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MISCELLANY.

made no objection to sign it, as it was not exclusively directed against the Bavarians, but included SPAIN. The appointment of General Mazaredo, all foreigners. Three Frenchmen were included the Military Governor of Madrid, to the post of Poin the measure. Adhesions from the provinces litical Chief, was a concession made by the Ministry were daily received, and no differences had arisen to General Narvaez, to save the capital from being on any point of the country. The Palichares, who declared in a state of siege. The liberty of the in- were marching on the capital, had halted on hearhabitants was thereby entirely placed at the mercy ing of the success of the revolution, and returned to of the latter. Senor Caballero, the Home Minister, their respective quarters. M. Petzali, who presided leaves Madrid for Saragossa. There remains in the at the movement of Chalcis, had been appointed Cabinet but one hapless Liberal, Senor Ayllon, the Secretary of the Council of State; and a number of only representative of this parliamentary party, other persons belonging to the national party had which Senor Olozaga led against the Regent's Gov-been invested with public functions. On the 17th ernment. Senor Olozaga himself has escaped to the King, Queen, and the Princess of Oldenburgh Paris. Senor Caballero is now off to Saragossa, or drove out in an open caleche, without any escort, some village near it, and both Queen and Govern- and were everywhere received with loud acclamament are left in the uncontrolled hands of the men tions.-Ibid. who made the ruffianly attack on the Palace of Madrid some time back.

The following was received late on Tuesday by the French Government :-" Madrid, October 1. The deputies elected at Madrid are Cortina, Martinez de la Rosa, Gonzalez Bravo, Montalva, Cantero, Morena, and Arraliet, all Moderados or

ernment men."

GENERAL BOYER.-General Boyer, ex-President of the republic of Hayti, arrived in Paris on Saturday, with his family and suite, and took up his temPorary residence at the Hotel Victoria, in the Rue Chauveau la Garde. The general's mother, an inGov-teresting personage, more than 80 years of age, and his nephew, accompany him; his wife, as has been already announced, died about six weeks ago. The ex-president appears to be in deep affliction at this titude. The Minister of Finances, and M. Odilon loss, but bears his political reverses with great forBarrot, had interviews on Monday with General Boyer, at his hotel.-Colon. Gaz.

MANIFESTO OF BELGIAN BISHOPS.-The bishops of Belgium have issued a manifesto against the swarm of books of bad moral tendency daily reprintThe extraordinary cheapness of these works has given them a wide circulation, and the evil seems on the clergy of the country to form libraries for to be rapidly spreading. The bishops also call upfree circulation among the people. One library, which has been already formed, by donations exclusively, in Brussels, for this purpose, is said to have lent during the past year upwards of 30,000 volumes.-Athenæum.

Madrid letters of the 27th mention that the examination of the votes on the election for Madrid took place on that day, under the presidency of Mazaredo. As this officer fills the situation of political chief, he of course presided over the elections; and in the operation of examining the votes the tellers set aside any number of votes contrary to their opinions. The Liberals have protested, beforehand, against the validity of the Madrid elections. The French Government had received the fol-ed (chiefly from the French) by the Belgian press. lowing telegraphic despatches:-" Bayonne, October 3.-The elections of the provinces hitherto known are favorable to the parliamentary party.' "Perpignan, October 4.-Prim entered Figueras yesterday with 5,000 infantry, 300 cavalry, and six pieces of artillery. He was there received with enthusiasm by the inhabitants." Great hopes are entertained of Saragossa submitting. Should it not do so, fears are entertained that some of the military will pronounce. At Vittoria and at Seville, too, there have been attempts at revolt. Barcelona papers of the 26th ult. announce that the patriot Pablo Por was advancing to the assistance of that city with four pieces of artillery. The division of Ametler was at Arengs de Mar, and was to have marched to Mataro with reinforcements sent by the junta of Girona. It consisted of about 6,000 men. The junta had discovered a conspiracy, having for its object to deliver the city into the hands of the

troops.

By accounts from Madrid it appears that some extraordinary precautions, adopted by the authorities on the 25th, were observed on the preceding evening. Several pieces of artillery had been brought into the capital. The military authorities, whenever any disturbance should occur, were not to wait for the political chief to claim their assistance, but to repress the attempts themselves without delay. The troops are directed "to fight to the last extremity." Narvaez has been confined to his bed by indisposition. He, who is resolved to place himself on the ex-Regent's pedestal, is to be crea

ted Duke de la Concord.-Examiner.

GREECE.-Letters from Athens, of the 19th ult., state that the revolutionary movement was developing itself with perfect order and regularity. The royal decree excluding foreigners from public offices had given universal satisfaction. The King

THE SCULPTOR SCHWANTHALER.-The sculptor Schwanthaler is now occupied on two statues, of the size of life, of Huss and Ziska. They are to be cast in bronze, and deposited in a Bohemian Walhalla, which is to contain statues of famous Bohemians, and is being formed by a private gentleman at Lobich near Prague.-Ibid.

this week been received at our county gaol, from the Secretary of State. The present dietaries are more nourishing than those previously in use; and prisoners sentenced to long periods of imprisonment. an important change has been made in those for Under the old system a prisoner sentenced to a term of 18 months or two years, for instance, was treated from the commencement similarly to prisoners who were only sentenced for short periods. It has been found, however, that the strength declines as the period of incarceration proceeds; and it will be seen from the details of class 5, that convicted pristhree months, will in future be placed on a better oners employed at hard labor for terms exceeding allowance than others. This change is most just and judicious.-Gloucester Chronicle.

PRISON DISCIPLINE-A new scale of dietaries has

ATTEMPT TO ASSASSINATE THE EMPEROR OF RUSSIA.-Considerable sensation has been created throughout Poland and at the Court of St. Petersburgh, by the attempt of a body of armed con

SCIENCE AND ARTS,

MOSAIC ROOMS AT DIEPPE.-We hear from Dieppe that the excavations at St. Marguerite, under the direction of M. Feret, the librarian, have brought to light six rooms in mosaic, and some skeletons of Saxon warriors, near which were found pieces of armor, coins, and fragments of vases. A complete Roman villa, in fact, has been laid bare. The size of the skeletons is small, and it is conjectured that they were young men of from 16 to 18 years of age.-Court Journal.

spirators supposed to be Poles-to assassinate
the Emperor of Russia on his return from the Prus-
sian capital to Warsaw. According to the Augs-
burgh Gazette, the murderous intent was frustrated
by a singular accident, the Emperor having preceded
his usual travelling-carriage by eight hours. The
shots intended for the heart of the Emperor were
consequently fired at his aides-de-camp, but fortu-
nately without effect, each having escaped without
injury, although it is said that several balls were
found in the carriage, and in the officers' cloaks.
The Journal des Débats states that the Emperor
was insulted on his passage through Posen by the
people, who were at the moment much grieved at
the death of General de Grohnan. According to
letters from Warsaw, several persons have been ar-
rested in that city, but the most profound obscurity
covered the transaction, and no trace of the conspir-ments.-Examiner.
ators could be discovered.

In opposition to the above intelligence, the Frankfort Journal denies positively that the Emperor had been fired at, and states, as the origin of the alleged occurrence, that a footman, seated behind a carriage, conveying a part of the Emperor's suite, drew a musket from under his cloak and fired it in an obscure street in Posen. Now this story is in itself extremely improbable, (although our contemporaries choose to accept it as true ;) and, moreover, it is the custom to endeavor to mystify the public upon all matters connected with Russia and her ruler. The. Augsburgh Gazette follows up its original statement by additional particulars which induce a belief that, however much it may suit the policy of certain parties to deny the existence of a conspiracy against the life of the Emperor, such an attempt was made, although, owing to the extreme darkness, it was found impossible to seize any of the offenders. We therefore preserve our credence in the previous statement, that the shot was fired at, and not from, the Emperor's carriage.-Court

Journal.

COPPER IN THE HUMAN BODY.-This subject is again canvassed, and M. Rossignon insists that in the organized tissues both in man and animals it exists. He grounds his assertion on recent experi

STATISTICS OF EUROPE.-At a recent meeting of the Academy of Sciences, M. Moreau de Jounes presented some new statistical researches as to the population of Europe. According to his calculation, the entire population amounted in 1788 to 144 millions, and in 1838 to 153 millions, which shows an increase of about 75 per cent. in a period of fifty years. The countries in which this augmentation has been the most rapid are, we believe, Great Britain and Ireland, (particularly the latter,) and Prussia and Austria. The increase of the population in France is by no means in the same ratio.-Ib.

FLYING MACHINE.-The ill-success of the inventor of the flying machine in England has not discouraged similar attempts elsewhere. A letter from Nuremberg, in the Journal de Francfort, informs us that M. Leinberger, of that place, has recently been exhibiting a model of a flying steam machine, or balloon, which has excited so much interest, that he is now constructing one 12 feet long, and 4 feet in diameter, with which he hopes to be able to perform experiments which will prove the practicability of the invention.-Ib.

ALGIERS.-The Moniteur Algérien announces the discovery at Orleanville, in preparing the foundaA VOLCANO.-According to letters from Ancona, tions for some new buildings, of the ruins of an old a volcano appeared last month in the rocky island Christian church. On the porch of the edifice was of Melada, situated in the Adriatic, near Ragusa, found an inscription in Latin, of which the follow-On the night of the 14th the crew of a Roman vesing is a translation: "Here reposes our father Reparatus, Bishop, of sacred memory, who for eight years and eleven months performed the sacerdotal functions, and who has passed before us in peace, the 11th day of the calends of August, in the 436th year of the birth of Jesus Christ.-Athenæum.

sel saw lava issue from the centre of the island, and flow over an extent of half a mile. The night after seven distinct craters were seen to send forth darkish inflamed matters.- Athenæum.

RICH LEGACY.-The town of Tournay, in France, has recently received a valuable legacy. M. Fan

legacy of 410 pictures, some of which are of great value; 40,000 medals, 3,000 of which are gold, 15,000 in silver, and 22,000 in bronze; and the whole of his extensive library, chiefly composed of works on numismatics, several of which are extremely rare. Court Journal.

EMIGRATION IN RUSSIA.-A letter from St. Pe-quez, one of its oldest inhabitants, has left to it a tersburgh gives some account of an emigration, on a large scale, which is going on in the heart of the Russian empire; and presents, as the writer observes, a great resemblance to the migrations of the primitive races of the world. The movement in question aims at distributing the crown peasants,amounting to about twelve millions in number, and RAILWAYS.-The Journal des Chemins de Fer constituting thus a fifth of the entire Russian popu-says-"An inventor announces that he has found a lation, over those vast tracts of uncultivated land composition which will reduce to a mere trifle the which are held, as yet, by a thin and scattered pop-price of rails for railroads. He replaces the iron by ulation. The emigrants of the best character are sent into the Transcaucasian provinces, where the climate is mild and the soil fertile."6 But, in truth," says the writer, "none of these unfortunate beings are voluntary emigrants. They are all, more or less, the victims of a system of despotism which disposes, at its caprice, of the human species, as of cattle who are driven in herds wherever their owners will."-Athenæum.

a combination of Kaolin clay (that used for making pottery and china) with a certain metallic substance, which gives a body so hard as to wear out iron, without being injured by it in turn. Two hundred pounds of this substance will cost less than 12 shil lings, and would furnish two and a half metres of rail. The Kaolin clay is abundant in France, and the valley of the Somme contains immense quantities of it.-Athenæum.

VON RAUMER.-A private letter from Berlin of the 25th September says-"Professor von Raumer is very busy in reading up for his proposed journey to the United States, where he intends to spend the months between April and October of next year. He at present thinks very favorably of the Americans, and of their institutions-so that their visitor starts somewhat prejudiced in their favor-let us hope he will return so.-Athenæum.

THE CORNEA. On the application of the cornea of one animal to the eye of another-Dr. Plouvier, of Lille, states that he has a rabbit which was blind, but to whose eye he applied the cornea of another rabbit, and that the hitherto blind animal now sees perfectly.—Athenæum.

VENUS BY TITIAN.-In Dresden, the recent discovery of the Venus by Titian, now excellently restored, excites the greatest interest. This magnifi

stated it as his opinion that more important discoveries may be looked for, the Academy has been induced to request the co-operation of the Government to enable M. Batta to prosecute a work so highly interesting to archæology. The application was so far successful that M. Eugene Flandier, who filled a similar mission in Persia, has been sent out to assist the French Consul in his further researches. From the united labors of these two intelligent Frenchmen, we may look for some further illustrations of the ancient architecture of the Assyrians, and of the sculptures which adorned the palaces of their kings.—Ib.

OBITUARY.

cent work has been more than 100 years concealed The right hon. gentleman, late Lord High Com

under a mass of rubbish.-Examiner.

DEATH OF THE RIGHT HON. STUART MACKENZIE. missioner of the Ionian Islands, died on Sunday, at Southampton, in his 60th year. He was the eldest CANAL OVER THE ISTHMUS OF PANAMA.-The son of Admiral the Hon. Keith Stuart, second son French Government has just ordered M. Napoleon of the sixth Earl of Galloway, by the daughter of Garella, a young engineer of the Mining Depart-S. D'Aguilar, Esq.; married, 1818, relict of Admiral ment, and M. Courtines, an able member of that of Sir Samuel Hood, eldest daughter and co-heiress of the Pont et Chaussees, to proceed to the Isthmus of the last Lord Seaforth, whose surname he assumed Panama, and seek for the best direction to be given by sign manual; was Commissioner of the India to a canal of communication between the Atlantic Board from 1832 to 1834; represented Cromarty from 1831 to 1837, when he was appointed Governor of Ceylon. In December, 1840, he became Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands.— Colon. Gaz.

and Pacific Ocean.-Ib.

VOCAL PHENOMENON.-The Times informs us that in a recent number of the Zeitschrift appears an account of an extraordinary vocal phenomenon. The new musical wonder is a boy, who has the power of emitting three vocal sounds at a time, and can therefore execute pieces in three parts. The fact is attested by two names of considerable weight, Kalliwoda and Mayer, from whom letters are published describing the exhibition, and warranting the genuineness of the prodigy. His voice, we are told, extends over two full octaves, from a flat below the line to a flat above, in the key of G; the lower notes being generally weak, those in the middle stronger, but of harsh quality, while the upper notes are soft, and flowing as those of a flageolet. When singing more than one part the lad is unable to pronounce any words, and can only sing songs of the utmost simplicity as regards the harmony.-Ibid.

DEATH OF PROFESSOR BELL.-We have to announce the death of Professor Bell, professor of Scotch law, after a protracted illness. Mr. Bell also held the office of one of the principal clerks of session, which by his death has become vacant.Colon. Gaz.

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES.

Great Britain.

Anatomy of Sleep; or, the Art of procuring sound and refreshing Slumber at Will. By E. Binns,

M. D.

BLONDLOT ON DIGESTION.-The author has directed his attention principally to the gastric juice, which he regards as the principal agent in the functions of digestion. In order to obtain this juice in THAT Dr. Binns has discovered the secret of volabundance, and in a pure state, M. Blondlot made untary sleep we do not feel quite assured; but that an artificial opening into the stomach of a dog, he has kindly afforded to all persons the means of which enabled him to extract the gastric juice, or procuring a sound and durable slumber we are pracalimentary substances, at various periods of diges-tically convinced; for, having placed his volume tion. In his work he announces that his experi- in the hands of a friend, while we were temporarily ments have been perfectly successful, and that he engaged, on our return we found him with the book has a dog on which he made his first essay, two in his hand, and in a state of the most profound reyears ago, and which can supply him, he says, in pose, from which he was awakened with difficulty. the course of an hour or so, with more than three As for ourselves, by means of sundry applications, ounces of pure gastric juice.-Ibid. as sal volatile, Scotch snuff, and sundry other stimulants, we contrived to keep ourselves pretty well awake in our perusal of the volume, which consists of 394 pages, of which 389 relate to various discussions of scientific subjects, not much connected with the subject matter announced in the title; but at p. 390 the real volume begins, and, filling exactly three pages and a half, then concludes. The au

SCULPTURES FOUND AT NINEVEH.-We hear from Paris, that M. Batta, the French Consul at Moussoul, has recently transmitted to the Academy of Sciences several additional drawings and fragments of curious pieces of sculpture, found in exploring the site of the ancient city of Nineveh, and having

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GREAT BRITAIN.

The Bride of Messina, with Choruses. By Schiller. Translated by A. Lodge, Esq., M. A.

thor observes that, after 389 pages, the reader will | SELECT LIST OF RECENT PUBLICATIONS. be enabled to understand the principles upon which is founded his system of procuring sound and refreshing sleep at will. The system, as far as we understand it, seems to be as follows. First, let the patient take as large a dose of Dr. Binns's book as he is able, (see p. 363,) and when he begins to feel its effects, which will soon show themselves, let him then put on a warm woollen nightcap, and flannel socks to his feet; let him have a good fire in his room, (v. p. 390,) put a flannel blanket between the sheets, rub himself or herself with a coarse towel, and get into bed; then let him or her place his or her head carefully on the pillow (page 391,) so that it occupies exactly the angle a line drawn from the head to the shoulder would form ;

then let him or her take a full inspiration, slightly closing their lips, breathing as as can through the nostrils; then the lungs are to be left to themselves (p. 80), the patient must depict to himself that he sees the breath pass from his nostrils in a continuous stream, and the very instant that he brings his mind to conceive this, apart from all other ideas, (except, we presume, the idea of Dr. Binns's book,) and that instant consciousness and memory depart, and he no longer wakes, but sleeps. Such, gentle reader, is the sum total of this volume of near 400 pages, and we pledge ourselves that this is the only part of the whole relating to the subject. A more profound piece of confident quackery we never read in our lives.

Postscript. If a man attempts to think of his wife and children, we must tell him (p. 384) that he will not attain his purpose,-he will only be able to think of one child at a time; or if he thinks of the National gallery, he cannot think of the whole build

ing, but only of separate parts of it, such as the portico, wings, or perhaps, of Mr. Wilkins, the architect. Upon these facts is founded, we are told, the doctrine of monotism. We forgot to say that brushing the forehead with a soft shaving brush will be found advantageous. (Vide p. 382.)-Gent's Mag.

Germary.

Lehrbuch der Ungarischer Sprache. (Compendium of the Hungarian Language.) Von J. N. Reméle.

Vienna Tendler and Schaefer. 1843.

Analyse Ungarischer Classiker. (Analysis of Hungarian Classics.) Von J. N. Reméle. 1842.

Ungarischer Geschäftsstyl in Beispielen. (Hunga rian Commercial style, in examples.) Von J. N. Reméle. 1843.

Will the English readers, who have just sipped Magyar poetry from Dr. Bowring's translation, feel an inclination to plunge deeper into the literature, now such very inviting books as those of Professor Reméle are before them? We fear not: though indeed the plan upon which his 'Lehrbuch' is constructed, is such as to render them extremely tempting. He does not begin with long tedious rules, but at once introduces the reader to the Hungarian tongue by abundant examples, both of words and sentences, conveying such grammatical information as is not contained in the paradigms by means of notes at the bottom of the page. The Analysis,' which was published before the Lehr

Tragedies. By Serjeant T. N. Talfourd. Mesmerism, its History, Phenomena, and Practice.

Abyssinia. Journals of the Rev. Messrs. Isenberg and Krapf, Missionaries of the Church Missionary Society.

the Philippians, in Twelve Discourses, and A Practical Exposition of the Epistle to several Sermons on various subjects. By the late Robert Hall. From shorthand

notes.

By John Greene. Aeschyli Eumenides. Recensuit et illustravit Jacobus Scholenfield, A. M.

Julian, or Scenes in Judea. By the Author of "Letters from Palmyra and Rome." Fidelity, or a Town to be let unfurnished: a Poem. By G. Hatton.

Selections from the Kur-án. By E. W. Lane.

GERMANY.

Ueber die christliche und antichristliche

Speculation der Gegenwart. Ein philoso-
phisches Gutachten.
Bonn.

Von J. H. Fichte.

Ist Platos Speculation Theismus ? Von Jak. Bitharz. Carlsruhe.

Geschichte der protestantischen Dogmatik von Melancthon bis Schleiermacher. Von D. Wilh. Herrmann. Leipzig. Vorbericht zu K. Fr. Krunse's Vorlesungen über die reine Philosophie der Geschichte. Von H. K. von Leonhardi. Göttingen.

Haudbuch der Physiologie des Menschen. Von Joh. Müller. 4th, Ed. Berlin.

Auli Persii Flacci Satirarum liber, cum Scholiis antiquis et prolegomenis. Edidit Otto Jahn.

FRANCE.

Mémoires touchant la vie et les Ecrits de Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, Dame de Bourbilly, Marquise de Sévigné, durant la Régence et la Fronde. Par M. le Baron Walckenaer-Deuxième Partie durant le Ministère du Cardinal Mazarin et la Jeunesse de Louis XIV. Paris.

Fêtes et Souvenirs du Congrès de Vien

buch,' is not exactly on the same plan; as it is in-ne, 1814, 1815. Par le Comte de la Garde.

troduced by grammatical rules shortly stated. The Paris.

substance of the work consists of selections from

Magyar authors, with an interlinear translation.

For. Qu. Review.

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