« 上一頁繼續 »
as a consequence, that they who asserted
THE LAST FRIENDS. ihe only foundation of knowledge to be sensation, should maintain the only foundation One of the United Irish men, who lately returned to his coun. of virtue to be the desire of pleasure. Both try, after many years of exile, being asked what had induced him
to revisit Ireland when all his friends were gone, answered, “I falsehoods refuted, with the noblest elo. came back to soe the mountains.” quence and the most exquisite art, the stu- I COME to my country, but not with the hope dent passes to other dialogues, not less
That brightened my youth like the cloud-lighting beautiful, the Phado' and Philebus :'
bow, and finds himself on the very threshold of For the vigor of soul that seemed mighty to cope
With Time and with Fortune, bath fled from me those great practical structures of Plato's philosophy, which he will yet enter to little And Love, that illumined my wanderings of yore, purpose, if he has not disciplined himself Hath perished, and left but a weary regret by all this previous investigation, to be For the star that can rise on my midnight no ready to conform his will to objective laws
But the hills of my country they welcome me of action, which shall be to him the mea
yet! sure of virtue; and his reason to objective forms of belief, which shall be to him all. The hue of their verdure was fresh with me still, powerful truths, real, absolute, existing. When my path was afar by the Tunais' lone
track; But at this point we rest for the present: From the wide-spreading deserts and ruins, that in the hope that on a future occasion the
fill reader will not be unwilling to enter with The lands of old story, they summoned me back;
They rose on my dreams through the shades of the
bestBut I knew that the mountains would welcome
DUELLING.–Our attention has been directed 10 The dust of my kindred is scattered afar, an announcement in the Standard, from which we They lie in the desert, the wild, and the wave, learn that a step has at length been taken in the For serving the strangers through wandering and only effectual direction for the suppression of that one of the chivalric institutions which has baunted The isle of their memory could grant thern no the field of modern society with most pertinacity
grave. and least argument; - a rude, barbaric figure, And I, I reiurn with the memory of years, stripped by centuries of all the costumes and ac- Whose hope rose so high though in sorrow it cessories which made it picturesque, or gracious, ør valuable, and looking monstrous amid the lights They have left on my soul but the trace of their and forms of advanced civilization. An Associa
tearstion has been got up for the extermination of Duel- But our mountains remember their promises yet! ling-composed of members influential in the precise classes within wbich, and for whose benefit, Oh, where are the brave hearts that bounded of the murderous nuisance was snpposed more espe
old, cially to act. It consists of 326 members, of whom And where are the faces my childhood hath 34 are noblemen and their sons, 15 are baronets,
seen ? and 16 members of the Lower House. What is For fair brows are surrowed, and hearts have grown more important still, the army and navy, hitherto
cold, the head-quarters of conventionalism, furnish a But our streams are still bright and our hills are large contingent to this demonstration. In its ranks are 30 admirals and generals, 23 colonels and lieu. Aye, green as they rose to the eyes of my youth, tenant-colonels, 44 captains and 24 lieutenants in When brothers in heart in their shadows we the navy; and of the army, 17 majors and 26 cap.
met ; tains. The bar furnishes a detachment of 24 : and And the hills have no memory of sorrow or death the association denounces the unmeaning modern For their summits are sacred to liberty yet ! *** wager of battle” as sinful, irrational, and contrary to the laws of God and man; and pledges itself to Like ocean retiring, the morning mists now discountenance the same by its example and all its Roll back from the mountains that girdle our influence. An institution, attacked by every other species of argument, and sustained against them all And sunlight encircles each heath-covered brow only by opinion, was to be successfully assailed by For which Time hath no furrow and tyrants no opinion alone; and this measure at once knocks
brand : away the sole stay which held the ugly figure Oh, thus let it be with the hearts of the isle, against the pressure of modern sense and modern Eflace the dark seal that oppression hath set; arrangements.-Athenæum, 8th July.
Give back the lost glory again to the soil,
MAGIC AND MESMERISM, second-sight, and second-hearing, though
extinct for generations, was an exclusive
attribute of the Scottish Highlanders, and A Tale. In 3 volumes. Saunders and Ot-chiefly of the Hebrideans; and, conseley.
quently, that modern clairvoyance is, in MESMERISM, and Phreno-Mesmerism, scem Scotland, but a recovered faculty. Scotthe prevailing popular frenzy of the hour. land, also, hias a prior claim to “The The epidemic is, we presume, on the de- Tongues," though there were powerful cline in America, where it broke out fierce." manifestations” both in London and Oxly about four years back; but it has had a ford. The only remarkable ditlerence is, powerful revival in France, where the be that science now pretends to explain the lief in Mesmerism has languished on for phenomena which formerly were said to sixty years; while in Britain, in every be produced by supernatural influence, or town, village, and hamlet, adepts of both the agency of the Devil. Clairroyance is, sexes, professional and amateur, are mes. we understand, at present as fashionable in merizing, and being mesmerized, hypno. Paris as ever was fortune-telling in the tizing, or being hypnotized ; lecturing (for palmy days of Le Normand; and clairvoymoney) and exhibiting, in illustration of ance, we prophesy, will get fast ahead at their lectures, the varied phenomena of home; while, instead of the magistrate Animal Magnetism, from the simple rigidity sending the prophetesses to Bride well as of a finger or a limb up to the highest cheats and impostors, they are petted and achievements of phreno-magnetism, ex. well-paid by the ladies, and every encouragetatic delirium, and clairvoyance. Tailors, ment afforded to keep up the deception, hand-loom weavers, sempstresses, and fe and attain greater proficiency in their art.males of no ostensible calling, are all (for We therefore apprehend that any thing we money) exhibiting the Mesmeric phe have witnessed in clairvoyance will be utnomena in various degrees of perfection, terly eclipsed by what is to come here: to select private circles-consisting of la- after, if proper encouragement be given. dies, idlers, and men of science; while the We have heard of a female whom a Frenchless profoundly initiated, or the less enter- man, her mesmerizer, for a length of time prising, are content to perform before thin exhibited at private parties in Boston, at or crowded audiences, as it may happen, twelve dollars for each exhibition, whose and generally at very moderate rates. The doings take the shine completely out of all first crop of these itinerant lecturers and ex- that we have yet attained in Scotland. No hibitors in this quarter have been peculiar- doubt, after exhibiting in that intellectual ly unfortunate in their siati; that is, in the city, the American far-seer must have been adepts who accompany them; clumsy, ill. accredited to every town in the Union, and trained, maladroit rogues, whose bungling may still be prosperously pursuing her performances were enough to ruin any pro- career. We are not here entering upon the fessor, if the great majority of the audio question of the possibility, by certain means, ences had not been in the humor of being of inducing artificial soninambulism, and gulled, while the minority viewed ihe thing even the cataleptic siate: which is nothing in the light of a broad, acted piece of farce, new, and for which there seems an expli100 absurd to require exposure, and which cable cause. The agency by which this abserved to laugh out the hour as well as normal condition is produced, is, however, any thing else. It is not easy to say which still the subject of controversy, some reclass of society has been the most tickled jecting Animal Magnetism, who yet, under with the excitement and palpable humbug another name, recognize the Mesmeric of these edilying exhibitions. We restrici phenomena to an extent at which others these remarks to the platform and private hesitate. The state of coma being pro. exhibitions in Edinburgh and the neighbor. duced, all besides may be resolved into ing towns; pronouncing no opinion upon the power of imagination, which has efgenuine Mesmeric phenomena ; a maiter rected greater marvels, even of a curative for grave and searching investigation, and sort, than have yet been attributed to Mesone quite unconnected with the tom-fool. merism. eries and egregious humbug to which we Having, however, in the North, made a allude. Meanwhile, we have reached a stage hopeful beginning in the development of in Scotland which may well make England the sublimer phenomena, and already got envious. If clairvoyance arose in France, far beyond the poor lengths of allaying or and has made a distinguished progress in curing disease, bringing out "the organs, America, it ought to be remembered thailand rendering patients insensible to pain
during the most severe, painful, and pro. I useful to Judges this faculty, if, like our tracted surgical operations, we are natural- female exhibitors, they can see what is ly unwilling to retrograde from our bigh past, as well as present and also to phyvantage ground until we shall be driven sicians and lawyers, who never can get at from it. We have also, as a moral nation, the true facts and real symptoms of cases. laid strong hold on the moral uses of Mes. There is, indeed, no end to the moral and merism or Animal Magnetism. We con- social advantages of this new power. To a less, individually, that we are not prepared jealous or languishing lover it is exactly the all at once to live in a house of glass, and magic-mirror of the ancient magician; he have our curious or prying neighbors may always know what his absent mistress is looking after all our movements, reading about, and thus save anxiety, letter-writing, our very thoughts, and depriving us of the and postage. How pleasant, and satisfac
tory, for a neglected wife to look in at the
Club, or elsewhere, and see what her tru.
ant husband is aster-bear what he is say.
ing, and when he thinks of moving home. That belief in Mesmerism has reached this ward! How pleasant for the fagged relength among us, may be gathered from porter of the galleries to bring "the House" the consolation administered by a corres- before his mesmerized eyes, or rather to pondent of one of our ablest newspapers, go to it without the expense of cabs or consolation under the novel and extraor- bodily fatigue, and report all that is said dinary condition impending over society. without moving from the fireside! But One might have tolerated such lucubra- “ the discorery opens up a field of specutions in one of the mushroom towns of the latjon so vast, a state of society so entirely Far West, overrun with all sorts of lec. novel, that we, for the present, waive it. turers; but in Edinburgh, in June 1843, it It is enough that nen and women, who are does astonish, not to say humble us, to in no immediate danger of walking into a hear any man gravely saying, “Great ter- draw-well, believe such things probable, ror has been expressed of the extraordi. or, rather, certain. The powers of magic, nary power of clairvoyance. This can only necromancy, and sorcery, were, and are be seli by the wicked; and not by the good. believed by the vulgar, to be possessed by It is shocking to think how much we are only a few persons in compact with the in the habit of forgetting that God sees us, devil; but the men of science who believe and how terrified we are lest our evil deeds to the full extent in the alleged higher should be exposed to the world's eye. Mesmeric phenomena, out-Herod the vulSince, however, too many are unreformed gar when they assert that all mankind are by the thought of God's omniscience, is it capable of clairvoyance. But, if not capanot a proof of His extreme beneficence to ble, on how unegual a footing are human His creatures to permit a discovery which beings placed! Those who possess, or will effectually check an inconceivable have power to acquire the extraordinary amount of evil, and bring mankind to a faculty, must be supreme masters of the desstrict regard of moral duties.
tinies of those shut out from participating The power of clairvoyance will, doubtless, in it. What would be an ordinary phy. be eagerly sought after, [no di ubt of it,] sician, however able, when compared with and, with whatever motive, a belief in iis one who can look minutely into his paexistence may have some influence in im- tient's viscera, and examine bis brain or proving morals, and in establishing religion spine ; or Talleyrand himself to the stateson the interpretations placed in our hands man who, instead of employing spies, and by God himself of his marvellous works.” | tampering with seals, could at once VesIt is, at least, pleasant to find that every merize himself, and be transported, in one can seek asier and perhaps attain, this spirit, or by exalied sense, to the privy counwondrous power for himself-and not be cils and cabinets of St. Petersburg, Madrid, compelled to consult, and pay one of the or the Tuileries ?– To come to our tale of initiated, when he wishes to peep in and Magic and Mesmerism, which, in the present see what mischief his neighbors are about fantastic humor of the public, is likely, we in their blinded parlors and locked closets. think, to make a favorable debût. One thing is clear: no police, or other crime-detector, should be appointed to The tale is said to be founded on facts office who does not possess clairvoyance that occurred about a hundred years ago, -if there is to be any farther use either when a Jesuit priest, who had atrociously for them or for priestly confessors. How l abused bis office of confessor, was tried for He had corrupted the minds of middle class in France for admission into many young women whose confessor he the society of the aristocracy. was, robbed them of their innocence, and obtained an extraordinary influence over what nothing else could effect, religion could;
“Such was the power of the priesthood, that them, which was, at last, imputed to magic and before its members all doors flew open, all arand sorcery, though the phenomena ex- tificial barriers fell
. Royalty itself was fain to bibited were, it is said, precisely those humble its head before the cowl, and the veil which are witnessed in persons under the had precedence of the coronet. Hence, perinfluence of Animal Magnetism. — The haps, the secret of many a misnamed religious siugular trial of the Jesuit is said to be calling, the source of many a fervent devotion,
and of a certain mania for saintship, a prevailfound among the Causes Célèbres ; though ing distemperature of mind at that epochi
, which we do not remember it. The author of was a convenient channel for female ambition.”' the tale appears to be a believer in Mes. merism, to the extent of extatic delirium The young saint was exceedingly beauand clairvoyance. He concludes, that what tiful, and the object of the passionate atin former ages was attributed to sorcery, tachment of a young lawyer of great worth magic, demoniac possession, and witch- and abilities. But spiritual vanity and decraft, was, in fact, the consequences of Ani- lusion had shut up the womanly springs of mal Magnetism, or, as others think, of her heart; though she was fluctuating beDervous disease, imagination, and trick. tween her natural affections and her imaginThe tale is written with considerable power ary spiritual vocation, when the Jesuit apand skill, and has a certain Mesmeric influ- peared on the scene, and began his magence. Although it is felt repulsive, and netic and other practices, under the veil of even anwholesome, one is constrained to the most stern and rigid sancity, the most follow it out. The scene is Toulon; the exalted spiritualism. His first object and principal heroine is Catherine Cadières, his last was the honor of his Order ;-to the inspired and Holy Maid, who, like Isa- raise the Jesuits of Toulon above the Carbella Campbell of Row, and other persons melites of that city, who had the best laboring under nervous disease, foretold preachers, the care of the most fashionable future events, possessed the most exalted souls in the place, and enjoyed more of the dairvoyance, and was followed and wor favor of the bishop. The ruin, soul and shipped as a prophetess, until it was found, body, of the Holy Naid, was but an episode too late, that all was delusion, and that the in the life of the wily Jesuit, who fell under weak-minded and weak-nerved excitable the temptation of her beauty, though his girl, who at last awoke to reason, had been master-passion was the exaltation of his ihe dupe and victim of a consummate vil. Order. Before the arrival in Toulon of lain and hypocrite. Remarkable instances this star of the Order, rumor was busy are not wanting of the power of both priests about his talents, eloquence, and exalted and presbyters over women, through mere- piety. The Jesuits were triumphant by ly natural magic. But the Jesuit s magic anticipation; the Carmelites incredulous was not simply the art of playing with and and scornful. When the decisive Sunday inflaming the passions, exciting the mind, arrived, the Carmelites were fairly routed, and unbinging the reason, but that art or old and ugly as the Jesuit champion was science afterwards named Mesmerism, in found to be : which he was a proficient. Protestant
“ Already past fifty, his tall, gaunt, emaciated young ladies, of enthusiastic temperament frame made him look considerably older. His and weak nerves and understanding, who skin, sallow and drawn like parchment, adhered are in danger of losing their sober-mind-tightly to the frontal and cheek bones, giving to edness and retiring modesty from the am. Their cavities beneath a remarkably ascetic apbition to make a distinguished figure in the pearance--his, pallor, contrasting with harsh, religious world, or who, through the delu. heavy unintellectual brows-his large moutli
and ears that stuck to his head like two plates, sions of vanity, are betrayed into wild fan. formed alogether one of the coarsest and most tastical pretensions, may find a usefullesson ungainly exteriors imaginable. His eye was the in the face of the Holy Maid of Toulon. She only redeeming point about the man-large, was constitutionally a natural somnambu- dark, and fiery, it scanned the asseinbled crowd list, and from childhood she had a decided with a glance of fierce assurance that seemed vocation, and was, parily through her the prologue to success, and was not devoid of a
sort of rude dignity. mother's excessive vanity, led to imagine
“ His voice was at first husky, but cleared by that she was born to be a saint. Saint-degrees, until it became loud and füll, and, like, ship, it should be noticed, was at that his glance, seemed to search every conscience. period the only passport possessed by the land descend into every heart. ...
The Carmelites were routed; and the Jesuits for even at mass, though I allow him to be an Jooked that ineffably humble and meek triumph excellent preacher.". of which women and monks only have the “A murmur of disapprobation went round secret."
the circle, and the word herelic." The same of Father Girard increased To Catherine's lover Mademoiselle Rayevery day:
mond remarked, as they walked home to“Gradually, the churches of the bare-footed gether: Carmelites were deserted, their preachers voted You, I am sure, are not bigoted, and will tame, their confessors unsatisfactory, and the not misunderstand me if I tell you, that I object tide of public favor was rapidly ebbing from 1o Father Girard as a confessor for Catherine them. Father Girard understood, marvellously, on account of his zeal. The good fathers who the art of warming the zeal of elderly ladies, have until now guided us, used all their efforts and making them denounce and renounce the to maintain my poor friend within the bounds pleasures in which they could scarcely continue of real piety, and prevent her imagination from to take a share; but he had for some time no taking too wild a flight. They thought of her opportunity of exercising his power over the happiness and their duty only, and were not, minds of the junior members of the com- like this idol of the day, struggling for notoriety. nunity.”
I hear that of him which convinces me he will
be but too glad to bave such a disciple, and will But this time came. Catherine had, in make of her an instrument for the advancement piety, alırays been the pattern of her young of his own vain-glory and ambition. But I am companicns, and she, constrained by the afraid,” she added hesitatingly, "you will think will of Heaven, [by Animal Magnetism,] it very bold in one so young, so inexperienced, had chosen the Jesuit for her confessor, to advance such opinions." telling her friends
Being reassured on this point, she con
tinued"It is not Father Girard's brilliant eloquence - Next to the danger of over-exciting a young that has touched me, por am I dazzled by his person so predisposed to religious enthusiasm great reputation; for I should have resisted as Catherine is, there will be another and very both these impulees, as being too worldly 10 in serious evil attendant upon this. There will duce me to resign my soul into the keeping of a arise among these young ladies an emulation of stranger. No! it is the will of Heaven. You holiness, a struggle to get furthest in the esteem all remember St. John's Day, when Father Gi- and good graces of their teacher, who will hnow rard preached at the church of the Carmelites. how to turn this rivalship to the advantage of The service being over, I was about to depart, his reputation. His disciples will no longer when, crossing the porch, 1 happened to meei consider religion a duty, bui desecrate it into an bim, and caught his eye, as I had often done occupation-an amusement to fill up the void before, resting upon me. At the same instant, that must at times be felt in such a quiet life as an angel form appeared visibly to me, pointing ours. The loftier feeling of religion will be lost, towards him, and a voice distinctly murmured in the hearts of many, amid its grimaces." in my ear-- This is the man who is to lead thee unto Heaven.' I well-nigh fainted with sur
This is among the lessons that we conprise, and can well imagine yours in listening 10 sider excellently adapted to Protestant as this extraordinary fact. Yet, when we remem- well as Catholic young devotees. The her how of yore ihe will of God was revealed in greatest change in the character of these visions 10 his chosen, we may wonder, but may girls was soon visible. Some of them had not doubt. His voice hids me scek Father Gi: been previously engaged to be married : rard, to whom, alone, the mission of my salvation is given. I follow not, therefore, my own blind, but their approaching nuptials seemed, by erring judgment, which might deceive, but the a tacit understanding, to be something saguidance of Providence, which I obey with joy- voring of worldliness and levity, which ful confidence.”
should be altogether eschewed. Father Girard had thenceforward the
“They walked as though they dreaded the care of the tender consciences of all the with the soles of their feet; and their eyes sought
contact of any thing so material as earih, even young ladies of Toulon, save the soul of the ground as if to avoid ilie subjects of scandal one clear-headed and soberly religious girl, with which the air around must be filled. Conwho stuck to the old Carmelite confessor, lession, communion, and penance, employed all who from childhood had trained them all, their days-holy converse with earh other their and benefited them in many ways. Made evenings and melancholy meditations their moiselle Raymond told her companions- nights. The great reform that the rector had
wrought in these lovely young pupils soon be* This, I regret to say, seems, to me at least. came known, and his power in reclaiming and a mere love of change, caprice, imitation. I, for purifying souls as the theme of every tongue. one, am quite certain of having no part or par- “The Jesuiis deemed their triumph complete; cel in Catherine's vision, and I am not likely to but the Carmelites bided their time with that be visited by one myself. I shall not therefore, quiet, untiring patience of which men of the attend Father Girard either at the confessional world cannot even form a conception.”