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union with higher motives, they will tend to quicken our OUR ANNIVERSARY WORD.
zeal and industry, so that the kind wishes of our friends, It is now a twelvemonth since we launched our bark on and our own hopes, may be fully realised. Our weekly the tide of public favour. We may thus be said to have sheet was meant to occupy a peculiar, and, we are free to completed our first voyage, and before we again commit own, a rather delicate position among the cheap periodicals ourselves to the wave, our friends and well-wishers may of the day. By far the best portion of the community probably expect us to give them some account of our past were conscious of a craving which these did not satisfy, Enterprise, and some notice of our prospects and hopes but which (we do not of course include in this censure for the future. The occurrence of an epoch such as that publications avowedly religious) they rather mocked. No supplied by the anniversary of the INSTRUCTOR, is full of particular fault could be found with them; the evil lay interest to ourselves; nor will our readers, we feel assured, not so much in what was said as in what was left unsaid; chide or frown upon us, if for a few moments we hold a the sin, to borrow a theological phrase, was one of omission little confidential intercourse with them. A feeling akin to rather than commission. There was no dearth of talent personal friendship rises spontaneously in generous minds or even the rarer gift of genius. A pure morality, more Eren in the interchange of secular business. How much over, was inculcated—a morality, thanks to the New Tesstronger and purer is this feeling when it is associated with tament, in many points superior to that which adorned the genial intimacies of thought, the suggestion of high mo the pages of Socrates and Seneca, and which embraced tives and aims, the expression and reciprocation of kindly the ordinary routine of every day duty. Generous sensentiments. Under its influence would we give utterance timents were proclaimed, heroic deeds were extolled; in to Our Anniversary Word.'
short, only one thing was awanting to please the most Robert Hall being asked his opinion of the moral ten- fastidious of tastes. But the absence of that one thing dency of the works of a celebrated authoress of our own gave a cold and cheerless aspect to our journals and magatimes, replied—In point of tendency, I should class her zines, besides that it could scarcely fail to foster the deluwritings among the most irreligious I ever read. Not from sion that literature and science, instead of being the handsny desire she evinces to do mischief, or to unsettle the mind | maids of Christian truth, were its antagonists. The light ike soine of the insidious infidels in the last century; not from heaven, in short, was needed; the presence of an so much from any attack she makes upon religion as from authority more sacred and awful was longcd for. With a universal and studied omission of the subject. In her devout thankfulness we review our resolution to surily, Fritings a very high strain of morality is assumed; she de- if possible, this want, and look back with pleasure u; ch lineates the most virtuous characters, and represents them the path over which we have trodden. Nor :.ave we been in the most affecting circumstances of life-in sickness, in lect to solace ourselves merely with the consciousness of distress, even in the prospect of eternity, and finally sends being actuated by good motives, and the hope of eventually them off the stage with their virtue unsullied—and all gaining the cordial approbation of an enlightened public. this without the most remote allusion to Christianity, the The praises of the press have alınost excce:led our wishes : mly true religion. Thus she does not attack religion or assuredly they have surpassed our cxpectations. As we inreigh against it, but makes it appear unnecessary by have just binted, we have received numerous private comexhibiting perfect virtue without it.' The conviction that munications from parties, whose good opinion we are proud a Fery large proportion of the periodical literature of our to possess, approving of the plan and conduct of the Ixcountry is objectionable on this very ground, and that STRUCTOR, while our large and daily increasing circulation thus as much harm may be done as when the Christian is to us the surest pledge that our efforts are appreciated. Perelation is boldly and openly assailed—this conviction, For these and every other mark of kindly interest we beg and we have the happiness of knowing that it is hourly publicly to record our thanks, and we do so with the asgaining strength in those quarters where the desire to pro- surance that no effort shall be awanting to render our Digte the real welfare of society is strongest, may be said pages worthy the commendation of those whose commento have originated the INSTRUCTOR. The desideratum we dation we earnestly wish to have. took in hand to supply was, in fact, a widely felt one. We At the commencement of our undertaking we endeavoured lave received repeated assurances to this effect from parties, to indicate, as distinctly as we could, the position we inboth lay and clerical, who deservedly hold the highest place tended to take up, the exact sphere we wished to fill. It in public esteem and confidence. For these, coupled as in was never our design to step into the province of the every instance they were with warm commendation of our Theological Magazine, and discuss in our pages the sublime humble labours, we feel grateful, and we trust that, in and consoling doctrines of revealed religion. This we at
once admit is a higher and holier part of the field than fore it is, that those of a literary character which are put what we sou: "ht to occupy. How well occupied it is we into their hands should not have the slightest tendency to need not say. Still we have had difficulty in making some vitiate their principles or create an impression injurious to of our excellent and well-meaning friends realise the dis- the claims of sacred truth. And we are satisfied that our tinction between a periodical professedly devoted to the readers have not found our pages less amusing or exciting defence and exposition of Christian doctrine, and another on account of the vigilance we have exercised in this like ours, mainly literary in its character, yet recognising matter. on all proper occasions the truth as it is in Jesus,' not To the improvement in the external appearance of our insulting it by cold and sullen silence, but uniformly desheet, which this the first number of a new volume preferring to its authority, and evincing on its pages a sents, we may, in conclusion, call the attention of our regard to the fine sentiment, that in the examination of readers, hoping they will regard it as an indication of our Scripture, then only does reason show herself noble, when, desire to make the INSTRUCTOR in all respects worthy of conscious of the presence of a king, the knee is bent and their continued patronage and support. the head uncovered. On this point we wish not even the slightest misunderstanding to exist. A devout respect for the disclosures and precepts of Christianity may pervade
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. a man's temper and deportment though his religion be not always on his tongue. The holy fire may be burning on
JAMES BEATTIE, LL.D. the altar of his spirit though it be not always blazing Men of poetical tendencies receive very little credit from forth. It is enough if he act in accordance with the truth. the world as philosophers. The word poct suggests the It is enough if he discover no guilty shame of it. It is enough idea of a pale, interesting gentleman, with his shirt-collar if he do it all honour and pay it all deference when occasion thrown over, and his hair as redundant as his metaphors; calls. He may not, for example, be one of its professional | his eyes turned towards the sun, or the green grass and defenders, and yet his ‘walk and conversation' may be one blushing flowers; his ears regaled by murmuring brooks, of its most eloquent defences. It is easy to transfer these re-or the warbling choristers of the grove, and his hand marks to a publication like ours. Nothing alien to the spirit always laid upon his bosom. He is an etherealised being, or requirements of the gospel shall appear in our pages. If a combination of ideality and wonder, a lover of nature in through mistake or inadvertence this rule should even once the abstract, yet so magnanimous, that he can despise it be violated, none will regret the circumstance more than our in the concrete. The word philosopher, on the other hand, selves. This, however, were promising little. If the highest suggests the idea of a thin old man, whose flesh has bepraise which could be justly awarded the INSTRUCTOR come sapless from roasting over crucibles, or who has lost amounted merely to this, that it contained nothing hostile his tongue and temper in the pursuit of the occult sciences, to Christianity, then we should be free to confess that we and who frightens people with the profundity of his knowhad broken faith with the public, and done nothing more ledge and the acerbity of his face. The characters are, to for the best and most sacred of causes than what many of all appearance, irreconcileable; for the one is assumed to our cotemporaries are doing. But we can appeal with confi- be a mere superficialist, an observer of purely external phedence to the past, whether, for example, such points as nomena, while the other has credit for despising the flashthese—the remedial scheme which the Bible reveals—the ings of fancy, rather delighting to grapple with herculean great motives to virtue and holiness it propounds—the ma- propositions involving intricate reasoning and patient rejestic hopes it unfolds, and the exalted standard of excel-search. Notwithstanding this impression, however, philo lence it sets up—have not all along been treated by us sophy has often been arrayed in the most glowing rhyme; with that respect and reverence to which their sacredness and elegant and fascinating poets have often been acute and and importance entitle them. For the future, we have only powerful thinkers. Philosophy has too often hidden be to assure our readers, that we have no fceble or faltering low the ambiguity of its name, a cold and worldly tissue convictions as to the meaning of those words uttered by the of speculations that, striking at the root of man's holiest highest of all authorities, and applicable to every depart principles, seek to degrade him in the scale of creation, or ment of our conduct: Whosoever therefore shall confess exalt his intellect above the subordinate and finite position me before men, him will I confess also before my Father to which God has limited it. True poetry, which is loving which is in heaven. But whosoever shall deny me before and harmonising in its tendency, finds its most heart-stirmen, him will I also deny before my Father which is in ring images in the Scriptures, and is a delightful vehicle heaven.' Christianity alone can purify the public taste, and for conveying the lessons of life to man; the philosophy secure the harmonious evolution of all our powers. But of Christian charity and love becomes fascinating in its this it can do, only when it mixes with every influence garments; and the harmony of its numbers inclines the that concurs to form the character. Do we need amuse | soul to hear instruction's warning voice.' Expansive inment, for example, then Christianity must look on and tellect, with keen critical acumen, are not incompatible approve, otherwise the harmony is destroyed; and the with brilliancy of fancy; and in the subject of this sketch pleasures of taste and of religion become first indifferent, these combinations were happily blended. then cold, and afterwards positively hostile to each other. Dr Beattie was born at Laurencekirk, in KincardineSuch a crisis is to be deprecated. Even though religion shire, on the 25th October, 1735. His father, James should overcome, (how often is the issue the contrary!) there Beattie, had a small retail shop in Laurencekirk; and, at is yet, in this violent and unnatural separation, an injury the same time, rented a few acres of ground in the vicinity inflicted on the minds of individuals. - Christianity, instead of the town. His mother's name was Jean Watson, and of being aided, is thereby depressed, by literature; and, at she and her husband were much esteemed in their own the best, a positive loss is sustained, because the moral sphere for probity and intelligence. Mr Beattie, espe harmony is less perfect, and the spiritual result less co- | cially, had the reputation of being book-learned beyond pions, than otherwise they would have been.
what was common in his station of life. The author of the The idea of thus uniting literature and Christianity, in • Minstrel' was the youngest of six children; at an early a cheap weekly periodical, was embodied in the • INSTRUC- age, he was sent to the parish school of Laurencekirk, and TOR.' The remarkable prosperity of our Journal, striking his progress was so rapid, that it was determined to derote into an untrodden path, is the best proof that we had him to the ministry. It is asserted, that his perusal of rightly estimated the want of the public. To the future Ogilby's. translation of Virgil gave hos mind, at a very we look with cheerful confidence. On parents, Christian early age, a poetical bias; & circumstance remarkable ministers, and indeed all who feel an interest in the wel- from the fact, that a translation of the Ndyssey, by the fare of the young and rising generation, the INSTRUCTOR same author (who, by the way, was a native of Edinburgh, has, we conceive, strong and special claims. To strictly and by profession a dancing-master), first awoke the latent religious periodicals it is quite idle to expect youthful muse of Pope. readers will confine them.golves. How important there! In 1749, Beattie was sent to Aberdeen to prcsecute his studies. He obtained a bursary, and soon distinguished extensive biblical knowledge. In 1765, Gray, author of the himself in the Greek class of the celebrated Dr Blackwell • Elegy in a Country Churchyard,' visited the Earl of Strathof the Marischal College. He studied philosophy under more at his seat, Glammis Castle. An interchange of comthe learned and pious Dr Gerard; and for three sessions pliments took place between him and Dr Beattie, which attended the theological lectures of Dr Pollock, with the resulted in the latter visiting Glammis Castle, and conview of entering the church. During his attendance at the tracting a friendship with the amiable and delightful poet, divinity-ball, he preached a sermon which his fellow-stu- which continued to the death of Mr Gray, which took place dents rallied him for, on account of its tiowery style, and on 31st July, 1771. In the summer of 1766, Beattie pubits being replete with poetical allusions and epithets. The lished & volume of poems in London, and in this edition professor of theology at Edinburgh is said to have re- he omitted all his poetical translations. It was also well proved Thomson, the author of the Seasons, for delivering received, and rendered the doctor known beyond the limits his thoughts much in the same manner as Beattie; and of his native land. the rebuke so operated upon Thomson's mind, that he for- He was not by any means robust in health, yet his sook the church for the temple of the Muses. Beattie did spirit was possessed of great vivacity. The following exnot take orders; but the probability is, that the poverty tract from a letter to Mr Boyd, son of the unfortunate Lord of his relatives, and not his will, was the cause of his con- Kilmarnock, gives an amusing account of the doctor's intinuing a layman. He was appointed schoolmaster of For- firmities, and is valuable as an illustration of his playful doun on the 1st August, 1753; and, in accordance with the epistolary style :- I fatter myself I shall soon get rid of prevailing practice, he became precentor and parish clerk. this infirmity, nay, that I shall ere long be in the way of
Fordoun is a small hamlet, about six miles distant from becoming a great man. For have I not headachs like Laurencekirk, and situated at the foot of the Grampians. Pope-vertigo like Swift-grey hairs like Homer? Do I Deprived of congenial society, Beattie roamed the wilds not wear large shoes (for fear of corns) like Virgil--and and climbed the mountains contiguous to his home, deriving sometimes complain of sore eyes (though not of lippitude) from his observations of external nature and the wildness | like Horace? Am I not at this present moment writing, of the scenes around him, those poetical germs which, in invested with a garment not less ragged than that of Sotheir growth and fruition, became the Minstrel.' Mr crates? Like Joseph the patriarch, I am a mighty dreamer Garden, sheriff of Kincardine, afterwards Lard Garden of dreams; like Nimrod the hunter, I am an eminent builder stone, discovered and appreciated the poetical talents of of castles (in the air); I procrastinate, like Julius Cæsar; the obscure schoolmaster; and, to satisfy himself of Beattie's and very lately, in imitation of Don Quixote, I rode a horse, powers of versification, gave him part of a Latin poem to lean, old, and lazy, like Rosinante; sometimes, like Cicero, translate, which, after a short retirement, was executed I write bad verses; and sometimes bad prose, like Virgil: to his entire satisfaction. The patronage of the sheriff this last instance I have on the authority of Seneca; I am assisted him to obtain the vacant situation of usher in the of small stature like Alexander the Great; I am somewhat grammar school of Aberdeen; and, on the 20th June, 1758, inclined to fatness, like Dr Arbuthnot and Aristotle; and be removed to that city, where, having access to books I drink brandy and water like Mr Boyd. Playful as Dr mi cultivated society, he added to his stock of knowledge, Beattie's mind is shown to have been by this extract, he and prosecuted his studies of the classics.
was deeply convinced of the disastrous influences of that In 1760, a vacancy occurred in the professorship of natural scepticism which Hume had rendered fashionable in certain history, Marischal College, and Mr Beattie, incidentally circles. During 1767, while confined to his home from the mentioning this circumstance to his friend Mr Arbuthnot, I state of his health, he felt himself called upon to combat he was advised by him to apply for the situation. This the assumptions of the sceptics-assumptions which, by rta had never crossed the mind of Beattie, and he looked their insidiousness, were calculated to glide unquestioned upon the proposition as chimerical; but his friend seems into the unguarded minds of youth, and to obliterate or corto have understood the power of patronage better than the rode the principles of religion and virtue. Sensible of the young usher, and he accordingly wrote to the Earl of importance of defending our faith against a system whose Errol, who applied to the Duke of Argyll, at that period votaries conducted themselves as if they had proscribed distributor of the crown patronage for Scotland; and Christianity, Dr Beattie began his defence of truth, which Banttie was translated from his problematical position, as he at first denominated • An Essay on Reason and Common an under teacher, to a chair in the Senatus Academicus of Sense.' This title he changed for · An Essay on the Nature Marischal College, which he had left only seven years be and Immutability of Truth, in opposition to Sophistry and fore, at the age of eighteen years. By an exchange with Scepticism.' He made himself master of all the arguments the professor of moral philosophy and logic, he gave up of the enemies of religion, and carefully considered his gubthe situation to which he was presented, and was inducted ject. He re-wrote portions of this essay three times, and some into a position more consonant to his taste, on the 8th parts of it oftener, and was studious not to pervert or misOctober, 1760. He applied himself with great diligence construe one proposition of his opponents. After four years' to the preparation of a course of lectures for his class, and application to the subject, this famous essay appeared. It his pupils received the benefits of his ability and zeal. The had been intrusted to Mr Arbuthnot, Dr Gregory, and Sir young professor felt the advantage of the society into which W. Forbes for publication; they presented it to a bookseller his situation gave him admittance. He became a member who refused to purchase it, and, resolved that society should of the Theological Club, of which the Rev. Dr George not be deprived of snch a defence of religion, they purchased it Campbell, principal of Marischal College, and professor of themselves, and concealed this transaction from Dr Beattie, dirinity, was one of the founders; and of a literary society lest they should offend his delicacy. The essay appeared subsequently founded, of which the celebrated Drs Reid, in May, 1770, and such was its success, that a second ediGregory, and Skene, were members.
tion was called for the following year. Previous to 1760, Dr Beattie had contributed some fugi- ! On 28th June, 1767, Beattie contracted a union which tive pieces to the Scots Magazine, published at Edinburgh, promised him every happiness, but which was productive but his first acknowledged production was a small volume of much domestic misery. While he was usher at the of original poems and translations, dedicated to his patron, grammar school, Aberdeen, he had become intimate with the Farl of Errol, and edited shortly after his instalment Miss Mary Dun, the daughter of Dr Dun, the rector. This as professor. The volume was well received, and obtained lady inherited insanity from her mother, which awful mafor him a high reputation.
| lady manifested itself in such numberless eccentricities Dr Beattie's life possesses few incidents beyond the ordi- that they embittered the life of the doctor. In 1768, his Dary routine of years devoted to literature and the duties of first son was born; he was named James Hay, after the his important situation, but that situation and his literary Earl of Errol, and was a youth of precocious talent; but, fame procured him an extensive acquaintance with the like many premature geniuses, his life was of short duraliterate of the day, and his correspondence is replete with tion. When thirteen years old, he was entered a student of jadicious criticisms on books and principles, and it evinces | Marischal College; at eighteen, he took the degree of M.A.;
at nineteen, he was appointed assistant professor of moral much that he could not teach. Mr George Glennie was philosophy and logic; and at twenty-two, he died
accordingly engaged as his assistant, and he never permaIn 1771, very soon after the second edition of the essay nently resumed his duties, although he lectured occasion. on truth, Dr Beattie published the first canto of the · Min- ally till 1797. Dr Beattie's paternal affections were of a strel.' The subject was suggested by Dr Percy's essay on very strong character; his elder son had been his peculiar English Minstrelsy; and the versification is in the Spen- care and pride; and since his premature death, the younger, serian stanza. It pleased Beattie's ear, he says, and seemed, Montagu, became the object of great attention and solicifrom its Gothic structure and original, to bear some affinity tude. To speculate upon the probable eminence and uscto the spirit and subject of the poem. The Minstrel is the fulness of his boy, and to provide for him every means of composition on which Beattie's celebrity as a poet rests. mental culture, were the cares of the doating father; but It is full of beautiful sentiments, clothed in soft, harmonious alas! his life was not to be long spared, for on the 14th numbers; perhaps an infusion of Corinthian ornaments March, 1796, Montagu Bcattie died, aged eighteen years, amidst the strong buttresses and stately pillars of its Gothic of a fever, which carried him off in a week. It is most simplicity, might have increased its beauty without detract- affecting to mark the effect of this event upon the mind of ing from its strength.
his father. It did not produce insanity; but it caused In 1771, Beattie visited London, and was introduced to that mental estrangement, temporary deprivation of meMrs Montagu, authoress of · Dialogues of the Dead' and mory, which so often accompanies dotage. He would arother works. Her house was the resort of the most cele- range his son's books, in order that he might resume his brated writers in London, and there Beattie met and became studies with facility. The objects which he had regarded intimate with Dr Samuel Johnson and Drs Armstrong, with favour were placed in their old familiar places, and Hawkesworth, and Goldsmith. In 1773, the university of carefully attended to, lest they should have been disturbed Oxford presented him with the honorary degree of LL.D., or soiled. He visited all his son's resorts, for he longed and the king conferred upon him a yearly pension of £200. for him, and wondered why he tarried. After searching He also contracted a friendship with Sir Joshua Reynolds ; every room in his house, with a sorrowful yet anxious and that famous painter executed his portrait, together visage he would come to his niece, Mrs Glennie, and lookwith an allegorical painting, into which the doctor was ing in her face with a sad and longing eye, he would say, introduced, with the robes he had worn at Oxford on the You may think it strange, but I must ask you if I have occasion of his being presented with his academical honours. a son, and where he is?' And, as she told him of his beAbout this period, a vacancy occurred in the chair of reavement, his face would lighten with a melancholy intel. natural philosophy at Edinburgh, and although arrange-ligence, and he would bow his head, and whisper, God's ments for allowing him to occupy the chair of moral philo- will be done. I am now done with the world. In 1799, sophy could have been easily consummated, he refused to he was struck with palsy, which for eight days almost quit Aberdeen, and rejected overtures of church preferment deprived him of the power of utterance. At different sucin England with equal firmness and disinterestedness. In ceeding periods he had returns of this malady; the last 1766, he issued a corrected edition of the essay on truth; attack of which took place in October, 1802. He lingered ¬her on poetry and music, and their influence upon the till the 18th August, 1803, when death put a period to his mind; one on laughter and ludicrous composition, together | mortal existence and his earthly sufferings. It was his with one on the utility of classical learning. These essays earnest wish that he might be buried in the grave with his evince their author's sensibility, wit, and erudition. sons; and he lies in the churchyard of St Nicholas, Aber
In 1786, three years after the war of independence was deen. The spot is indicated by an elegant epitaph, writbrought to a close, Dr Beattie was elected a member of the ten by Dr James Gregory, professor of the practice of American Philosophical Society, of which Franklin was physic at Edinburgh. president. The intimation of his election was accompanied Dr Beattie's reputation as a poet chiefly rests upon with expressions of high esteem, as honourable to the Edwin's Simple T'ale.' But where is the schoolboy who Americans who sent them as to him for whom their re- has not felt delighted with the • Hermit,' as his strengthspectful sentiments were entertained. The celebrated Mrs ening mind comprehended its moral and descriptive beauty, Siddons was a most esteemed friend of Dr Beattie; as and his ear drank in its flowing numbers ? Sweetness and much for her amiability as her great histrionic reputation. simplicity are the characteristics of Beattie's poetry; the He was an excellent performer on the violoncello, and she inculcation of pure morality and correct principles, the bad a passionate fondness for Scottish music. Once in a aim of all his writings. His principal production is uncompany, where the doctor played the air of. She rose and doubtedly his essay on truth; and considering the object let me in,' the tears started into the great tragedian's eyes; of its composition, has rendered him deservedly honoured. upon which the instrument was laid aside. • Go on,' said in all the relations of life he conducted himself with hoshe, and you will soon have your revenge;' alluding to nour. He was a kind son and brother, an indulgent husthe effect which she had produced upon the performer's band, and fond father; perhaps the love he bore to feelings at a former time.
learning was in fault,' in connexion with his duties as a The most prosperous and seemingly happy life is parent. The mental labour of his son James superinduced chequered with the ills to which humanity is subject, as nervous atrophy, while judicious restraint inight have prosurely as night alternates with day. Feeble health was longed his life and usefulness. He was a devoted and kind a clog upon Dr Beattie's energies; his wife's incurable friend, esteemed by the great, who respected his genius malady was a source of misery; and the infirm constitu- / and Christian worth; and beloved by those who knew tion of his son James was the cause of much anxiety. But him in his obscurity, and whom he never forgot. He was he bore these calamities with Christian resignation; like a patient and indefatigable teacher, zealous alike to his own hermit, he thought as a sage, though he felt like promote the intellectual and religious welfare of his stua man.' In 1790, he published the first volume of the dents. Cowper pronounced him to be the only author of his Elements of Moral Philosophy; the second did not appear acquaintance, whose critical and philosophical researches till three years afterwards. This work was an abridgment were diversified and embellished by a poetical imagination. of the lectures he had delivered to his pupils in Marischal College, and though designated by himself a mere sylla
A DRE A M. bus of a course of lectures, it is so luminous in arrangement and excellent in sentiment that it may be reckoned
BY TIE REV. W. ANDERSON, GLASGOW. of vastly more practical importance than the abstruse Wuat sort of inscription, reader, do you wish to be put emanations of the metaphysicians, which perplex and be on your gravestone, when you die and are buried ? Or wilder, without benefiting the student. This was a year rather, let me ask, Should you proceed to the end in your of heavy affliction to Beattie. Mrs Valentine, a sister present course, what will be the inscription, if the world whom he dearly loved, died of apoplexy; and this shock, record the truth? acting upon his own shattered constitution, affected him so I dreamed I was in a burial-ground, and engaged myself in reading the epitaphs. It consisted of two depart-ing; and so he turned away from the solicitation. He was ments-an outer and an inner. The outer, which was by waited on for a subscription in aid of the dissemination of for the more extensive, was a dreary scene. There was no the gospel; he answered that he had no conceit for such dressing of the graves in it, and the nettles grew rankly enterprises; and, besides, that he suspected there was a cu then. Nevertheless, every one was furnished with a mismanagement of the funds; so he turned away from the stone and an inscription. This, I was told, was done at solicitation again. He dicd, leaving his wealth to a spend. the public expense, which appointed a council of the wisest thrift heir, who with it not only ruined himself but many and most upright of the community, according to whose besides. It had beon AS WELL for the world that this determination the dead were buried in one or other of the earthling had not been born. He shall have no rart in departments of the cemetery, and the inscriptions framed. the resurrection of the just.' In the outer, all the stones were titled in the same manner. Here again I thought in my dream, and think so still -The character of the dead for the warning of the liv- when I am awake, that the council was too tender on his ing-and then followed the character, sketched in a few memory, and not sufficiently faithful in their warning of unes or sentences. I shall give a specimen of what I saw. the living. They should have pronounced on him that it
No. 10 read as follows:- The character of the dead for would have been MUCH BETTER for the world had he never the warning of the living.-Here lies interred the body of existed. For besides the ruining of his heir, a better man, i man who, though he lived till he was seventy years of who would have turned the wealth to profitable account, 17. ncer did anything that was good. He did no harm, was, in the competition of business, kept in a state of deindeed; he was not contentious; nor did he contract debts.pression by him, and circumscribed in his means of usefulBut he was a useless and profitless weed, vegetating in ness. the midst of society. No poor man was ever the better for The epitaph proceeded— Also, here lies the body of his les alins, no ignorant man for his counsel, and no sick man brother, Demetrius. Like bis elder brother, Nabal, he was for his prayers. It would have been AS WELL for the world industrious and amassed wealth. But like Nabal, too, he had he not been born.
shut his heart against the indigent and against the gospel, Also, here lies interred the body of his elder son, who, so long as he lived. But when about to die, he bequeathed being of an easy disposition and neglected in his education, his property to charitable and religious institutions. The yes led astray by dissolute company, became a filthy world is nouise obliged to him. He kept hold of his riches drunkard, and fell a heavy burden on public charity. It so long as he could. He would never have parted with could have beon BETTER for the world had he not been them had it been in his power to retain them. Neither borri.
shall he have part in the resurrection of the just.' * Also, here lies interred the body of his younger son. I was much pleascd in my dream, and am so still when He also was allowed of his useless parent to wander wild awake, with the decision of the council. Not only that without education, and being of a lively and impetuous they should have decided on his being buried in the outer temper, he commenced a career of vice, which terminated department, among the unrighteous mob, but that they in an ignominious execution. It would have been MUCHI should have framed his epitaph so well, for the warning BETTER for the world had he never been born.
of some who delude themselves in their avarice, while they Also, here lies interred the body of his daughter. She live in the prospect of being charitable after they die! I was a fair and sprightly child; but being destitute of prin- was, if possible, however, better pleased with what fol| ciple, through her father's neglect, she was early and easily lowed :| seduced by the destroyer, and became a destroyer herself. Also, here lies the body of the remaining brother. Like After slaying a multitude of youth, she died in a brothel. the other two, he was industrious, active, and successful. It coull have been A MERCY to the world had she never He was a parent, and spared no expense in accomplishing been born.
his children in the refinements of this world. In dancing, All lie here till the resurrection, when they shall rise in music, in painting, and talking in foreign languages, to be subjected to the second death.'
they had been taught to excel. And as he lay on his bed, Such was the epitaph. I thought in my dream, and I after having exhibited them before the company whom he equally think when I am awake, that the council lud act had invited to witness the display, he would congratulate ed somewhat injudiciously. Should they not have pro- | himself on having educated them so well, and for having nounced on the father too, if not on him pre-eminently, so faithfully discharged the vows he made at their bapthat it would have been MUCII BETTER for the world, and tism! But beyond his family, his thoughts never wanbetter for himself, as the fountain of the misery, that no dered. He did a little for the poor and the gospel, in the mother had conceived him, or that he had died when an way of decency, lest his children should be despised on infant. A merely useless parent there can scarcely be account of the hard-heartedness of their father; but that If he is not profitable he must be injurious. He is the little he did with a grudge. Even the wife of his bosom
Datural guardian of his child; and, independently of any shared little of his attention and affection. He was a proi positively evil example, if he do not actively perform a fitless man to the world. It has no blessing for his me
gurdian's duty, he stands an obstruction in the way of mory. Yea, it would have been better for it if he hai not
thers who might undertake the charge. The apostacy of been born, since those children to whom he left his wealth father Malthus and madam Martineau, forbidding to marry, have proved, in consequence of their neglected moral and is a host accursed one; but undoubtedly no man or woman religious education, the affliction of society. His sons have has a right to become a parent who is not morally quali- become corruptors. And his proud, selfish, and unamiable fied and resolved to labour in the training of his or her daughters are, as wives, the torment of the fools who Offspring. Alas! for the child of man--that it often fares wedded them, and as mothers, are rearing an offspring better with the young of the beasts of the field and fowls which threaten the world with an accumulation of misery.
of the air, whose parents weary not in the conducting of Can such a man be admitted to the inheritance of the | their charge, till, by patient education, they have qualified righteous ? Let his children, whom he pampered, praise
tern for occupying their sphere in the creation of God. him if they will;--the world made no profit by him, but į I proceed with my dream. No. 52 was titled as before, rather sustained a loss. He lies here among the unright• The character of the dead for the warning of the living,' cous mob; and there shall be no rising for him until the
and then the epitaph went on-Here lies the body of a resurrection of condemnation.' į man who speculated at night and toiled during day; he No. 105 was a case which arrested my attention with | boasted of his industry; he quoted the scripture • Be dili- great force. The common title, •The character of the i gent in business;' he amassed wealth, built houses, and deall for the warning of the living,' was chiselled in larger
purchased land. But when he was called on for a sub- letters than usual; and the epitaph proceeded_Here lies il scription for the relief of the indigent, he answered that if all the body of a man whose memory the world deplores.
bad been as industrious and sober and economical as him- He was ingenious, and benefited the useful arts by his in. ell, there would have been no poor to oppress the deserv- / ventions. He was amiable and social in his disposition,