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| that her husband is given to the bottle. You are about A CHAPTER ON BORES.
to reply, but his small, calm eye now espies another The bore inquisitive is one of the most teasing persons victim advancing up the road, and bidding you good day, you can possibly fall in with. All men avoid him, either he crosses over to him, and as you make your escape, instinctively or from experience; and yet we defy any you. heave a sigh for him who is now caught by the que to walk abroad without meeting him. He is every- button.' where; and were you at night to compare notes with half- If, when in company with the bore inquisitive, we are a-dozen of your intimate friends, who, as well as your- put to the torture from having our own private affairs to self, know him, or rather are known of him, all at one explain, we nearly suffer as much when the bore commuperiod or other of the day, in public square or private nicative happens to meet us, and detains us to hear a long lane, in the green meadow or by the sea-shore, have been detail of his own private affairs, telling us a goodly numfated to encounter the bore inquisitive. All regard him ber of things connected with his family and relations, which as a perfect pest, and yet no one ever dared say so to his we indeed knew before, but which we are ashamed to let face. A bore of this class is generally a middle-aged, re- him know we did, they are so shocking—so utterly unspectable-looking man, who limps slightly, uses a cane, I mentionable. Yet there are persons of this class-men and makes slow progress. He is staid, temperate, and who, without an effort and without a blush, tell you family rosy-cheeked; he is, moreover, well to do, calm and un- incidents and scenes, which you hear with that suppressed ruffled in his deportment; and when he comes up to shake agony that always accompanies communications and rehands and to victimise you, you cannot for your life offer citals to which you know not well how to reply. The resistance. His small, blue, unmeaning eye has a fasci- man possibly has had a quarrel with his mother-in-law in nating influence which you can neither describe nor avoid the morning, and he tells you all, not only about it, but
He holds' you with it till he has wrenched and wrung about her, which is necessary for setting his own conduct your inmost soul. He asks question after question, and yet in as favourable, and hers in as shocking a light as possible. never seems to care for your answer. When you are be His own wife, whom, however, he professes still to love, is ginning to give him the necessary amount of information dragged in as not much to blame indeed, but as too simple on a topic he just seemed anxious to know about, he stops in allowing such a horrid wretch as her own mother to you with a query respecting the age of your grandmother; influence her in the least. One family disclosure then foland while you are returning a somewhat uncertain and lows another in rapid succession, till the bore communicahesitating response, he will ask you as suddenly what you tive runs the complete circle of family news. His sister regard as likely to be the ultimate fate of the last minis Mary, who, under a smiling face conceals a shocking temterial measure. But this is not the worst of the matter; I per and a bad heart, is attempting to impose herself upon the wretch not unfrequently tortures you with questions a certain person who shall be nameless, but wo to the in reference to affairs connected with your own or the poor man if he is dupe enough to allow her to succeed; private history of your friends, in a manner so provok- but she is just of a piece with his own mother, who, he is ingly calm and cool, that though you feel he deserves to sure, has too cordial a hatred of him to permit his father be knocked down with the umbrella you are carrying, you to include him in the will which he understands is to be cannot avoid standing, and though blushing and perspir- drawn up next week. You here give an expressive, and, ing with agonised feeling, endeavour to give him all the as you would have it, wondering indeed; and that simple information you can stammer out. You are possibly re- word operates with talismanic effect upon the personage siding at your father's, out of a situation for the present; we are now describing. He turns upon you an eye of and you must be pestered with inquiries as to what made triumph in having it in his power to enlighten your ignoyou leave your old one. He hears you have been ill-used, rance, when he proposes the question, whether you were and wishes, out of the love he bears you, to get particulars. not aware that his mother is one of the crossest and most While you are endeavouring to explain, he cuts you short, vindictive of all human beings? When you have professed, by expressing his sorrow to learn that your brother Thomas sorely to the disquiet of your conscience, an almost total made such an unexpected failure last week; and when, to ignorance of a fact notorious as noon, he proceeds to ingratify his curiosity, you are about to venture a guess as form you that her ebullitions of rage might be tolerated; to what he is likely to allow his creditors per pound, he but the thing most to be deplored about the woman was stops your mouth by regretting to hear of the delicate her total lack of truth, or indeed moral principle of any health of your sister Jane, who has been but recently mar- kind. You here exhibit more astonishment than ever, ried, and asks whether there is any truth in the report when he commences marvelling how anything he has told
you about his mother should excite your surprise, for, “Con- Ah, poor fly! you little know the texture of the Wej stein sider,' says he, the family she is come off.' Immediately which the spider is fast getting you-a veb from which you do, with a kind of shudder, remember a cluster of there is no present extrication, and out of which you can Uncle Johns and Aunt Betsies, who, though certainly akin only escape with life; yet, for a few minutes things go on to the bore, are no better than they should be. This, how- in a manner not so far amiss. There is rather too much ever, he does not observe, for he immediately begins treat- bustle and fuss to be sure, too many demands for press ing you to the reasons which influenced his father in mak-keys, too much ado made about sundry refreshments of ing such an unhappy choice of a partner for life. And which the house chances at present to be minus. At last promising to let you know, the next time you chance to meet you see all things put down, and you are offered for him, how he has done the whole wretched set of relatives | choice of a considerable variety of liquids and sweet cakes. who are plotting his ruin, he at length permits you to depart. You break a piece of shortbread, and help yourself to : Bores communicative are to be shunned as companions- what, after drinking, you are pleased to call escelegt shunned, aye, as you would avoid your worst enemy. They
sherry, but are told it was shrub you took, which makes
you blush slightly; but, no matter, your wretcherines will ensnare you unless you are all the more guarded. I has yet to begin. 'Insisting that you spend the afternor'a Constantly talking of themselves and their persecutions | with him, and have an early tea, the bore exhibitire sb 19 and grievances, they will, on some unlucky occasion, very you his drawing-room, where, after pulling up the blinda! likely draw you in to sympathise with them, and will get you are treated to a prospect rural and romantic, and are you to speak unfavourably of individuals whom you esteem,
requested to tell whether you ever witnessed a better. That
words magnificent and sublime have scarcely fled frat and whom it is your interest to please. Never do this, ye
* interest to please. Never do this, ye your lips, when a voice from a small closet in tv : who wish to be on good terms with the world. The bore, opposite side summons you away: your friend left if you do, will inform the next person he meets, in refer though you did not perceive it when you first began to ence to the abused individual that you think exactly asbe admire the view inland; and now you step across to the does. This may reach the ear of one of your best friends,
closet, and are desired to witness a still finer sea view fra ?
the opposite side. You are just about to commit the fly and the most disagreeable of consequences may be the re
of expressing your rapture a second time, when, fortunadyl.-)
for your poor conscience, the voice of kindness, from the Nothing can be more amusing than to witness an inter centre of the drawing-room, calls you away for the post view between the bore inquisitive and the bore communi
pose of making you attempt to guess whose likeness t cative. You would imagine that the former, in meeting the
portrait right before you might have been meant fut!
You have scarcely stammered out your surprise at de latter, had just encountered his man. No such thing. The
marked resemblance it bears to your tormentor hins bore inquisitive delights to put his victims to the torture when he places before you on the table two boards, eneo by extracting news from them which they are reluctant backgammon and the other a chess, and while you are to communicate, but when an individual cheerfully volun
admiring these, he opens his sister's piano, to which teers information, he flies off at a tangent, and at once
instantly advance. While you are making it sound,
are asked if you love music, and before he has bisnis gives him good day. The two therefore never, when
your answer, he takes from the mantelpiece a G they meet, do more than shake hands. They have a cor flute belonging to himself, and after making it di UNE dial contempt and even hatred of each other. This, as we few melodious notes, thrusts it into your hand, and asks have said, may seem singular, but such is the fact, though you can guess the kind of wood out of which it has alia the philosophy of the thing we are unable to explain.
constructed. He then has you into his own room, a star
farther up, where he keeps his books, his antiques, la There is another bore in society, and he must not pass everything. He pushes a volume of history into you unnoticed. You do not often meet him. He does not, like hands, but you have hardly got time to examine the the bores inquisitive and communicative, encounter you at
page, when he is at you again with a volume of Chart the corner of every street, or in every quiet, secluded lane
Harold, asking, of course, whether you admire Byron: 1;
volume of sermons, by an eminent modern divine, is bes: you may have selected for a meditative walk. You are
exhibited; and after you have set down the other to not forced nolens volens to stand as in the other two cases, volumes, and are admiring this, you are desired to inspired though on your way to a dinner-party, either to hear or to a small volume of Buchanan's Psalms, the first, he be inas, give information, should you actually chance to encounter ever printed in Scotland. This information, of Qura; him; on the contrary, you may, for a long while, pass him
calls forth your extreme wonder; and you are then as8601
to look narrowly at a piece of gold coin he had just simi repeatedly, and all that occurs is a simple bow of mutual
tracted from the drawer of his writing-desk, and atoms recognition. At last, however, on some unlucky occasion, deciphering its date. While you are expressing your you chance to stumble upon him just at his own thresh- / ance, another, and another, and yet another, are 1 old, and as if all his fondness and affection for you had. bited, and suitable information granted, which, how until that hour, lain unrevealed in the deepest recesses
you have no leisure to digest; for, next requesting to ber1
your opinion of phrenology, the model of a murder** i of his bosom, he comes up to you with a happy smile on head is placed before you, and as you are examining , his countenance, and extending his own, grasps the hand or 24, he brings out of a recess two pieces of spar 23. * you give him in the excess of your wonderment with a lump of granite, and after something has been said abc hearty squeeze. Having set the man down in your thoughts primary and secondary formations, chemical instrume for a stiff and formal blockhead, you feel considerably sur
are dragged out. In short, you are thus nearly tirti
death, when, sinking back into a chair, you complain prised at all this; but before you can arrange your ideas,
headache, which, however, you hope tea will remove. 1 ! he invites you in to see his wife, or mother, or sister, just next find yourself in the bore's garden, and here you Am as it may happen, and there you are at once in the parlour required to admire a bed of dahlias in full blow, which pas of a person with whom you never exchanged above ten sen would no doubt attempt doing were time allowed: butos tences in your life before, shaking hands with every one you
such thing, for he calls upon you to see his onions, 10
next his carrots, and then his cherry-trees. You are * are introduced to, and finding yourself told to be quite at
severely fatigued; but, delightful summons, the seriet:: home.
| girl descends the gravel walk announcing tea. His sisa? is rather pretty, and as a recompense for the fatigues of soon began to distinguish himself there by his talents for your previous campaign, you would fain be allowed leisure the composition of Latin verses. His uncle died, however. to admire her fine features while she is filling out the de- / after two years had been spent at the Parisian university. lightful beverage. Vain wish! the bore is again at you and Buchanan was forced to return home by poverty and with the Times newspaper, showing you a paragraph, ill health. On his recovery, he attempted to find a new which he requests you to read aloud; during tea, the path to fortune by joining the Duke of Albany's French same thing is repeated; you have Blackwood or Tait put auxiliaries in the expedition against England in 1523. into your hands, or it may be Hogg's Weekly Instructor That campaign proving completely abortive, he resumed or the last number of Punch. The room is warm, the tea his favourite studies in the capacity of a pauper exhibiis hot, you perspire from head to foot, and never feel so tioner at St Andrews, where he obtained the degree of happy as when, extricated from the fowler's snare, at last bachelor of arts. John Mair, a doctor of the Sorbonne, you find yourself in the open air, alone, and no one to was a leading professor at that time in the Scottish college, bore you.
but he taught a sophistical logic by no means pleasing to his clear-headed pupil, who accordingly vented on him
some juvenile epigrams, not of very great merit though THE LIFE AND POETRY OF
sufficiently severe. For example, when Mair published a GEORGE BUCHANAN.
book, and prefixed to it a pun on his own Latinised name The fate of men of talent and learning in old times was of Major,' calling himself in the title, with affected mosingular enough in many respects, but in nothing so re- desty, Major (greater) by cognomen only,' Buchanan gave markable as in regard of the strange repute which their forth the epigram which we here roughly translate. The accomplishments created for them in life, and entailed pos- Cretans, it may be observed, were the most noted liars of thumously upon their memory. Whoever stood eminent antiquity : above the vulgar in point of acquirements, was popularly
• When, reading Major (great by name alone), set down either as a wizard or as a fool and jester. It was
You find in all his book no sane page shown, the fortune of Friar Bacon, for example, of Sir Michael
Muse not when you the title's truth descryScott, and of Thomas the Rhymer, to be ranked in the for
The very Cretans did not always lie.' mer class, while George Buchanan, for two centuries after Returning to France, then the principal seat of polite his death, actually went among the common people of Scot- learning, Buchanan took the degree of master of arts in land under the denomination of the king's fool,' and was the Parisian university in 1529, and continued struggling seriously believed by them to have held that honourable to maintain himself by private teaching till 1531, when he office. Few persons who can remember the flying sheets was nominated to a professorship in the college of St Barbe. sold by the hawkers only a quarter of a century ago, will | This was a poor position, however, and he was glad to acfail to recollect one collection of silly and obscene anec-cept soon afterwards the office of tutor to Gilbert Kennedy, dotes to which the name of George Buchanan was append- Earl of Cassillis, with whom he returned to Scotland in ed. Several reasons may be assigned for the utter igno- 1537. The principles of the Reformation then formed the rance of the true character of this eminent individual-one great topic of discussion and agitation in the European of the first scholars of his own or any other age—which so world, and Buchanan became one of their most zealous long prevailed among the generality of his countrymen. advocates. While John Knox swayed the minds of the comThe leading one, however, undoubtedly is, that he composed | mon people by his antimonastic invectives in their own his works, with trifling exceptions, in the Latin tongue, homely mother-tongue, Buchanan addressed himself to impelled thereto by the fact of its being the common lan the more educated classes, and endeavoured to disabuse guage of the learned over the whole civilised world, and their minds in reference to the then new doctrines. We also by the rude and unformed condition of the vernacular know not, indeed, if the part performed by him was not speech of his own land. It is somewhat unfortunate for the most important in that age, when so much of the the fame of Buchanan, that, just as the many have grown feudal subserviency of the many to the few still characmore capable of appreciating the productions of genius, terised the social condition of the countries of Europe. Be the taste for the language of Rome should have fallen into this as it may, it was at the request of James V., whose comparative decay. But the name of such a man should natural son had been placed under his tutorage, that the not willingly be let die;' and we purpose here to call him subject of our memoir produced successive satires on the to the remembrance of our readers, by sketching his his Romish priesthood, the last of them being 'the Franciscan,' tory briefly, and presenting a few translated specimens a piece unequalled for terrible yet truthful severity, as well of his poetry.
as perfect Latinity, since the days of Juvenal and Persius. George Buchanan was born in the year 1506, in the pa It so unmercifully exposed the general conduct of the rish of Killearn, situated in that portion of the ancient dis monks, that the half-converted king himself could not save trict of Lennox which lies in Stirlingshire. The small clan the author from the rage of Cardinal Beaton and the clerical of Buchanan has long occupied that locality, their chief brotherhood. He was imprisoned, but contrived to escape being Buchanan of Arnprior, once so potent in his own to England. Protected in London for a time by Sir John little region, as to be termed the King of Kippen.'* The Rainsford, he at last found a better refuge at Bordeaux. branch from which the subject of our notice sprung was that | Paris being rendered unsafe by the appointment of Carof Drummikill, of which house his father was second son, dinal Beaton as ambassador there. At Bordeaux, his now his mother being Agnes Heriot, of the family of Trabroun, known and proven learning obtained for him the chair of in East Lothian. In the old farm-house of Middleowen, on humanity in the new college of Guienne, and he lived there the Blane water, of which some portions yet remain in a admired and respected for a number of years, though still newer dwelling, George, the third of five sons, was born. an object of hostility to the Romish priesthood of ScotThe death of his father threw the family into an embarrassed land. state, but, by the generous care of a maternal uncle, the Buchanan wrote at this period his two original Latin future scholar received the elements of a good education at tragedies of the Baptist,' and Jephthah,' and composed Dumbarton, and was sent subsequently to complete his versions besides, in the same tongue, of the Medea' and studies at Paris. Though but fourteen years of age, he Alcestis' of Euripides. The exquisite scholarship evinced
in these productions was pot their sole or principal merit. • The comparative smallness of the clan Buchanan has caused By producing them he accomplished one phase of the Rethe peculiar family features of the race to be preserved strikingly P 1 0 19. P o
formation, affecting deeply the instruction of vouth in instance of what is also plainly observable in the cases of some schools. His labours served to banish those musteries other lesser tribes or families, The long face, pointed chin, bold which the pupils were wont to enact periodically, and to strong nose, and straight brow of the portraits of George Buchanan, substitute for them his own sound and healthy dramas. ere exactly the features recognisable in those of his parne at this day. We here but give a hint to curious inquirers, on which they
“Jephthah' is a piece full of tender sentiment and ardent may speculate interestingly, we imagine. ,
| passion, while the Baptist' contains a new and stern de
--- ------ -
nunciation of clerical bigotry and hypocrisy, as well as of works of Buchanan have been named incidentally in pass. 11 regal tyranny.
1 ing. They comprise the Versions of the Psalms, and the In 1517 we find Buchanan at Paris, acting as regent in two tragedies of Euripides, the original dramas of the the college of Cardinal le Maire. Here he enjoyed the Baptist and Jephthab, the satire of the Franciscan, the friendship of the eminent scholars Turnebus and Muretus, | poem De Sphæra, and several books of minor satires, as he had before done of the two Scaligers. An invitation elegies, epigrams, and miscellaneous pieces. The reader i to accept the principalship of a new university at Coimbra, of course understands all these to be composed in the Latin in Portugal, seemed to promise the Scottish scholar a tongue, of which, it may be said with confidence, no greater. higher and stabler position than he had ever yet enjoyed, master has ever appeared since it became a dead lanand he removed thither accordingly. But the death of his guage. Among the miscellaneous pieces, one short poem main protector at the court of John III. exposed him anew on May has long been a favourite with scholars, and has to the assaults of the clergy, and, after being catechised, been rendered into English by Archdeacon Wrangham and confined, and tormented by them for a year and a half, others. The following is an attempt to render it literally during which time he composed his beautiful version of the in nearly the same measure as the original-a measure Psalms of David, he was glad to escape to England. From which Collins and Henry Kirke White used most effectively, that country he recrossed the channel to France, where he though rhyme be not employed :was more secure, and most highly esteemed. For a num
THE FIRST OF MAY. ber of years thereafter he was attached to the family of
Hail! morning vowed to immemorial joys, Marshal de Brissac, whose son's education he superin
First child of Mav! sacred to mirthful sports,
To wine, and jest, and song, tended, producing at the same time his long philosophical
And to the choral dance! poem De Sphæra' (upon the universe). When the un
Hail! thou delight and honour of the year, fortunate Mary Queen of Scots came to France to wed the
Unfailing ever in thy sweet return;
Flower of the youth of time, Dauphin, the poet wrote their Epithalamium, and, on the
That soon again grows old! return of the prematurely widowed princess to her own
When the milli temperance of Spring errehile country, she seems to have invited him to accompany her
Cheered new-born nature, and the primal age, as assistant in her classical studies. She subsequently
Shone bright with yellow ore: gave to him the temporalities of Crossraguel Abbey for his
Such harmony as thine through all the months maintenance, to which provision the Earl of Moray added
Rau lastingly; tarm breezes soothed the lands; the Principalship of St Leonard's College, St Andrews.
And then gave they forth fruits
Where seeds were never sown. Warmly countenanced by Moray, Morton, and the strong
The like amenitude of clime as thine party of reformed nobles generally, Buchanan could now
Perpetual broods above the Happy Isles, publish his collective satires on priestcraft without much
Where none know painful age,
Nor querulous disease. lear, though he lost the queen's favour thereby. He also
Such breathings whisper softly through the groves became eminent as a member of the General Assembly,
That hold in peaceful shade the silent ones; and sat in 1567 as moderator of that body. When Mary
Such gales, on Lethe's banks,
Stir the sad cypresses. fell into dissensions with her subjects, and at last fled to
Haply, when God with final fires shall cleanse England, Buchanan took the side of the Earl of Moray,
The universe, and to the earth restore and drew up a paper called a “Detection of the royal
Her happy days, such airs doings, for which he has been greatly censured by the
Shall blessed spirits breathe.
Glory of ever-fleeting time, all hail! defenders of the queen. At a later period, when James
Day worthy still of memorable note: VI. became ripe for receiving his education, Buchanan was
Hail, image of old life. called to the high office of his principal teacher. That he
And type of that to come !" succeeded in imbuing his pupil with an extensive know
We would fain give a specimen of those grave and severe ledge of letters, is a fact known to all the world, and that I poetical pieces, to which we have alluded as exerting no he at least did his utmost to keep him free from the faults / slight influence in furthering the cause of the Reformation; incidental to his high position, or to which he was consti
but that would be a difficult task, since a single brick can tutionally prone, is also universally admitted. For the
give but a lame idea of a great building. However, one special use of James, he wrote his tract · De jure regni,' a
short poem, on the subject of shrines and images, may give piece inspired by the noblest spirit of constitutional free
some notion of the tone and cast of Buchanan's polemical dom. But the king preferred the flattering counsels of the
verse. An image is supposed to address a pilgrim come under-tutor, Young, to the sound lessons of his head-pre to worship before it in the subjoined strain :ceptor, whom indeed he latterly hated with a bitter hatred. Sav, pilgrim wandering over lands and waves, The latter years of the life of Buchanan were expended
What seekest here? What cause thy travel craves ?
No shrined divinity by me is claimed ; on his History of Scotland, and here again he spoke what Of wasted wood and stone my form is framed; he certainly believed to be the truth respecting Queen
A thing that gives to worms and insects birth, Mary. James Melville tells us in his Diary that he and
Vile before heaven, a mockery to earth.
Celestial power no mean abodes contain, others, on seeing the sheets of the work at press, remon
Nor piles of stone upreared by hands of men. strated with the now aged author on the danger of excit
That spirit which sea, earth, and air hold not, ing the king's anger. Tell me, man,' said the historian,
Can be imprisoned in no single spot.
To find out Christ, search thou the secret soul, if I have spoken the truth? Yes, sir, I think so,' was
And deeply muse on each prophetic soroll; the reply of the party addressed. Then I will bide his View the great globe which is thine own abodefeud, and all his kin's,' retorted Buchanan. He was at
That is the fane, the sanctuary of God!
But whoso joys to kiss mere wood alone, this time very ill in health, and died about a twelvemonth
And spreads rich colours on material stone, afterwards, on the 28th September, 1582, at the age of Falls justly, since nlive he worships dust, seventy-six. Before that event, King James did attempt
And places on inanimate things his trust.
If paintings please thee, paint no carious tree, to make him retract portions of his history, but he resisted
But tinge thy mind with white simplicity. all solicitations of the kind; and he is traditionally said Thus shalt thou find at home what all thy toil, to have been at last so far fretted as to bid the royal agent
In roaming earth, but makes thee lose the wbile. inform the monarch that no threats could affect him, as There is a number of Buchanan's minor poetical pieces ' he was going to a place where few kings could come in which considerable grossness, it must be admitted, is
The History of Scotland by Buchanan is too well known discoverable. But while we must take into account that to require especial notice here. It may suffice to say, that no single writer of his age, in any language, is entirely he certainly performed a great service in culling timeously free from the same unfortunate characteristic, for the mafrom native records, now long lost, as fair a narrative as jority of the poems alluded to the same apology may be he could of our early and obscure annals, while his account made, which Mr Gifford has so eloquently advanced in the of the times nearer his own must ever be the standard case of Juvenal-When I find that his views are to render chronicle of the national story. The principal poetical depravity loathsome, that every thing which can alarm and
--------- disgust is directed at her in his terrible page, I forget the from hand to hand among their comrades.* These atgrossness of the execution in the excellence of the design.' tentions are seasoned with the most brutal insults. To
We must now close this notice of the most eminent of be assailed with such, it is not necessary to enter into conScottish scholars, and shall do so with another specimen versation; you have only to pass within hearing. My of his verses, choosing for the purpose an Epicedium or French appearance, notwithstanding the simplicity of my Monody on the great founder of the church system of Scot- dress, drew upon me, at the corner of every street, whole land, John Calvin, written immediately after his decease: litanies of abuse, mingled with the epithet French dog. If one there be who deems that human souls
Any answer would be sure to produce a fight, a result to Live not beyond the grave, or who so acts,
which my curiosty did not extend. The late Marshal Believing otherwise, as to have hell
Saxe had an affair with a scavenger, which he finished And its eternal pains before his eyes,
with a dexterity applauded by all the spectators: he perHe rightly may lament in life his fate, May dread the tomb, and wake the wail of friends.
mitted his man to approach, when, seizing him by the By death grown envious of thy high designs,
nape of the neck, he tossed him into the air in such a Thou, Calvin, should'st call forth no weak regrets,
manner, that in his descent he fell into the middle of his No idle tears, no vain funereal shows. Freed now from cares, and from the bonds of earth,
cart, filled to the brim with liquid mud. Thou holdest heaven, and closely dost enjoy
The day after my arrival in London, my servant The God by thee in spirit worshipped long;
learned, by painful experience, what the rabble could Pure light in purest light thou dost behold, and, filled with the infused divinity,
attempt against the French or those of foreign appearTastest eternal life without alloy
ance. He had followed the crowd to Tyburn, where three Which sorrow never taints, nor hope exalts
rogues, two of whom were father and son, were hanged. To empty joy, nor any feary assail, Nor pains which vex the flesh-imprisoned soul.
The business over, as he was returning by Oxford Street This day which rescued thee from bitter cares
with the stragglers of the numerous mob who bad witnessed I well may call thy natal lay, in which
the execution, he was set upon by two or three scoundrels, Thou to thy home returnest, borne xloft, And after the despiteg of banishinent,
and speedily surrounded. Sir Jaquett (Jack Ketch), With spirit fearful of no second death,
finisher of the law, himself took part in the mischief, and Raised above fortune, enterest lengthened life.
entering the circle, he slapped the poor fellow's shoulder, For as in all the sections of the frame, When soul is there, motion and life exist,
while the others began to pull him about by the skirts of And vigour permeates each agile limb;
his coat and his queue, when, by good fortune, three And as, that foul once gone, it moveless lies,
grenadiers of the French Guards, who had deserted and The putrid fabric of a mass of clay;
crossed the sea to London, and were drinking in a tavern So of the spirit God the spirit is, Whom wanting, it is plunged in deepest gloom,
near the spot, armed themselves with whatever weapons Aud, easily deceived by empty secmink,
chance threw in their way, made a rush at the mob, Clasps but the shadowy forms of good and ill.
rescued their countryman, and escorted him to my lodgBut when the influence divine is there, The darkness flies, with all illusive shows;
ing.' And the eternal naked front of truth
As a set-off to this coarse and unmannerly rudeness, Displays itself in day, which never eve Can shroud at bidding of importunate night,
the polite and prepossessing manners of the respectable Though thus in port received, 'mid heaven's applause, people and tradesmen are favourably noticed. However And resting placidly in grateful calm,
hurried any decent man may appear whom you meet, he Invidions death could yet pot wholly reave
stops at the first inquiry, answers you, and frequently, Calvin from earth. Eternal monuments Of thy high genius shall remain, and when
turns out of his way to point out what you are inquiring The torch of envy languishes betimes,
for, or puts you under the guidance of some person who On every shore where pure religion shines,
appears to be going in the direction you wish. A gentleThy fame sball spread and flourish evermore.'
man one day placed me under the care of a young and If we were called on to assign to George Buchanan his
good-looking gorerness, who was going home with a pretty place in the roll of Scottish men of genius, we know not infant in her arms. My walk, which was tolerably long, that we would name before him any others than Burns
was very agreeable, as I gave my arm to my guide, and and Scott.
we conversed as well as two persons could, neither of
whom understands a word of what the other says. I freNOTES ON LONDON AND THE LONDONERS,
quently held similar conversations, in which, notwith
standing the efforts made to understand me, and mine to BY A FRENCHMAN.
be understood, I could never succeed; then, shaking the In the year 1765, M. Grosley, a native of France, visited hand of my interlocutor, I said, with a laugh, “ Tower of London, in which city he remained for several months, Babel ;' he laughed too, and we separated. and has left his observations on the manners and customs This manner of taking your friend by the hand and of the metropolitan population in three small volumes. shaking it with a violence that threatens dislocation of In looking over these, we find records of the past so nearly the shoulder, is one of the great tokens of friendship which resembling the characteristics of the present day, that at the English offer to one another when they meet, in perfirst we are surprised at the small amount of change fect gravity, the countenance expressing nothing, while that has really taken place. At the date of the travel- | their whole soul passes into the agitated arm. This holds ler's visit, the French nation were considered as the
place of the embraces and bows of France. The English natural enemies' of England. If an unfortunate Parisian seem to have taken the regulations of their visages from appeared in the streets of London, he was regarded those prescribed by the Emperor Alexander Severus to as a fair object for the abuse of the lower orders. An those who approached him.' advance of eighty years, however, thirty of which have The following picture of London life is exceedingly been spent in profound peace with our continental neigh- | graphic and truthful, and, with scarcely an iota of change. bours, has done much to remove those symptoms of na
would answer as well now as it did eighty years ago : "The tional antipathy; the most outré Frenchman may now life of merchants and bankers, in spite of the cares and detraverse the metropolis from day to day without exciting tails attendant on their commerce, to which no object of greater notice than he would in his own native city. The speculation is unknown, is the same as that of the gentlemen porters, sailors, chairmen, and the day-workmen scattered of the bar, physicians, and tradesmen. They rise rather late in the streets,' says the writer above referred to,' are the in the morning, and pass an hour in drinking tea with most insolent rabble that could be found in any country their families. Towards ten o'clock they go to the coffeeunprovided with law or police. The French, upon whom house, where they pass another hour; after which they retheir coarseness is principally discharged, would do wrong turn home, and receive visits of business. At two o'clock to complain, since the well-disposed portion of the population are pot exempt from it. Ask the way to a street;
* Most readers will recollect Roderick Random's experience of if it be to the right, they point to the left, or send you this practical fun.