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With ever-burning sulphur unconsum'd : We may with more successful hope resolve
Such place eternal Justice hath prepard To wage by force or guile eternal war,
For those rebellious, here their prison ordain'd Irreconcilable to our grand foe,
In utter darkness, and their portion set Who now triumphs, and in th' excess of joy
As far remov'd from God and light of heav'n Sole reigning holds the tyranny of heav'n.
As from the center tbrice to th'utmost pole. So spake th' apostate angel though in pain,
O how unlike the place from whence they fell! Vaunting aloud, but rackd with deep despair ;
There the companions of his fall, o'erwhelm'd And him thus answer'd soon bis bold compeer:
With floods and whirlwinds of tempestuous O Prince! O Chief of many throned powers,

That led th’imbattled seraphim to war
He soon discerns, and welt'ring hy his side Under thy conduct, and in dreadful deeds
One next himself in pow'r, and next in crime, Fearless, indanger'd heav'n's perpetual King,
Long after known in Palestine, and nam'd And put to proof his bigh supremacy,
Beelzebub. To whom th' Arch-enemy, Whether upheld by strength, or chance, or fate,
And thence in beav'n call'd Satan, with bold | Too well I see and rue the dire event,

That with sad overthrow and foul defeat Breaking the horrid silence, thus begaa: Hath lost us heav'n and all this mighty host If thou beest he; but o how fallin! bow In horrible destruction laid thus low, chang'd

As far as gods and heav'uly essences From him, who, in the happy realms of light, I Can perish: for the mind and spirit remains Cloth'd with transcendent brightness didst Invincible, avd vigour soon returns, outshine

(league, Though all our glory' extinct, and happy state Myriads though bright! If he who mutual Here swallow'd up in endless misery. United tboughts and counsels, equal hope But what if he our conqu’ror (whom I now And hazard in the glorious enterprise,

Of force believe Almighty, siuce no less Joiu'd with me ovce, now misery bath joiu'd Than such could have o'erpow'r'd such force In equal rain : into what pit thou seest

as ours) From what height fall'o, so much the stronger | Have left us this our spirit and strength entire prou'd

Strongly to suffer and support our pains, He with his thunder: and till then who knew

That we may so suffice bis vengeful ire, The force of those dire arms? yet not for those, | Or do him mightier service as bis thralls Nor what the potent Victor in his rage

By right of war, whate'er his bus'ness be, Can else inflict, do I repent or change,

Here in the heart of bell to work in fire, Though chang'd in outward lustre, that fix'd | Or do his errands in the gloomy deep; mind,

What can it then avail, though yet we feel And high disdain from sense of injurd merit, Strength undiminishid, or elernal being That with the Mightiest rais'd jae to contend, To undergo eternal punisbment? And to the fierce contention brought along Whereto with speedy words th' Arch-fiend Innumerable force of spirits arm’d,

reply'd : That durst dislike his reign, and me preferring, Fall'u Cherub, to be weak is miserable, His utmost pow'r with adverse pow'r oppos'd Doing or suffering: but of this be sure, In dubious battle on the plains of heav'n, To do ought good never will be our task, And shook his throne. What though the field | But ever to do ill our sole delight, be lost?

A3 being the contrary to lis higli will All is not lost; th' uuconquerable will, Whom we resist. If then bis provideuce And study of revenge, immortal hate,

Out of our evil seek to bring forth good, And courage never to submit or yield,

Our labour must be to pervert that end, And what is else not to be overcome;

Aud out of good still tu find means of eyil; That glory never shall his wrathi or might Which oft-times may suceced, so as perbaps Extort from me.

To how and sue for grace Shall grieve him, if I fail not, and disturb With suppliant knee, and deify his power, His in most counsels from their destin'd aimn; Who from the terror of this armı so late

But see the augry Victor liath recall's Doubted his empire; that were low indeed, His ministers of vengeance and pursuit That were an ignominy, and shame beueath Back to the gates of heav'a; the sulpl'rous This dowufall; since by fate the strength of hail gods

Shot after us in storm, v'erblown hath laid And this empyreal substance cannot fail, The fiery surge, that from the precipice Since through experience of tbis great event, Of heav'n receiv'd us falling; and the thunder, la arms out worse, in foresight much adranc'd, Wing'd with red lighting and impetuous rage,

Perhaps hath spent bis shafts, and ceases now Of thund'ring Ætna, whose combustible
To bellow through the vast and boundless And fuel'd entrails thence conceiving fre,

Sublim'd with mineral fury, aid the winds,
Let us not slip th' occasion, whether scorn, Aud leave a singed bottom all involv'd
Or satiate fury yield it from our foe.

With stencil and smoke: such resting found Seest thou yon dreary plain, forlorn and wild,

the sole The seat of Desolation, void of light,

Of unblest feet. Him follow'd his next mate, Save what the glimmering of these livid flames Both glorying to have 'scap'd the Stygian food Casts pale and dreadful! Thitber let us tend As Gods, and by tbeir own recover'd strength, Froin off the tossing of these fiery waves, Not hy the sufferance of supernal Power. There rest, if any rest can harbour there, Is this the region, this the soil, the clime, And re-assembling our afflicted powers,

Said then the lost Arch-Angel, tbis the seat Consult how we may henceforth most offend That we must change for Hear'n, this inourne Our enemy, our own loss how repair,

fu! gloom How overcome this dire calamity,

For that celestial light? Be it so, since he What reinforcement we may gain from hope. Who wow is Suv'rain cau dispose and bid

Thus Satan talking to his nearest mate What shall be right: farthest from him is best, With head up-lift above the wave, and eyes !V hom reason hath equall'd, furce bath made that sparkling blaz’d, his other parts besides

supreme Prone on the food, extended long and large, Above bis equa. so Farewell happy fields, Lay floating many a rood, in bulk as huge Where joy for ever dwells: Hail horrors, hail As whom the fables name of monstrous size, Infernal world, and thou profoundest Hell Titanian, or Earth-born, that warr’d op Jove, Receive thy new possessor; one who brings Briareos or Typhon, whom the den

A mind not to be chang'd by place or time. By ancient Tarsus held, or that sea-beast The inind is its own place, and in itself Leviathan, which God of all his works Can make a Heav'n of Hell, a Hell of Heav'n. Created bugest that swim tl' ocean stream: What matter where, if I be still the same, Him haply slumb’ring on the Norway foam : And what I should be, all but less than he The pilot of some small night-founder'd skiff Whom thunder latb made greater? Here at Deeming some island, oft, as seamen tell,

least With fixed anchor in his scaly rind

T'e shall be free; th' Almighty hath not buitt Moors by his side under the lee, while night Here for his envy, will not drive us hence : Invests the sea, and wished morn delays : Here we may reign secure, and in my choice So stretch'd out huge in length the Arch-fiend To reign is worth ambition though in bell: lay

Better to reign in hell than serve in heaven. Chaiu'd on the burning lake, nor ever thence But wherefore let we then our faithful friends, Hadris'n or heav'd bis head, but that the will

Th'associates and copartners of our loss, And high permission of all ruling Heaven Lie tbus astonish'd on th'oblivious pool, Left him at large to bis own dark designs, And call them not to share with us their part That with reiterated crimes he might

In this unhappy mansion, or once more Heap on himself damnation, while he sought

With rallied arms to try what may be yet Evil to others, and enrag'd might see

Regain’d in heav'n, or what more lost in hell! How all his malice serv'd but to bring forth So Satan spake, and him Beëlzebub Infinite goodness, grace and mercy shown Tbus answer'd. Leader of those armies bright On Man by bim suduc'd, but on himself Which but th' Omnipotent none could bave Treble confusion, wrath avd vengeance pour'd.

fuild, Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool If once they hear that voice, their liveliest His iniglity stature; on each hand the Aames pledge Driv’n backward slope their pointing spires, of hope in fears and dangers, heard so oft and roll'a

In worst extremes, and on the perilous edge In billows, leave i'th' midst a horrid vale. Of battle when it rag'd, in all assaults Then with expanded wings be steers his fight | Their surest signal, they will soon resume Aloft, incumbent on the dusky air

New courage and revive, though now they lie That felt unusual weight, till on dry land Groveling and prostrate on yon lake of fire, He lights, if it were land that ever burn'd As we ere while, astounded and amaz'd, With solid, as the lake with liquid fire; No wonder, fall’o such a pernicious height. And such appear’d in liue, as when the force He scarce bad ceas'd when the superior Of subterranean wind transports a hill


[shield, Torn from Pelorus, or the shatter'd side Was moving tow'ard the shore; his poud'rous


Ethereal temper, massy, large, and round, Of Amram's son, in Egypt's evil day,
Behind him cast; the broad circunference Wav'd round the coast, ap call'd a pitchy
Hung on his shoulders like the moon, wbose cloud

Of locusts, warping on the eastern wind, Through optic glass the Tuscan artist views That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh hung At evening from the top of Fesolé,

Like night, and darken't all the land of Nile : Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands,

So nunberless were those bad angels seen Rivers or mouutains on ber spotty globe. Hovering on wing under the cope of hell His spear, to equal which the tallest pine 'Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding fires; Hewn on Norwegian bills, to be the mast Till, as a signal givin, tl' up-lifted spear Of some great ammiral, were but a wand, Of their great Sultan waving to direct He walk'd with to support uneasy steps Their course, in even balance down they light Over the burning marle, not like those steps On the firm brimstone, and fill ali tbe plain; On heaven's azure, and ibe torrid clime A multilude, like which the populous north Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with fire : Pour'd never from ber frozen loins, to pass Nathless he so endur'd, till on the beach Rhene or the Danaw, when her barbarous sons Of that inflamed sea he stood, and call'd Came like a deluge on the south, and spread His legions, Angel forms, who lay entranc'd

Beneath Gibraltar to the Lybian sa ids. Thick as autumnal leaves that strow the

Forthwith from every squadron and each band brooks

The heads and leaders thithier haste where In Valloinbrosa, wbere th'Etrurian shades


[forins High over-arch'd imbow'r; or scatter'd sedge | Their great commander ; godlike shapes aud Afloat, when with fierce winds Orion arm'd

Excelling human, princely diguities, Hath vex'd the Red-Sea coast, whose waves

Aud pow'rs that erst in heaven sat on thrones; o'ertbrew

Though of their names in hear'nly records Busiris and his Memphian chivalry, While with perfidious hatred they pursued

Be no memorial, blotted out and ras'd The sojourners of Goshen, who beheld

By their rebellion from the books of life. From the safe shore their floating carcases

Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve And broken chariot-wheels : so thick bestrown

Got them new names, till waud'ring o'er the Abject and lost lay these, covering the focu,


(man, Under amazement of their hideous change.

Through God's high sufferance for the trial of He call'd so loud, that all the hollow deep By falsities and lies the greatest part Of hell resouuded. Princes, Potentates, of mankind they corrupted to forsake Warriors, the flow'r of heav'n, once yours, God their creator, and the invisible 130w lost,

Glory of him that made them to transforma If such astonishment as this can seize

Oft to the image of a brute, adorn'd Eternal Spirits ; or have ye chos'n this place With gay religions full of poop and gold After the toil of battle to repose

And devils to adore fur deities: Your wearicd virtue, for the case you find

Then were they known to men by various To sluunber bere, as in the vales of heaven?

names, Or in this abject posture have ye sworn And various idols thronghi the heathen world. To adore the conqueror? wbo pow beholds

Say, Muse, their names then kuown, wbo first, Cherub and Seraph rolling in the flood

who last, With scatter'd arms and ensigus, till anon Rou'd from the slumber, on that fiery couch, His swift pursuers from heav'n gates discern

At their great emp'ror's call, as next in worth Th'advantage, and descending tread us down Came singly where he stood on the bare strand, Thus drooping, or with linked thunderbolts

While the promiscuous crowd stood yet aloof. Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf.

The chief were those who from the pit of bell Awake, arise, or be for ever fallin.

Roaming to seek their prey on earth, durst fix They heard, and were abash d, and up they! Their seats long after next the seat of God, sprung

Their altars by lis altar, gods ador'd Upon the wing, as when men wont to watch Among the nations round, and durst abide Ou duty, sleeping found by whom they dread, Jehovah thund'ring out of Sion, throu'd Rouse and bestil themselves ere well awake. Between the Cherubim ; yea, often plac'd Nor did they not perceive the evil plight Within his sanctuary itself their shrines, In which they were, or the fierce pains not feel; Abominations; and with cursed things Yet to their general's voice they soon obey'd His holy rites and solemn feasts protand, Innumerable. As when the potent rod

And with their darkness durst afront his light. First Moloch, horrid king, besmear'd with By that uxorivus king, whose heart, though blood

Jarge, Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears, Beguild by fair idolatresses, fell Though for the noise of druins and timbrils To idols foul. Thammuz came next behind, loud

[through fire | Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd Tbeir children's cries unhcard, that pass'd | The Syriau damsels to lament his fate To his grim idol. Him the Ammonite

Tu amorous ditties all a summer's day; Worship'd in Rabba and her watry plain, While sinooth Adonis from his native rock In Argob and in Basan, to the streain

Ran purple to the sea, suppos'd with blood Of utmost Arvon. Nor content with such Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the ture-taleAudacious neighour bood, the wisest heart Infected Sion's daughters with like heat, Of Solomon be led by fraud to build

Wliose wanton passions in the sacred porck His temple right against the temple of God Ezekiel saw, when by the vision led Onthat opprobrious bill, and made his grove His eye siirvey'd the dark idolatries Tbe pleasant valley of Hiinmon, Tophet' | Ofalienated Judah. Next came one thence

Who mournid in earnest, wben ihe captive aik And black Gehenna call'd, the type of bell. Maim'd bis brute image, head and bauds lops Next Chemos, the obscene dread of Moab's

off sons,

In his own temple, on the grounsel edge, From Aroar to Nebo, and the wild

Where he fell fat, and sham'd his worshipperst Of sonthmost Abarin ; in Hesebon

Dagon his wame, sea monster, "pward man And Horonaim, Seon's realm, beyond

And downward fish : yet hand his temple high The flowr'y dale of Sibma, clad with vines, Rear'd in Azotus, dreaded through the coast And Eleäle to the Asphaltic pool.

Of Palestine, in Gath and Ascalon, Peor his other name, when he enticid

And Accarou and Gaza's frontier bounds. Israel in Sittim on their march froin Nile

Him followed Rimmon, whose delightful seat To do bim wanton rites, which cost them woe. Was fair Damascus, on the fertile banks Yet thence bis lustful orgies he anlargd Of Abbana and Pharphur, lucid streams. Ev'n to that hill of scandal, hy the grove He also against the house of God was bold: Of Joloch homicide; lust hard by hale; A leper once he lost, and gain’d a king, Till good Josiah drove them thence to bell Ahaz his sottish conqu’ror, whom he drev With these came they, who form the bordring' God's altar to diaparage and displace flood

For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn of old Euphrates to the brook that parts His odious offerings, and adore the gods Erupt from Syrian ground, had general names Whom lie bad vanquish'd. After these ap. Of Baalim and Ashtaroth, those male,

peara These feminine. For spirits, when they A crew, who under names of old renown, please

Osiris, Isis, Orus, and their train, Can either sex assume, or both; so soft

With monstrous shapes and soreries it bersal And compounded in their essence pure, Fanatic Egypt and her priests, to suck Notty'd or manacled with joint or limb, Their wand'ring gods disguisd in hrutish Nor founded on the brittle strength of bones,

forms Like cumb'rous flesh; but in what shape they Ratlier than human. Nor did Israel 'scape choose,

Th’infection, when their borrow'd gold coulDilated or condens'd, bright or obscure,

pos'd Can execute their airy purposes,

The calf in Oreb; and the rebel king And works of love or enmity fulfil.

Doubled that sin in Bethel and in Dan, For those the race of Israel oft forsook

Likening bis Maker to the grazed ox, Their living strength, and aufreqnented left Jehovab, who in one night when he passid His righteous altar, bowing lowly down From Egypt marching, reuall'd with one stoke To bestial gods ; for which their heads as low Both her first-born and all her bleating gods. Buw'd down in battle, sunk before the spear Belial came last, than whom a spirit more Of despicable foes. With these in troop

lewa Came Ashtoreth; whom the Phænicians call'd Fell not from Heav'n, or more gross to love Astarte, Queen of Heav'u, with crescent horns; Vice for itself: to bip no temple stood To whose bright image nightly by the moon Or altar smokd ; yet who more oft than be Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs ; Ju temples and at altars, when the priest 1. Sion also not unsung, where stood

Turns Athiest, as did Eli's sons, who tillid Her temple on th' offensive mountain, built With lust and violence the house of God?



1n courts ave palaces he also reigus,

Ten thousaud banners rise into the air And in luxurious cities, where the noise With orient colours waving; with them rose Of riot asceuds above the lofticst touers, A forest huge of spears; and thronging helms Aud injury and outrage: and when Night Appear'd, and serried shields in thick array Darkens the streets, then wander forth the Of depth immeasurable: anon they move

In perfeet phalanx to the Dorian mood Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine. Of flutes and soft recorder; such as rais d Witness the streets of Sodom, and that night To heights of noblest temper heroes old In Gibeah, when the hospitable door

Arming to battle; and instead of rage Expos’d a mation to avoid worse rape.

Deliberate valour breath'd, firm and onmor'd These were the prime in order and in might; With dread of death to flight or foal retreat; The rest were long to tell, though far re Nor wanting pow'r to mitigate and swage nown'd,

With solemn touches troubled thoughts, and Th' lonian gods, of Javan's issue held


[pain, Gods, yet confessid later than beaven and Anguish and doubt, and fear and sorrow, and earth,

(boru, From mortal or immortal minds. Thus they, Their boasted parents : Titan beav'u's first Breathing united force, with fixed thought With his enormous brood, and birth-right | Mor'd on iu silence to soft pipes, that charm'a seiz'd

Their painful steps o'er the burnt soil; and By youuger Saturn; be from mightier Jove His own and Rhea's sov like measure found; Advanc'd in view, they stand, a horrid front So Jove usurping reigo'd: these first in Crete Of dreadful length and dazzling arms, in gaise And I da known, thence on the snowy top Of warriors old with order'd spear and shield, Of cold Olympus ruld the middle air,

A waiting what command their mighty Chief Their highest beav'n; or on the Delphian Had to impose; he through the armed files cliff,

Darts bis experienc'd eye, and soon traverse Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds The whole battalion views their order due, Of Doric land; or who with Saturn oli Their risages and stature as of gods, Fled over Adria to th' Hesperion fields, Their number last he sums. And now his And y'er the Celtic roand the utmost isles.


(strength All these and more came fucking; but with Dixtends with pride, and hard ning in his looks

(pear'a Glories: for never since created man Down-cast and damp, yet sich wherein ap Met sich embodied force, as nam'd with these Obscure some glimpse of joy, to bave found | Could merit more than that small infantry their chief

slost Warr’d on by craves; tbvugh all the giant Not in despair, to have found tlıcmselves not

brood Ju loss itselt'; which on bis count'nance cast Or Phlegra with th' heroic race were join'd Ljke doubtful hue: but lie bis wonted pride That fought at Thebes and Ilium, on each side Seou recollecting, with bigh words, that bore Mix'd with auxiliar gods; and what resounds semblance of worth, not substance, gently Tu fable or romance of Uther's son, raiser

Begirt with Britislı and Armoric knights; Their fainting courage, and dispellid their And all who since, baptiz’d or infidel, fears.

(sound Jousted in Aspramont or Monlalban,
Then strait commands, that at the warlike Damasco, or Marocco, or Trebisond,
Of trumpels loud and clarions be upreard Or whom Biserta sent from Afric shure,
His mighty standard: that proud honour

When Charlemain, with all his peerage, fell claim'd

By Fontarabia. Thus far these beyond Azazel as bis right, a cherub tall;

Compare of mortal prowess, yet observ'd Who forth vith from the glittering staff un

Their dread Commander : he above the rest, furld

In shape and gesture proudly eminent, Th' imperial ensign, which full high advanc'd Stood like a tower; his form had yet not lost Shone like a meteor streaming to tbe wind,

All her original brightness, nor appear'd With gems and golden lustre rich imblaz'd,

Less thao Archangel ruin'd, and th'excess Seraphic arms and trophies; all the while Of glory obscur'd; as when the sun new-risen Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds : Looks through the horizontal misty air At which the universal host up sent

Shorn of liis beams, from behind the moon A shout that tore hell's concave, and beyond In dim eclipse disastrous twilight sheds Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night.

On balf the nations, and with fear of change All in a moment through the gloom were seen Perplexes monarchs. Darken'd so, yet shone

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