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fellows in the office, and when a heap of shares was produced for my choice, I took the first that offered, that I might get home the sooner. I was not troubled at being told that my sixteenth was a failure, for toys and sweets were dearer then than money. At ten or twelve, however, I used to long for tickets, no doubt because everybody about me was attracted by them. When a second sixteenth part of No. 5,020 was given me, I certainly did anticipate it would bring me inexhaustible riches. It was really a prize, but then, costing £1 6s., it only yielded 168. 4d., which rather disgusted me, and, perhaps, served to wean me from the fascinations of lotteries. I never purchased share or ticket again; nor, indeed, have I ever speculated in railway or mining companies, or building societies, from a conviction that the uncertain gains they yield compensate but poorly for the constant risk and anxiety. No account of lotteries, or of their effects, can supply the vivid recollections they have left on my mind. Society, whether high or low, was

, deeply permeated by the evil influence. As acquaintances on meeting now speak of the fine or inclement weather as the one subject in which all are interested, so, then, the almost invariable reference was to the great prize just, or about to be drawn, and to the fortunate winner; or to the blank you had just drawn, and your confident belief that No. 1,962 would be the £20,000 prize. Then, while the drawing was in progress—and it was the work of many days--the whole town was shaken from its propriety; messengers were continually passing backwards and forwards to the insurance offices, or when they were distant, pigeons were thrown up that the intelligence might not linger; or when a great card was drawn, swift horses with light weights were despatched to expectant holders, bearing the important tidings. The tickets were usually drawn from the wheel by a blind-folded Bluecoat boy; and for many years the whole number, up to 20,000 or 30,000, were drawn. People sagely speculated as to whether the Christchurch scholar could influence the drawing; would a handsome present propitiate him? When both blanks and prizes were all out, the folks you met in the streets presented strange contrasts. Tho majority looked in the worst possible temper, while the faces of many were darkened by despair. On the contrary, you encountered a joyous few who seemed delivered from all their troubles, and were anticipating perpetual gladness of heart.

The stirring drama is played out; blanks and prizes are forgotten; winners and losers are alike tranquil now. If men must gamble, it can only be in stocks, cotton, or indigo; or, if their ambition is small, they can invest in a raffle for worsted-work or a Twelfth-night cake. The imaginative Chancellor forbears to give a line in his budget for lotteries; and though we still use such idle words as luck, chance, and fortune, experience has convinced or is convincing us that, though we are in some sense the architects of our own good or evil estate, "The lot is cast into the lap, but the whole disposing thereof is of the Lord.”

138

ST. PETER UPON CORNHILL.

1

The age

The particulars I am about to cite respecting a church claiming an antiquity above that of most other City sanctuaries are contained—but in a much more voluminous form—in some manuscript folios in the library at Guildhall. Some use was made of them about forty years since for the pages of “Londina Illustrata,” but my business with them is chiefly in the way of condensed quotations, which will prevent my acknowledging any special extract; and, indeed, the whole collection consists of little else than citations from parish registers and similar documents.

An attempt at the history of the church is made on a brass plate still preserved within its walls. assumed for the foundation is not supported by any proof, and we may reasonably doubt on the subject. The plate is of tarnished brass, lacquered, 194 inches by 17, enclosed in a carved oaken frame, painted black and varnished. It now hangs over the chimney in the vestry. In the sixteenth century it was chained to a pillar in the church itsell; the inscription is of the time of Henry VI. Holinshed mentions it in 1567, and Stow says of it, in 1598, “It was written, I know not by what authority, but of a late hand;" while, in a republication of Stow by Anthony Munday, in 1618, he alters this to “of no late hand.” We now give the inscription verbatim :-—"Bee it

knowne to all men, that in the year of our Lord God 179, Lucius, the first Christian king of this land, then called Britaine, founded the first Churche in London, that is to say the Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill, and he founded there an Archbishop's see, and made that Church the metropolitane and chief Church of this kingdome, and so it endured the space of 400 yeares and more, unto the coming of St. Austin, the Apostle of Englande, the which was sent into this land by St. Gregorie, the doctor of the Church in the time of King Ethelbert, and then was the Archbishop's see and pall removed from the aforesaid Church of St. Peter upon Cornhill, into Dorobemia, that now is called Canterburie, and there it remaineth to this day; and Mellet, a monk, which came into this land with St. Austin, he was made the first Bishop of London, and his see was made in Paul's Church, and this Lucius, king, was the first founder of St. Peter's Church upon Cornhill, and he reigned king in this land, after Brute, 1245 years; and in the year of our Lord 124, Lucius was crowned king, and the years of his reign were 77 yeares; and he was buried (after some chronicles) at London, and (after some chronicles) he was buried at Gloucester, in that place where the order of St. Francis standeth now.” Possibly Lucius was a believer, for Dugdale cites an historical manuscript concerning the Cathedral of Llandaff, to the following effect :-"In the year 156, Lucius sent deputies to Eleutherius, the twelfth Pope, beseeching that through his instructions he might become a Christian. The prelate thanked God, and baptized the deputies at Rome, who, being qualified to preach, returned to Britain, and Lucius and all his chiefs received baptism." The writers who affirmed that Lucius really built the church on Cornhill are not older than the twelfth century, and there were tablets of brass in the old cathedral of St. Paul declaring the same fact. One of these commenced with the ages of the world, and an abstract of Geoffrey of Monmouth, with Latin couplets about Diana's Oracle, the story of Brute, and the origin of London. In many other churches and monasteries the like assumption of remote antiquity was made. Thus Glastonbury Church, Somersetshire, was pretended to have been founded by Joseph of Arimathea; and such extravagant stories were common, as being thought to give dignity to ecclesiastical structures. Yet in the ancient parish records there are various entries to prove that the court of an archbishop was occasionally held there, and some bulls from Rome speak of the rectors of St. Peter as entitled to episcopal rank.

Stow says the church of his time was finished in the reign of Edward IV. Yet we find this passage in his chronicle :-“In 1230 (he cites the Liber Albus), the 15th of Henry III., one Ralp de Wainfontaines was stabbed by some unknown person in St. Paul's Churchyard, so that he died the next day. One Geoffrey Russel, clerk, was with him at the time he was struck, who immediately fled to the church of St. Peter, and would neither come to the peace of the king nor depart from the church. The sheriffs caused the place to be watched, to prevent his departing secretly, or receiving food, though the refugee found means to escape.” In 1244 a similar circumstance is mentioned, and in 1284 a chantry was established in the church for Roger Fitz-Roger; and when Nicholas IV. granted the tenths of ecclesiastical benefices to Edward I., the temporalities of the church were assessed as “goods of the Prior of the Holy Trinity Church, in the parish of St. Peter de Cornhill, £2 13s. Od.In 1324, “the jurors present that certain parishioners of St. Peter de Cornhill have for eight years erected on the King's land a house, in which a certain anchorite now inhabits ;" while in 1328 the Dean of St. Paul's presented to St. Peter upon

Cornhill a perpetual chantry, founded long previous for the soul

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