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adapted America ancestors ancient animals appearance astronomers became become beginning birds body bones brain bronze called carbon carried caused cells century coal communities compared complete consist contain continued covered crust discovered discovery earliest early earth epoch Europe evolution evolved existence extinct fact feet fish flint flowering followed forest formed fossil Greek heat higher horses human implements important increase iron island knowledge known land later less light living mammals material matter metal moon natural North obtain organisms origin period plants possessed possible present primitive probably produced race reached regions remains representatives reptiles resembled rocks round seeds skeletons skull sometimes species stage stars Stone Stone Age structure surface teeth temperature theory to-day trees types universe usually vegetable weapons whole wind
第51页 - It may metaphorically be said that natural selection is daily and hourly scrutinising, throughout the world, the slightest variations ; rejecting those that are bad, preserving and adding up all that are good; silently and insensibly working, whenever and wherever opportunity offers, at the improvement of each organic being in relation to its organic and inorganic conditions of life.
第47页 - Beagle' as naturalist, I was much struck with certain facts in the distribution of the inhabitants of South America, and in the geological relations of the present to the past inhabitants of that continent. These facts seemed to me to throw some light on the origin of species — that mystery of mysteries, as it has been called by one of our greatest philosophers.
第47页 - On my return home, it occurred to me, in 1837, that something might perhaps be made out on this question by patiently accumulating and reflecting on all sorts of facts which could possibly have any bearing on it. After five years...
第49页 - Owing to this struggle, variations, however slight and from whatever cause proceeding, if they be in any degree profitable to the individuals of a species, in their infinitely complex relations to other organic beings and to their physical conditions of life, will tend to the preservation of such individuals, and will generally be inherited by the offspring.
第144页 - The contents of a native woman's bag are : — A flat stone to pound roots with ; earth to mix with the pounded roots ; quartz, for the purpose of making spears and knives ; stones for hatchets ; prepared cakes of gum, to make and mend weapons, and implements ; kangaroo sinews to make spears and to sew with ; needles made of the shin bones of kangaroos, with which they sew their cloaks, bags, &c...
第181页 - Dialogue concerning the Two Chief Systems of the World, the Ptolemaic and the Copernican, which he dedicated to the Pope.
第183页 - taking mathematicians from the beginning of the world to the time when Newton lived, what he had done was much the better half.
第141页 - IN the days when Bootoolgah, the crane, married Goonur, the kangaroo rat, there was no fire in their country. They had to eat their food raw or just dry it in the sun. One day when Bootoolgah was rubbing two pieces of wood together, he saw a faint spark sent forth and then a slight smoke. "Look," he said to Goonur, "see what comes when I rub these pieces of wood together-smoke!
第145页 - To produce it they take two pieces of dry soft wood, one is a stick about eight or nine inches long, the other piece is flat : The stick they shape into an obtuse point at one end, and pressing it upon the other, turn it nimbly by holding it between both their hands as we do a chocolate mill, often shifting their hands up, and then moving them down upon it, to increase the pressure as much as possible. By this method they get fire in less than two minutes, and from the smallest spark they increase...