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says ; Débout : aux champs, aux ateliers ! | meant to shave. In vain, all in vain! At Can I have you sit here, droning old metre length, Francia lost patience with them. through your nose; your heart asleep in “ Thon wretched Fraction, wilt thou be the mere gluttony, the while; and all Paraguay ninth part even of a tailor? Does it bea wilderness, or nearly co-the Heaven's seem ihee to weave cloth of devil's.dust blessed sunshine growing mere tangles, li- instead of true wool; and cut and sew it anas, yellow fevers, ratilesnakes, and ja- as if thou wert not a tailor, but the fraction guars on it? Up, swist, to work—or mark of a very tailor! I cannot endure every this governmental horsewhip, what the crack thing !" Francia, in despair erected his of it is, what the cut of it is like to be!— " Workman's Gallows." Yes, that instituIncurable, for one class, seemed archbish. tion of the country did actually exist in ops, bishops, and such like; given merely Paraguay; men and workmen saw it with to a sham-warfare against extinct devils. eyes. A most remarkable, and, on the At the crack of Francia's terrible whip they whole, not unbeneficial institution of sociwent, dreading what the cut of it might be. ety there. Robertson gives us the followA cheap worship in Paraguay, according to ing scene with the Belt-maker of Assumpthe humor of the people, Francia left; on cion; which, be it literal, or in part poetic, condition that it did no mischief. Wood does, no doubt of it, hold the mirror up to en saints and the like ware, he also left sit- Nature in an altogether true, and surely in ting in their niches: no new ones, even on a very surprising manner : solicitation, would he give a doit to buy. Being petitioned to provide a new patron with a couple of grenadiers' belts, neither ac

“In came, one afternoon, a poor shoemaker, saint for one of his new fortifications once, cording to the fancy of the Dictator. • Sentihe made this answer: “O people of Para

nel,'--said he-and in came the sentinel; when guay, how long will you continue idiots ? the following conversation ensued: While I was a Catholic I thought as you “ Dictator :- Take this bribonazo' (a very do : but I now see there are no saints but favorite word of the Dictator's, and which being good cannons that will guard our fron- interpreted means most impertinent scoundrel') Tiers !"* This also is noteworthy. He in

- take this bribonazo to the gibbet over the quired of the two Swiss surgeons, what way; walk him under it half-a-dozen times: and their religion was; and then added, “ Be of ker,' bring me such another pair of belts, and

now,' said he, turning to the trembling shoemawhat religion you like, bere : Christians, instead of walking under the gallows, we shall Jews, Mussulmans—but don't be Atheists." iry how you can swing upon it.'

Equal trouble had Francia with his laic ** Shoemaker:- Please your excellency, I workers, and indeed with all manner of have done my best.' workers; for it is in Paraguay as else

“Dictator :- Well, bribon, if this be your where, like priest like people. Francia liad again mar a bit of the state's leather. "The belts

best, I shall do my best to see that you never extensive barrack-buildings, nay city-build

are of no use to me; but they will do very wd ings (as we have seen), arm-furnishings; 10 hang you upon the little framework which immensities of work going on, and his the grenadier will show you.' workmen had in general a tendency to be

“Shoemaker:-.God bless your excellenry, imaginary. He could get no work out of the Lord forbid ! I am your vassal, your slave? them; only a more or less deceptive simili day and night have I served, and will serve my tude of work! Masons so called, builders the belts; y por el alma de un triste zupatiro

lord; only give me two days more to prepare of houses, did not build, but merely seem (by the soul or a poor shoemaker) I will make to build ; their walls would not bear weath-inen to your excellency's liking.' er; stand on their bases in high winds.- * Dictator :-Off wiih him, sentinel !! Hodge-razors, in all conceivable kinds, “Sentinel :- Vengu, bribon: come along, were openly marketed, " which were never you rascal.'

* Shoemaker:- Senor Excelentisimo: This meant to shave, but only to be sold !” For a length of time Francia’s righteous soul rery night I will make the belts according to

your excellency's pattern.' struggled sore, yet unexplosively with the

“ Dictator:-- Well

, you shall have till the propensities of these unfortunate norning; but still you must pass under the gibBy rebuke, by remonstrance, encourage- bet: it is a salutary process, and may at once ment, offers of reward, and every vigilance, quicken the work and improve the workmanand effort, he strove to convince them that ship. it was unfortunate for a Son of Adam to be

“Sentinel :- Vamonos, bribon ; the supreme

commands it.' an imaginary workmon ; that every Son of " Off was the shoemaker marched: he was, Adam had better make razors which were according to orders, passed and repassed under

the gibbet; and then allowed to retire to his Rengger.

stall." VOL. III. No. I. 7



He worked there with such an alacrity pitcher of water; the water is made to boil and sibylline enthusiasm, all night, that his there. The Dictator then prepares, with the belts on the morrow were without parallel greatest possible care, his matè, or Paraguay in South America ;-and he is now, if still lea: Having taken this, he walks under the inin this life, Belt-maker general 10 Paraguay, smokes a cigar, which he first takes care to un

terior colonnade that looks upon the court; and a prosperous man; grateful to Francia and roll

, in order to ascertain that there is nothing the gallows, we may hope, for casting cer- dangerous in it, though it is his own sister who tain of the seven devils out of him! makes up his cigars for him. At six o'clock

Such an institution of society would evi- comes the barber, an ill-washed, ill-clad mulatto, dently not be introduceable, under that given to drink, too; but the only member of the simple form, in our old constituted Euro laculty whom he trusts in. If the Dictator is in

good humor, he chats with the barber; and pean countries.

Yet it may be asked of often in this manner makes use of him to preconstitutional persons in these times, By pare the public for his projects: this barber may what succedaneum they mean to supply be said to be his Official Gazette. He then the want of it, then? In a community of steps out, in his dressing-gown of printed calico, imaginary workmen, how can you pretend to the outer colonnade, an open space with pilto have any government, or social thing he walks about, receiving at the same time such whatever, ibat were real ? Certain ten

persons as are admitted to an audience.

Topound franchisers, with their “tremendous wards seven, he withdraws to his room, where cheers,” are invited to reflect on this. he remains till nine; the officers and other funcWith a community of quack workmen, it is tionaries then come to make their reports, and by the law of Nature impossible that other receive his orders. At eleven o'clock, the fiel than a quack government can be got to ex- de fecho (principal secretary) brings the papers ist. Constitutional or other, with ballot- which are to be inspected by him, and writes

from his dictation till noon. At noon all the offiboxes or with none, your society in all its cers retire, and Doctor Francia sits down to taphases, administration, legislation, teach- ble. His dinner, which is extremely frugal, he ing, preaching, praying, and writing peri- always bimself orders. When the cook returns odicals per sheet, will be a quack society; from market, she deposits her provisions at the terrible to live in, disastrous to look upon. door of her master's room; the Doctor then Such an institution of society, adapted to comes out, and selects what he wishes for himour European ways, seems pressingly desir: awakening, he drinks his matè, and smokes a

self. After dinner, he takes his siesta. On able. oʻGuachos, South American and cigar, with the same precautions as in the mornEuropean, what a business is it, casting out ing. From this, till four or five, he occupies your seven devils !

himself with business, when the escort to attend But perhaps the reader would like to take him on his promenade arrives. The barber a view of Dr. Francia in the concrete, there !hen enters, and dresses his hair, while his horse as he looks and lives; inanaging that thou- is getting ready. During his ride, the Doctor sand-sided business for his Paraguenos, in inspects the public works, and the barracks, par

ticularly those of the cavalry, where he has had the time of Surgeon Rengger? It is our

a set of apartments prepared for his own use. last extract, or last view of the Dictator, While riding, though surrounded by his escort, who must hang no longer on our horizon he is armed with a sabre, and a pair of doublehere :

barrelled pocket-pistols. He returns lione about

nightfall, and siis down to study till nine; then “I have already said that Doctor Francia, so he goes to supper, which consists of a roast pisoon as he found himself at the head of affairs, geon and a glass of wine. If the weather be took up his residence in the habitation of the fine, he again walks in the outer colonnade, former Governors of Paraguay. This edifice, where lie often remains till a very late hour. At which is one of the largest in Assumpcion, was ten o'clock he gives the watchword. On returnerecied by the Jesuits, a short time before their ing into the house, he fastens all the doors himexpulsion, as a house of retreat for laymen, who sell." devoted themselves to certain spiritual exercises instituted by Saint Ignatius. This structure

Francia's brother was already mad. Franthe Dictator repaired and embellished; he has cia banished this sister by and by, because detached it from the other houses in the city, by she had employed one of his grenadiers, interposing wide streets. Here he lives, with one of the public government's

soldiers, on four elaves, a little negro, one male and two le

some errand of her own. Thou lonely male mulattoes, whom he treats with great

Francia! mildness. The two males perform the functions of valet.de-chambre and groom. One of the

Francia's escort of cavalry used to two mulatto women is his cook, and the other“ strike men with the flat of their swords," takes care of his wardrobe. He leads a very much more assault them with angry epiregular life. The first rays of the sun very thets, if they neglected to salute the Dicrarely find him in bed. So soon as he rises, the negro brings a chafing dish, a kettle, and a

* Rengger.


It seems,

tator as he rode out. Both he and they, the interior; root ont his tea-plants; scatmoreover, kept a sharp eye for assassins; ter his four hundred Indians, and we know but never found any, thanks perhaps to the rest! Hard-hearted Monopoly refusing their watchfulness. Had Francia been in to listen to the charmings of Public Opinion Paris !-At one time, also, there arose an- or Royal Society Presidents, charm they noyance in the Dictatorial mind from idle never so wisely! M. Bonpland, at full crowds gazing about his Government liberty some time since, resides still in House, and his proceedings there. Orders South America,-and is expected by the were given that all people were to move Robertsons, not altogether by this Editor, on, about their affairs, straight across this to publish his Narrative, with a due rungovernment esplanade; instructions to the ning shriek. sentry, that if any person paused to gaze, Francia's treatment of Artigas, his old he was to be peremptorily bidden, Move enemy, the bandit and firebrand, reduced on !—and if he still did not more, to be now to beg shelter of him, was good; shot with ball-cartridge. All Paraguay humane, even dignified. Francia refused men moved on, looking to the ground, swist to see or treat with such a person, as he as possible, straight as possible, through had ever done; but readily granted him a those precarious spaces; and the affluence place of residence in the interior, and of crowds thinned itself almost to the verge thirty piasters a month till he died." of solitude. One day, after many weeks The bandit cultivated fields, did charitable or months, a human figure did loiter, did deeds, and passed a lise of penitence, for gaze in the forbidden ground: “Move his few remaining years. His bandit folon !” cried the sentry sharply ;-no effect: lowers, who took to plundering again, says "Move on!" and again none. Alas, the M. Rengger, “were instantly seized and unfortunate human figure was an Indian, shot." did not understand human speech, stood On the other hand, that anecdote of merely gaping interrogatively, where Francia's dying father-requires to be conopon a shot belches forth at him, the whew. Girmed!

the old man, who, as og of winged lead; which luckily only we saw, had long since quarrelled with his whewed, and did not hit! The astonish- son, was dying, and wished to be reconment of the Indian must have been great, ciled. Francia “ was busy ;-what was in bis retreat-pace rapid. As for Francia he it?—could not come.” A second still more summoned the sentry with hardly suppress pressing message arrives: “The old father

“ What news, Amigo ?"' The dare not die unless he see his son ; fears sentry quoted "your Excellency's order;" he shall never enter heaven, if they be not Francia cannot recollect such an order; reconciled.” “ Then let him enter

.!" commands now, that at all events such said Francia, “I will not come !"* If this order cease.

anecdote be true, it is certainly of all that It remains still that we say a word, not are in circulation about Dr. Francia, by far in excuse, which might be difficult, but in the worst. If Francia, in that death hour, explanation, which is possible enough, of could not forgive his poor old father, whatFrancia's unforgivable' insult to human soever he had, or could in the murkiest sulscience in the person of M. Aimé Bonpland. triest imagination be conceived to have M Aimé Bonpland, friend of Humboldt, done against him, then let no man forgive after much botanical wandering, did, as all Dr. Francia! But the accuracy of public men know, setile himself in Entre Rios, an rumor, in regard to a Dictator who has Indian or Jesuit country close on Francia, executed forty persons, is also a thing that now burnt to ashes by Artigas; and there can be guessed at. To whom was it, by set up a considerable establishment for the name and surname, that Francia delivered improved culture of Paraguay tea. Bota- this extraordinary response ? Did the man Dy? Why, yes,-and perhaps commerce make, or can he now be got to make, affistill more. “Botany ?" exclaims Francia: davit of it, to credible articulate-speaking " It is shopkeeping agriculture, and tends persons resident on this earth? If so let to prove fatal to my shop! Who is this him do it-for the sake of the psychologiextraneous individual? Artigas could not cal sciences. give him right to Entre Rios; Entre Rios One last fact more. Our lonesome Dicta. is at least as much mine as Arigas's! tor, living among Guachos, had the greatest Bring him to me!" Next night, or next, pleasure, it would seem, in rational conParaguay soldiers surround M. Bonpland's versation, -with Robertson, with Rengger, tea-establishment; gallop M. Bonpland over the frontiers, to his appointed village in

ed rage,

. Robertson

with any

kind of intelligent human crea- THE TROUSSEAU.—The Duchess of Gloucester, ture, when such could be fallen in with, the Princess Sophia Matilda, and many of the haute which was rarely. He would question you afternoon, to see the trousstau ; but, as might be with eagerness about the ways of men in expected, the favor was limited, although the asforeign places, the properties of things un. sembled visitors were so numerous that it might known to him; all human interest and in most properly be called a reception. A spacious sight was interesting to him. Only per- display of the valuable jewels and magnificent pre

room at Cambridge House was appropriated for the sons of no understanding being near him sents from the Queen, Queen Dowager, King of for most part, he had to content himself Hanover, and the other relatives of the bride and with silence, a meditative cigar and cup of bridegroom, as well as from the Duchess of Suthermatè. O Francia, though thou hadst to ex- land, the Marchioness of Londonderry, the Marchi

oness of Ailesbury, and many of the leading arisecute forty persons, I am not without some

tocracy. In addition to the bridal dress, there were pity for thee!

several costumes du cour, intended to be worn by In this manner, all being yet dark and her Royal Highness on her arrival in Germany. void for European eyes, have we to ima- Her Royal Highness's state robe is a most elegant gine that the man Rodriguez Francia pass. richest light blue satin and silver tissue, most su

and magnificent costume. The fabrique is of the ed, in a remote, but highly remarkable, not perbly brocaded over the entire surface with a unquestionable or inquestioned manner, chaste but tasteful pattern of leaves. The Duchess across the confused theatre of this world. of Cambridge presented her daughter with a comFor some thirty years, he was all the go; fings, and other ornaments of diamonds and sap

plete set of jewels, including tiara, necklace, earvernment his native Paraguay could be said |phires ; a most costly and splendid gift. The to have. For some six-and-twenty years Queen, the Queen Dowager, the Duchess of Kent, he was express Sovereign of it; for some the Duchess of Gloucester, and the Princess Sophia, three, or some two years, a Sovereign each made presents to their youthful relative of with bared sword, stern as Rhadamanthus : every variety of jewelry Her Majesty's present

was composed of rubies and diamonds ; The throngh all his years, and through all his Duchess of Kent's was entirely of brilliants; the days, since the beginning of him, a Man or Duchess of Gloucester's of turquoises and diamonds

. Sovereign of iron energy and industry, of Nor were the bridal gifts on ibe part of the Royal great and severe labor. So lived Dictator

family confined to jewels: other articles of rarity Francia, and had no rest; and only in Majesty presented several magnificent oriental

and value were received by the Princess. Her Eternity any prospect of rest. A life of shawls, one of which was particularly splendid. terrible labor ;- but for the last twenty The friends of the Princess, among the nobility, years the Fulgencio plot being once torn showed their highi estimation of her Royal Highin pieces and all now quiet under him, it Marchioness of Londonderry forwarded two hand

ness by numerous presents of various kinds. The was a more equable labor: severe but some caskets. The Marchioness of Ailesbury preequable, as that of a hardy draught-steed sented a handsome ring composed of a single pearl fitted in his harness; no longer plunging of large size set in brilliants. The Countess of Jerand champing ; but pulling steadily, —till sey gave a splendid casket; and many other ladies

of rank presented souvenirs of various kinds. he do all his rough miles, and get to his The BRIDE-CAKE.—The bride-cake, made by still home.

her Majesty's yeoman confectioner, (Mr. Mauditt,) So dark were the Messrs. Robertson was really a most magnificent specimen of the art concerning Francia, they had not been plateau it measured 2 feet in height, and nearly 6 able to learn in the least whether, when feet in circumference; the whole was encased in their book came out, he was living or dead. frosted sugar-work, the base being encircled by He was living then, he is dead now. He a wreath of candied white roses, while immediately is dead, this remarkable Francia ; there is buds with silver leaves. Around the top of the

above were garlands of orange-flowers, and roseno doubt about it: have not we and our cake a moveable cornice was formed of hollow readers heard pieces of his Funeral Ser palms, or little tiny hands, in sugar-work, filled mon! He died on the 20th of September, with love bows, encircled with silver bracelets, 1840, as the Rev. Perez informs us; the and holding a boquet of orange-flowers, Portuguese

laurel, and myrtle buds. The whole,-being surpeople crowding round his Government

mounted with a very beautiful representation of House with much emotion, nay “with Aurora, “ fair daughter of the dawn,” stood at tears," as Perez will have it. Three Ex- least four feet high. The weight of the cake, excellencies succeeded him, as some “Di- clusive of its ornaments, was upwards of 160lbs.

The Court Journal. rectorate,

,” “ Junta Gubernativa,or whatever the name of it is, before whom this reverend Perez preaches.

It appears from a recent statistical return that

God preserve the number of persons in Russia who can read is them many years.

4,167,995, or about 1 in 13 of the entire population.


THE STRANGER-A TALE OF THE SEA. And took the pipe from each lazy jaw,

And pointed stusvly, and drawled out" ‘yaw,”
From the Dublin University Magazine.

When that wonderful man on his trunk they saw ;
For light as a feather it seemed to swim,

Bearing him safe o'er the waters grim,
The night is dark, and the billows roar,

'Till a boat was lowered as festas might be. And 'tis half-past twelve by the clocks on shore,

It was two when all snik And the landsmen are soundly asleep in their beds,

Save the man and the trunk, l'nheeding the “pother that's over their heads," And they reached him at just five minutes to three, And the Landswomen, 'wakening perhaps in a Though the wind had begun pretty freshly to bron, fright,

And they'd nearly five hundred yards to rów: Cry "God help the poor sailors this terrible night!” But he seemed not the worse by a single pin, Then turning again on their pillows to sleep, And as they made ready to take him in, Forget all the perils of those on the deep.

Lightly he sprung,

And his trunk they flung The night is dark, and the billows roar,

Into the boat " with a kick and a spin;" And a vessel is driving directly a-shore;

And with oaths, that for me to repeat were a sin, Were she in port you inight thus read her name:

Desired to know The " Goed Vrouw," and near it the word “ Am

" What hurried them so?" sterdam."

And also, " What made them so pale and so thin?'' She is not one of the “ go ahead" sort,

Small blame to thee, reader! already thou ruHer stern is round, and her bows are short,

morest, And her masts do not stand so presumptuously That the odd little man was a bit of a humorist.

high, As to carry her “sky-scrapers” up to the sky; Back to the ship doth the small boat glide, And she's stuffed to the throat with her cargo Quicker, 1 trow, than it left her side, within,

For fear began their hearts to fill, Full of tobacco and good Holland's gin;

And through their well-stuffed sides to thrill; And her captain, the worthy Mynheer Vander- Especially now that the stranger's brow goose,

Grew darker and darker, they knew not how. Stands five feet exactly when wearing bis shoes;

No word they uttered; Which shoes, as polished as polished may be,

The stranger spluttered Alas! and alack! he never could see,

In some unknown tongue, then, in high Dutch Since his paunch stood a foot farther out than his muttered, knee :

That “ before he had done with the lazy dogs, And as to her mate, and indeed every sailor, They'd be far more like sailors, and far less like They all might be clothed by the very same tailor, hogs." From the very pattern, so well are they chosen, His speech was in Dutch, you remember, but if I To match with each other, thirteen to ihe dozen,

lent All save ose, and his bones are sharp,

It an English dress, this would be its equivalent. And his sinews as hard as the strings of a harp; And his cheeks are pale, and his nose is blue,

He's out of the boat with a bound and a skip, Where every other is crimson in hue;

He's over the bulwarks, he's into the ship; And he stands in his stockings just six feet two

And, regardless alike of the crew and their " funk," All save one, that remarkable man,

He roars to them loudly to "hand him his trunk !" And he gives no name but the name of “Jan."

Slowly their broad-clothed backs they bend,

Slowly they grasp it by either end, 'Tis a pleasant thing, when the morn is bright,

Each of those sailors was thought a good puller, To glide o'er the waves that are dancing in light,

Wouter Van Twissler, and Barnet van MullerAnd to hear the dash of the feathered oar,

But though Didrick Van Ranslaer, the second And the watch-dog's bark from the distant shore.

mate, aided, Tis a pleasant thing, when the storm is past,

And mortals sure never pulled wildly as they did ; And the ocean still heaves from the recent blast,

And Nicholas Block to the rescue had hastened, To watch the waves 'neath the sunset rolled,

The obstinate trunk to the bottom seemed fastened ; Like mountains of amber or torrepis of gold;

And the stranger stood laughing and cheering them But however deliglitful such scenes inay be,

on, There are pleasanter things than a shore on your Till almost the breath from their bodies had gone, lee,

Then, turning around, (while some looked for his lo a a very dark night, on a very rough sea.


He beckoned to Jan, who was standing aloof, stay;

whilst describing slip, captain, and crew, And whispering a word in the ear of that tall' man, I bad nearly forgotten the passenger, who

(On tiptoe he had to stand, being a small man,) If I thus should neglect, I might justly be iwitted

Jan leaped from the side, heaved the trunk from As the manager was,

the boat, Who had Hamlet, 'tis poz,

Now light as it seemed when they saw it afloat. Advertised, “ with the part of prince Hamlet omit. And high on his shoulder the burden he bears,

ted.' They were just two-days sail from their own Am. And follows the stranger straight down the steep

stairs, sterdam,

Who walks to the cabin, and gives a loud rap When an odd-looking boat, pulling after them,

On the top of the table,

That's not very stable, And scarcely was hailed, ere she suddenly sunk,

And startles Mynheer Vandergoose from his nap. And nothing was saved but one man and a trunk; And even the sailors so sleepy and sleek,

Myneer Vandergoose showed as much of surprise, Turned over the quid in each jolly red cheek, Aš be ever did show, in his mouth and his eyes,



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