Thomas Jefferson und das Problem der Sklaverei

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GRIN Verlag, 2007 - 48 頁
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Amerika, Note: 1,3, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen (Seminar für Zeitgeschichte), Veranstaltung: PS Die amerikanische Revolution: Politisches Denken in den Vereinigten Staaten zwischen 1760 und 1800, 16 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Thomas Jefferson schrieb im Juni 1776 in die Präambel des Dokuments, welches am 4. Juli 1776 vom zweiten Kontinentalkongreß als amerikanische Unabhängigkeitserklärung verabschiedet werden sollte, die Worte "[w]e hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness." Im Gegensatz zu heute bezog sich der Begriff 'all men' im Jahr 1776 nicht auf alle Menschen: 'All' beinhaltete ausschließlich Personen europäischer Abstammung und schloss Personen afrikanischer Herkunft, sowie Indianer aus. 'Men' bezog sich auf Männer und nicht auf Menschen im Allgemeinen; Frauen sollten in den Vereinigten Staaten erst mehr als einhundert Jahre später völlige Gleichberechtigung und Gleichstellung vor dem Gesetz erfahren. Thomas Jeffersons Haltung zur Sklaverei und der (scheinbare) Widerspruch zwischen seinen Worten und Taten im Bezug auf die Sklavereiproblematik wurden in der Geschichtswissenschaft eingehend beleuchtet. Der amerikanische Historiker Stephen E. Ambrose ist sogar der Auffassung, dass "[o]f all contradictions in Jefferson's contradictory life, none is greater." Die folgende Arbeit hat das Ziel zu untersuchen, wo und inwieweit Divergenzen zwischen Jeffersons Denken und Handeln hinsichtlich der Sklaverei bestehen. Nachdem zunächst Jeffersons Herkunft betrachtet wird, um dort mögliche Ursachen für seinen späteren Umgang mit Sklaven und seinen politischen Diskurs über dieses Sujet zu ergründen, sollen danach Essays und Briefe Thomas Jeffersons analysiert werden, in denen er Bezug auf die Problematik de
 

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Einleitung
2
Jeffersons Handlungen
10
Literatur und Quellenverzeichnis
18
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第 7 頁 - The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions, the most unremitting despotism on the one part, and degrading submissions on the other.
第 11 頁 - This piratical warfare, the opprobrium of INFIDEL powers, is the warfare of the CHRISTIAN king of Great Britain. Determined to keep open a market where MEN should be bought and sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or to restrain this execrable commerce.
第 11 頁 - ... he has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating it's most sacred rights of life & liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating & carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere, or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither, this piratical warfare, the opprobrium of infidel powers, is the warfare of the CHRISTIAN king of Great Britain.
第 11 頁 - Determined to keep open a market, where men should be bought and sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or to restrain this execrable commerce. And that this assemblage of horrors might want no fact of distinguished die, he is now exciting those very people to rise in arms among us, and to purchase that liberty of which he has deprived them, by murdering the people on whom he also obtruded them : thus paying off former crimes committed against...
第 11 頁 - ... and that this assemblage of horrors might want no fact of distinguished die, he is now exciting those very people to rise in arms among us, and to purchase that liberty of which he has deprived them, by murdering the people upon whom he also obtruded them; thus paying off former crimes committed against the liberties of one people, with crimes which he urges them to commit against the lives of another.
第 6 頁 - Nothing is more certainly written in the book of fate, than that these people are to be free ; nor is it less certain that the two races, equally free, cannot live in the same government.
第 5 頁 - I thank on my knees, him who directed my early education, for having put into my possession this rich source of delight; and I would not exchange it for anything which I could then have acquired, and have not since acquired.
第 2 頁 - We hold these truths to be seif -evident, that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
第 11 頁 - ... horrors might want no fact of distinguished die, he is now exciting those very people to rise in arms among us, and to purchase that liberty of which he has deprived them, by murdering the people on whom he also obtruded them: thus paying off former crimes committed against the LIBERTIES of one...
第 2 頁 - Key Concepts in American Cultural History. From the Colonial Period to the End of the 19th Century, Trier 2005, S.

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