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PASSAGE OF THE BALKAN.
to be the Countess N-, on her way from Pesth lo fication of indolence. His oar was as short as himself; Peter Wardein. She had married, at the age of eighteen, and when he did permit it to come in contact with the a hot-headed nobleman of her own country, who became water, his whole object seemed to be to move it against attacbed to her suddenly on account of her beauty. He the least possible quantum of resistance. When he sated took her to Pesth, entered into all the amusements of the his appetite for garlic and fish, and waslied down those place, gambling included, which is carried on in that materials by a draught of some thin wine, which he capital to a formidable extent. The result was, that after drank from a small wooden keg, instead of resuming his a short experiment of two years, they were obliged to appointed labour he began to sing a Wallachian ballad." give up their establishment; and the young countess was now returning to her mother, attended by a French femme de chambre, the only remaining fragment of her “The road through the mountains would certainly not transient splendour, except her harp, which she saved have been deemed practicable for an English saddle-horse. also froin the ruins. She was reading a book of common It was simply marked over the natural rock by frequent Hungarian ballads, which seemed to atford her amuse. use ; no care whatever having been for one moment exment. In a corner, two little girls were tittering away pended upon it, even for the purpose of removing the most merrily; I could not make out at what. Within loose stones, or breaking down the more prominent the ladies' cabin, I heard some of the laughing voices masses. Sometimes we rode over a track polished like which recalled the sense of my murdered sleep' of ice by the winter torrents, on which when ascending, we the morning. Upon the whole, I was pleased with the were obliged diligently to take a zigzag course ; when appearance of my companions, und Aattered myself with descending, to allow the animal now and then to slide at the hope of a pleasant voyage; in which I was not dis- his discrction. On other occasions, the near fuot might appointed.
be seen on a pointed rock, while the off leg was about * In the course of the day, a variety of new characters to pounce into a hole, the hinder hoofs making the best emerged from the second cabin and other hiding places; of their way through boulder-stones, as if playing with the greater part of whom soon ceased to attract my no them at marbles. tice, as they were of that class that seems born for the " It seemed to me, at first, an improper hazard of life mere purpose of transforming animal and vegetable sub- to attempt to ride over such a road as this ; where the stances into human Aesh and blood for the ordinary horse and rider, even going at the most stealthy pace, number of years. Among these specimens of creation, were every moment in peril of being dashed to the however, there was one little man whom I shall not ground. But the animals—though in England the whole so speedily forget. He was from Moldavia. He had five would not be deemed worti as many pounds-were been in the Russian service during the late war with so well accustomed to the business which they had to Turkey; but in what capacity, I could never satisfactorily perform, that, be the disposition of the track what it discover. I suspect he was a spy. He spokc German, might, they never by any chance made a false step. French, and Italian fluently. He wore a blue frock.coal, Their intelligence, prudence, courage, and extreme which probably had served him during the said war, as watchfulness for their own safely, as well as that of the it could boast of only a part of one button, and two very lives intrusted to their keeping, were wonderful. No unequal skirts remaining in any thing like decent condi. human being could have executed their office with the ticn. The rest of the garment was covered with grease. aniform success which attended all their movements. A pair of old black stuff trowsers, patched at the knees So rapidly did they gain upon my confidence, that, on in a most unworkmanlike manner, rent and not patched levels, or even on declivities, I did not hesitate to follow in other parts indescribable, and vilely tattered at the ex. my Tartar's example, when, with a view to recover the tremities, together with the ghost of a black waistcoat, time lost in ascending, or to escape quickly from a pass a cast off military cap, and wretched boots, offered an through a dense part of the woods, whence banditti some. apology for a better suit, which he said he had at home. tiines fire upon the traveller, he absolutely galloped over His shirt was also in the list of absentees. He had lost these smooth or broken masses, both equally dangerous, the half of one of his thumbs, the other was wrapped in as if he were flying for his life. a bandage. He had not shaved for three weeks; he cer. " Nothing in nature can be more beautiful than the tainly could not have washed either his hands or his variety, especially towards the close of the autumn, of the face for three months, and a comb had probably not pass hues that distinguish the shrubs and trees which com. ed through his hair for three years. To crown his per- pose the forests of Mount Hæmus. On one side, as if sonal peculiarities, he had a very red nose, on the top of for the purpose of ornament, an eininence rising gradually which was perched a pair of spectacles.”
from the torrent bed over which we rode, and extending A PRETTY BIT OF SKETCHING.
towards the heavens, was clothed to its sunimit with the
most magnificent shrubs, tinted with all shades of colour, “ Still falling down with the stream, as our rowers had - light gold, russet brown, silver ash, pale green, scarlet not yet finished their matin meal, we stole quietly along red, orange, and the incomparable blue of the iris. amid treinendous piles of rock, which rose higher and Amidst these shrubs, the convolvolus and other flowerhigher as we proceeded, sometimes barren of the slightest ing creepers suspended their festoons of bells, rivaling Iraces of vegetation, sometimes covered with brambles; the delicate white of the lily or the transparent pink of the whole appearing as if they had been made the sport the wild rose. of more than one volcanic convulsion. A grassy glen “On the other side, the thick forests, sometimes below us, opening on our right, exhibiting a cluster of elms, be sometimes threatening to march down upon us from their ncath which a Servian boy was tending his swinc, and treinendous heights, rank long grass, ferns, and brambles, amusing himself by playing a simple pastoral air on a branches interlacing with each other, old trees fallen in reed, offered an agrccable contrast to the frowning hor. all directions, and scathed by the lightning, rendering rors around us. The eye ranged beyond the glen over them impenetrable, seemed indeed peculiarly fitted to be a richly-wooded valley, opening far among the rocks, the haunts of robbers. The assassin had only to place him. where a group of women seemed engaged in cooking by self behind the trunk of a tree, wait until the wayfarer a fire, whose smoke curled upwards among the trees. appears in view, then deliberately take his aim, and he
“ The pipe of the swineherd seemed to awaken the mu. can hardly fail to bring down bis victim. Pursuit is sical faculties of our boatmon, one of whom, a short thick altogether out of the question. Retaliation would be bodied Wallachian, wearing on bis head a woolly shrop- equally impracticable, as the murderer conld not be seen. skin cap, might have been sketched as the very personi. The traveller who is best armed, as in this case my
VOL. XXVII, DECEMBER, 1835-79
A TURKISH IDLER.
Tartar was, is usually selected for the first experiment.
From the Monthly Review. The discharge is the signal to the whole band, who are Gleanings in Natural History. Third and last stationed at their posts along the edge of the forest, to be ready to fire at the remaining fugitives; and then, when
Series. To which are added notices of some all danger of a contest is over, the work of plunder com
of the royal parks and residences. By Edmences.
ward Jesse, Esq., Surveyor of his Majesty's “My Tartar and postilion were in a perfect fever during
parks, palaces, &c. London: Murray. 1835. the whole time we were riding through these passes. We galloped the whole way, whether up or down the decli. Surely no taste can be more amiable and pure vities. Sometimes the road was occupied by caravans, than that evinced by the author of these Gleanand we were obliged to mount narrow and broken path. ings; nor can we name any work in which the ways, which we found or made upon its edge. But even spirit of the writer is more effectually conveyed to over these tracks, where there was scarcely room for the his readers. Old and young must be delighted horse's hoof, we flew with a speed which must have be with such entertaining and instructive anecdotes trayed their terror. I do not affect to say that I was and notices as are here crowded together. The myself altogether free from alarm; but I confess that I thought a great deal less of perils from banditti than volume, like the former ones of the series, is full from the rocks over which I was obliged to pursue my and over the young, who once have a glimpse of
of the best light reading that can be thought of ; companions."
its contents, it will operate most wholesomely, by
strongly impressing them with the claims which “ I amused myself in observing the still life of a tailor's the inferior animals have upon our kindness and shop opposite, which appeared to be the favourite lounge tenderness. Montaigne, as is well quoted by the of all the idlers of the town. The master and threc jour author, has remarked, that few people take pleaneymen were sealed in the Turkish fashion, which tai. lors have adopted in every age and clime. Three visiters sure in seeing animals happy and playing
, took their seats also on the board, smoking their long and wound each other. It cannot be doubted!
whilst almost every one excites them to lacerate pipes, and looking on with profound gravity at the per. petual passing and repassing of the needles and threads that much of this feeling would be removed were through the cloth, which was destined in due season to persons made aware of the peculiar faculties and become a waistcoat or a pair of trowsers. Not a word sensibilities of such creatures, and how often they escaped any of the party. A voluptuous, well-dressed, display many of the qualities in highest estimation fine-looking man, with a long gold-headed cane balanced among mankind. It is also to be remarked that in one hand and his immense pipe in the other, next our own countrymen evince a general inattention made his appearance. He could not go by the shop to the rights of the brute creation. Owing to a without looking in.' Kindling his pipe, he also took want of thought and close observation, comparahis station on the board, and while his charge of tobacco tively few have a notion of the capacities of any. lasted, seemed the happiest of mortals. When the last animal we can name, and how worthy many of puff expired, he quitted his seat, walked down the street, those most despised or roughly handled are of a paid a visit to a tinman, smoked another pipe, came back, sat down again in the tailor's shop, where he found the claim upon our tenderness, or how well they whole party undisturbed, filled his pipe again, exhausted would repay our good treatment of them! Every it, and then seemed fairly at a loss to know what he was one has something to say on behalf of a favourite next to do. He looked up the street, down the street, dog, and yet how many ireat this faithful, intelliwent out, came back, stood a few minutes at the door in gent, and courageous race of animals with a cruel a state of listlessness, within a degree of petrifaction, and neglect, not to speak of the real torments inflicted at length resolutely disappeared."
upon them! It is, to a person who considers the The second volume is occupied with Mr. Quin's matter, a most painful sight to see, in such return; which
he chiefly accomplished by sea, weather as we have had of late, inany of these sailing sometimes in packet-boats, sometimes in servants, as upon the streets of London, put to king's ships. From Constantinople he first pass- unseemly, or at least to an overburdensome ed to Smyrna, then to Greece, and through the drudgery, while in real want for a drink of cold Archipelago to Venice, whence he journeyed to
How often, too, do we see the little fedRome. Here the narrative may be said to close. thered prisoners exposed to the burning rays of a His sketches of men, manners, and scenery, are
meridian sun in front of a reflecting wall. How distinguished by the same ability as those in often, again, do we behold the noble horse, Hungary, Wallachia, and Turkey; but the sub- that complaineth not, tormented with parching jects want the gloss of novelty, -excepting per- thirst, as intimated by his foaming mouth? There haps, Greece and King Otho. A great part of is such obvious misusage in this treatment, as the volume, too, is eked out with extraneous mat- must alone take its rise from a want of thought, ter,—diatribes against the grasping designs of and not from any absolute cruelty. Indeed, were Russia, and disquisitions about her policy, written mankind only to reflect a little, or try the experiin the style of a correspondent to a morning ment, they would, in reference to any domestic newspaper, with here and there a useful fact or animal of the brute creation, find that it was able, suggestion upon our diplomatic establishments. willing, and fond of returning ample payment for There are also some schoolboy reminiscences of fair treatment. How beautiful it is to behold the "Trojan Greeks,” and other classical matters, horse saluting the beckoning hand! how shocking which could as well have been written at home, to see it afraid of its master's threat, because that though there was no visible necessity for writing hand has been frequently raised to smite it in the them at all.
face! Who considers how fond the abominated swinish brutes are of a clean bed, or who has been at pains to cultivate their sagacity, which is great!
The goose is proverbially stupid, and yet, if treat-quarry above twenty feet, counting both the rocks ed with kindness, and habitually addressed as a and the earth above it, while its width was so inwise animal, it will evince such parts as are gene- considerable, that the operations of the workmen rally alone attributed to the dog. What a change could never be above twenty feet aside from the there would be in the aspect of society, were position of the nest, and often exactly in front of mankind universally to feel and to reflect as our it
. By the day the young ones burst from the author has done, and exhibits in the volume be- eggs, not a foot remained between the nest and fore us! We wish, as the next best thing, that the perpendicular face of the quarry. What sort every one may be taught by him, and therefore of instinct or reasoning guided the parent parwe shall insert, at considerable length, his Glean- tridges we know not, but it was fatal to several of ings, satisfied that, wherever they are read, atheir offspring, who incautiously ran over the edge manifest influence will be conveyed.
of the precipice and were killed: those that took Mr. Jesse's work is the reverse of systematic or an opposite direction lived, and interested us technical. He has evidently an extreme pleasure several months after, when we often counted in watching the habits and character of ihe infe- them in their flight. At last, however, the slaughrior animals, and a talent in interpreting their tering gun of a friend thinned farther the small language and ways, which he is constantly exer- covey. But we must follow our author, who has cising-setting down his discoveries just as they far more to communicate about birds and beasts are made, warmed by an immediate admiration, than we can be expected to possess. There is till the list of striking facts amounts to a volume. much to interest us in the statement and suggesHis work is exactly that which it is called, with- tion of our next extract. out many generalising remarks, which, indeed, would have required something like arrangement,
" A gentleman, whose name alone would be sufficient but which were unnecessary, as every anecdote or to attest the accuracy of the fact, communicated the folfact naturally suggests whatever of the sort that lowing circumstance to me. He was traveling in Greece, need be said or thought.
and passed a few days at the house of an acquaintance We are too apt, because it saves trouble, to wolves came down from the mountains in the night, ar d
in that country. While he was there, a large body of limit the course of nature, under certain sweeping committed great havoc among the sheep, goats and other generalities. With regard to the classification of animals belonging to the inhabitants of an adjoining vil. birds, it is usual to say that those species which lage. As the country people knew the place to which are the shyest, seek the most retired situations on the wolves generally retreated, they assembled in a large most occasions. But there are exceptions to this body, and made an attack upon them. In the evening rule, which either show that we take an inadequate some of the peasants brought a dead wolf of a large size view of that which enters into what we call shy- to the gentleman referred to, and told him that it was the pess of birds, or that there are considerable diver- leader or head of the pack of marauders. His foot was sity in the tempers and capacities of the individuals as large as the fist of a man. On questioning the coun. fornuing a species. We know indeed that there is try people on the subject, they asserted, as a well known a vast difference between the intelligence and dis- fact, that wolves were occasionally in the habit of selectposition of dogs, horses, &c., and no doubt the ing one particular whelp from a litter, which they care. same sort of variety holds good in the case of animals. The wolf thus fed grow strong and vigorous,
fully concealed in some secure place, and fed with lice every species, had we the means, or took we the and subsequently became the leader or king of the pack, pains, to study them. The following statement heading them on all occasions, and directing their operahas suggested these remarks.
" It may be thought that there is not sufficient author. " In one of the workshops belonging to Mr. W. Cox's ity to prove the truth of this circumstance. It is not manufactory at Taunton, a water wagtail built her nest. probable, however, that peasants would have invented the The room was occupied by braziers, and the noise prostory, and in a country where wolves abound, three must duced by them was loud and incessant. The nest was have been many opportunities, through a succession of built near the wheel of a lathe, which revolved within a foot of it. In this strange situation the bird hatched four years, to enable them to ascertain the fuct. The follow.
ing curious and interesting passage, however, in the 19th young ones, and the male, not having accustomed him. chapter of the prophet Ezekiel, not only tends to confirm self to such company, instead of feeding the nestlings it, but almost to place its accuracy beyond a doubt. It bimself, as is usual, carried such food as he collected to is as follows :a certain spot on the roof, where he left it, and from
“What is thy mother ? a lioness : she lay down among whence it was borne by his mate to the young. It is lions, she nourished her whelps among young lions. more remarkable that she was perfectly familiar with the men into whose shop she had intruded, and few in and young lion, and it learned to catch the prey;
" And she brought up one of her whelps: ii became a out of it without fear. If, by chance, a stranger, or any «• The nations heard of him, he was taken in their other of the persous employed in the same factory, enter.
pit. ed the room, she would, if' in her nest, instantly quit it,
Now when she saw that she had waited, and her or, if absent, would not return. The moment, however, hope was lost, then she took another of her whelps, and that they were gone, she resuined ber farniliarity."--pp. made him a young lion. 2, 3.
" • And he went up and down among the lions; he he. We ourselves have known a pair of partridges
came a young lion, and learned 10 catch the prey.' batch filteen eggs within three feet of the perpen- but we know that, in the bible, allusions are constantly
“There is no doubt that these words are prophetical; dicular breast of a quarry, where workmen were made to the habits of animals, and which are so accu. daily engaged in raising stones, and where, generately descriptive of them, that we can have no doubt of rally every day, a number of blastings, by means their being taken from actual observation. In the in. of powder, took place. Nor was the depth of the stance before us, the prophet Ezekiel secmed to be aware
of the circumstance which has been related, and seems | their wings extended, under the eaves of a house. I to have made use of it to illustrate the condition of the have also heard more than one instance of wrens being princes of Israel.
found huddled together in some snug retreat for the pur“ Few things are more interesting than tracing the pose of reciprocating warmth and comfort. The follow. truth and accuracy of the holy scriptures, by comparing ing interesting communication on this subject was made what is said of the customs and habits of Eastern nations, to me by Mr. Allan Cunningham, an author of whom with what ancient and modern travellers have related of his country men are justly proud, and who, I trust, will them. For instance, in the 9th chapter of the prophet long continue to delight his admirers with the producEzekiel it is said that a man ainongst them was clothed lions of his pen. with linen, with a writer's ink-horn by his side,' or upon " He says, I have once or twice in my life had an his loins. It is well known to those who bave traveled opportunity of answering that touching cnquiry of in Eastern countries, that even at the present time per- Buinssons employed to write carry an ink-horn, tucked in their girdle on one side of them, and pens or reeds on the
Ilk happing bird, wee, hapless thing, other. The psalmist speaks of the dew of Hermon,' a
That in the merry months o' spring, hill near Nazareth. Maundrell says,' we were sufficiently
Delighted me to hear thee sing,
What comos o' thee? instructed by experience, what the holy psalmist meani
Where wilt thou cower thy chitt'ring wing by the dew of Hermon, our tents being as wet with it as if it had rained all night.'
An' close thy e'e ? “In the 49th chapter of the prophet Jeremiah are ** One cold December night, with snow in the air these words:– He shall come up like a lion from the when I was some ten years old or so, I was groping for swelling of Jordan.' The banks of this tiver are still sparrows under the eaves in the thatch, where you know covered with a thick underwood of shrubs, in which they make holes like those bored by swallows in the river. several sorts of wild beasts harbour themselves. During banks. In one of these holes I got a handful of something the periodical overflowings of the river, these beasts are soft; it felt feathery and warm, and a smothered chirp told driven out of the covert, and this circumstance gave occa. me that it was living. I brought it, wondering, to my sion to the comparison referred to.
father's honse, and took a look at it in the light. The ball “ These, and instances without end, might be brought consisted of four living wrens rolled together, their heads forward as satisfactory proofs of the accuracy of biblical under their wings, and their feet pulled in, so that no allusions, and which are as authentic as they are inte thing was visible outside save a coating of motiled fea. resting.”—pp. 8–11.
thers. This I took to be their mode of keeping them. Huber states, that when a queen bee is requir
selves warm during the cold of winter. If you ask if I ed for a colony, a grub is selected, the cell which for having allowed one of the wrens to escape, it flew
am sure my nemory serves me rightly, I answer yes; contains it is enlarged, and it is fed with a pecu- directly to where my father was reading at a can. liar food; and probably all gregarious animals dle, and I had the misery of receiving from his hand observe some such conduct. Wild cattle and one of those whippings which a boy is not likely soon to deer have a particular leader, at least, and we forget. doubt not the same thing holds true of wild geese, "* When eighteen years old, or thereabouts, I met which are always in their lofty flight to be seen with something of the same kind : there was a difference, marshaled according to form, and most probably indeed, in the birds, for on this occasion they were mag: in the wake of one established general.
pies—not birds of song, but of noise. I went out with The sagacity of dogs furnishes Mr. Jesse with my brother, now in the navy, one fine moonlight winter many anecdotes; but as none are ignorant of many tion. The wind was ligh, and we expected to find them
night, to shoot wood-pigeons in a neigbbouring planta. strange deeds performed by this domestic servant, in a sheltered place, where the soil was deep, and the we shall select some striking statements in refe- spruce firs had grown high. A I went cowering along, rence to the less observed creatures. Animals looking througli the branches between me and the moon, are in the habit of lending assistance not only to I saw, what seemed as rge as a well-filled knapsack, their own species, but also to others.
fixed on the top of a long, slender ash-tree, which had “ A farmer's boy had fed and taken great care of a
struggled up in spite of the firs, which you know grow colt. He was working one day in a field and was attack very rapidly. 1 pointed it out to my brother, and seiz. ed by a bull. The boy ran to a ditch and got into it ing the shaft of the tree, shook it violently, when, if one just as the bull came up to him. The animal endeavour. magpie fell to the ground, there were not less than ed to gore him, and would probably have succeeded had twenty dropped in a lump at my feet. Away they few not the colt come to his assistance. He not only kicked screaming in all directions. One only remained on the at the bull, but inade so loud a scream, for it could be spot which they occupied on the tree, and I shot it, and called nothing else, that some labourers, who were work so settled what kind of birds had been huddled together, ing near the place, came to see what was the matter, down, for a minute's space or more, and could see nei
to avoid the cold. I looked at them before I shook them and extricated the boy from the danger he was in. I have seen cattle, when flies have been troublesome, stand ther head nor fect: it seemed a bundle of old clouts or side by side, and close together, the head of one at the
feathers.'" 44-47. tail of the other. By this mutual arrangement flies were brushed off from the head of each animal as well reflections, equal in point of propriety and beauty
On the economy of nature, our author bas some as their sides, and only two sides were exposed to the to any to be found in the Bridgewater Treatises
. care of a lamb when the dam has been rendered incapable He points out most happily how the all-wise disof assisting it, and birds will feed the helpless young of position of the Creator may be traced in the reothers.
ciprocal uses to which all created things were “ Birds also will cluster altogether for the purpose of designed, all being subservient to the same end, kceping each other warm. I have observed swallows and all contributing to assist in the preservation clustering, like bees when they have swarmed, in cold and happiness of the several species. Every antumnal weather, hanging one upon another, with thing is so perfectly contrived, so wonderfully
propagated, and so providentially supported, that their feathers off, and make their nests much warmer we are not only lost in wonder when we reflect than those which lay later in the season. This instinc. upon them, but are obliged to confess, that after all tive property is very curious, and shows the foresight the researches and observations hitherto made, which has been implanted in animals. there is an ample field still remaining for fresh blood of horses is heated by the climate, they are in the
“It is well known that in hot countries, where the and equally interesting discoveries. Among certain insects we observe most astonishing provi- bleeding themselves. This is done by biting the neck
constant habit of bleeding each other and sonietimes of sions of goodness. Bees, we may readily believe, or the shoulder. These, and a great variety of interest. have been created as a direct blessing to man, ing facts in the economy of nature, prove that animals and by allowing themselves to be housed, they are in possession of faculties beyond mere instinct, and ensure their existence and propagation to an unli- which they use to their own advantage under peculiar mited extent, did man allow it. But wasps have circumstances. Thus, a friend of mine saw a fine grey. no stock of provisions for their young, and there- hound, which had been incessantly teazed by a small fore the old ones destroy those which are in the spaniel, take it up in his mouth and drop it over the cells, and others become numbed and perish. Our parapet of a terrace into a river which flowed below it. author proceeds to say, if a wasp's nest is exa- The noble animal was unwilling to hurt his tormentor, mined in November, not one will be found alive and therefore took this opportunity of freeing himself in it. Thus these troublesome animals are kept instinct alone would not have taught him to do, and
from its annoyance. The dog in this instance did what within due bounds. The female or queen wasps afforded another proof of the truth of the remark I have only retire to some winter retreat, in an old tree made above. or wall, to become the founders of a new colony. " I will give another instance of this : A horse and a Yet, as has been observed by an eminent natu- cat were great friends, and the latter generally slept in ralist, the destruction of one part of the society by the manger. When the horse was going to have his another, previously to the death of the execu- oats, he always took up the cat gently by the skin of her tioners themselves, is a merciful measure, such neck, and dropped her into the next stall
, that she might apparent ferocity being the last effort of tender not be in the way while he was feeding. At all other affection, active even to the end of life. As to times he seemed pleased to have her near him.”—pp. 58 the method which nature takes in the well-being
-61. and preservation of her creatures, we shah quote
The pugnacious disposition in the males of some curious statements, that inust be new to many persons, but which we presume the author Lucien Bonaparte, is not to be regarded as acci
some animals, as has also been well observed by has sufficient grounds for advancing.
dental, but as necessary to the good of the species, “ I am assured that when a sheep has two lambs at a for since females prefer those males which are time, she will not permit one to suck her unless the other victorious, feebleness and degeneracy are preventis present. But for this instinctive arrangement, one of led in the animal creation. There is no end to her offspring would have an undue proportion of nou the amazing instiocts of animals, and to inrishment, and the other would either starve or degene. stances of conduct on their part which intimate a
" It is well known that a pigeon usually lays but two sort of reasoning faculty to be under peculiar cireggs. If, however, a third is laid, which is sometimes cumstances at their command. Mr. Jesse states the case, it has never I believe been known to come to that a person may stand for a long time close to a maturity. If three young pigeons were to be fed, none of rabbit in its form without its quitting it, but he them would probably be vigorous, and the race would has frequently observed that the moment the eyes degenerate. This is another instance of the interest of the intruder have met those of the animal it which Nature takes in the well-being of her creatures. has run away. The nightingale too will sing in The cow affords a similar instance : if she has twins, one a thick bush, when man is close to it, but whenof them a male, and the other a female, the latter is
eyes rest on it, the song ceases. always barren. " If a doe produces a white fawn, with red eyes, its
When speaking of the care of animals for their under jaw is always defective, and it dies of starvation : young, he hesitates not to affirm that the palm of a wise provision of nature, in preventing what would parental affection must be given to birds in preprobably be feeble from arriving at maturity.
ference to quadrupeds. As respects some of the " When we consider also the way in which the Crea- feathered species, it seems to us that an exceptor has provided for the clothing of animals, according tion must be made. Tame pigeons seem to bear to the climates of the places in which they are found, little remembrance of their bereavement when we shall have no less cause to admire his goodness. In robbed of their young, and other birds with the hot countries many animals have but little hair on their most philosophic patience proceed to the erection bodies, and some are almost entirely without it, such as of a new nest, and the propagation of another elephants, monkeys, &c. In very cold countries, the fur family, when the hand of the destroyer has been feet of some birds are covered with feathers, not only to upon their family. It is, to reason according to protect them, but to enable them more readily to run
human notions, true that quadrupeds are remindupon the snow. Animals also, which have been brought ed of their young when their milk becomes inconfrom one country and domesticated in a different and venient, a circumstance which suggests to our opposite climate, are not neglected by nuture, but are minds a selfish interest, when they hasten to feed provided with such a change of covering as is best suited their offspring. to it. How different is the covering of a Shetland pony to that of an Arabian or Persian horse ; one has to endure “ Birds, however, have no such motive, and yet how the extreme of cold, and the other of heat, and we see unceasingly are they occupied in providing for their how kindly nalure has provided for both.
brood, and how cheerfully do they appear to perform “ Ducks which lay carly in the year strip more of their offices of love and affection! From morning to