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and royal charge to St. Germains, only to be brought back by the assurance, on one side, that nothing was contemplated against the person of royalty; and, on the other, by her plighted word that she would abandon the cardinal; and as many times had she broken her pronise. Everything tended to add strength to the cabal formed

The royal treasury had been long exhausted by the favourites of the late monarch; the troops were without pay, and were allowed, in lieu of gold and rations, to live at free quarters in the towns and villages surrounding the capital ; Paris was straitened of provisions. The famine was made to be more severely felt through the artifices of the cabal, in order to heighten the resentment of the people against the Italian ; the poor rentiers of the Hôtel-de-Ville were starving and clamorous; and, in this moody state, were secretly instigated to appeal to the parliament for justice. The appeal, as its instigators knew, was well-timed; for Mazarin and his superintendent of finances, D’Emeri, had recently added twelve new masters to the court of requests, selling the patents at very high rates. Some money was raised by these means, but more clamour; for the old masters, very important and influential personages in the parliamentary corps, finding their profits materially lessened by the participation of the new-comers, enlisted the fears of the presidents in their

cause by pointing out the likelihood of an influx of new dignitaries of the latter class.

Thus aggrieved on their own account, the parliament took up the cause of the rentiers; and in addition, received very graciously the petitions of the Parisian populace against the hateful Italian, the author, as it was believed, of every misery which the nation groaned under; and, to complete their triumph, after receiving the private assurances of the chiefs of the cabal that Paris was their own, and would stand up in their defence as one man, they ventured on a solemn edict against the Cardinal Mazarin as a traitor to France, declared his person banished the kingdom, and if found within the French territory after a fixed period, a price to be set on his headhis furniture, library, and valuables, meanwhile, to be sold for the benefit of the starving populace.

Thus was the nation, through a chain of circumstances, from a peaceful though impoverished and lethargic state, brought into a fit of rebellion. The elements of discord, at first few and unconnected, had been, through the subtle agency of a few ambitious spirits, made to assume a strength and consistency which threatened even what now forms one side of the Place du Carousel, a building then known as the Hôtel de Chevreuse,—the head-quarters of Mazarin's enemies ;-thither was the Coadjutor in the habit of repairing often to meet the gay company which surrounded at supper Madame de Chevreuse and her fascinating daughter. And it was rumoured very generally, that secret advice had lately come to the prelate's ears, that on two occasions he had, almost by miracle, escaped an ambush planted to intercept his homeward progress; once, by returning in a friend's coach, and on another occasion, by his attendants taking an unusual route. Had he been entrapped, it was intimated, the intention was to carry him across the frontiers, far from the scene of his labours in the pulpit of Notre Dame. Among those who canvassed this rumour-and it very soon reached the lowliest of his partisans, endearing him the more to their hearts-fall credit was given to Mazarin as the author of the plot; but whether the Coadjutor coincided in this opinion or not, he no longer trusted to the holiness of his office for protection, but hired, lodged, and fed a considerable body of retainers, among whom, as before intimated, were many officers of the loyat Scottish army, who had fought and suffered for the unfortunate Charles.

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Richelieu's superb abode, in the late reign known as the Palais Cardinal, and now as the Palais Royal, had been chosen by the queen-regent in preference to the Tuilleries. A gorgeous memorial of the treasure heaped on the favourite of the thirteenth Louis, it had been left by the dying minister to his royal master ;—and is not the only instance of ministerial munificence recorded in history; but the English cardinal, to whom our memory reverts, the lordly founder of Hampton Court, was less fortunate than the Frenchman, and his legacy has less the fruit of spontaneous will than of dread and compulsion. Here dwelt

, in fear and trembling, Anne, queen-regent, mother of the youthful Louis XIV., within hearing of the cries of the Parisian populace, threatened with all the horrors of a civil war, and yet gifted with enough of firmness or obstinacy, having its source in pride, or perhaps a tenderer feeling, to resist all and brave all-even to the forgetting of her pledged word—rather than dismiss Mazarin.com

Hard by, yet unseen from our aërial position, stands the Hôtel de Mazarin, in the Rue de Vivienne. Sheltered within its recesses, lodges the crafty Italian, afraid to venture out without a strong escort, yet exerting every species of intrigue, and all the influence of the royal

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