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likewise, to his favourable notion of judicial astrology, an attachment to it was the general mistake of the day; a mistake which continued in much more enlightened times. Befides, he did n't imagine, that the disposition of the stars absolutely controlled the couse of events, or broke in upon moral agency, and human liberty. We need not say, that the charge of his being addicted to magic was founded on the groffett ignorance; or attempt to refute the ridiculous story of the brazen head, which has been applied to several other eminent men.

The more we consider the attainments of Roger Bacon, amidst the greatest obstructions, and under a long and severe persecution, the more we shall admire the vigour of his mind, the steadiness of his application, and the progress he made. Nor can we too much revere the virtues of his heart, his zeal for the public good, the freedom with which he communicated his inventions, and his rendering them all fubfervient to the belt purposes. That such a man should be lo harshly and injuriously created, fills us with the highest indignation; but thus hath the ungrateful world often used its noblést bencfactors. The injustice thewo to the person of our friar, extended also to his works. The odium cast upon his character, together with other concurring circumftances, had the unhappy influence of occasioning his writings to be so much neglected, that there was a danger of their being wholly loit; and Leland complains, that it would be easier to collect the Sybils leaves, than the titles of the books he composed. If they had not been almost enurely unknown, mankind could not have continued to long ignorant of the valuable discoveries they contain. Late, very late it was, before his merit was set in a tuli light; and we are under great obligations to those who have rescued bis name and productions from oblivion. Our acknowledgements are particulaaly due to Dr., Jebb, and the authors of the Biographia Britannica, whole excellent labours have enabled us to see, that Roger Bacon, all things considered, was, perhaps, the brightelt genius which Britain, or the world, hath produced.

BRITISH

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BRITISH AND FOREIGN

HISTORY

For the Year 1783.

1783.

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BRITISH AND FOREIGN

HISTORY

For the Year 1783.

CHAPTER 1. Yle Spirit of Party: State of Affairs at the Termination of the rear 1782, The Meeting of the Parliament.

The Speech from the Throne. . Addresses apon it in both Houses. Debates in Parliament. Discontents. Seamen for the rear, 1783. Parliamentary Approbation of the Officers and Troops employed in the Defence and Relief of Gibraltar. A concerted Opposition to the Minifter. Speculations concerning the Provisonal Treaty. The Motion of Mr. Fox for its Production.

Motion by Mr. Hartley concerning the American War. The thanks of Parliament are given to Sir Edward Hughes and Sir Eyre Coote. Acts of Parliament. HE operations of party are

The promising and virtuous admiinseparable from a free consti- nistration of the marquis of Rockbution and when they are directed ingham did not laft long. His death by patriotism and public virtue, they opened the way for the advancement berty." In England, parties have ability, application, and vigour, and support order and political li- noble lord, while he was pofleffed of

existed from the carliest times ; but found himself in a situation which moted , . while they have frequently pro- afforded many symptoms of stability

. often engendered misfortunes and fidence of his sovereign ; the odium calamity. For the private interests of hostile measures against the bly intermingle in their public ations had been opened for peace; transactions; and by distracting the and the glory of the relief of Gib. its power and prosperity. Of late and flattered the national pride. Afo councils of the kingdom, diminish raltar by lord Howe had excited years the violence of party and fac. ter the miseries and losses of a most tion has been uncommonly great, unhappy war, a scene of peaceful

to brought the nation very nearly to self; and the nation, disposed to be the brink of destruction; and it pleased, was about to forget its in. seems to threaten and to foster new quietudes. In this fitua'ion, the

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and fatally destructive.

parliament was called to affemble ;

and

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