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the place and situation fixed before restoration of the Parthenon, so earthe subscriptions are given: that, nestly desired by all men of taste in like our old English ancestors, secu- England, is hopeless in that country, rity for the application of money must from the want of any situation in the precede the granting of supplies : and metropolis wherein to place it, and the that, if either the design or situation enormous expence with which all orbe left in the dark, the talents, the namental works in freestone is there respectability, or the public spirit of a attended ; and numbers of them have Committee form no adequate secu- already turned their eyes to the Calrity that a place will not be adoptel, ton Hill, as the only spot in the island infatuated in itself, and which they where such an undertaking is likely themselves, when executed, will be to be successful. This, therefore, the first to regret.
renders it the more desirable, that an But it is not only amongst ourselves immediate resolution to select this that the most beneficial consequences design for the National Monument will be felt towards increasing the should be adopted, in order to give to subscription, by fixing on the Par- the undertaking the impulse which thenon as the design of the Monu- the wealth, the public spirit, and the ment. The same effect will be still classical habits of England cannot fail more apparent among strangers, and to communicate, but which never will in the colonies. The inhabitants of be exerted in its behalf, till such a England cannot be supposed to enter resolution is made publicly known. very warmly into the new desire of The same consideration applies with embellishing our metropolis ; nor will equal force to our Indian colonies, they even subscribe to any extent to where, as has been observed by one the proposed undertaking, as long as whose extensive knowledge of society it is not known what the design is to in the East renders his authority pebe, and when the only inducement culiarly valuable, * a taste for ornaheld out to them to come forward, is mental architecture has much outstripe the desire which the Scotch feel to ped what prevails in this country; and record their national glories. But if where the wealth of a vast empire has it be publicly announced that the Par- been guided by a very refined taste in thenon is to be adopted, and that it is the embellishment of the capital in to be placed on the Calton Hill, the the purest style of the Grecian orpublic spirit and classical enthusiasm ders. Not only will the certainty that of that generous people will at once be the Parthenon is to be adopted greatexcited in favour of an undertaking ly contribute to extend the subscripin which not Scotland merely, but tion among the numerous Scotchmen the whole inhabitants of the empire, who hold important stations in our are interested. The numerous and Eastern empire, but it will remove the enterprising travellers into all the clas- dread which those acquainted with sical regions of the South whom that our metropolis must otherwise feel, country is continually sending forth; that the work, when finished, will be the efforts that are daily making by a disgrace rather than an ornament to individuals to bring home some of the their
country. These individuals, it remains of Grecian sculpture; the is to be recollected, left this country great numbers of the most distin- during the war, when the national guished youth of the kingdom who taste was at a very low ebb, and when are yearly, returning from a pilgri- the public buildings of Edinburgh in mage to the Acropolis, and bringing particular were as remarkable for their with them the warmest admiration for clumsiness, as those since erected are its beauties; the vast increase and ra- for their elegance and beauty. The pid sale of engravings of the ruins rapid progress which a taste for archiwhich there present themselves, all tecture has made amongst us since demonstrate in the clearest manner the that period, could not a priori have strong interest which the English take been anticipated, and certainly in Inin these subjects, and the efforts which dia is almost wholly unknown. It is they are willing to make, in order to much to be fenred, therefore, that our realize in this country the delight and countrymen in the East, retaining the advantages which they have ex even in that region of profuse expenperienced from their remains. But all the Grecian travellers fecl that the
Captain Basil Hall.
diture some of their original cautious granted to a church to which any orna-
was formed; and many of these subIt need not be observed, that this scribers have declared their strong dismeasure is entirely independent of the satisfaction, at the plan of diverting selection of the Parthenon as a model any part of the funds for the endowfor the edifice. No form is better 2- ing of clergymen, which the plan of dopted for a church than the interior making it a church necessarily inof such a temple, as must be obvious volves. from the consideration, that it presents 2. None, or at least very few, of the a room 180 feet long, 90 feet broad, subscriptions from individuals, so far and 45 high. In fact, the earliest as can be ascertained at present, was Christian churches now extant were given because the edifice was to be a all made out of such temples; and the church. It was as the National MoBasilicae of Rome, formed on such a nument of Scotland, not as a convenimodel, are still visited by travellers, ent church for Edinburgh, that our not only on account of their great an- noblemen and landed proprietors came tiquity, but the simplicity and ele- forward so handsomely in support of gance of their interior appearance. It the measure. A few individuals exis not, therefore, because such an ob- pecting to be promoted to the proposed ject is inconsistent with the Parthe church, may possibly be dissatisfied if non, that it is thought objectionable, this part of the plan be changed, but for in fact it is not so in the smallest there cannot be the smallest doubt degree, but for very different and more that ninety-nine hundredths of the serious considerations.
subscribers had no view to its being a The reason, it is believed, of its church, when they put down their being originally proposed to make the names to its support. There is no National Monument a church, was, reason, therefore, to fear, that either because it was hoped, that in that way any names of respectability, or suba large sum might be obtained for the scriptions to any amount, will be withundertaking, from the L. 100,000 vot- drawn, if the destination of the edifice ed in Parliament, for the erection of be altered. churches in Scotland. But this rea 3. In the third place, with respect son has entirely failed; for when ap- to the parishes, it is to be observed, plication was made to the Treasury on that although the recommendation of the subject, it was ascertained that no the General Assembly was past nearly part of that money could ever be ob- a year ago, and circulated within a tained for this purpose, the act autho- very short time afterwards to every rizing it containing an express provi- parish in the kingdom, yet a very few sion, that no part of the sum should be indeed, only three or four, have yet
subscribed ; and it is believed the age should offer to return the subscripgregate of their subscriptions has not tions to any parish, which asserts that yet reached L. 100. It may reason- it subscribed to the undertaking, on ably be doubted, therefore, whether the footing of its being an Edinburgh this measure will ever be generally church. adopted. In fact, it is quite certain In regard to the subscriptions which that it will not; and of this the best are expected from India, still less difproof is, that in Edinburgh itself, ficulty prevails. No one will assert, where the church is to be erected, and that the subscribers in that country where the inhabitants are immediately have come forward, chiefly because to profit by the undertaking, no ate the building is to be a church, or that tempt to make a general collection has any one there cares that it is applied yet been made. If such be the feel- to any other purpose than an edifice
, ing of the metropolis, where the sur- which may be worthy of the great plus wealth of the whole country is purposes to which it is destined, as collected, and where most ardour in the National Monument of Scotland. support of the cause may reasonably In every point of view, therefore, be expected, it is quite hopeless to ex- it seems perfectly clear, that the Compect that it will be adopted in remote mittee may, with perfect safety, recountries far removed from the place scind the resolution that a church is to be benefited, and already suffering to be the destination of the subscripunder sufficient distress and poverty tions; and, as a measure of justice to of their own.
those who have subscribed on a difBut in fact, even if every parish in ferent understanding, offer to relinScotland might reasonably be expect- quish all claim for such sums as have ed to subscribe, it is quite evident that been obtained on this footing, and this disposition would not, in the could not have been obtained had a slightest degree, be checked by the different understanding prevailed. destination of the edifice for a church But if it be once established that being altered. The inhabitants of the the Committee have it still in their Highlands, and of other cities in the power, and may with safety to the kingdom, cannot be expected to sub- undertaking rescind the resolution alscribe for the erection of a church in ready passed on this subject, then Edinburgh, or for the accommodation many reasons occur why it should as of its inhabitants. If any one were to soon as possible be done. propose to the parishes of Scotland to In the first place, this would resubscribe for such a measure, univer- lieve the undertaking of the principal
, sal derision, and utter failure of suc- properly speaking, the only difficulty cess, would certainly attend the pro- which exists with regard to its funds. posal. They would unanimously an- That such a sum as L. 30,000 or swer, Let the metropolis take care L. 40,000 will be obtained when the of itself; we have enough to do with Parthenon is announced as the model, our own poor, to think of diverting and the subscriptions which may conany of our scanty funds to the further- fidently be looked for from the coloance of an object in which its citizens vies are received, cannot be doubted. are alone concerned.” If, therefore, But this sum, though amply sufficient the parishes shall yet subscribe to the for building the Parthenon, will be undertaking, it is not because the pro- insufficient to do it and endow two posed edifice is to be a church for clergymen besides. For this latter Edinburgh, but because it is to be a object, L. 15,000 or L. 20,000 will in Monument for Scotland, ---because it is all probability be required. To deto record the valour, and bear testi- vote so large a proportion of the funds mony to the gratitude of a people, in to this purpose, therefore, amounts, which every parish justly considers it- in fact, io aii entire abandonment of self as bearing a part. This considera- the objects for which it was undertion, therefore, may serve to show, taken. We shall neither then erect a that no defalcation of the subscrip- noble Monument, nor even a respecttions, which may reasonably be cal- ble church; but in endeavouring to culated upon from this source, is to grasp at two objects, which, taken tobe apprehended from changing the re- gether, are beyond our reach, entirely solution, that the Monument is to be fail in accomplishing either. The uta church ; and that the Committee most that could then be hoped for,
would be to build a church like Stor of the Monument will be frustrata Andrew's or St George's; a very de- ed ; that either the Monument will sirable object, no doubt, with refer- be regarded with sentiments unfitting ence to the people of Edinburgh, for a church, or the Church be rebut with reference to the nation at garded with sentiments foreign to large, an entire dereliction of the de- those which the Monument should sign of the Monument, which, as the awaken; and that thus by aiming at Duke of Atholl observed, should be blending objects which are inconsiste so splendid, “ that every Scotchman ent with each other, the attainment should feel a pride in saying, that he of both will ultimately be sacrificed ? had a share in its construction !" Farther, experience has shown, that
In the next place, even if ample when a building is destined to an orfunds for the formation of the most dinary and weekly use, it comes to splendid Monument, and the endow- be regarded merely as subservient to ing of the clergy who are to officiate, that purpose, in consequence of which were in existence, there are strong the original ends for which it was and apparently insurmountable rea- erected are gradually forgotten.. If sons against giving it such a destina- the proposed edifice be converted into tion.
an ordinary church, divided into pews, There is a feeling very generally and attended every Sunday for divine prevalent in this country, and which service, it will soon cease to be repervades many of the most respecta- garded as a public object, and the Na. ble and enlightened of its inhabitants, tional Monument of Scotland will that there is an inconsistency between merge, as has been well observed, in a Monument of martial glory, and the the Calton Kirk of Edinburgh. Of Temple of a pacific religion. There the truth of this there cannot be a was no inconsistency in such a union better proof than is afforded in the in Athens, when the people erected city of Venice, where one of the finest a Temple to Minerva the Goddess of churches in that superb capital, dediWar, and the Protectress of the Re- cated to the Madonna della Salute, public; or in Rome, when the spoils was built by the people to testify the of the world were dedicated by a public gratitude for the stopping of the strange yet venerable superstition, to plague, but by being used as an ordinathe protecting and avenging Deities; ry place of worship, its peculiar origin but in this country, and amongst a anu destination was soon forgotten, and people impressed with the feelings of is known now only to a few travellers, our religion, there does appear to be who inquire in vain from the inhabis an irreconcileable inconsistency in tants where the church built in comthese things. The sentiments with memoration of the deliverance from which a National Monument should the pestilence is to be found. It is be regarded are those of national ex- well worthy of consideration, thereultation ; and the feelings which it is fore, whether the design of the unintended to awaken among a people, dertaking will not be defeated if this are those of gratitude to the great plan be persisted in, and whether, if men by whom past glory has been ob- the main object really be the erection tained, and determination to uphold of an Edinburgh church, it would not the fortunes of the state in future be the honester conrse at once to solitimes. These are noble, and animat- cit subscriptions on that ground, than ing, and incalculably important feel- to hold out a different object, and then ings, and absolutely essential to the adopt a plan which must unavoidably welfare of the state; but are they the lead to its destruction. feelings which befit a place of daily In making these observations, noworship, in which the ardent passions thing is farther from our intention which the interests of this world ex- than to depreciate in the slightest decite are to be subdued, in which hu- gree the importance of multiplying mility and forgiveness of injuries is to places of public worship in this city, be enforced; and the irascible feel- or to throw the slightest imputation ings of our nature are to be softened on the motives of those benevolent by the influence of a mild and bene- persons by whom this plan was orificent religion ? And is it not cer- ginally proposed. It is just because tain that if this intention be persisted this object is so important, and those in, the purpose either of the Church notives so uprighi, that it becomes
necessary to reconsider well whether which its fortunes have been main, the measure proposed is likely to for- tained. While the inhabitants of ward the one, or answer the expecta- Florence conduct the traveller with tions of the other.
exultation to the tombs of Galileo and Churches will unquestionably be Machiavelli, and Michael Angelo and provided for the people in Edinburgh, Alfieri, assembled under one sacred if they require it. The Magistrates roof ;-while the English patriot are legally bound to build an addi- points with pride to Westminster tional place of worship for every 5000 Abbey, where the poets, the philosothat is added to the population ; and phers, and the statesmen of England at this moment they are taking mea sleep with her kings, and dignify sures to erect one in one of the most the scene;" the citizen of this capital central points of the city. The pub- is ashamed to confess that its long lic spirit of the inhabitants so strong- line of illustrious men has not yet ly evinced of late years in the fur- called forth any similar mark of pubtherance of these objects, forbids us lic gratitude ;-that Adam Smith and to fear that any deficiency in this re- Robertson still lie in undistinguished spect will exist. By applying the graves,—and that no monument exists subscriptions for the National Monu- to tell the foreign traveller that Dunment to the building and endowing can and Abercromby were Scottish of a church, therefore, no addition to men. The rules of the Presbyterian the number of places of public worship Church, more than any defect in nain the metropolis will be made ; the tional gratitude, have hitherto preonly effect will be, that, instead of this . vented this most desirable object from object being effected by the town, being accomplished; but that renders who are both able and willing to ac- it the more essential, that the present complish it, it will be obtained at the opportunity, the only one which may expence of all the national objects for ever occur, of forming a noble strucwhich the proposed Monument is des- ture for monuments to the great and tined.
good of future or past times, should 3. It is, in the last place, well wor not be neglected. thy of consideration, that, by making The importance of this object, in 3 it a church, we shall be entirely pre- national point of view, is too obvious vented from attaining a most import- to require any illustration; but it ant object, and one of hardly less im- may, perhaps, not be equally selfportance, both with a view to the evident that this measure would be progress of art and the maintenance of beyond any other conducive to the right public feeling, than the Monu- improvement of the art of Sculpture. ment itself; viz. the formation of a The strong feeling of family attachmagnificent hall for the reception of ment, however, which distinguishes TO THE ILLUSTRIOUS the people of this country,--the just
exultation which is felt by the relaThat this object is quite inconsist- tions of those who have fallen in the ent with the forms of the Presbyterian service of the country,—the vast worship, and the rules of Presbyterian numbers of eminent men who already discipline, is quite evident; and, grace its annals,-all conspire to contherefore, if the interior of the Mo- vince us that the interior of the edifice nument be intended for a church, it would rapidly be filled with monumust be entirely abandoned. Yetments to the great men whom Scothow irreparable a loss would it be to land has produced, or who, in our this nation if the present opportunity own time, have spread its glories over of forming a great structure, capable distant states. And thus, while the of containing monuments to all the exterior, if the Parthenon be adopted, illustrious men whom the country has would afford a matchless advantage to produced, were to be suffered to the architectural genius of this counescape? It has often been a subject of try, the ornament of the interior regret, that no such edifice exists in would give a not less important imthis kingdom, to commemorate the pulse to the sister art of SCULPTURE, gratitude of its inhabitants to the and call forth its powers in their nogreat and the good of past ages, or to blest employment, that of recording impress upon strangers a sense of the the virtues of the
past, and testifying remarkable combination of talent, by the gratitude of the present age.