« 上一頁繼續 »
Gagi, our traveller took a liberty with the chief, that it was painful to be behind him in generosity. Have which elsewhere would have exposed him to ing no suitable articles to spare, such as a gun, pistols, danger.
or a watch, the most proper gifts to a Turk of his rank, I
could only beg his acceptance of a few trifles,-a new “ I walked into his harem without ceremony, and chat. patent powder-Hask and belt, a bag of English shot, a ted with his wives and female slaves. Some of them good English penknise, and a silver watch-guard." were very beautifully formed; and being almost naked, they displayed finely shaped busts, and, I may say, al. The bey is superior to many of the prejudices most perfect symmetry of shape; their features very re- of his nation and creed; his mode of patronising gular, and their full dark cycs exceedingly expressive. the fine arts, however, is altogether Turkish. The little drapery worn by them is adjusted with great taste, and they possess a natural ease of manner, neither "I complained to the bey yesterday, that, on account bashful nor yet too forward, which is very engaging. of the prejudices of the people, we were unable to draw The slaves are employed in making basket-work, and the any of the costumes of the country. The bey very coolly wives reposing on their angarecbs. I could not, in declared, that whoever dared to refuse, he would cut off Egypt, have taken the liberty of entering a harem in this his head! Though this summary order was coolly remanner; but here, apparently, more freedom is permit. ceived in the divan, we did not hesitate to avail ourselves ted, for they did not seem at all offended ; on the con- of it, and iminediately set to work, and drew the portraits trary, they gave me as much encouragement as I could of all the dignitaries of consequence at his court." desire. They examined my arms, and dress, and were profuse in their admiration of my beard, and in exclama.
We have to thank this energetic patron of paintLions—as, Odjaib, whallah! wonderful, God is great! but ing for four very admirable portraits, taken by he is a tall man,' The sheakh was smoking under the Bandoni, the artist who accompanied Mr. Hosshade of some doum trees. He saw me enter, hut had kins; they are full of life and vigour, and would the politeness not to interfere.”
afford almost as good a treat to physiognomists as At El Makarrif, the capital of the ancient king- the sight of the originals; rarely, indeed, have we dom, now the Turkish province, of Berber, Mr. seen portraits in which character is so strongly Hoskins was hospitably entertained by the bey; this worthy bey, who is an especial favourite of
marked. We must extract two more anecdotes of who did not, like other provincial governors, on his generosity, and make presents in hope of an extravagant return. There is an earnestness “In our tent, yesterday, we took the figure and costand simplicity in the bey's character that con ume of a Bishareen boy, about eighteen, whose father, a trasts strangely with the barbarous pomp by which powerful shcakh, had attempted to excite a revolt against he is surrounded. He invited Mr. Hoskins to a the pacha. Not being successful, he fled, and his son Turkish entertainment, and spoke with him freely was detained in prison until the father paid a fine of 250 on a great variety of subjects.
camels. By way of a jest, though a barbarous onc, which
I should not have allowed had I known of it, the bey “ Afterwards, the conversation turning upon animals, and his officers told the poor boy that we were to cut off he showed me the skin of a pet lion, that he had killed his head, being Turks deputed from Cairo for that special because it had destroyed a sheep. I happened to appear purpose. He sat down on the ground in the attitude pleased with it, when he instantly made me accept it. represented, with his head turned on one side, and reHe then sent for a beautiful little monkey, of the grey mained motionless, in the same position, nearly three capuchin kind, with which he also presented me. I took quarters of an hour. We remarked that we had never it into my special protection, and christened it with the had a subject who sat so patiently. When we had finishname uppermost in my thoughts, namely, Meroë; and ed, we told him he might get up, making him, at the many a weary mile, till my return to Thebes, did it be same time, a small present; when, with a look of bewilguilé me with its mischievous gambols on my camel. dercd delight, be told us how differently he expected to When I rose to take leave, the bey said he would ac. have been treated, and that he had been awaiting cvery company me to my tent, and then ordered me a fine moment the stroke of the sabre. large panther's skin, on which he had been sitting. He " In the evening, when we were with the bey, he sent did not give me these, as the Turks in general make for the poor youth, and frightened him again by telling presents, with the expectation of receiving others more him that, by virtue of the drawing we had made, we had valuable; for I told him, on receiving the first, that I a magical power over him, and should transport him had not contemplated making this journey when I left with us into our own country. He opened his mouth Europe, and had therefore nothing with me to offer him. aghast, asked every body if it were true, and seemed He replied, “All Turks are not the same; there are struck with horror at the idea of never again seeing his good and bad of every nation : these are trifles; tell mne native deserts. He addressed his enquiries particularly how I can be of real service to you; and the only return to Sheakh Seyd, who, as chief of the Ababdes, he did not I wish is, that you think well of me when you go to your think capable of deceiving him; but I verily believe own country. He privately enquired of my dragoman many of the meliks and chiefs present, who affected to if we were in wani of candles, sugar, coffee, of another join in the laugh, really had doubts and misgivings that tent, or anything else. Although we wanted nothing, we such, in truth, was the necromantic power of our pencils, duly appreciated his kind intention. The style in which and particularly of the camera lucida, with which I drew he came to my tent, and went to and from his harem several of them. My artist took the bey's likeness, at every day, will give some idea of the state kept up in his own particular desire ; I conceive, for one of his fa. these provincial governments. He was preceded by his vourites. He was very well satisfied with the repreguards, armed with guns; then by four cowhasses, bcat- sentation of his figure, rich costume, his sword and ing their massive silver-headed sticks on the ground, La accoutrements, and of the fierceness of his mustachios; substitute for music : the bey himself then followed, on but he did not understand the shading, and begged my foot or on his charger, having behind him six other artist' to take away those black things. Before leaving guards, with guns, and a crowd of perhaps twenty ser- Makkarif, the bey showed me round the indigo and hide vants. I was at a loss what return to make for bis liber. manufactories belonging to the government. I parted ality: he had really shown himself such a fine fellow, from him with some regret, for hc is decidedly the best
Turk I have ever known; and it was a great pleasure for I often interior courts: the streets are wide, and there are a few days to meet with such courtesy in these wild re- in the town several open spaces, or squares, some of gions of interior Africa.”
which are used as market places." But, even this governor is as tyrannical and Slaves and cattle appear to be the principal cruel to the provincials as the rest of his brethren; articles of commerce at Shendy: our traveller he even boasted of an act equally atrocious and fortunately was there on a market-day, and had perfidious, which, however, custom has rendered thus an opportunity of observing the state of sufficiently familiar to the deputies of Mohammed trade:Ali.
“ The most valuable articles offered for sale were ca. " The government finds always great difficulty in col. mels, dromedaries, and slaves. The price of a male lecting their tribute. • We generally send,' said the bey, negro is from 10 to 20 dollars: they are preferred young, “two soldiers at a time. If they are murdered, it is of being then more docile and less lethargic than at a ma. no great consequence! for two men it would be absurd turer age. Female slaves, when old, are valued accord. to lay waste a whole province; but if we sent twenty or
ing to iheir acquirements; when young, being destined thirty, and they were destroyed, it would create great for the harein, they rank according to their personal alarm, and be a serious loss out of my small force of 400 attractions, and vary from 30 to 100 dollars. Abyssini. cavalry. Once,' said he, with an air of triumph, “I was
ans, when young and beautiful, as they often are, bring there with a large retinue, when a greatly superior num
from 60 to 100 dollars. Camels were selling for 9 and ber of Bishareen attacked us, during the night, as is 10 dollars each,—the best 12 and 14; dromedaries, 12 always their custom. Nine of my nien fled at the first and 20; and even 50 dollars for a high bred Bishareen. onset, and falling into the hands of the enemy, were im. There was a great show of oxen with humps on their mediately massacred. We resisted and escaped, but it shoulders, like those of ancient Egypt, as they are always caused great terror among my troops. Soon after we represented on the walls. There were also sheep and avenged the death of my nine brave fellows in our usual goats in the bazaar: the sheep, 6 to 9 piastres (Is. 6d. to
We enticed to this place many of the Bisha. 28. 3d.), skin included. The price of the goats, if they reen engaged in this affair by a promise of pardon; then yield much milk, 10 piastres (28. 6d.). I remarked seve. we enclosed them in one of our fortified houses, and put ral peasants selling a coarse common kind of goat's-milk them to death.'"
cheese, for which there apparently a .great demand.
The Cairo merchants bring a variety of articles; white Meroë, according to the description given of it cotton dresses; cutlery of a very interior quality, such by our author, must have been the royal cemetery as two-penny knives, or razors, which sell here for fiveof the kings of ancient Ethiopia. He thus describes pence; soap; Abyssinian coffee (very good); beads; the impression produced by the first appearance of shells; small glass mirrors; kohì (antimony), to tint this “city of the dead":
their eye-lids, and hennah to colour the hands of the
swarthy beauties; and a variety of spices and essences. “Never were my feelings more ardently excited than
, Their manner of dealing is peculiar. When I asked in approaching, after so tedious a journey, to this mag. the price of a camel, (for I thought of buying some for nificent Necropolis. The appearance of the pyramids in my journey homewards,) they would not naine one, but the distance announced their importance; but I was asked me how much I would give. I made an offer for gratified beyond my most sanguine expectations, when I a dromedary to a man, who refused it, but still declined found myself in the midst of them. The pyramids of saying how much he would demand. I soon gave up Geezah are magnificent, wonderful from their stupendous such a tedious process of making a bargain. I observed magnitude; but for picturesque effect and elcgance of some good specimens of the Shendyan beauties. They architectural design, I infinitely prefer those of Meroë. have their hair twisted in tresses and hanging down on I expected to find few such remains here, and certainly each side of their faces; their dress is of coarse matenothing so imposing, so interesting, as these sepulchres, rials, but flowing, graceful, and generally adjusted with doubtless of the kings and queens of Ethiopia. I stood much taste and elegance." for some time lost in admiration. From every point of view I saw magnificent groups, pyramid rising behind Going southwards from Shendy, Mr. Hoskins pyramid, while the dilapidated state of many did not and his little caravan were exposed more than render them less interesting, though less beautiful as once to danger from the lions that abound in that works of art. I easily restored them in my imagina. district. We shall quote one of these incidents, tion; and these effects of the ravages of tiine carried which occurred near the ruins of Wady el Owaback my thoughts to more distant ages."
taib : The description of these monuments belongs to “I had not been long asleep, during the watch of my the antiquarian part of our subject: passing them servants and artist, when was suddenly roused. The over for the present, we shall accompany our Turk had seen two lions among the ruins, within 100 traveller to Shendy, the capital of a once import- yards of my tent, and had fired his gun to frighten them ant province, and the inheritor of the remains of away. I immediately ordered additional fires to be the commerce of Meroë. Burckhardt's account lighted; shortly afterwards the peasant, who had advisof it led us to overrate its importance; from Mr. ed us against encamping here, came to us for protection. Hoskins' description, it appears never to have By the light of the moon he had perceived the approach been worthy of much notice :
of two lions, which, he said, were behind him in the
plain. I went a short distance from my tent, with the “ Any of the little towns in lower and upper Egypt Turk, to reconnoitre, and I heard them roaring at no have ten times more the appearance of a metropolis. considerable distance. The roar soon became very disThe houses are little better than mere hovels ; there are tinct, even in my tent, but it did not prevent my falling no shops, no cafés : the country in the immediate vi. asleep, as I was dreadfully fatigued by the previous day's cinity is wretchedly barren. The town may now contain work, the long watch I had made, and the excessive 600 or 700 houses, and not more than 3000 or 3500 in- heat. This was yesterday extraordinary for the season, habitants. The dwellings are not crowded together, as being 110° in the shade (of the temple), though the exin the villages of Egypt; they are spacious, and have treme has been hitherto 98o and 100°. I slept the re
mainder of the night. This morning we found that the of the Arab tribes. This warlike race alone never bent four lions had rambled all over the ruins, and their traces their knees to the great sultan of Sennaar. It is iinpossi. were quite fresh in every part. They had evidently ble to convey to the reader an adequate idea of the power been deterred only by our fires from attacking us. I these daring warriors once possessed. The name of a uscertained them, by their footsteps, to be two males and Shageea was a host in itself. I have been repeatedly two females; one of the males must have bcen very assured, that a single horseman has often been known large, the females much smaller.”
to alight at a peasant's hut, order the owner to hold his This incident of course led to the narration of horse, whilst he entered into his very haren, ato with
his wives, and often, it is said, still more shamefully several anecdotes by the Arab guides, some of abused his power. Death or slavery was the fate of the which are curious as marking the dash of chivalry meleks of the neighbouring tribes who dared to offend that always mingles with Arab superstitions: them. Mounted on their dromedaries or horses, armed
“ The Arabs tell some singularly superstitious tales of with lances, swords, and shields, they scoured the prothe generosity of the lion. The following has been re- vince, sweeping away the herds, massacreing all who lated to me as a fact by different peasants ; but I must had the courage to resist, and carrying away men, woconfess that, like the generality of Arab tales, it partakes men, and children into captivity. War was their sole of the marvellous; yet, perhaps, with a mélange of fable
, Mothers appeased the cries of their infants by the sight
cry to arms their most welcome sound. there may be some kind of foundation of truth. They of a spear; and the lovely maiden only yielded her hand say, that when the lion scizes the cow of a peasant; he to the distinguished warrior. Their exploits are the will permit the owner to carry away a portion; particu. theme of many a song; and other tribes seem to have larly if he asks for it in the name of his mother, wife, or family, and takes it without showing any fear.”
forgotten their wrongs in admiration of the bravery of
their oppressors. The blessings of peace, agriculture, Professor Heeren contends, that the ruins of and domestic repose, were considered irksome by these El Owataib are the ancient 'Ammonium; Mr. proud warriors. They obstinately and gallantly resisted Hoskins assigns some strong reasons for coming the invasion of the pacha, till they found it vain, with to a different conclusion, which we shall examine their lances and sabres, to contend against fields of artil
. hereafter. It is to be regretted that our traveller lery and disciplined troops armed with the musket. Un. did not penetrate to the ruins of El Macaurat, against Melek Nimr and the Shendyans, who were also
derstanding that the pacha was going to make war which have been, as yet, very imperfectly describ- their enemies, they joined his troops, and gradually came ed, but from want of water, he was forced to completely under subjection to him. The government, return to Shendy. Here the Katshef entertained however, treats them with some respect. As I have him with an exhibition of the old mameluke ex- stated before, a Shageea regiment is still in the pacha's ercise, which seems to be even more animated service, and engaged in the war against the Negroes, at than the famous El Jerrid of the Turks.
the southern extremity of his kingdom." After passing the Bahiouda desert, Mr. Hoskins visited the great ruins at Gibel el Berkel, a little reached Dongolah ; and, notwithstanding his pre.
Pursuing his course northwards, Mr. Hoskins below the fourth cataract of the Nile. These vious accounts of the wretchedness he had witmagnificent remains lead to the discussion of nessed, we did not expect to learn that the some important questions in the history of civilis- metropolis of a district so frequently mentioned ation and the arts, to which we shall return; at in history could have presented such a miserable present, we must confine ourselves to the state of aspect as he describes :the country and its inhabitants:
“ Part of the town is in ruins. The desert has entered “ To give the reader an idea of the present state of fer. into its streets : many of the houses are entirely covered tility of this country, notwithstanding that the desert has with sand, and scarcely an inhabitant is to be seen. One enormously encroached on the cultivated land, the fol. might have thought that some dreadful convulsion of lowing particulars may not be uninteresting :—The kat. nature, or some pestiter.tial disease, had swept away the shef of Meroueh commands as far as Wanly, down the population. Part of the city is, indeed, remaining, but river, one day by land, about thirty miles; and up the until I entered the houses, not a human being did I meet river as far as Berber, two days by land. Within this with. I observed some houses in the town, of a superior small extent, over which only the banks of the Nile are appearance, having divisions of rooms, galleries, and cultivated, there are 1368 water-wheels, which pay to courts, and evidently belonging to individuals once rich; the government twenty dollars each, that is, 27,360 dol- but they are now almost all deserted. In some of them lars; besides which, the government gain considerably that we entered I saw some good-looking women: the men by obliging the peasants to plant indigo, which they were idling away the day smoking and sleeping. Such purchase from them at twelve piastres the cantar. They is the scene of desolation and inactivity which now pre. have calculated that they make 190 drachms of indigo sents itself to the traveller at Dongolah.” from each cantar. Under the government of Dongolah, there are five manufactories of indigo,-Merouch, Han.
The slave-trade flourishes in Egypt, and the dek, Hatfeer, Dongolah Agous, and El Ourde. The cruelty of the dealers in this horrid traffic is as manufactory here produces 1816 okres * every year, and great by land as it was by sea. is now increasing. The peasants are unwilling to culii. vate this plant, as the labour is very great ; and they do the manner in which they were clogged, to prevent
“ I saw this evening a number of slaves going to Cairo. not consider the price they receive a sufficient remu. their escaping or rebelling against their owners, was disneration.
“The Shagcca who cultivate this district, are less op. graceful and revolting in ihe extreme. Each slave wore pressed than their neighbours: they are, as Burckhardi a clog made of a wooden pole, four feet long, with a and Waddington have remarked, considered the bravest collar, of a triangular form, large enough to admit his
head: this triangular collar rests upon their shoulders,
and is so contrived with straps, that it is impossible for The okre consists of 2 3-4 rotles, or pounds of 12 them to throw it off. When they walk, they are obliged ounces ; and 150 rotles, or pounds, make a cantar. to carry it before them; and at night their hands are tied
to the centre of the pole, and their feet to the bottom of poses most enormous taxes upon every article of produce, it. The owners of the slaves showed me, with the ma- but obliges them to cultivate what he chooses, and take licious grin of fiends, the effects of the cords, and the the price he offers for the produce. He is the only purweight of the machine on the hands, necks, and legs of chaser of the grain, cotton, and indigo, and of the gum their victims. They confessed that they were often obliged Lof Kordofan, ostrich feathers, and other articles. Slaves to free their slaves entirely from this torture, in order are almost the only commodity the merchants now are to preserve their lives: I saw several in this situation, allowed to take in exchange for the manufactures they who seemed to have suffered severely from being previ- .carry to Sennaar and Kordofan : even wild animals of ously loaded with this machine.”
the desert, as the giraffe, are a monopoly of the govern.
ment.” New Dongolah is described as superior to most of the cities on the upper Nile; the Ababde Arabs,
But Mohammed Ali is not the only scourge of in whose district it stands, seem more civilised this unfortunate racethan the other tribes; they retain their national “ Each soldier is a little tyrant, and commits a series love of imaginative fiction, and Mr. Hoskins has of gross and petty vexations inconceivable to a European. given a translation of a Dongolah tale, recited by Of the many I have witnessed, I will give only a few an Ababde girl of thirteen, which Schahriar would specimens :-If the soldier wants a sheep, fowls, eggs, or gladly have heard from the mouth of Schehera- any other article, he obliges the peasant to sell them at zade.
half the market price, and not unfrequently refuses to pay After having visited the colossal antiquities in any thing at all. When becalined on the river, he gues the island of Argo, Mr. Hoskins was preparing to on shore, and forces ten, and sometimes twenty, natives
to drag his boat, without any remuneration. If he meets continue his route homewards, when he was alarmed by the news of a dangerous revolt in the himself to half without
paying for it, unless with a sa
butter, he often helps
a peasant girl carrying milk or province of Mahas. The history of this brief lute; and woe betide the imprudent sheahk or peasant rebellion is a sad illustration of the system of who refuses to give gratuitously the best his house provincial government; it was provoked by op-affords, or neglects the horse or camel of the Turk or pression, and suppressed by perfidy. The regular soldier who has taken up his quarters for the night at troops were equal in number to the insurgents; his house. If camels or donkeys are wanted, they must and, though well supplied with arms and ammu- furnish them, and consider themselves fortunate if they nition, narrowly escaped defeat from peasants, get any trifle in return. The haughty manner of the whose weapons are thus described :
conquerors is still more galling to the Arabs : their usual
manner of addressing them is, •Kelp, Marhas."— Dog! “ About 150 of the Mahas had guns, but very bad villain! Do this! do that! quick! quick; cursed be ones, mostly matchlocks, and they were very ill supplied your race!' with threats of a beating, even actual blowe, with ammunition. They were variously armed: some and sometimes with the sole of the shoe, which is the with lances, shields, German swords; while others had greatest indignity that a Mahomedan can receive. only swords made of the acacia wood, about four feet “ Men whose ancestors have been chiefs in the country long, rounded at one end for the hand, the rest cut thin, for ages, must now submit to the insolence and contumely flat, and sharpened at both sides,-a heavy but formida- of this vile and lawless soldiery. From negligence, the ble weapon in the hands of an athletic Arab. Others latter often do not demand thč tax on the water-wheels had staves only. Sentences in Arabic were written by for some time; then, all at once, they appear, calling out the fakeers, on the wooden swords and staves; on some · Pay me tomorrow, or the bastinado! The peasant, of them lines from the Koran: the most common were, not being allowed sufficient time to raise the money, is • May God give me force to destroy my enemies!' May obliged to suffer this degrading punishment, and often my foes tremble before me!'. . May the acacia sword be even have his ears nailed to a board. Being at a disas the sharp steel in ing hand! I have seen a staff simi- tance, perhaps, from the seat of government, or large larly shaped in the muscunn at Berlin, with hieroglyphics market towns, he has no opportunity of selling his proon it; the latter I could not examine, as it was on a duce; nevertheless, with double the value of the sum shelf, at too great a distance to be read.”
required in effects, he has to undergo a disgraceful pun.
ishment, because he has no dollars. It may appear strange that peasants, thus mise
“ The Mahas who revolled had not paid the governrably provided, would dare to resist a strong mili- ment for some time. The 'mahmoor sent a villanous tary government; but Mr. Hoskins informs us, Turk into their province, with the instruments of torture, that they are so cruelly oppressed, as to be reck- who immediately began bastinadoing them, nailing their less of danger or death. The only wonder is, ears, and threatening to cut off their hcads, if they did that men, so ground down by exactions, are ever not pay him. He visited Melek Backeet, who owed a quiet.
considerable sum to the government, and told him that, “ If the peasants did not actually steal from their own of torture would be inflicted upon him. The Mabas
if he did not pay his taxes in a few days, every species fields, in some places, they could not exist. Although manufacture strong linen cloth, which is very much es. they bury their grain under ground, and by various other teemed throughout all the valley of the Nile. Being at a methods deceive their oppressors, numbers perish from distance from the capital, and thus unable to command the want of sufficient nourishment and clothing. I have an immediate sale, at least for the large quantity on hand, seen them, in winter, assembled in a corner, round a they tendered it in part of their taxes. The government miserable fire, shivering with cold and hunger. In the refused, though the transaction would have been very most favoured clime under heaven, and the most pro- advantagcous to them, the linen being offered at a price ductive country on the face of the earth, a vast proportion much lower than it sells for in the bazaar of Dongolah. of the peasants may be said barely to exist upon food Melek Backeet, therefore, excited the revolt, preferring more calculated for cattle than for human beings, and, death to the ignominious punishment with which he was bad as it is, they have rarely enough.
threatened.” “ The pacha has power sufficient to hold them in subjection, and by his extortions fills his coffors; but ne. Having arrived on the Egyptian frontiers, Mr. cessity alone induces them to submit. He not only im. Hoskins concludes his narrative with some gene
ral directions to future travellers, which deserve attention.
"Well supplied with rice, good biscuit, and meat, the traveller may live tolerably well, even in the deserts. Since I left Thebes, four months and a half ago, I have passed two deserts of eight days each, and many small ones, and generally been in a miserable country, yet I have only been one day without fresh meat, and that by accident. To court privations is as great folly as to fear them when they arrive, and not submit to them cheer. fully when requisite. I am certain that wine and spirit. uous liquors are injurious in this climate. During the whole of this journey, water has been my only beverage; and, on the whole, I have enjoyed very tolerable health, considering the excessive heat, and the many annoyances and delays, still more injurious in this climate than the fatiguing pace of the camel. The desert life has also another charm; it is gratifying to see how, when treated as men, the Arabs become attached to you. If they bave any quarrel between each other, a word from the traveller makes them silent."
Here we take our leave of the traveller.
From Tait's Edinburgh Magazine. TRADITIONARY BALLADS.
BY MARY HOWITT.
"Oh, the millor, how he will laugh,
When he secs the mill-dam rise !
Till the tears fill both his eyes!'
That sounded over the hill,
And blew so sharp and shrill :-
Away from every horn;
From the blind old widow's corn! ""Oh, the poor, blind old widow
Though she has been blind so long,
And the corn stands stiff and strong !'
And flung it down from the Low· And this,' said they, by the sun-rise,
In the weaver's croft shall grow! 11. Oh, the poor,
All full of flowers by night! " And then upspoke a brownie,
With a long beard on his chin• I have spun up all the tow,' said he,
"And I want some more to spin. “I've spun a piece of hempen cloth,
And I want to spin another-
And an apron for her mother!"
And I laughed out loud and free;
There was no one left but me.
The mists were cold and gray,
That round about me lay.
I heard, afar below,
And how merry the wheel did go! “ And I peep'd into the widow's field;
And, sure enough, was seen
All standing stiff and green.
To see if the flax were high;
With the good news in his eye! « Now, this is all I heard, mother,
And all that I did see;
For I'm tired as I can be !"
A MIDSUMMER LEGEND.
THE FAIRIES OE THE CALDON-LOW.
And where have you been from me?" " I've been at the top of the Caldon-Low,
The Midsummer night to see !" * And what did you see, my Mary,
All up on the Caldon-Low ?" "I saw the blithe sunshine come down,
And I saw the merry winds blow." * And what did you hear, my Mary,
All up on the Caldon-Hill ?" " I heard the drops of the water made,
And the green corn ears to fill." "Oh, tell me all, my Mary
All, all that ever you know;
Last night on the Caldon-Low.”
And listen, mother of mine :
And the harpers they were nine. "And merry was the glee of the harp-strings,
And their dancing feet so small;
Was merrier far than all !"
That you did hear them say ?" "I'll tell you all, iny mother
But let me have my way! " And some, they played with the water,
And roll'd it down the bill; * And this,' they said, 'shall speedly turn
The poor old miller's mill; **For there has been no water
Ever since the first of May ;
By the dawning of the day!
PERU.—The best part of Peru is as yet, it may be said, unknown. The riches it contains are immense ; but to secure and turn them to account will require energy and exertion, and some encouragement from the rulers. The Bolivian government is now extending this encouragement, offering grants of land to adventurers and considerable premiums for the establishment of steam-boats on the rivers.-- Journ. Geo. Soc. vol. v. p. 1.