網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

OBITUARY.

MR. MORRIT.-We are sorry to have to announce the death of Mr. J. B. S. Morrit, of Rokeby-park, Yorkshire, who died on the 12th inst., after a lin

JOHN MURRAY, Esq.-On Tuesday morning, a few minutes past eight o'clock, this eminent pub-gering illness, in the 72nd year of his age. He was lisher and bookseller breathed his last; having been one of the earliest and most extensive Greek train but indifferent health for several months, but vellers of the present generation, and after two only alarmingly ill from the Friday preceding. Mr. years spent in the interesting countries of the East, Murray would have been sixty-five if he had lived he returned with a mind replete with classical into November next. His situation in the literary formation, and a taste for every liberal art. It was world has long been most prominent; and there is during his residence abroad that Bryant promulgahardly one author of high reputation, either now ted his fanciful theories on the site of Troy. On living or dead within the last quarter of a century, his return, with Chevalier and others, he entered who has not enjoyed his intimacy and regard. keenly into the Trojan controversy, and became With the majority his social intercourse was most one of the most successful supporters of Homer, and gratifying, and his liberality towards their publicable vindicators of his location of the Troad. His undertakings such as merited their esteem and grati-two dissertations are familiar to ever classical schotude. It is too early a day to dilate upon even his lar, and went as far towards the settlement of that good qualities. That he was warm-hearted and "rexata quæstio" as any of the productions of the generous will be allowed by all who ever knew period.-Times. him; whilst those who had the pleasure of a more genial acquaintance with him, will long remember his lively conversation, and the ready humor which often set the table in a roar. He was, indeed, on such occasions, a very agreeable companion, and his ready wit was only an indication of the acuteness and judgment which he carried into his professional concerns. His clear mind in this respect AN EXPEDITION TO THE CAUCASUS is about to led him to enterprises of great pith and moment; be undertaken, at the expense of the King of Prusand we owe to it some of the most celebrated works sia, by Prof. Koch, the Asiatic traveller, and Dr. in our language. He originally began business Rose. Their instructions are to commence their about forty years ago in Fleet-street, nearly oppo-researches at Trebisond, to trace to their sources site old St. Dunstan's giant-guarded clock, and then in the high lands of Erzerum, the Western Eusucceeded Mr. Miller in Albemarle-street. Among his earliest literary connexions were D'Israeli and W. Gifford; and in later years, Scott, Southey, Moore, Byron, Barrow, Lockhart, nearly all our illustrious travellers, and authors in every branch of publication. He was a true friend to the arts, which he largely employed; and, in short, we may sum up this brief notice by saying, that in all the relations of society, few men will make a greater blank, or be more truly regretted, than John Murray. Mr. M. has left a widow, we are sorry to hear, in very indifferent health, daughters, and a son and successor, who, we hope, will emulate the friendly and liberal traits of his father's character.-Literary Gazette.

SCIENCE AND ARTS.

phrates, the Araxes, and the Tschorock. From thence they are to proceed to the second high lands of Armenia, and so on to the ruins of Ani. They are also to visit and examine the range of mountains which connects in one unbroken line the ranges of the Caucasus and the Armenian Taurus. They are directed to investigate the question, as to whether there ever was a wall extending over the whole of the Caucasus, similar to the great wall of China. Prof. Koch will then proceed to the Tartarian Circassia, and the sources of the Kuban: he will also make an attempt to ascend the Elbrus, and examine the numerous monuments in the valleys of the Karatschai-Athenæum.

DOGS. Two years ago, we noticed the experiDR. HAHNEMANN, the founder of homeopathy, ments of M. Leonard, in which that gentleman exdied at Paris on Sunday, 2d July, aged eighty-hibited two dogs under a degree of command which eight. The Commerce sketches his lifeimplied a higher development of faculties than had "Dr. Hahnemann was born in 1755, at Meissen, of hitherto been witnessed. M. Leonard is here again, poor parents; and owed his education to the great having in the interim, he informs us, tested his aptitude for learning he gave evidence of at the lit-theories and the skill of his methods, by applying tle school where he was first placed. He was re-them to the education (if it may be so styled) of ceived doctor in physic at Heidelberg in 1781, and horses; and he is now anxious to go, step by step, discovered in 1790 the new system which he after- through his process of training, in the presence of wards designated homeopathy. He continued un- those whom it may interest, with the view of protil 1820 his experiments and researches on his new mulgating principles which he believes capable of system, and then published the results of his labors general application. We must add, that M. Leonunder the title of Matiere Medicale Pure. In 1829 ard appears anxious not to be confounded with he published his Theory of Chronic Diseases, and those who exhibit tricks for pecuniary profit; his their Remedies; of which he gave a second edition desire apparently being, to bring what he conceives in 1840. To those works must be added his Orga- an important discovery before some of the scientific non de l'Art de Guerir, which ran through five bodies, for philanthropic purposes.-Ibid. editions. He also published nearly 200 Dissertations on different medical subjects; and he did all "A statement of Experiments showing that Carthis whilst occupied with patients, which took up bon and Nitrogen are compound bodies, and are from ten to twelve hours a day. He had the satis- made by Plants during their growth." By R. Rigg, faction of seeing his system, after half a century's Esq.-The author, finding that sprigs of succulent existence, spread over every part of the globe; and plants, such as mint, placed in a bottle containing just before his death he learned that homoeopathy perfectly pure water, and having no communication was about to have a chair at the University of Vi-with the atmosphere except through the medium of enna, and hospitals in all the Austrian States, at Berlin, and at London."-Spectator.

water, or mercury and water, in a few weeks growto more than double their size, with a proportionate

increase of weight of all the chemical elements | had no effect in diminishing the motion of the which enter into their composition, is thence dis-waves, for they were many times abundantly sprinposed to infer that all plants make carbon and kled with the spray. It is unnecessary to add, that nitrogen; and that the quantity made by any plant those who remained on land had remarked nothing varies with the circumstances in which it is placed. at all which could be attributed to the effusion of the oil. After all that has been said and written ELECTROTYPE.-At the last meeting of the Hor- at the negative result of their experiments, and, limon this subject, the Commissioners are astonished ticultural Society, some beautiful specimens of the iting themselves to the account of them, they add application of the Electrotype process to vegetation no observations. They believe themselves, howwere exhibited by Messrs. Elkington, of Regent-ever, authorized to assert, as their personal opinion, street. Upon the surface of leaves a deposit of that the idea of protecting our piers by means of copper was thrown down, so as to form a perfect oil, is not a happy one.—Åthenæum.

representation in metal of the surface of the foliage. Since that time we have been favored by Messrs. Elkington with a sight of other leaves coated with gold and silver as well as copper. Among these were a Pelargonium-leaf, having all its glandular hairs preserved with admirable precision; an ear of Wheat; a leaf of Fennel; a Fern, with its fructification; a shoot of the Furze-bush, and an insect, (a Carabus) with every part of it encrusted with the metalic deposit. In our opinion this opens quite a new view and most interesting field to the application of the Electrotype process.-Gardeners' Chronicle.

THE POWER OF OIL TO ALLAY THE VIOLENCE OF WAVES. The existence of this property in oil has been so often asserted, that a commission was lately appointed by the Royal Institute of the Pays Bas to make experiments on the subject :-"The Commission assembled at Zandvoort, on the shore of the North Sea. Some of them proceeded a short distance from the shore, in order to pour the oil upon the water, and observe the results; the others remaining on land, and not knowing either at what moment or how many times the oil was poured out, were to keep their eyes fixed on the waves, which rolled from the boat towards the shore; by these means, their opinion, exempt from all influence, might be considered as so much the more impartial. The wind was south-west, and of moderate force; the quantity of oil poured out at four different times, namely, at 43, 45, 50, and 54 minutes past nine o'clock, amounted to 15 litres, (upwards of 3 imperial gallons ;) the tide was flowing, and would not reach its full height till 21 minutes past eleven o'clock. The Commissioners who remained on the shore not having remarked any effect which could be ascribed to the effusion of the oil, and the same thing being the case with those engaged in pouring it, we might already consider the question, if oil poured at a little distance from our piers could protect them from the fury of the waves, as answered in the negative. Nevertheless, the Commissioners thought it incumbent upon them to make a second trial at a somewhat greater distance from the shore. Two of them were rowed beyond the rocks, and then cast anchor. The distance was calculated by the boatmen at 300 yards; the sounding line indicated a depth of about three yards; and the waves were rolling considerably. More than the half of 15 litres of oil was poured out in the space of five minutes, (from 15 to 10 minutes before 12 o'clock,) and the Commissioners did not observe the slightest effect in relation to the object of their mission. They saw the oil swimming on the surface of the water, partly united in spots of an irregular form, partly extended and forming a pellicle, and partly mingling with the foam of the waves, and sharing in their oscillatory movements. When returning to the shore, at the moment of passing the rocks, the Commissioners caused the rest of the oil to be poured on the water, and they can testify that it

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTICES.

Great Britain.

1.-The Rambles of the Emperor Ching Tih, in Keang-nan. A Chinese Tale. Translated by TKIN SHEN, Student of the Anglo-Chinese College, Malacca. With a Preface by James Legge, D. D., President of the College. Two vols. London, 1843. Longman.

THIS Chinese tale, or historical novel, has been translated into English by a native of China, a student at the Anglo-Chinese College, Malacca, the translation being revised by Dr. Legge, the Principal, who vouches for its fidelity. It is founded upon the predominance of eunuchs at the court of the emperor, a circumstance which has not infrequently disturbed the tranquillity of the empire, and placed the monarch in jeopardy.

Ching Tih, the hero of the tale, ascended the throne at the age of fifteen, on the death of his father, Hung Che, of the Ming dynasty. The young prince, being "of an open and free disposition, self-conceited, and indolent," fell an easy prey to the seductions of the eunuch Lew Kin, "an intriguing, deceitful, crafty villain, skilful in devis ing schemes of amusement and detecting the characters of men." With the co-operation of his fellow-eunuchs and creatures, he corrupts the young prince by "the exhibition of skilfully-trained animals, mirth, dancing, music, wine, and women." The nobles remonstrate, but Lew Kin and the eunuchs counteract the effect of the expostulation by their artifices, aided by the emperor's love of pleasure; the nobles consequently abandon the court, leaving the offices to be filled with Lew Kin's partizans, the prince being “absorbed in fun and feasting." Famine ravages the empire; rebellion breaks out, encouraged by misgovernment, and a large portion of the work is devoted to the description of military operations and incidents. The emperor still protects the eunuch, who contrives to secure the help of a supernatural "dragon horse," sent by the king of Ton Kin, as a present At length, however, Lew Kin is seized by the exasperated nobles, threatened with torture, confesses his guilt, and, being banished with his partizans, turns robber. The empire being restored to tranquillity, Ching Tih resolves to travel to Keang-nan in search of "loyal officers to benefit his kingdom." In the disguise of a scholar, and under the name of Hwang Lun, he commences his "rambles," the adventures in which occupy the whole of the second volume of the work. In the course of them he is placed in peril, being beleaguered by a rebel army sent by

Lew Kin, who, with the other traitors, is at length | from all but those select few who were content to taken and put to death.

Ching Tih returns to his capital with two wives, whom he had picked up in his rambles; one of them the daughter of a little inkeeper, who "sold wine before the furnace."

The tale will familiarize the reader with Chinese habits and manners; in other respects it possesses but little merit.-Asiatic Journal.

2.—Collectanea Antiqua, No. 1. Etchings of Ancient Remains, illustrative of the Habits, Customs, and History of Past Ages. By Charles Roach Smith, F. S. A., one of the Secretaries of the Numismatic Society, &c., 800.-Eight plates, containing, 1, 2. Roman glass vessels in the museum at Boulogne sur Mer; 3, 4. Bronze fibulæ, &c., and pottery, found at Etaples, Pas de Calais.

FOUR of the pots are inscribed, one with AVE, Hail! another with BIBE, Drink! the third with IMPLE, Fill! and the fourth apparently with VIVAS, Your good health! Plates 5 and 6 are British and Roman coins found in Kent; 7,Gold British or Gaulic coins found at Bognor and Alfriston in Sussex; and 8, a Gallo-Roman votive altar, now the baptismal font in the church of Halinghen, Pas de Calais. The inscription on this extraordinary relic is,

EIDEO IOVI

VICVS

DOLVCENS

CVVITALIS

PRISC.

pay the price of pacing its shores on foot. Steam, however, has now made it one of the high-roads of the Continent, and Mr. Quin, (as in the previous case of the Danube,) has been the first Englishman to explore its beauties and attractions, and report on them to the rest of his countrymen, who only require a guide and avant courier of this kind to induce them to flock in shoals to the indicated spot.

For the benefit of all such, of whatever grade or temper, we shall simply describe Mr. Quin's book, and leave them to choose between the threefold course it opens to them.

Seine, in which every point and feature worthy of Its first portion comprises a Steam Voyage up the note is fairly and pleasantly placed before us, and all the appliances and means needful to their enjoy. ment made ready to our hands. The second, and (as we have hinted,) by far the most valuable and interesting division of the work, is a Steam Voyage down the Moselle, from Treves to Coblentz; at which latter point the Moselle falls into the Rhine, as most of our readers doubtless know, though that is in all probability the extent of the knowledge of every one of them touching this beautiful and even famous river-already as famous for its delicious wines as it will henceforth be for its delightful scenery.

A third very useful and pleasant feature of this book is, its "Railroad Visits" to the principal cities of Belgium; a country too little knowu to English travellers, whether on the score of its singular antiquarian attractions, or its valuable and littleobserved social features.

which has been variously interpreted by different French antiquaries. The word EIDEO is apparently the name of a local deity associated with Jupiter, The remainder of the two volumes comprises and it is remarkable that three altars have been brief touch-and-go details of those portions of the found dedicated to Jupiter Dolichenus, which name Rhine, and its adjacent Spas and Watering-places, has some apparent connection with the word to which the course of Mr. Quin's route led him. DOLVCENS. As, however, we are unable to eluci- The whole forms one of the most useful and effidate the matter, we will refer the curious antiquarycient hand-books that can anywhere be pointed to, to Mr. Smith's own description, in which he has discussed at length this subject, as well as those of his other plates. The having been at the pains to make these etchings with his own hands, is characteristic of his usual zeal and perseverance, and the antiquarian world may well wish that they possessed more members equally active with Mr. Roach Smith.-Gentleman's Magazine.

3.-Steam Voyages on the Seine, the Moselle, and the Rhine. By Michael Quin, Author of "A Steam Voyage down the Danube."

even in this age of intelligent guides and of publishing travellers.-United Service Mag.

Germa: p.

The Socialism and Communism of the present day.
A contribution to contemporary history, by L.
Stein, L. L. D. Leipzig.

The recent aims which have been manifested in the department of political economy, out of the proper school, must be regarded as reactionary and revolutionary. The latest, proceeding from a It should seem that steam is ultimately destined basis of society altogether opposed to the existing to be as much an agent of pleasure as of business-one, and attempting to mould the entire organizaas extensively employed in the service of the dulce as it has hitherto been in that of the utile; or, what is still better, it will do the work of both at the same time, as, in fact, it does in the pleasant and useful volumes before us, which, by its aid, open to the traveller entirely new and heretofore unknown roads into the heart of all that is beautiful in scenery and attractive in social novelty, in the districts through which the Seine and the Moselle, but particularly the latter, have hitherto borne few or none but those who are as little qualified to appreciate the one as to take advantage of the other.

The portion of this work which claims, and will attract by far the most attention, is that devoted to the Moselle-a river inferior to scarcely any one in Europe, for the charms of its scenery and the characteristic nature of its social attractions; and yet the inconveniences and delays that have heretofore attended its navigation have kept it a sealed book

tion of society in accordance with their new principles of national economy, are those, which constitute the subject of this interesting work. It would have been better if the author had confined himself to the pure basis of political science, and divested himself of the philosophy of his own school. This, however, only shows itself occasionally and on the whole, the judgment of the author is correct. He deserves great credit for his very exact and special investigation and representation of all the facts appertaining to the subject, thus qualifying himself to discuss so much, of which we in Germany at present have scarcely a distant knowledge. On the St. Simonians, Fourier, and his disciples, Pierre Leroux, Proudhou, Louis Blanc, Babeuf, and the different phases of communism we have the most complete account which has appeared in the German language.—Gersdorf`s Repertorium.

[graphic][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]
« 上一頁繼續 »