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and Spain, we might upon an occa. vague declamation and oratorical fion like this have relied on their Aourishes. The fashionable logic generofity. They would have re- which delighted in words was raspected the cause of humanity; and ther calculated to confound what if their assistance had been asked, it was plain, than to unravel what would have been interposed in the was intricate. The matter under service of men whom we have de discussion was not difficult. It was serted and betrayed. Personal ha- whether they should agree to ap. tred and revenge were never car- proach the throne fairly and how ried farther than in Ireland after the nestly with an address of thatiks for abdication of James II.; yet in the the peace; or whether they should articles of Limerick, though only go to it insidiously, with an address ftipulations for the surrender of a of thanks for a peace which they town, there was not the smallest dif. condemned. The simple recital of ficulty in admitting the most fa. this business was a proof of the abvourable engagements for the Ro- furdity of the question - under de man Catholics who had acted 2- bate. It was highly wild to thank gainst king William. The records his majesty for what they disapof ancient and modern Aory might proved; to tender to him their apbe turned over in vain to find any probation for concluding a peace instance of fo perfidious and shame. which they declared to be inadequate ful a defertion of men who had put to their juft expectations, inconsiste every thing that was dear to them to ent with the relative situation of the hazard from a reliance on our since. belligerent powers, and derogatory rity and faith... The cruelty of their to the honout and dignity of the treatment while it is in itself ex- empire. If the amendment on the cellive, was even erbittered by a original motion were divested of the refinement of cruelty, for which no impofing art of dress and language, koguage has any epithet that is it would immediately flow its-deproper. They are allowed the space formity. It was inconsistent with of one year to solicit their prose- the dignity of the crown and of the cutors for that mercy which their peers. The latter ought not to adfriends refused; they are desired to mit it as a part of the address, and it beg their bread of those by whom became not the crown to receive ita they have been firipped of their pro- If the king's ministers deserved cenperty; and folicitations are prefer- fure, it ought to be inflicted openly, red to thom to kiss the hands which and not in an indirect manner. In are stained with the blood of their the one conduct he obferved there fachers and brothers, and to repur- was meanness; but in the other there chale possessions which they have was manliness and greatness of mind. no money to pay for.

At length the houle divided, and the The lord chancellor (poke on the address was carried by a majority of other side of the question. He 72 to 59. meant not, he said, to give way to

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Motion in the House of Commons by Mr. T. Pitt, for an Address of Thanks on

the Peace. An Amendment on this Motion is proposed by Lord John Can vendish. An Addition to the Amendment is movied by Lord North. Consequent Debates. The Division is carried against the Ministry.

A us,

It was

N address of thanks to the ruin. It was peace only that could of the house of lords, was moved for and by reitoring our commerce. in the commons by Mr. T. Pitt, Peace accordingly had been obtained and seconded by Mr. Wilberforce. on the best terms which could be neIn the two houses there necessarily gociated ; and it promised to be perprevailed a fimilarity of reasoning; manent. but it is proper to detail the pro- Lord John Cavendish declared ceedings of both on a subject so ime that he was fond of peace; but that portant as the negociations for a

the question was not will you have peace. The matter, however, which this peace, or continue the war? was thrown out in the house of peers The real question was, under our shall be as little touched upon as present circumstances, could a betpossible; and thus, upon the whole, ter peace have been obtained ? the argument of the contending This topic did not admit of an easy parties in parliament will appear answer, and called for a serious dein a form the more perfect and con- liberation. The whole of the evisile.

dence necessary to be weighed in de Mr. T. Pitt and Mr. Wilber- liberating upon a point of this kind force exerted themselves to demon- was not actually produced. The Itrate, that at this juncture, peace negociations with the Dutch were was effentially necessary for the still uncertain.

proper, falvation of the country. They therefore, to pause a little, and to ftated the immense sums which had hesitate. He proposed, accordingbeen lavified away in a mad and a ly, that to the address for thanking calamitous war. They described his majetty for laying before the the abject condition of our finances; house the articles of the different insisted on the superior power of the treaties which he had concluded, confederacy in opposition to us ; there should be annexed the followand reminded the house that we, ing words : " His faithful comwere without an ally. It was right mons will proceed to consider of the to distinguish between force and the treaties with that serious and faithful resources without which it could not attention which a subject of such be upheld. Our seamen were brave importance to the present and fuand our navy numerous; but could rure interests of his majesty's do. any use be made of either when we minions deserves. That in the had no money to maintain them? mean time they entertain the fullef Force might be termed the body confidence in his majesty's paternal and materials of the machine; care that he will concert with his but money was the spring that alone parliament such measures as may could set it in motion. A continue be expedient for extending the comation of the war was the most certain merce of his majesty's subjects.

That 7

That whatever may be the senti- served a profound filence. But the meats of his faithful commons on address called for a vote of appro. this investigation of the terms of bation, and he had no such vote pacification, they beg leave to af. to give upon such an occasion. It fure his majesty of their firm and considered the peace as meritorious unalterable resolution to adhere in- and beneficial; but it was destrucviolably to the several articles for tive and dishonourable. He wished which the public faith is pledged, not, however, to set negociations and to maintain the blessings of afide which had been conducted unpeace, so neceffary to his majesty's der the sanction of the prerogative, subjects and the general happiness of nor to put those who advised them mankind.”

under the peril of punishment. His This amendment was approved objections notwithstanding to the and seconded by Mr. St. John. treatics were so strong that they could

Lord North affirmed that during not be surmounted. The articles with the whole course of the thirty years

the house of Bourbon were not ad. in which he had served his coun- justed upon the principle of uti pofsitry, he never rose under such un-. detis; and in the provisional treaty caliness and anxiety. It was not the equity and reciprocity so much his defire to give embarrassment to boated of, were words without any government; but he could not ap- proper meaning; all the advantages prove of a peace to which he saw lo and profit being obviously on the many serious and solid grounds of fide of the Americans. He apobjection. The conduct of the mie proved the amendment of lord John pitry surprised him. For them Cavendish; but conceived that (urely it was sufficient that their fomething was wanting to make peace thould not be opposed; but it it perfect. It ought, in his opinion, seems they wanted approbation and to have paid fome attention to the applause. It would have become condition of the loyalists. He dethem to have imitated the example plored infinitely the hard fate of of that wise and upright minister these unhappy men. But while his kbo concluded the peace of Aix la pity was extended to them all, it Chapelle ;. a peace that terminated was awakened more keenly for those a war which, like the present, had among then who had drawn the been unsuccessful. That honest sword in the cause of Great Britain. statesman, conscious of the rectitude Bound by their oaths of allegiance, of his intentions, and looking down called upon by the British parlia. alike upon adulation and censure, ment, encouraged by the procla- . contented himself with a simple pre- mations of our generals, and allur. sentation of it to the house." I ed by national assurances of secu. have laid the treaty before you, said rity, they had fought for their counhe, canvas the articles, twist them, try, and were abandoned to the maweigh them; do what you please lice of their enemies. He asked with them : if ihey are attacked it if all the surrenders we had made is my business to defend them; but in America; if the furrender of I have nothing to move upon them Charles-town, of New York, of myself.” Such he expected would Rhode Island, of Penobscot, could have been the conduct of the pre- not purchase security for those merifent ministers; and in that case he toricus persons. He could not bewould have been glad to have pre- lieve that congress, who were un



able to raise one farthing to carry The lord advocate exclaimed a. on the war could be immoveable in gainst the amendment, and against a matter of this sort; and if indeed the addition made to it by lord they were fo steeled against humani. North; and from the coalition tý, it is obvious, that, if our nego- formed between the latter and Mr. ciators had stood out, France and Fox he judged that they would be Spain, who had gained fo much, both against the original motion. would have compelled America to He expreffed the utmost surprize have shewn her kindness in a cate of that men whofe political views had this kind. While he would vote for been so diametrically oppotite should the amendment, he was therefore de- ever have united; nor did he fee firous to make the following addition how they could consistently, upon to it respecting the loyalists. “And the present occafion, give their votes bis majefty's faithful coinm.ous feel upon the fame fide, and reprobate that it would be fuperfluous to ex. the pacific negociations of ihe mipress to him the regard due from the nister. The former had declared to nation to every defcription of men, an early period of the session that who, with the risque of their lives, a peace was defirable ; and the latter and the facrifice of their properties, had urged pc:tinaciously the neces. have distinguished their loyalty and fity of it, and had even written a fidelity during a long and calami. pablic letter on the subject of a treatous war." This amendment was ty with Holland. He had even af. seconded by generat Smith.

ferted that to his knowledge peace Mr. Powys was ftrenuous for the could be obtained, and that much address, and declared his fatisfac- as he disliked a certain noble lord, tion with the peace in the most un.. he would even consent to negociate equivocal mariner. He disavoired for him to act as' his clerk, and to . ali personal and intereited motives; conclude a treaty. What had been and while he gloried that the first the noble lord's answer ? The noble lord of the treasury had broken the lord replied, that he would not confederacy 'in arms against this employ a negociator whom he could country, he confessed that he had not truf." This offer and this rea no great predeliction for his cha. jection were memorabls; yet men racter. He thought that this was to entirely hostile a few months ago the age of strange confederacies. had united, and were about to vote The world had seen great and arbi. against the present address. trary despots stand forth the pro- After attaeking the coalition, his tectors of an infant republic. France lordship defended the treaties. He and Spain had combined to establish said that if a peace had not been obthe rising liberties of America ; and tained, our pofleflions in the East what was wonderful, the houfe of Indies must have been lok for ever; commons now surveyed the coun- as that madınan, governor Hafta terpart of this picture. A mon- ings, had thrown every thing into strous coalition had been made be. hazard by undertaking the Maratta tween a noble lord and an illus. The articles of the provi. trious commoner. The lofty affer- fional treaty with the United States tor of the prerogative had joined in he extolled as the least likely to create alliance with the worshipper of the future uncaliness. He admired the majesty of the people.

commercial ftipulations in it, that



creditors on either side should meet ferent from the articles concluded no impediment in the recovery of upon. It would show that Mr. Fox their just claims. He was persuade never meant to make a single concesed that, with regard to the loyalists, fion to the insolent ambition of the the ministry had done every thing house of Bourbon. within the compass of their power. Mr. Sheridan touched upon the He called upon the house to recol. unreasonableness of being called to lect that Mr. Fox had once said that approve a peace in which the negohe had a peace in his pocket. He did ciations were not fully produced. not know what might be the articles For no terms with Holland, which of that peace; but he was sure that was a principal party in the confethe work of the ministry would, on deracy, had yet made their appeara comparison, be found to be far ance; and what could be conjecturmore masterly:

ed with regard to them when the Mr. Sheridan remarked the re. articles of accommodation with the flexions which had been thrown out other powers were so wildly unjust against the coalition of lord North and improper, it was not difficult to and Mr. Fox ; and pointed out as foresee. The ministry were the enesomething more fingular, the inti- mies of their country. Their transmate alliance which had been form- actions were an insult on the spirit ed between the lord advocate, the of a free people; and an ignominimoft pledged supporter of the high ous capitulation of the glory and inprerogative of the crown, and Mr. terests of a powerful kingdom. Pitt, the leader of the popular ad- Sir Henry Fletcher confined him. vocates for a parliamentary reform. felf to an examination of the articles He doubted not the convenience of of peace concerning the Eaft Indies. the principles of the learned lord. He affirmed that the East-Iodia comThey could perpetually fuctuate pany were by no ineans averse from with his interest. It mattered not facilitating the peace. To the comto him whether he was to advance pany the cessation of hoftilities was the prerogative, or to act to its a desirable object. He objected not overthrow. In these oppofitc lines to the restoration of Chandenagor of conduct he could preserve his and the French settlements in Benconfiftency. For his uniform object gal; because the more extensively was himself.

that trade was encouraged in that To apply, continued Mr. Sheri- country, the more advantage would dan, hypothetical motions relative result to the tast India company, to the conduct of Mr. Fox on the who were in the poffeffion of the tersubject of a peace was unfair; and ritorial revenues. But he confessed to draw inferences from such an ap- that he would gladly have seen this plication was preposterous. There article of the treaty under a guarded was a proper and wanly method of and anxious form of expreffion. It acting which might be resorted to. ought definitively to have been deThe correspondence and instructions clared that no fortifications were to to Mr. Grenville while at Paris were be erected at Chandenagor, and fill extant, and might be consulted. that no troops, farther than were neSuch a consultation, however, would cessary for police, thould be received not redound to the honour of the into it. But he at the same time present ministry, as it would unfold acknowledged, that when he took the idea of inaking a peace very dif- into confideration the state of the



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