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THE ESCAPE OF FRANCESCO DA CARRARA, SOVEREIGN OF PADUA.

PAINTED BY CHARLES LOCK EASTLAKE, R. A., F. R. S. As the Plate in this No. needs no illustration, and many persons were at a loss for the incidents illustrating the “Escape of Carrara” in the last, we subjoin a brief notice.

This subject, from the History of the Italian States in the Middle Ages, is full of deep interest ; and the picture, when exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1834, excited much attention, though the particular story was not, perhaps, generally known; the observers felt sympathy for the fugitives of rank, represented in difficulty and danger, and admiration for the picture as a work of art.

The tale is found in the History of Padua of the 14th century, by Galeazzo and Andrea Gataro, the historians of the house of Carrara. Their manuscripts, in the Este Library, were first printed by Muratori, who says, in a preface, that of all the histories he had collected, this would be the most likely to reward the reader's attention; and Mr. Percival, in his History of Italy, speaking of the last sovereign of Padua (the hero of the present subject) and of his lady, says, “ The story of their sufferings and hair-breadth escapes, by Andrea Gataro, is more interesting than any romance, from the simple air of truth which pervades it.” An abridgment of this chronicle was published by David Syme, Esq., in Edinburgh, 1830.

Francesco Novella da Carrara, when heir to the sovereignty of Padua, was detained with his wife Taddea d’Este, and a few followers, at Asti, by Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan. The Governor of Asti soon informed his noble guest that Visconti had given secret orders for his assassination. The flight of the prisoners was agreed on; but, even in order to reach Florence, (to cross to Padua or Ferrara being out of the question,) they were obliged to penetrate into France, and then get to the coast. The emissaries of Visconti were everywhere on the watch; and the dangers the little party encountered before they reached Florence, Madonna Taddea being then enciente, and ill too, from fatigue, make up one of the most interesting chapters of the story of Gataro. The picture represents the escape of the fugitives, from the pursuit of the Podestà of Ventimiglia, by a narrow pass on the mountain-side which skirts the deep ravine of the Roya above that town. The shrinking fear of the boy who leads the mule, the alarm of the lady's attendant, and her own expression of pain and suffering as she leans on her gallant lord, who is ready in the extremity of danger to guard her from the approaching enemy, seen in the depths of the ravine below_disclose a moment of the deepest anxiety. They were overtaken, but fought their way to the shore, and ultimately escaped.

The period is the latter part of the 14th century. At the commencement of the 15ih, in 1406, Francesco Novella, with all his sons, was put to death by the Venetians in cold blood. He kept at bay five officers and twenty executioners for some time, before they subdued him and strangled him in his dungeon. Particulars can be found in Harpers' Family Library, No. XLII.

The picture was painted for James Morrison, Esq., and is now in his possession.

THE

ECLECTIC MUSEUM

OF

FOREIGN LITERATURE, SCIENCE, AND ART.

N O V E M B E R, 18 4 3.

LIFE OF A TRAVELLING PHYSICIAN.

interior of foreign life could have enabled

him to delineate ; joined with the shrewd From the Edinburgh Review.

judgments of a cosmopolite on the world

about him. A little more knowledge of The Life of a Travelling Physician, from his languages, we should have thought, would First Introduction to Practice ; including have done him no harm ; his German is Twenty Years' Wanderings through the somewhat elementary; his sins against greater part of Europe. 3 vols. 8vo. Lon- French orthography (albeit an accomplishdon : 1843.

ment on which he prides himself) unparThis is a rambling, discursive book;—the donable; while with Polish and Russian, work of a clever and acute observer ; but though he lived sixteen years in these nowise remarkable for either thinking or countries, he does not seem to possess any style. It has been put together with as lit. acquaintance. He at least disfigures the tle pains as we ever remember to have seen names of places and people in a manner exemplified in the operation of book-mak only equalled by the most slovenly of moding. But it is, upon the whole, amusing ; ern tourists. But as he has managed to and it leads us to think favorably of the au- live and thrive without them, so he sucthor himself. Sir George Lefevre (for so ceeds in giving his reader a tolerable in. the writer is confidently named in some of sight into many things, of which some writ. the periodical publications of the day) has ers of greater pretensions convey no idea. seen much of life—a great deal more than Altogether, had we been consulted, in our he chooses to communicate; and in what consulting capacity, as to whether these he has here revealed, it is not always easy records of the life of our medical friend to distinguish between dichtung'and wahr. should be given to the public, we should heit ;'-to borrow the title of Goethe's Me- have felt some difficulty in advising on the moirs, which he has himself chosen by way case: as it is, we are glad that no opportuof motto. Nothing, at any rate, can be nity was afforded us of giving the austerer more careless than his manner of throwing counsel. together his loose remarks on men and The 'travelling physician' first introthings; nothing more commonplace than duces himself to us in his capacity of medtwo-thirds of the matter with which he hasical student; having just picked up knowfilled up the predestined and favorite num- ledge enough to fancy bimself the vietim ber of three volumes. But the remaining of all the ills which flesh is heir to. It was portion consists of quaint anecdote, and under this conviction that he started on his descriptions of scenes and characters, such travels, after obtaining his degree at Edinas only an intimate acquaintance with the burgh. Each pain and ache,' says he,

VOL. III. No. III. 19

at )

• every comfortable sensation which I expe. | health ; and we hear no more of his con. rienced, seemed to indicate the last stage of sumption. consumption. I was continually feeling my After the termination of this engagement, pulse, taking a deep inspiration to discover we find him again in London, exerting him. whether I had any pain in my chest, atten. self to get on' in the usual course of his tive to every little symptom which might profession. He nearly succeeded in a great tend to strengthen the opinion which I had canvass for a Dispensary; but at last, al. formed of my case. I had two objects to though he could prove by his books that he attain, and their mutual accomplishment had secured two-thirds of the bona fide subwas necessary to my existence. I had to scribers, the candidate whom he feared the regain my own health, and to procure the least created upwards of a hundred old means of so doing by endeavoring to restore women, whose proxies threw me,' he says, the health of-others.'

'into the minority! I was in a rage, and The unpromising resource of East or the directors were in a rage, and a council West India practice was of course the first was called, and a law was passed which prething which offered itself under these pecu- vented such proceedings for the future; but liar circumstances; but fortunately, as it had no retrospective influence, and it did turned out for our physician, his endeavors not help me.' for employment in those quarters did not After three or four more years of hard succeed; and in September 1819, after a study, anxious expectations, and no fees, he period of that trying and anxious uncer. accepts a situation with Prince tainty which is usually allotted to the young Paris, as family physician for five years

. pilgrim in his outset in that profession-one of the roughest passages in the life of all,

“ The Prince was a man who lived for the and one with the sufferings of which there day, and only thought of the morrow as able to is the least sympathy to be met with—he the day. He seldom read, and if he did, it was

procure him possibly more entertainment than found himself comfortably established as only a pamphlet, or the last new novel published travelling physician to Lord then leav- by Avocat. With politics he never troubled ing England in the last stage of consump himself

, or he had, perhaps, been too much troution. We might, were it proper, fill up the bled by them. As regards general litrerature, blank with the name of a Scottish nobleman knew the merits of most authors, and could

however, he seemed to be quite au fait ; he of no ordinary character; one of those san- equally point out their defects. Speak of chem- ; guine temperaments so often found in con- istry, he seemed thoroughly acquainted with junction with predisposition to this malady; the principles of the science. Physics he had a the projector of schemes of singular mag- natural talent for, and was often occupied in innitude, who lived, like many similar project- venting some plan to counteract the loss in vertiors, a little before his time, and would cal motion. He was a very fair mathematician. have found in our days a much wider field He was an excellent modern linguist, and could of action, and fellow-visionaries as zealous nothing of the classics. His conversation was

speak half

a dozen languages fluently. He knew as himself.

replete with anecdote, for his memory was most English physicians had not then attained retentive, and he turned every thing he heard to the melancholy learning with which they his own account: he made it in fact his own. So now estimate the several varieties of air far from appearing to have neglected his educa. and temperature in the regions to which tion, he seemed on the contrary to have studied a they recommend the victims of that appal- derived from what he had picked up in conver

great deal; and yet his whole information was ling complaint. They consigned their p? sation, and little from books. His social powers tients to various by-places of the newly were great, and as he was not pedantic, but galopened Continent; but with results much lax and amiable in the extreme, so he was the same. Spain was talked of for winter. adored by the fair sex. The character drawn ing—then Montpelier—ihen Toulouse-by Segur of the famous Potemkin would apply and Pau was finally determined on, where in many respects to the Prince. the southern breezes blow freshly from the

"I may observe, that his occupations were

most trivial. He would rise at five o'clock, put glittering icy wall of the Pyrenees, full in on his robe-de-chambre, and sit at his table in sight. 'Qui diable vous a conseillé de venir his study till ten or eleven o'clock A. M. During ici?' said the Basques, as they pointed to the whole of this time he was employed in sketchtheir mountains. The first breezes of spring ing something upon paper, chewing the corner heralded the departure of the poor invalid, of hie pocket-handkerchief

, and taking snuff ; and procured the doctor his release, and a wholly absorbed in these occupations, he hardly

lifted his head from the table until he was sumpleasant solitary tour in the Pyrenees, moned to breakfast. Then his latent faculties where a village Æsculapius seems to have became free, and he would converse during the laughed him out of his fancies about his whole of this repast with his maître d'hôtel, or

his cook, if he had no other company. He sel-more? Now be candid, and speak the truth dom, however, was driven to such expedients; boldly: you know that I cannot do without you.' for as his table had the first reputation, there There is nothing like making an appeal to a were seldom wanting guests in the shape of man's seelings; it is by far the best way of atcousins, or nephews, or even of intimate friends. tacking him. The cook felt the full power of the This repast, which generally lasted an hour, was concluding part of the sentence— I cannot do always taken in the robe-de-chambre; and then without you.' he retired again to his cabinet, where he remain- "Why, sir, I admit that yours is an excellent ed until it was time to dress himself for the more situation; but you know, sir, that it is not equal important duties of the day ; such as are per- to my expenses. I like society--to treat my formed by a man with plenty of money, and friends handsomely. I am addicted to play: without any official occupation, in the most dis- enfin j'ai une petite maîtresse ; and you must sipated city in Europe. It was a promenade be aware, Prince, that, all these things conwith the Duchess of or the Countess of sidered, your wages are not sufficient.'

; perhaps it was in paying court to the “Good,' said the Prince: “this is precisely King, or more probably in doing nothing at all, the point to which I hoped to bring you. Tell with which he occupied himself till dinner-time. me how much all this costs you over and above

“ If the time previous to this important epoch what I give you and I will make up the differof the day, for to him la vie c'était le diner, was ence ; only do not rob me.' not all disposed of, he quietly undressed and went “The cook laid his hand upon his heart for a to bed, where he slept as soundly as at midnight, minute, and looking with an affectionate, and until his valet announced to him that it was time even grateful expression towards his master, reto dress. Then his imagination awoke, and he plied in a suppressed sigh, 'Non, monseigneur ; je was employed in anticipating the quality of the prefere de vous voler. Having said this he burst repast till he found himself seated by the fair into tears, and hid his face in a cotton handkerDuchess, and in the act of saying the prettiest chief. The Prince, seeing his distress, clapped thing in the world, or relishing a delightful him upon the shoulder, and encouraged him by mouthful of some choice dish. This was his saying, "Bien, mon cher, très bien, comme tu le element; he shone here as a bright star in the roudras.'”—Vol. i. p. 112. gastronomic firmament; but what greater eulogium can be paid him, than the one pronounced We must find room for a couple of other upon him by his own cook, who, in speaking of portraits from the same Prince's household him, and discussing his different merits

, observ; gallery-his French and Russian valets, ed, that it was a pleasure to serve him ; for, said Baptiste and Nicholas-each, like the cool, he, Monsieur le Prince est essentiellement cuisinier.'”_Vol. i. p. 108.

an arrant thief; but the one a thief of honor, the other of a religious turn.

the Prince himself respecting them : The artist in question had been cook to two Empresses, and was a man of merit, faithful servant enough in his way, but were I 10

“ Were I to ask the former, who is a good and but an inveterate thief notwithstanding.

ask him, I say, to do any thing more than he “ He had attended several courses of chemis- thought consistent with his dignity, and the glotry, and was always busy in inquiry. He ob- ty of the French name, he would spit in my face.

Were I to command him in the field, he would served to me once, indeed, with great emphasis. willingly rush into the cannon's mouth, and this that with respect to cooks and physicians it might be said truly, that their education was

not in mere obedience to my individual comnever finished.' Though the man was a Gas- mand, but with the idea of serving his country con, there were some good points in his charac- through nie, and doing his duty as a soldier.ter. He was honest enough to confess his dis- Whereas that bear, as you call him, does every honesty.

thing which I tell him to do, because it is I who “ The Prince, once shut up with him in his tell him to do it. He never stops to consider carriage, and proceeding gloomily along the

whether I have the right to command him or road which leads to Smolensko, (soon after the but then he will burn the other off for ny sake.

It is true, he will rob me with one hand, termination of the campaign which reduced that Such is human nature ; such the difference becity to ashes,) wishing no doubt to change his tween unpolished and civilized life. train of ideas, burst like a torrent upon his unsuspecting artist with the emphatic demand"Why do you rob me so ? The poor astounded 66 The difference of character in these two sercook, who was at the very moment probably de- vants was strikingly illustrated when they were vising some plan of peculation, to make up for under niy care. Baptiste had injured his ley, the time lost in a long, and for him unprofitable, and the wound spreading, he became alarmed: journey of some weeks' duration, replied in an seeing, also, that I did not look as if I gave him agitated ione, . Sir, sir, I don't rob you, I only much hope, he inquired with much agitation-only-only make the usual profits of my 'Est ce que Monsieur le Docteur en ait une mau

Stop,' said the Prince, “I am not angry raise opinion ?? with you: I know that you rob me; but I wish to ** We shall see, Baptiste: drink no wine.' make an arrangement with you. Why do you “ The following day, as I entered his room, he do it! I give you a handsome salary, you have first pointed to the botile of wine, which was unmany perquisites, and what need have you of corked, and then undid his bandages with fear

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