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Pro. Hey, Mountain, hey!
And deeper than did ever plummet sound, Ari. Silver ! there it goes, Silver!
I'll drown my book.
(Solemn music.) Pro. Fury, Fury! there, Tyrant, there! hark, Re-enter ARIEL: after him ALONSO, with a frantic hark! (Cal. Ste. and Prin. are driven out.
gesture, attended by GONZALO; SEBASTIAN and Go, charge my goblins that they grind their joints ANTONIO in like manner, attended by ADRIAN With dry convulsions; shorten up their sinews and FRANCISCO : they all enter the circle which With aged cramps ; and more pinch-spotted make Prospero had made, and there stand charmed; Than pard, or cat o' mountain.
(them, which Prospero observing, speaks. Ari.
Hark, they roar. A solemn air, and the best comforter Pro. Let them be bunted soundly. At this hour To au unsettled fancy, cure thy brains, Lie at my mercy all mine enemies:
Now useless, boild within thy skull! There stand, Shortly shall all my labours end, and thon
For you are spell-stopp'd. Shalt have the air at freedom: for a little,
Holy Gonzalo, honourable man, Follow, and do me service.
[Exeunt. Mine eyes, even sociable to the shew of thine, ACT V.
Fall fellowly drops. The charm dissolves apace;
And as the morning steals upon the night, SCENE I.–Before the Cell of Prospero. Melting the darkness, so their rising senses Enter PROSPERO in his magic robes; and Ariel. Begin to chase the ignorant fames that mantle
Their clearer reason.-O my good Gonzalo, Pro. Now does my project gather to a head :
My true preserver, and a loyal sir
To him thou follow'st; I will pay thy graces
Home, both in word and deed.--Most cruelly You said our work should cease.
Didst thou, Alonso, use me and my danghter :
Thy brother was a furtherer in the act; Pro.
I did say so, When first I rais'd the tempest. Say, my spirit,
Thou’rt pinch'd for't now, Sebastian.-Flesh and
You brother mine, that entertain'd ambition, [blood, How fares the king and his?
Expell d remorse and nature; who, with Sebastian, Ari.
Confind together (Whose inward pinches therefore are most strong.) In the same fashion as you gave in charge;
Would here have killed your king; I do forgive thee, Just as you left them, sir; all prisoners
Unnatural though thou art !-Their understanding In the lime grove, which weather-fends your cell; Begins to swell, and the approaching tide They cannot budge, till you release. The king, Will shortly fill 'the reasonable shores, His brother, and yours, abide all three distracted; That now lie foul and muddy. Not one of them, And the remainder mourning over them,
That yet looks on me, or would know me :--Ariel, Brim-full of sorrow, and dismay ; but chiefly Fetch' me the hat and rapier in my cell; (Exit An Him you term’d, sir, The good old lord Gonzalo; I will dis-case me, and myself present, His tears run down his beard, like winter's drops As I was sometime Milan :--quickly, spirit; From eaves of reeds : your charm so strongly works Thou shalt ere long be free.
(pero. That if you now be held them, your affectious (them, Ariel re-enters singing, and helps to attire ProsWould become tender.
Ari. Where the bee sucks, there suck I;
In a cowslip's bell I lie :
There I couch when owls do cry.
On the bat's back I do fly,
After summer, merrily: Of their afflictions ? and shall not myself,
Merrily, merrily, shall I live now, One of their kind, that relish all as sharply,
Under the blossom that hangs on the bough. Passion as they, be kindlier mov'd than thou art ?
Pro. Why,that's my dainty Ariel: I shall miss thee; Though with their high wrongs, I am struck to the
But yet thou shalt have freedom: 80, so, 80.Yet, with my nobler reason gainst my fary (quick, To the king's ship, invisible as thou art : Do I take part: the rarer action is
There shalt thou find the mariners asleep
Being awake, enforce them to this place;
Ari. I drink the air before me, and retum And they shall be themselves.
Or e'er your palse twice beat. Ari.
I'll fetch them , sir. (Exit. Gon. All torment, trouble, wonder, and amazement Pro. Ye elves of hills, brooks, standing lakes, and Inhabits here. Some heavenly power guide us And ye, that on the sands with printless foot [groves, Out of this fearful country! Do chase the ebbing Neptune, and do fly him,
Behold, sîr king When he comes back; you demi-puppets, that The wronged duke of Milan, Prospero : By moon-shine do the green-sour ringlets make, For more assurance that a living prince Whereof the ewe not bites ; and you, whose pastime Does now speak to thee, I embrace thy body; Is to make midnight inushrooms; that rejoice And to thee, and thy company, I bid To hear the solemn curfew; by whose aid
A hearty welcome. (Weak masters though ye be,) 'I have be-dimm'd Alon.
Whe'r thou beest he, or Do, The noon-tide sun, call d forth the mutinous winds, Or some enchanted trifle to abuse me, And 'twixt the green sea and the azur'd vault As late I have been, I not know: thy pulse Set roaring war; to the dread rattling thunder Beats, as of flesh and blood ; and since I saw thee, Have I given fire, and rifted Jove's stout oak The affliction of my mind amends, with wbich, With his own bolt: the strong-bas'd promontory I fear, a madness beld me: this must crave Have I made shake; and by the spars plack'd up (An if this be at all,) a most strange story. The pine and cedar: graves, at my command, Thy dukedom I resign; and do entreat (pero Have waked their sleepers; oped, and let them forth Thou pardon me my wrongs :-But how should ProsBy my so potent art. But this rough magic
Be living, and be here? There abjure: and, when I have requir'd
First, noble friend, Some heavenly music, (which even dow I do,) Let me embrace thine age; whose honour cannot To work mine end upon their senses, that
Be measur'd or confin'd. This airy charm is for, I'll break my staff,
Whether this be, Bury it certain fathoms in the earth,
Or be not, I'll not swear
You do yet taste Your eld'st acquaintance cannot be three hours : Some sabtilties o' the isle, that will not let you Is she the goddess that hath sever'd us, Believe things certain.-Welcome, my friends all :- And brought us thus together ? But you, my brace of lords, were I so minded, Fer.
Sir, she's mortal; (Aside to Seb. and Ant.) But, by immortal Providence, she's mine ; I bere could plack his highness' frown upou you, I chose her, when I could not ask my father And justify you traitors; at this time
For his advice; nor thought I had one : she 11 tell no tales.
Is daughter to this famous duke of Milan, Seb. The de vil speaks in him. (Aside.) | Of whom so often I have heard renown, Pro.
But never saw before ; of whom I have
This lady makes him to me.
I am her's ;
Must ask my child forgiveness !
There, sir, stop; Give us particulars of thy preservation :
Let us not burden our remembrances How thou hast met us here, who three hours since, With a heaviness that's gone. Were wreck'd upon this shore ; where I have lost, or should have spoke ere this. Look down, you gods,
I have inly wept, How sharp the point of this remembrance is ! My dear son Ferdinand.
And on this couple drop a blessed crown;
I am woe fort, sir. For it is you, that have chalk'd forth the way
I say, Amen, Gonzalo! Pro. I rather think,
Gon. Was Milan thrust from Milan, that his issue Fou have not songht her help; of whose soft grace Should become kings of Naples ? O, rejoice For the like loss, I have ber sovereign aid,
Beyond a common joy; and set it down
With gold on lasting pillars: in one voyage
Did Claribel her husband find at Tunis;
And Ferdinand, her brother, found a wife, To make the dear loss, have I 'means mach weaker Where he himself
was lost ; Prospero his
dukedom, Then you may call to comfort you; for 1
In a poor isle : and all of us, ourselves,
When no man was his own.
Alon. Give me your hands : (To Fer. and Mir.) 0 heavens! that they were living both in Naples.
Let grief and sorrow still embrace his heart, The king and queen there! that they were, I wish
That doth not wish you joy!
Be't so! Amen!
amazedly following. At this encounter do so much admire,
O look, sir, look, sir; here are more of us !
This fellow could not drown.-Now, blasphemy,
Hast thou no mouth by land ? What is the news? That I am Prospero, and that very duke
Boats. The best news is, that we have safely found Such was thrast forth of Milan; who most strangely Our king and company; the next, our ship, pon this shore,where you were wreckd, was landed, Which, but three glasses since, we gave out split, to be the lord on't. No more yet of this; for tis a chronicle of day by day,
Is tight, and yare, and bravely rigg'd,' as when
We first put out to sea. Not a relation for a breakfast, nor
Sir, all this service befitting this first meeting. Welcome, sir ; Have I done since I went.
) his cell's my coart : here have I few attendants,
Pro. kad subjects none abroad: pray you, look in. ly dakedom since you have given me again,
Alon. These are not natural events: they strengthen, will requite you with as good a thing;
From strange to stranger : Say, how came you hi. I least, bring forth a wonder, to content ye,
Boats. If I did think, sir, I were well awake, (ther? La mach as me my dukedom.
I'd strive to tell you. We were dead of sleep,
And (how we know not,) all clapp'd under hatches, "he entrance of the Cell opens ,and discovers FER- Where but even now,with strange and several noises,
DINAND and MIRANDA playing at chess. Of roaring, shrieking, howling, gingling chains, Mir . Sweet lord, you play me false.
And more diversity of sounds, all horrible,
No, my dearest love, We were awak'd; straightway, at liberty: would not for the world.
Where we, in all her trim, freshly beheld Mora. Yes, for a score of kingdoms you should Our royal, good, and gallant ship; our master inand I would call it fair play.
(wrangle, Capering to eye her : on a trice, so please you,
Even in a dream, were we divided from them, sion of the island, one dear son
And were brought moping hither. hall I twice lose.
Was't well done ?
Pro. Bravely, my diligence. Thou shalt (Aside.) Fer. Though the seas threaten, they are merciful:
be free. have cars'd them without cause. (Fer. kneels to Al.) Alon. This is as strange a maze as e'er men trod :
Now all the blessings And there is in this business more than nature ( a glad father compass thee about !
Was ever conduct of: some oracle rise, and say how thoa cau'st here.
Must rectify our knowledge. Wora. 0! wonder! Pro.
Sir, my liege, ow many goodly creatares are there here ! Do not infest your mind with beating on ow beauteous mankind is! O brave new world, The strangeness of this business; at pick'd leisure, bat has such people in't!
Which shall be shortly, single I'll resolve you Tis new to thee. [at play? (Which to you shall seem probable,) of every Alon. What is this maid, with whom thou wast These happen'd accidents' till when, be cheerful.
My tricksy spirit!}(Aside.)
If this prove
And think of each thing well.—Come bither, spirit: | And seek for grace. What a thrice-double ass
Go to; away! (found it. Some few odd lads, that you remember not.
Alon. Hence, and bestow your laggage where you Re-enter ARIEL driving in CALIBAN, STEPHANO,
Seb. Or stole it rather. (Exeunt Cal.Šte.and Trin. and T'RINCULO, in their stolen apparel.
Pro. Sir, I invite your highness, and your train, Ste. Every man shift for all the rest, and let no
To my poor cell: where you shall take yoar rest man take care for himself; for all is but fortune :- With such discourse, as, I not doubt, shall make it
For this one night; which (part of it, I'll waste Coragio, bully-monster, Coragio! Trin. If these be true spies which I wear in my And the particular accidents, gone by,
Go quick away: the story of my life, head, here's a goodly sight. Cal. O Setebos, these be brave spirits, indeed! I'll bring you to your ship, and so to Naples,
Since I came to this isle : and in the morn,
Where I have hope to see the nuptial
Of these our dear beloved solemnized;
And thence retire me to my Milan, where What things are these, my lord Antonio ?
Every third thought shall be my grave. Will money bay them?
I long Ant. Very like; one of them
To hear the story of your life, which mast
I'll deliver all;
And promise you calm seas, auspicious gales, That could control the moon, make flows and ebbs, Your royal fleet far off — My Ariel;-chick,–
And sail so expeditions, that shall catch
That is thy charge; then to the elements (For he's a bastard one,) had plotted with them
Be free, and fare thou well ;-aside.) Please yon To take my life : two of these fellows you
(Eseunt Must know, and own; this thing of darkness I
EPILOGUE.-Spoken by PROSPERO. Acknowledge mine. Cal. I shall be pinch'd to death.
Now my charms are all o'erthrown, Alon. Is not this Stephano, my drunken butler ? And what strength I have's mine own; Seb. He is drunk now: where had he wine? (they Which is most faint: now, 'tis true, Alon. And Trinculo is reeling ripe. Where should I must be here confin'd by you, Find this grand liquor, that hath gilded them ?- Or sent to Naples. Let me not, How cam'st thou in this pickle?
Since I have my dukedom got, Trin. I have been in such a pickle, since I saw you And pardon'd the deceiver, dwell last, that, I fear me, will never out of my bones: I In this bare island, by your spell; shall not fear fly-blowing.
But release me from my bands, Seb. Why, how now, Stephano ? (cramp.
With the help of your good hands. Ste. O, touch me not; I am not Stephano, but a Gentle breath of yours my sails Pro. You'd be king of the isle, sirrah?
Most fill, or else my project fails, Ste. I should have been a sore one then.
Which was to please : now I want Alon. This is as strange a thing as e'er I look'd on. Spirits to enforce, art to enchant;
(Pointing to Caliban.) And my ending is despair, Pro. He is as disproportion'd in his manners,
Unless I be relier'd by prayer; As in his shape :-Go, sirrah, to my cell;
Which pierces so that it assaults Take with you your companions ; as you look
Mercy itself, and frees all faults. To have my pardon, trim it handsomely.
As you from crimes would pardon'd be, Cah Ay, that I will; and I'll be wise hereafter, Let your indulgence set me free.
Id. 1.51. Pro. No harm.) Perhaps Shakspeare wrote,
0, woe the day! no harm?
I have done nothing but in care of thee. Page 3, col. ). ligne 7. — fall to't yarely,) i. e.
JOHNSON. readily, nimbly. Our author is frequent in his P. 4, c. 2, 1. 3. - more better-] This ungramuse of this word.
matical expression is very frequent among our 12. ! 17. Play the men.) i. e. act with spirit, be- oldest writers. have like men.
Id. l. 4. — full poor cell,] i. e. a cell in a great 11 1. 2. — of the present,] i. e. of the present degree of poverty. instant.
Id. 1.7. Did never meddle with my thoughts. J i. Id. l. 5. Gonzalo ) It may be observed of Gon- e, mix with them.
zalo, that, being the only good man that ap- To meddle, means also, to interfere, to trouble, pears with the king, he is the only man that to busy itself preserves his cheerfulness in the wreck, and Id. I. 15. virtue of compassion- ] Virtue; the his hope on the island. JOHNSON.
most efficacious part, as, the virtue of a plant Id. l. 43. bring her to try with main-course.) This is in the extract.
phrase occurs in Smith's Sea Grammar, 1627, | Id. I. 17. - no soul-] Such interruptions are 410, under the article How to handle a Ship in not uncommon to Shakspeare. He sometimes a Storme: " Let us lie at Trie with our main begins a sentence, and, before he concludes it, course; that is, to hale the tacke aboord, the entirely changes its construction, because ansheat close aft, the boling set up, and the other, more forcible, occurs.
As this change belme tied close aboord." STEEVENS.
frequently happens in conversation, it may be P.1, c. 2, 1. 6. an unstaunched wench.) Un- suffered to pass uncensured in the language of staunched, perbaps incontinent.
the stage. STEEVENS. 21.7. Lay her a-hold, a-hold:]i. e. bring her to Id. l. 31. Out three years old.] i. e. Quite three
lie as near the wind as she can, in order to keep clear of the land, and get her out to sea. Id. 1. 42. abysm of time? i. e. Abyss. This
Set her two courses ; off" to sea again,] method of spelling the word is common to The courses are the main-sail and fore-sail.
other ancient writers. They took from the d. 1. 16. merely- ) in this place signifies ab- French abysme, now written abime. solutely. STEEVENS.
Id. I. 46. Twelve years since, Miranda, twelve 21. 21. - to glut him.) Shakspeare probably years since.) Years, in the first instance, is
wrote, t'englut him, to swallow him.' In this used as a dissyllable, in the second as a mosignification englut, from engloutir, Fr., oc- nosyllable; a licence not peculiar to the procurs frequently. Yet Milton writes glutted sody of Shakspeare. offal for swallowed, and, therefore, perhaps, id. I. 53. A princess ;-no worse issued.] The the present text may stand.
old copy reads—. And princess." For the 21. 22. Mercy on us ! &c. Farewell, bro- trivial change in the text I am answerable.
ther! &c.] It is probable that the lines suc- Issued is descended. STEEVENS. ceerling the confused noise within should be | Id. l. 61. teen-) is sorrow, grief, trouble. considered as spoken by no determinate cha- Id. l. 79. To trash for over-topping :) To trash, racters
in old books of gardening, is to cut away the LL 28.
an acre of barren ground; long superfluities. It is used, also, by sportsmen in heath, brown furze, &c.) Sir T. Hanmer reads the North, when they correct a dog for mis-ling, heath, broom, furze. Perhaps rightly, behaviour' in pursuing the game. A trash, though he has been charged with iautology. among hunters, denotes a piece of leather,
couples, or any other weight fastened round SCENE 11.
the neck of a dog, when his speed is superior
to the pack; i. e, when he over-tops them, 1 L 40. creatures in her,) The old
when he hunts too quick. reads-creature; but the preceding as well as id. c. 2, 1. 1. — both the key—) This is meant subsequent words of Miranda seem to de- of a key for turning the harpsichord, spinnet, mand the emendation suggested first by Theo- or virginal; called now a tuning hammer. bald.
Id. I. 2. * Set all hearts i'th' state,”—MALONE. 1. L 44, — or e'er-) i. e. before.
Id. 1. 6. I pray thee mark me.) In the old copy.
these words are the beginning of Prospero's say, that the interest of a drana rises or de next speech; but, for the restoration of metre, clines. STEEVENS. I have changed their place. STEEVENS. Mr! | Id. 1.33. Now my dear lady,] i. e. now my auMalone follows the old copy.
spicious mistress. Id. 1. 8. “Dedicated”-MALONE.
Id. l. 39. - 'tis a good dulness,] Dr. Warburton Id. 1. 13. Like a good parent, &c.] Alluding rightly observes, that this sleepiness, which
to the observation, that a father above the Prospero by his art had brought upon Mirancommon rate of men has commonly a son be da and of which he knew not how soon the low it. Heroum filii noxæ. JOHNSON.
effect would begin, makes him question her so Id. 1. 18.
often whether she is attentive to his story
.. Who having, unto truth, by telling of it, Id. i. 48. Son the curld clouds;] so, in Timon
. Made such a sinner of his memory,
To credit his own lie,] There is, perhaps, crisp heaven. no correlative, to which the word it can with Id. l. 49 and all his quality.) i. e. all his grammatical propriety belong. Lie, however, confederates. seems to have been the correlative to which Id. 1.51. Perform'd to point-) i. e. to the minu- - he the poet meant to refer, and the meaning is, test article; a literal translation of the French Who having made his memory such a sinner phrase à point. to truth
as to credit his own lie by telling of it. Id. l. 53. -- now on the beak,] The beak was a Id. I. 22. He was the duke; out of the substitu strong pointed body at the head of the ancient
tion,] 'The reader should place his emphasis gallies: it is used here for the forecastle, or on-was: but Mr. Malone reads, “ he was in the boltsprit. Johnson. deed the duke."
Id. l. 54. Now in the waist,] The part between Id. l. 33. (So dry he was for sway)] i. e. So the quarter-deck and the forecasile. JOHNSOS, thirsty
Id. l. 56. Sometimes, I'd divide, Id. l. 42. To think but nobly-] But, i. e, in this And burn in many places;] Barton says: place otherwise, than.
that the spirits of fire, in form of fire-drakes Id. l. 47. in lieu o'the premises, &c.] In lieu and blazing stars, “oftentimes sit on ship
of, means here, in consideration of; an unu masts," &c. Melanch. P. I. 92. p. 30. edit. sual acceptation of the word.
1632.' WARTON. Id. l. 59. - a hint] Hint is suggestion.
Id. l. 63, Yea his dread trident shake. Lest the Id. l. 60. That wrings mine eyes ) i. e, squeczes metre should appear defective, it is necessary
the water out of them. Mr. Malone reads, to apprize the reader, that in some countles, “mine eyes to't.”
shake is still pronounced by the comba P. 5, c. 1, 1.5. - deck'd the sea-] To deck the people as if it was written shaake, a dsb
sea, if explained to honour, adorn, or diguify, (able. FARMER. is indeed ridiculous, but the original import of Id. 1. 70. and quit the vessel,] Quit, for quit the verb deck, is to cover; so, in some parts,
ted. they yet say deck the table. This sense may Id.c. 2,1.1.
sustaining-]i.e. their garments be borne, but perhaps the poet wrote fleck’d, that bore them up and supported them; O which I think is still used in rustic language their garments which bore, without being in of drops falling upon water. Dr. Warburton jured, the drenching of the sea. reads mock'd; the Oxford edition, brack'd. Id. l. 13. 'The epithet here applied to the Berma JOHNSON.
das, will be best understood by those wb To deck signifies in the North, to sprinkle ; have seen the chafing of the sea over the and degg’d, which means the same, is in daily rugged rocks by which they are surrounded use in the north of England. When clothes and which render access to them so dangerous that have been washed are too much dried, it It was in our poet's time the current opinion to is necessary to moisten them before they can that Bermudas was inhabited by monsters, an be ironed, which is always done by sprinkling; devils.- Setebos, the god of Caliban's dam, wa this operation the maidens universally call an American devil, worshipped by the giant degging.
of Patagonia. HENLEY. Id. 1.7. An undergoing stomach,] Stomach is Id. 1.18.--the Mediterranean flote,] Flote is wawa stubborn resolution.
Id. l. 41. Dost
ou forget-] That the characte Id 1.14. Some food we had, and some fresh water, and conduct of Prospero may be understoor that
something must be known of the system i A noble Neapolitan, Gonzalo,
enchantment, which supplied all the marre Out of his charity, (who being then ap lous found in the romances of the middle age
This system seems to be founded on the op Master of this design,) did give us ;] Mr. nion that the fallen spirits, having difiere Steevens has suggested, that we might better degrees of guilt, had different habitations a read-he being then appointed; and so we lotied them at their expulsion, some best should certainly now write: but the reading of confined in hell, some (as Hooker, who del the old copy is the true one, that mode of vers the opinion of our poet's age, express phraseology being the idiom of Shakspeare's it), dispersed in air, some on earth, some i time. MALONE.
water, others in caves, dens, or minera I have left the passage in question as I under the earth. Of these, some were mai found it, though with slender reliance on its malignant and mischievous than others. T!
integrity. STEEVENS. Id. I. 22. Now I arise :) Perhaps these words be
earthy spirits seem to have been thought the long to Miranda, and we should read:
most depraved, and the aerial the less vitale Mir. 'Would I might
Thus Prospero observes of Ariel :
_thou wast a spirit too delicate
To act her earthy and abhorrid com
mands. As the words "now I arise"-may signify,
Over these spirits a power might be obtaine “now I rise in my narratiou,"
by certain rights performed or charms learned
now my story heightens in its consequence," I have left the
This power was called The black art, on passage in question undisturbed. We still
knowledge of enchantment. The enchante being (as king James observes in his Demono