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with the measures necessary for his personal security. | virtue of their rank. Ram Chunder's appointment i He could scarcely, at the head of his government, have fully equal to that of a general officer, and he is usually been surrounded by a greater number of domestics or a greeted by that title by Europeans, who, in consequence more numerous suwarree, and he keeps up all the state of the introduction of soubadahs into sepoy regiments, do and grandeur of a prince. A very large mansion has not attach the same importance to the name as the nabeen allotted for his residence, and his suwars and mili. tives, who are accustomed to hear rulers of provinces en tary retainers are under the direction of Ram Chunder, a titled soubadahs. Ram Chunder has throughout his life Mahratta general, who was taken with him, but who has borne a very high character; and the trust now reposed been admitted to his parole, and frequently joins the in him, and the liberty he enjoys while in close commosocial circle at Cawnpore. The appearance of this per- nication with the ex-peishwa, his master, are the strongest sonage at the public balls and parties of the station is testimonials in favour of his former good conduct. very striking. He dresses richly in the Mabratta cos The great Mahratta leader himself is held in much tume, which is rather cumbrous, and not nearly so grace closer imprisonment, and still remains an object of sus. ful or so becoming as the tight fitting vests worn by the picion, although the position of affairs in India is now 50 natives of the upper provinces of Bengal. Neither can completely altered, that many acute politicians are of the turban compare with the claborately plaited puggrees, opinion that he might be set at liberty without the slightdisplayed by noblemen and gentlemen of rank, which, est chance that his appearance, amid the scenes of his though the usual distinguishing mark of a Mahomedan, former exploits, would endanger the peace of the counis sometimes worn by Hindoos. But if the style of Ram try. Native influence does not extend over any protract. Chunder's garments be not so tasteful as that displayeded period; new combinations arise, new interests are by the exquisites of Lucknow and Delhi, no fault can be created, and the man who a few years ago was the rally. found with the splendour of his jewels. He wears a row ing point of thousands, would now find difficulty in of pearls, the size of pigeon's eggs, round his neck, which, attaching a single partisan to his cause. The once rea princess might covet, nor is this valuable ornament nowned and redoubted Bajee Rao, is, at the present laid by upon ordinary occasions. It forms an appendage period, little better than a dead letter, and it is impossible to his usual attire, not much in keeping with the every- to speak of his views or his feelings with any degree of day dress, which consists in the cold weather of common certainty, so difficult it is, for those who live in the immechintz, lined and wadded. The material is not better diate neighbourhood of the place of his confinement, to than that worn by the domestics of the country, and such learn any thing conclusive concerning them. It is said, as no person of rank would appear in upon any public that, on the visit of the governor-general to the upper occasion-shawl, broadcloth, or velvet, being the articles provinces, he was anxious to obtain an interview, but employed; but the Mahrattas have always been noto. that the great perplexity respecting the ceremonial prerious for the simplicity, not to say meanness, of their vented the meeting. The peishwa could not brook the attire. They affect to despise all the effeminate pomp of idea of appearing in the character of a prisoner before costly array, and to pride themselves only upon their the British viceroy, and Lord William would not consent war equipments, their coats of mail and offensive wea. to receive him in any other. This, however, is merely pons. "A Mahratta horseman, when accoutred for the station talk, and perhaps not greatly to be depended apod. field, is a very splendid, as well as a very picturesque, At the period of his capture, the peishwa was in the personage; but it is only as equestrians that ihese people prime of life, and those who have seen him since describe are seen to great advantage. Ram Chunder, who is of a him to be a man of fairer complexion than the generality kindly temperament and social disposition, appears to of natives, with a pleasing countenance, and a figure intake considerable interest in the affairs of the Anglo- clined to corpulency; his manners are affable and conIndian community at Cawnpore. More than once, he descending, and he has the art of concealing the dark has been introduced, at his own request, to ladies who shades of a character stained by the imputation of a have attracted attention by their intellectual acquirements; thousand crimes. According to common report, no and upon one occasion it was rather amusing to see him eastern despot ever disgraced the throne by more cold looking over the contents of an album, belonging to a and calculating murders, while the perfidy which brought literary lady, which formed an unique specimen in a him to his present condition, has been too indisputably place like Cawnpore. He was particularly struck with proved to leave a doubt of his being capable of commi. the drawing of a shíp buffeting the billows of a stormy ting the basest acts of treachery. Bajee Rao is happy in sea, and asked a great many questions concerning it. his domestic relations; his wife, who shares his captivity, The natives of insulated districts, in the interior of India, is distinguished for her beauty and the amiability of her entertain very vague notions respecting the ocean, and character. She receives European ladies, who come to the vessels which navigate it. Their curiosity scems to visit her; and gentlemen, paying their respects at the be strongly excited upon the subject, though few of the mansion where she resides, sometimes catch a casual higher orders are at the trouble to gratify it by an excur. glimpse ; for, though not openly appearing in public, sion to some distant port. Travellers in India are chiefly Mahratta females are less scrupulous of being seen by confined to two classes, those who have business, and male eyes, than those belonging to any other native cornthose who have religious duties for their object, and the munity of India. Imprisonment can make very little majority of the latter belong to the lower orders. Pil difference in the lives of the females of the peishwa's grims of rank and wealth are not rare, but they bear nu household, since they were never destined to taste the proportion to the numbers of poor people, who either seek sweets of perfect liberty; and could their lord forget his remote shrines upon their own account, or as proxies to former dignity, and the power he exercised over a large men who are able to pay for their passport to heaven, and and important territory, he might be happy, or at least who delegate the less agreeable part of the ceremony to content. He possesses every requisite for domestic enothers. The proxies are supposed to derive spiritual joyment, without the risk and turmoil attendant upon advantages equal to those which they procure for their sovereignty ; but it would be difficult to convince persons employers, and numbers, therefore, are willing to under suffering under a reverse of fortune, that the change is take the toils and hardships of a long journey for a very really for the better, and an ambitious mind especially moderate remuneration. The military title of Ram must chafe at the disappointment of all its schemes
. The Chunder is souhadah, literally “captain:" but, under peishwa is under the charge of a British officer, who native princes, it gives a larger command than that resides at Baitoor, but not in the same mansion with the which persons bearing a captain's commission in the prisoner, with whose personal arrangements he does not services of European powers, are supposed to hold in interfere. The appointment of this officer is not one of
great responsibility, he being placed at Baitoor chiefly as ress, and attended a horse, picketed beneath Trimbuckjee's ihe medium of communication between the ex-peishwa window. This man amused himself with singing Mah. and the government; he is not obliged to remain con ratta songs; a version of one has been given us from the stantly at his post, and is frequently to be seen at the elegant pen of Bishop Heber, and the whole story has balls and parties at Cawnpore. He has a house to live in, been celebrated in a very pretty poem, which appeared in and handsome allowances, in addition to his regimental the second volume of the Bengal Annual, and for which pay; it is therefore considered a very eligible appoint- the editor was indebted to Mrs. Jourdan, the wife of a ment, the duties being light, and under no control. field officer in the Bombay army. A convenient build.
The great drawback to the advantages enjoyed by a ing has been erected purposely for the accommodation of person who is handsomely remunerated for comparatively this enterprising Mahratta, within the walls of the fort; trifling services, is the want of society in the immediate all the windows of this mansion are secured by iron gratneighbourhood; for, however well disposed natives and ings, and the guards are stationed in the surrounding Europeans may be towards each other, it is seldom that verandahs. While the strictest attention has been paid they derive much pleasure from very intimate association. to the security of the prisoner, care bias also been taken What in England would be an easy distance, is fatiguing to afford him all the alleviations which his situation will in India, and it would be difficult to keep up a constant admit. The apartments he inhabits are large and airy, communication with Cawnpore in the hot weather. Con- and he has the range of a sinall garden, in which a pago. sequently, during a considerable period of the year, the da has been erected, in order that he may perform his European family of Baitoor must depend upon its own religious duties in the accustomed manner. This temple
In a more temperate climate, persons would is shaded by a peepul tree, which is esteemed sacred by not be the subject of pity, who had a large garden to the Hindoos, and, being a Brahmin of high caste, he emamuse themselves in and a good house over their heads; ploys the greater portion of his time in the ceremonials but the impossibility of out-of-door employments of any enjoined on that peculiarly favoured race. He is fond kind, and the annoyance attendant upon even moderate also of cultivating his garden, which he has planted with exertion within doors, completely preclude any thing like flowers, displaying some degree of taste in their arrange. rural enjoyment, and render the European residents of ment; but these are not the appropriate occupations of Hindoostan totally dependant upon each other. Some an active and irritable tenperament, and Trimbuckjee times we do see a little lean wiry gentleman, burned as does not conceal his distaste for a mode of life so unconblack as a coal, who can emulate the natives in their dis- genial to his disposition. Four of his own servants have dain of a thermometer up to a hundred and thirty; or a been retained as his personal attendants, but these men slight pale lady, who wonders how any body can find the are not permitted to sleep out of the fortress, and they climate too warm, and who plies the needle with nimble undergo a search whenever they pass in or out. They fingers, while her companions are fainting from exhaus-are useful in bringing news from the town to solace the tion : but these are rare cases, and it is seldom that a hours of inaction, which the once bustling, intriguing pair of exiles are so well matched.
politician, their master, is now condemned to endure. It A medical officer is also attached to the station, though is well known that Trimbuckjce has not relinquished the not resident there, he having other duties, which oblige hope of obtaining his liberty, nor of mixing himself up him to divide his time between Baitoor and Cawnpore. again with the public affairs of India. He has never The necessity of visiting patients constantly in the hot ceased to importune the government to consent to his weather, entails a very serious inconvenience, and in one liberation, promising to give ample security for his fu. instance the life of a lady was sacrificed by an experi- ture good conduct, and to manifest his gratitude by the ment tried between her husband and the surgeon, to as performance of the most important services. He is, certain whether he was actually obliged to make daily however, either strongly distrusted, or it is not considercalls upon the sick. We do not remember how the ed convenient to allow him to be at large. In the mean question was settled, but the subject of the dispute was time, his property, which has been secured to himself brought to Cawnpore too late to be benefited by the and his family, is accumulating to an enormous amount; change. She was beyond all medical aid, and both par. perchance in the remote expectation of raising up his ties had reason to lament the obstinacy with which they political fortunes by means of his wealth, he rejoices had contested the point.
over the increase of his riches, and, like many other While Bajee Rao enjoys every advantage which it is great men reduced to private life, he descends to petty dcemed prudent to grant to a person whom it is necessa- savings in order to add to the mass. In his state of ad. ry to keep under restraint, together with a dubious versity, he has inspired little respect; he is ignorant to reputation, --some being of opinion that he was rather an extent which seems scarcely credible, not being able wrought upon by others, than incited by his own evil either to read or write; and to judge from casual interpassions,-his prime minister, Trimbuckjce, is kept in course, he seems very ill-calculated for the high situation much closer confinement. Upon this man the greatest which he held under the peishwa. With other characdegree of the odium attached to the peishwa's conspiracy teristics of his country, Trimbuckjee has all the Mahratta has fallen. Whether justly or unjustly, he is accused of partiality for slovenly and dirty attire, taking no pains a much deeper participation in the deceit and treachery about his personal appearance, even when in the expectapractised at ihat eventful period, and he is accordingly tion of receiving distinguished visitors. He is fond of more strictly guarded. The strong fortress of Chunar, company, and encourages Europeans to pay their respects on the banks of the Ganges, on the opposite side to Be to him; there is no difficulty in obtaining access, the nares, and higher up the river, has been selected for the government not being under any apprehensions that its place of Trimbuckjce's confinement. Ile is very closely officers would suffer themselves to be prevailed upon to watched, having an European as well as a sepoy guard become the tools of this artful person, however adroit and over the house in which he resides, and never being per- subtle he might be. mitted to stir beyond the cognisance of the sentinels. Few places in India have more natural strength than He had contrived to make his escape from his former the fortress of Chunar, and were it necessary to do so, prison, at Tannah, near Bombay, which rendered it ne. it might, like Gibraltar, be rendered impregnable. No cessary to pay a greater degree of attention to the secu- native force could effect its capture at present; and, if rity of his person. An air of romance is spead over the properly defended, it would make a strong and lengthencircumstances of his flight from Tanpah, which was cd resistance against a European army. It is, however, effected by the co-operation of a partisan, apparently a too for from the frontiers to be of much importance in syce, who engaged himself with the governor of the fort. the existing state of our position in India, and it is not
therefore deemed advisable to construct any new defences. Christians. The Mussulmans have also a holy place in It stands upon the summit of a rock, which is sur- the neighbourhood of Chunar, the mausoleum of two rounded on all sides by steep precipices, and the engineer saints, father and son, and an accompanying mosque, has displayed no small degree of skill in flanking it with built and endowed by an emperor of Delhi. This durga bastions, wherever it was possible to throw up a battery. is very beautifully situated in the midst of a large garden, The summit of the rock is table-land, which is richly and does not suffer by a comparison with more celebrated clothed with grass in the rainy season, and shadowed at sepulchral monuments. The architecture is extremely all times by several fine trees. The face towards the beautiful
, and the perforated stone lattices, particularly river is particularly formidable, projecting very boldly the elaborate workmanship of native chisels, are highly into the water, and, in consequence, boats sometimes find attractive even to those who have seen the splendid mardifficulty in passing when the current runs strongly ble trellises of Agra and Delhi. The tomb of Sheik So against them. The striking of the boat hooks against liman and his son is situated about three miles from the rock produces a curious effect; clouds of birds rush Chunar, and forms an object for the evening drives of the out of their nests, which they have made in the holes and European inhabitants. The country round about is very crevices, and their twitterings, and the rustling of their romantic, presenting all the attractions which rock and wings, with the dark shadow of the precipice falling over ravine, hill, wood, and water, tastefully disposed by na. the vessel, and the roar of waters below, give a sort of ture's cunning hand, can afford. Chunar is a striking wild sublimity to the scene, which is very exciting. Be- object from the river; the citadel crowning the rock, and yond the fortress, the burial ground of Chunar lies on the its magnificent trees, with handsome buildings peeping side of a hill, sloping into the river. This is one of the through the vistas, render it altogether not inferior to any most picturesque cemetries which the traveller passes in of the views obtained upon the Ganges, beautiful and a tour through the upper provinces of Bengal. The varied, notwithstanding the alleged monotony of that monuments are chiefly of black stone, and it requires river, as they certainly are. The rocky nature of the very little aid from the imagination to fancy that they country, however, and its sandy soil, materially increase are groups of mourners, weeping over the dead who are the heat, which is very sensibly felt during the worst stretched in cold unconsciousness below. Chunar is al seasons of the year. together a very interesting place, possessing more of pic. Allahabad is the residence of a third prisoner, whose turesque beauty than is usually to be found in European subjugation has been, and will be, productive of the most stations, convenience being more studied than landscape important results to our empire in the cast, and to the in the sites they occupy. The houses belonging to Eu. spread of intellectual cultivation amongst the natives. ropeans are very prettily situated on a declivity, most Doorgun Saul, the usurping rajah of Biurtpore, is ac. luxuriantly clothed with trees, and covered with orchards commodated with snug lodgings in the fort, very much and gardens, the native town crowning the summit be against his inclination. He is a Jaut, a race who sprang yond. Many of the buildings are of stone, there being into notice after the death of Aurungzebe, and whose prefine quarries in the neighbourhood ; but it has lost all its tensions to high caste are not borne out by their origin. importance as a station, and now forms one of the asy. They belong to the Sudras, a low tribe, and are not relums for invalid soldiers, both European and native, who "cognised by other Hindoos as Khetris, the military caste, are cqual to the performance of garrison duty. There though they assumed that designation immediately upon are, however, many remains to interest those who possess their
conquest of a large territory, including Agra, which any antiquarian taste. The fort, in itself a great curios- they had seized in the decline of the Mahomedan power. ity, contains several buildings well worthy of inspection; The chiefs of the Jauts styled themselves rajabs, a one of them, a very ancient Hindoo palace, within the title to which they have no real claim, and they supported highest defences of the fort, has particular'claims to no their pretensions with the utmost insolence, boasting that tice, on account of its interior decorations of painting and they would become the sovereigns of India, and drive carving. The apartments, which are vaulted, surround out the Europeans with the same ease with which they ing a domed chamber in the centre, are extremely dark had triumphed over the Moghul dynasty. Though in and very low, the only contrivances which the Hindoos strict alliance with the British government, after Shah have thought necessary to exclude the heat, natives not Allaum was rescued by Lord Lake from the hands of the appearing to suffer at all from the want of a free circulation Mahrattas, the sovereign of Bhurtpore, the capitol of the of air. The Mussulman invaders, more luxurious, pur. territory, secured to him by the treaty of 1803, exerted sued a different plan, and the residence of the Moslem himself on behalf of Jeswunt Rao Holkar, after a signal governor, a lofty handsome building, in the Gothic or defeat, admitting that chief and the remnant of his army Saracenic style, now used as an armoury, affords a fine into the citadel, and preparing to withstand the siege contrast to the narrow gloomy cells of the old palace in which was immediately commenced against it. The its immediate neighbourhood.
result of the operations under Lord Lake is well known. Chunar may vie with Benares in the sanctity of its It possessed the Jauts with a notion that they were incharacter, and indeed, by those who believe in the tradi- vincible, and all the restless spirits of the frontiers, who tion which ascribes to the Deity a greater predilection to trusted that in time of war they should be able to carve this spot, than to a city styled, par excellence, holy, it out more brilliant fortunes for themselves than they must be still more highly venerated. There is a small could hope to attain during a period of inaction, desired court, or quadrangle, surrounded by a wall, and darkened nothing so much as a second trial of strength between by the shade of a large old peepul tree, which contains a the people of Bhurtpore and the British government. slab of black marble, on which it is said that the invisible The lenient measures pursued by the latter were miscon. Creator of the world takes his seat for nine hours every strued into a proof of weakness. The Rajah of Bhurtpore day, while he only spends the remaining three at Benares. dying in 1824, left a son and successor, who only occoA silver bell hangs upon the branches of the tree, and pied the throne a single month. The decease of this there is a rude hieroglyphic carved on the opposite wall, prince led to the events which ultimately occasioned the a triangle enclosing a rose. The gate of this sanctuary complete downfall of Bhurtpore. The heir was an infant, is kept locked, and access only given to it at particular not more than seven years old at the period of his father's times. The Hindoos who obtain entrance, when shown death; he was recognised by the British government as to any casual visiter, evince the most lively satisfaction the legal successor, and his expiring parent had received in the opportunity afforded them of approaching so sacred an assurance of support and protection from Sir David a spot; and the absence of all idolatrous objects of wor. Ochterlony, to the child who, at so tender an age, was ship, gives it a degree of holiness even in the eyes of left to struggle his way through life. The uncle of the
young prince was appointed regent, and for a short time by the prisoner, who, in his assumption of greatness, affairs went on smoothly. Mean while, the authorities in presents rather an amusing spectacle to those who know Bengal were involved in a war with the Burmese, and the upon what a baseless foundation his claims must rest. opportunity of pursuing his ambitious projects was ea- Doorjun Saul has failed to excite any feeling of compasgerly seized by Doorjen Saul, a cousin of the reigningsion in his favour. The excesses which he commiited, prince, who murdered the regent, made the heir a prison and the murders by which he effected his usurpation of er, and usurped the sovereignty of the state. Lord Am- the sovereignty of Bhurtpore, rendered him odious in herst, who was governor general at the tinie, made sev. the eyes of all high-minded persons, and there is nothing eral attempts to bring the refractory person to reason ; in his manners or personal acquirements to make those but, puffed up with the expectation of maintaining his who converse with him forgetful of his real character, power against cnemies who had another and a distant and the conduct he pursued. campaign upon their hands, he refused to restore the le Bhurtpore, under the present rajah, Bulwunt Sing, gitimate heir to the throne, and openly declared his in- presents a very different appearance from that of former tention to uphold his usurpation by force of arms. The days, when it was wont to keep the surrounding states in time occupied in negotiations, which ended in nothing, awe. The fortress was erected with the product of part it is said cost the gallant Sir David Ochterlony his life; of the spoil pillaged from the army of Aurungzebe, he had hoped that the reduction of Bhurtpore would have during his last march to the Deccan. This monarch, been the exploit of an army under his command ; but whose attention seems chiefly to have been directed to the arrival of Lord Combermere in Bengal, as command the subjugation of the Mahomedan princes of the empire, er in chief, frustrated his expectation. He was supersed- men whom he could easily have made tributaries and ed by a superior officer, anxious to gather laurels upon allies, overlooked or disregarded the rising power of the Indian ground, and, retiring to a mansion which he had Mahrattas and the Jauts; the latter, rich with the spoils built in the upper provinces, died in a short time, accord. of Agra, obtained so strong a position in the upper proing to public opinion, of a broken heart. It is unne- vinces, that could they have been content with the sove. cessary to state the result of this brilliant enterprise. reignty granted them by the treaty with Lord Lake, no Though the British army, which boasted the highest native power would have been in so flourishing a state state of discipline, was restrained from committing those at the present time. The British government had, till excesses which but too often follow the reduction of an very recently, a resident at Bhurtpore, and a small deobstinately defended place, the horrors of the capture of tachment from the garrison at Agra took up their quarters Bhurtpore are almost without a parallel. Large bodies in the citadel. While their European officers were upon of the Jauts clothed themselves in a peculiar sort of ar. duty, they received provisions from the rajah. Nothing mour, made of quilted cotton, studded with metal plates; can esceed the religious prejudices and the intolerance of vast numbers of these men, huddied together amid works the Jauts ; no European must liope to eat beef, in any which they continued to defend after every chance of shape, in a city under their control; peacocks are also effectual resistance was hopeless, perished miserably in held so sacred, that it would be a service of great danger the flames which caught their garments; others refused to kill them ; but as the authorities know that Christians to take quarter, and nothing could exceed the frightful cannot be induced to abstain from animal food, they nature of the spectacles which met the eyes of the con- supply them with fowls and kids, and are not greatly querors at every step. Although the siege had been scandalised by the slaughter of mutton. Neither sheep comparatively of short duration, famine had made great nor goats are objects of the slightest regard in India; inroads upon the poorer classes of the population, and the latter are often chosen as acceptable sacrifices to the even while in the act of administering relief, the officers gods, and in that case their flesh, being sanctified, is appointed to superintend the distribution of rations, saw eaten by the officiating Brahmins; many who would be numberless miserable victims drop and die, before they shocked at the murder of a fowl, think little of that of a could put out their hands to receive the gift.
lamb, and it seems to be less an abomination to partake Doorjun Saul made an attempt to escape with his of this food, than of any other (excepting fish) which family, but was captured in his flight, and sent down to has breathed the breath of life. Allahabad, guarded by a strong escort, under the com. Bhurtpore is still a very interesting place for a visit. mand of two British officers. His suwarree on this oc. Upon entering the palace, the first object which attracts casion was very imposing, consisting of numerous ele. attention in the court yards are the cheetahs, kept for phants, camels, carriages, and horses of every description. hunting. These fine animals are chained to charpoys, He maintained upon the march a sullen sort of state, re- the common native bedstead, and are seen reposing fusing to see or converse with the officers of his guard in upon them at their ease. When disturbed by strange a friendly manner, and yielding to a reverse of fortune footsteps, their appearance is rather formidable. They with a very ill grace. As a prisoner, Doorjun Saul has start up, gnash their teeth, and utter sharp growls, show. no reason to quarrel with the quarters assigned to him at ing plainly that, if they should succeed in breaking their Allahabad; but he is by no means resigned to his fate, chains, there would be no small danger of an attack. and now courts the visits of young European officers, in The tamest are those which have been taken young, and the hope of inducing them to assist in pleading his cause. suckled by goats, these animals readily yielding their Lle is speedily made acquainted with the arrival of every milk to the offspring of a fiercer race. The cubs are as person of rank at the station, and if he fancies they can playful and as harmless as puppies or kittens, but in adin any way be instrumental to the object he has in view, vanced years their natural ferocity is apt to break out; he employs all his powers of persuasion to induce them their native attendants, however, get exceedingly attachto exert their influence in his behalf. When his solici.ed to these savage creatures, and devote all their time to tations to receive a visit are granted, young men com. the care of their charges. Twice a day, in the morning monly find him seated on a table, surrounded by nume. and after sunset, they are led out to exercise; a custom Tous attendants, employed in fanning off the flies, or in common all over India, and which extends to birds. Not some other service equally indicative of deference and only are hawks carried upon the wrist to take the air, respect. The conduct of these people towards the guest but parrots share the excursion ; the latter, perched upon is regulated by his rank, or the interest he may be sup- a stand, to which they are secured by a slight chain, are posed to possess.
If he be a person of consequence, frequently slung over a man's shoulder, and when ac. nothing can exceed the homage he receives ; but a casual customed to these daily perambulations, they will not be visiter, from whom no service of importance can be ex. content to remain at home, screaming and calling to pected, must be content to sce all the civility monopolised l their bearers until their wish is gratified. A large cocka.
too, of the writer's acquaintance, if detained beyond his
From the Court Magazine. usual hour, might be heard a quarter of a mile off, scold. ing and vociferating to be taken out. Bhurtpore exhibits
MORAD THE HUNCHBACK. many of these curious spectacles: it is a place in which ALTERED FROM THE NEW ARABIAN TALES OF THE SHEIKH AL NSER. European fashions and customs have as yet made little progress.
Dear, delightful Scheherazade !—who is there The present rajah, still very young, is well spoken of; that loves not to recall the hours of stolen pleaowing his life, and the inheritance bequeathed to him by sure devoted to the stories with which, during a his father, to European interference, he does not lament thousand and one nights, thou didst delay the the subjection of the strong fortress, so long the pride of the upper provinces. Notwithstanding the recent period stroke of fate, and finally change the stern resolve of a signal and unexpected defeat, the people of Bhurt of the cruel Schahriar ?' The days are gone when pore either never bore any enmity to their conquerors, or we gave full credence to the marvels of Aladdin's they have forgotten it. Europeans are very courteously lamp and ring—when the voyages of Sindbad treated, and even those who took prominent parts in the appeared as authentic as those of Ross or Parry, capture, are welcomed, when they appear in the train of and the feats of the flying horse better substana governor-general or commander-in-chief, with shouts tiated than those of Russell's steam carriages;of®“ Ram ! Ram !" and other demonstrations of joy. but we must confess, notwithstanding the hazard The rajah, instead of following the old dusloor (custom) of incurring all the ridicule of this utilitarian age, of plotting and intriguing to embarrass his allies, em that we still love to revel in these wild and wonploys himself in building and beautifying his capital, drous scenes of gorgeous imaginings Though deprived of all its real strength, Bhurtpore still exhibits a warlike appearance, the ditch of the citadel,
The weary soul they seem to soothe, when filled with water, looks as if it would present a
And, redolent of joy and youth, formidable obstacle to the invader; but, instead of being
To breathe a second spring. flanked by batteries and bastions, the land, formerly occupied by artillery, is now under cultivation. The greater It was with a burst of delight almost amounting portion of the inhabitants have a military air, and though to enthusiasm that the announcement of New abating somewhat of the swagger which distinguished | Arabian Tales by the Sheikh Al Mohdi, secretary them before their defeat, look as if they could still win to the French government after Napoleon's occuthe laurel in some well.contested field. Their dress is ration of Cairo, was read; they were hastily orrather cumbrous, but picturesque, and the troops of the dered and eagerly devoured. Though the secrerajah are well-disciplined and handsomely clothed.
In consequence of the tranquillity of the country, and lary is not likely to rival the princess's fame as a the complete dispersion of the faction who supported the story teller, more than one of his narrations might rival pretensions, Doorjun Saul might be liberated with have been told to Schahriar without any dread of out dread of endangering the state ; but neither he nor wearying the impatient sultan. The following is his fellow sufferers, the Peishwa and Trimbuckjee, can
selected as a specimen of the work from the excite any strong degree of sympathy: each has been sheikh's second volume, entitled "Revelations of guilty of great crimes, and is suffering merited punish the Moristán," or Lunatic Asylum at Cairo, the ment.
several narratives being supposed to be related by the inmates of that melancholy abode. It is only necessary to premise that the tale which precedes
Morad's is full of extraordinary vicissitudes, and Burns.—We do not know to what extent the new that Morad was afraid lest his auditors, over-exedition of Burns has become popular, but we should look cited by a detail of “hair-breadth 'scapes," might upon any neglect of that great poet, as an impeachment refuse attention to his narrative. He must now of the public judgment and taste. Burns, in our opinion, relate his own story. has not yet attained the eminence to which he is entitled. His character also has, we think, been mistaken, and he is the only one of our society whom fortune, in
“Let not my friend Abd-al-kadir * suppose that his acquirements overlooked. He is ranked with unedu- cruel sport, gifted with elevated rank and countcated poets, in spite of the clear evidence of cultivation less wealth. I have been a king as well as others, and knowledge, in his letters. Burns was well acquainted with the classic models, both modern and ancient. though I never saw the capital of my kingdom. i What difference does it make, whether education has have been rich, exceedingly rich ; but my own been obtained from a public tutor, in a college-a private will, not chance, despoiled me of my wealth and tutor, in a mansion-or in a cottage, from the most effi. my crown. cient of all tutors, self? The universities can boast of a "All my misfortunes, and I have had an ample Milton and a Newton-but the cottage and the workshop share of them, arose from destiny obstinately lendhave produced a Burns and a Watt. It is to be lamented, ing itself to gratify all my desires, to fulfil my also, that Burns frittered away his genius upon short or every wish, to grant every gift for which I had occasional pieces; and still more lamentable, that he formed even the slightest inclination. should have clothed his thoughts in the barbarous dialect of the common people of a province. He had at his all that we desire.' Well-according to their
“Happiness, some people say, 'consists in command every tone, from tragic pathos to heart-casing definition, the more I was happy, the more was ! gay ;--eloquence and imagination varied and exhaustless; miserable. If I can justly blame fate for any -had he produced a poem worthy of his genius, in sub thing, it is for having mercilessly refused me the ject, character, and magnitude, he would be the Ariosto consolation of even the slightest contradiction, to of England.-- British and Foreign Review, No. 1. moderate a little the torrent of favours with which
it pleased destiny to overwhelm me; a torrent
* The storyteller that preceded Morad.