The Papers of James Madison: Purchased by Order of the Congress, Being His Correspondence and Reports of Debates During the Congress of the Confederation, and His Reports of Debates in the Federal Convention; Now Published from the Original Manuscripts, Deposited in the Department of State
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admitted agreed amendment appear appointment authority body citizens clause Committee common Confederation Congress Connecticut consequence consideration considered Constitution Convention danger Delaware Delegates depend divided effect election equal established Executive existing experience favor Federal foreign former Georgia give given hoped House idea individuals interest Jersey judges King latter laws legislative less liberty Madison majority Maryland Massachusetts means measure ment mode motion moved National Government National Legislature nature necessary negative never North object observed opinion particular passed Pennsylvania persons PINCKNEY postponed present principle probably proper proportion proposed proposition question RANDOLPH reason referred render Report representation representatives Resolution Resolved respect rule second branch seemed Senate side South Carolina suffrage supposed taken term thing thought tion treaty Union United Virginia vote whole Wilson wished York
第 842 頁 - Confederation, but according to some equitable ratio of representation, namely, in proportion to the whole number of white and other free citizens, and inhabitants of every age, sex, and condition, including those bound to servitude for a term of years, and three-fifths of all other persons not comprehended in the foregoing description, except Indians not paying taxes, in each State.
第 1109 頁 - Resolved, that each branch ought to possess the right of originating acts; that the national legislature ought to be empowered to enjoy the legislative rights vested in Congress by the Confederation, and moreover to legislate in all cases to which the separate states are incompetent or in which the harmony of the United States may be interrupted by the exercise of individual legislation...
第 1119 頁 - That all acts of the United States in Congress, made by virtue and in pursuance of the powers hereby, and by the Articles of Confederation, vested in them, and all treaties made and ratified under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the respective states, so far forth as those acts or treaties shall relate to the said states or their citizens ; and that the judiciary of the several states shall be bound thereby in their decisions, any thing in the respective laws of the...
第 1234 頁 - Whenever the legislative or executive authority or lawful agent of any state in controversy with another shall present a petition to congress stating the matter in question and praying for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given by order of congress to the legislative or executive authority of the other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the appearance of the parties by their lawful agents...
第 749 頁 - That a national government ought to be established, consisting of a supreme Legislative, Executive and Judiciary " The motion for postponing was seconded by Mr.
第 1226 頁 - We, the people of the States of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina. South Carolina, and Georgia, do ordain, declare, and establish the following Constitution for the government of ourselves and our posterity : — ARTICLE I.
第 750 頁 - Resolved, therefore, that the rights of suffrage in the national legislature ought to be proportioned to the quotas of contribution, or to the number of free inhabitants, as the one or the other rule may seem best in different cases.
第 1236 頁 - ... .or sentence and other proceedings being in either case transmitted to congress, and lodged among the acts of congress for the security of the parties concerned : provided that every commissioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath to be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or superior court of the state, where the cause shall be tried, " well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question, according to the best of his judgment, without favour, affection or hope...
第 1235 頁 - ... or executive authority of the other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the appearance of the parties by their lawful agents, who shall then be directed to appoint, by joint consent, commissioners or judges to constitute a court for hearing and determining the matter in question...