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which took place in 1718, he was not long aslic of letters, and courted by the most illustrious widower.

men, upon a close observațion he was seen to be " Bolingbroke had no love and little esteem for her any thing but happy. during her life, and he did not long mourn her death. Bolingbroke had ever been the victim of restless and He had met with a lady who could better appreciate his disappointed ambition : the disappointment harassed him virtues, and could look with more indulgence upon his after the hope of retrieving it had Aed. To this cause vices. This was the widow of the Marquis de Villette, of mental inquietude another cause of annoyance was a lady who is described to have combined with the ele. now superadded. We have noticed that his marriage gances of a highly polished mind the advantage of a with the Marchioness de Villette was private, and was lively and amiable temper: she loved the man whom her pot acknowledged until two years after it was solemnis. countrymen honoured and admired, and Bolingbroke ed. No sooner was this lady dead, than her heirs in found with her that domestic happiness which had been France, denying that any marriage had ever taken place, denied him in his first matrimonial connection.

commenced a suit in the French courts for the recovery “ Boling broke's acquaintance with this lady com of the property she had possessed as a widow. Boling. menced in the early part of this year. She had been broke was little inclined to litigate the question : his ten years a widow : was possessed of some property, efforts to obtain legal proofs of the marriage were vain, which she enjoyed, and was entitled to much more, and he respected the memory of his wife too much to which was contested. Their intimacy soon ripened into wish to make so delicate a point a subject of public con. affection ; but as his first wife was yet alive, the success versation; he made large offers of accommodation, but of his suit was rather gratifying to his passion than hon- every proposal was rejected, and his opponents determinourable to its object. Whether any levity of conduct is ed to proceed to trial. The result was unfavourable ; he attributable to the marquise, is indeed very doubtful; lost his cause, and beheld with indignation the memory and the conduct of Bolingbroke was not that of a con- of a wife whom he yet mourned branded with infamy. fident lover. The jealousy which actuated his public The Marquis de Matignon, the friend who had calmed conduct appears to have tinged his private character. the violence of his jealousy against M‘Donald, and who Among the acquaintance of the marquise was a Scots. had ever since been connected with him by the ties of man named M.Donald, who held a high (nominal) office friendship, was still in France. To this nobleman Bounder the pretender ; this adventurer, since he was a lingbroke applied to assist him in vindicating the memory handsome man and assiduous in his attentions, Boling of his wife. The marquis entered with ardour upon his broke chose to consider as his rival. Upon this point the commission; an appeal was made to the Parliament of violence of his passion sometimes hurried him into acts Paris and the necessary proof was procured. The deinconsistent with his dignity. While dining with the lays of the French courts, however, prolonged the promarquise at her own liouse, he was so enraged at some ceedings beyond the life of Bolingbroke : it was not attention which M.Donald paid their hostess, that he until after his death that the blot upon the fame of his hurried towards him to chastise his insolence; but in lady was removed. Soon after that event the cause was his hurry and fury he threw down the table at which determined. The sentence of the Chambre des Enquêtes the company were sitting, and appeared, to the great was totally annulled; and Montmorier, the original amusement of his laughter-loving mistress, prostrate claimant, was condemned to refund the money he had among the broken dishes. The Marquis de Matignon, seized in consequence of it."*—vol. ii. pp. 242, 243. who was present, succeeded in accommodating the affair ; but his interference was several times afterwards requir.

But this triumph Bolingbroke was not, as we ed by the same parties.”—vol. ii. pp. 39, 40.

have just heard, permitted to enjoy. A cancer

had attacked his face, and continued slowly to His second lady, for the recovery of certain spread. There was, however, something magnifiproperty in England, visited that kingdom, and cent though dark in the closing scene, as desucceeded in obtaining a pardon for her loid, for scribed in these pages :which he panted.

Let us now look to his character as a writer, and as a private man. He

Against so dreadful an assailant, at Bolingbroke's was a deist, believing in the existence of a God, with him the seeds of a speedy dissolution, but he await

age, surgical aid was vain; he knew that he carried but denying that he ever revealed his will to man, ed its approach with calm and unsubdued stoicism. The and we may safely follow our author when he principles which he had adopted wiile death was yet far says, that like others of his caste, his first object distant, did not in him, as they have done in many others, was to destroy the fabric which had been raised quail before the approach of the king of terrors. The upon the basis of revelation ; and his second to crisis he had long expected at length arrived : the disease erect upon its ruins a system of his own. He is extended itself to the vital parts. In the agonies of death however not a close or methodical reasoner and he was awfully consistent with himself: he rejected impugner, but scatters objections profusely, some- without besitation the proffered offices of a clergyman, times ironically, sometimes abusively, and is more and died as he had always lived, but only latterly avowformidable from the suddenness and frequency of cd hinself

, a deist; affording in his last moments a his attacks than their force. He was more able melancholy proof of his sincerity: in defence than attack, and though there was he died on the 15th of December 1751, in bis seventy.

“ Boling broke survived his lady but twenty months : little novelty in his objections to Christianity, fourth year. His death was hastened by the violence of there was wariness in the choice of his tenets, so an empiric to whose treatment he had submitted him. as to trouble his opponents, as in the doctrine on self. Walpole was killed by a man of the same descripthe nature of the soul, maintaining its materiality tion; and his son mentions it as a singular coincidence

, and denying its immortality. Before passing on that these two men, who had been rivals through life, to the summary given by our author of his cha- should owe their deaths to the same misplaced confidence racter in the various walks of life, we shall glance in ignorant men.”—vol. ii. pp. 244, 245. at the termination of his long and stirring career, which was cheerless, yet splendid. Though in * “ MS. Letter from a Mr. Lee to Mallet, in the British his day honoured as the first citizen in the repub-Museum.”


We have seen that, as a writer, the cotempora- characterises his familiar correspondence: could these ries of Bolingbroke have placed him at the very letters have been written by a man who was habitually head, although posterity, owing in a great measure harassed by the bitterness of disappointed ambition to the subjects of his works being interesting The mask might perhaps bave been preserved in his only to that era, has treated him with neglect

, tained in the unsuspecting interchange of private friend. compared with Swift and Addison.

He was always vivid and elegant. He neither possessed ed ; in his character, as in that of all other men, there

ships? The philosophy of Bolingbroke was not feign. patience, nor applied the labour which Addison were inconsistencies, but he habitually practised what displayed; but he was ready and never common- he taught. The dictates of philosophy were the rule oî place, at least in as far as illustration goes. his life—his occasional deviations from them the excep

“ Bolingbroke's writings are characteristic of himself: tion.”—vol. ii. pp. 273. 274. the style of the author bears a close resemblance to the character of the man. Brilliant and imaginative, manly alluded to ; and we are told, that in practice he

His speculative philosophy has already been and energetic, his power of illustration never renders him frigid or bombastic. His energy never degenerates frequently felt the dreariness of his creed. In into coarseness. There is an clegance in his antithesis his letters he even regrets that his reason should peculiarly his own; and if it occurs sometimes too fre. deprive him of the pleasure of believing that there quently, the nervous sentiment it breathes tempts us to is a future state. The excuse, however, would overlook the traces of art. His words are selecied care. not have been made, we doubt not, had he been a fully, and combined with skill; nor is it easy to convict more zealous, regular, and honest enquirer after him of a tedious or an ill.constructed sentence. But the the truth. As a patron of literature he has been peculiar charm in Bulingbroke's style is the exact and much praised, which proves the openness and nobeautiful propriety of his illustrations. This is cha- bility of his generosities. And his private fe racteristic of all his works, but it is more striking in his also offers much room for admiration as well as earlier productions. Let us take one from the numbers which present themselves : it occurs in his letter to Sir William Windham. The ocean which environs us is Bolingbroke's private, like his public, life offers much an emblem of our government: and the pilot and the subject both for praise and blame. His passions were as minister are in similar circumstances. It seldom happens fiery as his genius ; and in his youth he disdained to that either of them can steer a direct course, and they control the one, or to regulate the other. Although both arrive at their port by means which frequently seem eminently gifted with those shining qualities which cap. to carry them from it. But as the work advances, the tivate and ensnare, he took little pains to improve the conduct of him who leads it on with real abilities clears opportunities he possessed; and his intrigues were up, the appearing inconsistencies are reconciled; and rather numerous than select. He was not very fastidi. when it is once consummated, the whole shows itself so ous in choosing his companions of either sex; but no uniform, so plain, and so natural, that every dabbler in man was more careful in the selection of a friend. politics will be apt to think that he could have done the There were few men whom he ever admitted to this same.' Our language hardly contains an illustration distinction, and of these none ever deserted or betrayed more appropriate in itself, or more elegantly expressed.” | him. The ambition which would allow him to brook no - vol. ii. pp. 263, 264.

equal in the administration of government, prompted

him to domineer in private : his friendship was offered He was splendid rather than solid, and secures only to those whose kindred genius marked them as his our admiration rather than our love. Like the equals, and even by these he could never believe that he statesman of his age, he was too much guided by was loved until he was implicitly obeyed. The estima. merely factious ends. The best interests of the tion in which his friendship was held, appears from the country, were unhesitatingly sacrificed to selfish readiness with which the superiority he assumed was ends. The contest was only for power, and party - conceded : even Pope and Swist owned in him a master. honour occupied the place of principle. We are " His friendship, when once gaived, was warm and willing, as heretofore, to take our author's view of generous; and his correspondence with his two most the character of his hero in another capacity.

peculiar friends contains the most genuine effusions of

that sentiment. As a letter-writer, he stands unrivaled. " In regarding Bolingbroke as a philosopher, we must The biographer of Swift alrcady admits the superior es. carefully separate his practical from his speculative cellence of the letters of. Boling broke. He acknowledges opinions. In the foriner he is generally right, in the that they are written with an elegance and politeness latter as generally wrong. There is a spirit of calmness which distinguish them from those of his illustrious and content breathing throughout his tracts upon practi friends. We sce,' exclaimed Lord Orrery, they were cal philosophy, which delares how well be had studied not intended for the press : but how valuable are the and how deeply he felt the consolations he recommended. most careless strokes of such a pen! Occasionally, indeed, the gusts of his stormy ambilion “ The brilliancy of his conversation was to his om swept across his mind; but their influence was but temporaries a subject of universal admiration : he wani. transient; they passed away, and philosophy resumed ed no accomplishment which could enable him to shine her seal-taught him again to enjoy the present, and to In the senate, he was the most eloquent orator; in the look with indifference upon the past. An enemy has drawing room, the most finished gentleman. To the declared, that all bis philosophy was but feigned; that ordinary accomplishments of his age he added the less he himself was miserable in the retirement which he usual knowledge of the European languages : he spoke made delightful to all who were permitted to share it. Italian with ease and purity, and his perfect skill in The assertion is specious, but unjust. In a mind so con- French has already been noticed. Voltaire says of him, stitutionally restless and ambitious, we wonder rather | Je n'ai jamais entendu parler notre longue arec plus that the strongest self-discipline could have gained for d'énergie et de justesse.' "-vol. ii. pp. 279-281. philosophy any influence at all, than that resentment and regret should sometimes swell within him, and occasion. Thus, in a variety of aspects, Lord Boling. ally burst the fetters by which they had been confined. broke's life furnishes a striking because a very We have already alluded to the air of resignation which contradictory subject of biography. It is one that

From the London Court Journal.


offers the most useful lessons to posterity, whether we regard the bright or the dark side. An ex

FEMALE PARLIAMENTARY INQUISITORS. hibition of errors should act as powerfully in the shape of a warning, as that of virtue and merit attract imitation. Our author's work, upon these

Sir,— Homo sum, et, et cetera ; which, being translated, grounds, is an impressive and instructive addition says very plainly, I am an M.P., and whatsoever M.P's. to biographical literature; while his calm and do, implicates myself. Now, sir, some of them having charitable mode of estimating the character of an which the ladies are to be admitted into our awful pre

been busying themselves in preparing the plan upon eminent man is highly worth y of imitation.

sence,-and they have already laid that plan before the rest of us for adoption-1 avail myself of a gratifying in

terruption of the business before the house, occasioned PHYSICO-MECHANICAL SCIENCE.

by an honourable member rising to speak to order, which The blessings which physico-mechanical science has cannot fail to put a stop to order for the rest of the evenbestowed on society, and the means it has still in store ing—to address myself to you, as the most chivalric and for ameliorating the lot of mankind, have been too little devoted of all the champions of the sex. dwelt upon ; while, on the other hand, it has been accused One of those wicked wags who play off their gunpowof lending itself to the rich capitalists as an instrument der pranks in magazines, has flung a cracker into the just for harassing the poor, and of exacting from the opera- published number of the Neu Monthly, which reports, tive an accelerated rate of work. It has been said, for among other things, that we, the collective independence example, that the steam engine now drives the power of the land, are terribly alarmed at one of the conselooms with such velocity as to urge on their attendant quences of giving admission to the ladies. It is openly weavers at the same rapid pace; but that the hand wea- insinuated that some of us actually devote our evenings ver, not being subjected to this restless agent, can throw to the enjoyments of the club, the green room, and the his shuttle and move his treddles at his convenience. various refuges for the destitute lounger, that abound in There is, however, this difference in the two cases, that the western cxtremity of the metropolis; that we are in in the factory, every member of the loom is so adjusted, all sorts of places, and any where except in the house of that the driving force leaves the attendant nearly nothing commons, where our wives believe us to be, and where at all to do, certainly no muscular fatigue to sustain, they will so soon have an opportunity of finding that we while it procures for him good, unfailing wages, besides are not. a healthy workshop gratis : whereas, the non-factory “Several questions to night, dear Lady Frances, of the weaver, having every thing to execute by muscular exe- first importašice. Lord John has requested my attendcution, finds the labour irksome, makes, in consequence, ance. My constituents have written to me imploring a innumerable short pauses, separately of little account, continuance of my exertions; and, I believe, they intend but great when added together; earns, therefore, propor. to bring me in, at the next election, free of expense-abtionally low wages, while he loses his health by poor diet solutely free of all expense. The country certainly and the dampness of his hovel. Dr. Carbutt, of Man. requires the most unremitting assiduity on the part of its chester, says,

“ With regard to Sir Robert Peel's asser-friends; and really the claims of one's country ought to tion a few evenings ago, that the hand-loom weavers are prevail over our fondest domestic inclinations. I had mostly small farmers, nothing can be a greater mistake; half promised myself the pleasure of accompanying you they live, or rather, they just keep life together, in the to the countess's; but I must deprive myself of the dear most miserable manner, in the cellars and garrets of the indulgence for once. I should never forgive myself if I town, working sixteen or eighteen hours for the merest were to be absent from the house to-night. What would pittance."--Ure's Philosophy of Manufactures

be my reproaches—what would be yours, if I were to suffer the interests of all Europe to be compromised,

through yielding to those natural predilections whichIMPRESSION OF MUSIC ON ANIMALS.

(James, my hat!)—to those promptings of affection and M. Marville has given the following curious details on **** I shall be sure to be home, dearest, the instant this subject. Doubting, he tells us, the truth of those the division takes place.” who say it is natural for us to love music, especially the Such, in a word or two of insinuation, is supposed to sound of instruments, and that beasts themselves are be the after dinner song of many an honourable husband, touched with it, being one day in the country he made as he starts off upon his usual evening voyage of disco. his observations, while a man was playing on a conch very, among the unhallowed pleasures of the theatre, the shell, (trompe inarine,) upon a cat, a dog, a horse, an ass, smoking room, or the card table. Truth is a quality for a hind, cows, small birds, and some barn door fowls in a which, though I have been an M. P. for eleven years, I yard under the window on which he was leaning. He entertain the highest reverencc; and truth forbids me to did not perceive that the cat was in the least affected, and impeach the justice of the surmise. Still it is unfeeling, he even judged by her air that she would have given all if not unjust. Ministers, observed our present home the musical instruments in the world for a mouse, for secretary, upon a certain occasion-ministers are but she slept all the while unmoved in the sun; the horse human. All members of parliament are, I fear, in the stopped short from time to time at the window, raising same predicament. The best among us is but man; and his head up now and then as he was feeding on the grass; what can man do, when a club or a card roo is balanced the dog continued for above an hour seated on his hind against the country? when there is the temptation of a legs, looking steadfastly at the players; and the ass did cigar in one scale, and the interests of a community in not discover the least indication of his being touched, the other? I freely admit that scores of us are in the cating his thistles very peaceably; the hind lifted up her habit of assenting in this way to the doctrine respecting large wide ears, and seemed very attentive; the cows the frailty of the flesh; and that a like number of us may slept a little, and after gazing awhile went forward; some seek to conceal these little innocent delinquencies, by little birds which were in an aviary, and others on trees putting on the cloak of public duty, when we put on our and bushes, almost tore their little throats with singing; hats to quit tire private circle of home. Nay, I can easily bat the cock, minding his hens, and the hens solely em- believe that the dread of being found out by a wife is a ployed in scraping in a neighbouring dunghill, did not far more general terror than the fear of being detected show in any manner that they took the least pleasure in by a constituency; and it is natural to suppose that the hearing the music.-Fuculties of Birds.

success of the motion for admitting the ladies has really VOL. XXVII. NOVEMBER, 1835-62

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excited particular alarm in many quarters, as the effect of | should have been ignorant-strange, 100, that I didn't it promises to be either to put an end at once to these see you!" most comfortable and convenient excuses about the para " Not so very strange, when one was a long way out mount necessity of being at one's post, or to create a risk of sight. The walls of the house are rather thick, and 11 of being followed to the house by one's patriotic partner, is difficult for people outside to see their wives in the gal who, after sitting for five hours in the gallery, ascertains lery.to a certainty that one has preferred the Charybdis of the « Outside! oh, I apprehend your suspicion. So then, club to the Scylla of the senate.

Lady Frances, you really imagine, I see you do-you The scene is then changed upon returning home, an positively suppose, that I have for once, for once in my hour and a half after the wondering and speculative wife life, neglected my parliamentary duties; and that—that has escaped from the gallery.

-well, for once, I have been absent from my post. It's Very long debates, to-night. I thought I never useless to deny it. But, dearest Lady Frances, you are should get home. Nothing very important, after all, but the person of all others from whom I was most solicitous I was compelled to sit every thing out, lest the question to conceal my solitary transgression. A friend-Sir should come on. Very provoking, to think I've lost my Jonas, you know-about that affair of his; he carried me evening. How is the countess? I had hoped for the out of the house at exactly—when did you arrive there ?" pleasure of driving you down to Beulah Spa, before house

“ About half past nine.” time. Disappointed, however! One gets chosen upon

“At exactly lwenty minutes after nine—and he has so many committees."

remorselessly detained me ever since. I was in a deuced Surely, my dear Ernest, you're not in earnest now. rage, and have almost quarreled with him. Well, now, This is merely a jest. Committees! why I never see But I must be up early in the morning, and get excused

to think of your finding me out on the only occasion ! your name among the chosen many in the Morning from those confounded committees; as I am resolved to Herald."

indulge myself to-morrow by driving you to Beulah “ Private bills, madam, and thousands of things that Spa !" the papers take no notice of. The fatigue is dreadful!"

It is possible, sir, that a few such scenes as this might " No doubt; but then you must admit it is a little odd, have followed the adoption of the courteous resolution in that, so invariably as you attend the house in your reso- favour of the ladies, had not the bint of the wicked wag lution to be present upon every division, and so often as I have alluded to been taken, by the ladies' committee, you remain till two in the morning, to avoid imputation even before it was offered. Will it be believed, that that of neglect of duty upon a single occasion, the Morning committee of gallants have taken the utmost pains to Herald never inserts your name in the list of voters, devise a scheme for the deliverance of honourable gentle. whether in the majority or minority. Now, isn't that men from all such dilemmas? Their plan is this : no rather odd ?"

lady can be admitted, save by a ticket to be obtained " Personal pique, perhaps, on the part of the reporter. from the individual member introducing her, who is to I'm very sleepy !"

write her name, with his own annexed, in a book at the “ But then all the reporters agree in the omission... gallery entrance

. These tickets are not transferable, and never find your name in the Morning Post. It is posi- no gentleman can ordinarily introduce more than two tively a conspiracy !"

ladies in the course of a week. The gallery will contain Probably so ; you know the press is not to be de. but twenty-four! Thus, sir, will it be impossible for a pended upon. Their lists are always incorrect.” wife to detect the absence of her husband, for the hus. " But some members write"

band will always have notice of the threatened presence “I hate writing to newspapers : you know I do, Lady of his wife. Her promise of a visit must be registered Frances. How can you suggest such a vulgarity ?” We can search the book for tidings of the approach of

By the by, Ernest, that speech of yours upon the the enemy. No good natured friend can lend himself to sugar duties, the other night,"

our detection, for the tickets of admission are not trans*Speech!

ferable! Is not all this cunningly devised ? More cun“ Yes; don't you remember when you staid so very ningly than courteously, I must acknowledge. What late, in case you should miss an opportunity of delivering the ladies themselves will say to the restricted clauses of your sentiments this session ?”— “Well, Lady Frances !—I'm cruelly exhausted ?"

this pretended bill for gratifying female curiosity, I feas "I never saw that reported, though I believe you spoke be liberal and indulgent towards my erring brethren, I

to guess; but for my own part, with the utmost desire to for more than an hour."

think the plan denotes on the part of its framers a strong “ Didn't you? Strange enough. Oh, it must have sense of their own deviations, and a corresponding alarm appeared!"

at the possibility of detection. Liberty of visiting, clog. "No, believe me; here's the very paper. I looked for ged with such prohibitions, is like emancipation dancing it immediately upon my return home to-night, from— å hornpipe in fetters. It is bardly to be supposed that from-the countess's."

the ladies will condescend to patronise parliament upon “ The paper ! Oh, well, let's see. Not reported! Ha, such terms. The “ boon" is scarcely acceptable to any yes, here it is-here- An honourable member whose but those who think no pleasure so great as that of seek. name we could not learn!!!

ing pleasure in vain. The shabbiness of the restriction “ Indeed !-hum !--But, Ernest, these are not your as to number-only twenty-four-struck me forcibly al sentiments ; I thought you were pledged against”— first; but upon reflection, I freely wave my charge of

“Some mistake of my meaning, I suppose. Perhaps illiberality in that respect. My good nature induces me the reporter was drowsy: I am-confoundedly"

to attribute the proposed slenderness of number to ei. "Really, sir, it is very curious that your name in par-treme diffidence and modesty on the part of the committicular can never be learned by the reporters, and that tee. They rightly conceive, no doubt, that it might be your voice in particular is always inaudible in the gal. difficult in this era of female ascendancy-in this golden

age of the genius of woman, to find more than two dosen “Come, dear Lady Frances, it is quite time to retire. ladies at a time, who would think it at all worth their Was the countess"

while to employ two or three precious hours in listening “I scarcely saw any body. I left immediately, to go to dialogues so very questionable for sense and wil, as the down to the ladies' gallery.'

things which are dignified by the name of " debates" in " The house! You did ! No! How provoking that I lour honourable assembly. And indeed the house will be

lery !"

From the Asiatic Journal.

year 1830.

complimented, if, when female intellect and intelligence so universally prevail, they can by any means induce only four-and-twenty ladies to hearken for a whole even.


There are at present three prisoners of state of very Allow me to assure you, sir, on my own behalf, that I high rank in the Bengal presidency, and it was supposed have not the slightest interest in this question, other than that the refractory Rajah of Joudpore would be destined what arises from my interest for that sex which I consi- 10 make a fourth. The principal personage of this meder to have been mocked by the mere promise of a “re- lancholy triumvirate would excite more compassion, were form.” On my own account, I have nothing to conceal; it not for the treachery and ingratitude which caused and, therefore, I advocate the admission of ladies under him to take up arms against a power with whom he had more gracious and gallant regulations. In fact, sir, I contracted a friendly alliance. While the government court female enquiry into my conduct. I never tell my under Lord Hastings was engaged in the Pindarree war, wife that I am going to vote for economy, when I am the great Mahratta chieftains, Scindiah, Holkar, the going to make one at écarte. I never insist that I must Rajah of Berar, and others of inferior note, combined speak, when I know I mean to smoke. 1. do not oppose together to deprive the British of their empire in India. the printing of authorised lists of the divisions, lest my The peishwa, who, though originally a minister of the frequent absences from the house should be noted, not in Rajah of Satara, was looked up to as the real chief of my borough in the country, but at my house in town. the Mahratta states, agreed to head this confederacy, notMy wife never complains—she cannot. My conduct is withstanding his obligations to his European allies, and exemplary; and, though I have been distinguished from the confidence they reposed in his good faith. Had the my childhood for my modesty, I unpretendingly believe design been executed as adroitly as it was planned, there myself to be the best creature alive. I have not heard a would have been some doubt respecting the issue; but, single murmur at home respecting the constancy and as usual with native princes, there was a want of proper punctuality of my attendance to my partiamentary duties, concert, and of mutual trust. Instead of taking the field for these five years—having become a widower in the simultaneously, they appeared one after the other, and

M. P.

were beaten in detail. The peishwa commenced his aggressions by falling upon a body of Madras troops at Poonah, the capital of his dominions. They made a

gallant defence, holding out for two days against their FONTENELLE.

assailants, who expected an easy prey, and who, disap

pointed by the check they received, and alarmed at its The intimate society of the Hotel de Breteuil, was consequences, were obliged to fly. A large force, howcomposed at most of twenty- habitués, for whom plates ever, rallied round a leader, who was at that time the were daily laid out for supper, according to the custom prop and hope of the Mahratta states, and he kept the of the times and the hospitality of this opulent and ge-grand army, under Lord Hastings, in full employment nerous house. To give you a brief idea of it, it is suffi- during several months. At length, in April 1818, the cient to tell you that my uncle and aunt had, in Paris division commanded by Colonel Adams came up with the only, forty-four domestics. Monsieur Fontenelle came peishwa at a place called Sewnec, where he sustained a there to supper regularly on Thursdays. He was then signal defeat, and he soon afterwards surrendered to Sir forty-five years of age, but one would never have suppos- John Malcolm. He lost all his camp equipage in this ed him to be more than thirty-six. He was a pretty engagement, was obliged to abandon his guns, and an handsome man, five feet eight inches high, with an in. immense quantity of spoil fell into the hands of the vic. telligent look. His countenance was open and eminently tors of that well fought field. Elephants, horses, camels, cheerful. He was the best formed man imaginable ; and, shawls, jewels, weapons, and camp furniture of every though he had acquired the habit of walking bent, all his kind, changed masters upon that day. The readiest and motions were graceful and easy; in a word, his personal most satisfactory mode of appropriating and dividing the appearance was particularly courtly and elegant. I as- plunder taken in battle, is by a sort of drum-head auction, sure you that Fontenelle was benevolence and charity upon the field, in which, besides the great amusement exemplified; he gave yearly a quarter of his income to afforded by bidding for the different lots, the proceeds are the curate of his parish for the poor, and I never heard instantaneously transferred into the pockets of the caphim accused of egotism or insensibility. He related be. tors, who are thus saved the slow process which ever fore me that ridiculous story of the asparagus with oil, precedes a final adjustment, when government takes the but he named it as having happened to a doctor of Sor- affair in band. The most expert dealers in London bonne, and it was forty or fifty years afterwards, when never get such bargains; but if property sold for less Voltaire had the treachery to produce it again, as if Fon. than its real value, the persons who received the benefit tenelle had been its hero. " How can they accuse yon were those who possessed the greatest claim to such an of wanting sensibility, my dear and good Fontenellc ?" advantage. It is amusing to hear military men dilate said my aunt one day to him. " Because I am not yet upon the glories of the Mahratta war, and describe the dead," replied he, smiling. He had the greatest confi- shawls, strings of pearls, and other gauds, which fell to dence in strawberries, in consequence of having regu. their share in combating with an enemy, who seem larly had a fever every spring. He used to say, "if I always to burthen themselves with an immense quantity can reach the scason of strawberries !"-He had the of wealth during the most hazardous campaigns. bappiness to reach it ninety-nine times, and it is to the The conduct of the peishwa was deemed to have been use of strawberries that he always attributed his longe- so base and unjustifiable, that his deposition was detervity.- Memoirs of the Marchioness de Créquy.

mined upon by the ruling powers, and he was therefore detained a prisoner, and sent to a place of confinement,

where his intrigues could no longer endanger the security A COMPLIMENT TAKEN._" How very lovely you look," of the government. said a gallant cavalier to a brilliant dame, at a recent The spot selected for t!e residence of the cx-peishwa fancy ball

. The lady smiled and simpered, and replied, is a small village on the banks of the Ganges, about as she twirled and twisted her jewels, so that the light twelve or fourteen miles above the military station of might shine fitly upon them, “Oh yes! I assure you I've Cawnpore, called Baitoor. Though placed under con. got on thirty thousand pounds!" And so she had, and straint, he is not strictly confined, and has every indul. was fairly worth that sam.

gence that the most liberal enemy could grant, consistent

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