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Correction and instruction must both work, · Duke. I know none: Can you tell me of any? Ere this 'rude beast will profit.

" Lucio. Some say, he is with the emperor Elh. He must before the deputy, sir;'he of Russia, other some, he is in Roine: But has given him warning: the deputy cannot where is he, think you? abide a whoremaster: if he be a whoreinon- Duke. I know not where: But whereso

and comes before him, he were as good ever, I wish him well. go a mile on his errand.

[seem to be, Lucio. It was a mad 'fantastical trick of Duke. That we were all, as some would him, to steal from the state, and usurp the Free from our faults, as faults from seeming, beggary lie was never born to. Lord Angelo free!

dakes it well in his absence; he puts transEnter LUCIO.

gression to't. Elb. His neck will come to your waist, a

Dukė. He does well in't. cord , sir.

Lucio. A little more lenity to lechery Clo. I spy comfort; I cry, bail : Here's a would do no harm in him: something to gentleman, and a friend of mine.

crabbed that way, friar. Lucio. How now, noble Pompey? What, Duke. It is too general a vice, and severity at the heels of Cæsar? Art thou led in triumph ? must cure it. What, is there none of Pygmalion's images, Lucio. Yes, in good sooth, the vice is of a newly made woman, to be had now, for put-great kindred; it is well ally'd: but it is im. ting the band in the pocket and extracting it possible to extirp it quité,'friar, till eating and clutch’d? What reply? Ha? What say'st drinking be put down. They say, this Angelo thou to this tane, matter, and method? Is't was not made by man and woman, after the not drown'd i? the last rain? Ha? What downright way of creatior : Is it true, think say'st thou, trot? Is the world as it was, you? man? Which is the way? Is it sad, and Duke. How should he be made then? few words!. Or how? The trick of it? Lucio. Some report, a sea-maid spawn'd

Duke. Still thus, and thus! still worse! him :-Some, that he was begot between two

Lucio. How doth my dear morsel, thy stock-fishes : -- But it is certain; that when he mistress Procures she still? Ha?

makes water, his urine is congeald ice; that I Clo. Troth, sir, she bath eaten up all her know to be true: and he is a motion i unge beef, and she is herself in the tubt.

nerative, that's infallible. !! Lucio. Why, 'tis good; it is the right of Duke. You are pleasant, sir; and speak apace. it; it must be so: Ever your fresh whore, Lricio. Why, what a ruthless thing is this and your powder'd bawd: An 'unshunu'd in him, 'for the rebellion of a cod-piece, to consequence; it must be so: Art going to take away the life of a man? Would the prison, Pompey!

duke, that is absent, have done this? Ere he Clo. Yes, faith, sir.

would have hang'd a man for the getting a Lucio. Why 'tis not amiss, Pompey: Fare. bundred bastards, he would have paid for the well: Go; say, I sent thee thither. For debt, nursing a thousand : He had some feeling of Pompey? Or bow? :

the sport; he knew the service, and that inElb. For being a bawd, for being a bawd. structed him to mercy.

Lucio. Well, then imprison him: Ifim. Duke. I never heard the absent duke much prisonment be the due of a bawd, why, 'tis his detected I for women; he' was not inclined right : Bawd is he, doubtless, and of an that way. tiquity, too; bawd-born. Parewell, good Lucio, 0, sir, you are deceived. Pompey : Commend me to the prison, Pom- Duke. "Tis not possible. pey: 'You will tarn good hasband now, Pom- Lucio. Who? not the duke?. yes, your pey; you will keep the houset.

beggar of fifty ;-and his use was, to put a Clo. I hope, sir, your good worship will be ducat in her clack-dish : the duke had crotch

ets in him: He would be drunk too; that Lucio. No, indeed, will I not, Pompey ; let me inform you.. it is not the wearg. I will pray, Pompey,

Duke. You do him wrong, surely. to increase your bondage : if you take it not Lucio. Sir, I was an inward of his: A shy patiently, wby, your mettle is the more: fellow was the duke: and, I believe, I know Adieu, trusty Pompey.Bless you, friar. the cause of his withdrawing. Duke. And you.

Duke. What, I proythee, might be the eanse Lucio. Does Bridget paint still,Pompey? Ha? Lucio. No, - pardon;-'tis a secret must be Elb. Come your ways, sir; come. lock'd' within the teeth and the lips : but this Clo. You will not bait me then, sir? I can let you understand, --The greater file **

Lucio, Then, Pompey? nor now. What of the subject held the 'duke to be wise. news abroad, friar? What news?

Duke. Wise ? wby, no question but he was. Elb. Come your ways, sir ; come.

Lucio. A very superficial, ignorant, un. Lucio. Go,--to kennel, Pompey, gu: weighingtt fellow.

[Exeunt EL BOW, Clown, and Officers. Dreke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or What news, friar, of the duke i v.

mistaking; the very stream of his life, and • Tied like your waist with a rope.' + Powdering tub. Stay at home. ' \ Fashion,

Puppet. ... TSuspected, - ** The majority of bis subjects.. # Inconsiderate.

my bail.

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the business he hath hum'd, must, upon a was with child by him in the duke's time, he warranted need, give him a better proclama promised her marriage; his child is a year tion. Let him be but testimonied in his own and a quarter old, come Philip and Jacob: I bringings forth, and he shall appear to the have kept it myself; and see how he goes envious, a scholar, a statesman, and a soldier : about to abuse me. Therefore, you speak unskilfully; or, if your Escal. That fellow is a fellow of much liknowledg“ be more, it is much darkend in cence :- let him be called before us. -Away your malice.

with her to prison : Go to; no more words. Lucio. Sir, I know him, and I love him. (Exeunt Bawd and Officers.) Provost, my

Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, brother Angelo will not be alter'd, Claudio and knowledge with dearer love.

must die to-morrow let him be furnished Lucio. Come, sir, I know what I know. with divines, and bave all charitable prepara

Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you tion: if my brother wrought by my pity, it know not what you speak. But, if ever the should not be so with him. duke return, (as var prayers are he may,) let. Prov. So please you, this friar hath been me desire you to make your answer before with him, and advised him for the entertain. him: If it be honest you have spoke, you ment of death. have courage to maintain it: I am bound to Escal. Good even, good father. call upon you ; and, I pray you, your name?

Duke. Bliss and goodness on you ! Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio; well known Escal. Of whence are you? [is now to the duke.

Duke. Not of this country, though my chance Duke. He sball know you better, sir, if I To use it for my time: I am a brother may live to report you.

Of gracious order, late come from the see, Lucio. I fear you not.

In special business from his holiness, Duke. 0, you hope the duke will return no Escal. What news abroad i' the world? more; or you imagine me too unhurtful an Duke. None, but that there is so great a opposite t. But, indeed, I can do you little fever on goodness, that the dissolution of it harm: you'll forswear this again.

must cure it: novelty is only in request; and Lucio. I'll be hang'd first: thou art deceiv. it is as dangerous to be aged in any kind of ed in me, friar. But no more of this : Canst course, as it is virtuous to be constant in any thou tell, if Claudio die tomorrow, or no? undertaking. There is scarce truth enough Duke. Why should he die, sir?

alive, to make societies secure; but security Lucio. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun- enough, to niake fellowships accurs'd: much dish. I would, the duke, we talk of, were re- upon this riddle runs the wisdom of the world. turn'd again: this uogenitur'd agent will un- This news is old enough, yet it is every day's people the province with continency; spar- news. I pray you, sir, of what disposition rows must not build in his house eaves, be. was the duke? cause they are lecherous. The duke yet would Escal. One, that, above all other strifes, have dark deeds darkly answer'd; he would contended especially to know himself. never bring them to light: would he were re- Duke. What pleasure was he given to ? turn'd! Marry, this Claudio is condemn'd for Escul. Rather rejoicing to see another untrussing. Farewell, good friar ; I proythee, merry, than merry at any thing which pro. pray for me. The dake, I say to thee again, fess'd to make bim rejoice: a gentleman of would eat mutton I on Fridays. He's now all temperance. But leave we him to his past it: yet, and I say to thee, he would events, with a prayer they may prove prospemouth with a beggar, though she smelt brown rous; and let ine desire to know how you find bread and garlick : say, that I said so. Fare Claudio prepared. I ain made to understand, well.

[Exit. that you have lent him visitation. Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality Duke. He professes to have received no siCan censure’scape; back-wounding calumny pister measure from his judge, but most will. The whitest virtue strikes: What king so strong, ingly humbles himself to the determination of Can tie the gall up in the slanderous tongue ? justice : yet bad be framed to himself, by the But who comes here?

instruction of bis frailty, many deceiving pro. Enter Escalus, Provost, Bawd, and Officers. inises of life; wbich 1, by my good leisure,

Escal. Go, away with her to prison. have discredited to him, and now is be resolv

Bawd. Good my lord, be good to me ; your ed || to die. honour is accounted a merciful man: good my Escul. You have paid the heavens your lord.

function, and the prisoner the very debt of Escal. Double and treble admonition, and your calling. I have laboard for the poor still forfeits in the same kind? This would gentleman, to the extremest shore of my momake mercy swear, and play the tyrant. desty; but my brother justice have I found so

Prov. A bawd of eleven years continuance, severe, that he hath forced me to tell him, he nay it please your honour.

is indeed.--justice. Bawd, My lord, this is one Lucio's infor- Duke, Ir his own life answer the straitness nation against me: mistress Kate Keep-down of his proceeding, it shall become him well: Guided.

Opponent:

1 Have a wench. Transgress. II

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wherein, if he chance to fail, he hath sentenc Twice treble shame on Angelo, ed himself.

To weed my vice, and let his grow!, Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner : 0, what may man within him hide, Fare you well.

Though angel on the outward side!
Duke. Peace be with you!

How may likeness, made t in crimes,
(Exeunt ESCALUS and Provost. Making practice on the times,
He, who the sword of heaven will bear, Draw with idle spiders' strings
Should be as holy as severe;

Most pond'rous and substantial things!
Pattern in himself to know,

Craft against vice I mast apply : Grace to stand, and virtue go ;

Witb Angelo (0-night shall lie More nor less to others paying,

His old betrothed, but despis'd; Than by self-offences weighing:

So disguise sball, by the disguis'd, Shame to him, whose cruel striking

Pay with falsehood false exacting, I Kills for faults of his own liking!

And perform an old contracting, [Erit.

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3

ACT IV.
SCENEI.

Upon the heavy middle of the night.
A Room in Mariana's House:

Duke. But shall you on your knowledge MARIANA discovered sitting: a Boy singing. Isab. I have ta’en a due and wary note

find this way?

[upon't ; SONG.

With whispering and most guilty diligence,
Take, oh take those lips away,

In action all of precept, he did show me
That so sweetly were forsworri; The way twice o'er.
And those eyes the break of day,

Duke.' it!

Are there no other tokens Lights that do mislead the morn: Between you 'greed, concerning her observBut my kisses bring again,

ance?

11. [dark ; bring again, Isab. No, uone, but only a repair in the Seals of love, but seald in vain, And that I have posse I him, my most stay

seal'd in vain. Can be bat brief: for I have made him know, Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee I have a servant comes with me along, quick away;

That stays upon me; whose persuasion is,
Here comes a man of comfort, whose advice I come about my brother.
Hath often stilld my brawling discontent. Duke. ).

Tis well borne ap.
(Erit Boy. I have not yet made known to Mariana
Enter Duke.

A word of this :- What, ho! within! come I cry you 'mércy, sir; and well could wish

forth ! You had not found me here so musical :

Re-enter MARIANA,
Let me excuse me, and believe me so,
My inirth it much displeas’d, but pleas'd my I pray you, be acquainted with this maid
woe.

(such a charm, She comes to do you good. Duke. "Tis good: though musick oft hath Isab.

I do desire the like. To make bad good, and good provoke to barın. Duke. Do you persuade yourself that I I pray you, tell me, hath any body inquired respect you? for me here to-day? much upon this time Mari. Good friar, I know you do; and have I promis'd here to meet.

have found it.

[the land, Mari. You have not been inquired after: Duke. Take then this your companion by I have sat here all day.

Who hath a story ready for your ear:
Enter ISABELLA.'

I shall attend your leisure ; but make haste; Duke. I do constantly believe you :-The The vaporous night approaches.''}, " ** time is come, even now. I shall crave your

Mari. Will't please yon walk aside? for bearance a little ; may be, I will call upon

(Ereunt MARIANA and ISABELLA. you anon, for some advantage to yourself. Duke. O place and greatness, millious of Mari. I am always bound to you. [Erit.

Duke. Very well met, and welcome. Are stuck upon thee ! volumes of report
What is the news froin this good deputy? Run with these false and most contrarious
Isab. He hath a garden circanımır'd I with
brick,

Upon thy doings! thousand 'scapes tt of wit
Whose western side is with a vineyard back'd; Make thee the father of their idle dream, li.
And to that vineyard is a planched gate, And rack thee in their fancies ! Welcome!
That makes hisopening with this bigger key : 3. How agreed?
This other doth command a little door,

Re-enter Mariana and ISABELLA. "441! Which from the vineyard to the garden leads ; Isab. She'll take the enterprise" upon ber, There have I made my promise to call on him, I If you advise it.l ********... * father,

Appearance.19* & * Trained. & Walled round. O Plánkcd, wooden. a Informed.

Waits, is? * Inquisitions, inquiries. tt Sallie s.

false eyes

quests **

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Duke. 4. It is not my consent, true man thinks it big enough; if it be too big But my entreaty too.

for your thief, your thief thinks it little enough : Isab.

Little have you to say, '1 so every true man's apparel fits your thief, When you depart from him, but, soft and

Re-enter Provost. Remember now my brother.

[low, Prov. Are you agreed? Mari,

Fear me not. It Clo. Sir, I will serve him; for I do fiud, Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not your hangman is a more penitent trade than He is your husband on a pre-contract : (at all: your bawd; he doth oftener ask forgiveness. To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin ;

Prov. You, sirrah, provide your block and Sith that the jastice of your title to him 4* your axe, to-morrow four o'clock. Doth flourisht the deceit. Come, let us go; Abhor. Come on, bawd; I will instruct Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe's I to sow. thee in my trade ; follow.

** [Exeunt. Clo. I do desire to learu, sir; and, I hope, SCENE 11. A Room in the Prison.

if you have occasion to use me for your own

turn, you shall find me yare it; for, truly sir, Enter Provost and Clown.

for your kindness, I owe you a good turn. Prov. Come hither, sirrah: Can you cut off. Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio: a man's head 3

(Exeunt Clown and A BHORSUN. Clo. If the man be a bachelor, sir, I can : One has my pity ; not a jot the other, bat if he be a married man, he is his wife's Being a murderer, though he were my brother. head, and I can never cut off a woman's head.

Enter CLAUDIO. Prov. Come, sir, leave me your snatches, Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy and yield me a direct answer. To-morrow death:

[row morning are to die Claudio and Barnardine: 'Tis now dead midnight, and by eight to morHere is in our prison a common executioner, Thou must be made immortal.' Where's Barwho in his office lacks a belper: if you will nardine?

[less labour take it on you to assist him, it shall redeem Cluud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltyou from your gyves $; if not, you shall have When it lies starkly it in the traveller's bones : your full time of imprisonment, and your de. He will not wake. liverance with an unpitied whipping ; for you

Prov.

Who can do good on him have been a notorious bawd.

Well, go, prepare yourself. But hark, what Clo. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd,

noise ?

-- [Knocking within. time out of mind : bút yet I will be content Heaven give your spirits comfort ! to be a lawful hangman. I would be glad to

[Exit CLAUDIO. receive some instruction from my fellow part

By and by :[liorson, there? I hope it is some pardon, or reprieve, Prov. What ho, Abhorson! Where's Ab- For the most gentle Claudio-Welcome,father. Enter ABHORSON...

Enter Duke. Abhor. Do you call, sir ?'

Duke. The best and wholesomest spirits of Prov. Sircah, here's a fellow will help you the night

[here of late ? tomorrow in your execution : If you think it Envelop you, good Provost! Who calld meet, compound with him, by the year, and Prou. None, since the curfew rung. let him abide here with yon ; if not, use him Duke.

Not Isabel? for the present, and dismiss him: He cannot Prov. No. plead his estimation with you, he hath been Duke. They will then, ere't be long. a bawd.

1.1.1

Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ? Abhor. A bawd, sir? Fye apon him, he Duke.

There's some in hope. will discredit our mysteryll.

: Prov. It is a bitter deputy...es Prov. Go to, siro; yon weigh equally; a Duke. Not so, not so; his life is parallel'd. feather will turn the scale.

[Exit. Even with the stroke and line of his great Clo. Pray, sir, by your good favour, (for, He doth with holy abstinence subdue [justice; surely, sir, a good favour you have, but that That in lims::If, which he spur's on his power you bave a hanging look,) do you call, sir, To qualify 39, in others: were he meal'd lid your occupation a mystery?.

With that which he corrects, then were her Abhor. Ay, sir; a mystery:

tyrannous !

(come Clo. Painting, sir, I have heard say, is a But this being so, he's just. - Now are they mystery; and your whores, sir, being mem- [Knocking within.-Provost goes out. bers of my occupation, using painting, do This is a gentle provost : Seldom, when prove my occupation a mystery: but what The steeled gaolen is the friend of men..i mystery there should be in hanging, if I should How how? What noise ? That spirit's posbe hang'd, I cannot imagine.. at !****

sess'd with baste,

(strokes. Abhor. Sir, it is a mystery indoto ng That wounds the unsisting postern with these Clo. Proof..

Provost returns,

speaking to one at the duor, Abhor. Every true* man'sapparel fits your Prou. There he must stay, until the officer thief: Mit be too little for your thief, your Arise to let him in; he is call?d ups 21h

) , * Since. † Gild, or varnish over. I Tilth, land prepared for sowing. Ý Felters. Trade. S.Countenance. .1** Honestatt Ready 10. Stiflyauq2oj Moderate. U Pelled.

ner,

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Duke. Have you no countermand for present, or to come , insensible of mortality, Claudio yet,

and desperately mortal. But be must die to-morrow?

Duke. He wants advice. Prov.

None, sir, none.

Prov. He will hear none: he hath everDuke. As near the dawning, Provost, as it is, more had the liberty of the prison ; give him Yon shall hear more ere morning.

leave to escape tience, he would not : drunk Prov.

Jlappily, many times a day, if not many days entirely. You something know; yet, I believe, there drunk. We have very often awaked him, as comes

if to carry him to execution, and show'd him No countermand ; no such example have we: a seeming warrant for it: it hath not moved Besides, upon the very sieget of justiee, him at all. Lord Angelo hath to the public ear

Duke. More of him anon. There is written Profess'd the contrary:

in yoar brow, Provost, honesty and conEnter a Messenger.

stancy: if I read it not truly, my ancient Duke. This is his lordship's man.

skill beguiles me; but, in the boldness of my Prov. And here comes Claudio's pardon. cunning, I will lay myself in hazard. Claudio,

Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; whom here you have a warrant to execute, is and by me this further charge, that you swerve no greater forfeit to the law than Angelo who not from the smallest article of it, neither in bath sentenced him: To make you undertime, matter, or other circumstance. Good stand this is a manifested effect, I crave but morrow; for, as I take it, it is almost day. four days' respite; for the which you are

Prov. I shall obey him. [Exit Messenger. to do me both a present and a dangerous Duke. This is his pardon; purchas'd by courtesy. such sin,

(Aside. Prov. Pray, sir, in what ? For which the pardoner himself is in:

Duke. In the delaying death. Hence hath offence his quick celerity,

Prov. Alack! how may I do it? having When it is borne in high authority:

the hour limited ; and an express command, When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended, under penalty, to deliver his head in the That for the fault's love, is the offender view of Angelo? I may make my case as Now, sir, what news ?

[friendert. Claudio's, to cross this in the smallest. Prov.' I told you: Lord Angelu, belike, Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warthinking me remiss ir mine office, awakens rant you, if my instructions may be your me with this unwonted putting on t: methinks, guide. Let this Barnardine be this morning strangely; for he hath not used it before. executed, and his head borne to Angelo, Duke. Pray you, let's hear. .

Prov. Angelo hath seen them both, and Prov. (Reads.] Whatsoever you may hear will discover the favour \l. to the contrary, let Cluudio be executed Duke. 0, death's a great disguiser : and by four of the clock; and, in the after you may add to it. Shave the head, and tie noon, Burnardine: for my better satisfac- the beard; and say, it was the desire of the tion, let me have Claudio's head sent me by penitent to be so bared before his death : five. Let this be duly perform'd; with a You know, the course is common. If any thought, that more depends on it than we thing fall to you upon this, more than thanks must yet deliver. Thus fail not to do your and good fortune, by the saint whom I profess, office, as you will answer it at your peril. I will plead against it with my life. What say you to this, sir?

Prov. Pardon me, good father ; it is against Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to my oath. be executed in the afternoon?

Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nursed the deputy ? up and bred : one that is a prisoner nine Prov. To him, and to his substitutes. years old .

Duke. You will think you have made no Duke. How came it, that the absent duke offence, if the duke avouch the justice of your had not either deliver'd him to his liberty, or dealing ? executed him ? I have heard, it was ever his Prov. But what likelihood is in that manner to do so.

Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves Yet since I see you 'fearful, that neither my for him: And, indeed, his fact, till now in coat, integrity, por my persuasion, can with the government of lord Angelo, came not to ease attempt you, I will go further than I an undoubtful proof.

meant, to pluck all fears out of you. Look Duke. Is it now apparent ?

you, sir, here is the hand and seal of the Prov. Most manifest, and not denied by duke. You know the character, I doubt not; himself.

and the signet is not strange to you. Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in Prov. I know them both.' prison? How seems he to be touch'd ?

Duke. The contents of this is the return of Prov. A man that apprehends death no the dake; yoq shall anon over-read it at your more dreadfully, but as a drunken sleep; pleasure ; where you shall find, within these careless, reckless, and fearless of what's past, I two days he will be here. This is a thing, • Perhaps.

1 Seat. 1 Spur, incitement. Nine years in prison. || Countenance.

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