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accept according Achilles action admiration Aeschylus anger appeared Aristotle artistic base Basil beautiful become better body called cause chapter character Christian classical Compare concerned death deeds difference discussion divine employed essay Euripides example excellence explain expression fear Fortune further give given gods Greek hand heart helpful Homer Ibid ideas ignorance imitation influence Jocasta judgment Laws learning leave less lest live matter means mind moral names nature Nauck needs object Odys offer one's pagan painting passages passion philosophy Plato pleasure Plutarch poem poet poetry praise present produced reason receive relation render riches says sentiments soul speak Stoics taken teach theory things thou thought tragedy translation true truth turn utter verses viii virtue wealth wisdom wise writings young youth Zeus
第 72 頁 - Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative ; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions.
第 20 頁 - Poetry in general seems to have sprung from two causes, each of them lying deep in our nature. First, the instinct of imitation is implanted in man from childhood, one difference between him and other animals being that he is the most imitative of living creatures, and through imitation learns his earliest lessons; and no less universal is the pleasure felt in things imitated.
第 60 頁 - I became, to my best memory, so much a proficient that if I found those authors anywhere speaking unworthy things of themselves, or unchaste of those names which before they had extolled, this effect it wrought with me; from that time forward their art I still applauded, but the men I deplored...
第 53 頁 - Poetry, therefore, is a more philosophical and a higher thing than history, for poetry tends to express the universal, history the particular. By the universal, I mean how a person of a certain type will on occasion speak or act, according to the law of probability or necessity; and it is this universality at which poetry aims in the names she attaches to the personages.
第 28 頁 - And when the boy has learned his letters, and is beginning to understand what is written, as before he understood only what was spoken, they put into his hands the works of great poets, which he reads...
第 21 頁 - Again, since Tragedy is an imitation of persons who are above the common level, the example of good portrait-painters should be followed. They, while reproducing the distinctive form of the original, make a likeness which is true to life and yet more beautiful.
第 19 頁 - ... how shall we answer the divine men? I think that our answer should be as follows: — Best of strangers, we will say to them, we also according to our ability are tragic poets, and our tragedy is the best and noblest; for our whole state is an imitation of the best and noblest life, which we affirm to be indeed the very truth of tragedy.