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She set forth, and the Duke of Victory has that the Duke of Victory declared, that the tened to meet her at Igualada. Christina triple regency might be the best mode of recapitulated all the theoretic and doctrin rule during the minority of the queen, but aire reasons of her ministers for humbling that for himself, he was determined to make the pride and independence of the great no part of it. It would, he said, be a diSpanish towns; the Duke of Victory re- vided, a squabbling, and a powerless triumplied that perhaps she was right, though it virate. The true patriots then saw the seemed ungrateful thus to repay the towns danger of setting aside the general and the for their late sacrifices and devotion to the army, the instant after both had saved the constitutional cause. But right or wrong, municipal liberties of the country; they another consideration dominated: and this saw the probable result of setting up three was the impossibility of enforcing the law not very eminent persons to perform to. without producing an insurrection of the gether the all-important office; and waving towns. “They could be easily reduced by their objections io Espartero, they agreed a few common shot and cavalry-charges. to vote him sole regent. The Duke of Victory replied, “That they

Thus was the Duke of Victory appointed, might be so reduced, but that he refused to and he ever after showed his gratitude to be the instrument or the orderer of such the thorough liberal and patriotic party, measures. But he was ready to resign." who trusted him on this occasion. To

The queen and ministers knew, however, them he delivered up the ministry: to them that the resignation of Espartero then, he promised never to interfere with the would have led to a military insurrection; government, but to live as a constitutional for the soldiers and officers had already ruler, above the strife and struggles of parsuspected that they were about to be dis- ties. In this the Duke of Victory was missed, and without compensation. The wrong: he should have opened his palace, end of the interview was, that the Duke of lived in the throng, listened to the plaints, Victory must keep the command, at all the desires, the feelings of all parties, and events; and that Christina would consult made himself adherents amongst all. The her ministry, and, at least, not promulgate Spaniards tender eminence only on the the law with the royal sanction, till after condition of its being affable, and look further consultation and agreement with upon kings, as we said before, with a kind the commander-in-chief. Christina hast. of Arabic sentiment, as summary righters ened to Barcelona, met two of her minis. of wrongs, and controllers of all that is ini. ters, and forgot, in their exhortation, the quitously done by their servants adminisadvice of the general, and her promises to tering power. Espartero thought he acted him. The consequence was the double in the sovereign most fully by shutting himsurrection, first of Barcelona, and then of self in a small palace, by doing business Valencia, which compelled her to abdicate. regularly, and by eschewing all the pleas

Such were the events that produced the urable and representative part of his funcinterregnum, and left the regency to be fill. tions. He understood litle of the minued by the cortes. It was evident from the tiæ of politics, and cared not to talk of first, that no one could fill that post to the them. He gave no dinners, no balls, no exclusion of the Duke of Victory; and yet tertullias, no card tables. In short, his it must be owned there was great repug- salary was clean lost to the courtiers and nance to elect him, on the part of a great placemen, and would-be placemen. The number of deputies. The honest patri- women declared him to be a very dull Re. ots dreaded to see a soldier at the head gent, and their condemnation was fatal. of a constitutional government, and de- The most inveterate enemies of the Re. manded that one or two civilians should be gent were, however, the new and bastard associated with him in a triple regency; portion of the Liberals—those whom the but the greater number were of course the French ministerial papers called Young interested, the place and power-hunters; Spain ; men jealous of the old Liberals of these saw in a triple regency many more 1809 and 1821, v.ho looked upon Arguelles chances of rising by favor, and obtaining and Calatrava as out of date, and who considoffice, than under a single regent, a military ered themselves representatives of a new man, accustomed to order his aide-de-camp practical school of liberalism, superior to about, and utterly unskilled in appreciating any yet discovered. Caballero and Oloaddress in intrigue and skill in courtiership; zaga were the chiess of the party : but they, therefore, also demanded the triple these gentlemen, however able as orators regency, and at first there was a decided and writers, had never succeeded in atmajority for this decision. It was then taching to them more than an insignificant

VOL. III. No. IV. 33

number of followers. Timid, tortuous and are at present cut off'; promotion is now to time-serving, they were of that class of be had only by revolutions, since, if these politicians which can harass a ministry, are successful, the military abettors rise a but are incapable themselves of forming an step. Then there are court ways of rising administration. The Regent was sorely in the army; a handsome fellow attracting puzzled how to deal with them. Their the attention of the queen or of a lady in speeches in the Cortes were backed at whom king or minister is interested ; and times by a large number of votes; but all these chances were precluded by the when he summoned them to his presence, dull

, moral regency of Espartero, to whose and bade them form a ministry, they al- self and family and ministers, such ways ways declined. They had a majority for and intrigues were utterly unknown. The opposition, they said, but not for power. young officers longed for the reign of the This might have puzzled a more experien- queens, young or old, and down with Esced constitutional sovereign than Espartero. partero' was first their wish, and then their Soldier-like, he bade them go about their cry. business. He was wrong. He ought, on Indeed, from the first the Spanish officers the contrary, like Louis Philippe in similar were disinclined to Espartero as general, circumstances, to have facilitated their for. and much preferred Cordova, a diplomatist mation of a ministry; he ought to have and a courtier ; but the soldiers on the smiled upon them; he ought to have lent other hand preferred the Regent. With them a helping hand; and then, after they this class, then, especially with the nonhad been sully discredited by a six months' commissioned officers, the efforts of the hold of power, he might easily have turn. conspirators were chiefly made. Calumed them adrift, as the king of the French nies were circulated, promises lavished, did M. Thiers.

the soldiers attached to the service were Secure in the affection and support of promised grades, the rest were promised the old stanch liberal party, the Regent dismissal to their homes: in fine, the army never dreamed that these could be over- was debauched, and when the Regent wanicome by men affecting to be more liberal ed to make use of it as a weapon of dethan they. But Spain was not left to itself. fence, it broke in his hands, and pierced The French court became exceedingly jeal. him. ous, at this time, of the Regent's intentions The condemnation on which Espartero's respecting the marriage of the young queen. enemies, the French, lay most stress, is his They sent an envoy, who was called a fam. want of skill in maintaining himself in pow. ily ambassador, and who as such pretended er. Success with them covers every virto immediate and uncontrolled access to tue. The want of it, exaggerates every de. the young queen. The Regent resisted, fect. There was a discussion at Prince the envoy lest, France was more irritated, Talleyrand's one evening, as to who was and then determined on the Regent's down the greatest French statesman in modern fall. Thirty journals were almost simulta- times. Each named his political hero. neously established in Madrid and different Talleyrand decided that Villèle was the parts of the peninsula, all of which set up the greatest man, on the ground that in a consame cry of the Regent's being sold to Eng. stitutional country he kept the longest hold land, and of Spain being about to be sa- of power : adding, that the best rope dancrificed in a treaty of commerce. Barce. cer was he who kept longest on the cord. lona, most likely to be affected by this bug. The great proof of political genius, acbear treaty, was of course the centre of cording to Talleyrand, was to stick longest opposition; and there, under the instiga. in place. The rule is a wretched one, and tion, and with the pay of French agents, yet Espartero would not lose by being even open resistance was organized, and insur- in that way judged: for no Spaniard has rection broke forth. The subsequent events kept such prolonged command and influare known; the bombardment, the reduc. ence, none have attained more brilliant tion, the lenity of the Regent, the impunity ends. The Treaty of Begara, and the Re. of the Barcelonese, and their perseverance gency, are two successes that might well even after defeat in braving authority: content a life. And after all Espartero was

The army was then tampered with ; at long enough Regent to allow Spain to enleast some regiments. The Spanish officer joy tranquillity under his rule, and to afford though brave is unfortunately a gambler every one a taste and a prospect of what and an idler, with little prospect of making Spain might yet become, under a free, a way in his profession by talent or by pro- peaceable, and a regular government. motion in war; all chances of the latter A greater and more rare example offered

to Spain by the Regent's government, was to be too minute in personal anecdote, too the honesty of its political and financial serere or too laudatory in judging him. measureș. There was no court nor court Our materials too are but meager; though treasurer to absorb one-third or one-half of the Galerie des Cotemporains' which heads every loan and every anticipation, por could our article is a popular and meritorious litthe leasers or farmers of ihe public reve- tle work. Our present task is, however, nue obtain easy bargains by means of a sufficiently discharged. Senor Flores probribe. Such things were disposed of by mises at Madrid a life of Espartero in three public competition ; and Calatrava in this volumes; and the Duke of Victory and respect left behind him an example, which Spain are subjects that we shall have ample will render a recurrence to the old habit of occasion and necessity to recur to. proceeding too scandalous and intolerable. So, morality and simplicity of life, though

From the Literary Gazette. a cause of dislike with courtiers, with place In new Spain, as is well known, the spirit and money-hunters, was, on the contrary, of gaming is widely spread; and all ranks a rare and highly appreciated merit in the indulge in that excitement to a perilous eyes of the citizens. No one cause occa- degree. The Spanish officers partook of sioned more disgusts and revolts in Mad. the common passion. On one occasion, rid than the scandals of the court of Madrid. Espartero was so much the favorite of forIts removal was a great bond of peace, tune, that after a long sederunt, he rose whatever people may say of the salutary the winner of 30,000 dollars from the Geinfluence of royalty !

neral Canterac mentioned above. On reThe party attached to the regency of the tiring from the gaming-table, the latter, Duke of Victory as the best symbol and feeling the heavy extent of his imprudence, guard of the constitution, lay chiefly in the said in a depressed manner, to his compawell informed and industrious class of cit- nion, “Espartero, I owe you 30,000 dolizens, such as exist in great majority in lars!” “No," replied the other, laying his Madrid, Saragossa, Cadiz. In Catalonia hand on his arm, " in that room which we the manufacturers and their workmen were have left, you owed me 30,000 dollars, but against him, from a belief that he wished here, now, you owe me nothing !!” The to admit English cotton. Seville is an old generosity evinced by this anecdote, needs archiepiscopal seat, where the clergy have no comment. great influence; and the clergy there, as When, by the votes of the Cortes, Esparwell as rivalry of Cadiz, occasioned its re- tero became Regent, multitudes flocked sistance. There is, one may say, no rus- towards him for places, crosses, pensions, tic population in the south. All the poor provisions, and

and distinctions.

Among congregate in towns, or belong to them, others, a very near relative came from and form a mass of ignorant, excitable, the country, of whom, after receiving a changeable opinion, that is not to be de- few visits from him, he inquired what had pended upon for twenty-four hours. There brought him to Madrid. With some hesiis throughout a strong vein of republican. tation, he stated that he had come to look ism, and a contempt for all things and per- for a maintenance for himself and his famisons north of the Sierra Morena: so that ly, now that things had changed so favornothing is more easy than to get up an al. ably for their prospects.” “How much borato against the government of the time will do for that purpose ?" asked the Re* being. The north of Spain, on the contra- gent. So much, he replied, fancying the ry, depends upon its rural population; and office already conferred; but judge his sur. is slower to move, but much more formid-prise, when his (we were going to say) able and steady when once made to em- brother addressed him, “Return to your brace or declare an opinion. Throughout home, and whilst I live I will allow you the north, neither citizens nor servants de that sum; but if you suppose that I, who clared against the regent. It was merely have elevated myself so high, from so low the garrisons and troops of the line. Such a station, by warring against corruption, being the force and support of the different am going to saddle you on the country, parties, one is surprised to find that Espar- you never in your life committed so gross iero so easily succumbed, and we cannot a mistake. The only way for you to rebut expect that his recall, either as regent ceive this allowance from my private purse, or neral, is sooner or later inevitable.

is by quitting Madrid within twenty-four The career of the Duke of Victory be- bours." ing thus far from closed, it would be pre- Espartero's proceedings, after his march mature to carve out his full-length statue :/ to Albacete, have never been accounted for or explained. We are informed, that when

A TOMB IN POMPEII. he reached that place, he found that all the

There is at Pompeii a square monument with a beautiful reofficers of the army had been bought over liero on one of the elabs, emblematic of death; it represents a by a rich allotment of the million and a ship furling her sails on coming into port. half of money which had been sent into City! upon whose dream the fire-flood swept, Spain to purchase his downfall. The army, In all ihe giddy madness of thy pride ; but too ill paid, was easily seduced by goid While the red theatre with joy upleapt, and intrigue; and the ill-fed troops, like a

And pleasure floated down her golden tide. hungry horse, took their food wherever it oft thundering now upon the calm of night, was offered to them, without troubling to The wakeful scholar hears thy wild dismay; ask the question whether their officers were Crowding in black confusion on the sight, traitors or not.

The flaming tempest lights its dreadful way. Accused by his enemies, and some of the living and the dead in thee we trace, them most ungrateful ones, of avarice or Since Time roll'd back the darkness of his wave, sordidness, it may be stated that the quar. And Learning's torch, from thine unshrouded face, ter part of Espartero's allowance as Regent Has swept the lingering shadows of the grare. has not been paid to him. His resources are the fortune brought him by his loved Rich gifts are thine :-on many a pictured wall

Stili Genius breathes the summer hues of bloom, and affectionate lady. Why he did not And still through fiery Sallust's costly hall, throw himself on Madrid, and the fervent The garden seems to waft its soft perfume.* attachment to him and his cause of its 12,000 national guards, and other respecta- Here, wandering thoughtful down thy streets of wo, ble citizens, we have no ground to know; Was he a lord of quiver and of bow?

The pilgrim lingers by a nameless grave: but we think that what we have told, suffi- Roam’d he a stormy chieftain of the wave? ciently accounts for his wavering at Albacete, where his whole plans were deranged | Unknown that ancient sleeper's power and race, by unexpected treachery, and he was or hie young sister smiled into his face,

Whether to listening hearts his step was dear, tavght to feel that his dependence on im

Or his gray father wept upon his bier ! agined friends and supporters, was most insecure and dangerous. The Spanish If bathed in all the sparkling dews of youth, people, we believe, have been quite passive

Warm from his mother's arms he danced along, during the late revolution; and it is most While Joy from her green paradise of truth,

Enwreathed his forehead with the flowers of probable that a re-action, founded on a just

song : appreciation of his sound constitutional and commercial policy, will lead to his The voice of history tells not; dark and cold, being

invited to return to Spain. Whether; Whether be drank from fancy's fount of gold, more happy in a private station, he would

Or, sage-like, watched life's torrents rushing by. accept the call or not, is a question we cannot solve: our opinion is, that nothing Oh, it is soothing, in the crimson time short of a national demonstration would

Of autumn eves, through village tombs to roam, tempt his patriotism to sacrifice his domes

Where many a holy text and rugged rhyme

Welcome the weary traveller to his home : tic repose and felicity.

So in the wondrous city of the dead

This pictured text our fainting heart sustains,

While all the heavenly landscape, wide outspread, The Kowdy Gum.-Whenthe soil is washed

up

Blooms o'er the wat'ry desert of life's pains ! in the Bay of Islands, New Zealand, large quantities of gum are discovered in the soil, when and No longer driven by tempestuous blast, how deposited are unknown. It seems to be That ship along the tranquil water glides ;

pure and resinous, as if the remains of primeval and ex. Its white sails furl'd upon the unshaken mast, tinct pine-forests, whose consistency precluded de- Its own clear shadows moving by its sides. cay, while the wood itself perished. What may be its commercial value has not yet been fully ascer. Sweet emblem of the Christian “bound for home," tained. Experiments will be tried on the samples Safe from the angry surge of sin and strife; brought home in the Erebus and Terror.Literary While Peace, uprising from Grief's bright’ning Gazette.

foam,

Paints with its smile the melting cloud of life! DR. CHALMERS.—The Rev. Doctor preached in

A. the open air to a congregation of several thousand persons, on Sunday week, at Banchory, near Aber. "On our return through the streets, among the objects of deen. A tent had been provided, but the congre-rich, and his house is uncommonly handsome. Here is his cham

interest was the house of Sallust, the historian. Sallust was gation was five times as numerous as could have ber, his inner court, his kitchen, bis garden, his dining-room, his been accommodated within it. · The scene recalled guest-chamber, all perfectly distinguishable by the symbolical the early times of Scotch Presbyterianism.- Court liescos on the walls. In the court was a fountain of pretty cooJournal.

struction, and opposite, in the rear, was a flower-garden, conlaining arrangements for dining in open air in summer."- Illus.

over.

FRANCE AND GREECE.

enced by resentment, not craft. He has conse

quently fallen considerably in the estimation of From the Examiner.

the Parisians, who hoped to see in him a King

of Ireland. But instead of effecting any thing Weak and ailing persons are said to live long, kingly, Mr. O'Connell declares himself a Loyalbeing able to get through or avoid those violent ist and a Legitimist, and a High Churchman, and leverish maladies which prove fatal to the and would not only restore Henry the Fifth, but strong. So seems it the case with M. Guizot would also place ihe French system of Public and his Cabinet. Though born scarcely life. Instruction under ecclesiastical guidance, and worthy, it has lived on, in despite of the prog- thus re-Catholicize France by the power of cennostications of state-physicians, and has at last tralization. To do this, or help to do this, hy reached a kind of chronic health, which sets pre- means of an Irish brigade, would, however, be sumptive heirs in despair. Opposition, which far from liberal. Even the Legitimists were with us lives through the year, in France has much embarrassed by the offer of the said brigdied outright during the recess; and even the ade ; for the Duke of Bordeaux has solemnly press, though striking hard with flint and steel, promised rather to remain an exile than obtain can scarcely extricate a spark. M. Thiers has his restoration by foreign troops or foreign aid. turned his back upon politics altogether, most | The days of Swiss guards and Irish brigades are fortunately, for this will procure the world an able, if not an impartial history, of the Consu- The Duke of Bordeaux is at Potsdam at prelate and Empire. M. Barrot is overcome with sent, where he was received at the Court of domestic amiction, occasioned by the loss of an Chamberd. It is known that, a year or two only child. M. Manguin has gone to Spain, to back, the Emperor of Russia was willing to give study the meaning of the word pronunciamiento. his daughter in marriage to the Duke, but, from M. Ledru Rollin has not gone to Ireland, and the impertinent pretensions of the old courtiers has ceased to make a noise at home. M. La- about him, the marriage failed, and the Emperor martine alone makes his voice heard, like that of Russia was highly offended. Since that time of a pelican in the wilderness, exclaiming of the the Duc de Bordeaux has completely flung off wants of the people to be represented, and the influence of the old courtiers of his uncle and against the sycophancy of those who salute and aunt. He was desirous of a reconciliation with flatter princes.

the Czar, and hoped to meet him at Berlin, but You may imagine, in the dearth of political Nicholas went off' to Warsaw and his grand retopics or excitement, to what straits the Parisian views, in order to avoid the French pretender. press has been put. For want of better, it has The Court of Berlin is full of courtesy for that started the question of the fortifications of Paris, in the Tuileries; and Russia, though affecting and denounced them once more as dangerous to be on distant terms with France, and to quarto the public liberties, and the security of the rel on points of diplomatic etiquette, still does capital. The Legitimists support this view, not let pass any opportunity of endeavoring to looking, as they do, towards the overthrow of estrange the French Court and Cabinets from the present dynasty by a Parisian emeute, which England. The events in Greece have rendered the fortifications do, indeed, render impossible. M. Kisselef, the Russian Envoy in Paris, exThe journals of the war party, however, still tremely active. The Russians represent the late support the necessity of the fortifications, as the insurrection at Athens as the work of Sir Edonly means of national protection, should the at- mund Lyons. Diplomatists will never admit an tempt to extend the French empire to the Rhine insurrection to be the natural result of popular fail,' or produce a reaction and an invasion. discontent. The Russians say that Sir E. LyMoreover, they object to joining in any outcry ons was jealous of Coletti's return, anxious to which the Legitimists were foremost to set up: prevent it, and ihat he spared no pains to effect Hereupon the Legitimists waxed angry, and his purpose. The French are but too prone to declared that they were as liberal, as democratic, listen to these calı mnies; but M. Guizot, aland as warlike as the Republicans.--that they though personally interested in the success of came in in 1914 by the bayonets of foreigners, M. Piscatory and the Ministry of Coletti, is still but that they would have much preferred doing not the man to allow himself to be duped into without thein, and that to prove this they are even a coolness with England for supremanow ready to join the men of the revolution in cy on Greece. He has obtained the upper hand an outbreak upon Europe.

of England in Spain for a short time, and at no Such was the state of the controversy, when small cost, but he must be fully convinced that Mr. O'Connell's speech at the Repeal Associa- the triumphs, diploniatic or otherwise, of Engtion de rebus Gallicis, fell last Monday like a land over France, or of France over England, petard amongst the Parisians. Mr. O'Connell must, in the present state of the world, be nothhas been, till very lately, the pet of all parties in ing but an equal loss to both countries. France. The ultra-Catholics upheld him as a restorer of religion, the ultra-Liberals as a successful agitator, the juste milieu, as one who kept his resistance and agitation within legal ELECTRO-MAGNET.-A letter from Frankfort bounds. His answer to M. Ledru Rollin was

states that M. Wagner, who for many months past considered as full of tact, and as a gentle mysti- has been making experiments in electro-magnetism, fication of the French Republicans. But Mr. has succeeded in moving with this agent the extraO'Connell's speech on the 28th proves him to ordinary weight of 70 quintals, (about three-quarbe the creature of impulse, not policy; influ. | ters of a ton.)- Court Journal.

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