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tion of the game of war; but these will never eradicate the was suspended, and a short conversation ensued on the principle. The tendency to war has its origin in elements | business to which the papers related, in which the young with which the religion of Christ only can successfully man acquitted himself so much to the president's satisfacgrapple. This, we are glad to observe, is now distinctly tion, as to draw from him a very handsome compliment on recognised in the majority of the speeches delivered at his knowledge and proficiency in the law. The conversa Peace meetings, and especially, as we have already said, tion then turned to general topics, and was prolonged with at the recent Glasgow one. In a subsequent number we much pleasure, while the young lady made tea; and aftershall enter more into detail; and we shall endeavour to wards, at her father's desire, sung, and played some Scotch furnish our readers with all the information, in reference airs on the harpsichord. The youth was struck with every to Peace Society movements, which may be necessary for particular of the scene in which he had borne a part; and inducing them to give attention to a subject vastly im his ardent mind, as he was wont himself to relate, caught portant at all times, but intensely so at the present mo instant fire from the impression. • Happy the man,' said ment.
he to himself, whose old age, crowned with honour and dignity, can thus repose itself after the labours of the day in
the bosom of his family, amidst all the elegant enjoyments BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.
that affluence justly earned can command ! Such are the
fruits of eminence in the profession of the law. From that LORD KAMES.
moment Mr Home resolved to abandon the more limited HENRY HOME, an eminent lawyer, and one of the most dis occupation of a writer, and qualify himself for being an tinguished men that has adorned the Scottish bench, be advocate before the Supreme Court.' longed to an honourable and ancient family, and was born Having resolved to follow the profession of a barrister, at Kames, in the county of Berwick, in the year 1696. His he commenced a most laborious and extensive course of father was a landholder; he was bred to no profession, and study, which he pursued with an ardour and enthusiasm having a large family and an income much smaller than rarely surpassed. The classics, mathematics, metaphysics, his style of living required, he so reduced his fortune, that as well as the dry and uninteresting details of Scottish law, when the subject of this sketch came to manhood, he found occupied his attention; and to his credit be it told, that in he had nothing to trust to for his future support but his each of these branches he was eminent; and in each of own talents and exertions. Henry, at first, was much them he was his own instructor. grieved at knowing that the family estate had been so cur In January, 1723, Mr Home was called to the bar. The tailed as to prevent him from being the country gentleman,' Court of Session was then composed of men of high emias his ancestors had been; but he soon perceived that it nence, and the bar could boast of the most distinguished was good for him that he had no fortune to depend upon; advocates that ever pled before a bench. The celebrity of and to this, in after life, he uniformly ascribed his great his compeers, whilst it kindled his emulation, was for a eminence and success. He was persuaded that, had he time a barrier to his prosperity, and therefore, for several been born to affluence, or even to competency, his name years, he had few briefs and little pay. The following would never have obtained that high place in law and anecdote relating to this period is creditable to him, and literature which it has long held, and which it will continue shows us the early difficulties with which he had to struggle: to bold in the records of distinguished Scotchmen.
During the first years of my attendance at the bar,' says We have little to tell regarding his early history. He he, when my finances were very slender, and quite unwas a smart lively boy; was educated at home under a equal to that expensive style of living in which my comprivate tutor of the name of Wingate, a man of high talent panions had engaged me, I found, on summing up my acand acquirements; but, according to his pupil's testimony, counts, that I had unawares contracted debts to the amount a most severe disciplinarian. So rigid was he in Henry's of £300. What is to be done?' said I; I must not estimation, that he remembered his severity till his death, burden my father with this-he cannot afford it.' I withand delighted in narrating how, many years after, he pun drew at once from that society, and lived in the most priished the tutor for the chastisements which he received vate manner till I had cleared off the debt.' From this when under his guardianship at Kames. Mr Wingate had | period better days dawned upon the young advocate, and purchased a small piece of land, and in order to guard an opportunity soon occurred to bring into view his shinagainst defects in the title-deeds he consulted Mr Home, | ing talents, and to inspire him with some hope of future then in the height of his reputation as a lawyer. After success. The case was an intricate competition among the examining carefully the parchments, he addressed himself creditors of a bankrupt. Having written an able paper on to Wingate, affecting to be much excited : Pray, sir, is the subject, Lord Minto, on coming down from the bench, your bargain finally concluded ?' • Not only so,' said Win- | took him by the hand and said, “Mr Home, I am glad to gate, “but the price is paid.' 'How unlucky!' said Mr see your name at this paper, it is good reasoning, and Home, and here he began to point out numberless flaws closely to the point; you have done like an able mathemawhich would lead to endless litigation, which made the tician, thrown out all the useless quantities, and given us sweat run in streams from the brow of the pedagogue; only the equations. This compliment from such a quarand after he had alarmed him for a little, he said, · Mr Win ter was exceedingly gratifying to a young man who had gate, you may remember how you made me smart of yore been fighting his way for years at the bar, and who up to for very small offences; now, I think our accounts are this period had received little patronage, and less remune cleared, take up your parchments, and go home with an ration. His career now became prosperous in a high deeasy mind; your titles are excellent.'
gree. When the helpless barrister, he was the hard student; After young Home had received all the education which and, as a proof of his diligence, he published at this time a it was supposed his hard tutor could give him, he entered folio volume of · Remarkable Decisions in the Court of Sesthe office of a writer to the signet in Edinburgh. His pur sion, from 1716 to 1728;' a work which drew forth the pose then was to qualify himself for the profession of a so commendations of judges, advocates, and the leading memlicitor before the Supreme Court; but a very trifling inci bers of the legal profession. In 1732, he published • Essays dent changed his mind, and led him to choose another and on Several Subjects in Law,' which excited universal admia better field for the development of his genius. • One ration, stamped his character as a profound and scientific Winter evening,' writes his biographer, ' his master sent lawyer, and gained him such celebrity at the bar, that he him with some papers to the house of Sir Hew Dalrymple, was engaged as counsel in cases of the highest importthen President of the Court of Session, who lived in a sort | ance. of suburban villa at the end of Bristo Street. He was shown In 1741, Mr Home married Miss Agatha Drummond, a into the parlour, a very elegant apartment, where a daugh- younger daughter of James Drummond, Esq.of Blair, in the ter of the president, a beautiful young lady, was perform- county of Perth, a clever, kind, and amiable lady. As their ing & piece of music on the harpsichord, while the vener- / income was not large, especially for the extensive circle of able judge sat by her with his book on the table. The music friends with whom they were associated, there was a ne
cessity for considerable household economy, to which the Deity from being the author of sin, has been found hitherto young wife paid the most scrupulous attention. The only to exceed all the power of philosophy-happy if she be thing, it would seem, in which her husband thought her thence sensible of her temerity when she pries into these extravagant, was the purchasing of old china, of which sublime mysteries; and leaving a scene so full of obscurishe was passionately fond. To cure her of the propensity, ties and perplexities, return with suitable modesty to her he derised this expedient; he made a will bequeathing to true and proper province--the examination of common life her the whole china which should be found in his posses- - where she will find difficulties enow to employ her insion at his death; and this deed he immediately put into quiries, without launching into so boundless an ocean of her hand. Having perused it, she saw at once for whose doubt and uncertainty. benefit the document had been prepared, smiled at the In 1752, Mr Home was appointed one of the judges of the
plot,' and like a prudent lady resolved to make no more Court of Session, and took his seat on the bench under the purchases. But, with the exception of this little matter of title of Lord Kames. The appointment gave universal satisthe 'old china,' Mrs Home was every thing in the estima- faction. Nor did he disappoint the expectations which were tion of her husband; and the union, which was long con- formed of him; for, with all his superiority of talent, lite. tinued, was of the happiest description.
rary attainments, and accurate and extensive acquaintance Mr Home continued to prosecute his studies with his with the jurisprudence of his country, he was diffident and wonted ardour. He rose early-in summer about five, and unassuming, and most courteous and respectful to those who in winter two hours before daybreak. He devoted the were associated with him. Equally so was he to those who mornings to preparing for the court, and the evenings to pled before him; "he listened with patience and a becomstudy, unless engaged with business or with friends. ing regard to the arguments of the senior counsel, from As & proof of his diligent study and research, he pub- whom he expected light and information; and with a kind lished in this year, in two volumes folio, a Dictionary indulgence to those of the younger barristers, whose diffiof Decisions of the Court of Session, from its first institu- dence he loved to animate by the urbanity of his demeanour, tion to the year 1740,' a work of much labour, and of the and whose early indications of ability he delighted to fosgreatest utility to every practical lawyer. With him it ter-a most engaging and amiable feature of his mind, was a rule never to be idle; and his time was so divided, which was not only conspicuous in his character as a judge, and he was so careful in hushanding it, that it was no but attended him in every department of his private and trivial matter which would make him break in upon the public life.' With such a kind and gentlemanly bearing, hours which he had set apart for reading and study. The with such professional and moral qualifications, Lord result of this close application was, that he rose rapidly Kames was not long in his new situation till he was rein public estimation, not merely as an advocate, but as a garded as one of the greatest ornaments of the Scottish scholar; and as a further proof of his studious habits, as bench. An individual well qualified to judge (Adam Smith) well as his high intellectual qualifications, he published in said, years after,. We must every one of us acknowledge 1747 a Treatise on British Antiquities,' which gained him Kames for our master.' great celebrity as a writer. Indeed, by this time, his ta- Lord Kames was now in the zenith of his popularity; lents were appreciated not merely by his rivals at the bar, and, as a mark of the high esteem in which he was held by the judges on the bench, and the literati of the metropolis, his country, he was associated with the board of trustees but by learned men in various parts of the world, with for the encouragement of the fisheries, arts and manufacwhom he carried on a regular correspondence, and some tures of Scotland, and chosen one of the commissioners for of whom courted his suggestions and criticisms on their the management of the forfeited estates annexed to the works, both before and after their publication. Among crown, the rents of which were to be applied to the imthe rest were Dr Samuel Clarke, Bishop Butler, David provement of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland. These Hume, and Benjamin Franklin.
appointments were important, the duties onerous, and yet, Hitherto Mr Home had employed his pen on works of with all his professional labours, he was seldom absent from jurisprudence, or on subjects connected with it. But a meeting, generally officiating as chairman, and taking a scarcely had his essays on · British Antiquities' issued principal part in all their proceedings. It is not too much from the press, when he directed his acute and philo- to say, that to the stimulus thus given to husbandry and sophical mind to metaphysical studies; and, notwithstand- manufactures by his activity and public spirit, is to be asing the pressure of his professional employment, he, in cribed much of that advancement which has since been 1751, gave to the world • Essays on the Principles of Mo- made in these branches of national prosperity. He excited rality and Natural Religion.' The work was replete with the emulation of many a landholder in reference to the imingenuity; full of clear, masterly reasoning. It excited provement and cultivation of his property, and kindled the general attention, gave rise to much controversy, and spirit of honourable rivalry in many departments of comwas extremely obnoxious to a great part of the Scot- mercial enterprise. In carrying out the plans projected tish nation. It was supposed by some to be infidel in its by him as a member of these important commissions, he tendency; was severely criticised in many quarters; and showed the same deference to the opinions of others, the the author being a member of the Church of Scotland, an same kindness and courtesy to his associates, as well as to attempt was made to have him censured for it at the bar the poorer classes of the community, whose condition he of the General Assembly. But after the work was more wished to benefit, for which he had hitherto been distincarefully examined, and he had made certain explana- guished. Dr John Walker, professor of natural history, tions, and retracted a few of the more offensive express narrates the following circumstance connected with these sions, the matter was quashed, and no censure was inflicted. appointments, which is alike honourable to his lordship and And perhaps this was the best conclusion to which they his excellent lady. I have frequently,' said he, visited could have come; for the question of Liberty and Neces- him on a morning ; and his breakfast, which was at an sity'—the question which caused all this debate-is one on early hour, was a very elegant one, and usually a sort of which great and good men have long differed, and is at levee—those of his acquaintance who came to ask his advice tended with difficulties, whatever view is advocated. The or talk to him on matters that interested them; young language of an eminent writer who adopted Mr Home's lawyers who walked with him to the court (as the Patroni sentiments, but who did not possess his religious princi- were attended of old at Rome); and sometimes strangers ples, is very correct, and deserves the attention of both who had been recommended to his attention and patronage; parties : These are mysteries which mere natural unas- and I seldom missed finding in the lobby some tradesmen sisted reason is very unfit to handle; and whatever system or countrymen who came to speak to him about applications she embraces, she must find herself involved in inextricable they had made to the board of trustees for bounties, or difficulties, and even contradictions, at every step which premiums for new inventions, or to the commissioners of anshe takes in regard to such subjects. To reconcile the in- nexed estates; and all such applications he listened to with difference and the contingency of human action with pre- the utmost attention. To do Mrs Drummond justice, she science, or to defend absolute decrees, and yet frco the never failed to remind him of those poor petitioners and their claims, in which she took a very great interest. She moval of the Moss of Kincardine, a level swamp of about Tas an admirable woman, and seconded all her husband's four miles in length, and from one to two miles in breadth, useful plans and intentions.
situated between the rivers Forth and Teith, immediately But though his lordship was much occupied with these above their confluence. It contained about 2000 Scots official appointments and his professional engagements, he acres, of which 1500 belong to the estate of Blairdrumderoted a portion of his time to study, and in 1757 he pub- mond; and his lordship's plan, which appeared to many lisbed a most useful and elaborate work, entitled, the chimerical, was to remove the body of the moss, from eight *Statute Law of Scotland, with Historical Notes.' Two to nine feet deep, by floating it down the Forth by means years after, be published . Historical Law Tracts,' fourteen of ditches, and to bring into cultivation the valuable subin number, which have received the most unqualified soil. His lordship had the pleasure of seeing the plan sucpraise from the most eminent writers on law-politics and cessfully though partially executed, and his son, Mr Drummorals, both in our own and other countries. The year mond Home, carried on the operations on a scale more exfollowing, be gave to the public a work entitled • Principles tensive, which have now been brought to a termination. of Equity;' which gives an excellent specimen of the By his ingenuity, energy, and public spirit, he added much fertility of his mind, as well as of his unwearied applica- valuable land to his beautiful and delightful property; tion. Scarcely had the last of these laborious and valuable made the swampa corn-field; erected upon it substantial and publications issued from the press, than appeared his · Art elegant buildings, and peopled it with hundreds of intelliof Thinking,' a work originally intended for the instruction gent, industrious, and prosperous Scotchmen, where, less of his own family, but which, in consequence of its sim- than a century before, there was not a human habitation. plicity, and the beautiful stories and historical anecdotes Had Lord Kames done nothing but improved Kincardine with which it was interspersed, became a favourite with all Moss,* he is entitled to the praise of his countrymen, and who were devoting their attention to the education of the to be regarded as one of the greatest practical farmers, young. It was of this publication that the great Franklin and most successful agriculturists that Scotland has prospoke in one of his letters to his lordship: . In your truly duced. valuable book,' says he, ‘ you sow thick on the young mind The improvements which his lordship made on the estate the seeds of goodness concerning moral conduct. Permit me of Blairdrummond, the capital which he expended in to say that I think I never saw more solid useful matter beautifying and adorning it, the encouragement which he contained in so small a compass, and yet the method and gave to industry, both to agriculture and trade, attracted expression so clear, that the brevity occasions no obscurity.' the attention of many of our Scottish landholders, and led But valuable though this treatise was, a still more valu them to seek his advice, and imitate his example. Indeed, able and extraordinary production issued next year from so desirous was he to stimulate his countrymen, but espehis pen—his · Elements of Criticism'-which put all for- cially the nobility, to encourage industry and give employmer writers on the subject into the shade, and which is ment to their dependants, that for a time he did little else still regarded as one of the best treatises on the subject than ply dukes and duchesses, earls and countesses, lords which our language contains.
and ladies, with facts and arguments bearing on the subject In 1763 Lord Kames was appointed one of the Lords of of national improvement. His letters to these distinguished Justiciary, an office which he held till his death, and the personages are written with such clearness and kindness, duties of which he discharged with great ability and recti- and contain such an amount of useful information, as well as trade. After his elevation to this honourable and respon- sound morality, that they will richly repay a careful perusal. able position, he did not, for a time, engage in any par- As a specimen, we give the following paragraph from one ticular literary occupation, though he continued his habits addressed to the Duchess of Gordon : The Duke of Gordon of diligent study and patient research. He carried on his may justly be reckoned the greatest subject in Britain; epistolary correspondence with several of the most eminent not from the extent of his rent-roll, but from a much more scholars of this and other countries, took an active share valuable property-the number of people whom Providence in the public boards to which we have referred, suggested has put under his government and protection. God forbid a survey of the Western Islands, and made every possible the duke should imbibe the sentiments of too many of his exertion to introduce manufactures, and thereby improve elevated rank, that these people are merely beasts of burthe condition of that much neglected portion of our country. den, and that it is allowable to squeeze out of them all At that time Dr John Walker, the gentleman appointed to that can be got. In point of morality, I consider that make the survey, informs us, that the most fertile lands the people upon our estates are trusted by Providence Fere without cultivation; that the most valuable fisheries to our care, and that we are accountable for our managewere without lines or nets; that the coasts were swarming ment of them to the great God, their Creator as well as with fishes, but that the people had not sufficient boats, ours.' and, what was worse, no salt, nor casks to preserve the In 1766 Lord Kames published another folio volume of fiah; that the spinning-wheel had been introduced but was Remarkable Decisions of the Court of Session from 1730 meeting with much opposition; that, though naturally an to 1752,' decisions which had occurred during his own acute and sagacious people, they were perfectly idle, and, practice at the bar. In 1773 he published, in two volumes, 13 a consequence, miserable. On receiving this report, his Sketches of the History of Man'-' the child of his grey lordship left no stone unturned by which he might raise the hairs,' as he termed it--a work which had long occupied inhabitants of these islands from their state of semi-bar- his attention. It consists of a great variety of facts and barism; he urged the proprietors by every possible argu-observations regarding the nature of man; contains much ment to bestir themselves in the matter; used his influence useful and curious information, and is a most lively and with the board to aid the inhabitants in procuring what entertaining production. Some of the views advanced are,
as necessary for carrying on and extending their fishing to say the least of them, of a novel description; and the puboperations, to introduce the arts, and to cultivate the soil; lication excited great attention, and called forth not a little and he had the happiness, if not of seeing great improve controversy. Among those who condemned certain of his ments, at all events of beholding an auspicious commence lordship's opinions, was Dr Doig, master of the grammartaent of a state of things, which but for him would not then school at Stirling; and as the author regarded him as the bare taken place.
sturdiest opponent, as well as the most honourable, the folIn the year 1766 Lord Kames received a large addition lowing anecdote may not be uninteresting. The letters to his income by the succession to the estate of Blairdrum were written anonymously, dated Stirling, and addressed to mond, which devolved on his wife by the death of her him at Blairdrummond, and, being anxious to discoyer the brother, George Drummond, Esq. Here he generally author, he presented them to an intimate and accomplished spent the racation seasons, improving the estate, giving employment to the industrious, and extending his benevolence to the poor, and to those who were unfitted to work. |
. An account of this great undertaking, of the process for clear.
ing away the moss, and the macbinery employed in it, are to be Une of the most remarkable of his projects was the re- I found in the Encyclopædia Brilannica, under the article Moss.
friend, Dr Graham Moir of Leckie, saying, In the name of My dear child, don't talk of my disease; I have no disease wonder, doctor, what prodigy of learning have you got in but old age. I know that Mrs Drummond and my son are Stirling, who is capable of writing these letters, which I of a different opinion; but why should I distress them sooner i received a few days ago ?' The doctor, after glancing over than is necessary? I know well that no physician on earth a few pages, answered—“I think-I think I know him. can do me the smallest service, for I feel that I am dying, There is but one man who is able to write these letters, and my mind is prepared for that event. I leave this world and a most extraordinary man he is—David Doig, the in peace and good will to all mankind. You know the dread master of our grammar-school.' •What!' said Lord Kames, I have had of outliving my faculties; of that, I trust, there is
a genius of this kind within a few miles of my house, and now no great probability, as my body decays so fast. My life I never to have heard of him !-and a fine fellow, too! | has been a long one, and prosperous, on the whole, beyond He teils his mind roundly and plainly-I love him for my deserts; but I would fain indulge the hope that it has that; he does not spare me-I respect him the more. You not been useless to my fellow-creatures. My last wish remust make us acquainted, my good doctor. I will write garded my son and you, my dear child, and I have seen it him a card, and to-morrow, if you please, you shall bring accomplished. I am now ready to obey my Maker's sumhim to dine with me.' The meeting took place; the sub- mons.' He then poured forth a short but solemn and imject was discussed; and, though neither could boast of mak pressive prayer; and on leaving the garden, where this ing a convert of his antagonist, a cordial friendship was interview took place, he said, “This is my last farewell to formed, and a literary correspondence begun which was this place; I think I shall never see it more I go to town continued till his lordship's death.
chiefly to satisfy Mrs Drummond; but go where I will, I The improvement of agriculture in Scotland, as we have know I am in the hands of Almighty God.? Indeed, his secn, was an object which had occupied much of Lord presentiment regarding the near approach of death was 80 Kames's attention; and, in order to its further advance strong, that he was displeased when his recovery was ment, when in his eightieth year, he published a work en- hinted at by any of the family; but, in order to gratify his titled the Gentleman Farmer, being an Attempt to Im- beloved wife, he left Blairdrummond in the beginning of prove Agriculture by subjecting it to the Test of Rational November, and took up his residence in Edinburgh. On Principles. At the time of its publication, it was regarded the first day of the session, he took his seat on the bench; as an excellent treatise on husbandry, unequalled by any but finding his strength rapidly failing, he, after a few former production; and notwithstanding all the discoveries days, took a separate, affectionate, and solemn farewell of which have been made in science, and the improvements each of the judges. He said that he would never be in which have taken place in the cultivation of the soil, it is court or see them agnin, and he was right, for, on the 27th still a work which any practical farmer may peruse with December, 1782, he died. much advantage. So excellent a treatise on a branch Thus closed a long, active, and useful life-a life of unof industry then in its infancy in Scotland, and from the ceasing exertion for the public good. Industry and public pen of one so high in station and eminent in talent, ex. spirit were the qualities for which he was distinguished; cited the attention of the landholders, and of the more in- | and these, in union with his high talents, gained for him telligent of the farming population, and did much to stimu- the eminence he so long adorned. Few before him devoted late them to increased energy and enterprise. The book be so much time to advance trade and agriculture, or took such came a favourite in high quarters; a copy of it was pre an active part in the making and repairing of turnpike sented to his Majesty George III., for which he returned roads, erecting bridges, building comfortable houses for the his thanks, with an expression of his esteem for the author, poor and industrious portion of the population, and proand his delight at knowing that agriculture was being pa curing for them suitable and remunerating employment. tronised in the north by men of talent and attainments. Of all such patriotic schemes he was the zealous advocate,
Lord Kames was now fourscore years, and it might have and he was ever ready to support them with his pen, his been supposed that he would now lay aside his pen, and purse, or personal influence." Nor was it simply agriculcrown 'a youth of labour with an age of ease.' But his tural and manufacturing projects in which he took an inmental powers were still vigorous, his constitution little im terest. Of several of the literary and scientific institutions paired, and he retained all his early vivacity, and studied of the day he was the parent and the patron. as closely as at any former period of his history. As Lord Kames was a man of great uprightness; most conevidences of his intellectual vigour and unwearied appli- scientious in the discharge of the duties of every office to cation, he published · Elucidation respecting the Common which he was appointed; sincere in his friendships; open and Statute Law of Scotland,' and shortly after another in his manners; free from pride of rank; and devoid of volume of. Select Decisions of the Court of Session.' From everything like literary ostentation; and according to the ! this time his faculties began to fail, though his mind was testimony of an excellent clergyman, 'an eminently devout yet so strong that, in his eighty-fifth year, he published a man. He was fond of conversation, but abhorred everyvolume, entitled • Loose Hints upon Education, chiefly con thing like gossip; was never known to whisper detraction, cerning the Culture of the Heart.' This, in some respects, far less scandal; and when such a spirit was displayed is the most remarkable of his productions, especially when in his presence, he invariably checked it. He was nawe take into account his advanced age, and that it is an turally amiable; studied all his life to give no man needunfinished work; for, fearing his end was at hand, he less offence; and when offence was taken, he was much was willing,' he tells us, that it should appear in a loose grieved, and was always ready to make an acknowledge attire, rather than that he should end his life under the ment. A remarkable illustration we have of this feature painful regret that he had left anything undone which of character in the case of Dr Blacklock, who was offended could benefit mankind.' The plan recommended, the ad- at his lordship on account of the following passage in his vices given, the loose hints' thrown out, are all admi- Sketches of Man:'-Man, an imitative animal, is prone rable; and, though the language is perhaps not so correct to copy others; and, by imitation, external behaviour as in his former publications, yet it is pleasing to think is nearly uniform among those who study to be agreeable; that such a production should have closed the literary witness people of fashion in France. I am acquainted labours of this highly gifted man. When Lord Kames had with a blind man, who, without moving his feet, is connearly completed his eighty-sixth year, his health began stantly balancing from side to side, excited probably by somo greatly to decline, and he believed his death was not far internal impulse. Had he been endowed with eye-sight, off. He was residing at Blairdrummond, and his family he would have imitated the manners of others.' Having thought that, by his removal to Edinburgh, the skill and learned that the doctor was displeased with the above reattention of his medical friend, Dr Cullen, might be the ference, he immediately addressed the following letter to means of recruiting him, and protracting his life. But he a common friend :- You did well to send me the letter redid not think so himself; and when his daughter-in-law lative to Dr Blacklock; and I must beg of you that you will hinted that a visit to the city might be attended with good immediately wait on that gentleman in my name, and asresults, he said, with an earnest and animated expression, I sure him of my particular regard, and that I have ever
esteemed him as a man of genius, and a good man. He the hearth, the curtains were drawn, the little work-table knows, indeed, that I have endeavoured to serve him by stood between my aunt and myself, and on it were placed recommending young men to his care in attending their candles and various implements of feminine employment. elocation. You may assure him, at the same time, that I I could not work, for the rain had prevented my attending beartily regret that I should involuntarily have given him a delightful party, and I was too unused to disappointment any offence. I say involuntarily, for I would rather have to bear even so trivial a one with philosophy. So I watched put my manuscript into the fire, than I would knowingly my aunt as she sat buşily employed with her knitting, till bare treated him ill, or any man of virtue. If you perceive I could bear it no longer. It really was very provoking to that he is still any way disobliged or uneasy, you may as- see her seated in her great arm-chair, knitting round after sure him from me that the passage shall be struck out in round, her composure not at all ruffled either by the miseany new edition of the book.
rable weather or by my demonstrations of uneasiness. In addition to the writings - enumerated above, Lord Sauntering to the window I withdrew the curtain, and Kanee published various articles in the periodicals of the stood listening to the pattering of the rain, and musing on day, among which may be mentioned essays on Evapora- | the selfishness of old maids. I was roused from my amiable ton,' the laws of Motion,'and “the Advantages of Shallow reverie by my aunt's voice: Ploughing.' The most of his publications have had an ex- Come here, my dear,' she said; “I am sorry for your tensive circulation; and though some of his opinions in disappointment; but as it is inevitable, suppose I try to porals and metaphysics have been keenly controverted, and lighten the dulness of the evening by relating those inciregarded by some as erroneous and dangerous, yet all must dents of my past life, which I know have excited your cusrimit that his writings are original and talented, showing riosity, and which have left me a melancholy, and but for the hand of a master in argumentation. His character you, Fanny, a desolate old maid. 38 a writer has been thus delineated, and we think cor- My conscience instantly smote me for having indulged rectly: "His disquisitions have much the air of a pleading in peevish thoughts of my kind relative; and as I looked or an oration; he generally speaks in the first person; at her wasted form, and marked the flush that mounted to makes frequent apostrophes as an orator to his audi- her pale but still beautiful cheek, I felt that, in recurring ence; appeals to the judgment or the feelings of his to the past, she was making a most painful effort for my reader; and from time to time arouses him by a direct call gratification, and I was half disposed to beg her to forego mpon his attention, as if he suspected it to be wandering. her intention. But curiosity prevailed; so I returned to He frequently supposes an antagonist pleading against him, the fire, and, taking up my work, prepared to listen to and supporting with ingenuity the opposite side of the dis
MY AUNT'S STORY. pate; he puts a home question; presses a point conceded by his opponent; allows the weight of some of his argu My father died while I was an infant, and my mother ments ; corrects mistakes, as scorning to take an unfair was left with a competent fortune, and only two children, advantage; but never fails in the end to claim a complete both girls. My sister was several years older than myself, victory. This gives a sort of dramatic interest to his rea- and was married while I was yet a child. Her residence sonings, which, even when employed on the most abstruse was in a distant state, and my mother, thus left with enbjects, arc seldom apt to fatigue his readers, hut convey nothing else to love, regarded me with a fondness almost profound instruction without the formality and the dryness amounting to idolatry, and her indulgence knew no bounds. of a professed lecture. On the whole, if we cannot con The town in which we resided not affording the means of sistently with impartial criticism admit that Lord Kames completing my education, I was sent, at the age of fifteen, is either an elegant, a pure, or a correct writer, we must to a fashionable boarding-school about forty miles distant a??ow that his composition is always clear and perspicuous, from my home. At first, I felt the separation from my announcing his meaning with precision, simple in its struc- | mother severely; but I was of a gay careless temper, and the ture, aiming at no ambitious ornaments; and that his man- | society of my young companions soon reconciled me to my ter poseesses an agreeable animation and earnestness, new abode. Among my schoolmates was one whose sweet which fixes the attention of the reader, while it convinces and gentle manners won my regard almost immediately; him that the author speaks from a firm persuasion of the and the undisguised expression of my feelings soon elicited truth of the doctrines he inculcates.'
similar ones in return. In a few months, our intimacy bad In personal appearance, Lord Kames was extremely ripened into inseparable friendship. tall, but rather slender; when young, he was very erect, | Helen Howard was about my own age, and though she ba: in his latter years he had a considerable stoop in | had no pretensions to beauty, yet the soft intelligence of Lis uit. He had a large forehead, an expressive eye, and a her countenance, and the peculiarly graceful and lady-like ematenance radiant with intelligence. We close this sketch character of her person, rendered her appearance extremely with the following eulogy upon his character from the pen prepossessing. Her disposition, too, though timid and of one of the most distinguished men that Scotland has somewhat reserved, was yet so amiable, and her manners produced : It is difficult to say whether that worthy man so gentle, that she was a universal favourite, and I loved Fas more eminent in active life or in speculation ; very rare
her with all the enthusiasm which was at that time a prohave been the instances where the talents of both have been | minent feature of my character. Her father was an united in so eminent a degree. His genius and industry Episcopal clergyman in one of the southern states. He in many different branches of literature, will, by his works, was a widower, and had no other child. Helen talked be known to posterity. His private virtues and public so fondly of her quiet and beautiful home, of the peaceful spirit-his assiduity through a long and laborious life in village in which her early days were passed, that she Dany honourable public offices with which he was in- kindled in my mind an earnest desire to visit the scenes trusted--and bis zeal to encourage every thing that tended she so feelingly described. Accordingly, when, at the end to the improvement of his country in laws, literature, com of my second year at school, Helen was about returning terte, manufactures, and agriculture—are best known to home, I solicited and obtained from my indulgent parent is friends and cotemporaries.'
(who, indeed, could refuse me nothing) permission to accompany her. We performed the journey under the pro
tection of an elderly gentleman, a friend of Mr Howard. MY AUNT'S STORY;
who was returning to the south, after a sojourn of several OR, THE REWARD OF COQUETRY.
months in the city, in the neighbourhood of which our school
was situated. We were within one day's journey of Mr BY A LADY OF MARYLAND.
Howard's residence, and Helen and I had retired for the It was a gloomy, cheerless evening. The rain had poured night to our apartment at the hotel where we stopped, un torrents all day, and had now settled down to a dull when she said to me in a hesitating voice- Oh, Marion, I Grizzle. Our little parlour, however, presented a complete had forgot to tell you that you will see someone else at the contrast to the discomfort without. A bright fire burned on parsonnge besides my father. His health has not been