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virtue, the civic crown which your fellow-citizens | his biding place became a task of infinite difficulty. have awarded you!' At these words the music- However, after much inquiry, and many windings concealed in a vestibule of the building-struck up through a devious path, which lay over fields and a spirited melody; tears suffused the eyes of the through farm-yards, the distant sound of a violonspectators, and the procession recommenced its cello fell upon the ear of our wandering musical march in the same order as it arrived. After the votary, making him no longer doubtful of the Rosière had been conducted back to her home, a "whereabout" of the "famous bass player," as splendid banquet-in which she and her family took some of the hardy mountaineers had denominated part, and which the authorities of the village also him, on inquiry being made of them touching his honored with their presence-terminated the doings dwelling-house. Following the direction whence of the day."-Chambers's Edinburgh Journal. the pleasing sound issued, he was led to a meanlooking hut. He entered, and found the object of NEWSPAPER STATISTICS.-There are at present his search half dressed, engaged in the performance 138 newspapers circulated in London; the yearly of one of Lindley's concertos: the room contained circulation of which amounts to 36,271,020 papers, two pair of looms; in one of these the "guid-wife" and the advertisement duty to 48,179 10s. There was industriously "plying the shuttle ;" and on the are 214 English country papers in circulation, the hearth was her lord, surrounded by two or three total yearly sale of which amounts to 16,857,000 younkers, deeply engaged, as we have intimated, papers; showing that, though the number of jour- in a domestic concert of no ordinary or commonnals considerably exceeds the number in London, place character, for his execution of a difficult and the yearly circulation does not amount to half of beautiful composition is described as admirable and the circulation in the metropolis. The yearly worthy of all praise! Thus, beneath this humble amount of advertisement duty on the country pa- roof of poverty, and far from the haunts of cultivapers is 49,7661. 18s. The yearly amount of circu- tion and refinement, was presented a picture of simlation in Scotland is 1,478,940, and the advertise-ple and virtuous happiness rarely to be found in ment duty is 12,595 12s. In Wales there are ten England. How truly might it be said, in this inpapers in circulation, the highest of which averages stance, that music has been given us by our bountiSonly 1500 yer week. The circulation of the rest is ful Creator to assist in smoothing the path of human uncertain, sometimes rising to 10,000 per month, life-Bradford Observer. and sometimes falling to 100. The total yearly circulation is 88,000, and the advertisement duty is 3051. 18s. 6d. There are 25 papers circulated in Dublin, the yearly sale of which amounts to 3,366,406 papers, and the advertisement duty is 4,5997. 8s. There are 58 Irish country papers, the yearly circulation of which is 2,435,068, and 12,000 supplements. The advertisement duty amounts to 3,6861. 168.-Lit. Gaz.


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SEA OF ARAL.-Of the sea of Aral it is difficult to procure any particulars from a people so barbarous as the Kuzzauks, who alone are familiar with it. The water is too salt to be drunk by man or beast, excepting at the mouths of the rivers Oxus and Jaxartes. The water is shallow, but navigable by small craft. Its north-western shores are sometimes bounded by cliffs of chalk, marle, and shelllimestone, elevated about 200 feet above the level of the water. At the mouth of the Oxus are many islands, and near the centre of the sea is one of considerable extent.

The boats upon the sea of Aral are merely small fishing-craft, belonging to the Aral Oozbegs and Kara Kulpauks, dwelling on its coasts: they are few in number. The name of this sea is Dungiz-i-Kahaurism, or the sea of Kahaurism. The name Aral is never applied to it by Asiatics, and belongs to a tribe of Oozbegs dwelling near that sea.—Capt. Abbott's Khiva, etc.

MUSICAL DEVOTION.-Yorkshire, and the adjoining counties of Lancaster and Derby, are celebrated for a love of music: its spirit pervades every rank of the people in a manner unknown and unfelt in the rest of our island. And amongst those districts famed for musical taste and skill, Halifax stands pre-eminently forward. There, as perhaps nowhere else in England, may be found, at stated riods, the justice of the peace and the artisan side by side in the orchestra, practising together their divine art, and forgetting, for a time, the artificial distinctions set up in the world of men. In an esISTHMUS OF PANAMA.-In the French Chamber say entitled "A Village Oratorio," by George Ho- of Deputies, a short time since, M. Guizot, in angarth, justice has been done to the musicians of this swer to some observations throwing doubts upon part of Yorkshire. "Of these singers and players,' the practicability of the proposed works for piercing he says, speaking of choristers and instrumental the Isthmus of Panama, read the following letter performers, "very few are professional. Most of from the Baron de Humboldt to one of the heads of them are industrious tradespeople, cultivating music the parties interested in the proposed operation :-from love of the art, and making its practice their "I learn, with regret, that you are not further addearest recreation." As an instance of devotion to vanced in your important enterprise than you were the art, we may relate, that the Halifax Orchestral when I had last the pleasure of seeing you in Paris. Society consists of between thirty and forty mem- For the last twenty-five years, the project of a combers, most of whom reside five or six miles from the munication between the two seas, either by the town; and, for years past, it has seldom happened, Isthmus of Panama, by Lake Nicaragua, or by the even on the darkest and wildest night of winter, Isthmus of Capica, has been proposed, and topo that any one of its rustic members has been absent graphically debated; and yet no beginning has been from his post on the nights of rehearsal, which takes made. I should have thought that the British Emplace fortnightly. An officer of the society, a re-bassy would have found a means of inspiring conspectable tradesman residing in that town, had oc-fidence in the proposal to send a scientific man (an casion, some time ago, to visit a brother musician and a member of the society, who lives some miles from the town. His condition is humble, being a hand-loom weaver; his dwelling is of a character according with his condition, and is situate at Coldedge, an outlandish part of the parish of Halifax, bordering upon the moor of Saltonstall. To find

engineer) for the purpose of examining the valley which separates the two seas, through which the canal might be dug to the western side of the Port of Chagres. Be assured that those persons who use the authority of my name in support of the opinion that the two seas have different levels, do so only to excuse themselves from engaging in the enter

prise." The Minister also read an extract from a | Schmoum, or Ammon the generator, may be safely document addressed to the Academy of Sciences, applied to the other high mound, now called Koumby M. Warden, a distinguished American citizen, el-Dikke.-Lit. Gazette. long consul for that country in Paris:-"The cutting necessary to unite the two seas, by means of the three rivers, Vino-Tinto, Bernardino, and Farren, is but twelve and a half miles in length. The fall will be regulated by four double locks of 45 mètres long. The canal will be altogether 49 miles in extent, 43 mètres 50 centimètres wide at the surface, 17 mètres 50 centimètres at the bottom, and having a depth of 6 mètres 50 centimètres. It will be navigable for vessels of from 1,000 to 1,400 tous burthen. The rivers, in those portions of them where they have from 2 to 4 mètres of water, will serve for the canal, by deepening to 64 mètres; and the water will be maintained at that height by two guard-locks. All the materials necessary for the construction of the canal are found on the soil which it has to traverse; and the total cost has been estimated at 2,778,615 dollars, including the price of four steam-boats, and two iron bridges, 46 mètres long, and opening for the passage of ships."


ANIMAL SKELETONS.-It is stated that, during the week, several enormous skeletons of the mastadon, elephant, ox, elk, hyena, wolf, etc., have been dug up, about eighteen feet from the surface, near Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, all in a good state of preservation.-Lit. Gaz.

CAPTAIN HARRIS'S ABYSSINIAN EMBASSY.-Capt. W. C. Harris, of the Engineers, accompanied by the two Abyssinian ambassadors, who arrived last month in the Victoria, left Bombay in the Sesostris in charge of the presents sent for her most gracious majesty the Queen, through the late mission, of which he was the leader, at the court of Shioa. The various articles were for some time exposed in the council-chamber, and from their novelty and savage singularity attracted great admiration, although obviously the work of a people low in the scale of civilization. Although nothing of a political nature can transpire, the arrival in Bombay of the two Abyssinians, the first of their nation who have crossed the ocean boundary, would at least prove that the most friendly relations have been established with the monarch of Shoa, who, we understand, has whereof Captain Harris is likewise the bearer to been induced to conclude a treaty of commerce,

England. The extent of the zoological and botanical collection, the myrrh, the cotton, the seeds, and the splendid paintings lately exhibited, with the various rude manufactures of the countries visited, would prove that the enterprising party were not idle; and some of their accessions to geography, which have already appeared in print, may be expected to lead to very important results. We read with feelings of admiration, mingled with the proudest gratification, the fact, that upwards of seven thousand Christian slaves were liberated from galling bondage at the intercession of our countrymen, and are now blessing the name of the white man; that hundreds of doomed pagan captives, taken in the bloody forays, witnessed by the British embassy, were set at large; and that the members of the royal house of Shoa, and princes of the blood, whom a barbarous policy has, since the days of Solomon, doomed to chains and a living grave, have been liberated through the same influence-to the permanent abolition, we trust, of a system so revolting to humanity.-Bombay Times.

TOMB OF ALEXANDER.-A communication from Mr. J. L. Stoddart, now at Cairo, relates "to the probability of the real locality of the tomb of Alexander within the walls of Alexandria being still preserved in the tradition of the Mahometan inhabitants of that city. Amidst the mounds of rubbish,' says the writer, and by the corner of one of the many gardens or palm-groves, which occupy a large portion of the space within the Arab wall, there stands an insulated bath called Hammam Hatieh. It is said to be the oldest in the place. Near to it is a small square building of unfashioned stone, very rude, very humble. Within is a rustic chapel. In the wall facing the entrance was a kiblah, or EGYPTIAN EXPEDITION.-Referring to the interlong niche, which marks the direction of Mekka. esting particulars respecting the Lake and Labyrinth To the left, the chapel is separated by a coarse of Maris, contained in a letter from the spot (Lit. wooden rail from a hollow of nine or ten feet square, and five feet five inches below the rest of the cham- Gaz., No. 1383, pp. 480, 81,) we see it stated farther, on the authority of Dr. Lepsius, that "there ber and level of the soil. Seven steps lead to the bottom, where is a common Arab tomb of rough ma-of from 15 to 20 feet high; and the name of Maris are some hundreds of chambers standing, with walls sonry. To this spot, however mean and humble in has been frequently found amongst the inscriptions. its present state, the general tradition of the Arabs Dr. Lepsius says that the supposition of Manetho, has assigned the name of the tomb of Alexander; that this monarch belonged to the twelfth dynasty,

is confirmed.-Ibid.

and as such it is the common resort of the resident Arabs, who pay respect to him as a great sultan and the founder of their city.' Many of the principal points of the topography of Alexandria are already COMET. A Comet has been visible, we learn from well ascertained; such as the ancient port, now Manilla and Singapore, since the beginning of last called the New Port; and Eunostos, now the Old month, but during almost all which time the weather Port; and the Heptastadium. The Pharos is un- here has been so unsettled, and the sky so continualtered, and Cape Lochias is the point of the Pharil-ally overcast,that it was first beheld here on the night lon. The two obelisks near the old port belonged to the Sebastium or Cæsarium, as is evident from the words of Pliny, 'Duo obelisci sunt Alexandriæ in portu ad Cæsaris templum,' (1. 36, c. 9.) The temple of Serapis, said by Strabo to be in Rhacotis, was on the site of the fortress erected by the French, and named Caffarelli, on the lofty mound of earth which commands Port Eunostos. The spot is clearly pointed out by the words of Rufinus and Sozomen; and the Persian or Egyptian temple of Mendes

of the 28th. The comet itself is barely visible to the naked eye, but its tail is of great extent, say about forty degrees, and quite straight. At present it sets at about half-past ten in the south-west, and when first seen, disappeared soon after nightfall; it is probable, therefore, that it will remain visible a long while. We believe this to be a comet hitherto unknown. As may be supposed, the Chinese are in great consternation about it, believing that it forebodes evil.-Canton Press, April 1.

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ters-Luini, Pinturicchio, Correggio, Raphael and his school, Giulio Romano, B. Peruzzi, S. del PiNEW MERIDIAN INSTRUMENT OR SUN-DIAL.-On ombo, Primaticcio and others. Their number is a recent visit to Mr. Dent, chronometer maker, we forty-five; and Certosa near Pavia, the Monastery observed a small instrument on the mantle-piece, at Maggiore, the Library of Siena, the Camera di apparently a circular glass mirror about two inches St. Paolo at Parma, the Vatican, the Villa Madama in diameter, imbedded in a solid metallic frame, re- and Villa Lante and Farnesina Palace at Rome, and flecting the image of a lighted taper revolving on two palaces at Montova, supply the fruitful, the inthe opposite side of the room. Our curiosity was exhaustible subjects. It is not in our power to conexcited, naturally, and we inquired the object of vey an idea of the endless variety, elegance, beauthe experiment and the uses of the reflector. Mr. ty, and invention of these designs, which are suffiDent immediately placed us in a particular position, ciently colored by hand to afford a perfect idea of and we beheld two reflected images of the flame the originals. The harmony of these colors is exapproaching each other, coinciding and then reced-quisite, and the revelling of fancy in the forms ining, and so for each revolution of the taper. It was describable. It appears to us that suggestions for evident at once that here was a most simple and hundreds of book-ornaments, and patterns for that beautiful transitorial or meridian instrument. But purpose, for room-papering, for distemper embelwhat was its construction? merely such an arrange-lishments, and for many articles of furniture, such as ment of three reflecting planes, that they could be candelabra, stands, chimney-pieces, carpets, curused as one single and one double reflector, and in tains, &c., might be taken from these plates with such a manner that an observer may see two images admirable effect, and contribute to the wonderful of a distant object, when that object is near to an improvement of our most refined efforts in those imaginary plane passing through the instrument; lines of taste and luxurious expenditure. But above and by the coincidence of those images, the ob- all, at the period when we are proposing to adorn server may know when the distant object is in that our public buildings with works of the same kind, imaginary plane. The honor of this invention is the accomplishment of this rich treasure of what has due to James Mackenzie Bloxham, Esq., and to Mr. been done by the greatest genius the world ever Dent jointly;-to the former, in whose name the witnessed, is most apropos, and must be of inestipatent is to be enrolled, for the original suggestion mable value. We speak of it in terms of the high of the optical arrangement-and to the latter, who est panegyric that our language can compass, behas become the legal patentee, for experimenting, cause we are certain that its examination will discarrying out, and perfecting the instrument to its appoint no lover of what is superb and charming in present simple form, about one-fifth the size of the art. English descriptions are to accompany the practical perfect sun-dial. The optical principles publication, for which we certainly look with much involved in the invention, however, and its con- impatience, believing that nothing could be better struction and application, can only be understood calculated to inform the public mind upon an art so by an illustrated description, which, together with little understood by those who have not travelled a large woodcut of the full-sized instrument, through to the sites of these matchless decorations.--Ibid. the kindness of Mr. Dent, we hope to be enabled to give in our next number.- Literary Gazette.

DUVERNOY ON THE TEETH.-According to the
theory of M Duvernoy, the bulb, or soft core, is the
producing organ of each simple tooth, at least of its
principal dentary substance, or ivory, and impresses

on it its form and dimensions. This bulb is com-
posed of two distinct parts: the one, in immediate
relation with the blood-vessels and nerves, which
penetrate it, is a gland, the coats of which secrete
and turn into the cavity which it contains the na-
terials of the tubulous substance; it is at once the
preparing organ and the reservoir of these materi-
als; the other part of the bulb envelops the first,
and is the ground-work of the tubulous substance of
the tooth, which hardens, so that the capillary
tubes of which it is composed receive and absorb
the materials prepared by the secretory organ of the
bulb. The new work of M. Duvernoy is intended
to develop this doctrine, and to demonstrate it by
new preparations and new designs. The teeth of
shrew-mice, (he says,) because of the transparency
of their enamel and ivory, are peculiarly suitable for
the study of these relations.-Ibid.

FRESCOES.-At a time when fresco-painting is
likely to work a grand revolution in the arts of Eng-
land, we have been much interested and delighted
by the sight of a number of plates designed for the
illustration of a splendid folio work about to be pro-
duced by Mr. Lewis Gruner. They consist of fres-
co-decorations and stuccoes of churches and palaces
of Italy, during the triumphant reign of painting in
the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and are select-
ed from the principal performances of the great mas-

THE NELSON MONUMENT.-The workmen are again employed a-top of this column, placing there the bronze leaves and volutes of the capital, cast for that purpose at Woolwich. After they are fixed the statue will be raised: it is said to be nearly finished, and to consist of two great blocks of stone, now wrought upon under the direction of Mr. Baily, R. A.--Ibid.

DAGUERREOTYPE.-MM. Choiselat and Ratel think that in photography the accelerating substances only act by seizing on the iodine left bare by the action of the light, and the transformation of the iodine of silver into the subiodine. They have found by experiment that bodies deprived of sensibility in themselves greatly exalt the sensible layer, and especially carbon. Thus, by adding to bromine, employed as an accelerator, essential oils, naphtha, alcohol, &c., they have succeeded in obtaining pictures in two seconds. Their method of applying the accelerating vapor is very simple: they mix bromine and alcohol, for instance, in the proportion of 5 to 2; they draw with a small glass syringe about a demi-centilitre of the vapor which escapes from the mixture, and inject it into the box with the bromine the plate exposed to this vapor is cov ered again with it very uniformly and with great rapidity.-Ibid.

GALILEO.-M. Alberii announces, that among the MSS. of Galileo, collected for the edition which is being printed at Florence, have been found those relating to the satellites of Jupiter, and which works were thought to have been lost for two centuries.-Ibid.


NOAH WEBSTER, LL. D. May 27.-In New Haven, U. S., aged 85, Noah Webster, LL. D., author of the English Dictionary.

He was in the prime of life, and surrounded by a numerous family.

gether with a printing press, which have been extensively useful in the translation and circulation of the Sacred Scriptures, and other Christian publications, amongst the Chinese. Mr. Kidd became the principal of the college, and his labors must Dr. Webster has been a long time before the pub- have been great; at the time of his death he was lic as a prominent individual in the various depart-allowed to be the first Chinese scholar in this counments of society. He was born in West Hartford, try, and therefore eminently qualified for the seat Oct. 16, 1758, a descendant of John Webster, one of Professor of Chinese Language and Literature in of the first settlers of Hartford, who was a member the University of London, to which he was appointof the Colonial Council from its first formation, anded when the state of his health required his return subsequently Governor of Connecticut. Noah Web-to this country. His acquaintance with the literaster entered Yale College in 1774. In his junior ture of China comprehended a very wide range of years, in the time of Burgoyne's expedition from reading, and his position in University College, Canada, he volunteered his services under the com- which possesses a most valuable library in the lanmand of his father, who was captain in the Alarm guage of the celestial empire, appeared to be emiList. In that campaign, all the males of the fami- nently calculated for usefulness, now that our conly, four in number, were in the army at the same nections with the country are assuming a closer time. Notwithstanding this interruption in his stu- character. In 1841 he published a learned and indies, Webster graduated with high reputation in genious work, entitled "Illustrations of the Sym1778. During the summer of 1779, he resided in bols, &c., of China." the family of Mr., afterwards Chief Justice Ellsworth, at Hartford. He was admitted to the bar in 1781. Subsequently he engaged in the business of instruction, and, being strongly impressed with the DR. HAHNEMANN.-July 2-At Paris, aged 88, defects of such books as were then used in elemen- DR. HAHNEMANN, the founder of Homœopathy. tary schools, published in 1783, at Hartford, his Dr. Hahnemann, was born in 1755, at Meissen, "First part of a Grammatical Institute of the Eng-of poor parents, and owed his education to the great lish Grammar." The great success of this work, aptitude for learning he gave evidence of at the little and of others of the same class prepared by him, is school where he was first placed. He was received well known. His "Sketches of American Policy," doctor in physic at Heidelberg in 1781, and dispublished in 1784, his writings in favor of the adop-covered in 1790 the new system which he aftertion of the Federal Constitution, in defence of Wash- wards designated homeopathy. He continued unington's proclamation of neutrality, and of the trea- til 1820 his experiments and researches, and then ty negociated with Great Britain by Mr. Jay, had published the results of his labors, under the title great influence on public opinion, and were highly of Matière Medica le Pure. In 1829 he published his appreciated. Various other topics during the same Theory of Chronic Diseases, and their Remedies, of period were publicly discussed by him. In 1793, which he gave a second edition in 1840. To those he commenced a daily paper in New-York, which works must be added his Organon de l'Art de Guèis now called the Commercial Advertiser and New-rir, which ran through five editions. He also pubYork Spectator. Mr. Webster removed to Newlished nearly 200 dissertations on different medical Haven in 1798, and 1807 entered on the great busi-subjects; and he did all this whilst occupied with ness of his life, the compiling of a new and com- patients, which took up from ten to twelve hours a plete Dictionary of the English Language. This day. He had the satisfaction of seeing his system, work he prosecuted amidst various difficulties and after half a century's existence, spread over every discouragements, and published the first edition of part of the globe; and just before his death he learnit in 1828. In the preparation of this dictionary heed that homeopathy was about to have a chair at was led to investigate to a great extent the subject the University of Vienna, and hospitals in all the of etymology, and the relations of various languages Austrian States, at Berlin, and at London.-Gentleto each other. This dictionary has been more fa- man's Magazine. vorably received, than, as is believed, the author ever anticipated. His other publications are nu



America, in his 64th year, Mr. Washington Alldis-ston, Associate of the R. A., the most imaginative painter on that continent.

Dr. Webster had enjoyed remarkably vigorous health till within a few days of his death. His order soon took the form of pleurisy, and he gradually sank under the attack, till, in the full possession of his reason, he died with entire composure and resignation.-Gentleman's Magazine.

REV. SAMUEL KIDD, M. A.-June 12. At
den Town, of epilepsy, aged 42, the Rev. Samuel
Kidd, A. M., Professor of Oriental and Chinese
Literature at the University College, London.

Mr. Allston quitted England, and his works have Though nearly thirty years have elapsed since since but seldom appeared in our exhibition rooms, we have not forgotten some which remain in our principal collections: the Egremont, Jacob's Dream, Cam-and Elisha; Mr. Labouchere's Elijah in the Desert; and the Stafford Uriel. We have heard those curious in pedigree point to Mr. Allston as the first in that gorgeous style of perspective painting, which Martin and Danby have so richly adorned. A still elder artist, however, might be named, Paul Brill. Mr. Allston occupied himself with other graceful pursuits besides his own art. A volume of poems was published during his residence in England, and it is but a year or two since that we reported on his Monaldi, an Italian romance of considerable power.

The suburbs of Hull had the honor of giving birth to this eminent student, who at an early age exhibited extraordinary powers for the acquisition of language, and a not less tenacious memory for literature in general, to which he was remarkably attached. These qualifications, joined to an ardent love of the gospel, recommended him to the notice of the London Missionary Society, and he was appointed to the important post of Malacca, where the society established an Anglo-Chinese College, to

He married a sister of Dr. Channing, whom he survived several years.—Athenæum.


Great Britain.

translation of the Pilgrim's Progress' into more than twenty languages. An event in a still greater cycle of dispensations, like the banishment of the Turk-puritans to America, had a meaning which we are circumstances like those which threw the key of now only beginning to comprehend. And lastly, the Mediterranean into the possession of a Protestant power, did the same with Malta-the bridge between the Oriental and the Occidental world-and, finally, opened one of the antique gates of Christen dom to the same nation, can only be understood when those future events have begun to march by succession, for which those previous steps of God's providence are so evidently taken."-Ainsworth's Magazine.

2.-History of the Westminster Assembly of Divines. By the Rev. W. M. Hetherington. Edinburgh : Johnstone.

1.-Claims of the Christian Aborigines of the ish or Osmanli Empire. By W. F. Ainsworth, F. G. S. &c. Cunningham & Mortimer. THE extent of the information, and the interest of the claims advocated in these pages are singularly disproportioned to the small size and low price of the work. The subject-the claims of the Christian Aborigines of the Turkish empire upon civilized nations-falls properly into the literary care of Mr. Ains-in worth, who, it may be remembered, had in charge the late expedition to the Chaldean Christians, from the Christian Knowledge Society. His object is to promote the interests, both spiritual and temporal, of a prostrate and often wronged and suffering people; and it appears that he purposes to devote some monthly effort, in a separate publication, to that philanthropic, though we fear not readily attainable Though Mr. Hetherington's is an extremely onepurpose. His present view of the subject includes sided account of the proceedings of this memorable three divisions, and he severally treats of the claims Assembly, it may be of use to many students of of the aborigines, the existing condition and pros- English Ecclesiastical History from its brevity. Its pects of the Osmanli empire, and the aspect and errors and partialities will probably be pointed out position of the missionary enterprise in Western in some of the religious periodicals under the immeAsia. It may be proper to remind the reader, as diate influence of the Independents or Congregathe first step to awaken his interest, that the only tionalists;-and this is required. Instead, thereright possessed by the Osmanli Turks to the rich fore, of meddling with the controversy as between and great countries (for the most part, Christian, the Presbyterians and Independents in the Assembly formerly) over which they rule, is that of conquest. or yet with the Erastian Controversy, we should, They rose to power within the country, but they at the present moment, prefer as a sample of the are not the aborigines of it. Mr. Ainsworth shows, History, the disputes concerning priests' vestments, we think, by bringing extensive reading and close and those other frivolities and fopperies which have argument to his aid, that there are many considera- come into vogue of late, and with more blame and tions affecting the welfare of these people which absurdity that in past times, as this superstitious non deserve to be entertained; and he forcibly advances sense is revived in an age claiming to be much more the suggestion which was once laid before parlia-enlightened than the sixteenth century. From rement, of the necessity of giving protection to our cent appearances, one might conclude that the Protestant brethren in the East. The French have Bishop of London would not be very loth to see long since taken under their protection the Roman the whole clergy of London summoned, as of old, Catholics of Turkey. But of course nothing in the to Lambeth, and compelled to assume the sacerdoway of permanent security and advancement could tal costume prescribed for them, or forfeit their liv be effected, but by all sects and classes of Christians ings, which thirty-seven out of a hundred ministers in the East making common cause, and exhibiting then did. This arbitrary order, however, was al in practice the brotherhood which should be the leged to be issued to enforce the great duty of conbond of their faith. Our zealous advocate perceives formity, and not from any intrinsic importance conin the establishment of Protestant sees in the Med-nected with the mere vestments and frivolous rites. iterranean and at Jerusalem, a circumstance which Both objects may now be contemplated by the Putends strongly to increase confidence in the proxi- seyite clergy.-Tait's Magazine. mate regeneration of the East. That he himself

has enthusiasm, as well as confidence, is seen in a

passage of considerable power, which we here sub-3.-The Universal Kingdom: a Sermon preached at

join :

"As it has been said that there are stars so distant, though their light has been travelling towards us ever since the creation, it has never yet reached us, so there are meanings in God's dispensations, a light in events long past, which, through our imperfection of moral vision, or the thick medium through which we have to judge, may not yet have broken upon us, and may not, indeed, till far in the bosom of eternity. The meaning of the brazen serpent in the wilderness was not seen till the Son of man was lifted up on the cross; the purpose of David's education as a shepherd was not read till the publication of the Book of Psalms. There was a meaning in that three years' drought and famine in the time of Elijah, in the reign of Ahab, in the land of Judea, not known even to the church of God till the general epistle of James, after the crucifixion of our Saviour. An event like that of Bunyan s imprisonment for thirteen years had a meaning that could not be seen by that generation, indeed is but beginning to be known now, after the

the request of the Protestant Association of London, May 4, 1843. By the Rev. G. Croly, LL. D. Pp. 27. Duncan & Malcolm.

We seldom venture to offer opinions upon single sermons, and preached for peculiar occasions; but the eloquence of this discourse pleads for an exemp tion from our rule. The enthusiastic view which Dr. Croly, years ago, took of the fulfilment of the prophecies, in endeavoring to put his finger upon their development to the present epoch, and thence deducing their farther completion at calculated periods, prepared him for not only an animated but a profound sermon when called on to perform this duty. There is consequently a grandeur and comprehensiveness in his ideas which lead the hearer and the reader along with his impressive style; and were we to put all question of religion out of sight, we would advise men of every variety of faith to peruse this splendid apotheosis (if we may say so) of the expected universal kingdom, were it only for the sake of its beauties as a composition.-Literary Gazette.

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