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TERRITORIES OF THE UNITED STATES.
NEWADA. Organized in 1861.
Area, 83,500 square miles. Population in 1860, 40,000.
Organized in 1863.
Area, 130,800 square miles. No census.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
Established under the First Article of the Constitution of the United States: “Congress shall have power to exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the Government of the United States,” &c. In pursuance of which provision the State of Maryland, December 23, 1788, passed “An act to cede to Congress a district of ten miles square in this State, for the seat of the Government of the United States.” And the State of Virginia, December 3, 1789, passed “An act for the cession of ten miles square, or any lesser quantity of territory within this State, to the United States in Congress assembled, for the permanent seat of the General Government.” These cessions were accepted by Congress, as required by the Constitution, and the permanent seat of government established by the “Act for establishing the temporary and permanent seat of the Government of the United States,” approved July 16, 1790; and the act to amend the same, approved March 3, 1791. The district of ten miles square was accordingly located, and its lines and boundaries particularly established by a proclamation of George Washington, President of the United States, March 30, 1791, and by the “Act concerning the District of Columbia,” approved February 27, 1801, Congress assumed complete jurisdiction over the said District, as contemplated by the framers of the Constitution.
Area, 50 square miles. Population in 1850, 51,687; 1860, 75,080.
ORIGIN OF THE NAMES OF STATES.
Maine was so called as early as 1623, from Maine, in France, of which Henrietta Maria, Queen of England, was at that time proprietor. New Hampshire was the name given to the territory conveyed by the Plymouth Company to Captain John Mason, by patent, November 7th, 1629, with reference to the patentee, who was Governor of Portsmouth, in Hampshire, England. Vermont was so called by the inhabitants in their Declaration of Independence, January 16, 1777, from the French verd mont, the Green Mountains. Massachusetts was so called from Massachusetts Bay, and that from the Massachusetts tribe of Indians, in the neighborhood of Boston. The tribe is thought to have derived its name from the Blue Hills of Milton. “I had learnt,” says Roger Williams, “that the Massachusetts was so called from the Blue Hills.” Rhode Island was so called in 1664, in reference to the Island of Rhodes, in the Mediterranean. Connecticut was so called from the Indian name of its principal river. Connecticut is a Mocheakannew word, signifying long river. New York was so called in 1664, in reference to the Duke of York and Albany, to whom this territory was granted by the King of England. New Jersey was so called in 1664, from the Island of Jersey, on the coast of France, the residence of the family of Sir George Carteret, to whom the territory was granted. . Pennsylvania was so called in 1681, after William Penn. Delaware was so called in 1703, from Delaware Bay, on which it lies, and which received its name from Lord de la War, who died in this bay. Maryland was so called in honor of Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I, in his patent to Lord Baltimore, June 30th, 1632. Virginia was so called in 1584, after Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen of England. Carolina was so called by the French in 1564, in honor of King Charles IX, of France. Georgia was so called in 1732, in honor of King George II. Alabama was so called in 1814, from its principal river, meaning here we rest. Mississippi was so called in 1800, from its western boundary. Mississippi is said to denote the whole river, i. e., the river formed by the union of many. Louisiana was so called in honor of Louis XIV of France. Tennessee was so called in 1796, from its principal river. The word Ten-as-se is said to signify a curved Spoon. Kentucky was so called in 1792, from its principal river. Illinois was so called in 1809, from its principal river. This word is said to signify the river of men. --- Indiana was so called in 1809, from the American Indians. Ohio was so called in 1802, from its southern boundary. Missouri was so called in 1821, from its principal river. Indian name. Michigan was so called in 1805, from the lake on its border. Indian name. Arkansas was so called in 1812, from its principal river. Indian name. Florida was so called by Juan Ponce de Leon in 1572, because it was discovered on Easter Sunday; in Spanish, Pascua Florida. Wisconsin was so called from its principal river. Indian name. Iowa was so called from its principal river. Indian name. Oregon was so called from its principal river. Indian name. Minnesota is also an Indian word. California, a Spanish word, and named from an arm of the Pacific Ocean. Teacas, a Spanish word applied to the Republic. Kansas is an Indian name.
PROGRESS OF POPULATION IN THE UNITED STATES.
FROM 1790 TO 1860.
FIRST CENSUs, August 1, 1790.
19,108 1,524,580 1,543,688
Whites. Free Colored.
EIGHTH CENSUs, June 1, 1860.
PoPULATION OF THE SEVERAL STATES, THE RATIO OF REPRESENTATION, AND THE NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES ALLOWED TO EACH AT THE TIME OF THEIR ADMISSION, RESPECTIVELY.
See Williams’s History of Vermont.