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minister an oath to persons to accuse pared its regulations to the dreams themselves of an indictable crimi- of a hermit in his cell, and to the nality. This was a stroke of ty- fanciful pictures drawn by a visionranny indeed! It was not to be per- ary in his own chamber, where the mited. It was repugnant to law, pictures are more or less fantastic juflice, humanity, and common according to the brilliancy or the senie.

gloominels of his imagination. The motion of lord' Temple, up- When the question was put the on putting the question, was loft by bill was rejected by a majority of a majority of 32 to 22. The prin- 40 to 24. But the following protest ciple and tendency of the bill were was entered againit the proceedings then attacked by carl Fitzwilliam. upon it. He condemned them as fucile and trifling ; as plausible in appearance,

- Diffenticnt, but as defe&ive, and without foli- “ I. Because the information dity; as better calculated to give laid before the house of commons, trouble than advantage ; and as pre- authenticating many facts of gross ludes to useless investigation. Earl abuse and misinanagement, upon Temple declared, that as their lord which, it is presumed, this bill was hips had refused to indulge him there passed, was refused by a mawith those papers for which he had jority of this house. moved, it was not in his power to " II. Because various facts ad. enter into the merits of the bill with duced in debate to prove the exitt. a full information. He was not, ence of gross abuse and mismanagehowever, entirely ignorant of the ment, were on all hands admitted. bufiness; and he made a ftate of the 66 111. Because this house refused fees, gratuities, and gifts, in the dif- even to entertain a bill founded ferent offices. He exposed the in- upon the information contained in potitions which had taken place un- those papers, and maturely confi. der these different claims, and he dered and adjusted in the other moved that the bill should be com- house; and because no adequate mitted. The duke of Portland af- solution was proposed, that held a firmed that the bill, instead of have reasonable expectation that these ing the operation of a remedy, was abuses would be redressed in the itself a disease. It would create an common course and practice of of. endless trouble. To carry it into fice. effect it would be necesary to examine three thousand persons. Ten

RADNOR, years would pass away before re

OSBORNE, ports could be made to the Trea

ABINGDON, fury. The bill was not a reform

DE FERRERS, but a vexation. The establiment

SAY AND SELE, of its plan would involve the pub.

SYDNEY, lic in the expence of one hundred

NUGENI TEMPLE, thousand pounds; and yet it would

CHANDOS, not effect the intended purposes. He

FERRERS, would therefore put his negative

CHATHAM, upop it. Lord Stormont declaimed

RUTLAND." against its inconveniencies, and com


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June 5. T of Scotland exhibited and informed him, that the present

Motion concerning the Importation of Corn into Scotland.

Motion concerning the Civil Eliablishment of the Colonies

. Petition again the Receipt Tax by the City of London. A general Debate concerning the Taxes.

HE parts folly at this period a scene of extreme sealon did not allow of petulance or wretchedness. The late unproduc- trifling: The necessity was pressing, tive harvest had reduced the inhabi. and admitted not of delay. Hu. tants of those districts to a fare, manity, policy, and good sense, all of humiliating indigence. Proper demanded that the relief fought for vouchers and memorials of their ca. fhould be administer ed. lainitous condition were produced It was now moved by Mr. Dempbefore the commons; and Mr. fter, “ That the commislioners of Pulteney and Mr. Dempster infiited the land-tax of the faid counties be that they ought to take their distress enabled to levy a sum not exceeding into consideration, and to think of fourteen pounds Scots, on every means for supporting a useful body hundred pounds Scots of the valued of his majesty's subjects against the rent of the said counties, and to ap. Scourge of unforeseen and inevitable ply the same to the relief of the misfortune. Their descriptions of inhabitants as are or shall be reducthe misery of the northern divifions ed to poverty by the failure of the of Scotland were full of philan- last year's crop, and the scarcity and throphy; and Mr. Dempster, con- high price of corn occafioned therevinced that the humanity of the by." This resolution being carried, house could not resist bis call, took it was farther moved by Mr. Dempthe liberty to move, " That his ster, " That an humble address be majesty thould be enabled, by and presented to his majesty, that this with the advice of the privy coun: house, in consequence of his macil, to allow the importation of jetty's most gracious speech from corn for a time not exceeding tour the throne, has bestowed constant months, from the third day of Sep- attention to the scarcity and high teraber next, into the several coun- price of corn, and that notwithties of Perth, Kincardine, Aber- ftanding the several falutary laws deen, Inverness, Ross, Nairne, Cro- for the relief of the poor, the efmartie, Argyle, Forfar, Bamff

, fects of the high price and scarcity Sutherland, Caithness, Elgin, Dum. of corn are still felt by many of his barton, Orkney, and Zetland, under majesty's loyal subjects : that it apcertain restrictions and limitations." pears from evidences brought before

The marquis of Graham second. this house, that the inhabitants of ed the motion, and recommended the Highlands and northern parts of it in the strongest manner. Sir Scotland in particular, have suffer. Joseph Mawbey objected to it; and ed most severely from the lateness of with great illiberality threw out the late harvest, whereby their corn reflections against the Scottish na- while green was covered with snow, tion, Lord Jobu Cavendith was and in many places was not gathers


ed in till the month of December, discharging the salaries of the civil and then in a very bad condition : officers of East and West Florida, that the crop of potatoes, on which Georgia and Senegambia, which the said inhabitants principally de- belonged to us no longer, were not pend for support, was also destroy, intended for the continuance of ed by the froft ; that many of the the civil establishments, but to desaid inhabitants being thereby re- fray the arrears due to the officers duced to indigence, will either be till Midsummer next, from which constrained to emigrate, or be exposed period their emoluinents were to to the danger of perishing for want cease. This accordingly would be of food, unless timely measures be the last application to parliament in devised for their relief: that the re'pect to those provinces, with the diftrelies occasioned by famine be. exception of East Florida, the ciing generally most extreme in the vil officers and the inhabitants of summer months immediately pre which would not be fo easily remove ceding the new harvest, when this ed. There might, therefore, he a house may not be fitting; that for necessity of applying for a farther aid these reasons it is neceffary most to them. The amount of the civil huinbly to beseech his majesty, that establishment of the island of St, he will be graciously pleased to give John, was nearly the fame with such directions as may lead most ef. that of the lait year. But with fectually to avert the evils that are regard to Nova Scoria, there was a to be apprehended from the above finall difference which arose from calamitous state of the northern the circumftance, that colonel Fanparts of Scotland; and to affure ning was appointed governor of it, bis majesty, that this house will with a salary of five hundred pounds make good, out of the first aids per annum. To this appointment that shall be granted by parlia- he had been conducted by his mement, such expences as shall be in- rits, his sufferings in the cause of curred by his majesty in relieving his country, and his unfhaken loythe misery to which his majesty's alty to his sovereign. An addition of unhappy subjects may be reduced two hundred pounds a year had also by this most deplorable calami- been made to the salary of the chief

justice, which increased it to nine This motion was carried without hundred pounds per annum. These opposition. Lord North now turn. peculiarities, with a few others, renting the attention of the commons dered it expedient to extend the preto the civil establishment of the co- fent establishment beyond the limits lonies, explained the peculiarity of of the one which had preceded it. their condition. It was still neces. His lord ship having made these sary to move the several estimates observations, moved the following: of the civil establishments of Nova refolations : Scotia, the island of St. John, East " That a fum not exceeding five and West Florida, Georgia, and thousand, nine hundred and fortySenegambia on the coast of Africa. three pounds, nine fillings, and As this circumstance might appear five pence, be granted to his inajesty surprising to many members, fince for defraying the civil establishment fome of these places were not now of Nova Scotia, from the first day in our poffeffion, he considered him- of January, 1963, to the firit day of felf as called upon to satisfy their January, 1784. doubts. The surns to be voted for " That a sum not exceeding three




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thousand nine hundred and fifty stamp duties on receipts ;, and set pounds be granted to his majesty for forth that there were certain clauses defraying the civil establiment of and provisions contained in the said East Florida, from the 24th day of bill, which the petitioners appreJune, 1982, to the 24th day of hended, in case the fame should pals Junc, 1783

into a law, would be very injurious " That a fum not exceeding four to the manufacturers, trade, and thousand nine hundred and leven. commerce of the kingdom. It herety pounds, four fillings, and one fore entreated and prayed, that the penny, be granted to his majesty to petitioners might be heard by their defray the falaries due to the civil counsel againīt the said claufes and officers of the late province of West provisions; and that they should Florida, to the 24th day of June, have such relief as the house Mould 1783.

think to be expedient and proper. " That a fum not exceeding three The lord mayor insisted on the thousand one hundred and fifty justice of this petition, and on the pounds, be granted to his majesty propriety that counsel should be for defraying the civil establisıment heard against the bill of which it conof the island of St. John, from the plained. Sir Grey Cooper urged first day of January, 1783, to the the impropriety of hcaring counsel first day of January, 178+.

against a tax proposed as a means “ That a fum not exceeding three of paying the interest of the loan thousand three hundred and forty for the service of the current year. pounds, be granted to his majefty for In the best of times, and by the beft payment of the falaries of the civil of men, it had been allowed to be officers of the province of Georgia, a wise, expedient, and a politic regufrom the 24th day of June, 1782, lation, to reject every petition of to the 24th day of June, 1783. fered against a tax for the current

“ That a fum not exceeding year. This rule had even grown two thousand four hundred and an invariable practice. This fifty pounds, be granted to his ma-rule and practice might be traced jesty for defraying the salaries of back to the year 1693, when a the civil officers of the late pro- number of peritions were presented vinces of Senegambia, to the 24th to the house of commons against the day of June, 1783.".

proposed taxes. Upon various and These resolutions paired just confiderations, the danger and June 11. without dilliculty. A impropriety of such petitions ftruck petition was now presented by the the house fo forcibly, that they enTheriffs from the lord mayor, alder- tered into a resolution to reje&t them men, and commons of the city of uniformly in the future.

It was London, in common council allem- also well known, that in the year bled. It complained of the bill for 1733, when the famous general repealing the act for charging a excife scheme was in agitation, stamp duty upon inland bills of ex- a great variety of petitions from change, promissory notes, or other London, and other cities and towns, notes payable otherwise than upon desiring to be heard by counsel demand; and for granting new staip- against it, were presented; and that duties on bills of exchange, promise the house was mature and clear in fory and other notes; and also rejecting them. He was, therefore, 3



decidedly of opinion, that the city cessary to prevent the evasion of it. of London, in the present instance, A bill therefore was brought in, should not be heard by their counsel. fraught with these regulations, and

The lord mayor denied that the calculated to improve the mode of rule appealed to had been invariably its collection. The bill respecting adhered to. He stated the case of the the house-tax was professedly a bill house-tax, when the city of Lon. to explain and amend, and not a don were heard by counsel at the bar bill to impose a new tax. of the house of commons. Sir The lord mayor did not imagine Charles Bamfield declared, that he that it would excite the envy or refound himself in an awkward situ. sentment of any other city, if Lonation. He had engaged to present don, the metropolis of the kinga petition from the city of Exeter, dom, Tould be perinitted to be fimilar in every respect to that heard by counsel against the tax. which had been fent up by the city London was the guardian and the of London. The speaker intimated protector of the commercial interthat it had been long the practice ests of the nation; and in the preof the commons, in confideration sent instance, her sole view was to of the importance of the city of prevent inconvenience to trade. London, to receive any petition of. The interests of every other city fered by its theriffs, without having and town, were connected insepaany previous notification of its con- rably with hers; and they would tents. It was impoflible, there. furely be disposed to support her in fore, that the nature and purpose of her endeavours to procure a relief such a petition could be known, till of which the operation was extenit had been read at the table. But five and general. with regard to any other city, or to Mr. Fox observed, that the city any town, or county in the king- of London had the indisputed pridom, no perition could be received, vilege of having their peritions reunless a member should rise in his ceived without a previous advertiseplace, state the nature of it, and ment of their contents. The privio move for leave to bring it up. lege however, was of little vale. This, no doubt, was unwritten law; . For the moment that its purposes but it had the sanction of usage and were understood, the house might univerfality, and could not be dif- refuse to take it into consideration, puted.

To say that the tax was a bad one, Lord North animadverted on the because there were numerous coinhouse-tax, which, he said, had no plaints against it, was a fallacious relation to the case in point. That argument. This was a proof that was not a petition against a tax to the tax would be productive; that make good the intereit of the mo- it would not be partial but general; Bey borrowed for the service of the that it would not be severe upon a current year; nor was the city heard few, but extend lightly over all

. It by their counsel upon a plea of this was a merit in a tax that it went fort. They petitioned, and were to affeet all ranks of men. Yet heard against a regulating tax in such a tax would be unpopular; agitation the second year after insti- and every body would exclaim atution of the tax itself. It was gainst it. found that the tax was unproductive; The idea pressed by the lord and that certain regulations were ne. mayor, that the city of London


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