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ISAAC PITMAN, PHONETIC INSTITUTION.
During the few past years many biographies of Swedenborg have been offered to the public. Dr Tafel, of Tubingen, in 1839, collected into one volume the testimonies of Swedenborg's personal friends, his letters, and various documents relating to him which were scattered through many volumes. This “ Book of Documents” was translated into English, and edited by the Rev. J. H. Smithson, of Manchester, in 1841, and was again reprinted in America and re-edited by Professor Bush, of New York, in 1847. From this “Book of Documents,” all the biographies which have appeared, have been more or less indebted. Nathaniel Hobart, of New York, arranged these documents into a connected biographical form, interspersed with judicious remarks of his own, and published it as a “ Life of Swedenborg.” This “ Life” has passed through three editions, and well deserves the success it has attained. In 1849, Elihu Rich published, in London, “A Biographical Sketch of Emanuel Swedenborg.” The edition was exhausted in the course of a few months, and the work has not since been reprinted. In the same year, J. J. G. Wilkinson produced his “ Emanuel Swedenborg : a Biography," a work which, alike for its artistic excellence as a biography, and the originality and poetic beauty of its thought, has, I believe, no equal in the English language. The comparative silence of our literary critics, in reference to this work, proves that anyone who cares to appreciate what is best in the world, had better not be content to trust solely to their eyes. From the quotations I have made in the course of the following narrative, the reader will be able to appreciate a few of the good things contained in this Biography of Wilkinson's. In 1854, Edwin Paxton Hood published “Swedenborg: A Biography and an Exposition," a work which has been the means of introducing Swedenborg to a large circle hitherto almost
ignorant of his existence. In the same year, Woodbury M. Fernald published, in Boston, Mass., "A Compendium of the Theological and Spiritual Writings of Swedenborg,” to which an excellent life of the Author was prefixed, compiled in great part from previous biographies. In other forms, many sketches of the life of Swedenborg have been published. The Rev. O. P. Hiller gives an excellent little biography in his volume of “Gems from Swedenborg.' Emerson tells the story of his life, in his own way, in “Representative Men;" and a Lecture of George Dawson’s, on Swedenborg, as a tract, is now circulating by thousands throughout the land. All these things evidence a growing interest in the greatest teacher of modern times.
This little book does not enter into competition with anything that has yet been written. It pretends to nothing but simplicity, and would be ranked as a hand-book, a guide, a directory. If it should lead any to form an acquaintance with the writings of "the most unknown man in the world,” as Fernald Swedenborg, and I may add, the most abused man in the world, my end will be gained. I believe the day is not far distant when it will be the greatest reproach of these times that the works of Swedenborg lay in our midst, and only a few men cared for them. Happily this number is steadily increasing, and, by and by, we may see a general acknowledgment of the simple, yet great, fact, that Swedenborg was, without exception, the most gifted and extraordinary man that has ever lived.
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