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That France must vail' her lofty-plumed crest, Then how can Margaret be thy paramour ?
(Aside. My ancient incantations are too weak,
Mar. I were best leave him, for he will not hear. And hell too strong for me to buckle with:
Suff. There all is marr'd; there lies a cooling card. Now, France, thy glory droopeth to the dust. [Ex. Mar. He talks at random : sure the man is mad. Alaruns. Enter French and English, fighting.
SuffAnd yet à dispensation may be had.
Mar. And yet I would that you would answer me. La Pucelle and York fight hand to hand. La Suff. I'll win this lady Margaret. For whom? Pucelle is taken. The French fly.
Why, for my king : Tush! that's a wooden thing." Yo
ou fast: Mar. He talks of wood: It is some carpenter. Unchain your spirits now with spelling charms, Suff. Yet so my fancy may be satisfied, And try if they can gain your liberty.
And peace established between these realms,
But there remains a scruple in that too :
Puc. Chang'd to a worser shape thou canst not be. And our nobility will scorn the match. (Aside.
York. 0, Charles the Dauphin is a proper man ; Mar. Hear ye, captain? Are you not at leisure ? No shape but his can please your dainty eye.
Suff. It shall be so, disdain they ne'er so much : Puc. A plaguing mischief light on Charles, and Henry is youthful, and will quickly yield. thee!
Madam, I have a secret to reveal. And may ye both be suddenly surpris'd
Mar. What though I be enthrall’d ? he seems a By bloody hands in sleeping on your beds!
knight, York. Fell, banning. hag! enchantress, hold thy And will not any way dishonour me. (Aside. tongue.
Suff. Lady, vouchsafe to listen what I say.. Pue. I prythee, give me leave to curse a while. Mur. Perhaps I shall be rescu'd by the French; York. Curse, miscreant, when thou comest to the And then I need not crave his courtesy. (Aside. stake.
(E.ceunt. Suff. Sweet madam, give me hearing in a causeAlarums. Enter Suffolk, leading in Lady Mar
| Mar. Tush! women have been captivate ere now.
Suff. Lady, wherefore talk you so ? Suff. Be what thou wilt, thou art my prisoner. Mar. I cry you mercy, 'tis but quid for quo.
(Gazes on her. Suff. Say, gentle princess, would you not suppose O fairest beauty, do not fear, nor fly;
Your bondage happy, to be made a queen ? For I will touch thee but with reverent hands, Mar. To be a queen in bondage, is more vile, And lay them gently on thy tender side.
| Than is a slave in base servility; I kiss these fingers (Kissing her hand.] for eternal For princes should be free. peace :
And so shall you, Who art thou? say, that I may honour thee. If happy England's royal king be free.
Mar. Margaret my name: and daughter to a king, Mar. Why, what concerns his freedom unto me? The king of Naples, whosoe'er thou art.
Suff. I'll undertake to make thee Henry's queen; Suff. An earl I am, and Suffolk am I call'd. To put a golden sceptre in thy hand, Be not offended, nature's miracle,
And set a precious crown upon thy head, Thou art allotted to be ta'en by me:
If thou wilt condescend to be mySo doth the swan her downy cygnets save,
Mar. I am unworthy to be Henry's wife.
Suff. No, gentle madam; I unworthy am [She turns away as going. To woo so fair a dame to be his wife, 0, stay !-I have no power to let her pass;
And have no portion in the choice myself. My hand would free her, but my heart says-no. How say you, madam: are you so content? As plays the sun upon the glassy streams,
Mar. "An if my father please, I am content. Twinkling another counterfeited beam,
Suff. Then call our captains, and our colours So seems this gorgeous beauty to mine eyes.
(Troops come forward. Hast not a tongue? is she not here thy prisoner? Wilt thou be daunted at a woman's sight?
A parley sounded. Enter Reignier on the walls. Ay; beauty's princely majesty is such,
Suff. See, Reignier, see, thy daughter prisoner. Confounds the tongue, and makes the senses rough. Reig. To whom ? Mar. Say, earl of Suffolk,-if thy name be so, Sufi.
To me. What ransom must I pay before I pass ?
Suffolk, what remedy ? For, I perceive, I am thy prisoner.
I am a soldier; and unapt to weep, Suff. How canst thou tell, she will deny thy suit, Or to exclaim on fortune's fickleness. Before thou make a trial of her love? (Aside. Suff. Yes, there is remedy enough, my lord; Mor. Why speak'st thou not? what ransom must I Consent (and. for thv honour, give consent.) I pay
Thy daughter shall be wedded to my king;
Mar. Wilt thou accept of ransom, yea, or no? Hath gain'd thy daughter princely liberty.
(4) An awkward business, an undertaking not (1) Lower. (2) To ban is to curse. likely to succeed. (3) Do not represent thyself so weak.'
Reig. Speaks Suffolk as he thinks ?
SCENE IV.-Camp of the Duke of York, in Sulf.
Fair Margaret knows, Anjou. Enter York, Warwick, and others. That'Suffolk doth not flatter, face,' or leign. Reig. Upon thy princely warrant, I descend,
| York. Bring forth that sorceress, condemn’d to
burn. To give thee answer of thy just demand.
[Exit, from the walls.
Enter La Pucelle, guarded, and a Shepherd. Suff. And here I will expect thy coming. Shep. Ah, Joan! this kills thy father's heart
outright! Trumpels sounded. Enter Reignier, below. Have I sought every country far and near, Reig. Welcome, brave earl, into our territo- And, now it is my chance to find thee out, ries;
Must I behold thy timeless cruel death? Command in Anjou what your honour pleases. Ah, Joan, sweet daughter Joan, I'll die with thee! Suff. Thanks, Reignier, happy for 80 sweet a Puc. Decrepit miser!base ignoble wretch! child,
I am descended of a gentler blood; Fit to be made companion with a king :
Thou art no father, nor no friend, of mine. What answer makes your grace unto my suit? Shep. Out, out -My lords, an please you, 'tis Reig. Since thou dost deign to woo her little not so; worth,
I did beget her, all the parish knows: To be the princely bride of such a lord;
Her mother liveth yet, can testify, Upon condition I may quietly,
She was the first fruit of my bachelorship. Enjoy mine own, the county Maine, and Anjou, War. Graceless! wilt thou deny thy parentage? Free from oppression, or the stroke of war,
York. This argues what her kind of life hath been; My daughter shall be Henry's, if he please, Wicked and sile; and so her death concludes. Suff. That is her ransom, I deliver her;
Shep. Fie, Joan! that thou wilt be so obstacle ! And those two counties, I will undertake,
God knows thou art a collop of my flesh;
And for thy sake have I shed many a tear :
Puc. Peasant, avaunt !-You have suborn'd this Give thee her hand, for sign of plighted faith.
man, Suff. Reignier of France, I give thee kingly On purpose to obscure my noble birth. thanks,
Shep. 'Tis true, I gave a noble to the priest, Because this is in traffic of a king:
The morn that I was wedded to her mother. --, And yet, methinks, I could be well content Kneel down and take my blessing, good iny girl. To be mine own attorney in this case. Aside. Wilt thou not stoop ? Now cursed be the time I'll over then to England with this news,
Of thy nativity! I would, the milk And make this marriage to be solemniz'd ;
Thy mother gave thee, when thou suck'dst her So, farewell, Reignier! Set this diamond safe
breast, In golden palaces, as it becomes.
Had been a little ratsbane for thy sake! Reig. I do embrace thee, as I would embrace Or else, when thou didst keep my lambs a-field, The Christian prince, king Henry, were he here. I wish some ravenous wolf had eaten thee! Mar. Farewell, my lord ! Good wishes, praise, Dost thou deny thy father, cursed drab ?
10, burn her, burn her; hanging is too good. (Eitt. Shall Suffolk ever have of Margaret. [Going. 'York. Take her away ; for she hath liv'd too long, Suff. Farewell, sweet madam! But, hark you, To fill the world with vicious qualities. Margaret;
Puc. First, let me tell you whom you have conNo princely commendations to my king ?
demn'd: Mar. Such commendations as become a maid, Not me begotten of a shepherd swain, A virgin, and his servant, say to him.
But issu'd from the progeny of kings; Suff. Words sweetly plac'd, and modestly di- Virtuous, and holy; chosen from above, rected.
By inspiration of celestial grace, But, madam, I must trouble you again,
To work exceeding miracles on earth.
I never had to do with wicked spirits :
Staind with the guiltless blood of innocents,
Corrupt and tainted with a thousand vices, Suff. And this withal.
Kisses her. Because you want the grace that others have, Nar. That for thyself ;-I will not so presume, You judge it straight a thing impossible To send such peevish tokens to a king.
| To compass wonders, but by help of devils. (Erant Reignier and Margaret. No, misconceived !' Joan of Arc hath been Suff. O, wert thou for myself!-But, Suffolk, A virgin from her tender infancy, stay ;
Chaste and immaculate in very thought ; Thou may'st not wander in that labyrinth; Whose maiden blood, thus rigorously effus'd, There Minotaurs, and ugly treasons, lurk. Will cry for vengeance at the gates of heaven. Solicit Henry with her wond'rous praise :
York. Ay, ay-away with her to execution. Bethink thee on her virtues that surmount;
War. And hark re, sirs; because she is a mad, Mad' natural graces that extinguish art;
Spare for no faggots, let there be enough: Repeat their semblance often on the seas,
Place barrels of pitch upon the fatal stake, That, when thou com'st to kneel at Henry's feet, That so her torture may be shortened.. Thou may'st bereave him of his wits with wonder. Puc. Will nothing turn your unrelenting hearts
(Erit. Then, Joan, discover thine infirmity; (1) Play the hypocrite. (?) Childish. (6) A corruption of obstinate. is) Wild. *(4) Untimely.
(7) 'No, ye misconceivers, ve who mistake me (5) Miser here simply means a miserable creature. and my qualities.'
[Going. Im Yorfine world with vicious qualities
heart, with love, I send the kingdieses her. Because of straight a thing impo or devils.
That warranteth by law to be thy privilege. By sight of these our baleful' enemies.
'Win. Charles, and the rest, it is enacted thus. Murder not then the fruit within my womb, That-in regard king Henry gives consent, Although ye hale me to a violent death.
Of mere compassion, and of lenity, York. Now heaven forefend I the holy maid with To ease your country of distressful war, child?
And suffer you to breathe in fruitful peace, War. The greatest miracle that e'er ye wrought: You shall become true liegemen to his crown: Is all your strict preciseness come to this?
And, Charles, upon condition thou wilt swear York. She and the dauphin have been juggling: To pay him tribute, and submit thyself, I did imagine what would be her refuge.
Thou shalt be plac'd as viceroy under him, War. Well, go to; we will have no bastards live; And still er
till enjoy thy regal dignity. Especially since Charles must father it.
Alen. Must he be then as shadow of himself? Puc. You are deceiv'd; my child is none of his ; Adorn his temples with a coronet ;) It was Alençon, that enjoy'd my love.
And yet, in substance and authority, York. Alençon! that notorious Machiavel! Retain but privilege of a private man? It dies, an if it had a thousand lives.
This proffer is absurd and reasonless. Puc. 0, give me leave, I have deluded you ;. Char. 'Tis known already, that I am possess'd 'Twas neither Charles, nor yet the duke I nam'd, With more than half the Gallian territories, But Reignier, king of Naples, that prevail'd. And therein reverenc'd for their lawful king: War. A married man ! that's most intolerable. Shall I, for lucre of the rest unvanquish'd, York. Why, here's a girl! I think, she knows Detract so much from that prerogative, not well,
As to be call'd but viceroy of the whole ?
York. And, yet, forsooth, she is a virgin pure !- Be cast from possibility of all.
And, now the matter grows to compromise, May never glorious sun reflex his beams
Stand'st thou aloof upon comparison ? Upon the country where you make abode!
Either accept the title thou usurp'st, But darkness and the gloomy shade of death
lor benefit proceeding from our king. Environ you ; till mischief, and despair,
And not of any challenge of desert,
(Erit, guarded. Reig. My lord, you do not well in obstinacy, York. Break thou in pieces, and consume to ashes, To cavil in the course of this contract: Thou foul accursed minister of hell!
If once it be neglected, ten to one,
We shall not find like opportunity:
Alen. To say the truth, it is your policy,
And ruthless slaughters, as are daily seen
Although you break it when your pleasure serves. Betwixt our nation and the aspiring French;
Aside to Charles. And here at hand the dauphin, and his train,
War. How say'st thou, Charles ? shall our Approacheth, to confer about some matter.
condition stand ? York. Is all our travail turn'd to this effect?
Char. It shall : After the slaughter of so many peers,
Only reserv'd, you claim no interest so many captains, gentlemen, and soldiers,
In any of our towns of garrison. That in this quarrel have been overthrown,
York. Then swear allegiance to his majesty; And sold their bodies for their country's benefit,
As thou art knight, never to disobey, Shall we at last conclude effeminate peace ?
Nor be rebellious to the crown of England, Have we not lost most part of all the towns,
Thou, nor thy nobles, to the crown of England. By treason, falsehood, and by treachery,
(Charles, and the rest, give tokens of fealty. Our great progenitors had conquered ?
So, now dismiss your army when you please; 0, Warwick, Warwick! I foresee with grief,
Hang up your ensigns, let your drums be still, The utter loss of all the realm of France.
For here we entertain a solemn peace. (Exeunt. Wer. Be patient, York: if we conclude a peace, SCENE V.-London. A room in the palace. It shall be with such strict and severe covenants, Enter King Henry, in conference with Suffolk ; As little shall the Frenchmen gain thereby.
Gloster and Exeter following. Enter Charles, attended; Alençon, Bastard, Reig-L K. Hen. Your wondrous rare description, noble nier, and others.
Do breed love's settled passions in my heart:
So am I driven, by breath of her renown, The hollow passage of my poison'd voice, | Either to suffer shipwreck, or arrive
(1) Compassion. (2) Baneful. ...(4). "Be content to live as the beneficiary of our (3) Coronet is here used for crown.
Where I may have fruition of her love.
As is fair Margaret, he be link'd in love. Suff. Tash! my good lord ! this superficial tale Then yield, my lords; and here conclude with me Is but a preface of her worthy praise :
That Margaret shall be queen, and none but she. The chief perfections of that lovely dame
K. Hen. Whether it be through force of your (Had I sufficient skill to utter them,)
report, Would make a volume of enticing lines,
My noble lord of Suffolk; or for that Able to ravish any dull conceit.
My tender youth was never yet attaint And, which is more, she is not so divine,
With any passion of inflaming love, So full replete with choice of all delights,
I cannot tell; but this I am assur'd, But, with as humble lowliness of mind,
I feel such sharp dissension in my breast, She is content to be at your command;
Such fierce alarums both of hope and fear, Command, I mean, of virtuous chaste intents, As I am sick with working of my thoughts. To love and honour Henry as her lord.
Take, therefore, shipping ; post, my lord, to France; K. Hen. And otherwise will Henry ne'er pre
to any covenants: and procure sume.
That lady Margaret do vouchsafe to come Therefore, my lord protector, give consent, To cross the seas to England, and be crown'd That Margaret may be England's royal queen. King Henry's faithful and anointed queen:
Glo. So should I give consent to flatter sin. For your expenses and sufficient charge, You know, my lord, your highness is betroth'd Among the people gather up a tenth. Unto another lady of esteem;
Be gone, I say ; for, till you do return, How shall we then dispense with that contract, I rest perplexed with a thousand cares.And not deface your honour with reproach? And you, good uncle, banish all offence:
Suff. As doth a ruler with unlawful oaths ; If you do censure me by what you were, Or one, that, at a triumph' having vow'd
Not what you are, I know it will excuse To try his strength, forsaketh yet the lists
This sudden execution of my will. By reason of his adversary's odds :
And so conduct me, where from company, A poor earl's daughter is unequal odds,
I may revolve and ruminate my grief. And therefore may be broke without offence.
Glo. Ay, grief, I fear me, both at first and last. Glo. Why, what, I pray, is Margaret more than
(Exeunt Gloster and Exeter. that?
Suff. Thus Suffolk hath prevail'd : and thus he Her father is no better than an earl,
goes, Although in glorious titles he excel.
As did the youthful Paris once to Greece;. Suff. Yes, my good lord, her father is a king, With hope to find the like event in love, The king of Naples, and Jerusalem;
But prosper better than the Trojan did.' And of such great authority in France,
Margaret shall now be queen, and rule the king; As his alliance will confirm our peace.
But I will rule both her, the king, and realm. [EX. And keep the Frenchmen in allegiance.
Glo. And so the earl of Armagnac may do,
the folio in 1623, though the two succeeding parts While Reignier sooner will receive, than give. are extant in two editions in quarto. That the Suff. A dower, my lords! disgrace not so your second and third parts were published without the king,
first, may be admitted as no weak proof that the That he should be so abject, base, and poor, copies were surreptitiously obtained,' and that the To choose for wealth, and not for perfect love. | printers at that time gave the public those plays, Henry is able to enrich his queen,
Inot such as the author designed, but such as they And not to seek a queen to make him rich :
could get them. That this play was written before So worthless peasants bargain for their wives, the two others is indubitably collected from the seAs market-men for oxen, sheep, or horse.
ries of events; that it was written and played beMarriage is a matter of more worth,
(fore Henry the Fifth is apparent ; because, in the Than to be dealt in by attorneyship;?
epilogue there is mention made of this play, and Not whom we will, but whom his grace affects, not of the other parts : Must be companion of his nuptial bed :
· Henry the Sixth in swaddling bands crown'd king, And therefore, lords, since he affects her most, It most of all these reasons bindeth us,
"Whose state so many had the managing, In our opinion she should be preferr'd.
"That they lost France, and made his England
bleed : For what is wedlock forced, but a hell,
*Wnich oft our stage hath shown.' An age of discord and continual strife ? Whereas the contrary bringeth forth bliss,
France is lost in this play. The two following And is a pattern of celestial peace.
contain, as the old title imports, the contention of Whom should we match, with Henry, being a king,
the houses of York and Lancaster. But Margaret, that is daughter to a king ?
The second and third parts of Henry VI. were Her peerless feature, joined with her birth, printed in 1600. When Henry V. was written, we Approves her fit for none, but for a king :
know not, but it was printed likewise in 1600, and Her valiant courage, and undaunted spirit
therefore before the publication of the first and (More than in women commonly is seen,)
second parts. The first part of Henry VI. had been Will answer our hope in issue of a king;
often shown on the stage, and would certainly have For Henry, son unto a conqueror,
appeared in its place, had the author been the pubIs likely to beget more conquerors, If with a lady of so high resolve,
JOHNSON. (1) A triumph then signified a public exhibition ; (2) By the discretional agency of another. such as a mask, or revel.
SECOND PART OF
KING HENRY VI.
*.* 'The Contention of the two famous houses of York and Lancaster,' in two parts, was pub lished in quarto, in 1600; and the first part was entered on the Stationers' books, (as Mr. Steevens has observed,) March 12, 1593-4. On these two plays, which I believe to have been written by some preceding author, before the year 1590, Shakspeare formed, as I conceive, this and the following drama : altering, retrenching, or amplifying, 'as he thought proper. At present it is only necessary to apprize the reader of the method observed in the printing of these plays. All the lines printed in the usual manner are found in the original quarto plays (or at least with such minute variations as are not worth odcing :) and those, I conceives
those, I conceive, Shakspeare adopted as he found them. The lines to which inverted commas are prefixed, were, if my hypothesis be well founded, retouched, and greatly improved by him ; and those with asterisks were his own original production; the embroidery with which he ornamented the coarse stuff that had been awkwardly made up for the stage by some of his contemporaries. The speeches which he new-modelled, he improved, sometimes by amplification, and sometimes by retrenchment.
PERSONS REPRESENTED. King Henry the Sirth:
Hume and Southwell, two priests. Humphrey, duke of Gloster, his uncle.
Bolingbroke, a conjurer. A Spirit raised b Cardinal Beaufort, bishop of Winchester, great Thomas Horner, an armourer. Peter, his man. uncle to the king
Clerk of Chatham. Mayor of Saint Alban's. Richard Plantagenet, duke of York:
Simpcox, an impostor. Two Murderers. Edward and Richard, his sons.
Jack Cade, a rebel : Duke of Somerset,
George, John, Dick, Smith, the Weaver, Michael, Duke of Suffolk,
fc. his followers.
Margaret, queen to king Henry.
Eleanor, duchess of Gloster. Earl of Warwick, so the for
Margery Jourdain, a witch. Wife to Simpcox. Lord Scales, Governor of the Tower. Lord Say. Sir Humphrey Stafford, and his brother. Sir John Lords, Ladies, and Attendants ; Petitioners, AlStanley.
dermen, a Beadle, Sheriff, and officers; CitiA Sea-captain, Master, and Master's Mate, and zens, Prentices, Falconers, Guards, Soldiers, Walter Whitmore.
Messengers, &-c. Two Gentlemen, prisoners with Suffolk. 1 Herald. Vaux.
Scene, dispersedly in various parts of England.
Seven earls, twelve barons, twenty reverend bishops,
I have perform'd my task, and was espous'd : SCENE I.-London.A room of state in the And humbly now upon my bended kne
palace, Flourish of trumpets : then Hautboys. In sight of England and her lordly peers,
The fairest queen that ever king receiv'd.
K. Hen. Suffolk, arise.-Welcome, queen Mar.
garet : As by your high imperial majesty
I can express no kinder sign of love, I had in charge at my depart for France,
Than this kind kiss.-O Lord, that lends me life, As procurator to your excellence,
Lend me a heart replete with thankfulness! To marry princess Margaret for your grace; For thou hast given me, in this beauteous face, So, in the famous ancient city, Tours,
"A world of earthly blessings to my soul, In presence of the kings of France and Sicil, * If sympathy of love unite our thoughts. The dukes of Orleans, Calaber, Brelaigne, and Q. Mar. Great king of England, and my gra Alençon,
cious lord; VOL. II.