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REMINISCENCES OF MEN AND THINGS. dove, not merely an olive-branch of peace,
BY ONE WHO HAS A GOOD MEMORY.
LOUIS PHILIPPE, KING OF THE FRENCH.
but even planting on the French soil the olive-tree itself. Long, long may it grow! May it be cultivated, watered, defended by French honor, gallantry, and truthfulness! May there cease to exist any other rivalry between the subjects of Victoria and those THAT was a striking moment, that was of Louis Philippe than that noble rivalry an auspicious hour, in the romantic history of who shall be pre-eminent in encouragof Louis Philippe, when, standing on the ing the cause of peace, order, progress, nasea-girt coast of his own well-beloved Nor- tional happiness, individual improvement, mandy, whilst the golden rays of an early and the extension of civilization and autumnal sun shed their beauteous color-truth! ings on the peace-approaching squadron of And that was a striking moment, too, in Great Britain, the monarch received with the life of our gracious and graceful sovegrace, dignity, and admiration, the young reign, when, casting her eyes back on the and charming queen of our own glorious placid waters, on which were to be seen the isles! Ah! little did he think when a wander-"St. Vincent," the "Caledonia," the "Camin Switzerland, a teacher of mathematics in perdown,"the "Formidable," the "Wara mountain college, a pedestrian exile in spite," the "Grecian," the "Cyclops," the Scandinavia, or, at best, an outlaw in "Tartarus," and the "Prometheus," she America, when the name of Orleans was a could point the King of the French to the reproach and a by-word, and when to har-" wooden walls of old England," but, at the bor him was almost an offence in Europe, when none could cherish and none would love him; not that he did not possess merit or virtue, magnanimity or courage, but that none dared to acknowledge his possession of those virtues; little did he then imagine that the day would arrive when he should rule over the destinies of France, and when the ships of that "Bri-ing recollections. tannia" who still "rules the waves," should "GOD SAVE THE QUEEN!"—Yes!" GOD anchor at peace in the quiet waters of Tréport, conducting to the shores of that land the young, noble, daring, active, energetic monarch of the British empire.
same time, throw herself, her consort, and her retinue, into the arms of the French monarch, of his admirable family, and of his courteous and hospitable people; and, with the lightness and freshness of youth and of hope, tread with delight the shores of that Normandy, endeared to all lovers of history by so many glorious and interest
SAVE THE QUEEN!" were the first notes which greeted her as she landed in France. Those notes she knew right well. Often had they been played and sung in her hear No one can describe but Louis Philippe ing! Often had they called forth in her himself, the light which fell upon his brow, presence expressions of the most devoted when he beheld, with rapturous emotions, loyalty! But it was a happy thought—it the graceful figure and the oft-described was a joyous mode of welcome-to greet form of his "fair cousin." The roar of the her in a stranger land with the first song artillery had music in it for his ears, since of her childhood, the old national anthem it announced to him that his wise and en- of her native shores. Oh! how her young lightened policy was appreciated; that his heart must have beat with joy when, callhonor and fidelity were prized; that his al-ing to recollection the history of past days, liance was sought and valued; that his sacrifices for peace and order were known and estimated; and that so satisfied were the people, the government, and the monarch, of Great Britain, with the King of the French, that the queen herself had come to receive the kiss of friendship and esteem from the French king, to hold out the hand of a sincere friendship to the French people, and to sit side by side in the château of the Orleans family, thus recognizing the monarchy of the barricades, the revolution of 1830, the charta of the new dynasty, and disarming all envious, jealous, or unkind spirits, by carrying herself, as a gentle VOL. III. No. IV. 29
and remembering the long and sanguinary wars of other times between the French and the British empires, she now beheld the rival flags no longer rivals, floating in peace and friendship in the same breeze, and herself the bearer of a magician's wand, for she carried with her the emblems of respect, confidence, and amity.
These, these are the fairy scenes in the wide world's history! They are few, brief, and far between; but their results extend to ages, and stand forth to successive generations like mighty monuments of civilization: showing where restless ambition ceased to agitate, where rival nations ceas
ed to suspect and to hate, where wise and enlightened statesmen took their stand for truth and for civilization, and thus help on the history of man, and rescue human nature from the oft too-merited charge of selfishness, pride, and want of sympathy with fellow-men.
unambitious, and straightforward policy, Louis Philippe had gained the confidence of the British Conservatives. It proved that they had not forgotten the pains which the French king had taken to preserve the revolution of 1830 from the excesses and barbarities of the revolution of 1793. It prov
That being must, indeed, have but a sor-ed they remembered that Louis Philippe, in ry and a limited view of public events, who order to preserve the peace of Europe, had does not perceive in the late visit of the refused the crown of Belgium, though ofhouse of Brunswick to the house of Orleans fered to his son the Duke of Nemours; an event replete with good, and big with that, from the same worthy motives, he joyous hope and bright anticipation. For had withdrawn his troops from Ancona, as does he not see in it the union of western well as from the walls of Antwerp, the and constitutional Europe against any po- moment the citadel had surrendered; and licy hostile to right and to freedom which that he had, year after year, kept under, northern powers might be disposed to es- even at the risk of his own life, and of the tablish or promote? And does he not see lives of his sons, that spirit of aggression, in it the security and permanency of Bel- conquest, and war, which, if it had not gium as a neutral state-a neutral but ef- been repressed, must have involved Europe fectual barrier against aggression and in- in years of bloodshed, rapine, and desosult? And does he not see in that inter-lation. Do not tell me that this was no change of kindly looks, affectionate sym- national act of respect or confidence paid pathies, and national respect, a security by the Queen of Great Britain, but that it against the predominance of a Bourbon po- was simply a personal mark of respect and licy in Spain, and against the establish- confidence. In constitutional states this ment of a clashing policy towards Portu- is not the course or order of proceeding. gal, as well as against any unworthy or In absolute monarchies, the imperial or the illiberal and intolerant spirit in the South monarchical will is every thing. In limitSeas? And does he not perceive in it a ed or constitutional monarchies the royal pledge that French policy as to Algeria will is directed by public opinion. Not the will not be such as would require from us ever-varying, unstable, and inconsiderate either protests or loud complaints, menaces opinion of the multitude, of the thoughtor hostilities? Two of the most honest, less and ill-informed, but that calm, quiet, well-principled, and admirable men, have deliberate voice which is heard and obey met-we mean M. Guizot and Lord Aber-ed, because it is the voice of reason, of nadeen. The Queen Victoria was accom- tional respect, and of public principle. panied by the "Travelled Thane," and M. It is a glorious sight to behold the flush Guizot, with his unostentatious manners, of joy and delight, proceeding from kindred simple and charming tastes and feelings, hearts, and expressed in kindred smiles or and irreproachable life, was there, to re- tears, at first interviews or at second ceive, with gentlemanly urbanity and states- meetings, where recollections of the first manlike dignity, our secretary of state for are vivid and delightful. Such were the the foreign department. Tell me not that interviews of Albert and Victoria, after such an interview was nugatory. Tell me years of youthful separation! It is a glorinot that it will have no effect on the po- ous sight to see old veterans in the public litical or commercial relations of the two cause, once rivals, afterwards hoary-headed countries. Tell me not that all the charms contemporaries, meet again on neutral of our youthful monarch, and all the high-ground, and exchange those hearty conminded courtesy and affability of her justly gratulations which wise and good men esteemed consort, have produced no effect will offer to each other in after years. on the French court, the French press, the Such was the interview to which Soult and French government, or the French people! Wellington were parties, when the hero of Tell me not that the visit was one merely Toulouse met the conqueror of Waterloo of ceremony, or of court friendship, or sim- in the metropolitan banqueting-room of the ply of pleasure and amusement. No! it citizens of London. But it was even a was much more than this. The mere fact finer sight than these, when the young of the visit, which was asked by the one, queen of a mighty empire, herself full of and consented to by the other, was in itself love, light, life, hope, peace, and joy, quita great event. To ask for visit, and to ted for a while the shores of her own muchpay it, showed how by pacific, honorable, I loved empire, to do homage to the venera
THE DUKE OF ORLEANS.
ble monarch of a great and a neighboring ancient monarchies and empires whose nation; and in the presence of other queens foundations are almost as old as the world, and other princes, to ratify the bonds of which sprang from the deluge; yet that it alliance and friendship which at present hailed with delight this visit of Britain's exist, and to give, besides this, a moral queen to the monarch of the Gauls, and guarantee for the future to both govern- saw, in that visit, the triumph of a wise, ments and to both people, to both dynasties enlightened, pacific, and truly statesmanand to both empires, that slight causes like and Conservative policy. Honor to should not be allowed to disturb the mu- the King of the French! and honor to the tual relations of Great Britain and France. Queen Victoria!--but honor, also, to Lord But there was more than even this. The Aberdeen and to M. Guizot! visit of our monarch to the château of Eu is a pledge that our relations with France shall neither be stationary nor fruitless. The French people, sensitive sometimes almost to absurdity, are accessible to the most tender sympathies, and the most noble and generous aspirations. Talk as the republicans may in some of their journals, the smiles of the queen were not without their value-for they have disarmed the bitter spirits of the ultra-nationalists in spite of themselves. Talk as they may of France assuming an attitude of suspicion and distrust-but the French are as sus ceptible of acts of confidence and affection as they are of distrust and mefiance-our commercial relations will be influenced by our political alliances; and the chambers of peers and deputies will rightly feel that, when the Queen of Great Britain landed at Tréport, to render homage to the French government and king, the nation was not forgotten; and that the French were thus appealed to to form with us a yet closer and more compact alliance.
There is an incident in the life of the then Duke of Orleans belonging to the period at which I had arrived when I closed the first part of this monarch's extraordinary memoirs, which I had forgotten in my narrative. It is the following:-Whilst engaged as professor of mathematics, geography, and the French and English languages, at Richeneau, his conduct was so exemplary, his views so elevated, and his principles so worthy of one of his age and position, that, without knowing him to be either the Duke of Chartres or of Orleans, the inhabitants of that spot felt so sincere a respect for both his talents and virtues, that they elected him to be their deputy to the Assembly of Coire! True, indeed, the reception by him at that moment of the heart-rending intelligence of his father's execution prevented him from carrying into effect their highly complimentary intentions, but his majesty has always preserved a strong feeling of gratitude and affection for old Helvetia.
I have thus commenced the second part of the life of Louis Philippe; not that the events to which I have referred have any The day had at length arrived when, with connection whatever with the portion of knapsack on his shoulder, with staff in hand, the history of that great man to which I am and with a desire to increase his knowabout to direct attention, but because ledge by travelling, and to obtain peace events of such a nature as these are worthy and repose from the dreadful agitations of of being most distinctly referred to and western and of central Europe, he sallied commemorated in the pages of REGINA. forth, with a faithful French servant named In future years, when the historian shall Baudoin, to attain the objects he had thus take his pen, and, searching though the in view. How often in his quiet family periodical literature of our present times, circle at Neuilly in after years did the duke shall turn to the journals which were con- converse with his friends and children retemporary with these transactions, he may, lative to this expedition! He had originperchance, record that whilst Fraser's Ma-ally intended at once to proceed to Amergazine would yield to none in a love of na tional grandeur, independence, and dig. nity, nor to any in a desire to see all the old alliances of Great Britain maintained, and a profound respect for vested interests exhibited, as well as an adherence to existing and long-signed treaties displayed; and that, whilst it delighted at all times to contemplate the old governments, laws, and traditions, of by-gone days, as well as those
ica; but, on arriving at Hamburg, his pecuniary resources were so small, that his aunt, the Princess de Conti, on the one hand, and his old and faithful friend, Madame de Genlis, on the other hand, so unable to assist him, that he came to the resolution of wandering over the regions of the north. Accustomed to brown bread and a draught of cold water, to a hard mattrass, a very little wardrobe, and to a
this proof of generosity, and of filial respect for the object of his father's and mother's bounty, that he declined receiving so much as one out of four louis from the prince's hands; but the duke took to flight, and left the grateful but unhappy exile weeping with gratitude and joy.
variety of other privations, he proceeded | you can of this, we live in times when we with a small letter of credit to Copenhagen, must all economize." The poor, exiled, procured passports for himself, for Bau- disconsolate old man was so struck with doin, as well as for his sincere friend Count Montjoie, and hastened, as economically and as rapidly as he could to the Scandinavian peninsula. I remember to have met in Switzerland at the pretty villa of a lady, formed to grace, adorn, and elevate the circle of her family and friends, of which she was the centre, an ingenuous, able, At Copenhagen the duke was better and delightful old Swiss gentleman, M. de known, but was freed from the sort of Bonstetten. Endowed with an admirable surveillance almost everywhere exercised memory, enriched by great acquirements over him before he arrived in that city by and by classical and historical knowledge, the emigrants, who seemed to pursue exthis most agreeable and well-informed man pressly to torment him. The Castle of was received with delight into the best cir- Kronenburg, the Gardens of Hamlet, and cles of Europe, and never failed to enliven the Sound at Helsinbourg, were all visitand enchant all who listened to him. Ied by him, and he thence proceeded to connect his name with this portion of the life of Louis Philippe, because he related to me two anecdotes of the subject of this sketch which may be relied on, and which are worth preserving. Whilst at Hamburg on one occasion, an old refugee, a had specimen of a good race, openly insulted him, and, accosting him in the public streets, demanded, "What right the son of a regicide had to meet the victims of his father's atrocious conduct, and why he did not hide his head in obscurity or the dust?" The young duke, who was unprepared for this unprincipled and ungentlemanly attack, fell back a few paces, regarded his adversary with a look of stern dignity, and then said, "Sir, if I have either offended or injured you, I am prepared to give you satisfaction; but if I have done neither, what will you one day think of yourself for having insulted in a foreign land a prince of fallen fortunes, and an honest and independent young man ?" The wretched creature who had so insulted him stole off to his hiding-place, whilst some standers-by, who had understood the colloquy, applauded the young and cour. ageous exile.
On another occasion at Hamburg the young duke, appealed to for relief by a former dependent on the bounty of his father "Egalité," but who had rushed from Paris to save his life, and had arrived at the city in question, the duke explained to him that his means were so limited, and his expectations of assistance so scanty, that he really had not the power of doing all he could desire for one whom his father and mother had regarded with respect and pity. "But," added the duke, "I have four louis left, take one of them; when I shall replace it I know not; make the best use
Sweden, and found himself in the midst of a most hospitable and endearing people. Göttenburgh and Lake Wener, the waterfalls of Göetha Elf, and the majestic works at Trollhæthan, undertaken to connect the Gulf of Bothnia with the North Sea, were explored by the duke, who states, now that he is King of the French, that one of the first occasions on which he took a deep and abiding interest in undertakings of a large and national character, was when regarding that effort of skill and industry. Thence he bent his steps to Norway, resided a little time at Frederick shall, and then proceeded to Christiana, where, in virtuous and useful occupations, he spent his days, devoting his time to moral, scientific, and philosophical pursuits. There is a curious circumstance connected with his residence in Christiana which I delight to record. The late M. Monod, senior, an enlightened French Protestant pastor, whose urbanity and Christian gentleness his successors and descendants would do well to imitate, was residing at that period in the Norwegian capital. Educated by Madame de Genlis to respect and honor the characters of all truly good men, the young duke soon learned to estimate the merits of M. Monod; and although he did not make himself known to that good man, he discovered in him exalted rank, perfect manners, and a virtuous mind. Their conversations often turned to the subject of France, and the progress of democracy in that country, and on one occasion M. Monod introduced the character and conduct of the Duke of Orleans on the tapis. With that Christian moderation which distinguished the conduct and life of M. Monod, senior, he observed, "I have been accustomed to hear much that is disgusting and
revolting of the late Duke of Orleans, but | it, and asked the Norwegian gentleman I cannot help thinking that he must have why it was he called out for the Duke of had some virtues mixed up with his evil Orleans' carriage, "What have you to do propensities, for no reckless or worthless man could have taken so much pains with the education of his children. His eldest son, I have been assured, is the model of filial affection as well as of all the virtues." The duke felt his cheeks suffused with blushes, and M. Monod perceived it. "Do you know him?" asked M. Monod.
"Yes I do, a little," replied the duke, "and I think you have somewhat exaggerated his praises."
The next time the venerable Protestant pastor saw the Duke of Orleans, was in his own palace at the Palais Royal! M. Monod was at the head of the Protestant Consistory of Paris, and was visiting the illustrious prince to congratulate him on his return to his native country. When the ceremony was over, the duke called M. Monod aside, and asked, "How long it was since he had quitted Christiana ?"
"Oh! many years," replied the excellent man; "it is very kind of your royal highness to remember that I was ever an inhabitant of that city."
"It is more, then, M. Monod, than you remember of me!"
"Was your royal highness, then, ever an inhabitant of Christiana ?" asked the astonished pastor.
"Do you remember M. Corby-the young Corby?" inquired the duke.
"Most certainly I do, and I have frequently sought for some intelligence with regard to him, but could procure none."
Then I was M. Corby," replied the duke, and the rest of the conversation can be easily imagined. To the hour of his death the duke was much attached to the admirable M. Monod, and some of Louis Philippe's affection for Protestant families, Protestant communities, and the Protestant clergy, can unquestionably be traced to the influence exercised by that gentleman over the mind of his Christiana young friend.
There is, also, a story told respecting the Duke of Orleans at this period which is less authentic, but more generally known than the preceding. On one occasion he felt convinced he was discovered, and became much alarmed. The circumstances were the following. During a country excursion with some friends, or rather acquaintances, he heard one of the party exclaim aloud at the close of the day, Duke of Orleans' carriage!" There was no carriage to be seen. The duke became embarrassed, but he endeavored to conceal
with him?" The gentleman, who was the son of a banker, replied that there was no other reason for making the exclamation than that, when he was in Paris with his family, every evening as they were leaving the French opera he heard the people vociferating, "La voiture de Monseigneur le Duc d'Orleans!"
Ah! how the times had changed! The popularity of former epochs had given way to low jests and indecent and brutal reproaches as the former idol of the "canaille" was led away by them to the guil lotine and to death!
Drontheim and Hamersfeldt endeared themselves to Louis Philippe's remembrance by the courtesy of Baron Kroh at the former, and by the civility of the kindly Laplanders at the latter place; and to the inhabitants of that small and frozen spot the now King of the French has sent a large and handsome clock, capable by its admirable workmanship of resisting the influence of the temperature, to be placed in the church of Hamersfeldt. These are the changes in the life of a man which no romance can equal, and no fiction can imitate. The wandering exile, poor, unknown, visits the snows of Lapland, and almost envies the arctic and monotonous repose of its inhabitants. That exile is afterwards the King of the French, sends forth to those regions scientific expeditions of discovery, and forwards to the dreaming, sleepy, inoffensive, but still only half existing Laplanders, a permanent memorial of his interest and esteem.
Brought up by Madame de Genlis, by whom, at least, I will seek to do justice in this sketch of His Majesty Louis Philippe, wholly to disregard the luxuries of the table, to be indifferent to ease, to sleep, to soft couches, to fine linen, and, indeed, to all the superfluities of life, the young duke never repined at the humblest meal, never complained of the most wretched fare, never reproached those who supplied him with the least dainty provisions, thanked his God for his daily bread, laid up stores of information for coming years, and although he had no right whatever to presume that he would ever be called to the throne, yet acted as one should do who was certain of such an elevation.
Taught, likewise, to feel no fear, he vis ited on all occasions during his voyages and travels all that was interesting though surrounded by dangers; and amongst other