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The noble lord had been pleased to whether he could call his noble
say, that when the crown was rob- friend's pretension to be exempted
bed of its influence and power, none

from the operation of the bill, a
but desperate and neely adventurers promise or a bargain. But from
would accept of office. The speech the sense of the committee, he hop-
was pailionate and unmeaning. Fored that the foundation upon which
if the crown had neither power nor he spoke for lord Thurlow would be
influenoe, it was not probable that allowed to be folid, and would re-
its favour could be an object of ceive the protection of parliament.
pursuit to the desperate or the needy: Mr. Fox affirmed that ihe case
For in that case it could neither hold was obvious, and could not well be
our protection or riches to them. misunderstood. In the two views
He willed not, however, to repress in which it presented itself, it
the defire of the noble lord atter af- would lead to different lines of con-
fiuence. Pretensions to disinterest- duct. A promise was one thing, and
edness were often boasted of, and of a bargain another. To the proviso
ten affected. It might be right there furly could be no objeétion, if
that his lordship should partake of the fact was that lord Thurlow had
the wealth, which he seemed to actually bargained for a tellership of
confider as só eflential a qualification the Exchequer. It had long been
for office.

boasted of extravagantly by the
Mr. Huffey considered the pro. friends of the learned lord that he had
mise to lord Thurlow as a bargain accepted the feals unconditionally.
between the crown and his lordthip. The proudest eulogies of his disin,
Upon whatever ground the matter terestedness had been heard; yet his
could be put, it was impossible to panegyrists were now inclined to a.
conceive that the engagement could vow, that he had made a bargain
be disannulled. The proceedings of for a tellership when he renounced
the commons ought not to be go. his profession to take the seals. It
verned by narrow but by liberal was impossible that these things
views. They were to look to cquity could be true; and as he detested
rather than to the rigid letter of the impostors of every kind, he was
law.

anxious to arrive at the fact. He
The proviso of Mr. Rigby, upon therefore called on the friends of-the
being moved, was carried without noble lord to stand forward and
a divlion. But while Mr. Rigby avow it.
was thus successful in a committee Mr. Pitt declared that the ques.

upon the bill; yet upon the tion had now assumed a new shape ;

report of the committee to and that there was in it something far
the house, his efforts for lord Thur. more interesting than whether Iord
low were less fortunate. To give Thurlow Mouid get the tellership
the greater strength to his proviso, and its emoluments. The personal
he expressed it in new language, and honour of lord Thurlow was con-
be reited it on the foundation that cealed. His character was no ob-
in the patent for lord Thurlow's ject of sport; and it became a noble
penfion, bis majesty had been pleaf- lord to state with precision the com-
ed to promise the place of a teller- plexion of the transaction.
Mhip of the Exchequer to him when Lord Norch understanding him-
be accepted the office of chancellor felf be called upon, asserted
of Great Britain. He did'not know roundly, that it conlifted not with

July 7.

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his knowledge that any bargain declined it. In the present case for the tellership had been made there was a promise and not a baro with lord Thurlow. He protefted, gain. He would give however, notwithstanding, that if any bare his voice for the proviso, as there gain had been made there could might, perhaps, be a want of libehave been no disionour in it. Pro- rality in distinctions of this nature. fessional men leaving lucrative fitu- The sentiments of the house were ations for percarious grandeur, had different from those of lord North ; a title to compensations. Bargains and the proviso was lost by a majo of the kind alluded to had nothing rity of 57 against 48. After some disgarceful in them. They had farther debate, the bill for establishbeen made by lord Hardwické, lord ing certain regulations in the Ex. Northington, and lord Camden. chequer was agreed to and ordered No such transaction, however, had to be ingrossed. In the house of been concluded by lord Thurlow, lords it was received, and passed His majesty had offered the teller, without an amendment. thip to the noble lord, and he had

CHAP. XIX.

Linen and Cotton Manufactures. Bill for their Encouragement. Muting

Bill. The Half-pay Provincial Corps. Lord Rodney's Penfion. The Penfion to General Eliott. East India Company. The Bill of Lord Efingbam concerning Infolvent Debtors.

to the commons from persons zerland. A committee accordingly concerned in the linen and cotton deliberating upon the subject of manufactures, in which they en- these manufactures, approved of treated a drawback upon soap and the following resolutions, which other articles employed by them ; were reported to the house by fir and the house taking the subject in. Henry Houghton. to consideration, Mr. Stanley urged “ That in the present state of the the neceflity of Aowing favour to conimerce of Great Britain, the the petitioners. He enlarged on preservation of the cotton and the the great importance of the linen linen manufactures is an object of and cotton manufactures, and ex- the utmost importance, and deserves plained the propriety of allowing the serious and immediate consider. drawbacks on soap, starch, brim. ation of the house. stone, vitriol, and other articles " That a drawback be allowed out consumed in the preparation of the of the duties now payable on soap at raw materials of flax and cotton. the rate of three farthings for every From these manufactures a valuable pound weight of hard soap that thail source of revenue had arisen to go. be used and consumed in preparing vernment. It was therefore proper and finishing all manufactures from to encourage them; and this was fax and cotton for sale, the more expedient as they were in cept linen whitened in the piece for some hazard or danger from the ri- faie, under certain regularcns and valry of foreign artificers in Hol. restrictions.

" That

ex

“ That a drawback be allowed doubted. Their merits as soldiers, out of the duties payable on starch, and their sufferings as loyalists were of one penny halfpenny on every claims which could not be resisteda pound weight of ftarch used and to the house the proposition of his consumed in preparing and finiling lordship appeared to be right and all manufactures from flax and cot- reasonable in the greatest degrees ton tor sale, . excepting such starch and it was carried without a divias thall be consumed in finishing new fion. linen in the piece for sale, subject to A message from the king was now certain regulations and restrictions. presented to the house by lord John

“That a drawback be allowed Cavendish. It was read by the out of the duties payable on starch, speaker, and was of the following of three-pence for every pound import. weight of starch used and consum

“ George R. ed in finishing new linen in the peice for sale, subject to certain re- “ His majesty having caken into gulations and restrictions.

his royal consideration the many " That a drawback be allowed of eminent and signal services performall duties payable on the importation ed by George Bridges Rodney, lord of brimstone, and saltpetre used and Rodney, vice admiral of England, consumed in making oil of vitriol, and one of the admirals of the white, under certain regulations and re- his conduct in the West Indies in strictions."

three several engagements in the These resolutions being put and months of April and May 1780, carried, a bill in conformity to them with a superior French fleet under was prepared and brought in by the command of the Count de Guia fir Henry Houghton, Mr. Stan- chen, and his great ane glorious vicley, Mr. Dempster, and fir George tories over the Spanish fleet on the Yonge. It was presented accord- 16th day of January, 1780, on his ingly to the house, and being agreed voyage to the relief of Gibraltar, to, was carried to the peers, and re- and over the French in the West Inceived their concurrence. About dies on the inth of April 1782 ; the same time, the royal assent was not only highly honourable to him given to an " Act for punishing mu• felf, but greatly beneficial to his matiny and desertion, and for the bet. jesty's kingdoms 3 and being desirous ter payment of the army and their to beltow upon the said George quarters, within the realm of Great Bridges Rodney, lord Rodney, fome Britain."

confiderable and lasting mark of his The attention of the royal favour, as a testimony of his June 27. house of commons

was majesty's approbation of the faid now directed to the provincial corps. services, and for this purpose to give Lord North stated, that several and grant unto the said George provincial battalions had been rais. Bridges Rodney, and to the two ed in America; and that the of- next succeeding heirs male of the ficers of these having abandoned body of the laid George Bridges their possessions and risked their lives Rodney, lord Rodney, to whom the in the service of Great Britain were title of lord Rodney fall descend, proper objects of justice. To allow for and during their lives, a nett them balf pay was a measure of annuity of two thousand pounda per which the propriety could not be annam; but his majesty not having 1783.

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it in his power to grant an annuity performed by him to his majesty and to that amount, or to extend the this country, by his brave and gal. effect of the said grant beyond the lant defence of Gibraltar, and for term of his own life, recommends it that purpose to grant to the said fit to his faithful commons to consider George Augustus

Eliott, for the term of a proper method of enabling his of his life, and for the life of his majesty to grant the same, and of son Francis Augustus Eliott, an anextending, securing and settling nuity of one thousand five hundred such annuity to the said George pounds per annum; but it not being Bridges Rodney, lord Rodney, and in his majesty's power to grant the to the two next persons on whom the same, or to settle the said annuity title of lord Rodney fall descend, beyond the term of his own life, his in such manner as shall be though majesty recommends it to his faithmost effectual for the benefit of the ful commons to consider of a profaid George Bridges Rodney, lord per method of enabling his inajesty, Rodney and his family.

to grant the said annuity, and of G. R." settling and securing the fame in the

most effectual manner, for the beneThe approbation with which this fit of the said fir George Augustus message was received, was univer- Eliott. fal; but there being some difficulty

G. R." with regard to the period when the pension should commence, there was This message was received like the à general cry, of " the twelfth of former one, with great cordiality; April! the glorious twelfth of April!' and the commons resolved, “ That It was accordingly agreed to by the the annual suin of one thousand five commons, “ That the annual tum hundred pounds be granted to his of two-thoutand pounds be granted majesty out of the aggregate fund to his majesty out of the aggregate to commence from the thirteenth fund, to commence from the twelfth day of September 1982 ; and be day of April, 1782, and be settled settled in the most beneficial manner in the most beneficial manner, upon upon the right honourable sir George the present lord Rodney, and the two Augustus Eliott, during his life and next succeeding heirs male of his the life of his son Francis Augustus lordflip, to whom the barony of Eliott." The house of peers were Rodney Mall descend."

not less respectful than the commons At this time there was also pre- to lord Rodney and governor Eli. sented to the commons by lord John ott; and the acts entitling them to Cavendish, a message from the king their pensions were passed unobjecte to the advantage of governor Eliott. cd to and unamended. It was of the following import. The affairs of the East In

dia company being now ap

July 1. “ George R.

pealed to by fir Henry Fletcher, its “ His majesty being desirous of distress was described, and the exconferring some signal mark of his pediency pointed out of entering in. royal favour upon the right honour. to resolutions for its protection and able fir George Augustus Eliott, advantage. - Lord John Cavendish knight of the inoft honourable or ir. fisted on the intimate connexion der of the Bath, for the very di- which prevailed between the credit stinguished and important services and success of this company, and

the

the general interest of the public at and even those errors had been core large. The prosperity of the one rected in subsequent bills. It denecessarily involved that of the served not to be considered as a mo. other. An immediate alistance was del. Regularity, however, requirrequisite to support the credit of the ed that the bill of the noble lord company, and invigorate its opera- fhould be printed. tions. The claim of the govern- The earl of Effingham contended ment upon the company was great; that every delay ought to be avoided and it might be prudent not to use in a manner where humanity was it for some months. It was like- so deeply concerned; and did not wife a matter of policy to enable it perceive, but that the ceremony of to raise the sumn of three hundred printing his bill might be dispensed thousand pounds to recover from the with ; lince it was exactly similar to disgrace that threatened it. In these that brought forward in the year measures there was nothing that was 1776. pleasant to government; but necef- It was carried, notwithstanding, Gty could not be relifted; and the that the bill of the earl of Effingham with-holding this äid from the com- fhould be printed; and when it pany might lead to a great national came to be read a second time, his oppression.

lordsliip moved to call for witnesses The coinmon's being sensible of to substantiate before the peers the the propriety of extending their pa. miserable condition of the unfortutronage to the East-India company nate men whom he wished to serve. went into the sentiments of lord In this motion he was opposed by John Cavendish. A bill for this lord Mansfield, who confidered the purpose was accordingly brought production of witnefles as unnecefinto the house; and passed finally larý: for that bills of the nature into an act.

alluded to were rather matters of In the house of lords, the subject policy than of humanity. of an insolvent bill was at this time Lord Walfingham wished that the agitated. The earl of Effingham motion might not be presled. He urged the necessity of the interference had apprehenfions, however, from of the legislature to rescue multi. the multitude of prisoners who were tudes of unfortunate men from the crowded together in one place. Dife wretchedness of poverty and pri. cases might break out among them, fons, and to restore them to fociety and spread through the kingdom. and their relations. It became the He therefore thought that some mes peers to enter seriously into a full thod should be fallen upon to preand careful revision of the laws be- vent a danger of this sort. cween debtor and creditor ; and to Lord Thurlow enlarged upon the provide regulations, of which the mischiefs which resulted from bills efficacy and justice would be per. in favour of infolvent debtors. Ex* manent. He moved, therefore, for perience had thewn that little advanan insolvent bill upon the plan of tage was to be derived from them ; that which had been passed in the and it was obvious that they went

to dispense with the laws of the land, The carl of Mansfield objected to and to declare that they were inade. á partial bill; and approved not of quate to the ends for which they the plan of the bill which had passed had been framed. in the year 1776. It had errors ; The earl of Efingham was con.

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year 1776.

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