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“For the moment I was not perceived; but and, catching hold of a branch within reach, I the natives soon got sight of me, and a volley of clambered up. The natives who were watchspears around me, one of which struck me in ing my motions, renewed their shouts and yelle the back, but dropped out again, proclaimed at this manœuvre, and rushed towards the tree that they were in chase. I kept on running as in a body. long as I could towards a tree that was in the " I scrambled as fast as I could to the fork of middle of the little plain over which I was pass-the tree, and found to my infinite relief that my ing, intending to make that my fighting place, anticipation was right; there was a hollow large by setting my back to it, and so to protect my enough to admit my whole body, and effectualsell in the rear.
ly to shield me from the spears of the savages, “ The spears flew around me and near me, As my foot reached the bottom, it encountered but I reached the tree, and instantly turning some soft body, which I quickly learnt was an round, I fired among the advancing natives. opossum, the owner of the habitation, which asThis checked them, for they were now becom. serted its rights by a sharp attack on the calf of ing afraid of my formidable weapon, and seeing my leg with teeth and claws; I was not in a that I stood resolute and prepared for them, they humor to argue the matter with my new assailretreated to some distance; but they continued ant, 50 with my thick bush shoes I trampled the to throw some spears, most of which fell short, creature down into a jelly, though it left its reand kept up a shouting and yelling in a frighe- membrances on my torn Hesh, which smarted ful manner, capering and dancing about in a not a little. When I recovered my breath, I sort of frenzy, -ferociolis to get at me, but kept listened to ascertain the motions of my enemies ai bay by my terrible gun.
outside. - My blood was now up! I was excited to a " They had ceased their yells, and there was pitch of joyful exultation by my escape from the a dead silence, so that I could hear my own burning hut, and I felt that courage of excite- quick breathing within the trunk of the tree. ment which almost prompted me to rush on niy . What are they about ?' thought I. While I enemies, and to bring the matter to an issue by mentioned ejaculately this thought, I felt an agia bodily conflict with my broadsword. Bui pru- tation of the tree, from which I guessed that dence prevailed ; and I placed my hope and my some venturous savage was climbing up to attack dependence on my trusty gun, which had al-me in my retreat. I cautiously raised myself ready done me such good service.
up to look around me, but the appearance of my * T'aking advantage of the temporary inaction hat above the hole was the signal for half-aof the natives, I felt for my powder-horn, to re- dozen spears, three of which passed through it, load the barrel which I had discharged. To my one of them grazing the scalp of my head. unspeakable horror and disappoinment it was “That plan will not do, thought l; 'I must missing! I searched every pocket in vain! I keep close.' had laid it on the table in the hut, and there I “As I crouched myself down, I thought I had left it! To recover it was impossible, as heard a breathing above me. I looked up, and the hut was all in Aames, and while I gazed on behold the hideous visage of one of the savages the burning mass, a dull report and a burst of glaring on me with his white eyeballs, which exsparks from the building made known to me that hibited a ferocious sort of exultation. He had the powder had become ignited, and was lost to his waddie in his hand, which he slowly raised me for ever!
to give me a pat on the head, thinking that he * In my agony of mind at this discovery, my had me quite safe, like an opossum in his hole. hair seemed to bristle up; and the sweat ran 'You're inistaken, my heauty,' thought I ; 'I'm down my forehead and obscured my sight! 1 not done for yet.? Drawing out one of my pisnow felt that nothing but a miracle could save tols from my pocket, which was rather a matter me: but the love of life increasing in proportion of difficulty in my confined position, I fired. to the danger of losing it, I once more summon- The ball crashed through his face and skull, ed up my faiting energies for a last effort. I had and I heard his dead body fall heavily to the three barrels loaded ; one in my fowling-piece ground. and two in my pistols ; I had also my broad- “ A yell of fear and rage arose from his black stvord, but that would not avail me against their companions. I took advantage of the opporspears.
tuniiy, and raised myself up so as to look about “If I could hold out till night, I thought I me, but their threatening spears soon drove me might be able then to elude my savage enemies, back to my retreat. There was now anothe as the natives have a fear of moving about ai pause and a dead silence; and I Hattered mynight, believing that in the darkness an evil self with the hope that the savages, having been spirit roams about, seeking to do them mischiel, so frequently baffled, and having suffered so and who then has power over them. Casting much in their attacks, would now retire. But my eyes upwards to the branches of the tree un- the death and the wounds of their comrades, it der which I was standing, I observed that it appears, only whetted their rage, and stimulated was easy 10 climb, and there appeared to me in them to fresh endeavors; and the cunning de. dicatious of a hollow in the trunk between the vices of that devilish savage Musqueeto were principal branches, which might serve me for a turned in a new and more fatal direction. place of shelter till the night should enable me, “As I lay in my retreat, I heard a sound as if under the cover of its darkness, to escape from heavy materials were being dragged towards my pursuers.
the tree. I ventured to peep out, and beheld the "I formed my plan on the instant, and with savages busy in piling dead wood round the out losing a moment I slung my gun behind me, I trunk, with the intention as I immediately surmy hole.
BY MISS PARDOE,
mised, of setting fire to it, and of burning me in
DEATH. “My conjectures were presently verified. ] saw emerging from the wood one of their fe- Tuis is a world of care, males, bearing the lighted fire-sticks which the
And many thorps upon its pathway lie; natives always carry with them in their jour- Weep not, then, mothers, for your fond and fairneys. I looked on these preparations as a ne
Let the young die ! glected but not indifferent spectator, the natives disregarding my appearance above the opening, Joys are like summer flowers,
And soon the blossoms of their beauty fall; and waiting with a sort of savage patience for
Clouds gloom o'er both ; brief are of both the hoursthe sure destruction which they were preparing
Death ends them all! for me.
"The native women approached with the fire. This is a world of strife, and the natives, forming a circle round the tree,
Of feverisb struggles, and satiety, performed a dance of death as a prelude to my And blighted enterprise--what then is life? sacrifice. I was tempted to fire on them; but I
Let the strong die ! did not like to part with my last two shots, ex- All human love is vain, cept in an extremity even greater than this. And human might is but an empty sound;
* In the meantime the natives continued their Power both of mind and body bringeth paindance, seeming to enjoy the interval between
Death is its bound ! me and death, like the epicure who delays his al- This is a world of wo, tack on the delicious feast before him, that he
Of heaviness, and of anxiety; may the longer enjoy the exciting pleasure of Why cling we then to evils that we know? anticipation. Presently, however, their death
Let the old die ! song broke out into loud cries of fury; they ap- Wrestlings with fell disease, plied the fire to the faggots, and as ihe blaže in
Vain lamentations o'er departed years ; creased, they danced and yelled around the tree is not age rife with these ? in a complete delirium of rage and exultation.
Death dries all tears! 6 The fire burned up !-the smoke ascended! I already felt the horrid sensation of being stilled This is a world of pain ;
There is a by the thick atmosphere of smoke before the
“ betier land" beyond the sky; flames encompassed me. In this extremity: 1
A humble spirit may that portion gaindetermined, at least, to inflict some vengeance
Let the just die ! on my savage persecutors.
But let those shrink with dread, “I scrambled up from my hiding-place, and
Whose days have been of evil, lest they find, crawled as far as I could on one of the branches When all their earthly hopes are withered, which was most free from the suffocating smoke
Despair behind! and heat, and fired the remaining barrel of my Let them implore for aid, fowling-piece at the yelling wretches, which 1 A fitter record of their years to give ; then hurled at their heads. I did the same with And lean on Him who mercifully bade my remaining pistol, when, to my amazement,
The sinner live! I heard the reports of other guns; but whether they were the echoes of my own, or that my fail. ing senses deceived me, I know not, for the
Calico Printing.- Great as have been the imsmoke and flames now mastered me. Stifled provements in this branch of the cotton trade, there and scorched, I remember only falling from the is every probability of still greater ones taking branch of the tree, which was not high, to the place, and which appear calculated to produce à
complete revolution of the present system. There ground, when my senses left me. "I was roused from my trance of death by The first, which claims priority of notice from its
are iwo methods by which it is sought to be done. copious deluges of water, and I heard a voice great novelty, is that which is termed the galvanic which was familiar to me exclaiming-666 Well, if this is not enough to disgust a man secret are pleased to aver, is accomplished some
process; and which those who profess to be in the with this horrid country, I don't know what he thing after the following fashion :-Let it be supwould have more! For years and years I have posed, then, that a piece of calico has to be printed been preaching to him that nothing good could by this process. This is done by machine and rollcome of this wretched den of bush-rangers and er, in the ordinary way, but on which roller is natives, and now, you see, the evil is come al placed or fixed (not engraven) a pattern composed last!
of various metals, as iron, tin, brass, zinc, &c. This "I opened my eyes at these words. It was premised, the roller now passes through an acid the voice of Crabb, whom heaven had directed | (its composition a secret,) and coming in contact with a party of friends to this spot to deliver me! with the cloth, imparts thercon the desired pattern, Overcome with the intensity of my emotions say black, blue, green, red, &c.; and on the piece racked with pain, and sick from the very fulness passing through the machine, and being then quick
İy dried, the work is perfect without being subject of joy at my escape from deathi, I uttered a
to any other process. The other method, and which piercing cry of mingled pain and delight, and has been successfully tried, is that of laying on the fainted !"
colors (supposed mineral ones) in oil. This is also effected by machine and roller, but with an engraved pattern. "The colors, by either of the processes, will, it is said, be fast ones--a most important desideralum.- Manchester Herald.
THE ARISTOCRACY OF HAWAII.
As the past condition of these islands is From Tait's Magazine.
less familiar to ordinary readers than their History of the Sandwich Islands. By James history, since the Missionaries have labored
to civilize and Christianize them, we shall Jackson Jarves. London : Moxon.
select our few samples of this work from Is it be true that the Sandwich Islands the description of the earlier period. have been taken formal possession of in the name of the Queen of Great Britain, this history of our newest colony appears No regular police existed. The immediate opportunely. But independently of this attendants of the chiefs executed their orders. circumstance, the work' is one that was These attendants were numerous, every person wanted, and, moreover, one which fairly, if of rank being supplied according to his grade. not faultlessly, supplies the want felt. The always remained privileged idlers about the
A certain number were bosom friends, who author appears to be an American, who, persons of their lords, having no voice in politipartly "in pursuit of health and recreation," cal affairs; the others held different offices in the visited the Sandwich Islands in 1837, and household, more or less menial, and constituted remained for some years. He became the a permanent establishment. The principal of editor of The Polynesian, a weekly news- these were “ pipe lighters," paper, published at Honolu; which voca-cooks," &c. All ate, drank, and slept in com
“kahili bearers," "purloiners,".
" tion brought him into intimate relations with the chiefs and natives, and enlarged These retinues were formed immediately his opportunities of acquiring the materials upon the birth of a chief of either sex, and each which he has turned to good account in this was designated by some peculiar title, generally bistory. He went with a strong prejudice of a whimsical character--as "the fragments, against his countrymen, the missionaries, the children devolved upon “ kahus," or nurses,
umbrellas," &c. The care of and imagining the natives, (the Hawaiians,) who assumed the sole direction, until the child though improved in morals, a priest-ridden was capable of exercising its own will; a period people. In the course of a four years' resi- which, as no contradiction to its caprices was dence he completely changed this opinion. allowed, soon arrived. Much of the curious information which he Rank was hereditary, and descended chiefly obtained respecting the history, manners, of government in their own right. This custom
from the females, who frequently held the reins religion, and traditions of the islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago has been derived the sexes; no child, with certainty, being able
originated in the great license existing between 'from the missionaries, and especially from to designate his father, while no mistake could those of them who were schoolmasters. A be made in regard to the mother. history written in the native language by Three distinct orders of nobles existed. The the pupils of what is called the High School first embraced the kings, queens, and all at Lahaioaluna has been translated by a late branches of the royal family. It also included American missionary, and
has been drawn serior birth. Governors, or chiefs of large dis
the chief advisers or counsellors, though of inupon for materials. The Tour of the Rev. tricts
, were included in the second ; and the Mr. Ellis, and the Missionary Records, have third'embraced the lords of villages, priests, and also furnished much useful information. those who held estates, by payment of regular The volume displays no fact more clearly taxes, which were raised by their own dependthan the extreme jealousy which the Ameri- ents, or those to whom they had farmed out
lands. caos feel of British interference with these islands, or with what they seem to assume ularly to priests and chiels of the highest rank.
Servile homage was paid to superiors, particas their superior claims. The Oregon Their persons could not be touched, or their Territory, according to Mr. Jarves, would houses entered, without permission. ill compensate for the loss of the Sandwich Among the chiefs a considerable degree of Islands, and next to occupying them, the courtesy prevailed, and a difference of language United States Government, or many of the and demeanor, which betokened conscious rank. citizens, would wish to see their independ of the aristocracy more strongly characterized.
Perhaps in no other point was the exclusiveness ence guaranteed., There are more natives In every department of life a distinction was of the United States at present in the Sand- made, as if contact with the people by touch, use wich Islands than of all other foreigners of the same articles, houses, food, or bathing put together. Next to Yankees in number places, would produce contamination. From are the Chinese. The native population such rules and deportment. so great a physical shows a tendency to decrease, and has de- difference arose, that many superficial observers creased considerably within the last twenty formed a conventional dialect
, understood only
considered the two as distinct races. The chiefs years, though the rate of mortality is less among themselves; in it novel words were inwithin the last few years.
corporated or formed, which, if they came to be
understood by the common orders, were imme- they bathed in the red surge of the fiery billows, diately discarded, and others substituted. To- as it dashed against the sides of the crater. wards the common people their conduct was of the most oppressive character. No respect to
The overthrow of the goddess, which we their persons or property was shown. Their do not find noticed in this volume, forms a only security was to avoid their presence. To remarkable event in the Missionary annals. use the expressive language of their descendants, There was no limit to the number of sub" their restrictions were like the poisoned tooth ordinate gods in the Sandwich Islands. of a reptile.” If a common man made use of The power of the priests, there as every any consecrated property belonging to a chief; or if a man walked in the shade of the house of where, was maintained by the severity of a chief, with his head besmeared with clay, or their rule, and by the systematic prostrawith a wreath about it, with it wet, or wearing tion of the understanding of their followa kihei—a kapa mantlé-or violated any one of ers; though, like other priests, they knew numerous other regulations, equally whimsical human nature too well not to permit a Car. and absurd, he lost his life. At sea, if their ca- nival to relieve the gloom and severities of noes interrupted their progress, they were over the season of Lent. Human victims were turned; on land, if the shadow of an individual sacrificed to the idols, and were often selectsell upon the king, or he did not prostrate him self when any thing was carried to or from his ed from such individuals as made themselves majesty, the punishment was death. This was obnoxious to the priests. The priests held likewise the case, should any one place his hand in their own hands much of the land, and upon his head, or be found in a more elevated taxed the whole of it; and, like the nobles position. The laws of etiquette were of the of England, their rank was hereditary. most varied nature, dependent greatly upon the caprices of the prince. Justice, or humanity,
The power of the priest, though it partook were utterly set aside, though, as before re- more of a religious character, was scarcely inmarked, the personal disposition of the sovereign ferior to that of the chiefs. Their persons were greatly affected the whole system of govern- sacred, from their supposed familiarity with the ment. Bui the humane character of the few was gods. It sometimes happened that a chief took but a slight relief from the cruel and capricious the sacred offices upon himself
, though, perhaps, desires of the many. Priestcraft lent all its ad- from the nature of the intimate connexion existventitious aids to support this system, from ing between the two orders, the absolute power, which it derived its own existence. So that but both in politics and religion, centered in the head two classes really existed, the oppressor and of the state.
One fact is oppressed--those who labored and those who everywhere apparent: the spiritual, like the reaped.
temporal lords of the people, amid all their va
garies, never neglected their own interests. Ordeals were employed by the priests, Every ceremony or superstition was framed to and sorcery, witchcraft, and divination aid their already overgrown power; humanity, were among their arts. A peculiar super- or a regard for the rights of their interiors, would stition,“ praying to death,” appears to have have been received as monstrous deviations from had as strong a hold over the imaginations
the true policy of government. Perhaps they of the natives, as the Obi has over the Afri- expected from a privileged order, nursed in self
governed no more harshly than could have been cans. “No spirit of benevolence pervadedishness and brutality. their religion." How uniformly does this hold of every Heathen superstition !
Like the priests of some Christian coun
tries, those of Hawaii possessed many imSavage rites and blood-loving deities, a cruel munities and privileges. priesthood and rapacious governments, inhuman faiths and absurd superstitions, were the burdens priests, were required at definite periods, as at
Offerings to the gods, or more properly to the which the people were required to believe and all religious ceremonies, and on all occasions sustain. From the perusal of the stories of this when the people desired their services. The dark era, as gathered from their own lips, it wants of the priesthood regulated the amount; would seem as if human depravity had reached and when the regular taxes failed in supplying its limits, and that the people must have gradu- their desires, the wishes of the god were called ally wasted away, like a mass of corruption, or into requisition, and the coveted articles tabuer! have boldly cast off the slough with which they for his use. were enveloped.
Orisons, chants, and offerings, were
made by the priests at their meals. Even in the Yet these people had some confused idea remarkable privileges. When hogs were re
Yet these people had some confused idea care of their fowls and quadrupeds, they enjoyed of a future state of rewards and punish-ceived alive, they were dedicated to the god of ments. The goddess Pele, their principal the order, received his marks, and were turned Deity, was supposed to live in the famous loose, to fatten upon the plantations of the poor volcano of Kilanea.
cultivators; no one daring openly to injure or
drive away the sacred animals. Here, with her attendant spirits, she revelled in the flames; the unearthly noises of the burn
How many common features does the ing mass were the music of their dance, and history of every human tribe present !
The taboo, or tabu, as we find the word evening at the heiau, during the former. But spelled here, is a very singular feature when the season of strict tabu was in force, a among the social institutions of all the general gloom and silence pervaded the whole Islanders of the South Seas. From its ob
district or island. Not a fire or light was to be vious utility, an improved or modified form mouths of dogs were tied up, and fowls put under
seen, or canoe launched; none bathed; the of the taboo is still preserved in communi. calabashes, or their heads enveloped in cloth; ties now professing Christianity.
for no noise of man or animal must be heard. Formerly it was applied exclusively to per
No persons, excepting those who officiated at sons or things in a sacred sense, and was strictly the temple, were allowed to leave the shelter of a religious ceremony, imposed only by the their roofs. Were but one of these rules broken, priests; but has since come into common use in the tabu would fail, and the gods be displeased. all the every-day concerns of life. Anciently,
When the sacred chiefs appeared in public, all those chiefs who pretended to derive their de the common people prostrated themselves, with scent from the gods, were called alii kapu, their faces upon the earth. The food of chiefs sacred chiefs. A temple, exclusively devoted to and priests, they being interdicted from handling the abode and worship of gods, was said to be any thing during this tabu, was put into their wahi kapu-sacred place. Any thing dedicated mouths by their attendants. or reserved for the exclusive use of gods, chiefs, or priests, was cons ered as kapu for them. At Hawaii there were two cities of Certain lands and islands were kapu, as well as refuge, where criminals, or those in danger hunting-grounds, fish, fruit, or whatever the of falling victims to revenge, found a sancsacred classes chose to reserve for themselves. tuary. The breed—ihe large, well-fed and These kapıls were occasional, or permanent-- lazy aristocratic race, and the stunted, particular fruits, fish, and vegetables, being sometimes tabu both from men and women, for meagre, lower order-were as distinctly several successive months. The idols, temples, marked as they are among the natives of persons, and names of their kings, and members the Hebrides, or among the unmixed Irish. of the royal family; persons and property of the The chiefs, as among the Higlanders, priests; every thing appertaining to the gods ; religious devotees; the chiefs' bathing-places,
Were almost invariably tall, stout, and wellor favorite springs of water; and every thing formed, and in most instances, as age advanced, offered in sacrifice, were strictly kapu. In mod increased to unwieldy corpulence; the latter ern times, this magic term has become the were, upon the average, middle-sized, perhaps properly of all. A common man can tabu his falling somewhat short of the European standhouse. Iands, or make any partial restrictions, ard. Six feet and upwards were common to the and all would respect the prohibition. Any for-stature of the chiefs of both sexes, with gigantic bidden article or action, is called tabued; hence, frames more capable of exerting great strength its common use in the domestie circle, and its than of endurance. It is said of some that they application to laws. A captain can tabu his could, by taking a man by the head and leg, ship, and none dare approach. Tabued
break his back across their knees. While some
property is generally marked by small white flags, exhibited persons so perfect, with Roman feaor other signs which are well understood. At tures, and with such full developmentof muscle, the present time, any individual can impose as to have delighted the eye of a sculptor, others such tabu as suits his necessities or convenience, were remarkable for their size and weight alone; provided they do not infringe personal rights or from three to four hundred pounds being not an ihe laws of the kingdom.
uncommon gravity. The female chiefs, when Formerly, a religious motive was necessary young, possessed interesting and intelligent for its assignment; but as the power of the features, which, however, soon became lost, as chiefs increased, its use was greatly corrupted, their bulk increased; this, fortunately, in the while its influence remained the same, and may eyes of their lords, only heightened their charms. he said to have partaken of the preternatural. When these were most matured, they became The bank of the Romish church, in the proudest almost as helpless as the belles of the Celestial days of that hierarchy, were not more powerful empire. The latter tottered from want of feer of or obligatory. Every will of a chiet, however sufficient size to support frames of scarcely monstrous, was promulgated as a tabu, and larger proportions; those of the former, though officers were appointed to see that it was ob- stout, were equally feeble to sustain the imserved.
mense bulk above. Their flesh hung in deep Particular seasons were tabu; as on the sick- folds about them; their walk, a majestic stagger; bess of a high chief, preparations for war, or the their carriage lofty, and betokening an innate approach of important religious ceremonies. pride of birth and rank. No aristocracy was Their duration was indefinite, sometimes for a
ever more distinctly marked by nature. To a day only. then for months, and occasionally for superficial observer, they might have appeared years. Thirty to forty days, was the prdinary of the good gifts of Providence, with the greater
The monopoly they enjoyed period before Kamehameha's reign, when they were much reduced.
exercise of their mental faculties, (for they did These tal were either common or strict, most of the thinking for the people,) served, and were proclaimed by criers or heralds. Men every generation, to increase the distinction beonly were required to abstain from their conmon tween the two classes. The great personal pursuits, and to attend prayers morning and size was doubtless partly inherited, and partly