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GENERAL GRANT TO GENERAL LEE.
April 9, 1865. GENERAL R. E. LEE, Commanding Confederate States Armies :
Your note of this date is but this moment (11.50 A. M.) received.
In consequence of my having passed from the Richmond and Lynchburg road to the Farmville and Lynchburg road, I am at this writing about four miles west of Walter's Church, and will push forward to the front for the purpose of meeting you.
Notice sent to me on this road where you wish the interview to take place will meet me. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General.
APPOMATTOX COURT-House, April 9, 1865. GENERAL R. E. LEE, Commanding C. S. A.:
In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the eighth instant, I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, on the following terms, to wit:
Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate, one copy to be given to an officer designated by me, the other to be retained by such officers as you may designate.
The officers to give their individual paroles not to take arms against the United States until properly exchanged, and each company or regimental commander *sign a like parole for the men of their commands.
The arms, artillery and public property to be packed and stacked, and turned over to the officers appointed by me to receive them. This will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage.
This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their homes, not to be disturbed by United States authority so long as they observe their parole and the laws in force where they may reside. Very respectfully,
U. S. GRANT, Lieutenant-General.
HEAD-QUARTERS ARMY OPAD 29, 1862IRGINIA, }
LIEUTENANT-GENERAL U. S. Grant, Commanding U. S. A.:
GENERAL: I have received your letter of this date, containing the terms of surrender of the army of Northern Virginia, as proposed by you; as they are substantially the same as those expressed in your letter of the eighth instant, they are accepted. I will proceed to designate the proper officers to carry the stipulations into effect. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE, General.
LEE'S ENTIRE LOSSES.
In the battles around Petersburg and in the pursuit, LEE lost over ten thousand men in killed and wounded, and twenty thousand men in prisoners and deserters, including those taken in battle, and those picked up in pursuit; including all arms of the service, teamsters, hospital force, and everything, from sixteen to eighteen thousand men were surrendered by LEE. As only fifteen thousand muskets and about thirty pieces of artillery were surrendered, the available fighting force could hardly have reached much above fifteen or twenty thousand men. Our total captures of artillery during the battles and pursuit, and at the surrender, amounted to about one hundred and seventy guns. Three or four hundred wagons were also surrendered.
In the agreement for surrender, the officers gave their own paroles, and each officer gave his parole for the men within his command. The following is the form of the personal parole of officers, copied from the original document given by LEE and a portion of his staff:
“We, the undersigned, prisoners of war belonging to the Army of Northern Virginia, having been this day surrendered by General R. E. LEE, commanding said army, to Lieutenant
General Grant, commanding the Armies of the United States, do hereby give our solemn parole of
honor that we will not hereafter serve in the armies of the Confederate States, or in any military capacity whatever, ágainst the United States of America, or render aid to the enemies of the latter until properly exchanged in such manner as shall be mutually approved by the respective authorities.
“R. E. LEE, General.
Chas. S. VENABLE, Lieutenant-Colonel and A. A. G.
“H. S. Young, A. A. General. “ Done at Appomattox Court House, Va., this ninth (9th) day of April, 1865.
The parole is the same given by all officers, and is countersigned as follows:
“ The above-named officers will not be disturbed by United States authorities as long as they observe their parole, and the laws in force where they may reside.
GEORGE H. SHARP, General Assist. Provost-Marshal."
The obligation of officers for the subdivisions under their command is in form as follows:
“ I, the undersigned, commanding officer of do, for the within-named prisoners of war, belonging to the Army of Northern Virginia, who have been this day surrendered by General Robert E. LEE, Confederate States Army, commanding said army, to Lieutenant-General Grant, commanding Armies of the United States, hereby give my solemn parole of honor that the within-named shall not hereafter serve in the Armies of the Confederate States, or in military or any capacity whatever against the United States of America, or render aid to the enemies of the latter, until properly exchanged in such manner as shall be mutually approved by the respective authorities.
“ Done at Appomattox Court House, Va., this ninth day of April, 1865.
" The within-named will not be disturbed by the United States authorities so long as they observe their parole and the laws in force where they may reside.”
The surrender of LEE was followed by the voluntary surrender of most of the regular troops of the enemy in the Shenandoah.
GENERAL GRANT'S MOVEMENTS AFTER THE
SURRENDER. General GRANT never makes an unnecessary delay. The terms of the surrender having been arranged, he immediately left the army for Washington, without turning aside to visit the fallen Capital, or pausing longer by the way than was requisite for refreshment. On the 13th of April, 1865, he reached Washington, established his headquarters, and went direct to the War Department, where he met the President and Secretary STANTON. He represented to them that the Rebellion was virtually at an end, and that the Government should at once commence cutting down its expenses.
That evening the Secretary telegraphed the following important despatch northward, the first despatch that bore to the nation the welcome news, that peace was at hand.
• To MAJOR-GENERAL Dıx, New York:
“The Department, after mature consideration and consultation with the Lieutenant-General upon the results of the recent campaign, has come to the following determinations, which will be carried into effect by appropriate orders to be immediately issued.
* First.-To stop all drafting and recruiting in the loyal States.
“ Second.–To curtail purchases for arms, ammunition, quartermaster and commissary supplies, and reduce the military establishment in its several branches.
" Third.-To reduce the number of general and staff officers to the actual necessities of the service.
“Fourth. To remove all military restrictions upon trade and commerce, so far as may be consistent with public safety.
“ As soon as these measures can be put in operation it will be made known by public order.
“Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War." General GRANT remained at Washington, aiding the
Government with his counsels, and using every effort to reduce the expenses of the military departments.
GENERAL GRANT GOES NORTH TO VISIT
HIS FAMILY. It was announced in the Washington morning papers of April 14th, that General GRANT would accompany President LINCOLN to Ford's Theatre in the evening, but the General had made arrangements to run north and visit his family, that day, so that he was not present when Mr. LINCOLN was assassinated. The evidence adduced at the trial of PAYNE and his associate conspirators clearly proved that it was their design to murder General GRANT during the evening. The dagger which Booth flourished was undoubtedly intended for Grant. Providence did not permit the crime, and although the nation's beloved President was martyred, GRANT was spared to his country. On learning of the assassination of President Lincoln, he at once returned to Washington, and was present at the funeral of his noble friend, and formed one of the mourners who followed the remains to the Capitol on the 19th of April, 1865.
GRANT LEAVES WASHINGTON FOR RALEIGH,
NORTH CAROLINA. Shortly after, the terms which SHERMAN granted to JOHNSTON were received. The President, Cabinet, and the Lieutenant-General repudiated the arrangement promptly, and GRANT left Washington the same day for SHERMAN'S army, arriving at Raleigh, North Carolina, on the 24th of April. He apprised SHERMAN of the fact that his agreement with JOHNSTON was disapproved of, not on by the National authorities, but by himself, and SHERMAN at once notified JOHNSTON of the non-acceptance by the Government of the old terms, and, later, demanded his