The Rise of the Blogosphere

封面
Bloomsbury Publishing USA, 2007年3月30日 - 232 頁
In 1985 The WELL, a dial-up discussion board, began with the phrase: You own your own words. Though almost everything else about online discussion has changed in the two decades since, those words still describe its central premise, and this basic idea underlies both the power and the popularity of blogging today. Appropriately enough, it also describes American journalism as it existed a century and a half before The WELL was organized, before the concept of popular involvement in the press was nearly swept away on the rising tide of commercial and professional journalism. In this book, which is the first to provide readers with a cultural/historical account of the blog, as well as the first to analyze the different aspects of this growing phenomenon in terms of its past, Aaron Barlow provides lay readers with a thorough history and analysis of a truly democratic technology that is becoming more important to our lives every day.

The current popularity of political blogs can be traced back to currents in American culture apparent even at the time of the Revolution. At that time there was no distinct commercial and professional press; the newspapers, then, provided a much more direct outlet for the voices of the people. In the nineteenth century, as the press became more commercial, it moved away from its direct involvement with politics, taking on an observer stance—removing itself from the people, as well as from politics. In the twentieth century, the press became increasingly professional, removing itself once more from the general populace. Americans, however, still longed to voice their opinions with the freedom that the press had once provided. Today, blogs are providing the means for doing just that.
 

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內容

Chapter 1 The Conception of a Popular American Press
1
Chapter 2 The Rise of Advocacy Journalism
17
Chapter 3 Debate in the Early American Press
27
Chapter 4 The Victory for Rights of the Press
39
Chapter 5 The Heyday of the Partisan Press
53
Chapter 6 The Rise of Professional Journalism
67
Chapter 7 The Creation of Press Empires
77
Chapter 8 Domination of the Press by Electronic Media
91
Chapter 12 The Growth of the Discussion Board and the Birth of the Blogs
143
Chapter 13 911 and the Rise of the Blogosphere
153
Chapter 14 Research Rathergate and the Power of the Blogs
165
Chapter 15 Political Reclamation and Citizen Journalism
175
CONCLUSION
183
NOTES
185
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY
193
INDEX
197

Chapter 9 Alternative Journalism
103
Chapter 10 The Failure of the American News Media
113
Chapter 11 The Movement toward Public Journalism
131
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
201
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關於作者 (2007)

Aaron Barlow is Assistant Professor of English at New York City College of Technology of the City University of New York. He has been involved with blogs since he subscribed to the WELL in the early 1990s. He continues writing and participating in Web discussions as part of the coordinating group for ePluribus Media, an Internet-based citizen journalist group that has grown out of blogs. Praeger published his earlier book, The DVD Revolution: Movies, Culture, and Technology, in 2005.

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