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IMPOSTS AND DUTIES.

Objects of this department
How far prohibited to Slates, Co-extensive with Legislative

reason and necessity of it 201 Power
Judicial cons!ruction

How recognized in Constitution ib.
See PoweRS OF GOVERNMENT, How vested
Taxation, AND Taxes. In what mammer constituted

Appointment of Judges
INDEPENDENCE.

Tenure of their offices
Effect of its Declaration

29 Advantages of such tenure
As to persons born previously 166 Provision for their support
As to Citizenship

ib. Necessity of their independence
As to British subjects

Responsible for misconduct

Objects of Jurisdiction
INDIAN Tribes.

Necessity and advantages of it
Intercourse with, regulated 157 As to cases arising under Con-
What relations acknowledged ib. stitution
Those residing within limits of As to cases arising under the

U. S. how considered 158 Laws of the U.S.
How distinguished from “ fo As to Treaties
reign Nations."

ib. As to interpreting Constitution
Relations with European dis- - . Power over Laws

coverers, how determined 159 in construing Constita.
How far same principle adopted

tion
by U. S.

"ib. Objects of separating Judicial
Practical results

ib. from other departments
How considered in Treaties Power over Constitutions and
and Laws

160 . Laws of the States
Their territory, how regarded ib. Power of final interpretation
See COMMERCE, JUDICIAL Pow. Whence derived
&R, &c.

Power of construing State Con-

stitutions, restricted
INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS. Reasons for vesting Jurisdiction
Right of appropriating money

in cases enumerated
for, claimed under what Distribution of Jurisdiction
power

161 Court of Impeachments
How far admitted

Apportionment of Jurisdiction
See COMMeRCE, Post OFFICES

amongst ordinary Courts 94
AND Post Roads, &c.

reme Court

Nature of Criminal and Admi-
INTERPRETATION OF CONSTITU-

ralty Jurisdiction . 101
TION.

Appellate Jurisdiction
Right of interpreting Constitu lo what cases extended to deci-
tion, where vested

85 sions of State Courts
Final interpreter provided

102, 103,
See JUDICIAL POWER,

Power of U. S. Courts to issue
SUPREME COURT,

process, &c.
SUPREME LAW.

Of Judges to relieve by Habeas

Corpus
JUDICIAL POWER. . Circuit Courts

105
General functions and objects 26 Judicial Districts
Nature of the Power

District Courts

108
Effect of its omission

Territorial Courts
How far auxiliary to Executive ib. Functions of Judges
How far it partakes of Legisla Residence required
ţiye Power

ib. State Courts and Magistrates

211

ib.

73

ib.

109

Page

¡b.
jb.

MillTIA. Olling

122

Page
Effect of Sentences where U.

LOANS.
S. and State Courts have

See BORROWING MONEY.
concurrent Jurisdiction 114
See COURTS, POWERS OF Go-

LOCAL JURISDICTION.
VERNMENT, &c.

Power of exclusive Legislation 179

To what places it extends ib.
JURISDICTION. .
Necessity of such power

180
See COURTS, Local JURISDIC In what mode executed

181
TION, JUDICIAL POWER, See District of Columbia, &c.
&c.

MANUFACTURES.
Law.

See DomestIC INDUSTRY.
See Common Law, SUPREME
Law, &c. .

MARQUE AND REPRISAL.

Signification of
LAW OF NATIONS.

By what authority granted
Power to punish offences against 146 Effect of the grant
How far exclusive

151 Jo what cases granted
Part of Common Law of States Nature and necessity of Power 118
Offences against, what
152 Prohibited to States

193
How punishable

Upon what grounds

ib.
Policy of the Law

153
See JUDICIAL POWER.

Power of regulating and calling
LAWS IMPAIRING CONTRACTS.

forth
Prohibited to the States 193 Objects of the Power

ib.
Policy of the restriction 196 Extent, & cases for its exercise 123
To what Contracts it extends 197 Effect of its exercise on Militia ib.
Obligation of Contracts

ib. Mode of their organization, &c. ib.
Judicial construction of 198 By whom " called forth" ib.
See POWERS OB GOVERNMENT. Who to judge of exigencies ib.

Obligation of the States 124
LEGISLATIVE POWER. Duty of State Officers

126
General functions

When concurrent power of
How organized in Colonies

States over Militia ceases ib.
in the States ib. When Militia become National ib.
How vested by Const. of U. S. 34
Constituent parts

36 MINISTERS (PUBLIC.)
Objects of its division

See AMBASSADORS.
Evils of a single Legislative
Body

37

MONEY.
· Examples of in States
ib. Power of coining

163
Further reason for division in Regulating value of coins ib.

Government of the U. S. ib.. How rendered exclusive
Upon what principle effected - 38 Its necessity and advantage 164
Objects to which the Legisla. Objects of rendering Power ex-

tive Power of the U.S. ex-* clusive
tends

ib. Why prohibited to the States 194
See CONGRESS, HOUSE OB RE See "BORROWING MONEY, Coins
PRESENTATIVES, SENATE, &c.

AND COINING, &c.
LETTERS OF MARQUE.

NATURALIZATION.
See MARQUE AND RSPRISAL.

Power to establish uniform sys.

ten

26

29

ib.

ib.

form sys 165

ib,

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73

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Necessarily exclusive

185 Jurisdiction 'exercised over
Who may be naturalized

• 168

them
Mode of proceeding

ib. How punished
Effect of Naturalization

169 Where they may be tried 149
See ALIENS, CITIZENS, &e. Acts declared Piracy by Con-

gress

ib.
NATURAL RIGHTS.

Jurisdiction in such cases
In what they consist

30 Particular acts declared Piracy 150
Privileges subordinate thereto 31 How punisbed

ib.
How secured in Colonies
in the States

ib.

Post OFFICES AND Post ROADS.
Additional securities
32 Power to establish them

161
How recognized and secured How far exclusive

ib.
by Const. of U. S.

ib. What Power claimed as incident ib.
How far admitted

163
NAVIGATION.

See INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.
See COMMERCE.

POWERS. OF GOVERNMENT.
Navy.
See ARMY AND NAVY.

How distinguished

How to be organized
NAVY DEPARTMENT.

Consequences of uniting them ib.
How organized

How distributed in the Colonies

How organized in the States ib.
Duties of Secretary

How vested by Constitution
Vacancies, how filed

U.S.
Şee PRESIDENT OF U. Ş..

Extent of their separation :
NOBILITY.

Object of their partial Union

End thus effected in Govern-
See TITLES OF NOBILITY.

ment of U. S.
OATH TO SUPPORT CON?

Legislative Power

Executive Power
STITUTION.

Judicial Power
By whóm to be taken
Intention and effect

ib: Nature of Powers vested in Go-
States cannot discharge from. 214

vernment of U. S.
See POWERS OF GOVERNMENT,

Reduced to different classes
STATES, &c.

Powers relative to security from
foreign danger

116
OBLIGATION OF CONTRACTS

Relative to war

117
See LAWS IMPALRING CONTRACTS.

Taxation

126

Borrowing money 134
• PASSPORTS.

Foreign Intercourse ib.
See LAW OF NATIONS, POWERS

- Treaties

135
or GOVERNMENT, &e..

Ambassadors, &c. ib.

Foreign Commerce 141
PATENTS.

Slave Trade

146
Ses SCIENCE.

Piracy

147
Felonies at Sea

ib.
PIRACY.

- Offences against
Power to define and punish 147 Law of Nations

152
Exclusive in its nature

ib.

- Intercourse between
Definition of Piracy

the States

159.
Mode of defining it

-- Commerce amongst
Who are deemed Pirates by

the States
Law of Nations

148

with the Indians 157

ib.

154

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ib. 62

182

ib.

64

perty

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Relative to post offices and post

its ratification by the People 216
roads

161
-- coining money, &c. 165 PRESIDENT OF UNITED STATES.
- weighisand measures 163 Qualifications for Election 56

ib. 58
-- punishment of coun: Mode of election
terfeiting

164 When to be declared elected
Naturalization : 165 by Electors
Bankruptcy

169 How appointed when no choice
State Records 171

Clectors
Miscellaneous objects 172 Evidence of his refusal to ac-
Science and useful

cept, or of his resignation 61
Arts

ib. Flow vacancies in office sup-
- Local Jurisdiction. 179 plied

- punishment of Trea For what term elected
son

Provision for his support
-- admission of new Powers and duties
States

Negative upon Laws, &c.
- Territory and Pro Commander-in-Chief
Reprieves and pardons

ib.
Guaranties to the Power as to Treaties

65
States

Nominates to what offices
- amendment of Con Power of filling vacancies 68
stitution

-- as to removal from office ib.
Implied and reserved Powers

-- as to convening and ad.
Restrictions on the States

journing Congress
---- absolute against

Duty with respect to Ambassa-
--- Treaties, &c.

dors, &c.
-- - Letters of marque and

From what officers he may re-
reprisal

ib. quire opinions
- coining money

General duties
Bilis of credit

Incidental Powers
- Tender Laws ib. Discretionary Powers

Oath of office
---- Ex post facto Laws 196 Liability to Impeachment
---- Laws impairing Con-

Assistants in his Department
tracts

ib. See EXECUTIVE POWER
--- Titles of Nobility 200
Qualified restrictions

201 PRESIDENT PRO. TEM. OF SENATE,
- upon duties on imports, &c. ib. When and how chosen
- relative to troops and ships

When to act as President of
of war

U. S.

61, 62
compact and agree

See SENATE, VICE PRESIDENT,
ments

&c.
engaging in war
Auxiliary Powers

ib. RATIFICATION OF CONSTITUTION.
--Laws “necessary and Provision for ratifying Constilu.
proper" for executing

tion

214
Powers
Its nature and effects

ib.
· Declaration of Supreme Mode of ratification adopted 215
Law

208 How ratified by People 216
Right of final interpreta Assent of States, how implied ib.
tion

211, 212 Consequences of such ratifica
oath to support Constitu-

tion

217
tion of U. S.

213 Şee SECESSION,

194

ib.

77

ib.

47

204
204, 205

page when appa

29

Page
REPRESENTATION.

Why associated with President
On what principle founded in

in appointing Power 67
Governinent

26 See CONGRESS, LEGISLATIVE
How to be applied

Power, &c.
In reference io Powers of Go

-
vernment

SCIENCE.
As to parties delegating them

Power to promote its progress 172
Practical exception

Foundation, origin, and policy 173
How far principle prevailed in Mode in which executed 174
Colonial Governments
Objects of the power

ib.
How extended in State Consti-

By what construction effected
tutions

ib. Former Slate Laws
How applied in Constitution of Nature and extent of power
U. S.

34

vested in Congress

Distinction between property of
REPRESENTATIVES.

Authors, and that of In-
See HOUSE OF REPRESENTA-

ventors

76
TIVES.

Privileges secured to both 177

Extent and limitation of State
RESTRICTIONS ON STATES.

power in regard to them ibu
See PowERS OF GOVERNMENT, See POWERS OF GOVERN-
• STATES, &c.

MENT.

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175

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REVENUE.
See TAXATIO, &c.

SEGESSION.
Whether States may seceđe
from the Union

218
Consequences of Secession ib.
See Powers of GOVERNMENT,

STATES, &c.

RIGHTS.
See NATURAL RIGHTS.

1. SAFE CONDUCTS.
See LAW OF NATIONS, Pow.

ERS OF GOVERNMENT,&c.

.

SLAVE TRADE.
Power of prohibiting

146
Fully executed by Congress ib.
See POWERS OF GOVERNMENT.

SPEAKER OF HOUSE OF RE-

PRESENTATIVES.
How chosen

42
When to act as President of

U.S.
See HOUSE OF REPRESENTA-

TIVES.

SENATE.
How constituted
On what principle of represen-

tation
Number of Senators
In what manner they vote
By whom chosen
Manner of their election
For what term elected
Qualifications of Senators
Powers exclusive of House of

Representatives
When to choose President pro

tem.
When and how, other officers
Mode of conducting Executive

business
Quasi Committees
When to choose Vice President

of U. S.
Why consent of Senate requir-

ed to Treaties

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