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between Napoleon's friends and his enemies, the difficulty of conveying to my readers and which will ever be the most important my own impression of the disposition of of all in the estimation of a woman, is, Napoleon. Matters of feeling are often whether he furnished another proof of the incapable of demonstration. "close affinity between superlative intellect The innumerable acts of amiability and and the warmth of the generous affections," kindness which he lavished on all around (to use the words of the Rev. - Crabbe, in him at my father's house, derived perhaps his delightful life of his father,) or whether their chief charm from the way in which he is to be considered a superior kind of they were done—they would not bear being calculating machine, the reasoning power told. Apart from the sweetness of his smile perfect, but the heart altogether absent. and manner, their effect would have been

Bourrienne, who, although conscientious comparatively nothing. But young people and exact in the main, exhibits no partiality are generally keen observers of character. to the emperor, describes him as très peu Their perceptive faculties are ever on the aimant,” and reports his having said," I alert, and their powers of observation not have no friend except Duroc, who is unfeel the less acute, perhaps, that their reason ing and cold, and suits me;" and this may lies dormant, and there is nothing to interhave been true in his intercourse with the rupt the exercise of their perceptions. And world, and with men whom he was accus- after seeing Napoleon in every possible tomed to consider as mere machines,-the mood, and in his most unguarded moments, instruments of his glory and ambition : and when I am sure from his manner that the whom he therefore valued in proportion to idea of acting a part never entered his head, the sternness of the stuff they were made I left him impressed with the most complete of. Even his brothers, whom he is said to conviction of his want of guile, and the have included in this sweeping abnegation thorough amiability and goodness of his of friendship, he taught himself to look upon heart. That this feeling was common to as the means of carrying out his ambitious almost every one who approached him, the projects, and as they were not always sub- respect and devotion of his followers at St. servient to his will, but came at times into Helena is a sufficient proof. They had then political collision with him, his fraternal nothing more to expect from him, and only affection, which seldom resists the rude entailed misery on themselves by adhering shocks of contending worldly interests, was to his fortunes. cooled and weakened in the struggle. Shortly after he left the Briars for Long.

But my own conviction is, that unless wood, I was witness to an instance of the Napoleon's ambition interfered, to which almost worship with which he was regarded every thing else was sacrificed, he was pos- by those around him. A lady of high dis. sessed of much sensibility and feeling, and tinction at St. Helena, whose husband filled was capable of strong attachment.

one of the diplomatic offices there, rode The Duchess d’Abrantes, who was inti- up one morning to the Briars. I happened mately acquainted with Napoleon at an to be on the lawn, and she requested me to early age, gives him credit for much more show her the part of the cottage occupied warmth of heart than is allowed him by the by the emperor. I conducted her to the world; and, brought up as she had been pavilion, which she surveyed with intense with himself and his family, she was well interest; but when I pointed out to her the qualified to form an opinion of him. crown which had been cut from the turí by

I think his love of children, and the de. his faithful adherents, she lost all control light he felt in their society, and that, too, over her feelings. Bursting into a fit of at the most calamitous period of his life, passionate weeping, she sunk on her knees when a cold and unattachable nature would upon the ground, sobbing hysterically. At have been abandoned to the indulgence of last she fell forward, and I became quite selfish misery; in itself speaks volumes for alarmed, and would have run to the cottage his goodness of heart. After hours of la- to tell my mother and procure some re. borious occupation, he would often permit storatives; but starting up, she implored us to join him; and that which would have me, in a voice broken by emotion, to call fatigued and exhausted the spirits of others, no one, for that she should soon be herself seemed only to recruit and renovate him again. She entreated me not to mention His gaiety was often exuberant at these to any one what had occurred; and pro. moments; he entered into all the feelings ceeded to say that the memory of Napoleon of young people, and when with them was was treasured in the hearts of the French a mere child, and, I may add, a most amus people as it was in hers; and that they ing one. I feel, however, even painfully, I would all willingly die for him. She was herself a Frenchwoman, and very beauti- Napoleon, too, in the absence of every ful.

thing more worthy of supplying food to his She recovered herself after some time, mighty intellect, did not disdain to interest and put a thousand questions to me about himself in the merest trifles. My father Napoleon, the answers to which seemed to has often described him as appearing as interest her exceedingly. She said several much absorbed and occupied in the details times, “How happy it must have made you of some petty squabble with the governor, to be with the emperor !"

as if the fate of empires had been under After a long interview, she put a thick discussion. He has often made us laugh veil down over her still agitated features, with his account of the ridiculous way in and returning to her horse, mounted and which Napoleon spoke of Sir Hudson rode away. For once, I kept a secret, and Lowe; but their disputes were generally though questioned on the subject, I merely on subjects so trivial, that I deem it my said she had come to see the pavilion, with duty to draw a veil over these last infirmiout betraying what had taken place. ties of so noble a mind.

Napoleon, on his first arrival, showed an One circumstance I may relate. inclination to mix in what little society St. Napoleon, wishing to learn English, proHelena afforded, and would, I think, have cured some English books, and amongst continued to do so but for the unhappy dif. them “Æsop's Fables” were sent him. In ferences with Sir Hudson Lowe. These one of the fables the sick lion, after subat length grew to such a height, that the mitting with fortitude to the insults of the emperor seemed to consider it almost a many animals who came to exult over his point of honor to shut himself up, and make fallen greatness, at last received a kick in himself as miserable as possible, in order the face from the ass. to excite indignation against the governor. “I could have borne every thing but

Into the merits of these quarrels it is not this,” the lion said. my intention to enter. With all


feel. Napoleon showed the woodcut, and adding of partiality for the emperor, I have ed, "It is me and your governor." often doubted whether any human being Amongst other accusations against Napocould have filled the situation of Sir Hud- leon, some writers have said that he was son Lowe, without becoming embroiled deficient in courage. He always gave me with his unhappy captive. The very title the idea on the contrary of being constituwith which he was accosted, and the man- tionally fearless. I have already mentioned ner of addressing him when contrasted with his feats of horsemanship ; and the speed the devotion of those around him, must have with which his carriage generally tore along seemed almost insulting; and the emperor the narrow mountainous roads of St. Helena was most brusque and uncompromising in would have been intolerable to a timid pershowing his dislike to any one who did not son. I have more than once seen gentleplease him. The necessary restrictions on men, whose horses were rather skittish, his personal liberty would always have been obliged to turn, to their great annoyance, a fruitful source of discord. And even had when the emperor approached almost at Napoleon himself been inclined to submit speed, and fairly take to their heels, pursued to his fate with equanimity, it is doubtful by him, until they reached an open space whether his followers would have allowed where they could pass his carriage without him. Accustomed as they had been to the danger of their horses shying and going gaiety and brilliancy of the French capital, down a precipice. their“ séjour,” to use their own words, on He had a description of jaunting car, in that lone island, could not fail to be which he yoked three Cape horses abreast "affreur.” And as they were generally the in the French style. And if he got any one medium of communication between Napo. into this, he seldom let his victim out until leon and the authorities, the correspondence he had frightened him heartily. would necessarily be tinged with more or One day he told General Gourgaud to less of the bitterness of their feelings. make his horse rear, and put his fore-paws Their very devotion to the emperor would into the carriage, to my great terror. He make them too tenacious and exacting with seemed indeed to possess no nerves himself, regard to the deference his situation entitled and to laugh at the existence of sear in him to; and thus orders and regulations, others. which only seemed to the authorities indis Napoleon, as far as I was capable of pensable to his security, became a crime in judging, could not be considered fond of their eyes, and were represented to the literature. He seldom introduced the topic emperor as gratuitous and cruel insults. in conversation, and I suspect his reading

VOL. III. No. III. 23

was confined almost solely to scientific sub- Poor, sobbing thing, dark as thy sire, jects. I have heard him speak slightingly

Or mother sad, heartbroken, lorn

And will they quench a sacred fire :of poets, and call them rêveurs ; and still I

And shall that child from her be torn ?-believe the most visionary of them all was 'Tis done-poor wrecks, your cup is gall; the only one he ever read. But his own Yet ye're my neighbors, each and all. vast and undefined schemes of ainbition seemed to have found something congenial

Who is my neighbor? Is it he

Who moves triumphant down the vale, in the dreamy sublimities of Ossian.

While shouting myriads bend the knee,
And poison all the passing gale
With adulation's rankest breath,
To one whose trade is that of death ?-


Yes; he's my neighbor-he and they
Who press around yon gallant steed,
That, in the frenzy of the fray,
Has crown'd his rider's ruthless deed-
Crush'd out life's slowly ebbing flood,
And stain'd his iron hoofs in blood !

From Tait's Magazine,

Tuy neighbor who? son of the wild ?
“ All who, with me, the desert roam ;
The freemen sprung from Abram's child,
Whose sword 's his life, a tent his home-
Whose steeds, with mine, have drunk the well
Of Hagar and of Ishmael.”'

Thy neighbor who ? oh tell me, thou,
With burning cheek, and eyes of flame!
“ The iron breast-the dauntless brow-
The souls that Persia could not tame;
The free-the brave-by me led on-
The conquering bands of Marathon !"

Who were thy neighbors ? name them, thou,
The sire of academic lore-
There's something on thy noble brow
Bespeaks a spirit that can soar;
The echoes tell—while Plato smiles,
“ The free of Doric lands and isles."

The gallant chief is passing by,
And crowds on crowds hang round his way,
And youth has lift the voice on high,
And age has bared his locks of gray ;
And gentle forms, like birds on wing,
Are passing by and worshipping!
My neighbors all-each needs a sigh,
Each in due form a friendly prayer :-
“Oh! raise the low, bring down the high
To wisdom's point, and fix them there;
Where men are men, and pomp and pride
Are mark'd, and doom'd, and crucified."
Thou art my neighbor, child of pain ;
And thou, lorn pilgrim, steep'd in woe;
Our neighbor she, with frenzied brain,
Whose pangs we little reck or know;
Who loved while hope and reason shone,
Nor ceased to love when both were gone.
And if on this green earth there be
One heart by baleful malice strung,
A breast that harbors ill to me,
A sland'rous, false, reviling tongue, -
My neighbor he-and I forgive;
Oh! may he turn, repent, and live.


Who is our neighbor? Ask at Rome
The marble bust-the mould'ring heaps ;
At Ctesiphon, the Parthan's home-
His bow's now broke, his charger sleeps-
At every mound that awes or shocks,
From Indus to the Grampian rocks.

A voice comes o'er the northern wave-
A voice from many a palmy shore-
Our neighbor who? ** The free-the brave-
Our brother clansmen, red with gore,
Who battled on our left or right,
With fierce goodwill and giant might."

Who, then, 's our neighbor? Son of God,
In meekness and in mildness come!
Oh! shed the light of life abroad,
And burst the cerements of the tomb!
Then bid earth's rising myriads move
From land to land on wings of love.

Our neighbor's home 's in every clime
Of sun-bright tint, or darker hue,-
The home of man since ancient time,
The bright green isles, 'mid oceans blue;
Or rocks, where clouds and tempests roll
In awful grandeur near the pole.

IMMENSE BELL.--An immense bell, the largest ever cast in England, weighing no less than 7 tons, 11 cwt. 2 qrs. and 12 lbs., has been shipped for Montreal, intended for the new Catholic cathedral. The bell is heavier than the Great Tom of Lincoln, by 32 cwt.--Examiner.

DEATH FROM SYMPATHY.-An inquest has been held on the body of Edward Pearson, aged 25, a coppersmith. On Tuesday last, as deceased was assisting some men to place a large roll of sheel copper into a truck in Shoe lane, it slipped aside, and was near maiming one of them. `Deceased, upon witnessing the occurrence, stood motionless, and the workmen asked him if he had received any injury. It was found that he had not ; but he was so greatly affected at the danger from which his fellow workman had escaped, that he trembled, and was unable to proceed with his business for more than a quarter of an hour. At twelve o'clock at night his wife found him lying insensible by her side, and in a few minutes he died. Mr. Ray, surgeon, said he thought deceased had died from diserse of the heart, most probably hastened by the effects of the fright.-Ibid.

My neighbor, he who groans and toils,
The serf and slave, on hill and plain
Of Europe, or of India's soils,-
On Asia, or on Afric's main, -
Or in Columbia's marshes deep,
Where Congo's daughters bleed and weep.

From the Examiner,


vernment could not interfere while the church of Scotland was in opposition to the law of the

land; but that objection having been removed In the House of Commons, Monday, July 31, by the acts of the assembly, the present measure the second reading of the church of Scoiland was now introduced, (Cheers.)—Mr. Wallace benefices bill was moved, and Sir J. GRA- rose to oppose the bill, which, he said, so far HAM entered into a historical review of the ques. from removing doubts, would be the means of tion, from the time of the reformation down to exciting a litigation hitherto unknown. It sethe present time. From which it appears-1. cured the rights of the clergy, but destroyed That the exercise of lay patronage has existed those of the people; and would involve the since the reformation, but that it has always been Queen in a violation of the coronation oath. viewed with great jealousy by the Presbyterian He moved that the bill be read a second time people of Scotland. 2. That the Presbyterian that day six months.--Mr. A. B. COCHRANE settlement of 1690 established, and substantially also objected to the bill.--Mr. RUTHERFord folrecognized three rights, namely, the right of the lowed, expressing his surprise at the introducpatron to present, the right of congregations to tion of the bill at so late a period of the session. object, and the right of the Presbyteries, or Warmly eulogizing the conduct of the seceders, church courts, to consider and decide upon and who had acted from deep conscientious feeling, between the claims of the patron and the objec- as evinced by no less than two hundred licentions of the congregation. 3. That though, es- tiates voluntarily abandoning those prospects sentially, this has remained law and practice, which constituted the highest object of their the statute of Queen Anne, and subsequent ambition; he proceeded, in a lengthened and usage, gave power to the patrons, and diminished learned argument, to show that the original limor obscured the powers and rights of the people itations on the rights of lay patronage had not and of the church courte. 4. That the general been affected by subsequent enactments, as the assembly of the church of Scotland continued statute of Queen Anne, and that therefore the formally to protest against patronage, until the right of the people to object generally to a preyear 1784; but from that year, down to 1834, sentee, and of the church courts to sustain the no protest had been adopted by the assembly, objection, existed in law, of which the Veto act and patronage existed unquestioned and abso- of the assembly was an assertion. The bill pro. lute. 5. That on the revival of the anti-patron- fessed to be "declaratory," but where was the age spirit in Scotland, doubts existed as to the law to be found which it professed to "declare ?" interpretation of the right of the congregation Nay, if it were only declaratory, whence the to object; the law courts deciding, in the Auch-necessity of announcing the consent of the crown terarder case, that the right of objection was to the introduction of the measure? The bill confined to “lise, learning, and doctrine,” and was, in fact, “ enactive;" it changed the constithat no presentee could be refused admission to tution of the church of Scotland, as secured by a charge, except on grounds narrowed to these statute; it interfered with the rights of patrons, considerations. 6. But by the passing of the and altered the internal government of the Veto act, the general assembly conferred on the church, by interfering with its judicatories; and people an absolute right of objecting to any in handing over the rights of the patrons to the presentee on any ground whatever, thereby over-church--the priesthood-it vested them in the throwing the legal rights of the patrons. 7. worst depositories which could be devised, for Hence arose the controversy-the Non-intru- presbyter was but priest writ large.” (Hear.) sionists claiming for the people and the church In the present temper of the people it would courts an entire and absolute right of rejection; only aggravate all its evils, and drive more of the and the law courts sustaining the rights of the members of the establishment from it. (Hear.) patrons, whose presentees were held to be “duly ---Sir W. Follett said the claims of the Nonqualified," and therefore entitled to the posses- intrusionists were such as no government could sion of their parishes, unless objected to on sub- sanction or satisfy. The present measure, stantial grounds of "life, learning, or doctrine." whose object was the removing of doubts, was 8. In 1840, the Earl of Aberdeen, himself a acceptable to the general assembly, and those Presbyterian, brought in a bill to setile the con-adhering to the established church.-Lord J. troversy, by defining the rights both of patrons Russeli said, that as the acknowledged learnand of people, and of setting both on the old ing and undisputed ability of the Solicitor-Genbasis of the right of the patron to present, the eral had failed to answer the admirable speech right of the people to object, and the right and of Mr. Rutherford, it was a convincing proof that duty of the church courts to decide between there was something essentially wrong in the patron and people. 9. That attempt having bill. The highest legal authorities of the House proved unsuccessful, the present government, of Lords had protested against the bill as being on coming into office, could not stir until the Veto" declaratory' of that which was not the law of act of the assembly was rescinded, because they Scotland; but a political majority, in order to considered it as subverting the law of Scotland testily their regard for Lord Aberdeen, and their on the subject of patronage ; but this being done, confidence in his management of our foreign they proceeded to that settlement of the ques- affairs, supported the bill, and overthrew solemn tion which it is expected this bill will effect. The judicial decisions. (Hear.)—Sir G. Clerk folspeech of Sir James Graham was occupied with lowed, re-stating the points urged in the Solithe various details necessary to the elucidation citor-General's speech.--Mr. F. Maule, speakof his argument. In answer to the objection, ing on his own behalf and of those who, like him, that the bill was "too late," he said that the go. I have seceded with extreme sorrow, from the

established church of Scotland, said that they Like him who gazed on his country's palm, looked on with comparative indifference as to By the palace-circled Seine, the result of the bill. It would not withdraw Till the Pagod rose in the wanderer's dream, one individual from the ranks of the free Pres- And the Ganges rolled again. byterian church, nor retain in the establishment How sweet in our childhood's ear they spoke, any disposed to join them. Nor was it accept

For we knew their voices well, able to the moderate party remaining in the When far in our western hills they woke, church ; for at a recent meeting at Edinburgh, Of the coming Spring to tell; at which Principal Macfarlane, the moderator of But now they send us a sadder sound, the general assembly, was present, a resolution On the winds of Autumn eves, was adopted to oppose the bill.—Mr. A. CAMP- For it murmurs of wisdom more profound, BELL, in strong and emphatic terms, condemned But it tells of withered leaves. the bill. It was an utter subversion of the constitution of Scotland, conferred upon the church 0, such were the Dryad tones that rose

In the Grecian woods of old, courts a “Puseyite” power of investigating

And the voice from the Indian wilderness, character, and of entering into private families, in order to weigh one objection against another. For many a minstrel's dream had birth

That the conqueror's fate foretold ; and the fate of the factories bill might have

In the sounds of leaf and breeze, warned the government not to interfere with the And the early oracles of earth evangelical party in Scotland.-Mr. H. John

Were the old complaining Trees ! STONE described the bill as a boon, which would

FRANCES BROWN. be hailed as such by the people.—Sir R. PEEL objected to many of the arguments used in the A FIRE-PROOF PowdER MAGAZINE.- The Times debate, as having no bearing on the question mentions that an experiment took place on Wednesbefore the house. The constitution and spirit day at Paine's wharf, Westminster, for the purpose of Presbyterianism gave the people the right ot of testing the capabilities of a magazine lo contain objection, and the Presbyteries the right of de- powder in ships of war, recently patented by Mr.J. cision; and this, which was the usage from the A. Holdsworth, as being impervious to fire, though earliest times, was the leading feature of the subjected on all sides to the greatest possible debill

. He called on them, therefore, to confirm gree of heat. A model of a magazine, about nine the principle, by carrying the second

reading, feet square, was placed on the wharf within a few leaving details for future discussion. The house feet of the water's edge. This model is formed of divided--for the second reading, 98; against it, I about two inches and a half asunder, the hollow

a double set of thin iron plates, riveted together at 80: majority, 18,

being filled with water and supplied from a vat placed somewhat above the level of the magazine and entering it through a pipe inserted in the lower part of the model. A channel of communication

exists through every side, as well as the top and TREES.

bottom, and from the upper surface a second pipe

conveys the stream of water back to the vat from From the Athenæum.

which it is supplied. The door of the magazine is Like the latest left of the battle-spears,

hung on hinges, made hollow, and guarded from In their ancient strength they stand;

leaking by stuffing boxes, so that the water flows And they tell us still of the sylvan years

into the door through one hinge and out through

the other. The patentee having explained the When the forests filled the laud ;

principle of bis invention, placed a quantity of Ere ever a hunter tracked the wood, Or mariner plough'd the seas,

combustible matter within the model, over which

some gunpowder was laid on a sheet of paper. A But the isles were green in the solitude Of their old primeval Trees,

registering thermometer having been placed inside,

the door was closed and a stack of dry timber, deThey have survived the Druid's faith,

posited on every side of the model, was set a-light. And the Roman eagle's fall,

The fire was kept up more than half an hour, and And the thrilling blast of the bugle's breath

the water rose to very nearly boiling heat, continuFrom the Norman's knightly hall;

ally passing in a stream through the upper pipes But the sun shines bright, and ihe showers descend, into the reservoir containing cold water." On the And the wild bird's home is made,

door being opened, the combustible matters and Where the ancient giants still extend

powder were found to be perfectly uninjured, and The green of their summer shade.

the highest point to which the mercury had risen

within the model was marked at 100 degrees of We have seen our early winters hang

Fahrenheit. A somewhat similar principle has Their pearls on each leafless bough,

been applied to the stoker's room in the l'ictoria And greeted the buds of the waking Spring and Albert royal steam yacht, where the bulkheads With a joy we know not now;

have been constructed of two plates of sheet-iron, For Life hath its winters cold and hoar,

instead of wood faced with iron, a stream of water But their frosts can form no gem;

constantly flowing between, by which means the And the Spring may breathe on our hearts no more, temperature of the engine-room is kept cool. Itki.

But it still returns to them.
They are waving o'er our hamlet roofs,

The Rev. Mr. Mahoney, better known as F:They are bending o'er our dead,

ther Prout, has received from government an apAnd the odors breathed from his native groves, On the exile's heart they shed;

pointment in the University of Valetta at Malta. -Ibid.


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