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First seen iu acts of prowess eminent

No sanctity, if noue be thither brought And great exploits, but of true virtue void; By men who there frequent, or thereio dwell. Who having spilt much blood, and done much Aud now what further shall ensue bebold. waste

|| He look'd, and saw the ark hull on the flood Subduing nations, and achiev'd thereby Which now abated; for the clouds were fled, Fame in the world, high titles, and rich prey, Driv'u by a keen oorth-wind, that blowing Shall change their course to pleasure, ease, and dry sloth,

Wrinkled the face of Deluge, as decay'd ; Surfeit, and lust, till wantonness and pride And the clear sun on his wide watry glass Raise out of friendship hostile deeds in peace. Gazd hot, and of the fresh wave largely drew, The conquer'd also, and inslav'd by war As after thirst, which made their fowiug Shall with their freedom lost all virtac lose

sbriok And fear of God, from whom their piety From standing lake to tripping ebb, that feign'd

stole In slrarp contest of battle found no aid With soft foot towards thee Deep, who now Against invaders ; therefore cool'l in zeal Tbenceforth shall practice bww to live secure, His sluices, as the Hear'n his windows shut. Worldly or dissolute, on what their lords The ark no more now floats, but seems on Shall leave them to enjoy; for thi' carth shall ground bear

Past on the top of some loigh mountain fix'd. More than enougly, that temp'rance may be

And now the tops of bills as rocks appear; tryd :

With clamour thence tlie rapid currents drive So all shall turn degenerate, all deprav’d,

Towards the retreating sea their furious tide. Justice and temp'rance, truth and faith for

Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies, got:

And after him the surer messenger, One man except, the only son of Liglit

A dove sent forth once and again to spy In a dark age, against example good,

Green tree or ground whereon his foot may Against allureinent, custom, and a world

light; Offended; fearless of reproach and scorn,

The second time returning, in his bill Or violence, he of their wicked ways

An olive leaf he brings, pacific sign : Shall them admonish, aud before them set Anon dry ground appears and from his ark The paths of righteousness, how much more The ancient sire descends with all his train; safe

Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout, And full of peace, denouncing wratlı to come Grateful to Heav'n, over bis head beholds On their impenitence; and shall return A dewy clond, and in the cloud a bow Oftbem derided, but of God observ'd

Conspicuous with three listed colours gay, The one just man alive; by bis command Betukeving peace from God, and covenant Shall build a wondrous ark, as thou beheldst, To save himself and bousbold from amidst Whereat the heart of Adam erst so sad A world devote to universal wrack.

Greatly rejoie'd, and thus bis joy broke forth. No sooner be with them of inan and beast O thou who future things capst represent Select for life shall in the ark be lodg'd, As present, hear'oly Instructor, I revive And shelter'd round, but all the cataracts At this last sight, assur'd that man shall live Of Heav'o set open on the earth shall pour

With all the creatures, and their seed pre Rain day and night; all fountains of the deep

Far less I now lament for one whole world Broke up, shall beave the ocean to usurp

Of wicked sous destroy'd, than I rejoice Beyond all bounds, till inundation rise

For one man found so perfect and so just,

That God vouchsafes to raise another world Abore the bighest bills: then shall this

From bim, and all his anger to forget. mount

But say what mean those colour'd streakes in Of Paradise by might of waves be mov'd

Heav'n Out of his place, push'd by the horned food

Distended as the brow of God appeasid, With all his verdure spoil'd, and trets adrift,

Or serve they as a fow'ry verge to bind Down the great river to the opening gulf, The Auid skirts of that same watry cloud, And there take root an island salt and bare,

Lest it again dissolve and show'r the earth? The haunt of seals and orcs, and sea-mews To whom th' arcb.angel. Dext'rously thou clang:

aim'st; To teach thee that God attributes to place

So willingly duth God remit his ire,

new.

serve.

Though late repenting him of inan deprav'd,
Griev'd at his heart when looking down hie

saw

Surpass his bounds, nor rain to drown the
world

[brings
With may therein or beast; but when he
Over the earth a cloud, will therein set
His triple colour'd bow, whereon to look,
And call to inind his cov’nant: day and night,
Seed-time and harvest, heat and hoary frost
Shall hold their course, till tire purge all
things new,

The whole exoth fill'd with violence, and all

Resh
Corrupting each their way; yet those re-

mov'd
Such grace shall one just man find in bis

sight
That he relents, not to blot out mankind,
And makes a covenant never to destroy
The earth again by flood, nor let the sea

[shall dwell. Both Heav'n and Earth, wherein the just

END OF THE ELEVENTH BOOK,

PARADISE LOST.

BOOK XII.

THE ARGUMENT. The Angel Michel continues from the flood to relate what shall succeert; then, in the moution of Abraham, comes by degrees to explain, who tisat Seed of the Woruan shall be, which was proasised Adamu aud Bre in the fall; his incarnation, death, resurrection, and ascension; the state of the church till pie secoud coming. Adam greatly satisficd and seconforted by these relations and promises, descends the hill with Michael; wakens Eve, who all this while had slept, but with gentle dreams composed to quietness of inind and subir ission. Michiel in either hand leads thein out of Paradise, the fiery sword waving behind them, and the Cherubim taking their stations to guard the place.

sumes.

As one who in bis journey bates at noon, Will arrogate dominion undeserv'd Though bent on speed; so here the Arch Over his brethren, and quite dispossess angel pausd

Concord and law of nature from the earth, Betwixt the world destroy'd and world re Hunting (and men not beasts shall be bis storil,

game) If Adam ought perhaps might interpose;

With war and hostile snare sucb as refuse Then with transition sweet new speech re Subjection to his empire tyrannous :

(end ; | A mighty hunter thence he shall be styl'd Thus thou hast seen one world begin aud Before the Lord, as in despite of Heaven, And may as from a second stock proceed. Or from Heav'u claiming second sos'reignty: Much thou bast yet to see, but I perceive And from rebellion shall derive his name, Thy mortal sight to fail; objects divine Though of rebellion others be accuse. Must needs impair and weary human sense : He with a crew, whom like ambition joins Henceforth what is to come I will relate, With hiw or under him to tyrannize, Thou therefore give due audience, and attend. Marching from Eden towards the west, shall This second source of meu, while yet but few, find, And while the dread of judgment past remains ! The plain, wherein a black bituminous gurge Fresh in their minds, fearing the Deity, Boils out from under ground, the mouth of With some regard to what is just and right

Hell: Shall lead their lives, and multiply apace, Of brick, and of tbat stuff they cast to build Lab'ring the soil, avd reaping plenteous crop, A city and tow'r, whimse top nay reach to Coru, wine, and oil; and from the herd or Heaven ; fluck,

And get themselves a name, lest far dispersie Oft sacrificing bullock, lamb, or kid,

In foreign lands their wemory be lost, With large wine-offerings pour'd, and sacred | Regardless whether good or evil fame. feast,

[well But God who oft descends to visit men Shall spend their days in joy wyblam'd, and | Uuseen, and through their habitations walks Long time in peace by families and tribes To mark their doings, them beholding soon, Under paternal rule: till one shall rise Comes down to see their city, ere the tower Of proud ambitious beart, who not content Obstruct Heav'n-tow'rs, and in derision sets With fair equality, fraternal state,

Upon their longues a various sp'rit to rase,

Quite out their native language, and instead And one peculiar nation to select
To sow a jangling noise of words auknuwu: From all the rest, of whom to be invok d,
Forthwith a lide016 gabble rises lond

A Daliun fruen ove faithful ma to sprieg: Aunong ihe builders ; each to other calls Him on this side Euphrates yet residog, Not understood, till boarse, and all in rage,

Bred up io idol worship; O tbat man As mock'd they storm; great laugliter was in (Canst thou believe?) should be so stupid Heaven

growi),

(6 od, And looking down, to see the hubbub strange While yet the Patriarch liv'd, who scap'd the Aud hear the din; thus was the building lett As to forsake the living God, aud fall Ridiculous, and the work Confusion nam'd. To worship their uwn work in wood or stone

Whereto thus Adam fuileriy displeas'd. For Guds! yet bim God the most High vouch O execrable son so to aspire

safes Above his brethren, to bimself assuming To call by vision from bis father's house, Authority usurp’d, frons God not giv'o : His kindred and false gods, into a land He give us only over beast, 6sli, and fowl, Which he will shew hin, and from him will Dominion absolute; that right we hold

raise By bis donation; but may over men

A mighty nation, and upon him shower le inade not lord ; such title to himself

His benediction so, that in his seed Reserving, buman left from buman free. All nations shall be blest; he strait obers But this usurper his encroachment proud Not knowing to what land, yet firm believes: Stays not on man; to God his tow'r intends

I see him, but thou canst not, with what faith Siege and defiance: wretched man! what food He leaves his gods, bis friends, and native soil Will he convey up thither to sustain

l'r of Chaldea, passing vow the ford Himself and bis rash army, where thin air To Haray, after him a cuinbrous traio Above the clouds will pire his entrails gross, Of herds and Hocks, and numerous servitude ; And famish bim of breath, if not of bread ? Not waud'ring poor, but trusting all bis To whom thus Michael. Justly thou ab

wealth horr'st

With God, wlio callid him, in a land unknown. That son, who ou the quiet state of man Canaan he now attains; I see his tents Sach trouble brought, affecting to subdue Pitch'd about Sechem, and the neighb'ring Rational liberty; yet know withal,

Of Moreh; there by promise he receives Since thy original lapse, trlie liberty

Gift to his progeny of all that land, Is lost, which always with right reason dwells From Hamath northward to the desert south, Twiun'd, and from her bath no dividual being: (Thoughi by their names I call, though yet Reason in man ohscurd, or pot ubey'd,

unnam'd) Immediately inordinate desires

From Hermon east to the great westein sea; And upstart passions catch te government Mount Hermon, yonder sea, each place behold From reason, and to servitude reduce

In prospect, as I point them; on the shore Man till then free. Therefore since he permits Mount Carmel; bere the double-founted Within bin self unwortly powers to reigu

stream Over free reason, God in judgment just Jordan, true limit eastward; but his sons Subjects him from without to violent lords; Shall dwell to Senir, that long ridge of hills. Wbo oft as undeservedly inthral

This ponder, that all nations of the earth His outward freedom; tyranny must be, Shall in his seed be blessed; by that seed Though to the tyrant thereby no excuse. Is meant thy great deliv'rer, who sball bruise Yet sometimes nations will decline so low Tlie serpent's head; whereof to thee anon From virtue which is reason, that vo wrong, Plainlier shall be reveald. This patriarch But justice, and some fatal curse annes'd

blest, Deprives them of their outward liberty, Whom faithful Abraham duc time shall call, Their inward lost: witness th'irreverent son A son, and of his son a grand-child leares, Of him who built the ark, who for the shame Like him in faith, in wisdom, and renown; Done to his father, beard this heavy curse, The grand-child with twelve sons increasid Serrant of servants, on his vicious race.

departs Thus will this latter, as the former world, From Canaan, to a land hereafter call'd Still tend from bad to worse, till God at last Egypt, divided by the river Nile; Wearied with their iniquities, withdraw Sec where it flows, disgorgiog at seven moaths His presence from among them, and avert Into the sea : to sojourn in tbat land His holy eyes; resolving from thenceforth He comes invited by a younger son To leave them to their owy polluted ways; In time of dearth, a son whose worthy deeds

rolls;

Raise him to be second in that realm

;

Over the sea; the sea bis rod obeys; Of Pharaoh: there be dies, and leaves his race On their imbattled rauks the waves return, Growing into a nation, and now grown

And overwhelm their war: the race elect Suspected to a sequent king, who seeks Safe towards Canaan from the shore advance To stop their overgrowth, as inmate guests Through the wild dusert, not the readiest way, Tuo-numerous; whence of guests he makes Lest entring ou the Canaanite alarm’d them slaves

War ter ify them inexpert, and fear Johospitably, and kills their infant males: Relura them back to Egypt, choosing rather Till by two brethren (those two brethreu call Inglorious life with servil ude; for life Moses and Aarou) sent from God to claim To noble and ignoble is more sweet His people from inthralment, they retura Untraiu'd in arms, where rashness leads not on. With glory and spoil back to their promisd This also shall they gain hy their delay laud.

In the wide wilderness, there they shall found But first the lawless tyrant, who devics Tbeir government, and their great senate To know their God, or message to regard,

choose Must be compellid by signs and judgments Through the twelve tribes, to rule by laws ordire ;

dain'd: To blood unshed the rivers must be turu'd; God from the mount of Sinai, whose gray top Frogs, lice, aud files, must all his palace till Shall tremble, he descending, will bimself With loath'd intrusion, and fill the land; Iu thunder, lightning, aud loud trumpets His cattle must of rot and murren die ;

sound, Butches and blains must all his flesh imboss,

Ordain them laws; part such as appertain And all his people; thunder niix'd with hail, To civil justice, part religious rites Hail mix'd with fire, must rend th’Egyptian Of sacrifice, informing them, by types sky,

And shadows, of that destin'd Seed to bruise And wheel ou th' earth, devouring where it The Serpent, by what means he shall achieve

Mankind's deliveraạce. But the voice of God What it devours not, herb, or fruit, or grain, To mortal ear is dreadful; they beseech A darksome clond of locusts swarıning down That Moses might report to them his will, Must eat, and on the ground leave nothing And terror cease; he grants what they be. greew;

sought Darkness must overshadow all his bounds, lostructed that to God is no access Palpable darkness, and blot out three days; Without mediator, whose high office now Last with oue midnight stroke all the tirst. Moses in tigure bears, to ivtroduce born

Oge greater, of whose day he shall fortel, Of Egypt must lie dead. Thus with ten wounds " And all the prophets in their age the times The river-dragon tam'd at length subunits Of great Messiah shall sing. Thus laws and To let his sojouruers depart, and oft

rites Humbles his stubborn heart, but still as ice Establish’d, such delight hatḥ God in men More harden'd after thaw, till in his rage Obedient to bis will, that he youchsafes Pursuing whom be late dismiss'd, the sea Among them to set up his tabernacle, Swallows bim with his host, but lets pass The holy One with mortal men to dwell : As on dry land between two crystal walls, By his prescript a sanctuary is fram'd Aw'd by the rod of Moses so to stand

Of cedar, overlaid with gold, therein Divided, till his rescued gain their shore: An aik, and in the ark his testimony, Sucb wondrous power God to his saiut will The records of his covenant, over these lend,

A mercy-seat of gold between the wings Though present in his angel, who shall go Of two bright Cherubim ; before him burn Before them in a cloud, and pillar of fire, Seven lamps as in a zodiac representing By day a cloud, by night a pillar of fire, The heavenly fires; over the tent a cloud To guide them in their journey, and remove Shall rest by day, a fiery gleam by night, Behind them, while th' obdurate king pursues: Sare when they journey, and at length they All night he will pursue, but his approach

come, Darkness defends between till morning watch; Conducted by his Angel to the land Then from the fiery pillar and the cloud Promis'd to Abraham and his seed : the rest God looking forth will trouble all his host, Were long to tell, how many battles fought, And craze their chariot wheels: when by com How many kings destroy'd, and kingdoms mand

won, Moses once more his potent rod extends Or how the sun shall in mid Heay'n sinen

No. VII.N S..

man

cern

A day eutire, and night's due course adjourn, Through the world's wilderness long wander'd Man's voice commanding, Sun in Gibeon stand,

Safe to eternal paradise of iest. And thou Moon in the vale of Aijalon, Mean while they in their earthly Canaap Till Israel overcome ; so call the third

plac'd From Abrabam, son of Isaac, and from him Long time shall dwell and prosper, but when His whole desceut, who thus shall Cavaan

sios win.

National interrupt their public peace, Here Adam interpos'd. O sent from Heav'n, | Provoking God to raise them enemies; Enlightoer of my darkness, gracious things From whom as oft he saves them peuitent Thou hast reveald, those chiefly which con. By judges first, then under kings; of whom

The second, both for piety renown'd Just Abraham and his seed: now first I find And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive Mine eyes true opening, and my heart much Irrevocable, that his regal throne eas'd,

For ever shall endure; the like shall sing Erewhile perplex'd with thoughts what would All prophecy, that of the royal stock become

Of David (so I name this king) shall rise Of me and all mankind; but now I see A son, the woman's seed to thee foretold, His day in whom all nations shall be blest, Foretold to Abraham, as in whom shall trust Favour unmerited by me, who sought

All nations, and to kings foretold, of kings Forbidden knowledge by forbidden means. The last, for of his reign shall be no end. This yet I apprehend not, why to those But first a long succession most ensue, Among whons God will deigu to dwell on earth. | Aud bis next son, for wealth and wisdom So many and so various laws are given;

famd, So many laws argue so many sins

The clouded ark of God, till then in tents Among them; how can God with such reside? Wand'ring, sball in a glorious temple inshiring To whom thus Michael. Doubt not but || Such follow him as shall be register'd that Siu

Part good, part bad, of bad the longer scroll, \Vill reign among them, as of thee begot; Whose foul idolatrics, and other faults And therefore was law given tbem to evince Heap'd to the popular sum, will su incense Their natural pravity, by stirring up

God, as to leave them, and expose their land, Sin against law to fight : that when they see Their city, his teinple, and his holy ark Law can discorer sin, but not remove,

With all its sacred thiogs, a scoro and a prey Save by those shadowy expiations weak, To that proud city, whose bigh walls thou 'The blood of bulls and goats, they may con.

saw'st clude

Left in confusion, Babylon thence callid. Some blood more precious must be paid for There in captivity he lets them dwell mad,

The space of scyenty years, then briogs them Just for unjust, that in such righteousness

back, To them by faith imputed, they may find Remembring mercy, and his covenant sworn Justification towards God, and peace

To David, stablishi'd as the days of Heaven, Of conscience, which the law by ceremonies Return'd from Babylon by leave of kings Cannot appease, nor man ihe mora! part Their lords, wbom God dispos'd, the house of Perform, and not performing cannot live,

God
So law appears imperfect, and but given They first re-edify, and for a while
With purpose to resign them in full time In mean estate live moderate, till grown
Up to a better covenant, disciplin'd

lv wealth and multitude, factious they grow; From shadowy types to truth, from flesh to

But first among the priests disseation springs, spirit,

Men who attend the altar, and should most From imposition of strict laws to free

Endeavour peace; their strife pollution brings Acceptance of large grace, from servile fear

Upon the temple itself : at last they seise To filial, works of law to works of faith. Tbe scepter, and regard not David's sons, And therefore shall not Moses, though of | Then lost it to a stranger, that the true God

Anointed king Messiah might be born Highly belor'd, being but the minister Barr'd of his rigbt; yet at his birth a star Orlaw, his people into Capaan lead;

Unseen before in Heaven proclaims him comes
But Joshua, whom the Gentiles Jesus call, And guides the easlern Sages, who inquire
His name and othce bearing, why shall quell His place, to offer iacense, myrrh, and gold;
The adversary serpent, and bring back

His
place

of birth a bolema augel tells

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