came out last. He said very lit- held it up by the hair, and turning north tle, but was as hardened as any of the rest. and south, and then to the front of the He said just before he came out, that he scaffold, exclaimed three times, 's This is had no snuff-box, but he had some snuff the head of Arthur Thistlemoood, a traitor." in his waistcoat pocket, and requested some The body with the head was then placed in stander-by to get some out for him, as his a coffin. The same ceremony was performhands were tied. This was done, and he ed with Tidd, Ings, Davidson, and Brunt, took it with great coolness. He said he in succession. The operation was performwondered where they would put him, but ed with great skill, and in as short a time he supposed that it' would be somewhere as possible. The operator was loudly histhat he would sleep well. He added that sed and groaned at by the mob, and some he would make a present of his body to atrocious expressions were applied to him. King George the Fourth.
The universal groans, accompanied by Thistlewood, just before he was turned some female shrieks, when he first comoff, said, in a low tone to a person just un menced upon Thistlewood, had an awful der the scaffold, “ I have now but a few effect. The bodies were soon after removed moments to live, and I hope the world will to a room in the prison. The execution think that I have at least been sincere in occupied an hour and eight minutes. The my endeavours."
person who wore the mask, and who perAt about six minutes after eight the sig- formed the decollations, is the same pernal was given by Mr Cotton, and the un. son who beheaded Despard and his assohappy men were launched into eternity. ciates. Thistlewood died almost without a struggle. Circuit Intelligence.-South Circuit, Ings struggled extremely, and appeared to Ayr.-The Court sat here on the 10th suffer much.
April. Two men were sentenced to imWhen the bodies had been suspended prisonment for 12 months, one for theft, exactly half an hour, the executioner and and another for poaching; and a third was an assistant appeared on the scaffold to pre sentenced to seven years transportation for pare for the revolting ceremony of decapi- theft. Eli Gill, a private in the 1st royal cation. Thistlewood was first cut down, veteran battalion, was accused of culpable and being placed with his head on the homicide, but acquitted by the jury.
APPOINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c.
Commissioner to the General Assembly of the I. CIVIL.
Church of Scotland, March 22. The honour of Knighthood conferred on Garret Neville, Esq. High Sheriff of Dub
II. ECCLESIASTICAL. lin; and Richard Ouky, Esj. one of his Majesty's April 27. The second Associate Burgher ConJudges of the Island of Ceylon,
gregation, Albion Street, Glasgow, gave a unaniApril 8. The Right Honourable David Boyle, mous call to Mr Michael Willis, preacher, to be Lord Justice Clerk of Scotland, sworn one of his their pastor. Majesty's Privy Council.
May 3. Mr William Limont, preacher, ordainMajor-General Sir Benjamin D'Urban, K. C.B.
ed minister of the Relief Cougregation at Kilaarto be Govemor in Chief of the Islands of Antigua nock. and Montserrat.
15. Honourable Frederick Lamb, to be Ambassador to the Princes of the Germanic Confedera
III. MILITARY. tion at Frankfort.
7 Dr. Lieut. Douglas, to be Capt. by purch. Brook Taylor, Esq. to be Ambassador at the
vice Mayne, ret. 29th Mar. 1920, Court of Bavaria.
Wildman, to be Capt. by purch. Alexander Cockburn, Esq. to be Ambassador
vice Heyliger, ret.
30th do. at the Court of Wurtemberg.
Cornet Hul, Lieut. by purch. ooth do. Charles Richard Vaughan, Esq. to be Secretary
Chichester, Lieut. by purchi. of Embassy at Paris.
suth do. Lionel Hervey, Esq. to be Secretary of Embassy
Broadhead, Corct by purch. do. at Madrid.
Portinm, Coronet by purch. 20. The honour of Knighthood conferred on
13th April John Connell, Esq. Judge of the High (ourt of 10 Ensign Visc. Beauchamp, fm. 1 W. 1. R. Admiralty in Scotland.
Cornet, vice M. of Carmarthen, h. p. 21. The Earl of Morton, to be his Majesty's
W. 1. Rang.
11 Cornet Lord T. Cecil, fm. 10 Dr. Licut.
Exchanges. by purch. vice Arbuthnot, 28 F.
30th March Capt. Bowers, fm. 23 F. with Bt. Major Smith, 14 C. Musgrave, Cornet by purch. vice Car h. p. Sicilian Regt. ruthers, ret.
Close, fm, 5 Dr. Gds, with Capt. Enderby, 15
Webb, fm. 1 Dr. with Capt. Wm. Cox, R.Wag. Tr. Lt. Col. Sir G. Scovell, K. C. B. fm.
Rifle Brig. h. p. Staff C. of Cav. Lt.-Col, Comm. Pitts, fm. 43 F. re. dift. with Capt. Jackvice Hamilton, dead
23d do. son, h. p. 94 F. 1 F. Lieut. Campbell, Capt. vice Logan, 9 Vet. Fitz-Gerald, fm. 2 W. I. R. with Capt. Bn.
Stepney, h. p. 4 W. I. R.
Pictet, fm. 5 F. Lieut, vice Camp Whalley, fm, 25 F. rec. diff, with Capt. bell
Ross, h. p. 14 F.
5th do. Piper, h. p. 100 P.
Crosbie, fin. 21 F. with Capt. Moray, h. 5 Gent. Cadet C. Wood, fm, Mil. Coll. En
7 Dr. sign, vice Pictet, 1 F.
6th do. Lieut. Peers, fm. 2 Dr. G. with Lieut. Caldwell, 23
Capt. Rentoul, fm. h. p. 52 F. Capt. vice 80 F.
13th do, Atkin, fm. 61 F. with Lieut. Smith, h. p. · Farquharson, Major by purch. vice
58 F. Shearmai, ret.
Cresswell, fm. 88 F. with Lieut. Walpole, 31 Ensign Shaw, Adj. & Lieut. vice Shaw, h.
3F. G. 5 Vet. Bn.
Stephens, fm. I F. with Lieut. Ebhart, h. A. Shaw, Ensign
bart, h. p. 11 Dr. F. Close, Ensign
Ross, fin, 3 Dr. G. with Cornet Currie, h. 18 Lieut. Thompson, fm. h. p. Lieutenant p. 25 Dr.
23 Mar, Ensign Gibbs, fm. 92 F. with 2 Lieut, Spratt, h. Croker, fm. b. p. Lieut. do. p. 3 ('eylou Regt. Gordon, fm. h. p. 3. F, G. Lieut.
Resignation; and Retirements.
Licut. Col. Shearman, 26 F. 49 W. Browne, Ensign by purch. vice San.
Capt. Mayne, 7 Dr. ders, pro.
Heyliger, 7 Dr.
Comet Carruthers, 14 Dr.
12th April Ensign Turner, 66 F.
Van Ryneweld, 72 F.
Lieut. Gen. Elliot, late of Royal Mar,
15th do. 66 A. de Fountain, Ensign by purch. vice
Maj. Gen. Keinmis, late of 10 F. Cheltenham Turner, ret. 30th Mar.
21 April 18.11 72 J. Frith, Ensign, vice Van Ryneveld, res.
Mudge, J. Roy. Art. London 17th da 6th April
Lieut. Col. Shearman, 26 F. Gibraltar 8th Mar. 78 Ensign Forbes, Lieut. vice Mackenzie,
Major Tyler, Roy. Art. Gibraltar
4th do 8 Yet. Bn.
Courtenay, h. p. Nova Scotia Fenc. Box
8th Jan. 83 Ensign Dwyer, Lieut. vice Baldwin, 50 F.
Capt. Duport, Roy. Art. Demarary do.
25th Dec. 1819. A. S, Young, Ensign
Mandeville, 58 F. Berhampore, Bengal 84 Ensign Worth, Lieut. by purch. vice
18th April 1821. S. S. Sealy, Ensign by purch.
Emis, Roy. Mar. 28th Dec. 1819. 88 Ensign Ashmore, Lieut, vice Mitchell,
Lieut. Nath. Cavenagh, h. p. Roy. Art. Trinidad 8 Vet. Bn. 13th do.
12th Oct. H. W. Knox, Ensign
Souper, h. p. York Chass, Trinidad 90 T. W. Eyles, Ensign 30th Mar.
16th Dee. nsign Wilson, Lieut. vice Conry, pro.
Hield, 2 W. I. R. Isle de Loss, Africa
2d Jan, 1820. F. H. Bucheridge, Ensign
Granger, 1 R. Vet. Bn. 1 W. I. R. Ensign Miller, îm. h. p. W. I. Rang.
Hales, W. 1. R. Sierra Leone 19th do, Ensign, vice Visc. Beauchamp, 10 Dr.
Grant, h. p. 100 F.
14th Dec, 1819. 230 Mar.
Thiede, h. p. Bruns, Inf. 3d Dec. 1818. 9 Dawson, Lieut, vice Hield, dead
Roberts, late 5 R. Vet. Bn. Alderney 50th do.
30th Dec, 1819, Olpherts, Lieut, vice Hailes, dead
Cornet Over, h. p. Wag. Train, London 13th April
Ist Mar. 1820. H. Dely, Ensign
Quar. Mast. Perry, h. p. New Romney Fen. W. M'Vicar, Ensign 13th April
31st Oct. 1813. R. Art. Bt. Col. Maclean, Colonel 21th Feb,
Page, h. p. Somerset Fenc. Exeter Lt. Col. Boger, fm, h. p. Lieut. Col. do.
4th Dee. Capt, Alms, fin. h. p. Captain
do: Surgeon Redmond, 54 F. Cape of Good Hope. 1st Lt. Jones, 2d Captain do.
24th Jan. 1821. Witts, 2d Captain
25th do. Poole, fm. h. p. Ist Lieut. do.
c'ommis. Dep.-Dep. Assist. Com. Gen. Blume, Williams, fm. h. p. Ist Lieut. do.
6th Jan. 20 Lt. Luke, Ist Lieut.
do. Med. Depart.--Staff Assist. Surg. Ludlow, JamaiFrazer, Ist Lieut. do.
20th Feb. Heywood, fn. h. p. 2d Lieut. do.
Hosp. Assist. R. Non is, h. P: Brewer, fin. b. p. 2d Lieut. do.
(Wind.) Weather. Ther.
Ther. (Baro. 1820.
2 3/M. 11
20 / M. 41
M. 34 129.261 M. 50 N. W. Rain and
.502 E. 15 S high hail
,911 M. 48W. Mild & fair,
.833 E. 52 | mod but dull
.611 M. 51/Cble. Dull but E. 50
.520 E. 54 Sinod fair
.410 M. 52W. Sunsh. forn. E. 18°28.987 E. 48 ) high rain aftn.
.996 M. 50 Cóle. Sleet foren. UE. 47
.978 E. 46 mod rain aftern.
.999 M. 16 S. W. Fair foren. UE. 3:3
.95E. 44 mod rain aftn. 10 M. 29 129.125 M. 16 E. Fair day, UE. 42
..? 13 E. 49 mod Main night IM. 294
2.31 M. 19 Cble. .564 E. 47 Sinod
.580M. 19 Cble. Cold morn. UE. 41 .727 E 50 / mod
sunsh, day .570 M. 19 S. W. Frost morn. UE. 12 .460 E. 51 anod
.310 M. 17 Cble. Rain inorn.
.327 E. 50 1 mod fair day 15 M 31
.132 M. 50 s, W. VE 15
• 1891E, 50 ) thigh Very cold
UE. 59 8(M. 28
23 M. 38
16M. 37 29.608 M. 51w. Fair, but UE. 49 .896 E. 53 S mod dull.
M. 43 17
.829 M. 51 W. Fair, but cld. E. 50 .998 E. 55 mod and dull 18. JM. 462 .810 M. 54
N. W. Ditto, with
.8.55M 53 N. w. Fair,but dull E. 50 .901 E. 53 high and cold 21 M. 12 911 M. 56 W.
Fair E. 54 .987 E. 59 mod 22 M. 13230.172 M. 601 E. Warm and E. 58 202 E. 56 mod mild .383 M. 58 E.
Dull morn. C. 50 .536 E. 57 mod clear day 21
M. 38 .186 M. 54E. Mild, with
E. 15 .122 E. 51 mod sunshine 25
M. 35 .406 M. 56 W.
E. 38 .745 E. 495 high shrs. of hail
M. 314.678 M. 50 W. Fair, but
.939 M. 51 N. w. Cdmm.dull TE. 11 .999 E. 50 ) inod (day, but fair
Quantity of rain, .523.
12 M. 32
15 M. 29 14, N. 364
AGRICULTURAL REPORT. From the niiddle to the 25th of last month, the temperature was as high as we often see it in June or July : on the evening of the 27th, and for several nights following, the thermometer fall to 34o Fahrenheit; but, from the extreme dry state of the soil, the slight frosts did little ham. About the beginning of the present month, a general wish for rain prevailed amongst the cultivators of the soil. Some copious showers on the 7th, 8th, and Ith, followed by an elevation of temperature, have beun highly favourable to vegetation, and plants which began to pine for want of moisture at the root now come forward with redoubled vigour. All the operations of seed-time have been performed this season without the least interruption, and sceds of every description have been committed to the soil under the most favourable circumstances. The brairds of oats, beans, and young grass, are fair, regular, and far advanced. What has improved considerably in course of last week, and at present the appearance is uncommonly favourable. Sowing of barley on dry light lards, which had bun intentionally delayed in the carly part of the month, is now going rapidly forward. Fotatoes were planted, for the most part, by the end of April, and, where barley was sown early, the plowing of turnip and fallow grounds now occupies the farmer's attention.
The prices of grain have varied little for some time past. Lean cattle are still in request ; fat cattle are also in dimand ; and milah cows bring high prices. The season has been favourable to the setting of fruit. Apples and pears show a fine blossom ; stone fruit trees not quite so full of blossom as last season. Early varieties of pears set kindly, and a fair crop in the orchards may now be expected.. -May 14. About the 12th of April, vegetation was six days later than at the same period last
The warmth which succeeded brought forward the growth of plants with unusual rapidity, so that, by the 19th April, the progress in both seasons was equal, and, by the 26th, vegetation was six days more forward thari last year. The cold which fol. lowed gave vegetation a temporary check. Still, however, we observed trees and plants to open their flowers five or six days sooner than last year. 1819, 1820, 1 1819,
1820, Apr. 18. Wood anemone, Apr. 18 May 4. Gentiana acaulis,
Apr. 28 20. Caltha palustris, 20 6. Scarlet strawberry,
28 21. Maple leaves expanded, 21
7. Mountain ash in leaf,
29 26. Saxifraga geranoides in flower, 24 15. Cardamine pratensis,
May 9 28. Polemonium repens ditto 24 16. Lilac shrub in flower, 10 30. Veronica multifida ditto 25
Tulips and other bulbous flowers are not quite so early as last season. Perthshire, 14th May 1820.