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and fought, Colonel Gardiner on their Thursday, 30 October, George Anhead; till at length the king's forces derson went to Edinburgh and saw were entirely broke, and Colonel Gar- my sister, and returned on the 6th. diner killed, and about 300 or so kil I had a letter from Mrs Mitchell led on the spot, and 500 taken prison- of the 6th, showing that the rebels ers, -a sad story.
attempting the castle were beat off, That this week it is storied that and about 10 of them killed ; that the Prince Regent had discharged all two or three young men were accisigns of joy on the victory at Tranent, dentally killed, and that the commuand rather lamented the bloodshed nication of the castle was opened on of his poor subjects.
the 6th October. The contribution That the Castle of Edinburgh was of Lanark being settled for L. 80, two well nigh surprised by the treachery of the Pretender's guards, with asof a sergeant, who was immediately sistants, came to Lanark and got the condemned and hanged by a court L. 80, and that afternoon they went martial upon the Castle wall,-a hap- to Cleghorn, and took three of his best py delivery.
horses and a double barrelled gun, Mr Jolin Sedin, an English student and went away. at Glasgow, was here two nights with The king's army, about 16,000, Jo. Bradfute; he went from this were on their march towards ScotThursday morning, the 26th Septem- land; the said army was come to ber 1745, to the Castle of Both well, Berwick and Alnwick about 4th No(where he resides this vacation,) and vember. writes from thence to my son, along The Pretender's army march part with a hired horse he took from Lanark. of them to Dalkeith on the 30th and
That the Highlanders, about 2000, 31st of October, and he himself left encamped on Thursday at the Kirk the Abbey on the 1st November, and of Shotts, (that he saw their fires in lodged at Pinkie-house, and on Sathe evening late,) on their way to turday morning getting some express, Glasgow, where he reckoned they the Pretender and his company left would arrive the next day, viz. Friday Pinkie in haste, without breakfast; 27th September.
and as we heard since, the Pretender, That they had sent forward ten or with part of the army, came to Kelso twelve cominissioners before them to on the 4th or 5th November, while transact with the magistrates and another part of his army took the people of Glasgow for a sum, about route to Peebles; so it seems the forL.30,000. That as he was well in- mer party took ihe direct route toformed there was not L. 2000 in spe- wards Carlisle, and the other by way cie iu that city.
of Dumfries, while it's said General That he had forwarded my packet Wade sent off 5000 dragoons and some to James Anderson, in which was foot from Alnwick to march directly one to David Loudonn, and one to west. George Buchanan, which I hope went The guard at Edinburgh was given safe.
up to the townsmen on the 8th NoSaturday, 28th September. My vember, who kept it with halberts daughter wrote, that one Mr Hay, and staves, while General Guest sent the pretended Prince's secretary, with a party from the Castle and took sona guard of twelve men, called gentle- dry suspected persons prisoners, and men of the prince's guards, armed, much furniture that had been robbed, came to Glasgow on the 26th Septem- up to the Castle. The ministers reber, and transacted with the magis- turned to their charges there after trates, and at length agreed to take six weeks absence. L. 5000 in money, and L. 500 in November 9. We had account of gools, as a contribution, to preserve one part of the Pretender's ariny the town from military execution, &c. entering Dumfries yesterday at noon,
My grandsons came to Jerviswood said to be about 4000, the other Saturday night, and confirm all this; part go straight to Carlisle ; by the that Mr Hay, &c. were still at Glas- way on both routes the people run off gow, and the magistrates were to get with their horses, and the army rapart of the money to borrow, and vaged the country, destroying all withpaid L. 3000, and got bills on Lon- in the houses, and the corn-stacks for don for L. 2000, and L. 500 in goods. their horses.
Meanwhile General Blackney, with ing at four o'clock, from General a party from the Castle of Stirling, Guest, ordering the arms to the casdemolished the Pretender's works at tle of Dumbarton, and the west counHiggin's-nook and the opposite shore try men to return home. And this near Alloa, and took the cannon and night, by a letter from my son, we carried about sixteen prisoners up to find the rebel army passed the river Stirling castle ; hence the communi. Esk on Friday the 20th December, cation of the rebels to the north seems and 3500 of them came that night late for a time to be cut off.
to Moffat, and the rest took the road December 7, 1745. Since 9th No- to Dumfries, and this morning we vember to this day, the Pretend- get advice by James Carmichael, that er's army passed by Dumfries and a good part of the rebels were at went to Carlisle, which held out a Douglas last night, and were expectlittle, but they returned and be- ed at Hamilton to night. sieged it, the militia fired and would Meantime we hear the military at have defended, but the townsmen pre- Stirling and our battalion were ordervailed on the Governor to surrendered to Edinburgh, and some say
that it on scandalous terms. They left a for safety these troops were put on garrison of 120 men, and marched to board at Borrowstounness for BerPenrith, Kendal, Lancaster, and Pres- wick. ton, levying excise and contributions. N. B.-Neill Bannatyne writes, Wade with his army marching by they went from this on Tuesday, and Durham westward, and General Li- arrived at Bo'ness Wednesday morngonier with his army marching to- ing; arrived at Leith on Thursday. wards Chester, but were turned by Our whole battalion and nine compathe Duke to Lancaster.
nies of Paisley Meantime all benorth Forth pos Wednesday, 25th December.-- There sessed by the rebels, especially at came in here about 200 horse and Perth, Dundee, &c. to the number of 1400 foot of the rebels; part took up 1500.
the guard, and the rest billetted mostDecember 10. A regiment raised ly about the Cross. at Glasgow of ten companies, design Thursday, 26th.We hear that ed to go on duty, and to be paid at 8d. Prince Charles diverted himself in the a day, also to go to Stirling. On the parks of Hamilton; lodged two nights 10th, the other inhabitants rendez- in the Palace. voused and put themselves into ten Friday, 27th December. - The companies, and chose their officers, Prince came at sunset to Glasgow, atand those to stay in town.
tended with 200 horse and about 1500 On Wednesday the 11th December, foot. He lodged in Colonel Macdownine companies of our battalion march all's house. to Stirling in good order, the Earl of On Saturday, 28th December, the Home colonel, and the Earl of Glen- declaration by the Pretender, and his cairn lieutenant-colonel, who met the nominating Charles Prince Regent, commissioners at Kilsyth; the other was read at the Cross, with 400 or company did not march till Decem- 500 men, and two pair colours, and ber 23d, Neill Bannatyn lieutenant, loud huzzas by the rebels only. Not and Mr Thomas Melvill ensign. one of the people huzzaed either then
Monday, 28th December. Yester- or at the Prince's entry, except a few day and the day before there came Jacobite ladies from Lac!y Fergusin about 1100 men from the west, lie's window, next the Prince's quarfrom Greenock, Kilmarnock, parishes ters. The superior carry civilly, but of Loudon, Beeth, Neilston, Eagle- many of the inferior rob, steal, and sham, parish of Paisley, Kilbarchan, pilfer every where. &c. and in order to furnish them This day the magistrates, by the that wanted arms, there came yester- Prince's order, attended Mr Hay, who day by General Guest's order, twen- told them that the Prince had ruined ty-five carts with arms, ammunition, himself by his lenity, and behoved to &c. escorted by forty dragoons; also make an example, and that should be my Lord Gloncairn returned, and he done in Glasgow, who had been guiland Lord Ross were to see them dis- ty of rebellion against his papa, in so tributed the next day, viz. the 23d. far as they had raised and paid a reBut an express arrived in the morn- 'giment for the Elector of 'Hanover's
use, and, therefore, demanded the fol- about 1000, at Linlithgow, surprised lowing goods, viz.
with our van-guard, and about 14 ta6000 blue cloth coats,
ken prisoners at Linlithgow bridge. 6000 blue bonnets,
About 300 of our men were put on
board some boats at Leith, and went 6000 pairs shoes, 6000 pairs of hose,
up and burnt and destroyed two coal 12000 shirts of low-priced linen,
bárks that the enemy were towing, in
order to bring over the firth some the value of all computed at L. 6000. cannon, &c.
The magistrates represented the im Tuesday, 14th January.-1200 Arpossibility, but should try what might gyleshire men, including three combe done.
panics of Lord Loudoun's regiment, This night we hear by express that came and quartered here one night, the Duke of Cumberland is come to and next day, 15th January, they Edinburgh. This proves not true. marched by Airdrie, and joined the
Monday, 30th December. - The King's army at Falkirk on Thursday. mock Prince, arrayed in scarlet and The King's camp of military and gold-lace, reviewed his whole army in militia is in and about Falkirk, and the Green, where I was present, and their enemies are encamped on the saw a company of good-like gentle- west of Torwood, near Bannockburn. men and a rabble of common men, On the 16th, 120 more of Argyle not exceeding in all 4000. I much men came here, and marched on the pitied them running to their own and 17th to join the King's army. country's destruction.
18th January. We hourly expect This day they uplifted the excise, account of an action ; and so it hapand I paid for George Buchanan and pened at Falkirk, on Friday, 17th JaCo. L. 28, 15s. 10d. to the Prince's nuary. The best account can be gacollector, who continued three days or thered from most of spectators. more uplifting the excise-the town 17th January.—The King's army, miserably oppressed with free quar- being eight regiments foot and three ters to a rabble never content. regiments of horse, encamped on the
Friday, January 3, 1746.-It ap- west end of Falkirk, the militia quarpeared afterwards, by the Edinburgh tered in the town. In the morning Courant, that the Duke had besieged the rebels were observed to march Carlisle from the 23d December, and from their camp near Bannockburn, on Monday, 31st, the garrison made and fetched a compass southward, near their last request for transportation. Dunipace. General Hawley, imaThe Duke could not comply by law, gining that they durst not attack his and so they surrendered at discretion; army, made no attempt to march out and on Tuesday he entered the town, of his camp, till, at three o'clock, the with the huzzas and acclamations of rebels appeared on a hill on the south the people. They got 408 prisoners of Falkirk, and on the west of Callenin Carlisle, whereof only 24 were Eng- der wood, and then the dragoons and lish.
foot marched up the hill. With This news, doubtless, came here to great difficulty, a violent storm in the Prince on Wednesday, 1st Janua- their face, the dragoons attacked the ry, or Thursday, 20 January, and on rebels to little purpose, and retired ; this, 3d, he marched out with his but General Husk, with two battalions whole men, and lodged himself at of foot, fired incessantly on the rebels Kilsyth, in Mr Campbell's house, and as they came down the hill, and slew his men in the country round. Next many of them; and, the storm continight the Prince lodged at Bannock- nuing, and night coming on, the burn for 10 days or 12; his men in King's army retired to their camp, the country about made some attempt and, being all wet, and their ammunion the town of Stirling, but not on tion spoiled, they struck most of their the Castle.
tents, and burned the rest, and then General Hawley got the chief com- the whole army retired to Linlithgow, mand of the King's forces, and march- and thence next day, 18th January, to ed them and our battalion from Edin- Edinburgh. burgh to Queensferry and Linlithgow. Partly the dragoons, and principalHimself followed with the train of ar- ly General Husk's battalions, so plytillery. On Thursday 16th January, ed the rebels, that they could not use there was a party of the Highlanders, their broadswords and targets.
About 100 or 140 of the King's ar. Next day, and Thursday, they marchmy are said to be killed, the principal ed to Perth, and on Friday, the 7th whereof is Sir Robert Monro and February, he sent a strong detachLieutenant-Colonel Whitney. ment to Dundee, and the rest, to
It is said 500 or 600 of the re- wards Montrose, and went with them bels were slain. They ravaged the himself, so all on this side Tay is recamp, took several stragglers, espe- lieved by means of this young delicially on-lookers, prisoners :-man odd verer. sort of battle.
The Prince of Hesse, the king's General Hawley's reputation sunk son-in-law, arrived at Leith, on Frifor suffering the king's army to be day, 7th February, with 6000 Hessurprised.
sians. General Husk raised for his valour The Duke came from Perth, on and conduct in such disadvantageous Saturday, 8th February, to see his circumstances.
brother-in-law, and returned on the The king's army and the militia 9th. From this, to the 28th Februretire to Edinburgh on Saturday, 18th ary, the sum of the accounts from the January, for safety, and for the health north were, that the rebels divided of the soldiery, and repairing the lost in two bodies, one with Prince Charles ammunition.
to Athole, and the other to Montrose 30th January.-On Thursday morn- with Lord Nairn, Lord Ogilvy, Loril ing, at three o'clock, the Duke of George Murray, Lord Pitsligo, and Cumberland arrived at the Abbey of Lord Jo. Drummond, but, upon some Holyroodhouse, to command 'the battalions sent under General Husk king's army in chief.
to Dundee, Montrose, and Aberdeen, Friday, 31st January.—The whole &c. the rebels still retired and disa army marched to Linlithgow, and the persed. The Duke is also gone northDuke followed to Hopetoun House wards towards Aberdeen, where he that night.
remained with his troops till the beSaturday, the Duke marched for- ginning of April, the weather cold, ward to Falkirk, and the rebels made and the soldiers, with their winter a feint to march from Stirling towards marching, much fatigued, and many Falkirk to give battle, but on second sick ; but upon due care taken at thoughts they all fled, and past the Aberdeen, the army came to healthi Forth at the ford of the Frew, leav- and good spirits. Meantime, the reing their big cannon, and blowing bels attacked Inverness, and the Lord their gunpowder and ammunition, President and Earl Loudoun were and with it the kirk of St Ninian's, obliged to retire into Murray, and left where ten innocent people, and four one Grant with 200 or 300 men in of the rebels, perished in the rubbish. garrison in the castle called Fort This is said to be done by the pre- George, which castle being built on a tended prince his order, which, if sandy hill, and threatened to be untrue, was most inhumane.
dermined, was yielded up by the goThe Duke sent off the dragoons, vernor, and all in it made prisoners and the Argyle militia, to the ford of of war by the rebels. Thereafter the Frew, in pursuit of the rebels, who rebels attacked and burnt Fort Augusttook several prisoners. The rebels us, and then sent about 1500 of their took the route of Doun, Creiff, &c. to- men to besiege and attack Fort Wilwards Perth, and the Pretender, with liam, which made a noble resistance, the clans, took the route to Athole, by till the enemy's ammunition failed, the bridge of Tay, towards the High- and many of their men were killed by lands and Moydart, while six Lords, the sallies, and they retired, being with the rest, flew towards Montrose called back to their main army about and the low coast, viz. Duke of Perth, Inverness, about 1st April, of which Lord Elcho, Lord George Murray, our public papers are full. Lord Pitsligo, Lord Ogilvy, Lord About the same time, viz. the 7th Naime, and Lord Lewis Gordon, &c. or 9th April, the Duke, with the
The Duke, after repairing the bro- king's army, marched from Aberdeen, ken bow of Stirling Bridge, marched and crossed the Spey, while 2000 of over, with the rest of the army, on the rebels retired from it, without reTuesday, 4th February, to Dumblain, sistance, towards Inverness, while the and lodged at the minister's house. Duke marched forward with 15 bat
talions foot, and 4 of horse; and upon That howls through the wood when its the 16th April, came in sight of the
beauty's past, rebel army, which were about 800 or
Or the torrent that roars mid its rocky
caves, 9000; and at noon the armies engaged, and had a short and bloody fight for He smiles at the visions that cloud my
rest, haif an hour, the Duke attacking in
He hears not my bosom's burning sigh, front, and on both flanks, and obtain- He heeds not the grief that saddens my ed a complete victory, with the loss
breast, of about 48 killed only of the king's Nor the tear that dims my fading eye. army, and about 200 only slightly Oh! that the tears I nightly shed wounded, while in the action, and in Might quench a little this fev'rish fire, the pursuit to Inverness, the rebels And leave in my peaceful heart instead hal near 4000 killed, and near as But the pleasing warmth of soft de
sire." many then, and in a few days after, made prisoners.
The other with milder note replies :
" Love is sweeter far than the vernal gale Thus through kind Providence, with
When it bears not along the swelling the young hero's wise conduct, and
sail, bravery of the troops, our fears and But stealing from leaf to leaf in sighs, miseries are brought to an end, Scarce ruffles the dew on the flowret's third edition of the Revolution,
breast, Scarce ripples the wave in its mur
Love is sweeter far than the fragrant tear CANZONE OF TASSO.
That hangs on the leaflet at balmy even, Rime Amorose. Canzone V. Than the honey-drop warm, all crystal
and clear, " lo mi sedea tutto soletto un giorno," &c.
Or the manna that rained from the skies One day concealed 1 sat beneath
of Heaven. A palm and pine-tree's mingling shades, I blame not Love that the dreamless rest And fanned by summer's balmy breath, My bosom once knew, it knows Dot still, I listened to two gentle maids,
I blame him alone that my maiden breasta That heedless of Time's fleeting wing, He heaves not with keener and warmer Lay stretched the breathing flowers a
Then both together sweetly sung, And like two beauteous birds of spring, While all the grove responsive rung:
Made answer to each other's song. “ 'Tis love alone can bliss impart, There by a sparkling fountain's side, "Tis love alone in bud or blossom,
Whose streamlet murmuring softly by, Whether his flame o'erpowers the heart, Reflecied in its crystal tide
Or softly heaves the swelling bosom, The glances of each love-lit eye.
Can make the tender maiden blest I saw their locks of golden hair,
That takes him to her gentle breast. That waving as the soft breeze blew, As from the fount the streamlet flows, Played gently o'er their bosoms fair, As from the bud the blossom blows,
And laughing cheeks of rosy hue. So from beauty's glance of fire And as I gazed, while wara awoke Springs the tide of fond desire.
Love's Hame within ray bosom glowing, That sweetest wish in which 'tis given One to the other sweetly spoke,
To sons of Earth to breathe of Heaven! In tones like summer streamlets flowing. Then as we stray from grove to grove, “ Oh! Love is more tierce than the win. With joy we'll sing, Ad hail to Love!"
try waves, Than the torch of war, or the stormy blast
HISTORICAL NOTICES OF THE POP
LAR SUPERSTITIONS, TRADITIONS,
AND CUSTOMS OF TIVIOTDALE.
This expression is explained by a pas. “A distant age asks where the fabric stood." sage in the preceding part of the Diary, in
COWPER. which the accession of the House of Hanorer is called the second edition of the Re MR EDITOR, volution.---The first part of the above sketch ought to be dated, Jerviswood, a
Uron looking into some of your place in the immediate neighbourhood of late Numbers, I found several articles Lanark, Boniton, and Cleghorn. Froin concerning the ancient superstitions the 10th of December, the author of the and customs of the Scottish peasantry, Journal was at Glasgow, where most of the which I perused with much interest. events passed under his own eye.
Trompted by the same notives that