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The atmosphere serves as the abode of birds, and the a doggrel couplet fasten so perversely upon your memory, !| medium of transmitting the light which cheers and illu- | that it kept gnawing there for days together? Did you erer minates. It acts as the great repository of clouds and have a Jim Crow bar of music rattling in your ear, like a rains, whiclı perform so important a part in the economy pebble in a calabash ? These are all veritable jumbies! of nature. Vapours ascend by means of heat, become con- But 'tis very arbitrary, say you, to fis such an outlandish densed in the upper regions of the air, float about in the epithet upon those well-known mental phenomena. Excuse forin of clouds, which refresh hy their cooling shade, and me: the epithet, as you disdainfully call it, is a real word descend upon the earth as fertilising showers. It is also —a word some thousands of years old, probably. It exthe medium of sound, which enables us to correspond by presses, too, a distinct idea; it has a definite meaning; and spoken language, and delights us by the sweet cadence of thus fulfilling a clear mission of thought, it is, to my mind, music. The faculty of speech would be useless unless uncouth as it seems, far more respectable than your genesomething were provided to cause and communicate sound. ralising phrase of “ mental phenomenon. At all events, Man would be almost as unable to impart a knowledge of the manner in which I first became acquainted with the his wants and wishes as the dumb creation; we would full dignity of the term can never be effaced from my me not experience the overpowering iniluence, the thrilling in- mory. terest, and inspired bursts of the accomplished orator; the | Many years since, I found myself, one dismal autumn divine melody of the groves, the living tones of the lyre, day, on the edge of one of the largest prairies of our northand the melting accents of the voice, but for the air, would west territory, debating with a fellow-traveller the expenever fall on the raptured ear. One of the most important diency of attempting to cross it so lote in the season. The purposes of the atmosphere is in supporting respiration objections were threcfold. In the first place, the prairie and combustion. It is ascertained that animals and vege- had been lately burned, and it would be necessary to carry tables, when exclusled from the air, soon decay and die; all our provender with us. In the next, the season was so that it is the food which nourishes our fires and lamps, and late that there was danger of snow; and there being no enables them to impart heat and light. It is, moreover, re- islands of timber to shelter us, no means of guidance, sare markable that the oxygen of the atmosphere, which is con- a compass, in case of a storm of any violence, we should sumed by the respiration of animals, is evolved during the almost inevitably lose our way, and starve or perish from day by vegetables; and that carbonic acid gas, which is exposure to the elements. The third objection was the rejected from the lungs of animals, and which, when breath- condition of my own health. All these were eventually ed, proves destructive to them, is inhaled by vegetables, and over-ruled, and we started on a clear November morning. rendered subservient to their growth. The nice equilibrium with a negro servant as attendant; each of us mounted on of the gases is preserved, and animals and vegetables are one of the long-limbed horses of the country, with a sumprendered dependent upon each other for that which con- ter-horse, in addition, for the baggage. An accident having stitutes in no inconsiderable degree the means of their , lamed one of the horses soon after starting, we were obliged support. The tenuous air, invisible to the eye, and im to halt, and thus missing the spring at which we had purperceptible to the touch, of whose existence we require to posed bivouacking, we had to pass a cheerless night on the be made aware by the researches of science, is no less re bleak prairie. quisite to our existence than the food which we eat. The We were stirring betimes. Well, Frank,' said my comatmosphere is composed almost wholly of oxygen and nitro- panion to the negro, as he jerked him to his feet at daygen, combined in the proportions adapted to our constitu break, • 'tis full as well that we didn't find that spring last tion, and to various processes in nature. There are, how night, for it will be just the place to breakfast at. •Bet eyer, several other compounds of the same elements differ- ter not look for him, massa ; dat spring jumbie-prairie ing a little from atmospheric air in their proportions, and jumbie-jumbie all around us.' My friend laughed, and altogether different in their nature and effects. Nitrous I scarcely heard the remark in the hurried preparations oxide. when inhaled into the lungs, produces a state of in- for starting which followed. We rode on for hours, distoxication, accompanied with extraordinary exhilaration covering not the slightest indication of the spring and of spirits and animal excitement. Laughing, leaping, and thicket, but encountering, every few miles, one of the shalall the indications of unbounded joy are indulged in to an low rain-water pools which from time to time had broken immoderate degree, under an insensibility to external ob- the perfect monotony of our yesterday's travel-I should jects and impressions. Nitric acid is another compound of not say • broken the monotony,' for they were so unmarked the same bodies, and is well known, by the name of aqua- by any shape or expression, and were all so perfectly alike, fortis, to be so corrosive in its nature, as to dissolve almost that they seemed rather to impress one more strongly any of the metals. Nitric oxide, composed of equal quan- with the unvarying sameness of the scene. Near one of tities of oxygen and nitrogen, produces instant suffocation these limpid shallows, that, like all of them, seemed scarcely when taken into the lungs of animals. If the elements of a hand's-breadth in depth, I suggested, as the sun was now that subtile fluid which we constantly breathe were to un- several hours high, that we should halt for breakfast. dergo the slightest permanent change in their proportions, Well, Frank,' said I to the negro, who ate a little apart our life might be converted into a state of visionary and from us, while we helped ourselves to the fare that was fantastic emotions, or rendered miserable, and become in spread out upon a bison-skin, used by way of tableclothstantly extinguished. The power, wisdom, and goodness well, Frank, don't you think this pool will answer as well of the Sovereign Ruler of the universe are no less strikingly as the spring would to wash your dishes in ?' •Pool displayed in the delicate adjustment of the inappreciable jumbie-jis as spring jumbie-prairie all jumbie-nebber air than in the poising and regulating of yon ponderous get away from him. I was about to ask an explanation orbs that circle through illimitable space.
of the word— Pray you, pardon me,' cried my friend, laying his hand upon my arın; · Frank, how do you make
out the spring to be a jumbie?' • Cause Frank tink-tink JUMBIE.
ob him all day long-tink ob him, nebber find him-but still JUMBIE !-- That word puzzles you, reader. You think it's can't help tink ob him. What dat but jumbie spirit trouble Indian for a prairie-dog, or some other animal peculiar to Frank so, massa ?' But this puddle of water,' laughed those grassy wilds; or, if not, that it must be border-slang my friend, you find plenty like it; how is that a jumbie for a bivouac, or a break-down, or a feat, or adventure of too?' •No find but one puddle from de fust. He be same some kind, that, happening only to the rovers of the prairie, old puddle. Come, come, again. Tire nigger wid looking requires some outré and new-fangled phrase to characterise at him, yet he can't help look for some difference, dro' he it! But you grow impatient. I must elucidate a little; know always turn out de same. What dat but jumbie yet remember, if I reveal to you here the external charac- spirit?' And the prairie,' cried I, almost screaming with teristics of a jumbie, it is on the implied condition that you laughter at the grotesque whimsicality of the superstition, read fairly through the singular illustration of its spiritual then perfectly new to me--the prairie, Frank, what do mystery which suggested this sketch. Did you ever have ! you make of that?' He be all jumbie-de biggest jumbie
of de world-always de same, and you nebber, nebber get same spot, fixed there beneath that glaring noonday sun, rid ob him.' Then the poor fellow actually burst into tears, as immoveably as the gnome upon a dial. I could not help and began to wring his hands most piteously. Oh, massa, expressing my surprise that Frank, who, with a benevomassa, what will become ob de massa and his poor Frank: lence common to the negro character, had shown much De little jumbie spirit always bad enough when he get concern for the horse when he was first hurt, should betray Lold of folks; but here we be on de back ob great big no feeling at this painful abandonment of the poor animai. jumbie, who keeps sliding from under us all de while we · Why Frank be sorry?' said he, in reply; when de jumtink ourselves moving, keeping us jes in de same, same bie-back slip at night, him as well as oder hoss all come spot, for ebber, for ebber. Oh, de poor nigger will nebber, back to de same place, 'cept lame boss too be turned into Dobber see the trees, nor de hills, nor de running water of jumbie-spirit, and den me see him ebery day, same, same the yarth; nebber see any ting but dis black jumbie hoss, see him standing den jes as now, and alway see him hack, nebber, nebber more.' I looked at the face of my de same hour. We now rode forward rapidly; our horses' friend, and I confess there was a blankness of expression feet had become used to the soil, and notwithstanding the which struck me as arguing some emotion other than con- heat of the Indian summer' weather, had accomplished a ten and sympathy for the agitation of this poor ignorant very long stage-a full day's journey, in fact, while the boarlman. Could it be that some pagan foster-nurse, among sun was still several hours high. We ought-we surely those of the same complexion as Frank, had so imbued ought to be near our destination. I confessed this to my Lim in childhood with the same superstitious feelings, that friend; and I am not ashamed to say, that as I did so, and they now were re-awakened unpleasantly by the earnest at the same time acknowledged that my prairie experience and most painful exhibition of fanciful suffering in the was utterly at fault in discovering any signs of thicket,
ther? Surely I myself could not be affected, save with grove, or timber-land in the distance, I began to share more cirth, by such absurd credulity. I declare I was not so or less the superstitious terrors which did unquestionably cre of this when several hours' subsequent travel brought blanch his cheek. The reader, wholly inexperienced, pers to a pool which so exactly resembled that seen in the haps, in life in the wilderness, smiles at the weakness. Yet Dorning, that I could not for the life of me help adding a the famous Colonel Crockett, as gallant a bushranger as whistle of wonderment to the woful chorus of ejaculations | perished among the hardy Texans, who fought and fell at isto which poor Frank broke at the sight of it. Every the Alamo, has left it upon record, that a man, when first landmark around us—if I may use that word, where land- lost in the forest, will almost persuade himself that the sun aurks there were none-every feature of the landscape rises and sets in a different quarter of the heavens than is -if the phrase be admissible where the painter's art his wont; and on a prairie—when lost on a prairie-with Tere a pullity-all, all around us was one dull, dead, un- no one object to fix and determine the use of the external broken monotony-an interminable dark level-an eye- senses, the bewilderment of imagination is far more start
crying waste-marked only, but not relieved, by that ling—the vagaries of reason far more eccentric. The lost circular limpid shallow, reflecting an ashen sky; and sky, wanderer is left wholly to his imagination, and he can Farth, and pool, all equally motionless, without the faintest reason only upon the possibilities it suggests. For three shadow or one variety of tint, save the leaden hues of the days I had gazed only upon limitless monotony; for three same sombre colour. We talked but little during that day. days I had heard no sound save those that came from our
Aboat sunset, a breeze, which crept over the waste in little little cavalcade-yes! I forgot; on the first morning, and ! whirlwinds, enlivened us somewhat, but I cannot remember soon after we had got out of sight of the timber-land, a
ut one jest was successful enough to raise a smile from solitary raven rose screaming from the carcass of a roasted either of us. But, indeed, neither my friend nor myself wolf, who had probably perished while trying to escape the could restrain our risibles, had we cared to do so, at one re- prairie fire a month earlier. But this recollection only mark of Frank's, when we came to camp down for the night. served to remind me that, if we were again approaching The poor fellow had just lighted a spirit-lamp to make the forest, more of these birds ought to be visible, for tho coffee for us, when a blast of wind, which suddenly swept carrion wolves and deer upon which they feed are most the prairie, extinguished the flame. •What do you sit so often smothered by the smoke of a burning prairie, on the stupidly there for, Frank ?—why don't you light another verge of the timber-swamps, to which they are flying for rematch ?' said his master. No use yet- no use jes now, fuge. This is an ugly business,' said my friend, after a few please, massa. Nigger wait till we hab done slipping.' moments' painful musing; can you see nothing—no one Shipping ?-why, what do you mean now, Frank ?' sign in the air or on the earth-nothing to form a conjecMassa, what make dat great wind but de jumbie-back ture how we may be situated ? From the earth, most sapping from under us to put white folks and nigger jés assuredly nothing. You know as well as I do that there
e we started in de mornin'?--what but dat make de are no running streams on these upland prairies to guide wind to blow lamp out?' The merriment called out by conjecture in any way; and as for the air, the sun, as you this whimsical idea of the sable physiologist was not a bad have seen, goes down very differently over a prairie to preparation for cheerful rest. But our anxiety took a new what he does elsewhere; but that Indian summer mist, tarn in the morning, upon discovering that our horse-feed which is now gathering about him, makes it impossible to Foald not hold out more than another day. It is true that detect any of the peculiarities which mark his setting over į ve had not originally expected it to last longer. But, a broken country. What will become of us?-what shall
though steadily following the guidance of the compass, and we do?—what can you think of?- that suggestion have therefore confident that our course must have laid truly, you? For me, my brain is dizzy with looking ceaselessly Tet the simple fact of having, in our first day's travel, upon this changeless monotony, suggesting ever the one missed that spring-the one only landmark of our journey same idea of poor Frank's jumbie.' We had halted appar
-annoyed us not a little, as the incident became coloured rently still in the centre of the boundless plain-looking 1: by the scene and circumstances around us; viewed some forward, there was no vestige of our having accomplished
tunes, perhaps, unconsciously to ourselves, through the anything. Still,' I thought, while there is nothing here to vid superstition of the negro. The day proved not only guide one, there is also nothing to mislead. If our course me for the season, but even oppressively warm; and was laid properly in the first instance, we may still clear about noontide, the lame horse gave out completely. We the waste; if that course was laid wrongly, it is yet in the removed his load, took off the halter, and left the poor | present extremity most wise to pursue it—we must go on brate to his fate upon that dreary heath, which the next -on-and our only hope is in the ability still to keep this year's summer would alone freshen with a blade of herbage. straightforward direction.' I explained this to my friend, He followed us for a while, and we hoped might be yet able much in the same language I have used here. He simply to keep us in view; but pain, or a feebleness of disposition, nodded significantly, and pressed forward in silence. The Which from the first had marked his temper, made him stop whole proposition was so plain to him, that it needed no stort at last. I turned once or twice in the saddle to look further demonstration. A drizzling rain, which soon after for him afterwards, but he always stood planted in the set in, did not prevent us from keeping the saddle, until
the vapour became so thick, that we could not see twenty i and other hyperborean regions. It is situated at the disyards in advance; when, it being also now near night, we tance of three German leagues from Hamburg, in the diwere compelled to encamp. Wet, weary, and dispirited, rection of Altona, and occupies a surface of 150 English I can conceive few things more disheartening than our pre- acres. It is delightful to see the steps to the thresholds of sent plight. My friend, who was of a fine bold spirit, at the meanest houses gay with flowering plants, the small, tempted to jest both about our present discomforts and adjacent strips of land blushing with peonies and roses, the almost appalling prospects of the morrow. But the whilst the honeysuckles and eternal creepers festoon the terror of poor Frank, who besought him not to speak with windows of the lowliest dwellings. There is a cleanliness such levity of Massa Jumbie,' soon made him desist; a of mind indicated in a taste for these embellishments, that deep sigh that came from the breast of his master, as he savours of the golden age of innocence, rather than of these li turned away from his supper without touching it, betrayed vitiated times. Sobriety and peace may be said to dwell to me the pardonable affectation of the gallant fellow. My where Flora reigns. In fact, after the changes of war, the poor friend, I believe, slept little that night, and his nerves devastations of revolutions, and the corrupting examples must have been much shaken by watching, for him to ex- of treachery and treason attendant on unsettled politics, hibit the spectacle I witnessed in the morning. The sud- there is perhaps no nation in the world more pure, more den cries of Frank had made me start from my sleep; I sincere, and more well-disposed than the Germans.-F. H. looked up—my friend had raised himself on one hand, and Standish. with pallid features, and eyes almost starting from their
ANIMALCULE IN FLINT. sockets, was gazing before him. "Oh, massa, massa-I After their death, the accumulation of their shields, or told um 80-here we be-here we be slipped back, slipped hard outer coverings, mixed up with various earthy or clean, clean back to jes where we started from—we and de fiinty particles, produces layers of various earths and rocks. hoss--yes, de lame hoss and all-and all got to do the These become by time consolidated into clays, flints, and same over again ebery day-ebery day. I looked, and marbles, in which the shape of their shields and their cha. I true enough, we were almost under the shadow of a tall racters are so clearly to be distinguished, that the very 1 wood, exactly like that we had left four mornings before. species can be determined. The hones on which razors, Nay, more-the lame horse stood there on its verge, as if penknives, and other cutting instruments are sharpened 13 he had slipped back as Frank had prophesied... The are made of a Turkish stone, which is a mass of the fossil reader has, I know, already solved the mystery, and dis covering of animalcules. Tripoli, or rottenstone, has long 12 covered that we had unconsciously gained the woodlands been well known in the arts, being used in the form of under cover of the mist of the preceding evening-that we powder for polishing stones and metals. It consists almost had, in a word, attained the further bourne of the prairie, entirely of an aggregate of animalcules, in widely extended in the very hour we had nearly despaired of ever reaching layers without any connecting medium. A cubic inch of 2 it. It was not, however, till we had mounted, penetrated this substance would contain on an average about fortysome hundred yards into the forest, and saw the smoke one thousand millions of these gaillonella, as they are o of a settler's cabin curling up among the trees, that poor termed, the shield of each one weighing about the one bewildered Frank could be persuaded he was fairly off the thousand one hundred and eighty-seventh millionth part jumbie-back.— The Gift for 1845.
i of a grain. At every stroke that is made with this polish
ing powder, several millions, perhaps tens of millions, of MILK OF HUMAN NATURE.
perfect fossils are crushed to atoms - The Animalcule. The milk of human nature appears under as many diffe
INTEGRITY OF THE HEBREW TEXT. rent modifications in the dispositions of men, as the suh- The general integrity of the Hebrew text, and its free stance to which it is compared undergoes in the dairy. In dom from any material corruption in the course of so many some men of a perpetual and impregnable good humour, I ages, is a wonderful fact, of which a combination of proofs it has all the oiliness and consistency of butter; in those of from various quarters assures us. The deep veneration a liberal and generous disposition, it has all the richness of with which the Scriptures were viewed by all ranks of the cream; in men of a sickly habit of mind, it has all the nation of Israel; the peculiar constitution and observances mawkish insipidity of whey; and in a large portion of the appointed by their great legislator, and in all ages held community it possesses all the sourness of butter milk.- sacred; the division of the people into separate tribes, Wolfe.
under distinct rulers and heads; the priests and Levites BATHING IN THE DEAD SEA.
settled in every quarter of the country; the various courts About six in the morning I reached the shore, and, much of justice, from the smallest to the greatest, appointed to against the advice of my excellent guide. I resolved on try every offence, according to the divine law; tho various having a bath. I was desirous of ascertaining the truth | assemblies where the Scriptures were publicly read and of the assertion, that nothing sinks in the Dead Sen.' I expounded; the division of the kingdom into two rival swam a considerable distance froin the shore, and about nations; their various sects; their academies and schools four yards from the beach I was beyond my depth; the
from early ages; their dispersion into various quarters of water was the coldest I ever felt, and the taste of it most
the world; their synagogues in every country, where the detestable: it was that of a solution of nitre, mixed with
Hebrew Scriptures were read and interpreted; the mutual an infusion of quassia. Its buoyancy I found to be far jealousy of Jews and Christians; the various translations greater than that of any sea I ever swam in, not excepting
and commentaries of the Scriptures in various languages; the Euxine, which is extremely salt. I could lie like a log
and, finally, the immense number of manuscripts which of wood on the surface without stirring hand or foot as long
are found among nations very distant, and among people as I chose; and with a good deal of exertion I could just
of very different characters and opinions—these, with many i dive sufficiently deep to cover all my body, but I was again
internal evidences, combine to show, that the Scriptures of thrown on the surface, in spite of my endeavours to descend
the Old Testament have been preserved with the greatest lower. On coming out, the wounds in my feet pained me
care from any material vitiation.—Dr M Gill. excessively, the poisonous quality of the waters irritated the abraded skin, and ultimately made an ulcer of every Printed and published by JAMES HOGG, 122 Nicolson Street, wound, which confined me fifteen days in Jerusalem, and Erlinburgh; to whom all communications are to be addresseil. became so troublesome in Alexandria, that my medical at
Sold also by J. JOHNSTONE, Edinburgh: J. M'LEOD, Glasgow: W.
CURRY, jun. & Co., Ireland ; R. GROOM BRIDGK & Sons, London ; tendant was apprehensive of gangrene.—Madden's Travels.
W. M'COMB, Belfast ; G. & R. KING, Aherdeen: R. WALKFR, CHARACTER OF THE GERMANS.
Pundce; G. PALIP, Liverpool; FIXLAY & CHARLTOx, Newcastle: All over Germany the natives are fond of flowers. The
WRIGHTSON & WEBB, Birmingham; A. HEYWOOD and J. Aiss.
WORTH, Manchester; G. CULLINGWORTH, Leeds; and all Booknursery of Mr Booth, a Scotsman by extraction, is famous sellers. for every variety of rose, and for an endless variety of
for an endless variety of The INSTRUCTOR' being printed from Stereotype Plates, the plants and trees, collected from the Norwegian, Siberian, / Vumbers may always be had from the commencement.
vail that, from the spread of political, scientific, or moral PEACE SOCIETIE S.
knowledge alone, men have become so much wiser and more CIVILISED nations are evidently for a season tired of humane than their fathers—that they now detest war on its war. The universality of the change is scarce less re own account-and you do nothing to render the change markable than its suddenness. Half a century ago the permanent; but once adopt the belief that the leviathan is trumpet's martial peal resounded in all quarters of the not dead, but only sleeping, and though our pride in huglobe. British citizens in those days, rejoicing in the man nature and reason is less flattered, our Christian phiname of volunteers, girded themselves for battle with an lanthropy is more roused. Tired of war, men are now culalacrity which evinced anything rather than a dislike to tivating the sciences, studying politics, reading books and the terrific pastime. To talk of patriotism is all very well periodicals in which useful information and harmless amuse-of being compelled to don harness in self-defence--of ment are delightfully combined. This, however, will not of being summoned to the battle-field by the pleading cries itself prevent them eventually from relapsing anew into the of sisters, children, and wives. The truth is, we required military mania of other days; the old spirit will come back very little prompting; the spirit of the age was decidedly upon the world unless something much more effective is warlike, and in the language of Mercutio, a la stoccatta, accomplished than that which the mere politician, philocarried it away. How then has it come about, that within sopher, or sage, can at any time achieve. But it is obvious so short a period, a reaction so decidedly beneficial has that the same cause which at present facilitates the spread taken place almost simultaneously in every quarter of of merely secular, facilitates also the diffusion of that more the globe-that, in reference to this momentous subject, important learning by means of which, men, by becoming public feeling should have undergone a change at once so wise for eternity, become wise also for time. What then
complete, desirable, and sudden? To say that it has been is the immediate duty of all who wish well to the best in| effected by the humanising influence of Christianity alone terests of the human race? Is it to waste time in merely
Fould be going too far. Christianity has done much- guessing at the causes which have contributed to the chango the diffusion of information and the spread of knowledge so often already specified? This would not be wise; it would more strictly secular in its nature may have done some be at least a very questionable expenditure of talent and I thing—the experience of the national benefit consequent of time. True philosophy teaches us, previous to an inves
upon the commercial intercourse of countries at peace may tigation of their origin, to take advantage of circumstances have contributed its share—but the universality of the as they are. Now, one thing is certain, mankind have remoral revolution must, we are afraid, be traced to a much cently become fervent in their praise of peace; they are more obvious, though far less gratifying cause than any | inclined to listen with attentive patience to any one who other we could specify. The fact is, mankind in general will take the trouble of discoursing to them on the sub have become tired of war, just for the same reason that we ject; and the man who, possessing the ability, does not of these islands have got sick of poetry. Byron effected avail himself of the opportunity which this state of things the latter change just as Napoleon accomplished the other. affords to advance the interests of humanity by a judicious In both cases the thing was overdriven, and satiation has advocacy of the cause of peace,' proves himself, if a Chrissucceeded in begetting a temporary disgust. We will again, tian at all, to be less wise in his generation than thouas in other years, request of poets the resumption of the sands whose pretensions are far less high. After these pen—the harp shall again be taken down from the willows, observations it is scarcely necessary to announce the deand our bosoms shall yet acknowledge the subduing influ cided pleasure with which we have recently witnessed the ence of song; and, left to themselves, men will again arouse advantage which, in many parts of the world, genuine phito arms at the trumpet's call. Allow a few years to pass lanthropists and Christian patriots are taking of the imaway, and, judging of the future by the past, a change will proved tone of public sentiment and feeling in reference come over the spirit of the national dream; in the horoscope to the evils of war and the advantages of peace, to inculof Europe and the world the red orb of Mars will again cate doctrines and deliver maxims calculated, if sincerely resume its former ascendancy, and the clamour for war imbibed and followed up, to render permanent a change raised by a succeeding will probably be still more noisy which, but for this, will assuredly prove equally fallacious than that which was set up by the generation which has and temporary. just passed away.
Peace societies, our readers are aware, have been in This view of what we regard as the chief cause why men existence for upwards of thirty years. They started into hare so suddenly, from being lovers of war, become lovers organised being, both in America and our own country (and of peace, is the safest we can hold. Allow the notion to pre- what is very singular, almost simultaneously), a little after the battle of Waterloo. They have since arisen in dency is to exhibit how utterly at variance with the some quarters of the Continent. Without attracting much principles of the gospel of Christ are the exercise or culnotice, the members of these institutions prosecuted their tivation of those feelings in which war originates. Now philanthropic purpose for years; and they now have their this is what all along we would be at. We may no doubt reward : a tide of public approbation favourable to the advance many reasons against war and in favour of peace; grand object they are striving to promote, is fast setting but why should believers in a revelation from God not just in. That our readers may form some conception of what begin at the beginning? Why not speak out with fearlesswe mean, we shall take the liberty of giving the substance ness and fidelity ? Why not say that men are by nature of an address delivered by Mr W. Smeal (a member of the lovers of war—that though, from the influence of the same Society of Friends), at a public meeting of the Glasgow causes that render men for a time tired of anything, the Anti-war Society, held in the City Hall there, on 17th Fe civilised human family are at present disposed to vote war bruary last. Peace societies were projected simultaneously, a nuisance, they, notwithstanding, when the mood comes yet without concert, in the Old and the New World. To round, will be as much inclined for it as ever? Why not conthe United States of America is due the honour of the fess that our outcry for peace originates in the same motive actual formation of the first society, and to the city of New that gives existence to our outcry for prose? That both in York must be awarded the priority in this noble cause. A reference to poetry and war we are in the transition state; peace society was formed there in the year 1816, as also in that we have been regularly overdosed, and that as men Massachussetts and Ohio. The London Society for the Pro will yet cry out for poets to sing for them, so will they, motion of Permanent and Universal Peace, was formally getting tired of the Luciuses, 'whose thoughts, they must established about midsummer 1816, exactly one year after confess, are turned to peace,' ruff in, when the hour comes the awful events at Waterloo. It had, however, been pro- round, the villanous Semproniuses, whose voices are still jected, and preliminary meetings had been held so early as for war.' What use, therefore, in going round about the bush 1814; but the continuance of the war, and the intoxication on such an important question? If we are averse to war of national glory, appear to have impeded its public esta | because we are better Christians than our forefathers, it blishment. The meeting at which the formation of the is good; but if the feeling originate merely in being tired London Society was resolved on, was held at the house of | for a time of the game, it will not be lasting. Now, howWilliam Allen, the eminent philanthropist and philosopher, ever, is the time for the Christian philanthropist to bestir lately deceased, in Plough Court, in the city of London. himself. Christianity alone can render permanent a change It is not uninteresting to observe the names of the twelve which originated in a mere satiation of war as a trade. men who were then first appointed as the committee of the | Let Christian ministers, therefore, bring the subject proinfant society. The committee consisted of the venerable minently before the minds of their hearers, giving distinct and venerated Thomas Clarkson, his brother John Clark utterance to the truth, that, as the gospel of Christ recomson, William Allen, William Crawford, Charles Stokes mends peace, so nothing but the same gospel can render Dudley, Thomas Harper, minister, Robert Marsden, Joseph peace permanent. A better moment than the present canTregellis Price, Evan Rees, John Scott, Frederick Smith, not be supposed for the inculcation of such doctrines, apand Thomas Sturge. Since the formation of this society palled and agonised as we have been by the recent sanguiin the United Kingdom, numerous associations have been nary gazettes from the seat of war in India, and half dreadformed for the same object. The number of tracts and ing as we are a quarrel about the Oregon affair with our publications printed by the society to the present time, is brethren in the west. Let therefore as many meetings as about two millions; and these tracts have been circulated possible be got up for the purpose of bringing out the views in various languages, and in all the quarters of the globe. of those who believe that mankind can only be kept from But by far the most important labour of the society, was relapsing into their old martial propensities by the inthe summoning of a convention of its friends from various fluence of genuine Christianity; for we cannot conceal & parts of the world, in London, in 1843. The object of this suspicion that too little stress has been laid upon this view convention was to deliberate upon the best means of show- of things. To judge from the language which many use, ing to the world the evils of war, and of promoting peace. we might almost fancy that human nature is improving of The number of delegates appointed was 324, of whom 292 itself that men are becoming peaceful, just through the were from Great Britain and Ireland, 26 from the United diffusion of science and literature. Leviathan, alas, is not States of America, and 6 from the Continent of Europe. The to be so easily tamed! They have read history to little convention lasted three days, and was attended by about purpose who are not aware that men naturally love to go 150 of the delegates, besides a number of visiters, both to war; that they must have something to do something to ladies and gentlemen. The result of this convention has excite them; and that the mania of war will never yield to been to give an impetus to the cause greater than it ever the mere influence of Peace Societies unless they recognise before received. The friends of peace have been stimulated, Christianity as the only system that can ultimately regene and fresh energy is infused into their operations. The rate mankind. This, we are glad to discover, the members number of publications and periodicals has been extended; of peace institutions are almost universally doing; and lectures have greatly increased; and new auxiliaries are this being the case, we must, in the use of our influence, constantly making their appearance.
bid them God-speed. What so desirable as peace—what so While, however, much good may have resulted from the terrific as war! And yet, after all our experience of these, agency employed by such institutions to circulate tracts there is a principle in human nature which, unless checked and periodicals favourable to their views, we cannot help by the gospel of peace, will again plunge us into all its thinking that one of the chief blessings society gains from borrors. There is, we again repeat, a danger that at prethem is the amount of influence exercised over the popular sent we mistake the mere lull of the storm for a permamind by the speeches delivered on occasion of their an- nent calm; that because men are clamorous for peace nual and other meetings. Tracts and magazines are all now they will be so always. Nothing can render us se very well; we also decidedly approve of the advice given cure but the eradication of the principles in which war from so many quarters in reference to international ad- originates. This can be achieved by Christianity alone. dresses; but for producing a general sensation, there is Let it therefore be distinctly announced that such is the nothing so effective as a good speech. Even the conven-fact. Shilly-shallying, while it does good at no time, is tion referred to, but for the eloquence of many of its utterly ruinous here. While the enemy sleeps let us enpublic speakers, would have scarce achieved the triumphs deavour to eradicate the tares. "Glory to God in the it has subsequently gained. We anticipate similar results highest, peace on earth, and goodwill to men !' formed the from the speeches recently delivered at the Glasgow meet burden of angelic song on the night of the birth of the ing. These speeches are not mere declamatory harangues, Prince of Peace. The principles he taught, when univer. holding up war to detestation by a mere exhibition of its sally embraced, will banish war from the earth; but nohorrors; nor do they advocate peace merely from the thing else will. Science, philosophy, art, may be cultivated temporary blessing it is calculated to impart. Their ten- / while men are under the influence of a temporary satia