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cast. Next evening, sitting alone in his lodgings, he was left unturned to effect his ruin. This could only be acsurprised by the appearance of Richard Sullivan and two complished by undermining his master's confidence, appaof his associates, who walked in, and without uttering a rently a difficult, if not an impossible task, so strong were word, seated themselves. Luke gazed at the company in Mr Bell's convictions of the honesty and integrity of Luke. some surprise, but with a vague suspicion in his mind of It is said, and with some show of plausibility, that the father their errand, and then inquired
of mischief favours his children; so it evidently turned out in Well, gentlemen, to what circumstance am I indebted the present case. Richard might have schemed and plotted for this visit?'
long enough in the usual way, without effecting his purpose, I suppose you haven't got the slightest idea-eh?'re had not a most fortuitous event occurred. torted Richard with a sneer; 'well, there's no use going Mr Bell and his nephew were seated by a comfortable about the bush, so we'll be plain with you. I am given to | fire one evening, engaged in close conversation. It was understand that you are making advances to a cousin of evident from the surprise evinced by the old man, and the mine, Miss Bell, and as I have an interest in that young keen inquiring glances of the young, who watched with a lady's welfare, I do not wish her to be made the prey of tremulous eagerness each change of his uncle's countenance, any nameless adventurer who may think fit, for the sake that the subject was one of deep interest to both. At length of aggrandisement, to entrap her. Now, sir, as you must the elder, casting himself back in his chair, exclaimed be aware of my claims on the young lady, you will be good “No! I cannot believe it. What! the boy I have treated enough, in presence of these gentlemen, to sign this letter, as a son-have watched over, and raised from obscurity to renouncing all right to her hand, or take the alternative of comfort, thus treacherously deceive me the associate of meeting me at some convenient spot to-morrow morning.' vagabonds, and haunting dens of infamy. Impossible!'
When he had finished, Luke without a moment's hesi- But, my dear sir, it is nevertheless true. I regret it tation replied, 'I will do neither, gentlemen. I am perfectly much, as I have been deceived in the young man as well convinced you, sir, have no claim on Miss Bell's hand, and as yourself. No one would ever have two months since I should be sorry if you had; as to meeting you, it is out convinced me of what I now state as truths. But, dear of the question-my principles forbid it-my Bible forbids | uncle, I make no idle assertions, as this will fully prove;' it-common sense forbids it; and whatever men may think and he handed the old man a crumpled soiled letter, while or say, I do not feel it my duty to conform to any absurd a gleam of malicious triumph shot through his countenance code of honour, falsely so called, that the world may insti- as he added, “read that and be convinced.' tute. You have my answer.'
Mr Bell adjusted his spectacles and looked at the paper. Coward,'exclaimed Richard in a rage; “is this your an It was a letter written in a female hand, ill spelled, and swer-base sneaking villain ?'
scarce legible, sealed with a bit of chewed bread, and ad• There is no need for further talking. Coward I am dressed to Mr Morton. It ran thus :none, nor villain either. You may spare your expletives DEAR SIR,-Do come if possible to-night. She is very for a better opportunity. Walk out,' said Luke, in a firm ill, poor creature, and wants to see you. I fear the worst, tone.
and you know the child must be provided for; we have Then you refuse. I'll brand your name with infamy | fitted to No. — Court, Leith Wynd. Yours, Betsy AIRD.' wherever I go, till society shall point to you with the finger Mr Bell laid down the note, exclaiming-Well, his vilof scorn and disgust. I'll proclaim your cowardice at every lany is too clear; shame that I should so long have nourhand-then see if you don't rue it;' and beckoning his ished such a viper; but let me see, why, it is to-night he is friends, he walked away in a rage. As he closed the door requested to come. I have it; we'll go to this den, catch he turned, and casting a glance of diabolical hatred at him, and bring home his guilt.' Luke, spat at him and retired.
The resolution was such as a hasty man might be exHitherto Richard Sullivan has not been formally intro- | pected in the circumstances to form. Mr Bell was a perduced to our readers, and it is now necessary, by way of son of sudden impulses, and often acted upon them without explanation, that we should take a short retrospective much reflection. glance in order to explain satisfactorily those proceedings. Richard demurred considerably; he had no wish to meet As already related, he was a nephew of Mr Bell's. His Luke in such circumstances; and strongly urged his uncle parents had died when he was in early youth, and young to delay taking such a step for a day or two, by which Sullivan, left to the care of an indulgent yet foolish rela time some event might occur that would equally well, if tion, grew up without any settled principles, religious or not better, answer the end they now contemplated; but Mr moral, taking root in his mind. We need not wonder, Bell thought otherwise, and partly by persuasion, partly therefore, that Richard grew up a libertine. He had, with | by constraint, his nephew set out with him. the willing aid of a few such kindred spirits as himself, at ! A twenty minutes' walk brought them to the spot, a narthe time of our narrative, squandered nearly the whole of row lane composed of tall ricketty old houses, where the a large patrimony, placed early within his reach, and in- densely crowded inhabitants vegetated in an atmosphere volved himself deeply in debt; but hitherto Mr Bell enter-polluted by such effluvia as the dwellers in a great city tained no suspicion of his nephew's true character or situa- alone know of. It was with considerable difficulty they distion, so artfully had he dissembled. As an only means of covered amid the gloom the number of the house indicated retrieving his fortunes, he looked forward to a union with in the letter. After scrambling up a frail stair, they arMinna, and Mr Bell had given his sanction, provided that of rived at the lodging. The door of one house on the stairhis daughter should be obtained. She, however, for women head stood partly open, from which issued the sounds of a have quick perceptions in such matters, more than guessed voice Mr Bell at once recognised as Luke's. Motioning his the object Richard contemplated—her money, and not her- nephew to be silent, they cautiously entered, but what a self--and had shown him but little encouragement. The scene presented itself-how different from their expectaunfortunate rencontre previously narrated confirmed these tion. A single glance sufficed to tell that it was the abode suspicions, and her former indifference now changed into of poverty-hard griping poverty. A few stray articles of absolute contempt; but Richard, nowise disconcerted with | furniture were scattered about a bare dark gloomy room. her coldness, turned his attention to another quarter, and In one corner a child lay asleep in a cradle near the fire, plied every effort to gain the confirmed favour and esteem which an old woman on her knees was endeavouring to exof Mr Bell; and his studious deference and insinuating cite into a flame, in order to boil a small tin pan. With manner soon won upon the old man's heart, who was ab- his back towards them, by the bedside of some person in solutely blind to his nephew's motives. Richard, in this sore sickness, from whom a faint moaning sound occasionmethod of procedure, had a double end in view, the gain- ally proceeded, sat Luke, reading aloud a portion of the ing of Mr Bell's favour, and thereby securing Minna, who Bible. He had not heard the entrance of the visiters, for be doubted not would comply with her father's will. But he still continued reading without pause, save an occasional there was a lion in the way'-Luke Morton, whom Rich- remark on the words of the inspired page. Richard, whose ard feared and hated, and resolved that no stone should be face wore an aspect of mingled incredulity and disappointment, motioned to his uncle to withdraw; but the old man an old man's weakness in taking up and believing an ill seized him by the arm and led him forward to the couch of accredited report against you. Let it be my duty to make the invalid, a young woman, on whose countenance the such reparation as yet remains in my power, hues of death too plainly appeared. The poor creature, hearing the sound of their approach, opened her piercing! The asterisks here inserted supply a hiatus usually dark eyes-they rested on Richard a moment-then spring-| filled up by story-tellers, but for obvious reasons left blank ing half way out of her bed, she shricked aloud
| just now. Let the sequel explain. More than a year after Richard, Richard, have you come at last! They told the painful incidents faintly depicted above had occur. me you were false, and had deserted me, but I disbelieved red, we happened to be in Edinburgh, and called in the them. I knew you were far away and could not come, or evening on our friend Mr Morton. Greatly did we marvel you would have been. 'Tis now too late, I am dying fast, on entering a snug little parlour to see old Job Taquet there is no help.
seated beside the fire, awkwardly dandling a fine plump A meteor glancing in the sky is not more rapid in its baby, while opposite him were Mr and Mrs Morton, a happy flight than was the sudden change wrought on Richard young couple. Job explained with a familiar nod, that it Sullivan. His face became ghastly pale, his limbs shook had all been with mutual advice and consent duly conand quivered, as if seized by an ague fit. Grasping the tracted, agreed, and matrimonially ended'-an assertion, arm of a chair for support, he strove for a few minutes, which on further reference to our friend Luke, we found while Mr Bell looked on in speechless surprise, to resume to be correct. It was then and there we heard the story his wonted audacity. Summoning up by a strong conyul- of his early struggles. It need scarcely be added that sive effort a degree of calmness, he hissed rather than Widow Morton and little Eppy were not forgotten. spokeWoman, I know you not-I never saw you before you
THE NIGHTINGALE. must be mistaken.'
Liar,' responded a loud stern voice; and old Job Ta- The nightingale is a bird of passage, and visits our islands, quet stood before them. • Liar, I say again; look at your and the adjacent parts of the continent, at the close of cruel murderous work there-at that poor girl, and per-April, or beginning of May, returning southward in August, jure your soul, if you dare, by denying that you know or early in September. As is usually the case, the males her. Your time is now come, sir, when your villany shall precede the females, and taking up their respective stations be made known to men at least. Pardon me, friends, for a (for each has its own little district), await the arrival of few moments, till I tell you all. Two years ago, Emma their mates; which, if no sudden alteration in the weather Wight was a happy girl, the child of poor but honest happen to retard them, occurs in the course of a few days. parents. She reached womanhood with a mind a stranger On their coming, they are greeted with strains of the richest to and unstained by vice. Then Richard Sullivan, your melody. trustworthy nephew, Mr Bell, saw her, conceived a guilty On the Continent, the nightingale extends its range far passion for her, sought by every wicked art which he is to the northward of our islands, even to Sweden. But master of to destroy her peace, and succeeded but too well. with us it is very local in its distribution. It does not After betraying the girl with many a false promise, he left reside in the Channel Islands, Guernsey, Jersey, &c.; nor her on the plea that he was compelled to go from home, but does it visit Cornwall or the western portion of Devonshire; would return soon and marry her. She believed him, and it is not found in Wales, excepting, perhaps, occasionally waited hopefully for that return. By and by that child on the borders of South Wales; and it never visits Ireland. was born; and forced to flee from her father's wrath, she It is of rare occurrence in the midland and northern came to Edinburgh to consult me, an old relation of her counties, though it is stated to be not uncommon in the own; and-you know the rest, gentlemen.
neighbourhood of Doncaster, in Yorkshire. If this be the During this short narrative, in which Job forgot all his fact, it is an exception to the general rule. We have never usual technical phrases in the natural indignant eloquence heard the nightingale either in Cheshire, Staffordshire, with which he gave vent to his deep feelings, the dying girl Derbyshire, or Lancashire. It is principally to the southinterrupted him with occasional hysteric sobs; and at the eastern section of our island, ineluding Kent, Surrey, close, clasping her hands, turned to Richard and exclaimed, Sussex, Hampshire, Berkshire, Middlesex, Hertfordshire, • Oh! it was cruel, cruel, thus to treat me, and how fondly Cambridgeshire, and Essex, that this bird limits its range. I loved him too. Richard, I am about to appear at the bar On the Continent, it is very widely spread; and is abunof God's impartial tribunal; shortly you will meet me there dant in Italy, Spain, and Portugal. face to face, and may He then forgive you as I now do. The haunts frequented by the nightingale are close copses But my parents-oh! who will tell them of their daugh- in deep humid valleys, rich parks, sequestered shrubberies, ter's painful end-my poor father, it will break his heart. embowered coverts, and wooded lawns. In such situations, May God strengthen him for the trial!' Suddenly her eyes we may hear, throughout the month of May, the music of seemed rivetted on something-her hands dropped by her this bird, not only during the dusk of evening, and all night side, and uttering a deep moan, she fell back. The angel long, but poured forth from some shaded retreat, from of death had done his work.
.morn till dewy eve.' Cowper, when he wrote Simultaneously Mr Bell and Job flew to the bedside and
A nightingale that all day long endeavoured to raise her up, but on perceiving that vitality
Had cheer'd the village with his song, had for ever fled, they gazed in deep solemn awe, while an adhered to what poets often overlook; namely, truth to unchecked tear trickled down each cheek on the now pla- nature. It is quite a mistake to suppose that this feathered cid features that suffering and sorrow could no longer mar. musician–the Paganini of the feathered tribes— sings At length Mr Bell turned round to Luke who had not yet darkling' only, How often have we listened in the shaspoken, and in a choking husky voice held out his hand, dowy covert, screened from the glare of a midday sun, to saying- To-night, my dear sir, I deeply wronged you in his long-continued gush of richest melody, and that, too, suspecting your fidelity and unblemished reputation. I but a few yards from the artiste, perched on a twig, and have acted hastily and foolishly, but this I have learned in completely exposed to view. It is not only in modern days a manner never to be forgotten, that God sooner or later that the nightingale has been celebrated for his song: brings the hidden works of darkness to light, and punishes in the times of antiquity his melody delighted as now; the transgressor, though his ways to man are mysterious. | nor need we wonder at it, for, in truth, a fine-toned nightMy nephew, where is he?"
ingale—and there is great difference between individualsRichard was gone.
bas no European competitor among the feathered minstrels. Well, no matter. I trust he will not forget what to-On this point, both Buffon and Bechstein have largely night he has so impressively seen. I was about to stig-writtenthe former most eloquently; the latter with a matise him for his villany, but this is neither time nor full relish for his subject. According to Bechstein, the place for angry feelings. You, Luke, I trust, will forgive first good quality of a nightingale is undoubtedly its fine
voice.' He then informs us, that this bird expresses his Gotha they know only the day nightingale.' Whether different emotions by suitable cries and particular intona- Bechstein be correct in these latter statements, we have no tions. The most unmcaning cry when he is alone appears means of ascertaining; none of the counties in our island to be the simple whistle, “fitt;' but if the syllable 'crr' he which the nightingale frequents in abundance are mounadded, it is then the call of the male to the female. The tainous; and yet the nightingale may be heard in the prosign of displeasure, or fear, is . fitt,' repeated rapidly and per season both by day and by night; indeed, if we be not loudly before adding the terminating .crr;' while that of mistaken, the same bird which sings by day also pours satisfaction, pleasure, and complacency, is a deep 'tack,' forth his strain during the hours of night. which may be imitated by smacking the tongue. In anger, | The song of the nightingale is scarcely continued through jealousy, rivalry, or any extraordinary event, he utters three months, when it ceases, and the bird utters only a hoarse disagreeable sounds, somewhat like a jay or a cat. hoarse croaking cry. At this period, however (August), Lastly, in the season of pairing, during their playful gam- the young males, of the first brood particularly, may be bols, a gentle subdued warbling is all that is heard. heard recording, or warbling as it were, in imitation of
*Nature,' he continues, "has granted these tones to both their parent, whose notes they appear to have studied. sexes; but the male is endowed with so very striking a At the age of five or six years, the nightingale begins to musical talent, that in this respect he surpasses all birds, fail in the execution of his strain, and sinks by broken and has acquired the name of the king of songsters. The snatches, instead of pouring out one continuous stream of strength of his vocal organ is indeed wonderful; and it melody: this also often ocours after one or two years of has been found that the muscles of his larynx are (pro-captivity; it is then recommended to give the prisoner liberty portionally) much more powerful than those of any other in the month of May; and birds so restored to freedom, bird. But it is less the strength than the compass, flexibility, have been known to regain their song in all its original prodigious variety, and harmony of his voice, which make force and beauty; owing, no doubt, to the invigorating inhim so admired by all lovers of the beautiful. Sometimes fluence of fresh air and natural food. dwelling for minutes on a strain composed of only two or 1 And here, it may be asked, Do young birds learn their three melancholy tones, he begins in an undervoice, and lesson, copying the strain of the male parent? or is the swelling it gradually by the most superb crescendo to the song spontaneous and instinct-taught—that is, what they highest point of strength, he ends it by a dving cadence; must and would sing, granting that they had never heard or, it consists of a rapid succession of more brilliant sounds, the voice of any one of their species? We think the followterminated, like many other strains of his song, by some ing theory not improbable. Various birds are expressly detached ascending notes. Twenty-four different strains organized for song, and more than that, for the utterance or couplets may be reckoned in the song of a fine nightin- of certain notes and modulations, more easily than of gale, without including its delicate little variations; for others, and have a certain quality of tone, as we find in among these, as among other musicians, there are some the voice of different people. With the organization engreat performers and many middling ones. This song is abling them to sing, they have at the same time an inso articulate that it may be very well written.
stinctive impulse to sing, and also the faculties of imitation The nightingales of all countries, the south as well as and memory. The strain itself, the succession of notes and the north, appear to sing in the same manner; but there modulations, has to be learned; and most casy to them, is, as has been observed, so great a difference that we can- in every sense, is the strain of their parents—they learn not help acknowledging that one has a great superiority it rapidly—they record it-and, when the proper season ofer another. On points of beauty, however, where the arrives, break forth into the strain of their parents. It senses are judges, each has his own peculiar taste. If one has been remarked that young male nightingales begin to nightingale has the talent of dwelling agreeably on his warble before their tails are quite grown; but if then capnotes, another utters his with peculiar brilliancy; a third tured, they must be put under the instruction of a nightlengthens out his strain in a particular manner; and a ingale which is a good singer, otherwise they will be only fourth excels in the silveriness of his voice. All four may stammerers, mutilating their natural song, and inserting excel in their style, and each will find his admirer; and it in a confused manner, tones and passages which they have is very difficult to decide which merits the palm of victory. caught from other birds.' Of twenty nightingales reared There are, however, individuals so very superior as to from the nest, scarcely one turns out a brilliant and per. unite all the beauties of power and melody; these are fect songster; they seldom possess their natural song in generally birds which, having been hatched with the neces- all its purity, but introduce, in spite of all instruction, sary qualifications, in a district well supplied with nightin- foreign and unpleasing tones. Young birds caught in the gales, appropriate whatever is most striking in the song month of August, and which have learned under their of each. "As the return of the males in spring always pre- parents their music, almost always prove good; especially cedes that of the females by seven or eight days, they sing if in the following spring they are placed beside a fine singer. before and after midnight, in order to attract their com- Mr Daiues Barrington says, the death of the male papanions on their journey during the fine nights. If their rent, just at the time his instructions are required, will aims succeed, they then keep silence during the night, and occasion some variety in the song of the young ones, who salute the dawn with their first accents, which are continued will thus have their attention directed to other birds, the through the day. Some persist, in their first season, in notes of which they will imitate or modify according to singing before and after midnight; whence they have ob- the conformation of their larynx; and they will thus create tained the name of nocturnal nightingales. After repeated new variations, which will be afterwards imitated by their experiments for many successive years, I think I am autho- | young ones, and become hereditary, until a circumstanco rized in affirming that the nocturnal and diurnal niglitin- of a similar nature may introduce greater variations.' No gales form distinct varieties, which propagate regularly; caged canary-bird, we may add, sings a natural notefor if a young bird be taken out of the nest of a night-singer, the habitual strain of the wild race; and no two sing prehe will in turn sing at the same hours as his father, not cisely alike: thcir music is a mixture of that of the nightthe first year, but certainly in the following; while, on the ingale, sky-lark, tree-lark, and others, and is the more other hand, the young of a day-nightingale will never sing agreeable as that of the former predominates. in the night, even when it is surrounded by nocturnal The shrike imitates the voices of various song birds with nightingales. I have also remarked that the night-singers great fidelity. The bullfinch, and other birds, when young, prefer mountainous countries, and even mountains them- will learn strains, or airs, whistled or played to them selves, whilst the others prefer plains, valleys, and the neigh-every day. Thus, then, song birds have the formation of bourhood of water. I will also venture to affirm that all the larynx requisite for the production of notes-an imthe night-singers found in the plains have strayed from pulse to exert their powers—imitation, and memory; but the mountains. Thus, in my neighbourhood (Walterhau- the strain they utter, they have learned. But this does Ben, Saxony), enclosed in the first chains of the mountains not apply to simple cries or tones—as the croak of the of Thuringia, we hear only night-singery: on the plains of raven, the clang of the wild swan, the gobble of the turkey; such noises are due to the conformation of the larynx and the affair, and therefore began to read, more to have it said its muscles, and may be paralleled by the shriek of terror that we had got all the news about her that could be got, or agony, the moaning of anguish, or the sounds of laugh-than with the expectation of being either pleased or proter or weeping, in the human race; in contradistinction to fited. We feared, in short, that instead of the book giving acquired language, or the voice of song;—and that birds us graphic and interesting descriptions of persons and are susceptible of improvement in their music, and capable places, it would be all about Lady Hester. No such thing of increasing the strength and flexibility of the muscles of -Lady Hester is about the dullest performer in the drama. the larynx by practice, as is the human speaker or singer, Like the personages in many a fashionable comedy, the is beyond a question.
waiting maid rejoicing in the name of Mrs Fry, makes a To return from this digression. The nightingale breeds more interesting figure than the mistress. The title of the in dense thickets, in deep embowering hedge-rows, and in volumes before us, we must therefore warn our readers, is close copses, generally in a low position, near or even on a deliberate misnomer. Dr Moore might as well have enthe ground. The nest is very artfully concealed, and is titled his volumes travels in France and Italy, by the Duke composed externally of dry leaves, and lined internally of Hamilton. Brydone might, on the same principle, have with soft hair and vegetable fibres: the eggs, five in num called his travels in Sicily and Malta, those of the noble ber, are of a brownish green; incubation lasts a fortnight. Lord whom he accompanied as tutor. These are the phyThe young are fed with soft insects and caterpillars, and sician's travels, not Lady Hester's. This, as we said at the quit the nest even before they can fairly ily. The food of outset, will to some be a disappointment, but to the majo the nightingale consists of various insects and their larvæ; rity the surprise will prove agreeable. Lady Hester is no and towards the end of summer of various berries, as cur doubt in the carriage with us, but she is either drowsy or rants, elderberries, &c. In confinement, meal-worms and | asleep, and we travel along with her eloquent physician, fresh ant's eggs are the first things which should be offered who tells us the names of all the fine cities, gardens, and to the birds just caught; and when ants' eggs cannot be villages we pass, without annoying us with sarcasm or procured, it is better to set the birds at liberty than sacri- scandal, which, were her clever ladyship herself the chafice them' by forcing upon them improper food. Two or perone, would assuredly be the case. The interest attached three meal-worms a day, in addition to the ants' eggs, are to Lady Hester has, in short, greatly subsided. We consufficient; when none of the latter remain fresh, they must fess her a talented and clever lady, but we feel that in ad. be supplied by dried, or rather roasted ox-heart, and raw miring her, we have been neglectful of others whose merits carrot, both grated, and then mixed with dried ants' eggs' were much more unequivocal, and that we have been se(the pupce of ants). Fresh water, for bathing as well as duced out of an amount of admiration which might with drinking, must be supplied every day—for the caged night more propriety have been bestowed on more deserving ingale habitually bathes after singing; and the utmost at persons. The object for which her ladyship lived was to tention should be paid to cleanliness. For want of care attract notice, and she succeeded. All wherein she differs and proper food, most of these birds soon die after being | from humbler coquettes, is the extent of the sphere in which caged; some have been known to live fifteen years in cap she operated. They are content to ogle a fop or two at tivity; and Bechstein says, “I have an instance of a night church, or in a private ball-room, whereas, perched upon ingale which has lived twenty-five years in confinement.' the cliffs of Lebanon, Lady Hester ogled Britain, France,
This bird, according to the same authority, • is capable, and part of Germany besides. There she sat, rode, stood, after some time, of forming attachments. When once he or lay, scolding pachas, spaeing the fortunes of young has made acquaintance with the person who takes care of artists, travelling at the cost of Fisher & Co., to take drawhim, he distinguishes his step before seeing him; he wel ings of eastern scenes, and gaining praise from Lamartine, comes him by a cry of joy, and, during the moulting season, | by the artful manner in which she feigned madness. And is seen making vain efforts to sing, and supplying by the yet, what after all is Lady Hester. Her uncle Pitt spoils gaiety of his movements, and the expression of his looks, her by injudicious, if after all it was not ironical, or at the demonstrations of joy which his throat refuses to utter. least tipsy flattery. After the death of that statesman, and When he loses his benefactor, he sometimes pines to death; | the concurrence of a variety of unfortunate accidents, she if he survive, it is long before he is accustomed to another.
loses her importance, her occupation is over, liver comHis attachments are long, because they are not hasty; as
plaint is induced, and she becomes interestingly nervous. is the case with all wild and timid dispositions.
The mountains of Wales are tried, but she gets no one to The capture of the nightingale, we are sorry to say, is notice her in the land of leeks. She sets off in a pet for very easy. Notwithstanding its shy disposition, a simple the East, gets shipwrecked at the island of Rhodes, dresses trap, with a few meal-worms for a bait, is sure to secure like a male Turk, and finding the thing to take, makes all it: a bird-catcher may in fact, in a few hours, depopulate possible haste to get into repute. To acquire importance a district of all its nightingales. In most parts of Germany, by such means as her ladyship prs
by such means as her ladyship practised, does appear to it is forbidden, under a heavy penalty, to capture these us of all possible tasks the least difficult. Let any clever birds : we wish the exercise of the bird-catcher's trade was and high-spirited girl, though merely the wealthy heiress everywhere suppressed; we have seen these men spreading of some city merchant, whose name beyond 'Change was their nets at all seasons of the year, with heartless indiffer- never hinted, just try the experiment, and though no lady, ence as to the amount of torture and suffering they are
she will soon get distinction enough. The cliffs of Lebaabout to inflict on unoffending creatures.
non are at present out of the question, but let such a perThe nightingale measures five or six inches in length; | son try Ben Nevis, and rearing a rich and fantastic about the plumage above is brownish grey, tinted with rust red, midway up its steeps, hire Celtic lasses dressed in tartan especially on the lower part of the back and tail; the sides to wait on her, employ a score of kilted and bonneted Celts of the neck, of the chest, and the flanks, grey; throat and with claymore and skenedhu, bear-skin purses, and Bircentre of the chest, and under surface, whitish: purer in mingham pistols, to attend her when she descends the hill; the male.--Our Song Birds.
let her have six bagpipers, and ten stout young fellows who may stand behind her back at night, holding up fir
torches instead of moulded candles; let her keep a good TRAVELS OF LADY HESTER STANHOPE.*
LADI POTER WTANHOPE." table, hang out a banner from the eastern turret of her If this book disappoint many, it will, we do not doubt, romantic castle, inviting all the Cockneys, a few of the please more. We confess ourselves tired of Lady Hester, | Yankees, and most of the Welsh dealers in wool who pay and the task of sitting down to read her travels did appear visits to such districts in the dog-days, to give her a call, to us rather a necessary than a pleasant one. Having read and we predict that in less than five years, if she do not so much about her before, we thought it a pity not to finish | get the celebrity of Lady Stanhope, she will, however, be
much more talked of than either Joanna Baillie, Mary • Forming the completion of her Memoirs. Narrated by her Mittord, or Mrs Crowe...
| Mitford, or Mrs Crowe. . Physician. London: H. Colburn. 3 vols. 8vo. 1846.
| Lady Hester was indeed a singular woman. But she
only stands at the head of a class. We could name coun-able, a little fly will strike the balance. Gibraltar seemed try villages in remote districts of Scotland where there are to me to be a place where no one would live but from nea kind of Lady Stanhopes at the present hour. They have cessity. Provisions and the necessaries of life of all kinds some little wealth, and can purchase consequence, and so were exceedingly dear. The meat was poor and lean; they figure away. Such persons, as well as Lady Stan vegetables were scarce; and servants, from the plenty of hope, can lie abed till five, ringing bells, scolding servants, bad wine, were always drunk. Out-door amusements on writing cards to friends, sending for doctors, and order- a rock, where half the accessible places are to be reached ing soup to be carried to the cottages of the poor. They by steps only, or where a start of a horse would plunge his get the repute of being fine ladies, very clever, but so sin- rider over a precipice, must be, of course, but few; although, gular, so out of the way in their modes of doing things. to horsemen, the neutral ground, which is an isthmus of Now, though her position was loftier and her sphere more sand joining the rock to Spain, affords an agreeable level extensive, Lady Hester was just such a person as these; | for equestrian exercise. This, we are persuaded, will 80 that, all things considered, therefore we are glad to an seem to our readers a very fair commencement. nounce to our readers, that though we intend to furnish After cruising about from place to place, and island to them with extracts from the physician's book, they will not island, in the Levant, the account of which forms very pleahear much of Lady Stanhope herself.
sant reading, they come to Constantinople, where all that The author of these volumes had scarcely completed his one sees is odd and strange, but it is difficult to make anmedical studies, when an invitation to accompany Lady other person understand in what that strangeness consists. Hester Stanhope in the capacity of physician into foreign The mere act of walking in the streets has something in it parts was laid before him and accepted. Her ladyship's incompatible with recreation. There are no carriages or health was not good, and two years' residence in the de- vehicles of any kind, and consequently the streets are so lightful island of Sicily had been recommended for her silent that people's voices are heard as in a room. All the benefit. There is something so fresh, vigorous, and lively, shops are entirely open to the air; you are therefore subin the opening part of the narrative, that we cannot for- jected to the gaze of the shopkeepers; so that the effect is bear giving it entire; and in the author's own words. 'Her similar to what is felt in walking through a hall, with a ladyship, we premise, was, besides her physician, accom- row of servants on each side. All persons of the same panied on her voyage by her half-brother, the Hon. James trade here have their shops in the same place. Thus, there Hamilton Stanhope, and his friend Mr Nassau Sutton. will be a row of tailors, a row of furriers, and a row of
On the 10th of February, 1810, we embarked at Ports- shoemakers; and such a street is called the tailors' bazaar, mouth, on board the Jason frigate, commanded by the Hon. the furriers' bazaar, the shoemakers' bazaar. But, if the James King, having under convoy a fleet of transports and commodities are of a precious nature, or susceptible of inmerchant vessels bound for Gibraltar. Our voyage was jury when exposed to the air or wet, as jewellery, drugs, an alternation of calms and gales. We were seven days and the like, then the street is covered in, the shops are in reaching the Land's End; then, having passed Cape Fi- fitted up in a somewhat more ornamented manner, and the nisterre and Cape St Vincent, we were overtaken, on the place is called bezestan. There was no audience of an 6th of March, bý a violent gale of wind, which dispersed | English ambassador while we were at Constantinople, so the convoy, and drove us so far to leeward that we found that I had not an opportunity of seeing his highness the ourselves on the shoals of Trafalgar. It was for some sultan, excepting on Fridays, when it was his custom to hours uncertain whether we should not have to encounter perform his public devotions at a mosque. The sight was the horrors of shipwreck, on that very shore where so many magnificent and striking, but it is impossible to convey an brave sailors perished after the battle which derives its adequate impression of it in a description: and I can only name from these shoals; but, on the following morning, give the reader a general idea of it. The origin of it, as by dint of beating to windward, under a pressure of sail, we are told, was this—that subsequent to some insurrecin a most tremendous sea, we weathered the land, and tion among the janissaries, in the reign of one of the early gained the Straits of Gibraltar, through which we ran. We sultans, a sort of charter of rights was obtained from their anchored in the Bay of Tetuan, at the back of the promon monarch; one of which was, that, instead of keeping himtory of Ceuta, facing Gibraltar, on the African coast. self shut up in his seraglio, as his predecessors had done, Mount Atlas, the scene of so many of the fables of antiquity, he should show himself once a-week to his faithful subjects; was visible from this point; but its form was far from cor- since which time it has become a custom for him to go responding with the shape pictured by my imagination, publicly to mosque every Friday, which is the Moslem's presenting rather the appearance of a chain of mountains sabbath. On these occasions, when the sultan issues from than of one single mount. The wind abated the next day, the harem, the janissary-aga holds his stirrup whilst he when we weighed anchor, and entered the Bay of Gibral- mounts his horse, and (as I was informed) draws on his tar. As we approached the rock, we were struck with the legs a pair of new yellow boots, a ceremony always regrandeur and singularity of its appearance. Lady Hester peated. To secure a good view, I had taken a convenient and her brother were received at the convent, the residence situation in a street through which the sultan was to pass; of the lieutenant-governor, Lieut. General Campbell. Mr and, presently, the procession approached in the following Sutton and myself had apartments assigned to us in a order. First came some dozens of water-carriers, who house adjoining the convent, where we occasionally par- bore skins of water across their backs, with which they laid took of the hospitality of Colonel M.Coomb, of the Corsican the dust as they advanced. On the right and left of the Rangers, although we dined and lived principally at the street was a double file of janissaries. Bostangis, with Governor's palace. I visited the fortifications in company knotted whips, kept the crowd from pressing on the prowith the Lieutenant-Governor and Captain Stanhope. As cession. Next to the water-carriers came a group of nonI had never before sailed to a latitude so southern as Gib-descript persons; grooms to hold horses, servants to unraltar, I was much struck with the difference of tempera- robe their effendis or masters, and other hangers-on or atture into which we were now transported. There were tendants of great men. After these, upon a finely capariflowers in bloom, shrubs in leaf, and other appearances of soned horse, surrounded by a dozen valets on foot, followed an early spring; and I hastened, the morning after our a fierce-looking Turk, with a black beard; and I and my arrival, to enjoy the luxury of bathing in the sea. These companion exclaimed, Here comes the sultan:'-it was feelings of pleasure at the change of climate were, however, only his coffee-bearer. We made the like remark at a segreatly abated by the attacks to which we were daily and cond and a third; but they were his stool, sword, and pipenightly exposed from the mosquitoes, which entirely de- bearers, who, with the emblems of office in their hands, stroyed our rest. How impartial has nature been in all passed in succession. The surprise which the splendour her dealings! Go where you will, if you sum up the amount of these inferior officers of the palace excites is increased of good and evil, every country will be found to have about when the captain pasha, the reis effendi, the kakhya bey, an equal portion of both; and, in many cases, where pro- and the grand vizier, pass by, muffled in pelisses worth vidence has seenoed to be more beneficent than was equit-£200 each, wearing in their girdles hangers or daggers