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Now, let the public judge of the mo EXTRACTS FROM SOUTHEY'S LIFE OF
desty and justice of this anonymous WESLEY; AND THE RIRE AND PRO-
writer, after reverting to the noto GRESS OF METHODISM. +
rious facts, that Dr Brown had not
only announced, but fully illustrated, tive book, --somewhat too diffuse, in-

This is a very curious and instruc-
his views and theories, in lectures
read in a public class, from season to
season, and for many years previous-

ment; but, since we have received it, we ly to the appearance of the won- subjoin it in a note. derful publication on Logic; that To the Author of Remarks on Dr Brown's the germs of Dr Brown's theory are Physioloy of the Mind. to be found in his Observations on SIR,-Your remarks consist chiefly of Darwin's Zoonomia, published in the citation of passages which are produced 1798, and in his work on Cause and as parallel from the article Logic in the Effect, the first edition of which was

Edinburgh Encyclopædia, which you state published in 1806 or 1807, and the to have been written three years ago, and third in 1818! Besides, we think Dr Brown's Sketch of the Physiology of

to have been in print for two years, and there is good evidence in the article the Human Mind, which has been pubMetaphysics, published only the other lished within these three months ; — with day, in the same work, and written an intermixture of expressions of wonder avowedly by the same author, that he at the closeness of the coincidences. You does not yet understand Dr Brown's lay great stress on the priority of date in Theory of Memory. In this last ar the publication of the article Logic; you ticle, our anonymous assailer of Dr state, very charitably, in the conclusion of Browni's Memory says,

your pamphlet, that the writer of the armory, we believe, exhibits merely THE ticle Logic“ is fully persuaded, that Dr SIGNS of past sensations ; and when Brown was a man equally above the nethese (signs) happen to excite an un

cessity of borrowing, or the affectation of commonly lively interest, so that the science which had been introduced by an

not adopting the improvements in his own original feelings are reproduced, it is Other;" and you claim the remarkable not then memory, but intense feeling term Relationist, which is used by both -sensation.Considering the num writers, as the invention of the author of ber of students who, from all parts of the article Logic, from whom “ Dr Brown Scotland, attended Dr Brown's lec- has condescended to borrow it.” tures for so many years prior to the In regard to these remarks, Sir, I shall existence of the article Logic, and that beg leave to state the doors of the class-room were open

1. That it is now ten years since Dr to all strangers, there is a great proba- Brown was appointed Professor of Moral bility, at least, that this Logician Philosophy in the University of Edinwould hear something of Dr Brown's burgh; that his course of Lectures was Theory: We do not say, however, the first year ; and that no copy has ever

completely written out before the end of that he did ; he asserts the contrary been made from the original manuscript, himself; and, as he does not yet com which alone was used by him annually in prehend what he thinks he had dis- delivering his Lectures. covered, we believe him; but why 2. That in no instance has a passage of then insinuate so much against Dr the original manuscript been erased for the Brown? Every one who knows the purpose of substituting any thing essencase, and reflects on the circumsiances tially different ; nor has any other alterafor a moment, will call out Proh tion been made, than the substitution of pudor !-the Memory of Dr Brown

an equivalent phrase, or the addition of is insulted

the decencies of feeling something illustrative of the argument. violated ! *

3. That in a very full copy of notes, now before me, which, with the express

permission of Dr Brown, was taken, durWe have received for publication a

ing Lecture, in the session commencing short statement on this subject in a letter in November 1816, and ending in Aprii to the author of the pamphlet in question, 1817, I find this passage, which I tranfrom the respectable gentleman who read scribe with the contractions in the scroll Dr Brown's Lectures, after that very emic copy taken in the class-room. nent and amiable man was disabled by the

• Thịfor if a name to be invd for expre disease which had so fatal a termination. The public will scarcely require the state. + 2 vols. London, 1820.

deed, as most of the Laureate's come but written in an excellent spirit, and positions, both in verse and prose, are, containing a mass of most importantin

formation. Theimpression which it has

left on our minds is, that Methodism my opin. rege Univks it wd be as a Notion

was the natural result, both of the ist, or a Relationist, that I wd be cld.”

slumber of churches, and of the proWhich passage, when written without the contractions, runs thus : Therefore if gress of infidel philosophy; and that, a name [ were to be invented for express in the hands of Providence, it has ing my opinion regarding Universals, it been operating as a cure, though in would be as a Notionist, or as a Relationist, many cases a very rough one, to both that I would be classed.

these evils. Wesley, the founder of These notes, you will observe, Sir, were the system, was surrouniled from his taken three years ago, as early as the time infancy by singular circumstances, when the article Logic was written, which must have made an early im.

4. That I have traced several coincidences pression on his susceptible mind, and between these notes and the article Logis, given it a strong beni to superstition exclusive of those which you have noted and enthusiasm,

no less than to genuine between that article and Dr Brown's Sketch of the Physiology of the Human Mind.

piety. We shall give a few extracts 5. That, as it appears from notes taken relating to someof these circumstances, a year before the article Logic was printed, which is all we can afford to do at preand in the very year in which it was writ- sent, but propose afterwards to return ten, that at least several of the passages to the consideration of this highly inquoted by you as coincident, and in parti- teresting work. cular the passage containing the term Re Wesley's father was a respectable, Jationist, occurred in Dr Brown's Lectures and rather distinguished clergyman. before the article Logic was printed, there is strong presumptive evidence that all the Methodists, was born at Epworth on the 17th

“ John, his second son, the founder of the passages quoted by you were contained nearly in the same language in Dr Brown's of June 1703. Epworth is a market-town in Lectures, before the article Logic appear

the Lindsay division of Lincolnshire, irre. ed, even though the perfectly conclusive gularly built, and containing at that time in evidence of Dr Brown's manuscript, now

its parish about two thousand persons

The inhabitants are chiefly employed in before me, could not have been obtained. I feel it necessary to add, Sir, that I had flax, in spinning these articles, and in the

the culture and preparation of hemp and prepared a much longer answer, and even announced it for publication ; but I have Wesley found his parishioners in a profli

manufactory of sacking and bagging. Mr been dissuaded from printing it at present, your pamphlet with far more attention than of their sins,

excited a spirit of diabolical on the ground that this would be treating gate state; and the zeal with which he it deserves. I cannot conclude, Sir, without stating Some of these wretches twice attempted to

hatred in those whom it failed to reclaim. farther, that it appears to me equally set his house on fire, without success : indecorous and foolish in any one to come

they succeeded in a third attempt. At forward, immediately upon the death of a distinguished philosopher, with a charge from the roof upon the bed in which one

midnight some pieces of burning wood fell against him of borrowing from a paper of the children lay, and burnt her feet. that was written many years after the opi- Before she could give the alarm, Mr Wes. nions of that philosopher had been given to the world in his Lectures, and sone of ley was roused by a cry of fire from the them even in his earliest work, a work street: little imagining that it was in his which has been in print for more than it full of smoke, and that the roof was al

own house ; he opened the door, and found twenty years ; that is to say, more than ten times the age of that publication from ready burnt through. His wife being ill which the forced Joaps are supposed to

at the time, slept apart from him, and in a have been made.

Your charge of 6 new and affected fluence, it can be only that of subjecting phraseology” would be perfectly intelligi. the publications of the writer, whose disco ble if applied to such terms as Pneuma- veries you profess to vindicate, to a more ritology, Technology, and the extraordinary gorous examination than it appears to me latitude of meaning given to the term Me. probable that they would have otherwise mory, in the article Logic, and in your experienced. pamphlet ; but, as applied by you to Dr I am, Sir, your obedient servant, Brown's language, I am at a loss what to

J. STEWART. make of it.

2, West Nicolson Street, If your pamphlet have any lasting in

May 1820.

separate room. Bidding her and the two

“ The third son, Charles, the zealons eldest girls rise and shis for their lives, he and able associate of his brother in his fuburst open the nursery door, where the ture labours, was at this time scarcely two maid was sleeping with five children. She months old. The circumstances of his snatched up the youngest, and bade the birth are remarkable. His mother was deothers follow her; the three elder did so, livered of him before the due time, and the but John, who was then six years old, was child appeared dead rather than alive, neinot avakened by all this, and in the alarm ther crying nor opening its eyes; in this and confusion he was forgotten. By the state it was kept, wrapt up in soft wool, time they reached the hall, the flames had till the time when he should have been spread every where around them, and Mr born according to the usual course of naWesley then found that the keys of the ture, and then, it is said, he opened his house-door were above stairs. He ran and eyes and made himself heard." pp. 1215. recovered them, a minute before the stair “ While John was at school, certain discase took fire. When the door was open-' turbances occurred in his father's bouse, so ed, a strong north-east wind drove in the unaccountable, that every person by whom Aames with such violence from the side of they were witnessed believed them to be the house, that it was impossible to stand supernatural At the latter end of the against them. Some of the children got year 1715, the maid-servant was terrified through the windows, and others through by hearing at the dining-room door sevea little door into the garden. Mrs Wesley ral dismal groans, as of a person at the could not reach the garden door, and was point of death. The family gave little not in a condition to climb to the windows; heed to her story, and endeavoured to laugh after three times attempting to face the her out of her fears; but a few nights flames, and shrinking as often from their afterward they began to hear strange knockforce, she besought Christ to preserve her, ings, usually three or four at a time, in if it was his will, from that dreadful death : different parts of the house : every person she then, to use her own expression, toaded heard these noises except Mr Wesley himthrough the fire, and escaped into the street self, and as according to vulgar opinion, naked as she was, with some slight scorch- such sounds were not audible by the indiing of the hands and face. At this time vidual to whom they foreboded evil, they reJohn, who had not been remembered tillfrained from telling him, lest he should that moment, was heard crying in the nur- suppose that it betokened his own death, sery. The father ran to the stairs, but as they indeed all apprehended. At length, they were so nearly consumed, that they however, the disturbance became so great could not bear his weight, and being ut- and so frequent; that few or none of the terly in despair, he fell upon his knees in family durst be alone, and Mrs Wesley the hall, and in agony commended the soul thought it better to inform her husband'; of the child to God. John had been a- for it was not possible that the matter wakened by the light, and thinking it was could long be concealed from him ; and day, called to the maid to take him up; moreover, as she says, she was minded he but as no one answered, he opened the cur- should speak to it. The noises were now tains, and saw streaks of fire upon the top various as well as strange, loud rumblings of the room. He ran to the door, and find above stairs or below, a clatter among a ing it impossible to escape that way, climb. number of bottles, as if they had all at ed upon a chest which stood near the wine once been dashed to pieces, footsteps as of dow, and he was then seen from the yard. a man going up and down stairs at all There was no time for procuring a ladder, hours of the night, sounds like that of but it was happily a low house; one man dancing in an empty room, the door of was hoisted upon the shoulders of another, which was locked, gobling like a turkey and could then reach the window, so as to cock, but most frequently a knocking about take him out; a moment later and it would the beds at night, and in different parts of have been too late ; the whole roof fell in, the house. Mrs Wesley would at first and had it not falleo inward, they must all have persuaded the children and servants have been crushed together. When the that it was occasioned by rats within doors child was carried out to the house where and mischievous persons without, and her his parents were, the father cried out, husband had recourse to the same ready • Come, neighbours, let us kneel down : solution: or some of his daughters, he let us give thanks to God ! he has given supposed, sate up late and made a noise; me all my eight children : let the house and a hint that their lovers might have go, I am rich enough.' John Wesley re- something to do with the mystery, made membered this providential deliverance the young ladies heartily hope he miglit through life with the deepest gratitude. soon be convinced that there was more in In reference to it he had a house in flanies the matter than he was disposed to believe. engraved as an emblem under one of his In this they were not disappointed, for on portraits, with these words for the motto, the next night, a little after midnight, he

Is not this a brand placked out of the was awakened by nine loud and distinct burning ?

knocks, which secmed to be in the next

room, with a pause at every third stroke. is clear and distincte He says also, that He rose, and went to see if he could disco. once or twice when he spoke to it, he heard ver the cause, but could perceive nothing ; two or three feeble squeaks, a little louder still he thought it might be some person than the chirping of a bird, but not like out of doors, and relied upon a stout mas- the noise of rats. What is said of an actiff to rid them of this nuisance. But the tual appearance is not so well confirmed. dog, which upon the first disturbance had Mrs Wesley thought she saw something barked violently, was ever afterwards cow. run from under the bed, and thought it ed by it, and seemed more terrified than most like a badger, but she could not well any of the children, came whining himself say of what shape ; and the man saw to his master and mistress, as if to seek something like a white rabbit, which came protection in a human presence.

And from behind the oven, with its ears flat upwhen the man-servant, Robin Brown, took on the neck, and its little scut standing the mastiff at night into his room, to be at straight up. A shadow may possibly ex once a guard and a companion, as soon as plain the first of these appearances; the the latch began to jar as usual, the dog other may be imputed to that proneness crept into bed, and barked and howled so which ignorant persons so commonly evince as to alarm the house.

to exaggerate in all uncommon cases.“ The fears of the family for Mr Wes. These circumstances, therefore, though apley's life being removed as soon as he had parently silly in themselves, in no degree heard the mysterious noises, they began to invalidate the other parts of the story, apprehend that one of the sons had met which rest upon the concurrent testimony with a violent death, and more particular- of many intelligent witnesses. The door ly Samuel, the eldest. The father, there was once violently pushed against Emilia, fore, one night after several deep groans when there was no person on the outside; had been heard, adjured it to speak, if it the latches were frequently lifted up; the had power, and tell him why it troubled windows clattered always before Jeffery the house; and upon this three distinct entered a room, and whatever iron or brass knockings were made. He then question was there rung and jarred exceedingly. It ed it if it were Samuel his son, bidding it, was observed also that the wind commonly if it were, and could not speak, to knock rose after any of his noises, and increased again : but, to their great comfort, there with it, and whistled loudly around the was no farther knocking that night; and, house. Mr Wesley's trencher (for it was when they heard that Samuel and the two before our potteries had pushed their ware boys were safe and well, the visitations of into every village throughout the kingdom) the goblin became rather a matter of cu danced one day upon the table, to his no riosity and amusement than of alarm. small amazement; and the handle of RoEmilia gave it the name of Old Jeffery, bin's hand-mill, at another time, was turnand by this name he was now known as ed round with great swiftness : unluckily a harmless, though by no means an agree. Robin had just done grinding: nothing able, inmate of the parsonage. Jeffery was vexed him, he said, but that the mill was not a malicious goblin, but he was easily empty; if there had been corn in it, Jeloffended. Before Mrs Wesley was satis- fery might have ground his heart out be fied that there was something supernatural fore he would have disturbed him. It was in the noises, she recollected that one of plainly a Jacobite goblin, and seldom sufher neighbours had frightened the rats from fered Mr Wesley to pray for the King and his dwelling by blowing a horn there : the the Prince of Wales without disturbing the horn, therefore, was borrowed, and blown family prayers. Mr Wesley was sore upstoutly about the house for half a day, on this subject, and became angry, and greatly against the judgment of one of the therefore repeated the prayer. But when sisters, who maintained, that, if it was any Samuel was informed of this, his remark thing supernatural, it would certainly be was, ' As to the devils being an enemy to very angry and more troublesome. Her King George, were I the King myself, I opinion was verified by the event : Jeffery should rather Old Nick should be my enehad never till then begun his operations my than my friend.' The children were during the day: from chat time he came the only persons who werc distressed by by day as well as by night, and was loud- these visitations : the manner in which they er than before. And he never entered Mr were affected is remarkable : when the Wesley's study till the owner one day re- noises began they appeared to be frightenbuked him sharply, called him a deaf and ed in their sleep, a sweat came over them, dumb devil, and bade him cease to disturb and they panted and trembled till the disthe innocent children, and come to him in turbance was so loud as to waken them. his study, if he had any thing to say. This Before it ceased, the family had become was a sort of defiance, and Jeffery, there. quite accustomed to it, and were tired with fore, took him at his word. No other per. hearing or speaking of it. • Send me some son in the family ever felt the goblin, but news,' said one of the sisters to her bruMr Wesley was thrice pushed by it with ther Samuel, for we are secluded from considerable force.

the sight or hearing of any versal thing, “ So he himself relates, and his evidence except Jeffery,'” pp. 22–26.

contend without ceasing against elea VIEW OF MR SCORESBY's account

ments hostile to life, is not likely to OF THE ARCTIC REGIONS.

view these objects through the most To all our magnificent schemes for flattering medium. The mountains exploring the Arctic Seas--for defin- of floating ice which sail along these ing the Northern limits of the earth, mighty seas cannot excite any rapturand reaching even its Polar boundary ous einotions in the breast of the ma--the name of SCORESDY is insepara- riner, whose frail bark they threaten bly attached. His plan for reaching every instant to dash into atoms. Our the North Pole by crossing the yast author describes Arctic Nature as a plain of ice, with which he conceives man of business and plain observa it begirt, first, we believe, rekindled tion, rather than a poet. At the same in this country the ormant flame of time, we must observe, that, with reNorthern discovery. This and other gard to some of the more striking phepapers communicated by him to the nomena, he has shown very respectWernerian Transactions, clearly indi- able powers of description, and a very càted an observer of an 'higher order lively sense of the grandeur and beauthan those who had been accustomed ty which Nature displays here, even to visit these icy boundaries of Na

amid her terrors. ture. As a man of science, à disco

Mr Scoresby begins with discussing yerer, and a whale-fisher, Mr Scores- the much agitated question respecting by showed himself fully qualified to

the communication by the north begive every information which could tween the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. be desired by the three classes to whom His impression is evidently in favour these objects are respectively appli- of its existence, though he has not cable. It diffused, therefore, a very by the Quarterly Review. He ob

added many facts to those collected general satisfaction when Captain served near the island of Jan Mayen Scoresby undertook to combine in these volumes the mass of information a mass of drift-wood, eaten by worms, which he has collected during seven- which do not exist in any of the Arcteen successive voyages into the Green- tic regions. He found repeated inland Seas. This expectation, we

stances of stone lances and bone har think, will not be disappointed. It poons sticking in the backs of whales, cannot be expected that one who has and, as these rude instruments are not spent his life in contending with the now used by any of the known Esstorms and

monsters of the Northern quimaux tribes, he infers, that they deep should thoroughly understand have come from some yet unexplored the art of writing a book. The mate part of the American shore. Here, rials are not arranged in the most in- however, we incline to start the questeresting or methodical manner; and tion, Whether they might not have the author's own observations are Straits where Captain Ross found peo

come from those upper parts of Davis' mixed up with compilations from others which are by no means equally ple who never had seen a ship or a Euinteresting. In general, the descrip- ropean? Admitting, however, that the tions are not tinctured with those ro- passage could be performed, the quesmantic and poetical ideas which, at tion would be, Whether by the norththis distance, are excited in us by the east or the north-west? in regard to strange aspect of Nature, and the ter- the north-east passage, our author has rible phenomena presented by her in nothing from his own observations to thiese regions. Mr Scoresby has had add to the narrations of Muller and too many hard dealings with them, in Coxe. The probability is, that there the way of real business, to make them may be sea along the whole north of fit subjects for the play of his fancy. Asia ; but Mr Scoresby declares his

conviction, that the voyage could not regions of thick-ribbed ice, and to be performed in less than eight or ten

years, which disposes at once of every An Account of the Arctic Regions,

idea of a passage to the East Indies with a History and Description of the by such a route. Northern Whale-Fishery. By W. Scores

The north-west route along the by, Jun. F. R. S. E. lllustrated by Twen- coast of America is that which now ty-four Engravings. In Two Volumes. excites the chief interest' and hope. Edinburgh, Constable and Co. 1820. Mr Scoresby seems inclined to believe

VOL. VI.

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