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was violated, the legacy was to pass to the University of Oxford.

Strype cites the subjoined inscription, as written under the portrait of the first President:

Sir Bichard Dobbs, Knight,

MAIOR, ANNO 1552. Christ's Hospital erected was, a passing deed of pity, What time Sir Richard Dobbs was Maior of this most famous City: Who careful was in government, and furthered much the same;

Also a benefactor good, and joyed to see enframe. Whose picture here his friends have put to put each wight in mind,

To imitate his virtuous deeds, as God hath us assigned.

Up to the last election for President, the Lord Mayor invariably filled that office; and when the change took place it was thought by many steady-going citizens an unwarrantable departure from ancient usage.

Yet to have royalty in the chair was no mean distinction.

Among the notabilities of Christ's Hospital, Leigh Hunt and Charles Lamb are conspicuous. Both have left us many racy recollections of their school days, and both concur in gratefully acknowledging the benefits they received. We may, perhaps, desire that the presentations should always be given to the really deserving, still the advantages of such a noble institution in the centre of London are obvious; and not a few of the blue-tuniced pupils, when they pass through the gates for the last time, to enter the sterner academy where experience is the head master, will surely feel deep regret as they sigh forth a final adieu; or should the proud hopes of youth stifle such a feeling, and the future appear too bright for a single cloud, the time will certainly come when the weary combatants in life's perilous warfare, drooping in the heat of the day under a growing burden of cares, will look back with tearful eyes on the hall where they

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gathered to their simple meals, the schools, the arcade, the playground - happy scenes of useful study and innocent recreation, which can “know them no more," where their seats are filled by others, and where their carved names have grown strange to Blues who, in their turn, will treasure similar recollections and regrets.

118

LOMBARD STREET.

A LONDONER of our day, hastily traversing Lombard-street, finds little or nothing to remind him of its great antiquity. Few of the old stones remain to connect it with the Middle Ages. The churches were Wren's work after the Great Fire, and they stand at present smoke-blackened patriarchs amidst a district of puzzling lanes, courts, and alleys, where few or none of the houses still preserved date further back than the middle of the seventeenth century. This narrow street, where the tall temples of commerce almost meet at the top, and shut out the daylight, is a most important portion of the wealthiest of all the City districts. This will be readily admitted, but few are aware that it is also the site of the earliest portion of old London-of a flourishing Roman colony--of Lud's half mythical town ---and, not improbably, of a settlement of bold British aborigines, whose inexpensive dwellings were framed of mud and branches of trees cut in the forests of Middlesex.

I should be in danger of losing my readers, and perhaps myself, were I to speak of the British period, for, even with the aid of William of Malmesbury, it would be groping in a fog which the genius of Milton failed to irradiate. Our beginning, therefore, shall be with the Roman period. As, in ancient times, the dead of one age is found covering another -- and thus the mass of human bones gradually

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raises the soil from a valley to a level, and ultimately to a positive elevation-so in London and all ancient cities, if we open the surface and descend a few feet, our picks and mattocks strike on the remains of other towns; and we are reminded that the spot has had other tenants, of races and languages quite foreign to our own.

In 1785 a new sewer was necessary in Lombard-street and Birchin-lane, when innumerable Roman antiquities were found. We shall condense an account of them from the Archæologia. The sewer was commenced near the Mansion House and Sherbourne-lane; at the depth of twelve feet a Roman pavement was found, “composed of small irregular bricks, in length two inches, in breadth one and a half; mostly red, but a few black and white; they were strongly cemented with a yellowish mortar, and were laid in a thick bed of cement and stones.' The breadth of this pavement was twenty feet. Near the Post Office, on the north side, was a wall of smaller-sized Roman bricks, in which were perpendicular flues, making it probable that the Romans introduced chimneys into Britain. Opposite the Post Office was another wall, and a pavement of red bricks, much decayed. In many cases the mortar must have been mixed with powdered bricks, and was exceedingly hard. In penetrating along Lombard-street, great quantities of charred wood and wood ashes were met with. In Birchin-lane, a tesselated pavement, composed of white, black, green, and red squares, forming a very beautiful border, was laid open, but it soon dipped under the adjacent footway and houses. Fragments of pottery and earthenware were found in abundance, as well as Roman coins, pieces of glass, urns, bottles, keys, and horns or bones of various animals. Some of the pottery was of the fine coral colour called Samian, being ornamented with figures, or impressed with names and inscriptions. On one beautiful vessel of red earthenware a combat was depicted,

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of naked figures, including two horsemen, very spirited in design, and in admirable taste.

Other fragments represented warriors, satyrs, hares, dogs, birds, foliage, a boar's head, and much fancy ornamentation. There were vessels of coarse clay, with broad rims, which seemed to have been worn by trituration. The coins were of gold, silver, and brass. Those of the nobler metals were of Galba, Nero, Antoninus Pius, and Alexander Severus. Those of brass were of Claudius, Nerva, Vespasian, and Diocletian. Nearly 300 coins of Constantinus and Tetricus were found together near Nicholas-lane. These discoveries were all made within sixteen feet of the surface. Many similar excavations were equally successful.

Soon after the Great Fire, and more recently, richer relics have been met with in the same neighbourhood. In December, 1803, a tesselated pavement was opened in Leadenhall-street. In the centre was a highly finished figure of Bacchus, reclining on the back of a tiger; he was represented with a Roman drinking-cup in his right hand, The countenance was beautifully placid. It was a fine artistic work. The pavement was broken in raising it, but the fragments were deposited in the library of the East India House. A small urn, with part of a human jawbone, was found near it. Thus the whole City, but especially the immediate vicinity of Lombard-street, teems with silent but indisputable evidence of the greatness of old Rome, of its influence over our countrymen, and of the civilization our foreign conquerors brought with them. Thus does an all-wise Providence afford compensation in the most untoward events; even national slavery results in national improvement, and prepares to develop the free and glorious England of our own day.

Our knowledge of the Saxon period is not so full as might be desired, but during the reign of Edward the Confessor, the whole land being united under one monarch,

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