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part of their conduct respecting the tain Hughes to Monf. Duchemin, intended arrangements. To be ap- the general of the French army ; proved of, it only wanted to be and Trincomale, which had been known. The delay alluded to ought esteemed so rich an acquifition, had to be fought for in a different quar. been compelled to yield to the force ter. If his majesty had received under Mons. Suffrein. improper advice, and the country The country being still without had been mismanaged for some any effective government, there preweeks past, the cause would be found vailed the most general disatisfaction in the other house. There they and uneasiness. The address indeed would see the grand adviser of the of the commons had been presented crown, and might trace the diffi. to the king, and he had returned a culty, the delay, the sullenness, and very gracious answer to it. He had the other characteristic marks of said, “ That it was his carneft dewhat had been termed an interreg- fire to do cvery thing that was in his num of administration, but what was power to comply with the wishes ex. in truth a specimen of the most info. pressed by his faithful commons." lent domination that had ever disgrac. When this answer however was reed this free country. He concluded ported to the house, lord Surrey, with advifing the house to unanimity after having observed, that he upon the motion, and with desiring had a full confidence in the honour. them to regard it as a public and con- able intentions of his majesty, and ftitutional act, and not as the mea. that he felt an extreme confort in sure of any one party or set of men. so sacred a pledge of

March 26. Lord Surrey observed, that the assurance that a matter temper of the country was not to so important as the arrangement of be sported with. The present was a proper ministry was speedily to be not a period for any vile and tame adjusted, intimated his intention, if submillions. If an administration no arrangement, notwithstanding the was not soon appointed, the people royal message, Mhould be made, to might have recourse to their import- move for an enquiry into the causes ance, and come forward with fome- which had so long prevented it. thing stronger than an address or a Lord North was of opinion that petition.

his majesty's message was so full of The question upon being put was grace and goodness, that it ought to carried with only four diflenting be received with the most entire fatisvoices; and the address was ordered faction and gratitude; and it was the to he presented to the king by such most real pain to him that the flight. of the members as were privy coun- est jealousy should be expressed of sellors.

the royal intention. The delay, howIn the midst of domestic diftrac. ever, continued ; and all descriptions tion melancholy dispatches arrived of men were involved alike in doubt, from abroad. In the east several fufpence, and anxiety. uncertain battles had been fought in a new meeting of between Sir Edward Hughes and the commons lord SurSuffrein. The operations of Sir Eyre rey, addressing himself to the chan. Coote against Hyder Ally were able cellor of the Exchequer, detired to but indecisive. The garrison of know if he was apprised of any arCuddlapore was surrendered by cap- rangement of administration that

March 31.


was appointed, going on, or likely ministry; and the other was to move to be formed. If the chancellor had for a Itronger address to his majesty, any satisfactory information to lay to be delivered in the most folema before the house, he would defißt manner by the speaker in person. from bringing forward a motion To the first of these proceedings, which the state of affairs had sug, he was afraid there were powerful gested to him; if not, he would objections. A committee of intake the liberty to propose it. Mr. quiry, in the course of their prou Pitt informed him that he had re. ceedings, would be necefficaced to figned the ottice of chancellor of the examine many persons, and to put Exchequer; and that it was impof- many interrogatories; and thus , fible for him to fav whether any are great deal of private conversation rangement was going forward or not; might be drawn forth which might but that the royal message to the ad. be very improper for the public dress of the commons ought to pro. eye.

On this account he was in. duce the fullest conviction, that any duced to prefer the mode of an admotion with regard to an arrange

dress to the king; and he believed ment of minifters, was altogether that the grounds which made the unnecessary. Lord Surrey was dif. interpulition of the house so nefatisfied with this antwer, and pro- ceffary, were so palpable, that it ceedej to fulfil his intentions.

would be ridiculous to enlarge upHe had revolved much in his on them. mind to discover the mode of pro

The motion of his lordship was ceeding that was most commend. seconded by Mr. Jervoise Clerke able io the present emergency. He Jervoise. But it was displeasing to was aoxious to show every poslible Mr. Pitt, who conceived that the

! mark of respect for the crown, and language of it was much too strong; could not poflibly think of any wan, and that it was most indecent, imton or indeceni interference with mediately upon the receipt of the the prerogative. In this fituation king's message, to declare that the he had drawn up the following mo. interference of the house was ne. tion, " That a confiderable tine cessary. having now elapsed without an ad- Lord John Cavendish, and lord miniftration responsible for the con- North were likewise dissatisfied with dud of public affairs, the interpo. the motion. They thought that it fation of this house on the present was not so guardedly expressed as it alarming crisis is become neces. ought to have been. The word insary."

ter pofition founded harshly to them, His lordship, having read his mo. and it was their with that he would tion, declared, that'it it was adopt. withdraw his motion. As he had ed he meant to make it the bafis of mentioned, however, an address, it another proceeding. But with re. seemed not improper to lord John gard to the measure which he wish. Cavendish that he thould move is ed to stand on the foundation of this instead of his resolution, motion he had some hesitation. It appeared not to lord Surrey There were two modes of acting; that any conclusive objection could the one was to propole a committee be made to his motion : but as the to inquire into the causes which had filence of the house seemed to con. prevented the formation of a new firm what had beçn advanced against 1783,


it, he would rclign to it his opinion. upon principles of Itrength and sa. The motion being withdrawn, his bílity, suited to the state of his ma. lordship moved his address, which jesty's affairs both at home and 2• was of the following import. " That broad. And this house most hum. an humble address be presented to bly repeats its application to his ina. his majesty, to express the dutiful jesty, that he will take such mca. and gratelul sense this house enter. fures towards this object, as may tains of the gracious intentions ex- become his most gracious difpofi. prefled in his royal message. To tion, and quiet the anxiety and apall'ure his majettı, ihat it is with the prehenfions of his faithful subjects." moit perfect reliance on his pater- This motion was seconded by Mr. pal goodness, and with an entire de- Jervoise Clerke Jervoise; but an ference to his royal wisdom, that idea prevailing that an adminiftra. this house again submits to his con- tion was immediately to be formed, fide arion the urgency as well as the it was withdrawn. The earl of importance of the affairs which re. Surrey, however, pledged himself to quire an immediate appointment of the house to take an carly opportusuch an alıniniftr.tion as his majes. nity to revive it, if it should hapty, in compiance with the wishes of pen that any farther delay mould his faithtule mmons, has given rea- prevail in the appointment of a new son to expect. 10 assure his ma- ministry. jesty that all delays in a matter of The vigorous conduct of the com. this momeat have an inevitable mons was not cafily to be refifted. tendency to weaken the authority of the ministers, reluctant to quit the his government, to which this house luxury of power and its emolu. is not more bound by duty than led ments, lingered in office till the lat by inclination to give an effcctual moment. The unyielding and de. and conftitutional support. To l'e- termined spirit of their adverasaries present to his majesty, that the con- obrained a complete vic. fidence of foreign powers may be tory. The Duke of Port- April 2, weakened by a failure of the ordi. land was promoted to be first lord of nary means of a constant communi. the Treasury. Lord North and cation with them; that the final Mr. Fox were appointed the prin. execution of the treaties, with the cipal secretaries of state. Lord John important and decisive arrangements Cavendisha was made chancellor of of a commercial and political na- the Exchequer. Lord Keppel took ture in consequence of a lare revo- the lead in the Admiralty; lord lution; that a provision for the Stormont was created president of heavy expences and the important the council; and the earl of Car. services voted ; that the orderly re. life was advanced to be keeper of duction of the forces and the ex. the privy-seal. The minifteri pences of a new establishment; that formed a very respectable cabinet; the settlement of national credit fc. and the subordinaie offices of gorioully affe&t: the critical itate of the vernment were filled by their supe East India company: that these, porters and friends. But the new with other important concerns, ministers were hardly appointed do severally, and much more col. when a plan to oppose them was jectively, require an efficient and al o framed; and when it was un refponfible administration, formed derstood that in the house of peers

their measures would find a ftrenu. that in the house of commons they ous oppofition from the duke of had to dread no less the hostility of Richmond and lord Thurlow; and Mr. Pitt and Mr. Jenkinson.


C H A P. Vị
Debate in the House of Lords on the Iris Jurifdition Bill. American Affairs,

Motion by Mr. Fox concerning the American Track. As Amendment upon it
by Mr. Eden. The American Manifef Bill.

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ties were meditating dif- freedom was as perfect as poffible; tinctive schemes of advantage, an but he thought that something important debate took place in the ought to be done to cement the con house of peers, concerning “ The nexion of the two countries. A bill for removing and preventing all fyfter should be formed to promote doubts which had arisen or might their mutual interests. The pare arife concerning the exclusive rights liament had in fact abandoned the of the parliament and the courts of exercise of internal legilacion over Ireland, in matters of legillation Ireland; but a connexion Nould be and judicature; and for preventing establimed betwen them by mutual any writs of error or appeal from consent, on a folid and permanenc any of his majesty's courts in that ground. He meaned not to oppose kingdom from being received, heard, the present bill; but he would glade or adjusted in any of his majesty's ly be informed whether the new ada courts in the kingdom of Great ministration were to adopt it as a Britain."

part of their own system, or wheThe bill appeared to be of high ther they were to confider it merely import to the duke of Richmond, as the measure of a former ministry: who declared that he was an enemy If the bill had their approbation, it to the idea that the parliament of was their duty to state to the house England should assume the power that they had formed plans in conto exercise internal legislation over formity to it, and were willing to Ireland. It was his opinion that take its responsibility upon them. the exercise of such a power was not felves. If, however, they disapmore offensive to the constitution of prored of the bill, it became them England than fubversive of the io oppose it. There was another rights of Ireland. He could not peculiarity of conduct which they conceive that one country could might follow. They might allow the possess a right to make laws for an. bill to pass as the scheme of a former other, either internally or exter. adminiftration, without engaging nally, without its consent and apo at all in a plan with regard to Iseo probation. In respect to Ireland, her land. If this was their meaning, he defire to be emancipated from the was defirous that they lould fay so legislation of the British parliament, in order that the house might con ought to be considered as a claim fult their feelings and duty wpon the that could pot be dispensed with. occafion.


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His lordship professed that he en. any thing more for Ireland than kertained nor any doubt of the line the passing of the bill now under cerity and good intentions of the discussion; which would only sepa. noble duke who was at ihe head of race her from Great Britain, and affairs. But there was a compofi- leave us in as small a connexion tion, in the present administration, of with it, as Hanover was at this ingredients so oppolite and fo con- hour. Should this unfortunately tradictory, that he could not but turn out to be the case, very imgive way to a great degree of un- portant consequences might be ap. eafines and alarm. While he could prehended. War it fit or expedi rely on ihe noble duke and ķis more enț that Ireland Ghould be separated particular friends, there were other from every branch of this country persons in the ministry who had no but the crown ? This of itself bad ti le to bis confidence. There was something alarming in it. But there in it in high office, a noble lord, who were other conliderations which had been long in the habit of pure ought to be weighed with serious. fiing schemes which had involved nels. If the separation alluded to the nation in calamity and distress. took effect, it would be followed with The principles of this noble lord consequenceş in regard to peace and could not be reconciled with the war, to rivallhip in commerce, eco interests of the people of these clefiaftical matters, and other points principles he had formerly been im- of the deepest moment. In the pressed with the greatest deteftarion; eyent of such a separation, Eng. and he could not now entertain à land inight have occasion to go to more favourable opinion of them, war, and Ireland might think her. after the wonderful junction which self at liberiy to be at peace. She had been effected. Éven in the mo. mighe refuse any supply or aid to ment of this junction the noble lord support the greatness of the empire, had declared in the house of com. In the view of negociations for peace mons that he had not departed from the might object to articles agreed his principles. There was some. to by England. In matter of com. thing ominous in this declaration, merce to be concluded by the Eng: As the noble lord had been the line with foreign powers, the might cause of all the uneasiness and op: be disposed to declare her diffent, přellion which had been telt and and tó engage in altercation and complained of by Ireland,' ang of disputes. On the subject of reliher having recourse to aims to vin- gu'n there might be foreseen dan. dicate her rights," he could perceive girs of the moft ferious kind. The no hopes of his proper interference Roman Catholics in Ireland were in its behalf. I he noble lord had calculated, with regard to the Proopposed the l.in repeatedly in their teftants, to be in the proportion of trade and consequence; and if ihe seven to one ; and though they had future was to be conje&tured from now no share in the legillature and the past, his hoftility to them would government of their country, yet continue.' If nu in marion was in the extension of that spirit of li. given that the no le lor had seen berality which had pervaded all the his error and had renounced it, nations of Europe, and distinguishthere was the strungest probability” ed them so peculiarly, it might haptë fuprose that the prient ministry pen that their claim to an equal par. had no serious intention of doing ticipation in the rights of citizens

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