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pencil was always employed for the noblest pur-picture I have seen by him, but it has a defect frequent poses, his efforts were inadequately understood in large compositions made up of a number of portraits. and appreciated. It has been unreservedly stated. There are too many figures 10 let. Too many unocon his own authority, that the remuneration of cupied, and merely introduced to show the faces. His his labours from the patronage of the public, dur- picture of Brooke Watson and the Shark, is in the large ing forty years, was so inadequate to his very dry and bad in colour. He painted, 1" belicve, a great

hall of the Blue Coat School. It is a good picture, but moderate wants as to leave him dependent on the income allowed him as historical painter to George exccpting the group of the King's Children I described

many portraits, but I have seen none of any consequence the Third ; and when this resource was unex- to you in my last. It is a beautiful picture. I have pectedly withdrawn from bim, very laie in life, heard Allston say, he has seen very fine portraits, paint. and when his royal patron must have been uncon-ed by Copley, before he left America. I would advise scious of such a proceeding, he had to struggle you to write to Allston about it.' In another of Mr. with pecuniary embarrassment.

Leslie's valuable letters we have the following :- I know The next artist commemorated in these volumes not if Allan Cunningham, in his life of Copley, has told is John Singleton Copley, who was born in Bos- the following story of his tediousness as a painter. It is ton, in 1733, and at an early age showed a genius said, a gentlemen employed him to paint his family in for painting. In 1774 he went to Italy, and two man's wife died, and he married again. Copley was

one large picture, but during its progress, the gentle. years after to England, where he devoted himself to portraiture and became a member of the Royal wife, and place her in the clouds in the character of an

now obliged lo obliterale all that was painted of the first Academy. The historical pieces, “The Death angel, while her successor occupied her place on earth. of Chatham,” and “ Charles the First in the But lo! she died also, and the picture proceeded so slowly House of Commons," have obtained considerable as to allow the husband time enough to console himself celebrity. The following remarks on Copley with a third wife. When the picture was completed; are from the letters of C. R. Leslie to Mr. Dun- therefore, the gentleman had two wives in heaven, and lap:

one on earth, with a sufficient quantity of children. The

price, which was proportioned to the labour bestowed on “Of Copley I can tell you very little. I saw him the picture, was disputed by the employer, who alleged once in Mr. West's gallery, but he died very soon after that the picture ought to have been completed before his my arrival in London. Mr. West told me he was the domestic changes had rendered the alterations and ad. most tedious of all painters. When painting a portrait, ditions necessary. Copiey went to law with him; and he used to match with his palette-knife a tint for every his son, (now Lord Lyndhurst), who was just admitied to part of the face, whether in light, shadow, or reflection. the bar, gained his father's cause. The story was told me This occupied himself and the sitter a long time before by a gentleman, who was old enough to remember Cophe touched the canvass. One of the most beautiful of ley, but he did not give me his authority for it, and I his portrait compositions is at Windsor Castle, and re. fear it is too good to be true. I remembered one or two presents a group of the royal children playing in the of Copley's last pictures in the exhibition, but they were garden with dogs and parrots. It was painted at Wind- very poor; he had out-lived his powers as an artist.'” sor, and during the operation, the children, the dogs, and the parrots becaine equally wearied. The persons who

Gilbert Stuart was a portrait painter of a were obliged to attend them while sitting complained to the queen; the queen complained to the king; and the superior order, and excelled in that rare talent king complained to Mr. West, who had obtained the which is among the best props of genius-the commission for Copley. Mr. West satisfied his majesty power of drawing the mind of the sitter, which that Copley must be allowed to proceed in his own way, is illustrated by the following anecdote. Lord and that any attempt to harry him might be injurious Mulgrave having engaged Mr. Stuart to paint a to the picture, which would be a very fine one when portrait of his brother, General Phipps, then on done.'

The point of sailing to India, the picture drew “ The prediction of West was fully accomplished ; and from his lordship this exclamatioti-“I see inthis gracetul, splendid, and beautiful composition was sanity in that face!" The first news of the seen by the writer at Somerset House, in the year 1786, general after his arrival in India was, that he or 7, and is remembered with pleasure to this day.

had gone mad and cut his throat! This painter's “ On the subject of Copley, we must give our readers talent in conversation is said to have been extrasome further valuable and entertaining matter from the pen of Mr. Leslie. He says: · As you ask my opinion ordinary, as well as his judgment, sensibility and of Copley, you shall have it, such as it is. His merits impetuosity. and defects resemble those of West. I know not that he

We do not wonder, that it is recorded of him, was ever a regular pupil of the president, but he was

he could very soon make those that sat to him certainly of his school. Correct in drawing, with a fine feel at their ease, and fall into their peculiar apmanner of composition, and a true eye for light and pearance and character, when alone a faithful shadow, he was defective in colouring. With him it likeness can be taken. "It is not every one that wants brilliancy and transparency. His Death of Major can thus remove that sort of awkwardness which Pierson I think his finest historical work-you have per. most sitters experience, when stiffened into attihaps seen it-at any rate you know the fine engraving of tudes before the scrutinising eye of a painter. it, by James Heaih. Copley's largest picture is in Stuart spent many years of his life in the British Guildhall; the destruction of the floating batteries off Gibraltar, by General Elliot. The foreground figures maxims often entangled him in pecuniary diffi

metropolis, where his neglect of prudential are as large as life, but those in the middle distance are either too small, or deficient in aerial perspective. In.

culties. stead of looking like men diminished by distance, they

Mr. Dunlap gives an interesting sketch of milook less than life. With the exception of this defect the niature painting, which appears to have many picture is a fine one. His death of Lord Chatham is cultivators in America. There is a useful chapnow in the National Gallery. It is the best coloured | ter also on architecture. The second volume

treats of artists that may be said to be more ency to the return of Heracleids and probability to the American than West, Copley, or Stuart, inas- legislation of Lycurgus. In this arduous undertaking, much as these three came to be established as Mr. Thirlwall has not only had recourse to the original citizens of London. Some of those we now re- classical authors, but also displays a familiar acquaint

ance with the learned speculations of the laborious Gerfer to, have lent a great lustre to their country, and some of them continue to increase its stores inans; so that if bis book fails to discover the truths of in works of art. Mr. Allston is living among most skilful critics maintain they are.

historical antiquity, it collects into one focus what the them, and through his enlightened intercourse

Besides the subjects enumerated, the volume also conwith the most illustrious men of Europe, he has tains a picture of the physical aspect of Greece-mas. mastered the profoundest principles with the mi- terly, though minute; a very interesting view of the nutest details of his art. And this leads us to political and social condition of the Greeks during the observe, that America will doubtless continue to heroic age; and an able account of their national insti. rise in the number and excellence of her artists. tutions and forms of government, down to a much later The galleries of Europe are annually thronged period. In these, as indeed in all the other parts, the with pilgrims from the new world. There are ideas of the writer are presented with clearness, and with acadeinies that have done something and promise that case which arises from a thorough grasp of his subto do more in that new world. There are annual ject. The treatment is also as animated as the nature of exhibitions in all the principal cities of the union. This task will admit; and in his few passages of pure his.

torical narration, he displays so much of life and vigoor, From time to time, great works find their way that we anticipate a series of brilliant pictures in his from Europe to the transatlantic shores; and who ensuing volumes, when the action will be greater, the dare say, that the free institutions of America discussions less, and the truth of facts more clearly estamay not do as much in fostering the most beauti-blished. ful sentiments and in sustaining a noble emulation, as ever the venerable scenes or subjects in

History of the Assassins. the old world did ? Horatio Greenough is at present in Florence,

Dr. Wood is entitled to the thanks of the historical having given himself wholly to sculpture, and student for his translation of Von Hammer's History of already executed works that are highly spoken of the Assassins; although the learned Orientalist hus treat. His enthusiasm for the art, and his love of native ed his subject with too much minuteness, if not at too country, are described as of the most lofty order. implicit a reliance on authorities, to gain access to which

great a length; and naturally enough placed perhaps too And though he is gathering from the treasures had cost him excceding labour and trouble. The account of of ancient and modern art in the country of this secret society is rather an historical episode than a beauty and song, who can deny that in his own history of itself; for too little seems to be known reland there are subjects of unexampled dignity specting it to enable us distinctly to perceive the ulterior and splendour for the efforts of genius, when we object of its founder (if it had one), or fully to narrate hear that he is engaged on the statue of Washing- the adventures and disguises--and they must have been ton, for which he has lately received a commis- strange ones—by means of which any of the Hashishin sion from the government of the United States. (herb-eaters) achieved their tasks. Hammer tells us, It may be said, that this is the sublimest subject however, though rather drily, all that is known upon the of mere human history, and although Chanirey subject. He traces the remote origin of the Assassins and Canova have, it is thought, tried their hands to a Mahometan sect or heresy, which, originating in a upon it with no eminent success, the enthusiasm Its followers were called Ismailites ; and they passed

political dissent, subsequently became a secret society. of an American heart may bring all the necessary through nine degrees, each successive one tending to powers to the completion of the undertaking.

shake or bewilder faith ; till in the eighth degree the "pupil was perfectly enlightened as to the superfluity of all prophets and apostles, the non-existence of heaven and

hell, the indifference of all human actions, for which Critical Notices.

there is neither reward in this world nor the next; and thus he was matured for the niuth and last degree, to

become the blind instrument of all the passions of un. Thirlwall's History of Greece.

bridled thirst of power. To believe nothing and to dare all

, was, in two words, the sum of this system.” The This new addition to the historical series of Dr. Lard learned German proceeds to the early life of the first ner's Cyclopedia promises to furnish a very learned, grand master of the Assassins, Hassan Sabah, who was elaborate, and ingenious view of ancient Grecce; though a member of this respectable society until he set up an as yet the work is rather disquisitional than historical. establishment of his own. The mode in which he acMr. Thirlwall does not altogether give the results of his complished this, the rules and regulations which he laid researches in a narrative or a statement, but carries the down for the government of the profane and the initiated, reader in a measure over the ground he himself has tra- the number of princes and ministers he caused to be asveled before he has arrived at his own conclusions. sassinated, the execution of his two sons by his own Hence there is at times something of heaviness in his orders, and finally, his will and death, are next treated at ex positions ; especially as they relate to matters upon length. And then follow the history of the succeeding which neither learning nor acuteness, however great, can grand masters and their grand murders, their various arrive at certainty. The latest period to which the volume treaties and wars with Mahomedan powers, their comcomes down is that of the Messenian Wars; but by far munications with the Crusaders, and the alleged league the larger portion of the book is occupied by speculations or understanding with the Templars, till the virtual over. as to the early inhabitants and foreign settlers of Greece; throw of their power by the Monguls, in the year 1257, by enquiries into the origin of the Hellenic pcople, and upwards of one hundred and thirty years after the death the persons and exploits of the heroic ages; together of Hassan. with learned and ingenious endeavours to give consist.

we

were

Miss Roberts' Sea-side Companion.

nine. Of his life we know but little, save that he was a The contents of this tasteful little book have baulked Fernando," when he wus only twenty years old; his

native of Sicily, and composed his first opera, “ Bianca e our expectations. We cxpected, from the title, a volume other works, " Il Pirata," " La Straniera," “Norma," of directions as to the best means of passing time on the

" Montecchi e Capuleti," “ La Somnambula,” “ Zaira," sea-beach ; one that should instruct the lounging idler of

“ Beatrice Tenda,” and “ I Puritani,” were produced in a watering-place as to the wonderful works that he might discover on the sands and cliffs, in the pools left rapid succession. We are not going to enter into a critiby the retiring tides, and in the sea itself; not only recorded our opinion of his merits and deficiencies as a

cal examination of any of these works, having recertly furnishing him with amusement whilst he read, but composer ; there was too much promise in him for us with the means of amusing himself,

not to regret him, and the more so, as we never gave up going to say, for ever. But we have found that the the hope that to his natural gists he might yet add the Companion is more extensive in its nature, and gives us the results of observation, instead of teaching us how lengthen the line of Italian maestri, which already boasts

resources gained by study and experience, and worthily to observe. Without attempting originality, Miss Roberts, of so many brilliant names. in the course of seventeen or eighteen letters, has pre

We have been led by Bellini's death to dwell for awhile sented an elegant compilation of the most striking fea. really animated descriptions with appropriate scraps from at this time be wholly out of season. tures of Murine Natural History; intersprinkling her upon the present condition and future prospects of the

lyric drama, and a few words upon the subject may not

It seems admitted the poets, and frequently, from the wonders unfolded, by every one that Italy has the singers—but if we ask taking occasion to enforce the truths of theology. Her where are its composers, echo answers “Where ?" Rossifirst letter gives an account of animated plants; her ni, still in the prime of life, chooses most provokingly to second of sponges; the three following treat of the works sit still and enjoy himself in bis abundance, with store of and wonders of the coral race : and ihe remainder des melody still unpoured out; and, as for the herd of his cribe the structure and mechanical organisation of fishes, imitators, we cannot believe that either the names or the and pleasantly tell of the most curious habits and migra- works of Pacini, Mercadante, Donnizetti, Vaccai, &c. tions of the finny tribes.

will survive the hour. In Germany, matters are not inore Noble Deeds of Woman.*

prosperous; for we are told that the dearth of good sin

gers is all but universal : while the composers are relying The authoress has herself achieved a noble deed in too exclusively upon head-work for producing an effect, recording these noble deeds of the fair. With a graceful forgetting that learning may be pushed to pedantry ; as chivalry she has stood forward as the champion of her well as fancy, for want of tutorage, be permitted to de. sex, and proved their high capabilities by their lofty generate into imbecility. Even Spohr's best operas are acts. It is most rightly dedicated to the ladies of Great trainant and overladen, and reason owns that his music is Britain and Ireland. These noble deeds are arranged excellent, far oftener than the feelings bear witness to its under the heads of maternal, filial, sisterly, and conjugal power. This should never be the case in opera, in which affection, humanity, benevolence, integrity, fortitude, the use of science is to direct the impulses of imaginacourage, and presence of mind, hospitality, self-control, tion: to concentrate and tame its wandering caprices, so gratitude, loyalty, eloquence, patriotism, and lastly, con as to make them tell, but not to supersede them by an un. tributions to science. The author might have added inspired automaton work of chords and harmonic every other virtue that is practicable to human nature. changes. Marschner (who would fain out. Weber Weber) We predict for this work an unexampled patronage. is many degrees poorer in dramatic estro than Spohr, and That every lady should possess a copy is but natural ; just as much more wearisome and unnatural in his that every gentleman should do so is but loyal. We do compositions. After these, we know not whom else 10 not say that all the noble or even the best deeds of mention; our present hope, as far as Germany is conwomen are recorded here: to do the first, were the whole cerned, rests upon Mendelsohn, but he has yet to be tried. earth covered with parchment, and every son of humanity It may seem strange to such as are rivetted to old times upon it with a pen in his hand for the space of his natu. and prejudices, and have not advanced their tastes from ral life employed in the ennobling office, it would not the days when Horace Walpole described a Parisian half complete the task ; for, from the humble peasant's prima donna with her ear-piercing screams, and her wife, that hovers soothingly round the straw mattress of widow's head-tire—to be perfectly comme il faut-a her sick partner, to the ermined queen that mourns near wreath of black flowers !-- but our own conviction has the tapestried couch of the royal patient, are not all the been for some time past, that the real throne of opera is sex instigators to, or performers of, a succession of noble at present in France: that for freshness, and brilliancy, deeds? And the noblest—who can know them but those and dramatic effect, its composers far exceed the languid immediately benefited by them? Has not every private dolcezza of the Italians, or the carefully-wrought heavifamily in the kingdom a record of something great and ness of the living Germans. We are told, moreover, self-sacrificing that none but a woman could perform that the old reproach of uno urlo Francese has become Yet the “noble deeds” chronicled in this volume make a obsolete and inapplicable to their singers. One day or noble book. We dismiss it to the honourable and eager other we will report upon these things; but, in the meanreception that it will every where meet with.

time, why, in the name of common sense, should they not be brought to us ?. Why should we not have the

best works of Bojeldien, Auber, Herold, &c. : and of the Notabilía.

older school of Parisian composers (counting Cherubini

and Spontini among their number) performed alternately Bellini.—We were truly sorry to receive accounts of with the dilutions of Rossini, with which, seasou after the death of this most successful of recent Italian com- season, the ears of the frequenters of the King's Theatre posers; nor can we forget the loss which music has are wearied? We are in the condition of people who sustained, in admiring the programme of the stately remain constant to one single insipid dish, because they ceremony with which the brethren of his art are prepara will not trouble themselves to reach untried dainties close ing to do honour to the remains of a sweet melodist, in their neighbourhood. snatched from among them at the unripe age of twenty First English Edition of the Bible.-On the last page

of the first edition of the English Bible is the following * Now publishing in Waldie's Library.

imprint :

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Prynted in the yeare of our Lord MDXXXV. and crybe it to thyne owne ignorance, not to the Scripture ; fynished the fourth day of October.

thinke ye thou understondest it not, or it is bapplye over,

sene of ye interpreters, or wrong prynted. Agayne : it This Bible was Miles Coverdale's version, which was shall greately helpe ye to understond Scripture, if thou dedicated to Henry VIII. and allowed by royal authority. mark not oncly what is spoken or wryllen, but of whom, Coverdale mentions that the king gave this translation to and unto whom, with what wordes, at what time, where, some of the bishops for their perusal, who alleged that to what intent, with what circumstance, consyderynge there were faults therein, but admitted that no heresies what goeth before, and what followeth after.". The fol. were maintained : “ If there be no heresies,” said the lowing was a prophecy :-"God shall not only send it king, “ let it go abroad among the people."

thee in a better shappe by the mynistracyon of other li is not generally known, perhaps, that there is a copy that beganne it afore, but shall also move the hertes of of Miles Coverdale's Bible in the British Museum. It is them which as yet medled not withal to take it in hande, a small folio, printed in the black letter. Each book is and to bestowe ihe gifte of their understandynge there. divided into chapters, but there is no subdivision into on.” verses. After the books of the Old and New Testaments, Proof of Frenci Silk.—The French have adopted a those of the Apocrypha are inserted with this introduc. systein of sccurity against fraud in the sale of silk, by tion : “ The bokes and treatises which amonge the fu submitting it to examination and experiment in an esta; thers of olde are not retened to be of like authoritie with blishment called the condition. Silk exposed to a humid other bokes of the Byble, nether are they fonde in the atmosphere, and yet more to wet, will imbibe a consideracanon of the Hebrew."

ble quantity of humidity without undergoing any perThe volume contains many curious engravings. The ceptible change in external appearance. This establishfrontispiece is very elaborate. The upper part represents ment, of which there is one at Lyons and another at St. Adam and Eve alter eating the forbidden fruit : opposite Etienne, receives about three-fourths of the whole con. this, Christ is treading on the serpent's head. Under sumption of silk. It is submitted during twenty-four this, is Mount Sinai, with Moses receiving the two tables hours to a temperature of from 18 to 20 degrees of Reauof the law, surrounded with fames, among which are mur (72} to 77 of Fahrenheit), and if the diminished several trumpets.

weighi be from 21 to 3 per cent., the application of the Opposite this, Christ is commissioning the apostles to high temperature is continued during another twenty-four preach the gospel, each one of whom is walking away hours. On a certificate granted by the condition as to with an immense key on his shoulder. Lower again is its true weight, the invoice is made out. The means of the high priest reading the book of the law; and opposite correctly ascertaining the real humidity of silk are now is Peter preaching on the day of Pentecost. At the bot. the subject of investigation at Lyons, and it is believed tom is exhibited the king, surrounded by his prelates and that the purity of the material will

, ere long, be as aceu. nobles, to the former of whom his majesty is presenting rately tested as is that of metals by an assay. The quathe sacred volume. This no doubt was intended as a lity of silk is estiinated by deniers, which represent the compliment to Henry VIII. to whom the translation is weight of 400 ells wound off on a cylinder ; the number, dedicated. These vignettes are comprised in a kind of of course, increases with the fineness. The Alais silk is frame-work upon the margin, the title appearing in the sometimes reeled off from three to four cocoons, and

weighs only from eight to ten deniers; sometimes from There is a proluge to the Christen rcader," in seven to eight cocoons, which will give eighteen to which Coverdale confesses his “ insufficiency to perform twenty deniers. Of French organzines, the quality varies ye oflice of translatoure," but he was impelled to put the principally from twenty to thirty-six deniers, and of Bible into English, having a consydered how great pytie French trams from twenty-six to sixty deniers.-Dr. it was that we shulde want it so longe;" and he says, Bowring's Report. “ It greved me yt other nacyons shulde be more plente. SUBSTITUTE FOR STEAM. The following plan has been ously provyded for with ye Scripture in theyre mother addressed by Mr. John Galt to the editor of the Greenock tongue than we. Therefore he thought it his dewtye to Adrertiser :- Take a cylinder and subjoin to the bottom do his best, and that with a good will." In many parts of it, in communication, a pipe ; fill the pipe and the it is of course inferior to the subsequent translations; cylinder with water; in the cylinder place a piston as in but the fact that it was “ faithfully and truly translated that of the steam engine, and then with a Bramah's out of the Douche and Latin into Englishe," coupled press, and a simple obvious contrivance which the with the condition of our language at that day, render process will suggest, force the water up the pipe, the it a work worthy of all admiration. Some passages have pressure of which will raise the piston. "This is the de. more simplicity and clearness than even in the transla- monstration of the first motion. Second. When the tion in common use. For instance,“ Oh that my wordes piston is raised, open a cock to discharge the water, and were written; oh that they were put in a boke: wolde the piston will descend. This is the demonstration of God they were graven wt an yron pene in leade or in the second motion, and is as complete as the motion of stone." Job, 19. Again :—"But sure we are that all the piston in the cylinder of the steam engine, and a thinges serve for the best unto them that love God.” power is attained as effectual as steam, without risk of Rom. 8. Other passages display at once the antiquity explosion, without the cost of fuel, capable of being apand the change of meaning whi terms have under- plied to any purpose in which steam is used, and to an gone in the course of three hundred years ; as in the immeasurable extent. The preservation of the water same chapter of Romans, " They that are fleshly are may, in some cases, be useful, and this may be done by fleshly indeed; but they that are goostly are goostly a simple contrivance, viz: by making the cock discharge minded." And in Psalm 91:-“So yt ihou shalt not into a conductor, by which the water may be conveyed nede to be afrayed for any bugges by night, nor for the back at every stroke of the piston into the pipe, at the arowe that Ayeth by daye.” The term “ bugges” was end of which the Bramah's press acts. used in Coverdale's time to signify any thing dangerous IMPROVEMENTS IN THE STEAM-ENGINE.—Mr. Price, of or terrific, and not that domestic annoyance, which was the Duriam glass works, has published a plate of a steam not then known in London, the cimer lectularius. safety-valve and chest, which has been in constant use

In his " prologe,” the author gives this advice to his for upwards of seven years, without accident. The fol. readers :—"I exhorte the ys thou finde ought thercin yt lowing is a brief description of his upparatus, which, if thou understandest not, or that appeareth to be repugnant, we mistake not, we had the pleasure of noticing when it give no temerarious or hastye iudgment thereof; but as. was first used : Instead of the common valve, there is

centre.

66

placed on the top of the steam.chest a cup, with an aper ICHTHYOLOGY.—It is with pleasure we announce the ture for the steam to escape. In this cup a loose brass publication of the tenth volume of the great work on ball (weighted to the pressure the boiler can bear) is fishes, begun by the illustrious Cuvier, conjointly with placed. When the steam rises above that pressure, the his pupil, M. Valenciennes, and now continued by that ball also rises, and allows the steam to escape through professor. The delay occasioned in the appearance of the waste. There is an elbow pipe connected with the this volume, has arisen from a difficulty in making ar. steam chest below the ball seat, which also enters the rangements with the publisher, after the death of Baron waste pipe. In this is a handled valve, by which the en. Cuvier. M. Valenciennes has even made a partial sacri. gincer can blow off his steain, or regulate it. Let it be fice of his interests, in order to facilitate the publication. perfectly understood the ball cannot be weighed by the Byron.--A charming engraving, by Ryall, from engineer : so soon as the steam rises above the safety. Holmes's miniature of Lord Byron, has just been pub. pressure, it escapes, and when sufficiently blown off, the lished. It is just the sort of reseinblance we want, adding ball returns to its seat.

the ideal of the poet to the likeness of the man. It gives COAL MINES IN FRANCE.—According to accounts in the what he was in his best days, when the thick hair clusFrench journals, there are coal mines in 32, out of the tered over the pale and beautiful brow, and he looked as 86 depariments of France, but hitherto the principal pro- picturesque as the most ardent of his admirers could have duce has been obtained from the departments of the desired. It was his favourite picture, not only, we he. Loire, the Nord, the Saône and Loire, and Aveyron. lieve, from that touch of personal vanity which he had, These departments furnish about four.fifths of the whole as well as every one else, but because it recalled his production of the kingdom. In the second rank are the youth. What hopes, what illusions, what memories must departments of the Gard, the Calvados, the Haute Saône, have been connected with it! Truly does the old Arathe Haute Loire, the Bas Rhin, the Tarn, and the Loire bian proverb say, “ The remembrance of youth is a Inférieure. In these departments the number of mines sigh." is 209, of which 140 were worked in 1833, and 69 were M. JACQUEMONT's New WORK.-The French Minister not worked. The quantity of coal which the mines pro- for Public Instruction has presented the Asiatic Society, duced in 1833, was 15,741,430 metrical quintals, (a quin- and the East India Company, with the late M. Victor tal is 100 pounds French,) of the value of 15,009,741 Jacquemont's posthumous work, as a public acknowledgfrancs on the spot. The mines employ 14,125 workmen, ment of the services each body rendered to this traveller. and 190 steam engines, which are equal to the force of M. Guizot has also presented a copy to Lord William 4195 horses. In 1789, the produce of the mines was Bentinck, to Sir Alexander Johnstone, and to General 2,890,000 metrical quintals. In 1812, it had increased Allard, commander of the army of the king of Lahore. to 6,643,000. It has been calculated, that the consump M. DE CANDOLLE.—The celebrated botanist, M. de Can. tion of coal in France is ten times less than that of Eng. dolle, according to report, has resigned his place of proJand. In 1833, 699,524,710 kilogrammes (a kilogramme fessor at Geneva, in order to consecrate his whole time to is 2 pounds French,] of foreign coal were imported into the laborious work which he has undertaken, on the France, the value of which was 10,492,871 francs, and subject of the science to which he has devoted himself. the Customs' duty 2,389,501 francs.

CHOLERA.—A fear of the ravages of the cholera appears The SUBMARINE Vessel.--The experiment with this to pervade all parts of Italy. - Fugitives, many of them machine took place at St. Ouen, as proposed. The vessel English, already crowd the countries on the Rhine and was repeatedly sunk to the depth of ten or twelve feet, Maine. The most prompt and energetic measures have and reappeared on the surface at different points. M. been devised to check the progress of the frightful Godde de Liancourt got into it, and remained there a malady. quarter of an hour. He stated that he did not experience United States.-Various disturbances of an alarming the least inconvenience, or any difficulty of respiration, nature have broken out in the United States. In Balti. during his voyage ander water. An official report upon more, the populace, excited by the failure of the National the subject is about to be submitted to the French Go. Bank, [!!!!] and thinking that the directors ought to vernment.

"re.fund," proceeded to the most violent outrages upon TO DESTROY CATERPILLARS IN TURNIP-FIELDS.-A novel their houses and property. The damage is estimated at method has been successfully practi ed by some of the upwards of $ 100,000. In Washington, mach disorder Cornish farmers. After strewing corn all over their has prevailed, occasioned by the agitation there of slave fields they have turned in barn.door fowls, chickens, and emancipation. Something like harmony has, by the last ducks, which have nearly cleared the turnips of the accounts, been restored in both districts.--Court Journal. noxious insects.

THEATRICAL CHIT-CAAT.—His majesty has given fifty ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY.- At a meeting of this society for guineas towards the repairs of the Shakspeare monument scientific business, held on Tuesday evening, Thomas at Stratford-upon-Avon. Bell, Esq. F. R. S. in the chair, a marmazet was present. Mr. C. Kemble is performing some of his favourite ed froin Mr. Moore, from Rio Janeiro, the first that has characters at Tonbridge Wells. ever been seen alive in this country. This, the most di. Charles Kean's benefit at the Brighton thcatre, on minutive species of the monkey tribe, is about the size of Monday evening, was a benefit in the true sense of the a small rat, and even when full grown can be put into a word—the house was crowded in every part. John half.pint tumbler. The greatest singularity is its large Reeve is playing at Brighton for a night or iwo previous bushy tail, in which it completely envelopes itself when to his departure for Amèrica. it retires to repose, to screen itself from the cold. The Mr. Pocock, the dramatist, died suddenly a week or countenance of this species that of an old man; and the two since, at his house in Berkshire. one presented to the Zoological society is said to bear an As an instance of the profitable character of the new exact resemblance to that of a celebrated French diplo dramatic bill to dramatic authors, it may be mentioned matist.

that Mr. Jerrold has received, from various managers, Audubon.--Audubon, the ornithologist, intends to re- about fifty pounds, since January last, for the performturn to this country in the spring. He writes from ance of Black-eyed Susan alone. Edinburgh, under date of September 21st : “ To guard Miss Clifford, a young lady of great promisc, daugh. against accidents to myself in my future travels, I shall ter of Mrs. Clifford of the Haymarket theatre, is cogaged also prepare the matter for this volume, so that in case by Mathews for the Adelphi. Our old favourite, Wilkof death, my sons and my wife will be enabled to finish inson, is also engaged,—and Mr. Webster from the Haythe publication."

market theatre.

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