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contains many valuable observations presumption had existed, that a great upon thesc grand points. It was from teacher and deliverer would descend from this treatise that we made a pretty long heaven to instruct and bless mankind; and quotation in our last Number. The while the necessity of sacrifice seemed next is upon the subject of Revelation, also to be expected, that some great atone
deeply implanted in human nature, it was and, instead of the “ plain man,'
ment would be made for the human race. our author here figures to himself a
The first of these presumptions was forti. philosopher, who is supposed to have fied by the expectations of all nations, and visited Judea at the time of our Sa- the latter by the existence of immolation in viour's appearance, and to have sur every quarter of the world. For the comveyed, with an attentive spirit, the pletion of these divine objects, it was negreat scene of moral regeneration cessary, too, that the knowledge of the which was then opening upon the true God should have been retained, and world. The idea is a very happy one, that while polytheism had overspread the and was suggested by a hint of Hume, earth in general, yet that, in one quarter of whose intention, however, was to in- it, the great attributes of Deity should con
tinue to be known. sinuate that the conclusions of the
“ Now, with such gencral reflections, philosopher would have been very dif
our philosopher had found a nation, where ferent from what they are here shown the knowledge of the living God had been to be. Perhaps the idea might have retained from the remotest times, and was been brought out with still more ef- preserved pure throughout all the stages fect than we here find it, if the philo- of its society. In the early periods of the sopher had actually been supposed to records of other countries, the Saviour had have written the treatise, (addressing been darkly foretold, but there he was proit to some Terentianus, Hermippus, phesied in the clearest manner, and the or other,) and to have detailed his fulhlment of some of these prophecies our reasonings, as they occurred to him, philosopher had witnessed. But the least on the various objects which were ac
of all sceils' was still to
grow up, and tually present to his view. As it is, branches, _ the stone which reas cut out of
wax a great tree, and spread out its we have no very lively conception of the mountain reithout hands,' was to bethis philosopher, and are apt some come a great mountain, and fill the carth.' times to confound him with the From him who was the mighty subject of
plain man,” as, indeed, the plain such predictions, our inquirer had heard man, in his turn, not unfrequently all that was sublime in religion and pure treads on the heels of the philosopher. in morality, and while he was satisfied that There might, however, be an impro- he had arisen from the dead, the first priety in a fiction of this kind. The fruits of those who slept,' he saw the dawn pure ground of sacred history ought of many ages, in which mankind through not to be invaded, perhaps, by the him should be blessed.
" In such thoughts as these, our great feigned travels of an Anacharsis. We cannot go through all our phi- almost, but alTOGETHER
inquirer must have returned to Rome not
A CHRISlosopher's observations. They arise
TIAN." chiefly from the contrast between the theological system of the sacred books of the Jews and that of the Heathen nations; and, if possible, the still greater contrast between the religious Yes! wretched he who loves not, and moral purity of our Saviour's doc
And wretched he who loves, trine, and character, and those of any
More wretched he who proves not other teacher whom the world had hi
What happy lovers prove; therto seen. There are important
Love, birth and wisdom scorning,
No charm in riches sees ; considerations, likewise, on the great Bright love, life's wreath adorning, peculiarities of Christian doctrine ;
Can ask for none of these. but we have room only to quote the conclusion, in which is summed up,
And may he perish ever, in a few words, the result of the
The wretch prevailed on first
Love's golden chain to sever, whole.
By gold's accursed thirst ! “ Our philosopher having thus finished 'Twas gold that first could banish his inquiries, and witnessed the winding
Affection's kindly ray ; up of the eventful history, would consider But, oh! shall young love vanish to what the whole amounted.
From surdid gold, away ?
VERSES FROM AYACREON.
JOURNAL OF A VISIT TO HOLLAND. manner in which the Dutch fisher
women shade and defend their faces (Continued from p. 19.) from the influences of the sun and LETTER IX.
the effects of the weather. Here, in
stead of the simple English muslin DEAR J
cap, it is common to wear a large Though our journey straw-hat, measuring about two feet Hague,
yesterday was but short, and a half in diameter, suited to all Thursday, Ith August. yet the variety of ob- the purposes of the eastern parasol
jects, and the incidents and the northern umbrella, under of embarking and disembarking several which they certainly ogled very prettimes with our luggage, together with tily, with their hanilsome decorations the uniform fatness of champagne of large drop ear-rings, pearl-pins at country, and the quiet monotony of the breast, and not a few with the the treck-schuit, altogether made it gold-plate or clasp of North Holland appear a great day's work. As it was encircling their foreheads, their ears, evening when we got into the Hague, even to the buck part of the head. nothing could be seen; and, being Scheveling is a village, snugly shelquite ready for the comforts of tea and tered from the north-western blast coffee, the evening was spent at the behind an extensive range of sand hotel, where we were served by one hills, which defend this line of coast of Bonaparte's most ferocious-looking to seaward. It contains about 2000 soldiers. Every one had his accom- inhabitants, who have their entire demodation pointed out by the muitre pendence upon their traffic with the d'hotel; but, in the morning, some Hague. It has a beautifully flat sand complained of the Dutch-compliment beach, which may be said to form a of damp-nay, alınost wet-sheets; ride inany miles in extent, even all others of want of air; and the whole the way up to Catwick and Haarlem. party were sensible of close and un- To seaward, this beach, which is of savoury smells, arising from the low fine white sand, slopes very gradually situation of the house, and the hote from high to low water, forming what Dess of the weather.
seamen term an extensive ebb. Here Those of the party who were most we witnessed a very interesting specinterested and zealous about the sights tacle, the cargoes of several Dutch of the place had arranged a morning fishing doggers lying in the offing, walk to the village of Scheveling, being laid out on ihe beach, conwhich, in England, we should term sisting chiefly of turbot, sole, skate, the Watering-place or Fish-town of coul, haddock, whiting, gurnard, &c. the Hague. This walk was truly de- At the same time, great numbers of lightful, for, after passing the Royal fish-women were walking about, each Deer Park, you enter a grove with with her fish-basket in her hand. rows of stately elins, forming a most Their chief attention was directed to seasonable shadle, which continues all a kind of deemster or bailiff, who was the way to the village. The road is provided with a long pole in his hand, formed of brick ; and here you meet painted in the Dutch style, of a deep with the fish-women, in great num- blue colour, with a sort of ornamentbers, coming to town, soine carrying ed and gilded head. This person, aftheir fish in baskets upon their heads, ter collecting information as to the while others have them in small state of the cargoes brought to market, truck-carts, drawn by a team of dogs. and taking all circumstances into Whether it were a disposition to ad- view, fixes the price which the women mire what is new or foreign, or that are to pay tu the fishermen, after the the fish-women had something rather fish are laid out upon the sand ; and interesting, in their countenances, I his fiat is perfectly binding upon all shall not here pretend to say ; but parties, which saves much trouble, this much may be affirmed, that their and induces a degree of smooth dealfeatures are totally free from that hag- ing, very different from the jarring gard terseness of expression which, we noise of a Billingsgate market. Inust admit, is but too common with Nothing is more common than for the same class, particularly on the persons partially acquainted with the northern shores of Britain. This, in- manners and custoins of a people, to deed, is to be accounted for by the find fault with some of their best
maxims. Accordingly, I take to my- embankments of the early settlers in self this reproof, with regard to the Holland, formed at the usual height form and build of the Dutch fishing of other Dutch dikes, and weré prodoggers, for till this morning I never bably set down at a very considerunderstood the indispensable necessi- able distance from the line of highty of the very flat, and, to an English water mark of those days; but, as the eye, uncouth and clumsy form of sea appears every where to be making Dutch vessels. On this great range rapid progress upon the land, it has of coast, extending froin Scheveling to here advanced upon these dikes, the Helder, there is a succession of greatly increased in height, from the fishing towns, without a single hare blowing of the sand. So strikingly bour capable of receiving a vessel of observable is this encroachment of the almost any description. When the sea, that the churches of Scheveling Dutch fisherman, therefore, arrives and Catwyke, said formerly to have upon this coast with a cargo, he al- stood in the middle of these villages, lows his vessel to take the ground, are now exposed to the wash of the when she surges or is driven before sea in storins, and many of the inhathe breakers or sea to high-water markbitants have had their houses to reupon the beach. Being quite flat, move. she preserves an upright position, and As the weather was extremely hot, is easily guided in the direction of the the thermometer standing in the surf. Whereas such treatment to an shade at 60° at eight in the morning, English vessel would be certain de- the walk in returning to the Hague struction, as she would immediately being about three miles, it was thought be thrown upon her beam ends, her better to procure a carriage, which tracargo turned topsy-turvy, and her velled at a rate far beyond what one hold soon filled with water. The would have expected from the appearprudent Dutchman, fitting his vessel ance of the vehicle. After breakfastto his harbour or coast, is quite at ing at the Hague, the whole party home, and perfectly at case, under set off to visit the Palace of the Wood, such circumstances. It would, there- about two miles distant, which we fore, be well for many who are dis- found to be a fine old-fashioned house, posed to sneer, if they first learn ex a good deal modernized in the inteactly how the land lies, instead of rior by the furniture and equipment taking things on their first appear- of Louis Bonaparte. Its situation is
upon low flat ground, which is every In looking to the numerous light, where intersected with cuts or ditches houses on this range of coast, as pub- for the stagnant waters of the ground, lic establishments, one is both shock, which are also thickly coated with ed and astonished to find how the green matter. The Dutch seem to commercial country of Holland is so delight more in shrubbery and trees far behind England in these mari- than is consistent with a free current time appointments, on which the na- of air. Their trees and shrubs are vigator has so close a dependence. It accordingly covered with thick fogappears, however, that the present gage and parasitical plants. The minister of marine is now recom- things most worthy of notice at the mending some improvements in this Palace in the Wood are the great important branch, and that he has ac- painted saloon, and the suite of Chitually got the lighthouse of Scheve- nese rooms, which are truly magniling altered from a coal to an oil light, ficent. These apartments owe their with reflectors; but the other lights chief decorations to the Princes of which I have seen on this part of the Orange, but the modern furniture coast consist merely of fires exposed was brought from Paris by Louis in choffers.
Bonaparte, while the Dutch, with The very remarkable range of sand- much frugality, took possession of all hills with which this coast is lined, the royal palaces for the King of the as far as the eye can extend, is strik- Netherlands without alteration, and ing, and it is a matter of doubt and the present family uses the same furdispute among the learned at this day, niture, nay, it is even said, the very whether they be natural or artificial bedding of the Bonapartes. To an productions. It humbly appears to English mind, considerations of this ine that they have originally been the kind would have been very unpleasant,
but here there seems to be no such The fish-market is very commodifeeling. The subjects of the great ous and complete, and there are, bepainted saloon are handled in the most sides, several other public establishmasterly style.
They are chiefly ments at the Hague, which a longer taken from the history of the Orange residence would have invited to a parfamily, among which we particularly ticular examination. The Hague, upnoticed the introduction of the Infant on the whole, is a very handsome Son of William First, who was mas- and well laid out town, and its streets sacred at Delft. There is also a fine are very cleanly kept. It is said to triumphal battle-piece. We were in- contain about 35,000 inhabitants. formed, that Louis Bonaparte having some of the streets are spacious, and some intention of opening an addi- there are several tolerably handsome tional door in the saloon, he was of- squares laid out with trees, and everyfered a sum in florins for two or three where abundance of water. Unfor figures in that part of the picture pro, tunately, however, the canals are stagposed to be displaced, which was equal nant, and are thickly covered with to about five thousand pounds in green stuff. Many plans have been Sterling money, such is the estima- agitated for producing a current of tion in which they are held.
water through this town, by taking On our return to the Hague we vie off a stream up the country from the sited the gallery of paintings, where a Meuse, but this must either be atvery fine exhibition is made. But
ended with a very large expence, or the most remarkable is a cattle-piece the place would be subjected to inby Paul Potter painted in 1647, which conveniences, both from the waters had just been newly returned to the of the river and the ocean. The inHague, with other spoils of Bona- habitants of the Hague have quite an parie, from Paris, and, as may be sup- English appearance, compared with posed, they were received with great other Dutch towns, and it is a circumdelight by the Dutch. We next vi. stance here very observable, that the siteri the Parliament House, which inhabitants near the seat of a Court appears to consist of one great apart. are uniformly more polished in their ment, with an audience chamber for address and manners than those at a the King and Privy Council adjoin- distance. The square where the prin. ing. The throne has a superb cano- cipal houses are built is neatly laid py, and the chair of the Speaker or out with gravel walks, lined with President is also very neatly fitted up. rows of trees. Here the royal resiThe members appear to sit at a num- dences of the King and Prince of ber of separate tables or benches, co- Orange are built, the houses of the vered with green cloth, each table being ministers, ambassadors, and other provided with ink-stands set upon public functionaries, and also the pewter plates, and a small woolen theatre, &c. &c. It is now intended, platter containing Holland sand, with however, that the king's palace shall a little horn spoon for listing it. Their not continue to be encumbered with accommodation is, of course, much the houses of a square, and a separate inore commodious than the members mansion is accordingly fitting up at of either House of Parliament in Eng- some distance. In visiting this new land, where every one must be aston- house, we were not a little surprised ished at the whole system of parsi- to find a canal still going through the monious economy which is observable royal gardens, and the foundation in the establishment of St Stephen's of one of the gable walls actually Chapel. But we had much to regret faced up with slabs of rough marble that the Court was at this time sitting from Germany, to defend the palace at Brussels. The whole house at the from the rude attacks of the boats Hague does not seem to be much and barges navigating the canal, larger than the English House of which, though not much used to apLords. The burgomasters have a pearance, is still open to a compartneat gallery opposite to the throne, ment of the city. and there is also a similar one for the In the evening, the theatre being public, placed opposite to the rostrum open, we were afforded an opporor Speaker's place. The throne ap- tunity of seeing a French comedy, fears to be lower than the Speaker's which was finely got up, and the acchais, which has a had effect. tors went through their several parts
with much spirit and eclat, though The unexpected question put to them the house was but thinly attended. by Virgil respecting the proper place Some clisturbance was likely to have of ascent, and their astonishment at happened, owing to the gentlemen of the sight of Dante, whose shadow bethe orchestra having neglected to play trayed him to be still an inhabitant of Wilhelma, the national air of Holland. earth, occasioned that procedure of The affray was at length overruled, theirs to which our correspondent aland the band having disclaimed all ludes, and which the poet illustrates intention in the omission, the tune by the simile of the sheep. was struck up, while the audience stood uncovered. We had here the As sheep, that step from forth their fold,
by one, happiness of being introduced to the Or pairs, or three at once; meanwhile the celebrated Adiniral Von De Capellan, his amiable lady, and excellent family, Stand fearfully, bending the eye and nose who, following the fortunes of their To ground, and what the foremost does, king, had been in England during the that do
The admiral, when compli- The others, gathering round her, if she mented by a gentleman upon the gal
stops, lant affair of Algiers, with much po- Simple and quiet, nor the cause discern ; liteness contrived to transfer the com
So saw I moving to advance the first pliment to Lord Exmouth and the who of that fortunate crew were at the
head, English troops. The aclmiral is mi. Of modest mien and graceful in their gait. nister of marinc in Holland, and is When they before nie had beheld the light making great improvements, in so far From my right side fall broken on the as the funds of the state will admit, ground, in all the departments of the admi- So that the shadow reached the cave, they ralty. We here learned much to the high praise of the Sovereign of the And somewhat back retired : the same did Netherlands, in the steps which his all majesty was adopting for the advance- Who followed, though unweeting of the ment and gooil of his kingilom.
I dare say, my dear J, you are When, at last, they pointed out where by this time wishing to get onwards to
our poets were to begin the ascent, we Amsterdam, which I shall endeavour to reach in my next.
A larger aperture ofttimes is stoppd
When the ripe grape imbrowns, than was
By which my guide and I behind him Our ingenious correspondent from close, Aberbrothick, in our last Number, Ascended solitary, when that troop made a pleasant allusion to a simile Departing left us. On Sanleo's road of Dante ; and it bappens to be the Who journeys, or to Noli low descends, first passage that has met our eye, on
Or mounts Bismantua's height, must use
his feet; our return to our old favourite. It
But here a man had need to fly, I mean occurs, indeed, just about where we With the swift wing and plumes of high had left him. He and his guide
desire, &c. hail arrived at the foot of the Purgatorial mountain, where they
Such are specimens of the singular i
but expressive similes which recur
the rock $0 constantly in the pages of Dante! Found of so steep ascent, that nimblest In the course of this difficult ascent steps
the poets were encountered by many To climb it had been vain.
spirits on the side of the steep, and at They were considering how they were last saw one standing alone. He turns to proceed, when a troop of spirits out to be a countryman of Virgil, and moved towards them,
this discovery, and Dante's reflections Yet moving seemed not, they so slow ap
upon it, are very finely given. proached.
We soon approach'd it. Othou Lom.
How didst thou stand, in high abstracted See Number for last October.